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ENGLISH PROFICIENCY TASK

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CLASS: XII-MIIA C

SMA NEGERI 1 KEDIRI


GERUND
reading is a very important activity in our life.
the word reading in the sentence above is classified into gerund form.
Gerund is a verb form that formed because of particular case should be added
-ing (verb -ing). Gerund also known as the verb changed to noun form.
Gerund used if :
1. Verb as object.
Example:
Speaking is better than thinking.
S V Complement
Swimming is a good sport.
S V O

2. Verb as object/complement.
Example:
She likes dancing.
S V O
My hobby is cycling.
S V Complement

3. Verb as prepositional object.


Example:
I am sorry for coming late.
Before leaving, he said nothing.

4. After specific term.


Example:
a. No use
It is no use studying without practicing.
b. To be worth
It is worth reading source book.
c. To be busy
She is busy preparing for the exams.
d. Cant help/cant bear
She usually cant help laughing when she hears a joke.
e. To be used to
I am used to eating gudeg Yogya.
f. Get used to
She gets used to living near the airport.
g. To be accustomed to
Rudi is accustomed to wearing a tie during his work.

5. Verb after possessive adjective.


Example:
Her teaching is fascinating.
I hate Ivans wearing earring.

6. Verb after specific verb.

Admit Consider Enjoy Mind


Appreciate Avoid Finish Miss
Claim Delay Quit Postpone
Cant help Deny Resist Practice
Resume Risk Suggest Advise
Recall Regret Report Recent
Example:
Would you mind helping me?
Bob admitted stealing the money.
The coast guard reported seeing another ship in the Florida strait.

7. Verb after specific verb/adjective that always form with to


but have to followed by gerund.

Confess to Dedicate to
Object to To be used to
Advance to Get used to
Look forward To be accustomed
To be opposed to Key to
Example:
We are looking forward to going back to school.
I object to giving you another allowance.

there is a group of verbs that can be followed either gerund (-ing verb)
or to infinitive (to + verb 1), which has a different definition.

Stop Remember Forget Regret


Example:
John stop studying. (John tidak belajar lagi)
John stop to study. (John berhenti melakukan sesuatu lantas belajar)
EXERCISE QUESTION
1. what are the horn of buffalo used for?
well, mostly for .. handicrafts.
a. Make
b. To make
c. Being made
d. They make
e. Making

Explanation :

Answer A is incorrect since preposition+Verb, Verb must be Ving

Answer B is incorrect since there is no to after for

Answer C is incorrect since this choice is an active form, so it is


wrong

Answer D is incorrect since there is they that is not suitable

Answer E is correct since after preposition is followed by Ving

2. Little children are usually afraid of .. by their mothers.


a. Left
b. To leave
c. Being left
d. Leaving
e. Been left

Explanation :
Answer A is incorrect since this sentence is not simple past tense

Answer B is incorrect since afraid of is not verb that can followed by


to

Answer C is correct since after preposition is followed by Ving


Answer D is incorrect since this sentence is passive, leaving use in

active

Answer E is incorrect since been is not in Ving form

3. Would you mind .. until I finish typing this letter?


a. To wait
b. To be waiting
c. Wait
d. Will wait
e. Waiting

Explanation:
Answer A is incorrect since mind cant followed by to+Verb form
Answer B is incorrect since mind cant followed by to+Verb form
Answer C is incorrect since V1+V1 is wrong
Answer D is incorrect since preposition will must have object except
question
Answer E is corret since mind is one of verbs that can followed by
Ving

4. Although dino has denied .. the money, they are still suspecting him.
a. Stolen
b. Steal
c. To steal
d. Stealing
e. Have stole

Explanation :
Answer A is incorrect since this sentence is not past tense
Answer B is incorrect since V1+V2, V2 must Ving
Answer C is incorrect since to steal cant followed by to+Ving
Answer D is correct since denied/deny is one of verbs that can
followed by v-ing
Answer E is incorrect since not suitable

5. Facing hard time, people with very low income are looking forward to
.. by the well-to-do in getting the daily basic necessities.
a. Support
b. Supporting
c. Being supported
d. Supported
e. Be supporting

Explanation :
Answer A is incorrect since specific verb is followed by to but must
followed by gerund
Answer B is incorrect since "by expressed the sentence in the
passive, so the choice is wrong
Answer C is correct since forward to must followed by Ving
Answer D is incorrect since specific verb is followed by to but must
followed by gerund
Answer E is incorrect since if in passive form, v-ing placed in to be
TO INFINITIVE
constructed to contain a statue of the mouth of each god.
The word contain can be classified into infinitive form of a verb or a base form
of verb. The use of the infinitive verb synonymous with the addition of to
words to the term which turned it into the To Infinitive.
To Infinitive
is a simple form of the verb which get a prefix to.
To Infinitive used if:
1. verb after accusative object
Example:
She wanted me to buy a new camera.
Peter asked me to go with him.

2. verb after question word that start noun clause


Example:
She wanted to know how to manage the business.
I dont know what to do.

3. verb as complement
Example:
He is a nice man to talk to.
Eddy is too young to run the business.
It is difficult to adapt in a new environment.
It is easy for me to defeat him.

4. verb after specific verb


Agree Fail Offer Strive
Attempt Forget Plan Tend
Claim Hesitate Prepare Want
Decide Hope Pretend Try
Demand Need Refuse Wish
Desire Learn Seem Expect

Example:
Bush expect to begin studying law next month.
Lane learned to swim when she was young.
The soldier are preparing to attack the village.
Cynthia agreed to act a liaison between the two countries.
5. verb after specific adjective
Anxious Good Able
Boring Glad Usual
Dangerous Ready Common
Certain Pleased Difficult
Eager Prepared Wrong

Example:
The students are not yet able to handle such problem.
Setiawan is anxious to see his family.
We are ready to pass the test.
There is a group of verbs that can be followed either gerund (verb-ing) or to
infinitive (to verb 1), which has a different meaning.

Stop Remember Forget Regret

Example:
John stop studying. (John tidak belajar lagi)
John stop to study. (John berhenti melakukan sesuatu lantas belajar)
There is a group of verbs that can be followed either gerund (verb-ing) or to
infinitive (to verb 1), which has a same meaning.

Being, cant stand, like, love, continue, prefer, dread, start, hate

Example:
He started to study after midnight = he started studying after midnight
John hates to ride his bicycle to school = john hates riding his bicycle to
school
EXERCISE QUESTION
1. He had not done his assignment; therefore, his teacher made him _____
it in class.
A. To do
B. Did
C. Do
D. Does
E. Doing

Explanation :
Answer A is correct since it is a to infinitive accusative object
Answer B is incorrect since it is not suitable with its former
phrase made him that have to be followed by to infinitive
Answer C is incorrect since it is a simple present verb that is
suitable with the sentence which is a past form.
Answer D is incorrect since it is a simple present verb that is
suitable with the sentence which is a past form.
Answer E is incorrect since a simple present verb that is suitable
with the sentence which is a continues form.

2. Your handwriting is almost impossible _____


A. My reading it
B. To read
C. For reading it
D. Be read
E. Reading

Explanation :
Answer A is incorrect since it is a wrong form that doesnt have a
meaning and not suitable for the sentence
Answer B is correct since it is to infinitive as a complement
Answer C is incorrect since the word for have to be followed by
something/somebody, it doesnt need it
Answer D is incorrect since be read must be following to
Answer E is incorrect since reading doesnt explain your
handwriting, because it is a noun.

3. As the boy is only seven, he is too young _____


A. Working
B. For to work
C. Work
D. To work
E. To working

Explanation :
Answer A is incorrect since working it is not suitable with
sentence
Answer B is incorrect since for and to must be used just one
of them ( for work/to work).
Answer C is incorrect since work need a to be.
Answer D is correct since it is an object complement
Answer E is incorrect since to must be followed by verb1

4. He is the only one of us who does not know how _____


A. He drives
B. To drive
C. Is driving
D. To be driving
E. Drive
Explanation :
Answer A is incorrect since after the question whord is not
subject
Answer B is correct since the sentense has a sentence structure
that fits countaining additions to
Answer C is incorrect since after the question whord does not
wear a to be
Answer D is incorrect since the sentence is not the shape of the
future
Answer E is incorrect since the said drive must be followed by
the auxillary

5. My parent advised my sister _____ too much money on clothes.


A. Do not spend
B. Not to spend
C. To not spend
D. Not spending
E. Not spend

Explanation :
Answer A is incorrect since as in the phrase do not spend
contains the past tense does not wear a to be do
Answer B is incorrect since the sentence is not suitable should
the sentence to not spend not not to spend
Answer C is correct since the sentence has a sentence structure
that fits containingadditions to
Answer D is incorrect since the sentence contains future
Answer E is incorrect since the sentence is inadequate to answer
these question