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Unit 1 Review Sheet Name______________________________

Linear Functions and Transformations of Parent Functions

1. Identify the slope and y-intercept of the following line: 2x 3y = 27

2. Write the equation of the line going through the points (2, -7) and (3, 8).

#3 and 4, Find the equation of the graphed line and interpret the slope in the context of the problem.

3. 4.

5. a) Use the linear regression feature on a graphing calculator to find the


line of best fit for the data in the table.

b) Estimate the height (in centimeters) of a person whose femur is 38


centimeters long. Show work.
#6 8, Identify the function family to which f(x) belongs. List the domain, range, and transformations.
6. 7. 8.

Family Function: Family Function: Family Function:

Domain: Domain: Domain:

Range: Range: Range:

Transformations: Transformations: Transformations:

#9 13, Write a function g(x) whose graph represents the indicated transformation of the graph of f(x).
Use a graphing calculator to check your answer.

9. f x x; vertical shrink by a factor of 1 followed by a translation 4 units down


3

10. f x x ; translation 3 units left followed by a horizontal shrink by a factor of 1


2

11. f x x 2 ; translation 5 units right followed by a vertical shrink by a factor of 1


4

12. f x x ; reflection in the x-axis followed by a translation 2 units left

13. f x x 2 horizontal shrink by a factor of 1


4
3. 4.
A pot of hot water is left to sit out. The table shows the time elapsed and the temperature.
[c] Find the least squares line and the correlation value r. y = __________________
r = _____
[d] What is the slope and what is its real world meaning? ________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________
[e] What is the y-intercept and is its real world meaning? ________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________
[i] What would be a reasonable domain and range? ____________________________________

The cost of renting a 26-foot U-Haul truck is $39.95 per day and $0.59 per mile. Let f(x) represent the
cost of
renting a truck for a day and driving it x miles.
a) How much will it cost to rent a truck for a day if the driver goes a total of 32 miles?
b) What is the slope of the line given by this calculation of cost?
c) If x = 0, how much does it cost to rent the truck for a day?
d) Find the equation of the line.

Identify the function family to which f belongs. List the domain, range, and transformations.
Then, write the equation of the function.

1. 2.

3. 4.
Use the graph to write an equation of the line and interpret the slope.

23. 24.

25. Determine whether the data show a linear relationship. If so, write an equation of a line of
fit. Estimate y when x 15 and explain its meaning in the context of the situation.

Weeks, x 3 6 10 12 16
Height of basil plant (inches), y 1 2 5 9 15

Solve the system using the elimination method.


26. 2 x y 17
2x y 1

27. 3x y z 1 28. 4 x 3 y 5 z 9
3x 2 y 5 z 16 6 x 6 y 3z 6
3x 3 y 2 z 6 3x 3 y 4 z 19