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# Part A

## 1. State the phase of rule for pure substance.

2. Mention the two working fluids used in binary vapour cycle.
3. What are reduced properties? Give their significance.
4. What is the importance of Joule Thompson Coefficient.
5. Is iced water a pure substance? Why?
6. What is the effect of reheat on (a) the net work output, (b) the cycle efficiency and (c) steam
rate of steam powerplant?
7. Write down the two Tds equations.
8. What are compressed solid and compressed liquid?
9. What are the methods for improving the performance of rankine cycle?
10. What is meant by generalised compressibility chart? And what are its features?
11. What is the value of Joule Thompson coefficient for an ideal gas? Why?

Part B

1. 2kg of steam initially at 5bar and 0.6dry is heated at constant pressure until the temperature
becomes 350oC. Find the change in entropy and internal energy.
2. 2.5 kg of steam is heated at constant pressure of 250 kPa and 100oC until temperature is
250oC. Find the amount of heat added and change in entropy.
3. 2 kg at a pressure of 8 bar occupies a volume of 0.3 m3. If the air expands to volume of 1.5
m3 according to the law PV1.35=C. calculate the work done and change in entropy during the
process.
4. A vessel of volume 0.04 m3 contains a mixture of saturated water and saturated steam at a
temperature of 250oC. The mass of the liquid present is 9 kg. Find the pressure, mass,
specific volume, enthalpy, entropy and internal energy.
5. A reheat Rankine cycle receives steam at 35 bar and 0.1 bar. Steam enters the first stage
turbine 350oC, calculate the specific steam consumption and reheat Rankine cycle efficiency.
6. A steam power plant operates on an ideal regenerative Rankine cycle. Steam enters the
turbine at 6 MPa and 450oC and is condensed in the condenser at 20 kpa. Steam is extracted
from the turbine at 0.4 MPa to heat the feedwater in an open feedwater heater. Water
leaves the feedwater heater as a satutated liquid. Show the T-s diagram and determine the
(i) net work output per kilogram of steam leaving through the boiler and (ii) thermal
efficiency of the cycle.
7. Explain in detail. (i) Standard Rankine cycle. (ii) Reheat Rankine cycle.
8. Derive Maxwells relation.
9. Show that Cp-Cv=R.
10. Derive Clausius Clayperon equation.
11. Explain Joule Thompson coefficient and show that Joule Thompson coefficient of ideal gss is
zero.