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DesCartes

(Combined)

Subject: Reading
Goal: Word Analysis and
Vocabulary Skills
Subject: Reading
Goal Strand: Word Analysis and Vocabulary Skills
RIT Score Range: Below 151
Skills and Concepts to Develop Skills and Concepts to Introduce
Below 151 151 - 160
Apply Word Analysis Skills Apply Word Analysis Skills
Chooses the word with same initial consonant sound Identifies words using the same ending consonant
as words that would describe given pictures* blend as a given word*
Identifies the initial consonant digraph (e.g., sh, th, wh, Uses consonant digraphs (e.g., sh, th, wh, ch) to make
ch) of words shown in picture form meaningful words from word fragments
Matches uppercase letters* Identifies words that rhyme (one syllable)
Matches uppercase letters to lowercase letters Distinguishes real words from nonsense words*
Use basic elements of phonetic analysis to choose
among similarly structured words to identify a picture*
Use basic elements of phonetic analysis to choose
among the words that correctly identify a picture*
Apply Vocabulary Skills Apply Vocabulary Skills
Uses semantics to choose the most appropriate word to
complete a sentence*
Uses syntax to choose the phrase which best completes
the given sentence*
Uses semantics to complete a sentence by choosing the
noun (term not used) that best fits the context of that
sentence*
Uses semantics and graphophonics to select a word to
complete a sentence*
Chooses the common word that best fits a given
definition*
Chooses the synonym (term not used) for a common
verb*
Identifies a word that means the same thing as a given
word (noun)*
Identifies a word that means the same thing as a given
word (adjective)
Identifies a word that means the same thing as a given
word (verbs)*
Selects a preposition that will complete a pair of
sentences describing opposites*
Chooses the correct prefix (in-)*
Selects the correct compound word when given two
pictures

2006 NWEA. DesCartes: A Continuum of Learning is the exclusive copyrighted property of NWEA. Unauthorized use, reproduction, or distribution is prohibited. IL 3.2.1
* Both data from test items and review by NWEA curriculum specialists are used to place learning continuum statements into appropriate RIT ranges.
Blank cells indicate data are limited or unavailable for this range or document version.
New Vocabulary: beginning sound New Vocabulary: ending sound, prefix
New Signs and Symbols: none New Signs and Symbols: none

2006 NWEA. DesCartes: A Continuum of Learning is the exclusive copyrighted property of NWEA. Unauthorized use, reproduction, or distribution is prohibited. IL 3.2.1
* Both data from test items and review by NWEA curriculum specialists are used to place learning continuum statements into appropriate RIT ranges.
Blank cells indicate data are limited or unavailable for this range or document version.
Subject: Reading
Goal Strand: Word Analysis and Vocabulary Skills
RIT Score Range: 151 - 160
Skills and Concepts to Enhance Skills and Concepts to Develop Skills and Concepts to Introduce
Below 151 151 - 160 161 - 170
Apply Word Analysis Skills Apply Word Analysis Skills Apply Word Analysis Skills
Chooses the word with same initial consonant sound Identifies words using the same ending consonant Chooses the word with same initial consonant blend
as words that would describe given pictures* blend as a given word* (bl, cr) as a given word*
Identifies the initial consonant digraph (e.g., sh, th, wh, Uses consonant digraphs (e.g., sh, th, wh, ch) to make Identifies words with the same short vowel sound*
ch) of words shown in picture form meaningful words from word fragments Identifies words that rhyme (one syllable)
Matches uppercase letters* Identifies words that rhyme (one syllable) Determines the number of words in a sentence
Matches uppercase letters to lowercase letters Distinguishes real words from nonsense words* Distinguishes among words that look similar*
Use basic elements of phonetic analysis to choose Identifies words that fit into a given word family (i.e.,
among similarly structured words to identify a picture* sharing a common phonic element)
Use basic elements of phonetic analysis to choose
among the words that correctly identify a picture*
Apply Vocabulary Skills Apply Vocabulary Skills Apply Vocabulary Skills
Uses semantics to choose the most appropriate word to Uses syntax to choose the phrase which best completes
complete a sentence* the given sentence*
Uses syntax to choose the phrase which best completes Uses semantics to complete a sentence by choosing the
the given sentence* adjective (term not used) that best fits the context of
Uses semantics to complete a sentence by choosing the that sentence
noun (term not used) that best fits the context of that Uses semantics to complete a sentence by choosing the
sentence* adverb (term not used) that best fits the context of that
Uses semantics and graphophonics to select a word to sentence
complete a sentence* Uses semantics to complete a sentence by choosing the
Chooses the common word that best fits a given correct form of an adjective*
definition* Uses semantics to complete a sentence by choosing the
Chooses the synonym (term not used) for a common noun (term not used) that best fits the context of that
verb* sentence*
Identifies a word that means the same thing as a given Uses semantics to complete a sentence by choosing the
word (noun)* verb (term not used) that best fits the context of that
Identifies a word that means the same thing as a given sentence
word (adjective) Infers the general meaning of a noun (term not used)
Identifies a word that means the same thing as a given based on the real life/familiar context given in a short
word (verbs)* paragraph
Selects a preposition that will complete a pair of Infers the general meaning of a noun based on the real
sentences describing opposites* life/familiar context given in a sentence
Chooses the correct prefix (in-)* Infers the general meaning of a verb (term not used)
Selects the correct compound word when given two based on the real life/familiar context given in a
pictures paragraph (3 or more sentences)

2006 NWEA. DesCartes: A Continuum of Learning is the exclusive copyrighted property of NWEA. Unauthorized use, reproduction, or distribution is prohibited. IL 3.2.1
* Both data from test items and review by NWEA curriculum specialists are used to place learning continuum statements into appropriate RIT ranges.
Blank cells indicate data are limited or unavailable for this range or document version.
Infers the general meaning of a nonsense word (noun)
based on the real life/familiar context given in a
sentence*
Uses semantics and graphophonics to select a word to
complete a sentence*
Chooses among alternate meanings for common
homographs (term not used) in a sentence based on
the context given in the sentence (e.g., sea, club, hand)
Identifies the word that sounds just like a given word
Identifies a word that means the same thing as a given
word (noun)*
Identifies a word that means the same thing as a given
word (adjective)
Identifies a word that means the same thing as a given
word (verbs)*
Identifies a word that means the opposite of a given
word (adjectives)
Identifies a word that means the opposite of a given
word (prepositions)
Uses context to determine the meaning of a prefix (in-)
Selects the correct word based on context and
definition of prefix*
Selects the correct word based on definition of a prefix
and root word*
Selects the correct definition of a prefix and root word*
Chooses the correct suffix based on context (-ful)*
Chooses the correct definition of a word when given
the meaning of the root word and suffix*
Selects the words that will form a given contraction
Selects a compound word
Selects the correct compound word when given the
definition*
Selects the correct beginning of a compound word*
New Vocabulary: beginning sound New Vocabulary: ending sound, prefix New Vocabulary: compound word, contraction, word
family
New Signs and Symbols: none New Signs and Symbols: none New Signs and Symbols: none

2006 NWEA. DesCartes: A Continuum of Learning is the exclusive copyrighted property of NWEA. Unauthorized use, reproduction, or distribution is prohibited. IL 3.2.1
* Both data from test items and review by NWEA curriculum specialists are used to place learning continuum statements into appropriate RIT ranges.
Blank cells indicate data are limited or unavailable for this range or document version.
Subject: Reading
Goal Strand: Word Analysis and Vocabulary Skills
RIT Score Range: 161 - 170
Skills and Concepts to Enhance Skills and Concepts to Develop Skills and Concepts to Introduce
151 - 160 161 - 170 171 - 180
Apply Word Analysis Skills Apply Word Analysis Skills Apply Word Analysis Skills
Identifies words using the same ending consonant Chooses the word with same initial consonant blend Chooses the word with same initial consonant sound as
blend as a given word* (bl, cr) as a given word* a given word
Uses consonant digraphs (e.g., sh, th, wh, ch) to make Identifies words with the same short vowel sound* Identifies words with r-controlled vowels that are
meaningful words from word fragments Identifies words that rhyme (one syllable) pronounced the same way*
Identifies words that rhyme (one syllable) Determines the number of words in a sentence Identifies words with the same long vowel sound*
Distinguishes real words from nonsense words* Distinguishes among words that look similar* Identifies words with the same short vowel sound*
Use basic elements of phonetic analysis to choose Identifies words that fit into a given word family (i.e., Compares the number of syllables in given words*
among similarly structured words to identify a picture* sharing a common phonic element) Determines the number of parts (syllables) in a given
Use basic elements of phonetic analysis to choose word when examples are used
among the words that correctly identify a picture* Determines the number of syllables in a given word
Apply Vocabulary Skills Apply Vocabulary Skills Apply Vocabulary Skills
Uses semantics to choose the most appropriate word to Uses syntax to choose the phrase which best completes Chooses the appropriate vocabulary word based on the
complete a sentence* the given sentence* description in a paragraph*
Uses syntax to choose the phrase which best completes Uses semantics to complete a sentence by choosing the Uses semantics to complete a sentence by choosing the
the given sentence* adjective (term not used) that best fits the context of correct form of a verb
Uses semantics to complete a sentence by choosing the that sentence Uses semantics to complete a sentence by choosing the
noun (term not used) that best fits the context of that Uses semantics to complete a sentence by choosing the verb (term not used) that best fits the context of that
sentence* adverb (term not used) that best fits the context of that sentence
Uses semantics and graphophonics to select a word to sentence Infers the general meaning of a noun (term not used)
complete a sentence* Uses semantics to complete a sentence by choosing the based on the real life/familiar context given in a short
Chooses the common word that best fits a given correct form of an adjective* paragraph
definition* Uses semantics to complete a sentence by choosing the Infers the general meaning of a noun based on the real
Chooses the synonym (term not used) for a common noun (term not used) that best fits the context of that life/familiar context given in a sentence
verb* sentence* Infers the general meaning of a verb (term not used)
Identifies a word that means the same thing as a given Uses semantics to complete a sentence by choosing the based on the real life/familiar context given in a
word (noun)* verb (term not used) that best fits the context of that paragraph (3 or more sentences)
Identifies a word that means the same thing as a given sentence Infers the general meaning of an adjective (term not
word (adjective) Infers the general meaning of a noun (term not used) used) based on the context given in a paragraph (3 or
Identifies a word that means the same thing as a given based on the real life/familiar context given in a short more sentences)
word (verbs)* paragraph Infers the general meaning of a verb (term not used)
Selects a preposition that will complete a pair of Infers the general meaning of a noun based on the real based on the real life/familiar context given in a
sentences describing opposites* life/familiar context given in a sentence sentence or short paragraph (less than 3 sentences)
Chooses the correct prefix (in-)* Infers the general meaning of a verb (term not used) Gives definition of selected word (two syllables)*
Selects the correct compound word when given two based on the real life/familiar context given in a Chooses among alternate meanings for common
pictures paragraph (3 or more sentences) homographs (term not used) in a sentence based on

2006 NWEA. DesCartes: A Continuum of Learning is the exclusive copyrighted property of NWEA. Unauthorized use, reproduction, or distribution is prohibited. IL 3.2.1
* Both data from test items and review by NWEA curriculum specialists are used to place learning continuum statements into appropriate RIT ranges.
Blank cells indicate data are limited or unavailable for this range or document version.
Infers the general meaning of a nonsense word (noun) the context given in the sentence (e.g., sea, club, hand)
based on the real life/familiar context given in a Chooses the appropriate homograph (term not used)
sentence* to complete two sentences with different meanings
Uses semantics and graphophonics to select a word to (e.g., saw, branch, force)*
complete a sentence* Compares the meaning of a homograph (term not
Chooses among alternate meanings for common used) in different sentences*
homographs (term not used) in a sentence based on Identifies the word that sounds just like a given word
the context given in the sentence (e.g., sea, club, hand) Selects the appropriate homophone (term not used) to
Identifies the word that sounds just like a given word complete a sentence (e.g., see-sea, rode-road,
Identifies a word that means the same thing as a given here-hear)
word (noun)* Chooses the synonym (term not used) for a given word
Identifies a word that means the same thing as a given (verb, concrete)*
word (adjective) Identifies a word that means the opposite of a given
Identifies a word that means the same thing as a given word (adjectives)
word (verbs)* Selects an adjective that will complete a pair of
Identifies a word that means the opposite of a given sentences describing opposites*
word (adjectives) Infers the meaning of a word using context clues, then
Identifies a word that means the opposite of a given selects the word that is the opposite (sentence)*
word (prepositions) Selects the correct prefix based on the context (un-)
Uses context to determine the meaning of a prefix (in-) Chooses the correct prefix (un-)*
Selects the correct word based on context and Selects the correct definition of a word based on the
definition of prefix* prefix and context*
Selects the correct word based on definition of a prefix Uses context to determine the meaning of a prefix
and root word* (re-)*
Selects the correct definition of a prefix and root word* Uses knowledge of prefix to choose the correct word
Chooses the correct suffix based on context (-ful)* based on context (re-)*
Chooses the correct definition of a word when given Chooses the correct prefix (re-)*
the meaning of the root word and suffix* Uses context to determine the meaning of a prefix
Selects the words that will form a given contraction (dis-)
Selects a compound word Chooses the correct suffix based on context (-ful)*
Selects the correct compound word when given the Chooses the correct suffix based on context (-less)*
definition* Chooses the correct suffix based on context (-y)*
Selects the correct beginning of a compound word* Chooses the correct suffix based on context (-er)*
Selects the correct word based on suffix and context
Selects the correct word based on context when given
the definition of the suffix*
Selects a compound word
Selects the correct compound word*
New Vocabulary: ending sound, prefix New Vocabulary: compound word, contraction, word New Vocabulary: sentences, suffix
family
New Signs and Symbols: none New Signs and Symbols: none New Signs and Symbols: none

2006 NWEA. DesCartes: A Continuum of Learning is the exclusive copyrighted property of NWEA. Unauthorized use, reproduction, or distribution is prohibited. IL 3.2.1
* Both data from test items and review by NWEA curriculum specialists are used to place learning continuum statements into appropriate RIT ranges.
Blank cells indicate data are limited or unavailable for this range or document version.
Subject: Reading
Goal Strand: Word Analysis and Vocabulary Skills
RIT Score Range: 171 - 180
Skills and Concepts to Enhance Skills and Concepts to Develop Skills and Concepts to Introduce
161 - 170 171 - 180 181 - 190
Apply Word Analysis Skills Apply Word Analysis Skills Apply Word Analysis Skills
Chooses the word with same initial consonant blend Chooses the word with same initial consonant sound as Identifies words with a long i vowel sound (example
(bl, cr) as a given word* a given word given)*
Identifies words with the same short vowel sound* Identifies words with r-controlled vowels that are Identifies words with a long vowel sound*
Identifies words that rhyme (one syllable) pronounced the same way* Identifies words with a long e vowel sound*
Determines the number of words in a sentence Identifies words with the same long vowel sound* Identifies words with r-controlled vowels that are
Distinguishes among words that look similar* Identifies words with the same short vowel sound* pronounced the same way*
Identifies words that fit into a given word family (i.e., Compares the number of syllables in given words* Identifies words with the same long vowel sound*
sharing a common phonic element) Determines the number of parts (syllables) in a given Identifies words with the same vowel sound (digraph)*
word when examples are used Chooses the word that rhymes with a given word
Determines the number of syllables in a given word (irregular pronunciation)*
Determines which word contains a given number of
syllables
Divides a given word into syllables (VCCV rule, closed
syllables)
Divides words containing silent e plus suffix into
syllables*
Apply Vocabulary Skills Apply Vocabulary Skills Apply Vocabulary Skills
Uses syntax to choose the phrase which best completes Chooses the appropriate vocabulary word based on the Infers the general meaning of an adjective (term not
the given sentence* description in a paragraph* used) based on the context given in a short paragraph
Uses semantics to complete a sentence by choosing the Uses semantics to complete a sentence by choosing the (less than 3 sentences)
adjective (term not used) that best fits the context of correct form of a verb Infers the general meaning of an adjective (term not
that sentence Uses semantics to complete a sentence by choosing the used) based on the context given in a paragraph (3 or
Uses semantics to complete a sentence by choosing the verb (term not used) that best fits the context of that more sentences)
adverb (term not used) that best fits the context of that sentence Infers the general meaning of a noun (term not used)
sentence Infers the general meaning of a noun (term not used) based on the context given in a sentence or paragraph
Uses semantics to complete a sentence by choosing the based on the real life/familiar context given in a short Infers the general meaning of a verb (term not used)
correct form of an adjective* paragraph based on the real life/familiar context given in a
Uses semantics to complete a sentence by choosing the Infers the general meaning of a noun based on the real sentence or short paragraph (less than 3 sentences)
noun (term not used) that best fits the context of that life/familiar context given in a sentence Infers the meaning of nouns based on context and
sentence* Infers the general meaning of a verb (term not used) sentence structure
Uses semantics to complete a sentence by choosing the based on the real life/familiar context given in a Infers the specific meaning of a word with multiple
verb (term not used) that best fits the context of that paragraph (3 or more sentences) meanings (adjective) based on the real life/familiar
sentence Infers the general meaning of an adjective (term not context given in a sentence or paragraph*
Infers the general meaning of a noun (term not used) used) based on the context given in a paragraph (3 or Infers the specific meaning of a word with multiple
based on the real life/familiar context given in a short more sentences) meanings (nouns) based on the real life/familiar

2006 NWEA. DesCartes: A Continuum of Learning is the exclusive copyrighted property of NWEA. Unauthorized use, reproduction, or distribution is prohibited. IL 3.2.1
* Both data from test items and review by NWEA curriculum specialists are used to place learning continuum statements into appropriate RIT ranges.
Blank cells indicate data are limited or unavailable for this range or document version.
paragraph Infers the general meaning of a verb (term not used) context given in a sentence or paragraph
Infers the general meaning of a noun based on the real based on the real life/familiar context given in a Chooses the appropriate homonym (term not used) to
life/familiar context given in a sentence sentence or short paragraph (less than 3 sentences) complete two sentences with different meanings*
Infers the general meaning of a verb (term not used) Gives definition of selected word (two syllables)* Analyzes sentences to determine the specific meaning
based on the real life/familiar context given in a Chooses among alternate meanings for common of a homograph (term not used) (e.g., control, matter,
paragraph (3 or more sentences) homographs (term not used) in a sentence based on stand)*
Infers the general meaning of a nonsense word (noun) the context given in the sentence (e.g., sea, club, hand) Chooses the appropriate homograph (term not used)
based on the real life/familiar context given in a Chooses the appropriate homograph (term not used) to complete two sentences with different meanings
sentence* to complete two sentences with different meanings (e.g., saw, branch, force)*
Uses semantics and graphophonics to select a word to (e.g., saw, branch, force)* Identifies pairs of words that sound alike*
complete a sentence* Compares the meaning of a homograph (term not Selects the appropriate homophone (term not used) to
Chooses among alternate meanings for common used) in different sentences* complete a sentence (e.g., see-sea, rode-road,
homographs (term not used) in a sentence based on Identifies the word that sounds just like a given word here-hear)
the context given in the sentence (e.g., sea, club, hand) Selects the appropriate homophone (term not used) to Selects the appropriate homophone (term not used) to
Identifies the word that sounds just like a given word complete a sentence (e.g., see-sea, rode-road, complete a sentence (e.g., they're, their, there)*
Identifies a word that means the same thing as a given here-hear) Chooses the synonym (term not used) for a given word
word (noun)* Chooses the synonym (term not used) for a given word (adjective, - ing form)*
Identifies a word that means the same thing as a given (verb, concrete)* Identifies pairs of synonyms (term not used) using
word (adjective) Identifies a word that means the opposite of a given context clues given in a paragraph*
Identifies a word that means the same thing as a given word (adjectives) Identifies pairs of words (verbs) that are synonyms
word (verbs)* Selects an adjective that will complete a pair of (term defined)*
Identifies a word that means the opposite of a given sentences describing opposites* Identifies the word that is closest in meaning to a given
word (adjectives) Infers the meaning of a word using context clues, then word (verb)*
Identifies a word that means the opposite of a given selects the word that is the opposite (sentence)* Identifies pairs of words that are antonyms (term
word (prepositions) Selects the correct prefix based on the context (un-) defined)*
Uses context to determine the meaning of a prefix (in-) Chooses the correct prefix (un-)* Identifies pairs of words that are opposites (adjectives)
Selects the correct word based on context and Selects the correct definition of a word based on the Identifies words that mean the opposite of a given
definition of prefix* prefix and context* word (prepositions)*
Selects the correct word based on definition of a prefix Uses context to determine the meaning of a prefix Defines a word based on its base word*
and root word* (re-)* Distinguishes between root words and words with
Selects the correct definition of a prefix and root word* Uses knowledge of prefix to choose the correct word suffixes*
Chooses the correct suffix based on context (-ful)* based on context (re-)* Identifies words that come from the same root or base
Chooses the correct definition of a word when given Chooses the correct prefix (re-)* word*
the meaning of the root word and suffix* Uses context to determine the meaning of a prefix Infers the meaning of a base word given the meaning of
Selects the words that will form a given contraction (dis-) words containing the base plus prefixes and/or
Selects a compound word Chooses the correct suffix based on context (-ful)* suffixes*
Selects the correct compound word when given the Chooses the correct suffix based on context (-less)* Names the root word/base word found within a larger
definition* Chooses the correct suffix based on context (-y)* word
Selects the correct beginning of a compound word* Chooses the correct suffix based on context (-er)* Chooses the prefix that when added to a given root
Selects the correct word based on suffix and context word will best complete a given statement (e.g., inter-,
Selects the correct word based on context when given de-, mis-, re-, in-, dis-, tri-, pre-)
the definition of the suffix* Chooses a root word plus correct prefix to complete a
Selects a compound word given statement*
Uses context to determine the meaning of a prefix
Selects the correct compound word*
2006 NWEA. DesCartes: A Continuum of Learning is the exclusive copyrighted property of NWEA. Unauthorized use, reproduction, or distribution is prohibited. IL 3.2.1
* Both data from test items and review by NWEA curriculum specialists are used to place learning continuum statements into appropriate RIT ranges.
Blank cells indicate data are limited or unavailable for this range or document version.
(im-)*
Chooses the correct prefix (re-)*
Uses knowledge of prefixes to choose the correct word
based on context (non-)*
Selects the correct word based on suffix and context
Selects the correct word using knowledge of a suffix
(-er)
Selects the correct word based on knowledge of a suffix
(-iest) and superlatives*
Chooses the correct word based on context and
knowledge of a suffix (-less)*
Selects the correct definition of a suffix (-er) in
context*
Selects the correct compound word within context
Identifies a compound word
Selects the correct compound word when given the
definition*
Identifies two words that make a compound word*
Uses prefixes, suffixes, and root words (meaning of
each part given) to construct a word with a given
meaning*
New Vocabulary: compound word, contraction, word New Vocabulary: sentences, suffix New Vocabulary: antonym, context, magazine,
family multisyllabic, policy, synonym
New Signs and Symbols: none New Signs and Symbols: none New Signs and Symbols: none

2006 NWEA. DesCartes: A Continuum of Learning is the exclusive copyrighted property of NWEA. Unauthorized use, reproduction, or distribution is prohibited. IL 3.2.1
* Both data from test items and review by NWEA curriculum specialists are used to place learning continuum statements into appropriate RIT ranges.
Blank cells indicate data are limited or unavailable for this range or document version.
Subject: Reading
Goal Strand: Word Analysis and Vocabulary Skills
RIT Score Range: 181 - 190
Skills and Concepts to Enhance Skills and Concepts to Develop Skills and Concepts to Introduce
171 - 180 181 - 190 191 - 200
Apply Word Analysis Skills Apply Word Analysis Skills Apply Word Analysis Skills
Chooses the word with same initial consonant sound as Identifies words with a long i vowel sound (example Recognizes words using the hard g sound
a given word given)* Recognizes words with similar ending sounds (gh)
Identifies words with r-controlled vowels that are Identifies words with a long vowel sound* Identifies words with a long o vowel sound*
pronounced the same way* Identifies words with a long e vowel sound* Identifies words with the same vowel sound
Identifies words with the same long vowel sound* Identifies words with r-controlled vowels that are (diphthong, oi)*
Identifies words with the same short vowel sound* pronounced the same way* Identifies words with the same vowel sound (long a)*
Compares the number of syllables in given words* Identifies words with the same long vowel sound* Identifies words with the same vowel sound (long e)*
Determines the number of parts (syllables) in a given Identifies words with the same vowel sound (digraph)* Identifies words with the same vowel sound (long u, as
word when examples are used Chooses the word that rhymes with a given word in oo)*
Determines the number of syllables in a given word (irregular pronunciation)* Determines which word contains a given number of
Determines which word contains a given number of syllables
syllables Divides a given word into syllables (double consonant)
Divides a given word into syllables (VCCV rule, closed Divides a given word into syllables (VCCV rule, closed
syllables) syllables)
Divides words containing silent e plus suffix into Divides words containing two adjacent vowels
syllables* (pronounced separately) into syllables*
Apply Vocabulary Skills Apply Vocabulary Skills Apply Vocabulary Skills
Chooses the appropriate vocabulary word based on the Infers the general meaning of an adjective (term not Infers the general meaning of an adjective (term not
description in a paragraph* used) based on the context given in a short paragraph used) based on the context given in a short paragraph
Uses semantics to complete a sentence by choosing the (less than 3 sentences) (less than 3 sentences)
correct form of a verb Infers the general meaning of an adjective (term not Infers the general meaning of a noun (term not used)
Uses semantics to complete a sentence by choosing the used) based on the context given in a paragraph (3 or based on the context given in a sentence or paragraph
verb (term not used) that best fits the context of that more sentences) Infers the general meaning of a nonsense word (noun)
sentence Infers the general meaning of a noun (term not used) based on the context given in a sentence
Infers the general meaning of a noun (term not used) based on the context given in a sentence or paragraph Infers the general meaning of a verb (term not used)
based on the real life/familiar context given in a short Infers the general meaning of a verb (term not used) based on the context given in a sentence or paragraph
paragraph based on the real life/familiar context given in a Infers the meaning of adjectives based on context and
Infers the general meaning of a noun based on the real sentence or short paragraph (less than 3 sentences) sentence structure
life/familiar context given in a sentence Infers the meaning of nouns based on context and Infers the meaning of participles based on context and
Infers the general meaning of a verb (term not used) sentence structure sentence structure
based on the real life/familiar context given in a Infers the specific meaning of a word with multiple Infers the meaning of verbs based on context and
paragraph (3 or more sentences) meanings (adjective) based on the real life/familiar sentence structure*
Infers the general meaning of an adjective (term not context given in a sentence or paragraph* Infers the specific meaning of a word with multiple
used) based on the context given in a paragraph (3 or Infers the specific meaning of a word with multiple meanings (nouns) based on the real life/familiar
more sentences) meanings (nouns) based on the real life/familiar context given in a sentence or paragraph

2006 NWEA. DesCartes: A Continuum of Learning is the exclusive copyrighted property of NWEA. Unauthorized use, reproduction, or distribution is prohibited. IL 3.2.1
* Both data from test items and review by NWEA curriculum specialists are used to place learning continuum statements into appropriate RIT ranges.
Blank cells indicate data are limited or unavailable for this range or document version.
Infers the general meaning of a verb (term not used) context given in a sentence or paragraph Infers the specific meaning of a word with multiple
based on the real life/familiar context given in a Chooses the appropriate homonym (term not used) to meanings (verbs) based on the real life/familiar context
sentence or short paragraph (less than 3 sentences) complete two sentences with different meanings* given in a sentence or paragraph
Gives definition of selected word (two syllables)* Analyzes sentences to determine the specific meaning Analyzes sentences to determine the specific meaning
Chooses among alternate meanings for common of a homograph (term not used) (e.g., control, matter, of a homograph (term not used) (e.g., control, matter,
homographs (term not used) in a sentence based on stand)* stand)*
the context given in the sentence (e.g., sea, club, hand) Chooses the appropriate homograph (term not used) Chooses among alternate meanings for a homograph
Chooses the appropriate homograph (term not used) to complete two sentences with different meanings (term not used) in a sentence based on the context
to complete two sentences with different meanings (e.g., saw, branch, force)* given in the sentence (e.g., depressed, gorge, yarn)
(e.g., saw, branch, force)* Identifies pairs of words that sound alike* Recognizes multiple meanings of homographs
Compares the meaning of a homograph (term not Selects the appropriate homophone (term not used) to Identifies the particular homophone that fits the
used) in different sentences* complete a sentence (e.g., see-sea, rode-road, meaning (definition) given*
Identifies the word that sounds just like a given word here-hear) Chooses the synonym (term not used) for a given word
Selects the appropriate homophone (term not used) to Selects the appropriate homophone (term not used) to (adjective)
complete a sentence (e.g., see-sea, rode-road, complete a sentence (e.g., they're, their, there)* Chooses the synonym (term not used) for a given word
here-hear) Chooses the synonym (term not used) for a given word (noun/verb)*
Chooses the synonym (term not used) for a given word (adjective, - ing form)* Identifies pairs of synonyms (term not used) using
(verb, concrete)* Identifies pairs of synonyms (term not used) using context clues given in a paragraph*
Identifies a word that means the opposite of a given context clues given in a paragraph* Identifies pairs of words (adjectives) that are synonyms
word (adjectives) Identifies pairs of words (verbs) that are synonyms (term defined)*
Selects an adjective that will complete a pair of (term defined)* Identifies pairs of words (adjectives) that mean the
sentences describing opposites* Identifies the word that is closest in meaning to a given same thing
Infers the meaning of a word using context clues, then word (verb)* Identifies the word that is a synonym for a given word
selects the word that is the opposite (sentence)* Identifies pairs of words that are antonyms (term (verb)*
Selects the correct prefix based on the context (un-) defined)* Identifies the word that is closest in meaning to a given
Chooses the correct prefix (un-)* Identifies pairs of words that are opposites (adjectives) word (noun)
Selects the correct definition of a word based on the Identifies words that mean the opposite of a given Identifies the word that is closest in meaning to a given
prefix and context* word (prepositions)* word (verb)*
Uses context to determine the meaning of a prefix Defines a word based on its base word* Infers the meaning of a nonsense word using context
(re-)* Distinguishes between root words and words with clues, then selects a synonym for this word*
Uses knowledge of prefix to choose the correct word suffixes* Infers the meaning of a word (adjective) using context
based on context (re-)* Identifies words that come from the same root or base clues, then selects the word that is a synonym
Chooses the correct prefix (re-)* word* (sentence)
Uses context to determine the meaning of a prefix Infers the meaning of a base word given the meaning of Infers the meaning of a word (noun) using context
(dis-) words containing the base plus prefixes and/or clues, then selects the word that has the same meaning*
Chooses the correct suffix based on context (-ful)* suffixes* Identifies a word that is an antonym (term defined) of
Chooses the correct suffix based on context (-less)* Names the root word/base word found within a larger a given word
Chooses the correct suffix based on context (-y)* word Identifies pairs of words that are opposites (verbs)
Chooses the correct suffix based on context (-er)* Chooses the prefix that when added to a given root Identifies words that mean the opposite of a given
Selects the correct word based on suffix and context word will best complete a given statement (e.g., inter-, word (adjectives)*
Selects the correct word based on context when given de-, mis-, re-, in-, dis-, tri-, pre-) Infers the meaning of an unknown word using context
the definition of the suffix* Chooses a root word plus correct prefix to complete a clues, then selects the word that is the opposite
Selects a compound word given statement* (sentence)*
Uses context to determine the meaning of a prefix Distinguishes between root words and words with
Selects the correct compound word*
2006 NWEA. DesCartes: A Continuum of Learning is the exclusive copyrighted property of NWEA. Unauthorized use, reproduction, or distribution is prohibited. IL 3.2.1
* Both data from test items and review by NWEA curriculum specialists are used to place learning continuum statements into appropriate RIT ranges.
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(im-)* suffixes*
Chooses the correct prefix (re-)* Identifies words that come from the same root or base
Uses knowledge of prefixes to choose the correct word word*
based on context (non-)* Infers the meaning of a base word given the meaning of
Selects the correct word based on suffix and context words containing the base plus prefixes and/or
Selects the correct word using knowledge of a suffix suffixes*
(-er) Infers the meaning of a word given the meaning of its
Selects the correct word based on knowledge of a suffix base word and prefixes and/or suffixes*
(-iest) and superlatives* Names the root word/base word found within a larger
Chooses the correct word based on context and word
knowledge of a suffix (-less)* Analyzes similar words to determine the meaning of a
Selects the correct definition of a suffix (-er) in prefix
context* Analyzes prefixes and root words (meaning of each
Selects the correct compound word within context part given) to construct a word with a given meaning*
Identifies a compound word Chooses the prefix that when added to a given root
Selects the correct compound word when given the word will best complete a given statement (e.g., inter-,
definition* de-, mis-, re-, in-, dis-, tri-, pre-)
Identifies two words that make a compound word* Chooses a root word plus correct prefix to complete a
Uses prefixes, suffixes, and root words (meaning of given statement*
each part given) to construct a word with a given Gives the meaning of words (meaning of root given)
meaning* that contain the prefix il-
Recognizes the prefix common to a given group of
words
Recognizes words containing prefixes*
Selects the correct prefix to give a root word a given
meaning (un-, in-, pre-, ex-, out-)
Uses context to determine the meaning of a prefix
(pre-)*
Chooses the correct word based on context and
knowledge of a suffix (-ist)*
Selects the correct word when given the definition of
the suffix*
Selects the correct word when given the definition of
the suffix*
Selects the correct suffix to change the meaning of a
word (-tion)*
Identifies the addition of a suffix (-ing)*
Selects the correct definition of a suffix (-or) in
context*
Selects the correct word when given the definition of
the suffix and root word*
Selects the correct contraction based on context in a
sentence
Identifies words that do not make compound words*

2006 NWEA. DesCartes: A Continuum of Learning is the exclusive copyrighted property of NWEA. Unauthorized use, reproduction, or distribution is prohibited. IL 3.2.1
* Both data from test items and review by NWEA curriculum specialists are used to place learning continuum statements into appropriate RIT ranges.
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Uses prefixes, suffixes, and root words (meaning of
each part given) to construct a word with a given
meaning
New Vocabulary: sentences, suffix New Vocabulary: antonym, context, magazine, New Vocabulary: word root
multisyllabic, policy, synonym
New Signs and Symbols: none New Signs and Symbols: none New Signs and Symbols: none

2006 NWEA. DesCartes: A Continuum of Learning is the exclusive copyrighted property of NWEA. Unauthorized use, reproduction, or distribution is prohibited. IL 3.2.1
* Both data from test items and review by NWEA curriculum specialists are used to place learning continuum statements into appropriate RIT ranges.
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Subject: Reading
Goal Strand: Word Analysis and Vocabulary Skills
RIT Score Range: 191 - 200
Skills and Concepts to Enhance Skills and Concepts to Develop Skills and Concepts to Introduce
181 - 190 191 - 200 201 - 210
Apply Word Analysis Skills Apply Word Analysis Skills Apply Word Analysis Skills
Identifies words with a long i vowel sound (example Recognizes words using the hard g sound Identifies words with the same vowel sound -or, -ur,
given)* Recognizes words with similar ending sounds (gh) -ir*
Identifies words with a long vowel sound* Identifies words with a long o vowel sound* Divides words containing a consonant plus -le into
Identifies words with a long e vowel sound* Identifies words with the same vowel sound syllables
Identifies words with r-controlled vowels that are (diphthong, oi)* Divides words containing multiple adjacent
pronounced the same way* Identifies words with the same vowel sound (long a)* consonants into syllables*
Identifies words with the same long vowel sound* Identifies words with the same vowel sound (long e)* Divides words that follow the VCV rule for short
Identifies words with the same vowel sound (digraph)* Identifies words with the same vowel sound (long u, as vowels into syllables
Chooses the word that rhymes with a given word in oo)* Divides words containing the suffix -able or -ible into
(irregular pronunciation)* Determines which word contains a given number of syllables*
Determines which word contains a given number of syllables
syllables Divides a given word into syllables (double consonant)
Divides a given word into syllables (VCCV rule, closed Divides a given word into syllables (VCCV rule, closed
syllables) syllables)
Divides words containing silent e plus suffix into Divides words containing two adjacent vowels
syllables* (pronounced separately) into syllables*
Apply Vocabulary Skills Apply Vocabulary Skills Apply Vocabulary Skills
Infers the general meaning of an adjective (term not Infers the general meaning of an adjective (term not Determines the meaning of a verb from information
used) based on the context given in a short paragraph used) based on the context given in a short paragraph provided by the context of a passage
(less than 3 sentences) (less than 3 sentences) Determines the meaning of an adjective from
Infers the general meaning of an adjective (term not Infers the general meaning of a noun (term not used) information provided by the context of a passage (3 or
used) based on the context given in a paragraph (3 or based on the context given in a sentence or paragraph more sentences)
more sentences) Infers the general meaning of a nonsense word (noun) Determines the meaning of an adjective from
Infers the general meaning of a noun (term not used) based on the context given in a sentence information provided by the context of a sentence or
based on the context given in a sentence or paragraph Infers the general meaning of a verb (term not used) short paragraph (less than 3 sentences)
Infers the general meaning of a verb (term not used) based on the context given in a sentence or paragraph Determines the meaning of an adverb from
based on the real life/familiar context given in a Infers the meaning of adjectives based on context and information provided by the context of a sentence or
sentence or short paragraph (less than 3 sentences) sentence structure short paragraph
Infers the meaning of nouns based on context and Infers the meaning of participles based on context and Determines the meaning of a noun from information
sentence structure sentence structure provided by the context of a passage
Infers the specific meaning of a word with multiple Infers the meaning of verbs based on context and Infers the specific meaning of a word with multiple
meanings (adjective) based on the real life/familiar sentence structure* meanings (nouns) based on the real life/familiar
context given in a sentence or paragraph* Infers the specific meaning of a word with multiple context given in a sentence or paragraph
Infers the specific meaning of a word with multiple meanings (nouns) based on the real life/familiar Infers the specific meaning of a word with multiple
meanings (nouns) based on the real life/familiar context given in a sentence or paragraph meanings (verbs) based on the real life/familiar context

2006 NWEA. DesCartes: A Continuum of Learning is the exclusive copyrighted property of NWEA. Unauthorized use, reproduction, or distribution is prohibited. IL 3.2.1
* Both data from test items and review by NWEA curriculum specialists are used to place learning continuum statements into appropriate RIT ranges.
Blank cells indicate data are limited or unavailable for this range or document version.
context given in a sentence or paragraph Infers the specific meaning of a word with multiple given in a sentence or paragraph
Chooses the appropriate homonym (term not used) to meanings (verbs) based on the real life/familiar context Uses context clues to determine the meaning of a word
complete two sentences with different meanings* given in a sentence or paragraph within a paragraph*
Analyzes sentences to determine the specific meaning Analyzes sentences to determine the specific meaning Locates the word in a passage that best fits a given
of a homograph (term not used) (e.g., control, matter, of a homograph (term not used) (e.g., control, matter, definition*
stand)* stand)* Recognizes multiple meanings of homographs
Chooses the appropriate homograph (term not used) Chooses among alternate meanings for a homograph Analyzes sentences for correct usage of homographs
to complete two sentences with different meanings (term not used) in a sentence based on the context (term not used)*
(e.g., saw, branch, force)* given in the sentence (e.g., depressed, gorge, yarn) Chooses the synonym (term not used) for a given word
Identifies pairs of words that sound alike* Recognizes multiple meanings of homographs (adjective)
Selects the appropriate homophone (term not used) to Identifies the particular homophone that fits the Identifies pairs of words (adjectives) that are synonyms
complete a sentence (e.g., see-sea, rode-road, meaning (definition) given* (term defined)*
here-hear) Chooses the synonym (term not used) for a given word Identifies the word that is a synonym (term defined)
Selects the appropriate homophone (term not used) to (adjective) for a given word (adjective)
complete a sentence (e.g., they're, their, there)* Chooses the synonym (term not used) for a given word Infers the meaning of a word (adjective) using context
Chooses the synonym (term not used) for a given word (noun/verb)* clues, then selects a synonym (term defined) for this
(adjective, - ing form)* Identifies pairs of synonyms (term not used) using word*
Identifies pairs of synonyms (term not used) using context clues given in a paragraph* Infers the meaning of a word (adjective) using context
context clues given in a paragraph* Identifies pairs of words (adjectives) that are synonyms clues, then selects the word that has the same meaning
Identifies pairs of words (verbs) that are synonyms (term defined)* Infers the meaning of a word (verb) using context
(term defined)* Identifies pairs of words (adjectives) that mean the clues, then selects the word that is a synonym*
Identifies the word that is closest in meaning to a given same thing Defines antonym*
word (verb)* Identifies the word that is a synonym for a given word Identifies a word that is an antonym (term defined) of
Identifies pairs of words that are antonyms (term (verb)* a given word
defined)* Identifies the word that is closest in meaning to a given Analyzes similar words to determine the meaning of a
Identifies pairs of words that are opposites (adjectives) word (noun) prefix
Identifies words that mean the opposite of a given Identifies the word that is closest in meaning to a given Analyzes prefixes and root words (meaning of each
word (prepositions)* word (verb)* part given) to construct a word with a given meaning*
Defines a word based on its base word* Infers the meaning of a nonsense word using context Determines the meaning of a word when a prefix of
Distinguishes between root words and words with clues, then selects a synonym for this word* given meaning is attached to that word*
suffixes* Infers the meaning of a word (adjective) using context Gives the meaning of the prefix un-*
Identifies words that come from the same root or base clues, then selects the word that is a synonym Gives the meaning of words (meaning of root given)
word* (sentence) that contain the prefix pre-
Infers the meaning of a base word given the meaning of Infers the meaning of a word (noun) using context Selects the correct meaning of a word based on its
words containing the base plus prefixes and/or clues, then selects the word that has the same meaning* prefix*
suffixes* Identifies a word that is an antonym (term defined) of Selects the correct meaning of a prefix and root word
Names the root word/base word found within a larger a given word Uses antonym knowledge to determine the appropriate
word Identifies pairs of words that are opposites (verbs) placement of the prefix ir-*
Chooses the prefix that when added to a given root Identifies words that mean the opposite of a given Selects the correct word based on knowledge of a suffix
word will best complete a given statement (e.g., inter-, word (adjectives)* (-er) and superlatives*
de-, mis-, re-, in-, dis-, tri-, pre-) Infers the meaning of an unknown word using context Selects the correct word when given the definition of
Chooses a root word plus correct prefix to complete a clues, then selects the word that is the opposite the suffix*
given statement* (sentence)* Selects the correct definition of a suffix (-phobia)*
Uses context to determine the meaning of a prefix Distinguishes between root words and words with Selects the correct word when given the definition of
2006 NWEA. DesCartes: A Continuum of Learning is the exclusive copyrighted property of NWEA. Unauthorized use, reproduction, or distribution is prohibited. IL 3.2.1
* Both data from test items and review by NWEA curriculum specialists are used to place learning continuum statements into appropriate RIT ranges.
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(im-)* suffixes* the suffix and root word*
Chooses the correct prefix (re-)* Identifies words that come from the same root or base Selects the correct contraction based on context in a
Uses knowledge of prefixes to choose the correct word word* sentence
based on context (non-)* Infers the meaning of a base word given the meaning of Uses prefixes, suffixes, and root words (meaning of
Selects the correct word based on suffix and context words containing the base plus prefixes and/or each part given) to construct a word with a given
Selects the correct word using knowledge of a suffix suffixes* meaning
(-er) Infers the meaning of a word given the meaning of its Identifies words (containing prefixes and/or suffixes)
Selects the correct word based on knowledge of a suffix base word and prefixes and/or suffixes* that come from the same root or base word
(-iest) and superlatives* Names the root word/base word found within a larger
Chooses the correct word based on context and word
knowledge of a suffix (-less)* Analyzes similar words to determine the meaning of a
Selects the correct definition of a suffix (-er) in prefix
context* Analyzes prefixes and root words (meaning of each
Selects the correct compound word within context part given) to construct a word with a given meaning*
Identifies a compound word Chooses the prefix that when added to a given root
Selects the correct compound word when given the word will best complete a given statement (e.g., inter-,
definition* de-, mis-, re-, in-, dis-, tri-, pre-)
Identifies two words that make a compound word* Chooses a root word plus correct prefix to complete a
Uses prefixes, suffixes, and root words (meaning of given statement*
each part given) to construct a word with a given Gives the meaning of words (meaning of root given)
meaning* that contain the prefix il-
Recognizes the prefix common to a given group of
words
Recognizes words containing prefixes*
Selects the correct prefix to give a root word a given
meaning (un-, in-, pre-, ex-, out-)
Uses context to determine the meaning of a prefix
(pre-)*
Chooses the correct word based on context and
knowledge of a suffix (-ist)*
Selects the correct word when given the definition of
the suffix*
Selects the correct word when given the definition of
the suffix*
Selects the correct suffix to change the meaning of a
word (-tion)*
Identifies the addition of a suffix (-ing)*
Selects the correct definition of a suffix (-or) in
context*
Selects the correct word when given the definition of
the suffix and root word*
Selects the correct contraction based on context in a
sentence
Identifies words that do not make compound words*

2006 NWEA. DesCartes: A Continuum of Learning is the exclusive copyrighted property of NWEA. Unauthorized use, reproduction, or distribution is prohibited. IL 3.2.1
* Both data from test items and review by NWEA curriculum specialists are used to place learning continuum statements into appropriate RIT ranges.
Blank cells indicate data are limited or unavailable for this range or document version.
Uses prefixes, suffixes, and root words (meaning of
each part given) to construct a word with a given
meaning
New Vocabulary: antonym, context, magazine, New Vocabulary: word root New Vocabulary: acronym, homonym, middle sound,
multisyllabic, policy, synonym parable, secondary source
New Signs and Symbols: none New Signs and Symbols: none New Signs and Symbols: none

2006 NWEA. DesCartes: A Continuum of Learning is the exclusive copyrighted property of NWEA. Unauthorized use, reproduction, or distribution is prohibited. IL 3.2.1
* Both data from test items and review by NWEA curriculum specialists are used to place learning continuum statements into appropriate RIT ranges.
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Subject: Reading
Goal Strand: Word Analysis and Vocabulary Skills
RIT Score Range: 201 - 210
Skills and Concepts to Enhance Skills and Concepts to Develop Skills and Concepts to Introduce
191 - 200 201 - 210 211 - 220
Apply Word Analysis Skills Apply Word Analysis Skills Apply Word Analysis Skills
Recognizes words using the hard g sound Identifies words with the same vowel sound -or, -ur, Differentiates examples of words containing long u
Recognizes words with similar ending sounds (gh) -ir* from words containing the diphthong, similar to mule*
Identifies words with a long o vowel sound* Divides words containing a consonant plus -le into Divides words containing the suffix -able or -ible into
Identifies words with the same vowel sound syllables syllables*
(diphthong, oi)* Divides words containing multiple adjacent
Identifies words with the same vowel sound (long a)* consonants into syllables*
Identifies words with the same vowel sound (long e)* Divides words that follow the VCV rule for short
Identifies words with the same vowel sound (long u, as vowels into syllables
in oo)* Divides words containing the suffix -able or -ible into
Determines which word contains a given number of syllables*
syllables
Divides a given word into syllables (double consonant)
Divides a given word into syllables (VCCV rule, closed
syllables)
Divides words containing two adjacent vowels
(pronounced separately) into syllables*
Apply Vocabulary Skills Apply Vocabulary Skills Apply Vocabulary Skills
Infers the general meaning of an adjective (term not Determines the meaning of a verb from information Determines the meaning of a verb from information
used) based on the context given in a short paragraph provided by the context of a passage provided by the context of a passage
(less than 3 sentences) Determines the meaning of an adjective from Determines the meaning of an adjective from
Infers the general meaning of a noun (term not used) information provided by the context of a passage (3 or information provided by the context of a passage (3 or
based on the context given in a sentence or paragraph more sentences) more sentences)
Infers the general meaning of a nonsense word (noun) Determines the meaning of an adjective from Determines the meaning of an adjective from
based on the context given in a sentence information provided by the context of a sentence or information provided by the context of a sentence or
Infers the general meaning of a verb (term not used) short paragraph (less than 3 sentences) short paragraph (less than 3 sentences)
based on the context given in a sentence or paragraph Determines the meaning of an adverb from Determines the meaning of an adverb from
Infers the meaning of adjectives based on context and information provided by the context of a sentence or information provided by the context of a sentence or
sentence structure short paragraph short paragraph
Infers the meaning of participles based on context and Determines the meaning of a noun from information Determines the meaning of a noun from information
sentence structure provided by the context of a passage provided by the context of a passage
Infers the meaning of verbs based on context and Infers the specific meaning of a word with multiple Infers the specific meaning of a word with multiple
sentence structure* meanings (nouns) based on the real life/familiar meanings (adjective) based on the context given in a
Infers the specific meaning of a word with multiple context given in a sentence or paragraph sentence or paragraph
meanings (nouns) based on the real life/familiar Infers the specific meaning of a word with multiple Infers the specific meaning of a word with multiple
context given in a sentence or paragraph meanings (verbs) based on the real life/familiar context meanings (noun) based on the context given in a

2006 NWEA. DesCartes: A Continuum of Learning is the exclusive copyrighted property of NWEA. Unauthorized use, reproduction, or distribution is prohibited. IL 3.2.1
* Both data from test items and review by NWEA curriculum specialists are used to place learning continuum statements into appropriate RIT ranges.
Blank cells indicate data are limited or unavailable for this range or document version.
Infers the specific meaning of a word with multiple given in a sentence or paragraph sentence or paragraph
meanings (verbs) based on the real life/familiar context Uses context clues to determine the meaning of a word Gives the meaning of words containing a given root
given in a sentence or paragraph within a paragraph* (defined) and a prefix*
Analyzes sentences to determine the specific meaning Locates the word in a passage that best fits a given Recognizes multiple meanings of homographs
of a homograph (term not used) (e.g., control, matter, definition* Chooses the synonym (term not used) for a given word
stand)* Recognizes multiple meanings of homographs (abstract verb)*
Chooses among alternate meanings for a homograph Analyzes sentences for correct usage of homographs Identifies the word that is a synonym (term defined)
(term not used) in a sentence based on the context (term not used)* for a given word (adjective)
given in the sentence (e.g., depressed, gorge, yarn) Chooses the synonym (term not used) for a given word Infers the meaning of a word (verb) using context
Recognizes multiple meanings of homographs (adjective) clues, then selects the word that has the same meaning*
Identifies the particular homophone that fits the Identifies pairs of words (adjectives) that are synonyms Classifies words as containing Latin roots*
meaning (definition) given* (term defined)* Recognizes words containing specific Latin roots given
Chooses the synonym (term not used) for a given word Identifies the word that is a synonym (term defined) only the meaning of that root*
(adjective) for a given word (adjective) Analyzes prefixes and context to determine the
Chooses the synonym (term not used) for a given word Infers the meaning of a word (adjective) using context meaning of a word
(noun/verb)* clues, then selects a synonym (term defined) for this Selects the correct meaning of a prefix and root word
Identifies pairs of synonyms (term not used) using word* Selects the correct prefix to give a root word a given
context clues given in a paragraph* Infers the meaning of a word (adjective) using context meaning (in-)*
Identifies pairs of words (adjectives) that are synonyms clues, then selects the word that has the same meaning Uses context to determine the meaning of a prefix
(term defined)* Infers the meaning of a word (verb) using context (centi-)*
Identifies pairs of words (adjectives) that mean the clues, then selects the word that is a synonym* Uses context to determine the meaning of a prefix
same thing Defines antonym* (anti-)*
Identifies the word that is a synonym for a given word Identifies a word that is an antonym (term defined) of Uses context to determine the meaning of a prefix
(verb)* a given word (intra-)*
Identifies the word that is closest in meaning to a given Analyzes similar words to determine the meaning of a Selects the correct word based on the suffix and
word (noun) prefix definition*
Identifies the word that is closest in meaning to a given Analyzes prefixes and root words (meaning of each Uses knowledge of root words, suffixes, and prefixes to
word (verb)* part given) to construct a word with a given meaning* identify a word with a given meaning
Infers the meaning of a nonsense word using context Determines the meaning of a word when a prefix of Identifies words (containing prefixes and/or suffixes)
clues, then selects a synonym for this word* given meaning is attached to that word* that come from the same root or base word
Infers the meaning of a word (adjective) using context Gives the meaning of the prefix un-*
clues, then selects the word that is a synonym Gives the meaning of words (meaning of root given)
(sentence) that contain the prefix pre-
Infers the meaning of a word (noun) using context Selects the correct meaning of a word based on its
clues, then selects the word that has the same meaning* prefix*
Identifies a word that is an antonym (term defined) of Selects the correct meaning of a prefix and root word
a given word Uses antonym knowledge to determine the appropriate
Identifies pairs of words that are opposites (verbs) placement of the prefix ir-*
Identifies words that mean the opposite of a given Selects the correct word based on knowledge of a suffix
word (adjectives)* (-er) and superlatives*
Infers the meaning of an unknown word using context Selects the correct word when given the definition of
clues, then selects the word that is the opposite the suffix*
(sentence)* Selects the correct definition of a suffix (-phobia)*
Distinguishes between root words and words with Selects the correct word when given the definition of
2006 NWEA. DesCartes: A Continuum of Learning is the exclusive copyrighted property of NWEA. Unauthorized use, reproduction, or distribution is prohibited. IL 3.2.1
* Both data from test items and review by NWEA curriculum specialists are used to place learning continuum statements into appropriate RIT ranges.
Blank cells indicate data are limited or unavailable for this range or document version.
suffixes* the suffix and root word*
Identifies words that come from the same root or base Selects the correct contraction based on context in a
word* sentence
Infers the meaning of a base word given the meaning of Uses prefixes, suffixes, and root words (meaning of
words containing the base plus prefixes and/or each part given) to construct a word with a given
suffixes* meaning
Infers the meaning of a word given the meaning of its Identifies words (containing prefixes and/or suffixes)
base word and prefixes and/or suffixes* that come from the same root or base word
Names the root word/base word found within a larger
word
Analyzes similar words to determine the meaning of a
prefix
Analyzes prefixes and root words (meaning of each
part given) to construct a word with a given meaning*
Chooses the prefix that when added to a given root
word will best complete a given statement (e.g., inter-,
de-, mis-, re-, in-, dis-, tri-, pre-)
Chooses a root word plus correct prefix to complete a
given statement*
Gives the meaning of words (meaning of root given)
that contain the prefix il-
Recognizes the prefix common to a given group of
words
Recognizes words containing prefixes*
Selects the correct prefix to give a root word a given
meaning (un-, in-, pre-, ex-, out-)
Uses context to determine the meaning of a prefix
(pre-)*
Chooses the correct word based on context and
knowledge of a suffix (-ist)*
Selects the correct word when given the definition of
the suffix*
Selects the correct word when given the definition of
the suffix*
Selects the correct suffix to change the meaning of a
word (-tion)*
Identifies the addition of a suffix (-ing)*
Selects the correct definition of a suffix (-or) in
context*
Selects the correct word when given the definition of
the suffix and root word*
Selects the correct contraction based on context in a
sentence
Identifies words that do not make compound words*

2006 NWEA. DesCartes: A Continuum of Learning is the exclusive copyrighted property of NWEA. Unauthorized use, reproduction, or distribution is prohibited. IL 3.2.1
* Both data from test items and review by NWEA curriculum specialists are used to place learning continuum statements into appropriate RIT ranges.
Blank cells indicate data are limited or unavailable for this range or document version.
Uses prefixes, suffixes, and root words (meaning of
each part given) to construct a word with a given
meaning
New Vocabulary: word root New Vocabulary: acronym, homonym, middle sound, New Vocabulary: none
parable, secondary source
New Signs and Symbols: none New Signs and Symbols: none New Signs and Symbols: none

2006 NWEA. DesCartes: A Continuum of Learning is the exclusive copyrighted property of NWEA. Unauthorized use, reproduction, or distribution is prohibited. IL 3.2.1
* Both data from test items and review by NWEA curriculum specialists are used to place learning continuum statements into appropriate RIT ranges.
Blank cells indicate data are limited or unavailable for this range or document version.
Subject: Reading
Goal Strand: Word Analysis and Vocabulary Skills
RIT Score Range: 211 - 220
Skills and Concepts to Enhance Skills and Concepts to Develop Skills and Concepts to Introduce
201 - 210 211 - 220 221 - 230
Apply Word Analysis Skills Apply Word Analysis Skills Apply Word Analysis Skills
Identifies words with the same vowel sound -or, -ur, Differentiates examples of words containing long u Divides words that do not follow the VCV rule for long
-ir* from words containing the diphthong, similar to mule* vowels into syllables*
Divides words containing a consonant plus -le into Divides words containing the suffix -able or -ible into
syllables syllables*
Divides words containing multiple adjacent
consonants into syllables*
Divides words that follow the VCV rule for short
vowels into syllables
Divides words containing the suffix -able or -ible into
syllables*
Apply Vocabulary Skills Apply Vocabulary Skills Apply Vocabulary Skills
Determines the meaning of a verb from information Determines the meaning of a verb from information Uses context to determine the best meaning for a given
provided by the context of a passage provided by the context of a passage word (adjective)
Determines the meaning of an adjective from Determines the meaning of an adjective from Uses context to determine the best meaning for a given
information provided by the context of a passage (3 or information provided by the context of a passage (3 or word (noun)
more sentences) more sentences) Uses context to determine the best meaning for a given
Determines the meaning of an adjective from Determines the meaning of an adjective from word (verb)
information provided by the context of a sentence or information provided by the context of a sentence or Recognizes multiple meanings for a given word*
short paragraph (less than 3 sentences) short paragraph (less than 3 sentences) Chooses the synonym (term not used) for a given word
Determines the meaning of an adverb from Determines the meaning of an adverb from (adjective ending in -able)
information provided by the context of a sentence or information provided by the context of a sentence or Identifies the word that is a synonym (term defined)
short paragraph short paragraph for a given word (noun)*
Determines the meaning of a noun from information Determines the meaning of a noun from information Identifies the word that is a synonym (term defined)
provided by the context of a passage provided by the context of a passage for a given word (verb)
Infers the specific meaning of a word with multiple Infers the specific meaning of a word with multiple Infers the meaning of a word (verb) using context
meanings (nouns) based on the real life/familiar meanings (adjective) based on the context given in a clues, then selects the word that has the same meaning*
context given in a sentence or paragraph sentence or paragraph Identifies a word that is an antonym (term not defined)
Infers the specific meaning of a word with multiple Infers the specific meaning of a word with multiple of a given word*
meanings (verbs) based on the real life/familiar context meanings (noun) based on the context given in a Infers the meaning of a word using context clues, then
given in a sentence or paragraph sentence or paragraph selects the word that is the antonym within a sentence*
Uses context clues to determine the meaning of a word Gives the meaning of words containing a given root Identifies words (containing prefixes and/or suffixes)
within a paragraph* (defined) and a prefix* that come from the same root or base word
Locates the word in a passage that best fits a given Recognizes multiple meanings of homographs
definition* Chooses the synonym (term not used) for a given word
Recognizes multiple meanings of homographs (abstract verb)*

2006 NWEA. DesCartes: A Continuum of Learning is the exclusive copyrighted property of NWEA. Unauthorized use, reproduction, or distribution is prohibited. IL 3.2.1
* Both data from test items and review by NWEA curriculum specialists are used to place learning continuum statements into appropriate RIT ranges.
Blank cells indicate data are limited or unavailable for this range or document version.
Analyzes sentences for correct usage of homographs Identifies the word that is a synonym (term defined)
(term not used)* for a given word (adjective)
Chooses the synonym (term not used) for a given word Infers the meaning of a word (verb) using context
(adjective) clues, then selects the word that has the same meaning*
Identifies pairs of words (adjectives) that are synonyms Classifies words as containing Latin roots*
(term defined)* Recognizes words containing specific Latin roots given
Identifies the word that is a synonym (term defined) only the meaning of that root*
for a given word (adjective) Analyzes prefixes and context to determine the
Infers the meaning of a word (adjective) using context meaning of a word
clues, then selects a synonym (term defined) for this Selects the correct meaning of a prefix and root word
word* Selects the correct prefix to give a root word a given
Infers the meaning of a word (adjective) using context meaning (in-)*
clues, then selects the word that has the same meaning Uses context to determine the meaning of a prefix
Infers the meaning of a word (verb) using context (centi-)*
clues, then selects the word that is a synonym* Uses context to determine the meaning of a prefix
Defines antonym* (anti-)*
Identifies a word that is an antonym (term defined) of Uses context to determine the meaning of a prefix
a given word (intra-)*
Analyzes similar words to determine the meaning of a Selects the correct word based on the suffix and
prefix definition*
Analyzes prefixes and root words (meaning of each Uses knowledge of root words, suffixes, and prefixes to
part given) to construct a word with a given meaning* identify a word with a given meaning
Determines the meaning of a word when a prefix of Identifies words (containing prefixes and/or suffixes)
given meaning is attached to that word* that come from the same root or base word
Gives the meaning of the prefix un-*
Gives the meaning of words (meaning of root given)
that contain the prefix pre-
Selects the correct meaning of a word based on its
prefix*
Selects the correct meaning of a prefix and root word
Uses antonym knowledge to determine the appropriate
placement of the prefix ir-*
Selects the correct word based on knowledge of a suffix
(-er) and superlatives*
Selects the correct word when given the definition of
the suffix*
Selects the correct definition of a suffix (-phobia)*
Selects the correct word when given the definition of
the suffix and root word*
Selects the correct contraction based on context in a
sentence
Uses prefixes, suffixes, and root words (meaning of
each part given) to construct a word with a given
meaning
2006 NWEA. DesCartes: A Continuum of Learning is the exclusive copyrighted property of NWEA. Unauthorized use, reproduction, or distribution is prohibited. IL 3.2.1
* Both data from test items and review by NWEA curriculum specialists are used to place learning continuum statements into appropriate RIT ranges.
Blank cells indicate data are limited or unavailable for this range or document version.
Identifies words (containing prefixes and/or suffixes)
that come from the same root or base word
New Vocabulary: acronym, homonym, middle sound, New Vocabulary: none New Vocabulary: archetype, paradox, pathetic fallacy
parable, secondary source
New Signs and Symbols: none New Signs and Symbols: none New Signs and Symbols: none

2006 NWEA. DesCartes: A Continuum of Learning is the exclusive copyrighted property of NWEA. Unauthorized use, reproduction, or distribution is prohibited. IL 3.2.1
* Both data from test items and review by NWEA curriculum specialists are used to place learning continuum statements into appropriate RIT ranges.
Blank cells indicate data are limited or unavailable for this range or document version.
Subject: Reading
Goal Strand: Word Analysis and Vocabulary Skills
RIT Score Range: 221 - 230
Skills and Concepts to Enhance Skills and Concepts to Develop Skills and Concepts to Introduce
211 - 220 221 - 230 231 - 240
Apply Word Analysis Skills Apply Word Analysis Skills Apply Word Analysis Skills
Differentiates examples of words containing long u Divides words that do not follow the VCV rule for long
from words containing the diphthong, similar to mule* vowels into syllables*
Divides words containing the suffix -able or -ible into
syllables*
Apply Vocabulary Skills Apply Vocabulary Skills Apply Vocabulary Skills
Determines the meaning of a verb from information Uses context to determine the best meaning for a given Uses context to determine the best meaning for a given
provided by the context of a passage word (adjective) word (noun)
Determines the meaning of an adjective from Uses context to determine the best meaning for a given Chooses the meaning of a phrase based on its use in a
information provided by the context of a passage (3 or word (noun) paragraph
more sentences) Uses context to determine the best meaning for a given Chooses the synonym (term not used) for a given word
Determines the meaning of an adjective from word (verb) (adjective)
information provided by the context of a sentence or Recognizes multiple meanings for a given word* Uses context to determine the meaning of a prefix
short paragraph (less than 3 sentences) Chooses the synonym (term not used) for a given word (en-)*
Determines the meaning of an adverb from (adjective ending in -able)
information provided by the context of a sentence or Identifies the word that is a synonym (term defined)
short paragraph for a given word (noun)*
Determines the meaning of a noun from information Identifies the word that is a synonym (term defined)
provided by the context of a passage for a given word (verb)
Infers the specific meaning of a word with multiple Infers the meaning of a word (verb) using context
meanings (adjective) based on the context given in a clues, then selects the word that has the same meaning*
sentence or paragraph Identifies a word that is an antonym (term not defined)
Infers the specific meaning of a word with multiple of a given word*
meanings (noun) based on the context given in a Infers the meaning of a word using context clues, then
sentence or paragraph selects the word that is the antonym within a sentence*
Gives the meaning of words containing a given root Identifies words (containing prefixes and/or suffixes)
(defined) and a prefix* that come from the same root or base word
Recognizes multiple meanings of homographs
Chooses the synonym (term not used) for a given word
(abstract verb)*
Identifies the word that is a synonym (term defined)
for a given word (adjective)
Infers the meaning of a word (verb) using context
clues, then selects the word that has the same meaning*
Classifies words as containing Latin roots*
Recognizes words containing specific Latin roots given

2006 NWEA. DesCartes: A Continuum of Learning is the exclusive copyrighted property of NWEA. Unauthorized use, reproduction, or distribution is prohibited. IL 3.2.1
* Both data from test items and review by NWEA curriculum specialists are used to place learning continuum statements into appropriate RIT ranges.
Blank cells indicate data are limited or unavailable for this range or document version.
only the meaning of that root*
Analyzes prefixes and context to determine the
meaning of a word
Selects the correct meaning of a prefix and root word
Selects the correct prefix to give a root word a given
meaning (in-)*
Uses context to determine the meaning of a prefix
(centi-)*
Uses context to determine the meaning of a prefix
(anti-)*
Uses context to determine the meaning of a prefix
(intra-)*
Selects the correct word based on the suffix and
definition*
Uses knowledge of root words, suffixes, and prefixes to
identify a word with a given meaning
Identifies words (containing prefixes and/or suffixes)
that come from the same root or base word
New Vocabulary: none New Vocabulary: archetype, paradox, pathetic fallacy New Vocabulary: none
New Signs and Symbols: none New Signs and Symbols: none New Signs and Symbols: none

2006 NWEA. DesCartes: A Continuum of Learning is the exclusive copyrighted property of NWEA. Unauthorized use, reproduction, or distribution is prohibited. IL 3.2.1
* Both data from test items and review by NWEA curriculum specialists are used to place learning continuum statements into appropriate RIT ranges.
Blank cells indicate data are limited or unavailable for this range or document version.
Subject: Reading
Goal Strand: Word Analysis and Vocabulary Skills
RIT Score Range: 231 - 240
Skills and Concepts to Enhance Skills and Concepts to Develop Skills and Concepts to Introduce
221 - 230 231 - 240 Above 240
Apply Word Analysis Skills Apply Word Analysis Skills Apply Word Analysis Skills
Divides words that do not follow the VCV rule for long
vowels into syllables*
Apply Vocabulary Skills Apply Vocabulary Skills Apply Vocabulary Skills
Uses context to determine the best meaning for a given Uses context to determine the best meaning for a given Infers the meaning of a word using context clues, then
word (adjective) word (noun) selects the word that is the opposite within a
Uses context to determine the best meaning for a given Chooses the meaning of a phrase based on its use in a paragraph*
word (noun) paragraph
Uses context to determine the best meaning for a given Chooses the synonym (term not used) for a given word
word (verb) (adjective)
Recognizes multiple meanings for a given word* Uses context to determine the meaning of a prefix
Chooses the synonym (term not used) for a given word (en-)*
(adjective ending in -able)
Identifies the word that is a synonym (term defined)
for a given word (noun)*
Identifies the word that is a synonym (term defined)
for a given word (verb)
Infers the meaning of a word (verb) using context
clues, then selects the word that has the same meaning*
Identifies a word that is an antonym (term not defined)
of a given word*
Infers the meaning of a word using context clues, then
selects the word that is the antonym within a sentence*
Identifies words (containing prefixes and/or suffixes)
that come from the same root or base word
New Vocabulary: archetype, paradox, pathetic fallacy New Vocabulary: none New Vocabulary: none
New Signs and Symbols: none New Signs and Symbols: none New Signs and Symbols: none

2006 NWEA. DesCartes: A Continuum of Learning is the exclusive copyrighted property of NWEA. Unauthorized use, reproduction, or distribution is prohibited. IL 3.2.1
* Both data from test items and review by NWEA curriculum specialists are used to place learning continuum statements into appropriate RIT ranges.
Blank cells indicate data are limited or unavailable for this range or document version.
Subject: Reading
Goal Strand: Word Analysis and Vocabulary Skills
RIT Score Range: Above 240
Skills and Concepts to Enhance Skills and Concepts to Develop
231 - 240 Above 240
Apply Word Analysis Skills Apply Word Analysis Skills

Apply Vocabulary Skills Apply Vocabulary Skills


Uses context to determine the best meaning for a given Infers the meaning of a word using context clues, then
word (noun) selects the word that is the opposite within a
Chooses the meaning of a phrase based on its use in a paragraph*
paragraph
Chooses the synonym (term not used) for a given word
(adjective)
Uses context to determine the meaning of a prefix
(en-)*
New Vocabulary: none New Vocabulary: none
New Signs and Symbols: none New Signs and Symbols: none

2006 NWEA. DesCartes: A Continuum of Learning is the exclusive copyrighted property of NWEA. Unauthorized use, reproduction, or distribution is prohibited. IL 3.2.1
* Both data from test items and review by NWEA curriculum specialists are used to place learning continuum statements into appropriate RIT ranges.
Blank cells indicate data are limited or unavailable for this range or document version.