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Salams

Incase you have not learned a language before, maybe you never had any need to understand
exactly what is a verb, noun, adjective etc. If that is the case, I hope this thread will be a useful
reference for you insha allah.

The parts of speech

Noun - a noun is a thing. It may be referred to as a "naming word" such as "table" "floor"
"banana" "Mohammed" etc

Pronoun - a pronoun is a word that is used in place of a noun. In English they are words such as
"he" "she" "we" "it"

Adjective - a "describing word" such as "green" "nice" "old" "interesting"

Verb - a verb is a "doing word" such as "run" "eat" "look" "write". It must be changed slightly
depending who is doing the action, like in english we say "I write" but "he writes"

Adverb - a word describing how a word is done, such as "quickly" "efficiently"

Preposition - a word which shows where something is, eg "in" "under"

Equational sentence - a sentence following the pattern of "something is something" [made up of


a subject and a predicate: ]

The subject here is basically what the sentence is about. We could say it is the topic of the
sentence. When we say "The house is big.", the sentence is telling us something about the
house, so the house is known as the subject.

The predicate is simply a word which tells us something about the subject. "Big" in the above
sentence is the predicate because it is telling us about the house.

Verbal sentence - a sentence with a verb (doing word) in it. It always has a subject, and usually
has an object

Subject - the subject of the verbal sentence is always a noun.The subject is the person or thing
that is doing the action eg in the sentence "I saw Sajid", I am the subject.

Object - The object has an action done to it, in the above sentence, Sajid is the object.

Other words derived from verbs

Active Participle - The person who does the action of that verb. If the verb was "write" then the
activer participle is "writer"

Passive participle - The thing that has had the action done to it. If the verb was "choose" then
the passive participle is "chosen"

Verbal noun - this is a naming word that had its origin in a verb. Often it names a concept
rather than a specific thing. An example of this is the word "smoking" in the sentence "Smoking
is bad for you."
The parts of speech

Noun( : Ism) - a noun is a thing. It may be referred to as a "naming word" such as "table"
"floor" "banana" "Mohammed" etc

Pronoun(Dhameer : )- a pronoun is a word that is used in place of a noun. In English they


are words such as "he" "she" "we" "it"

Adjective(Sifah: )- a "describing word" such as "green" "nice" "old" "interesting"

Verb (Fi3il : ) - a verb is a "doing word" such as "run" "eat" "look" "write". It must be
changed slightly depending who is doing the action, like in english we say "I write" but "he
writes"

Adverb (Hal : ) - a word describing how a word is done, such as "quickly" "efficiently"
Preposition (Harf Jarr : ) - a word which shows where something is, eg "in" "under"

Equational sentence(Jumlatun Ismiyyah : ) - a sentence following the pattern of


"something is something" [made up of a subject and a predicate: ]

The subject here is basically what the sentence is about. We could say it is the topic of the
sentence. When we say "The house is big.", the sentence is telling us something about the
house, so the house is known as the subject.

The predicate is simply a word which tells us something about the subject. "Big" in the above
sentence is the predicate because it is telling us about the house.

Verbal sentence(Jumlatun Fi3liyyah: ) - a sentence with a verb (doing word) in it. It always
has a subject, and usually has an object

Subject(fa3il : )- the subject of the verbal sentence is always a noun.The subject is the
person or thing that is doing the action eg in the sentence "I saw Sajid", I am the subject.

Object (al-maf3ool bihi : ) - The object has an action done to it, in the above sentence,
Sajid is the object.

Other words derived from verbs

Active Participle (mabni Lil-ma3loom: ) - The person who does the action of that verb. If
the verb was "write" then the activer participle is "writer"

Passive participle (mabni Lil-majhool: ) - The thing that has had the action done to it.
If the verb was "choose" then the passive participle is "chosen"

Verbal noun(ism al-fi3il: ) - this is a naming word that had its origin in a verb. Often it
names a concept rather than a specific thing. An example of this is the word "smoking" in the
sentence "Smoking is bad for you.

Week 26 Introduction to the passive verb and passive sentences

(Introduction to the Mabny lil majhool verb and


the Mabny lil majhool sentence .)

The ( Mabny lil majhool verb) is the passive verb.


It is used in passive sentences. It has a special form and the normal
verb (active verb) is not used in passive sentences.

The mabny lil majhool verb can be in the past tense or the present
tense. Each tense has its own form and there are rules for making
each type of verb. The mabny lil majhool verb is also known as
mabny lil mafool verb.

The mabny lil majhool sentence.

The mabny lil majhool sentence (Sentence structured


for the unknown), is the passive sentence. It is also known as
mabny lil mafool sentence (Sentence structured for
the object).

As you may know, a passive sentence is a sentence in which the


object becomes the subject of the sentence. For example: the ball
was thrown
.

Unlike the English passive sentence where the doer may be


mentioned at the end of the sentence (as in the sentence: the ball
was thrown by someone), in Arabic, the doer is completely
invisible. The object, like in the English passive sentence, becomes
the subject of the sentence. In the Arabic passive sentence, the
object is called the naaib ul faail as it takes the place of
the faail ( doer) in the subject position. Therefore, like the faail,
the naib ul faail is also marfoo .

((Revision of the marfoo case of the noun:

In the marfoo case, the singular noun and the irregular noun
(singular or plural) both have a damma on the last letter. Example:

The masculine plural noun ends in a waw + nun in the marfoo


case. Example:

The dual noun ends in an alif + nun in the marfoo case. Example:

The feminine plural noun ends in a damma on the ending .


example:

If the noun is irregular (singular or plural,) it ends in a damma on the


last letter in the marfoo case.) example:
))

The mabny lil majhool sentence is a verbal sentence


. That is, it starts with a verb and not a noun. The verb
in this sort of sentence has its own form and the normal verb is not
used in the mabny lil majhool sentence.

The verb is known as fail mabny lil majhool ( verb


structured for the unknown) or fail mabny lil mafool
( verb structured for the object) and may be in the past tense
or present tense. Each tense has its own rules.

Rules for the past tense mabny lil majhool verb (fail maad mabny lil
majhool ) :

To make a past tense verb passive, use the following rule:

Place a damma on the first letter of the past tense verb and a kasra
on the letter before the last.

Use this rule for past tense verbs that dont begin with hamza-tul-
wasl.

Examples of past tense mabny lil majhool verbs:


asked , the normal verb is: he asked

Example passive sentence:



a question was asked.

(Normal i.e. active sentence:






- the man asked the
question.)

Note that in the passive sentence has a damma on it while in


the active sentence it has a fathha on it. this is because in the
passive sentence, is the subject of the sentence while in the
active sentence it is the object.

The subject of the passive sentence is known as the naib al faail


and is always marfoo like the because it takes the
place of the .

broke , the normal verb was ( with a fathha on the first


letter)

the glass was broken
(normal active sentence: the boy broke the glass.)

- opened
the door was opened.
Active sentence: - the student opened the door. As

you can see in this sentence, the object has a fathha on the last
letter because it is mansoob.

As you can see in the above examples, each of the passive past
tense verb has a damma on the first letter and a kasra on the letter
before the last letter of the verb. The last letter contains its normal
vowel, a fathha.

This is the form if the past tense doesnt start with the hamza-tul-
wasl.

If the past tense verb starts with hamza-tul-wasl, use the following
rule to make the passive verb:
Place a damma on the first and third letter of the past tense verb and
a kasra on the letter before the last letter.

Examples:
Passive verb - active verb
ostofhima istafhama
ostoghfira
istaghfira
Note: in the active verb, the first and third letter contain a damma
and the letter before the last contains a kasra.

Rules for present tense mabny lil majhool verb

To make the present tense verb passive, use the following rule:
Place a damma on the first letter of the present tense verb and a
fathha on the letter before the last.

Examples of some present tense mabny lil majhool verbs.


( The active form is: )
the question is asked
- (the active form is: )
the door is opened

( the active form is: )
- the food is eaten.

Hint: If you memorize an example of each type of verb, it will make


it easier for you to remember the rules for making the verb mabny lil
majhool.
As you can see, it is fairly easy to learn to make the passive
sentence. All you need to remember is that the object takes
the place of the subject, the doer is invisible, and the verb has
a special form. Making the passive form of the verb is easy if you
learn the rules and one example.
This is only an introduction to the passive verb and passive sentence.
Further in your studies you can learn more about these types of
sentences and use them in your speaking and writing.
Example sentences (Past Tense):
the lesson was studied.
The active verb is:

the building was built.
The active verb is:
the saying was heard.
The active verb is:

Example sentences (Present Tense):


the lesson is (being) studied.
the building is (being) built.
the talk is (being) listened to.

Note that in each of the passive sentences, the object has taken the
position of the doer and has become the subject of the sentence.
Therefore, it is marfoo and not mansoob. The subject of the passive
sentence is known as and is marfoo.

Practice tip make sentences using passive verbs

Revision:
Past Tense Verbs:
The first letter of the passive past tense verb contains a damma and
the letter before the last contains a kasra if it doesnt start with
hamza-tul wasl.
If a past tense verb starts with hamza tul wasl, then in the passive
form, the first and third letter of the verb contain a damma and the
letter before the last contains a kasra.

Present Tense Verbs:


The first letter of the present tense verb contains a damma and the
letter before the last contains a fathha.
Revision of hamza-tul wasl:
It is the hamza that is pronounced when you start the statement
with it but not if it comes in the middle of a statement. For example,
the hamza in reception - is pronounced if you start a
statement with it but isnt pronounced if a word precedes it. so if it
comes at the start of a statement, it would be pronounced istiqbaal.
But in the middle of a statement (for example
ghurfatu istiqbaal is pronounced as ghurfatustiqbaal.)
See Supplement 24 for more information."
Week 26 Introduction to the passive verb and passive sentences

(Introduction to the Mabny lil majhool verb and


the Mabny lil majhool sentence .)

The ( Mabny lil majhool verb) is the passive verb.


It is used in passive sentences. It has a special form and the normal
verb (active verb) is not used in passive sentences.

The mabny lil majhool verb can be in the past tense or the present
tense. Each tense has its own form and there are rules for making
each type of verb. The mabny lil majhool verb is also known as
mabny lil mafool verb.

The mabny lil majhool sentence.

The mabny lil majhool sentence (Sentence structured


for the unknown), is the passive sentence. It is also known as
mabny lil mafool sentence (Sentence structured for
the object).

As you may know, a passive sentence is a sentence in which the


object becomes the subject of the sentence. For example: the ball
was thrown
.

Unlike the English passive sentence where the doer may be


mentioned at the end of the sentence (as in the sentence: the ball
was thrown by someone), in Arabic, the doer is completely
invisible. The object, like in the English passive sentence, becomes
the subject of the sentence. In the Arabic passive sentence, the
object is called the naaib ul faail as it takes the place of
the faail ( doer) in the subject position. Therefore, like the faail,
the naib ul faail is also marfoo .

((Revision of the marfoo case of the noun:

In the marfoo case, the singular noun and the irregular noun
(singular or plural) both have a damma on the last letter. Example:

The masculine plural noun ends in a waw + nun in the marfoo


case. Example:

The dual noun ends in an alif + nun in the marfoo case. Example:

The feminine plural noun ends in a damma on the ending .


example:

If the noun is irregular (singular or plural,) it ends in a damma on the


last letter in the marfoo case.) example:
))

The mabny lil majhool sentence is a verbal sentence


. That is, it starts with a verb and not a noun. The verb
in this sort of sentence has its own form and the normal verb is not
used in the mabny lil majhool sentence.

The verb is known as fail mabny lil majhool ( verb


structured for the unknown) or fail mabny lil mafool
( verb structured for the object) and may be in the past tense
or present tense. Each tense has its own rules.

Rules for the past tense mabny lil majhool verb (fail maad mabny lil
majhool ) :

To make a past tense verb passive, use the following rule:

Place a damma on the first letter of the past tense verb and a kasra
on the letter before the last.
Use this rule for past tense verbs that dont begin with hamza-tul-
wasl.

Examples of past tense mabny lil majhool verbs:


asked , the normal verb is: he asked

Example passive sentence:



a question was asked.

(Normal i.e. active sentence:






- the man asked the
question.)

Note that in the passive sentence has a damma on it while in


the active sentence it has a fathha on it. this is because in the
passive sentence, is the subject of the sentence while in the
active sentence it is the object.

The subject of the passive sentence is known as the naib al faail


and is always marfoo like the because it takes the
place of the .

broke , the normal verb was ( with a fathha on the first


letter)

the glass was broken
(normal active sentence: the boy broke the glass.)

- opened
the door was opened.
Active sentence: - the student opened the door. As

you can see in this sentence, the object has a fathha on the last
letter because it is mansoob.

As you can see in the above examples, each of the passive past
tense verb has a damma on the first letter and a kasra on the letter
before the last letter of the verb. The last letter contains its normal
vowel, a fathha.

This is the form if the past tense doesnt start with the hamza-tul-
wasl.
If the past tense verb starts with hamza-tul-wasl, use the following
rule to make the passive verb:
Place a damma on the first and third letter of the past tense verb and
a kasra on the letter before the last letter.

Examples:
Passive verb - active verb
ostofhima istafhama
ostoghfira
istaghfira
Note: in the active verb, the first and third letter contain a damma
and the letter before the last contains a kasra.

Rules for present tense mabny lil majhool verb

To make the present tense verb passive, use the following rule:
Place a damma on the first letter of the present tense verb and a
fathha on the letter before the last.

Examples of some present tense mabny lil majhool verbs.


( The active form is: )
the question is asked
- (the active form is: )
the door is opened
( the active form is: )
- the food is eaten.

Hint: If you memorize an example of each type of verb, it will make


it easier for you to remember the rules for making the verb mabny lil
majhool.
As you can see, it is fairly easy to learn to make the passive
sentence. All you need to remember is that the object takes
the place of the subject, the doer is invisible, and the verb has
a special form. Making the passive form of the verb is easy if you
learn the rules and one example.
This is only an introduction to the passive verb and passive sentence.
Further in your studies you can learn more about these types of
sentences and use them in your speaking and writing.
Example sentences (Past Tense):

the lesson was studied.
The active verb is:

the building was built.
The active verb is:

the saying was heard.
The active verb is:

Example sentences (Present Tense):


the lesson is (being) studied.
the building is (being) built.
the talk is (being) listened to.

Note that in each of the passive sentences, the object has taken the
position of the doer and has become the subject of the sentence.
Therefore, it is marfoo and not mansoob. The subject of the passive
sentence is known as and is marfoo.

Practice tip make sentences using passive verbs

Revision:
Past Tense Verbs:
The first letter of the passive past tense verb contains a damma and
the letter before the last contains a kasra if it doesnt start with
hamza-tul wasl.
If a past tense verb starts with hamza tul wasl, then in the passive
form, the first and third letter of the verb contain a damma and the
letter before the last contains a kasra.

Present Tense Verbs:


The first letter of the present tense verb contains a damma and the
letter before the last contains a fathha.

Revision of hamza-tul wasl:


It is the hamza that is pronounced when you start the statement
with it but not if it comes in the middle of a statement. For example,
the hamza in reception - is pronounced if you start a
statement with it but isnt pronounced if a word precedes it. so if it
comes at the start of a statement, it would be pronounced istiqbaal.
But in the middle of a statement (for example
ghurfatu istiqbaal is pronounced as ghurfatustiqbaal.)
See Supplement 24 for more information.
Week 26 Introduction to the passive verb and passive sentences

(Introduction to the Mabny lil majhool verb and


the Mabny lil majhool sentence .)

The ( Mabny lil majhool verb) is the passive verb.


It is used in passive sentences. It has a special form and the normal
verb (active verb) is not used in passive sentences.

The mabny lil majhool verb can be in the past tense or the present
tense. Each tense has its own form and there are rules for making
each type of verb. The mabny lil majhool verb is also known as
mabny lil mafool verb.

The mabny lil majhool sentence.

The mabny lil majhool sentence (Sentence structured


for the unknown), is the passive sentence. It is also known as
mabny lil mafool sentence (Sentence structured for
the object).

As you may know, a passive sentence is a sentence in which the


object becomes the subject of the sentence. For example: the ball
was thrown
.

Unlike the English passive sentence where the doer may be


mentioned at the end of the sentence (as in the sentence: the ball
was thrown by someone), in Arabic, the doer is completely
invisible. The object, like in the English passive sentence, becomes
the subject of the sentence. In the Arabic passive sentence, the
object is called the naaib ul faail as it takes the place of
the faail ( doer) in the subject position. Therefore, like the faail,
the naib ul faail is also marfoo .

((Revision of the marfoo case of the noun:

In the marfoo case, the singular noun and the irregular noun
(singular or plural) both have a damma on the last letter. Example:

-

The masculine plural noun ends in a waw + nun in the marfoo
case. Example:

The dual noun ends in an alif + nun in the marfoo case. Example:

The feminine plural noun ends in a damma on the ending .


example:

If the noun is irregular (singular or plural,) it ends in a damma on the


last letter in the marfoo case.) example:
))

The mabny lil majhool sentence is a verbal sentence


. That is, it starts with a verb and not a noun. The verb
in this sort of sentence has its own form and the normal verb is not
used in the mabny lil majhool sentence.

The verb is known as fail mabny lil majhool ( verb


structured for the unknown) or fail mabny lil mafool
( verb structured for the object) and may be in the past tense
or present tense. Each tense has its own rules.

Rules for the past tense mabny lil majhool verb (fail maad mabny lil
majhool ) :

To make a past tense verb passive, use the following rule:

Place a damma on the first letter of the past tense verb and a kasra
on the letter before the last.

Use this rule for past tense verbs that dont begin with hamza-tul-
wasl.

Examples of past tense mabny lil majhool verbs:


asked , the normal verb is: he asked

Example passive sentence:



a question was asked.
(Normal i.e. active sentence:




- the man asked the
question.)

Note that in the passive sentence has a damma on it while in


the active sentence it has a fathha on it. this is because in the
passive sentence, is the subject of the sentence while in the
active sentence it is the object.

The subject of the passive sentence is known as the naib al faail


and is always marfoo like the because it takes the
place of the .

broke , the normal verb was ( with a fathha on the first


letter)

the glass was broken
(normal active sentence: the boy broke the glass.)

- opened
the door was opened.
Active sentence: - the student opened the door. As

you can see in this sentence, the object has a fathha on the last
letter because it is mansoob.

As you can see in the above examples, each of the passive past
tense verb has a damma on the first letter and a kasra on the letter
before the last letter of the verb. The last letter contains its normal
vowel, a fathha.

This is the form if the past tense doesnt start with the hamza-tul-
wasl.

If the past tense verb starts with hamza-tul-wasl, use the following
rule to make the passive verb:
Place a damma on the first and third letter of the past tense verb and
a kasra on the letter before the last letter.

Examples:
Passive verb - active verb
ostofhima istafhama
ostoghfira
istaghfira
Note: in the active verb, the first and third letter contain a damma
and the letter before the last contains a kasra.

Rules for present tense mabny lil majhool verb

To make the present tense verb passive, use the following rule:
Place a damma on the first letter of the present tense verb and a
fathha on the letter before the last.

Examples of some present tense mabny lil majhool verbs.


( The active form is: )
the question is asked
- (the active form is: )
the door is opened
( the active form is: )
- the food is eaten.

Hint: If you memorize an example of each type of verb, it will make


it easier for you to remember the rules for making the verb mabny lil
majhool.
As you can see, it is fairly easy to learn to make the passive
sentence. All you need to remember is that the object takes
the place of the subject, the doer is invisible, and the verb has
a special form. Making the passive form of the verb is easy if you
learn the rules and one example.
This is only an introduction to the passive verb and passive sentence.
Further in your studies you can learn more about these types of
sentences and use them in your speaking and writing.
Example sentences (Past Tense):
the lesson was studied.
The active verb is:

the building was built.
The active verb is:
the saying was heard.
The active verb is:

Example sentences (Present Tense):


the lesson is (being) studied.
the building is (being) built.

the talk is (being) listened to.

Note that in each of the passive sentences, the object has taken the
position of the doer and has become the subject of the sentence.
Therefore, it is marfoo and not mansoob. The subject of the passive
sentence is known as and is marfoo.

Practice tip make sentences using passive verbs

Revision:
Past Tense Verbs:
The first letter of the passive past tense verb contains a damma and
the letter before the last contains a kasra if it doesnt start with
hamza-tul wasl.
If a past tense verb starts with hamza tul wasl, then in the passive
form, the first and third letter of the verb contain a damma and the
letter before the last contains a kasra.

Present Tense Verbs:


The first letter of the present tense verb contains a damma and the
letter before the last contains a fathha.

Revision of hamza-tul wasl:


It is the hamza that is pronounced when you start the statement
with it but not if it comes in the middle of a statement. For example,
the hamza in reception - is pronounced if you start a
statement with it but isnt pronounced if a word precedes it. so if it
comes at the start of a statement, it would be pronounced istiqbaal.
But in the middle of a statement (for example
ghurfatu istiqbaal is pronounced as ghurfatustiqbaal.)
See Supplement 24 for more information.
Week 26 Introduction to the passive verb and passive sentences

(Introduction to the Mabny lil majhool verb and


the Mabny lil majhool sentence .)

The ( Mabny lil majhool verb) is the passive verb.


It is used in passive sentences. It has a special form and the normal
verb (active verb) is not used in passive sentences.

The mabny lil majhool verb can be in the past tense or the present
tense. Each tense has its own form and there are rules for making
each type of verb. The mabny lil majhool verb is also known as
mabny lil mafool verb.

The mabny lil majhool sentence.

The mabny lil majhool sentence (Sentence structured


for the unknown), is the passive sentence. It is also known as
mabny lil mafool sentence (Sentence structured for
the object).

As you may know, a passive sentence is a sentence in which the


object becomes the subject of the sentence. For example: the ball
was thrown
.

Unlike the English passive sentence where the doer may be


mentioned at the end of the sentence (as in the sentence: the ball
was thrown by someone), in Arabic, the doer is completely
invisible. The object, like in the English passive sentence, becomes
the subject of the sentence. In the Arabic passive sentence, the
object is called the naaib ul faail as it takes the place of
the faail ( doer) in the subject position. Therefore, like the faail,
the naib ul faail is also marfoo .

((Revision of the marfoo case of the noun:

In the marfoo case, the singular noun and the irregular noun
(singular or plural) both have a damma on the last letter. Example:

The masculine plural noun ends in a waw + nun in the marfoo


case. Example:

The dual noun ends in an alif + nun in the marfoo case. Example:

The feminine plural noun ends in a damma on the ending .


example:

If the noun is irregular (singular or plural,) it ends in a damma on the


last letter in the marfoo case.) example:
))
The mabny lil majhool sentence is a verbal sentence
. That is, it starts with a verb and not a noun. The verb
in this sort of sentence has its own form and the normal verb is not
used in the mabny lil majhool sentence.

The verb is known as fail mabny lil majhool ( verb


structured for the unknown) or fail mabny lil mafool
( verb structured for the object) and may be in the past tense
or present tense. Each tense has its own rules.

Rules for the past tense mabny lil majhool verb (fail maad mabny lil
majhool ) :

To make a past tense verb passive, use the following rule:

Place a damma on the first letter of the past tense verb and a kasra
on the letter before the last.

Use this rule for past tense verbs that dont begin with hamza-tul-
wasl.

Examples of past tense mabny lil majhool verbs:


asked , the normal verb is: he asked

Example passive sentence:



a question was asked.

(Normal i.e. active sentence:






- the man asked the
question.)

Note that in the passive sentence has a damma on it while in


the active sentence it has a fathha on it. this is because in the
passive sentence, is the subject of the sentence while in the
active sentence it is the object.

The subject of the passive sentence is known as the naib al faail


and is always marfoo like the because it takes the
place of the .
broke , the normal verb was ( with a fathha on the first
letter)

the glass was broken
(normal active sentence: the boy broke the glass.)

- opened
the door was opened.
Active sentence: - the student opened the door. As

you can see in this sentence, the object has a fathha on the last
letter because it is mansoob.

As you can see in the above examples, each of the passive past
tense verb has a damma on the first letter and a kasra on the letter
before the last letter of the verb. The last letter contains its normal
vowel, a fathha.

This is the form if the past tense doesnt start with the hamza-tul-
wasl.

If the past tense verb starts with hamza-tul-wasl, use the following
rule to make the passive verb:
Place a damma on the first and third letter of the past tense verb and
a kasra on the letter before the last letter.

Examples:
Passive verb - active verb
ostofhima istafhama
ostoghfira
istaghfira
Note: in the active verb, the first and third letter contain a damma
and the letter before the last contains a kasra.

Rules for present tense mabny lil majhool verb

To make the present tense verb passive, use the following rule:
Place a damma on the first letter of the present tense verb and a
fathha on the letter before the last.

Examples of some present tense mabny lil majhool verbs.


( The active form is:

)
the question is asked
- (the active form is: )

the door is opened
( the active form is: )
- the food is eaten.

Hint: If you memorize an example of each type of verb, it will make


it easier for you to remember the rules for making the verb mabny lil
majhool.
As you can see, it is fairly easy to learn to make the passive
sentence. All you need to remember is that the object takes
the place of the subject, the doer is invisible, and the verb has
a special form. Making the passive form of the verb is easy if you
learn the rules and one example.
This is only an introduction to the passive verb and passive sentence.
Further in your studies you can learn more about these types of
sentences and use them in your speaking and writing.
Example sentences (Past Tense):
the lesson was studied.
The active verb is:

the building was built.
The active verb is:
the saying was heard.
The active verb is:

Example sentences (Present Tense):


the lesson is (being) studied.
the building is (being) built.
the talk is (being) listened to.

Note that in each of the passive sentences, the object has taken the
position of the doer and has become the subject of the sentence.
Therefore, it is marfoo and not mansoob. The subject of the passive
sentence is known as and is marfoo.

Practice tip make sentences using passive verbs

Revision:
Past Tense Verbs:
The first letter of the passive past tense verb contains a damma and
the letter before the last contains a kasra if it doesnt start with
hamza-tul wasl.
If a past tense verb starts with hamza tul wasl, then in the passive
form, the first and third letter of the verb contain a damma and the
letter before the last contains a kasra.

Present Tense Verbs:


The first letter of the present tense verb contains a damma and the
letter before the last contains a fathha.

Revision of hamza-tul wasl:


It is the hamza that is pronounced when you start the statement
with it but not if it comes in the middle of a statement. For example,
the hamza in reception - is pronounced if you start a
statement with it but isnt pronounced if a word precedes it. so if it
comes at the start of a statement, it would be pronounced istiqbaal.
But in the middle of a statement (for example
ghurfatu istiqbaal is pronounced as ghurfatustiqbaal.)
See Supplement 24 for more information.