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Growing Malabar Neem (Melia Dubia).

Malabar Neem Farming Information Guide


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MalabarNeemFarmingInformationGuide:
The following article explains about Malabar Neem Farming in India.

Malabar Neem Farming.


Introduction :-Malabar Neem originates from the Meliaceae family and is an indigenous species of tree
to India, South East Asia and Australia, where it has been cultivated as a source of firewood. The tree can
be cultivated in all types of soil and requiring a low supply of water . Malabar Neem has the unique
feature of growing to 40 feet within 2 years from planting and can be mechanically pruned and harvested.
Malabar Neem is a specie belonging to the Neem family. This tree is known for its fast growth. In recent

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times the farmers around Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh & Kerala have found the utility of this
tree both as a low grade timber and also a very useful wood for ply wood industry. Under irrigated

conditions this tree can be harvested at the end of 5th year for both timber and ply wood purpose.

Other names of MalabarNeem :-Marathi kuriaput , Gujarathi Kadukajar; Telugu. Munnatikaraks ;

Tamil Malai vembu ; Kannada Hebbevtl, Karibvam ; Malayalam Malavembu ; Oriya Batra. It is also
called Melia Dubia.

Uses of Malabar Neem:-The wood is used for packing cases, cigar boxes, ceiling planks, building
purposes, agricultural implements, pencils, match boxes, splints and Kattamarams. In Ceylon, it is
employed for outriggers of boats. It is suitable for musical instruments, tea boxes and plyboard. It is a
good fuel wood (Calorific value, 5.043 5,176 cal.).

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The fruit of the plant is bitter. It is considered anthelmintic. It gives positive tests with alkaloid reagents.

Characteristics of Malabar Neem :-A height of 20.m with a spreading crown and a cylindrical straight
bole of 9 m length and 1.2 1.5 m girth. The bark is dark brown, exfoliating in thin, narrow strips with

broad, shallow, longitudinal cracks. Leaves bi-pinnate or occasionally tri-pinnate. Leaflets ovate

Lanceolate to ovate round, entire or crenulate; flowers greenish white, fragrant, intense panicles; fruit an
ovoid or ellipsoid drupe with 5 or less seeds.

Soil requirement for Malabar Neem Farming :- It grows on variety of soils .However deep fertile sandy

loam soils shows optimum growth, while shallow gravelly soils shows stunt growth. The tree is a light
demander, the seedling are suppressed under shade. Seedlings tolerate some frost but severe frost kills

them. It is susceptible to damage by fires and sapling suffers from browsing.

Propagation inMalabar Neem Farming :-It can be raised either by direct sowing or planting in nursery
for raising seedlings or stumps. Direct sowing is recorded to give poorer results than planting of

samplings or stumps; the latter is considered the best.

Seed treatment in Malabar Neem Farming :-Seeds are collected from ripened fruits (Jan Feb) by
rubbing, washing and drying and are stored in sealed tins. The germinability of the seed is less than 25%.

In nursery, the seeds are sown in raised nursery beds. The best seed treatment is treating the seeds with
cowdung solution for one day. Then the treated seeds are sown over the raised nursery bed. It takes one

or two months for the seeds to germinate. Irrigation should be done regularly. The seedling takes 6

months to complete its nursery stage.



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Malabar Neem Seeds.


Spacing in Malabar Neem Farming :-Six to nine months old seedlings can be planted at an espacement

of 3 X 3m or 3 X 4m. Annual pruning is done to get the straight cylindrical boles.

Irrigation in Malabar Neem Farming :-The tree responds well to irrigation at once in every 10 15 days

during non rainy season.

Fertilizer requirements in Malabar Neem Farming :-Application of N, P, K mixture of 25 -50 g per tree,

two times in a year help to augment the growth. The fertilizer requirements can be scheduled on need
basis depending on the growth and development of the tree.

Insects and Pest in Malabar Farming :-Defoliators, leaf miners and sap suckers are recorded along with

several wood borers. Ganoderma lucidum causes root rot in high rainfall areas and Corticium
salmonicolor causes stem and twig canker.

Malabar Neem wood characteristics :-The sapwood is greyish white; heartwood light pink to light red

turning pale russet brown on ageing. It is lustrous with dry feel, very light (spl gr- 0.33; wt 21 Ib. /cu ft.)
straight grained and coarse and somewhat uneven textured. The timber is not durable in exposed

positions but moderately so under cover. It is not so strong and durable as neem. It seasons well if logs
are converted in a green state. If left long, the log is liable to develop end splitting and discolouration.

The best method of dealing with the timber is to convert the logs immediately after felling and to open

stack sawn material, preferably under cover, to avoid grey stain.

Malabar Plantation.
Marketing of Malabar Neem :-The malabar neem wood can be sold for match and veneer industry. The
tree with the minimum size of 16inches girth is saleable at the minimum rate of Rs 2000 per tonne for

match industry and for veneer industry, the market rate is little higher.


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Bottom Line:- Malabar Neem Farming is picking up due to its fast growth and huge demand for this
wood. Huge Profits are achievable in shorter periods.

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For Malabar Neem Project Report or Cost and Profit details : Click here.

Are you also interested in Sheep or Goat Farming: Click Here.

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