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Example problems in Reinforced Concrete

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tension stresses in a concrete structural member.

perpendicular to, or at an angle to the longitudinal

reinforcement, and properly anchored.

closed, or of continuously wound reinforcement. The

term stirrups is usually applied to lateral reinforcement in

flexural members and the term ties to lateral reinforcement

in vertical compression members.

What is a

stirrup?

If there are no proper beam

reinforcements..

BASIC CODE REQUIREMENTS

The Basic Code requirements on VuVn

shear strength is that the factored

shear force Vu shall be equal or Where =0.85(NSCP 2001)

less than the design shear Vn =0.75(NSCP 2010)

Vn=Vc + Vs

Where:

Vu= factored or ultimate shear in N =

Vc= shear force provided by concrete, N

Vs= shear force carried by the steel, N

Design of Vertical Stirrups:

I. Calculate the factored shear force Vu at IV. Calculate the shear strength, Vs to be Maximum spacing:

d distance from the face of the support. provided by the stirrups.

a. When Vs bd

Vu

Vu = R Wu d Vs = Vc

= 600

2

II. Calculate the shear strength provided by

the concrete. If bd proceed to step V b. When > bd

If >

bd, adjust the size of the beam. = 300

1 4

Vc = bd

6

V. Spacing of Stirrups

If > , stirrups are necessary, VI. If < but >

proceed to step IV. A v fy d

s=

Vs Minimum area of stirrup

If < but > , proceed to b s

Av = w

step VI. If s<25 mm, increase the value of 3fy

Av,by either using bigger bar size or

adding more shear areaaa S=d/2 or 600mm

If < , stirrups are not needed.

Bess gets Hahaha di

mo? rin bess. GG

manin bess..

2As fyd 3Avfy 2As fyd 3Avfy 3Avfy

s s s Stirrups are

Vs bw s s

Vs bw bw not required

d s

s d s d

4 s s

2 2

5Vc

s

3Vc

Vc

Vc

2

IV III II I

Problem 1:

A simply supported beam(6m) loaded with 60KN/m

dead load and 87KN/m live load. Use fc=24MPa and

fy=375MPa and using 10mm stirrups. The beam

withd is 375mm and effective depth is 570mm.

Determine:

Use NSCP 2001

a. Required length where stirrups are required.

b. Spacing of stirrup at critical section.

c. Spacing at Vu=300KN

d. Spacing at Vu=200KN

Problem 2:

A rectangular isolated beam has a clear span of

7.6m and carries a service live load of 60KN/m and

no external dead load except its own weight. The

beam has a width of 350mm and effective depth of

700mm. Its is reinforced with 6-28mm in two

rows. Total depth of beam is 800mm. Fc=27.6,

fy=414MPa, fyt=270MPa. Use =0.85 for sand

lightweight concrete having a unit weight of

2400kg/cu.m. Use NSCP 2010

a. Using simplified calculations, determine the

shear force to be resisted by the shear

reinforcement at the critical section from the

face of the support.

b. Determine the spacing of the 10mm shear

reinforcement required by the beam due to its

load.

c. Determine the point where no shear

reinforcement are needed measured from the

face of the support.

Problem 3:

A rectangular beam having a width of 300 mm has an

effective depth of 600mm. Total depth of the beam is

680mm. The beam is reinfocrced with 3-32mm at

the bottom. Fc= 27.6Mpa, fy=415MPa. Assume =1

for normal concrete weight.

a. Using detailed calculation, determine the shear

strength of concrete subjected to shear and

flexure only if it is subjected to factored moment

of Mu=134KN-m which occurs with Vu=223KN.

b. If the beam is subjected to a compressive force of

268KN, determine the simplified calculation for

the shear strength of concrete.

c. If the beam is subjected to a compressive force of

270KN, determine the detailed calculation of the

shear strength of concrete if Mu=140KN-m and

Vu=240KN.

Problem 4:

of a beam loaded with 90KN dead load,

including its own weight, and

concentrated 200KN live load at mid

span. The beam has a simple span of

7m. Use fc=21MPa and fy=275MPa. Use

NSCP 2001. Start from critical section

and every 0.50 m thereafter. Use

increment of 25 for the spacing.

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