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Rendering date: 2017-06-16 09:19:07

http://conductivity-app.org

CuCr1Zr
UNS:C18150
EN:CW106C

Manufactures list:
Aurubis (http://www.aurubis.com/en/) - CuCrZr(LCZ1)
Freeport McMoRan Copper & Gold (http://www.fcx.com/) - CuCr1Zr class2
KM Europa Metal AG (http://www.kme.com/) - CuCr1Zr(STOL95)
Luvata (http://www.luvata.com/) - CuCr1Zr
Wieland-Werke AG (http://www.wieland.de/) - CuCr1Zr(KA8)

CuCr1Zr is a precipitation hardening copper alloy. It has high mechanical and electrical
properties. In the heat treated condition, this alloy retains the mechanical properties and
good ductility within the temperature of 300-500oC.

1
Basic properties
Basic properties Value Comments
Density [g/cm3] 8,9
Specific heat capacity
380
[J/(kg*K)]
Temperature coefficient of
electrical resistance (0...100C)
No data
[10-3/K]
Electrical conductivity [T=20C,
76-90 (44-52 MS/m)
(% IACS)]
Thermal conductivity
320
[W/(m*K)]
Thermal expansion coefficient
17
20...300C [10-6/K]
[Ref: 201, 203, 205, 207, 644]

2
Applications

Main applications

Resistance welding tips, electrode caps for the automotive industry, tong arms for
welding robots, electrode holders, press parts, overhead contact wires for electric
railway, damper rings, damper finger segments. Literature: [Ref: 188, 205]

Kinds of semi-finished products/final products

Resistance welding tips and electrodes, parts for the energy engineering, damper finger
segments, damper rings, connectors, rotors, contacts.

3
Chemical composition
Chemical composition Value Comments
Cr [wt.%] 0,5-1,2
Cu [wt.%] 98,12-99,27 Calculated
Fe [wt.%] 0-0,08
Si [wt.%] 0-0,1
Zr [wt.%] 0,03-0,3
Others [wt.%] 0,2
[Ref: 570]

4
Mechanical properties
Mechanical properties Value Comments
UTS [MPa] 200-640
YS [MPa] 60-570
Elongation [%] 8-30
Hardness 152 HB
Youngs modulus [GPa] 128
Kirchhoffs modulus [GPa] 49,2 Calculated
Poisson ratio 0,3
[Ref: 644]

Material's mechanical and electrical properties in different tempers

Tensile Yield Elongation


Temper strength, strength (min) Hardness Literature
MPa (min), MPa A50mm
Extruded and 82 (Rockwell
drown rod 10- 520 466 20 B) [Ref: 205]
15mm 152 (Brinell)
Extruded and 72 (Rockwell
drown rod 50- 465 410 18 B) [Ref: 206]
120mm 125 (Brinell)
Extruded and
125-155
drown
(HB10)
rectangular 370-470 270-440 8-18 (A5) [Ref: 205]
72-83 Rockwell
and square
B
bars
Welding
electrodes 100-140
[Ref: 196]
(drown, (HV30)
forged)
Drawn rod and
455 425 19 75 Rockwell B [Ref: 207]
bar
Round bar
min.200 60 min. 30 (A%) [Ref: 203]
R200
Round and
hexagonal bar min. 440 350 min. 10 (A%) [Ref: 203]
R440
Round bar
min. 470 380 min. 8 (A%) [Ref: 203]
R470
Square bar
min. 420 330 min. 12 (A%) [Ref: 203]
R420
Cast C18100 min. 415 min. 345 25 [Ref: 208]
TL02 wire
469 400 19 [Ref: 210]
15,2mm diam
TL02 wire
469 338 15 [Ref: 210]
17,8mm diam
TL04 wire
469 455 15 [Ref: 210]
12,7mm diam
TL04 wire
469 434 20 [Ref: 210]
15,2mm diam

5
Sheet, solution
heat treated,
370 270 12 (A10) 125 HB DIN 17670-1
artificially aged
3-100mm
Sheet, solution
heat treated,
440 390 10 (A10) 145 HB DIN 17670-1
artificially aged
0.3-10mm
Sheet, solution
heat treated,
360 310 10 (A10) 115 HB DIN 17670-1
strai-hardened
0.3-10mm
Tubes, solution
heat treated,
370 270 18(A5) 125 HB DIN 17670-1
artificially aged
1-10mm
Tubes, solution
heat treated,
strain-
440 350 10 (A5) 145 HB DIN 17670-1
hardened,
artificially aged
1-10mm
Forging
solution heat
treated, 410 290 10 (A5) 115 HB DIN 17673-1,
artificially aged
<315mm
Forging
solution heat
treated, 340 270 15 (A5) 100 HB DIN 17673-1
artificially aged
>315mm
Forging
solution heat
370 270 15 (A5) 125 HB DIN 17674-1
treated,
artificially aged
Forging
solution heat
440 370 10 (A5) 140 HB DIN 17674-1
treated,
artificially aged

Effect of heat treatments on tensile properties of CuCrZr alloy at different temperature

Test Tensile Yield Uniform Total


Temper of
temperature, strength, strength elongation elongation Literature
CuCr1Zr o
C MPa (min), MPa eu (%) et (%)

6
The alloy 50 364-416 260-295 20-24 24-30
was solution
annealed at
960oC for 3
hours,
water
300 240-250 304-328 15-18 19-27
quenched
and heat
treated at
[Ref: 202,
460oC for 3
214]
hours PA
50 318 200 26 30
HT1:PA+600
o
C for 1 300 227-255 150-180 17-19 21-24
hour
50 289-307 165-175 24-34 32-41
HT2:PA+600
o
C for 4 300 201-218 120-135 22-25 28-36
hour
Solutionised
at 1000oC
for 1 hour
water
450 190 140 25 37 [Ref: 185]
quenched
and aged at
480oC for 5
hour
20 277 98,4 36,9
100 239 72,7 45,8
150 230 83 42,8
200 211 78,7 39,7
Solutionised 250 207 75,4 42,1
at 950oC for 300 204 69,6 41,9
1 hour 350 220 66,7 32,6 [Ref: 200]
water 400 249 141 35
quenched 500 166 139 28,4
550 109 106 18,7
600 140 131 18,5
650 67,3 64,4 23,9
700 68,5 64,9 43,5

Mechanical properties of CuCrZr alloys under different conditions [Ref: 636]

Variation of the relative density, hardness and electrical conductivity of the test materials
as a function of process (C u-C r-Z r alloy synthesized with the powder metallurgy
technique) [Ref: 640]

7
Electrical conductivity is strongly influenced by chemical composition. A high level of cold
deformation and small grain size decrease the electrical conductivity moderately.
Minimum conductivity level can be specified [Ref: 641]

Combinations of the electrical conductivity and tensile strength of the LNT-DPD and QSC-
DPD CuCrZr alloys in comparison with that of the reported age-hardened CuCrZr alloys
[Ref: 643]

8
True stress-true strain curves for the solutionised (at 1000C for 1 hour and water
quenched) plus aged (at 480C for 5 hour) - at room temperature (RT) and 450C [Ref:
185]

Ultimate tensile strength (Su) and yield strength (Sy) of CuCrZr alloy in SAcwA condition
and minimum tensile strengths. Data points are from the ITER MPH database. (Note:
SAcwA -solution annealing at 980-1000C for 30-60 min, water quench, followed by cold
working 40-70% and ageing at 450-470C, for 2-4 h) [Ref: 189]

9
Ultimate tensile strength (Su) and yield strength (Sy) of CuCrZr alloy in SAA condition
and minimum tensile strengths. Data points are from the ITER MPH database. (Note:
SAA - solution annealing at 980-1000C for 30-60 min., water quench and age at 460-
500C for 2-4 h) [Ref: 189]

Temperature effect on the yield strength of Cu-Cr-Zr alloys [Ref: 226]

10
Resistivity vs. temperature plot for solutionised (1000C for 1 hour and quenched Cu-Cr-
Zr alloy (heating and cooling 2C/min) [Ref: 185]

Thermal conductivity and specific heat of a CuCr1Zr alloy and pure copper.[Ref: 211]

11
Change in thermophysical properties (a-thermal conductivity, b- thermal expansion
coefficient) with temperature of the Cu0.63Cr0.55Zr alloy [Ref: 215]

12
Thermal diffusivity vs. temperature of CuCrZr [Ref: 639]

Thermal conductivity of CuCrZr, Cu and Bronze [Ref: 642]

13
Effect of prior cold deformation and aging temperature on hardness and
electrical conductivity of Cu-Cr-Zr [Ref: 219]

14
Exploitation properties

Heat resistance

Mechanical and electrical properties vs temperatures

Softening point: 480C [Ref: 207]

Vickers hardness dependent on the annealing temperature for


Cu0.4Cr0.12Zr0.02Si0.05Mg drawn to = 6.0 (true strain). Time ofannealing 1 h. [Ref:
194]

Heat flow difference of two consecutive runs at 20 C/min for


Cu0.4Cr0.12Zr0.02Si0.05Mg drawn to = 6.0. [Ref: 194]

15
The measured flow stress dependent on the annealing temperature for
Cu0.4Cr0.12Zr0.02Si0.05Mg. Time ofannealing 1 h. [Ref: 194]

Resistivity and dislocation density dependent on annealing temperature for the tested
Cu0.4Cr0.12Zr0.02Si0.05Mg Time of annealing 1 h. [Ref: 194]

16
Hardness at 20C as a function of annealing temperature (1 hour) of as-extruded alloys
(Cu0.2Zr - ZA-2, Cu0.37Zr - ZA-3, Cu0.8Zr - ZA-8 and Cu0.32Cr0.1Zr - ZAC-1). [Ref:
175]

Tensile strength vs. temperature of annealingfor CuCrZr [Ref: 212]

17
Engineering stress-strain curves of cu-cr-zr alloy at room temperature, 200C, 300C,
400C, 500C, 600C [Ref: 635]

The tensile strength and the elongation of Cu-Cr-Zr alloys at different temperatures [Ref:
635]

18
The hardness of Cu-Cr-Zr alloys at different temperatures [Ref: 635]

After short time heat treatment Vickers Hardness is measured [Ref: 641]

19
Room temperature hardness as a function of annealing temperature. Material at hard
(aged) temper [Ref: 622]

Long-therm heat resistance, e.g. Arrhenius curve


NO DATA AVAILABLE

Half- softening temperature


NO DATA AVAILABLE

Corrosion resistance

Hydrogen embrittlement resistance


NO DATA AVAILABLE

Other kind of corrosion elements

Corrosion parameters of Cu1.4Cr0.12Zr, in the solutions at various pH without and with


NaCl. [Ref: 188]

Without NaCl 0,6 M NaCl


Reaction Icorr, Ipass, Icorr, Ipass,
OCP, V Epit, V OCP, V Epit, V
A/cm2 A/cm2 A/cm2 A/cm2
pH1 -0,11 0,046 - - -0,29 2,025 - -
pH3 -0,05 0,084 - - -0,27 0,420 - -
pH5 0,05 0,034 - - -0,23 0,139 - -
pH7 -0,05 0,039 0,18 - -0,19 0,043 - -
pH10 -0,04 0,058 0,25 1,7 -0,21 0,121 - -
pH12 -0,12 0,131 0,50 10,0 -0,24 0,129 0,53 20

20
Plot of OCP vs time (a) and potentiodynamic polarization curves (b) of various copper-
based alloys in 3.5% NaCl at 23C.
(Note: Cu: hard-drawn, Copper alloys- age hardened) [Ref: 216].

21
Weight-loss of specimens exposed in NaCl solution atmosphere of Cu0.36Cr, Cu,
Cu0.36Cr0.11Zr , CuZr0.15, (Note: NaCl atmospheric corrosion test in salt spray
chamber (in salt mist of 50 g NaCl/l) in the temperature of 35C, in accordance with ISO
3768-1976 standard) [Ref: 225].

Type of corrosion Suitability Literature


Atmospheric Good [Ref: 212]
Marine environment Good [Ref: 212]
Stress crack No data -
Hydrogen embrittlement Good [Ref: 212]
Electrolytic No data -
Other No data -

Rheological resistance

Stress relaxation
NO DATA AVAILABLE

Creep

22
Creep strength in time function of CuCrZr alloy for different temperatures [Ref: 212]

Ultimate elongation in time function of CuCrZr alloy for different temperatures [Ref: 212]

23
Stress-rupture plot for CuCr0,32Zr0,1 at 400C and 650C - powder metallurgical alloy
[Ref: 175]

Steady-state thermal creep laws for copper alloys [Ref: 226]

24
Creep strain from test data and creep laws for Cu-Ni-Be, Cu-Cr- Zr and Cu-Ag-P [Ref:
226]

25
Stress relaxation is tested with cantilever bending test equipment. This method is taking
short time relaxation into account. So that the values achieved are very realistic, while
other test methods like tube test pretend better properties from the achieved values.
Relaxation values give an indication about stress relieve of strip under tension for a
certain time and temperature. As it is measured on plain strip. The behaviour of
deformed parts may differ. Nevertheless the ratio between the different tempers remains
the same. Typical test sample thickness is 0.3 - 0.6 mm [Ref: 641].

Wear resistance

Friction resistance

26
Wear mass loss of the CuCrZr alloy pins with sliding distance at electrical current of 30 A
(Note: Examinations of the influence of the heat treatment parameters of the CuCrZr
alloy on abrasion in conditions of current passage were carried out on supersaturated
rods that have been previously hold at the temperature of 920C for 0.5 hour. Next, it
was subject to aging for 2 hours within the temperatures of 420 - 540C and cooled in
the air. Examinations were performed on a pin-on-disk wear tester with the CuCrZr alloy
pin rubbin against a brass disk (Vickers hardness 83, 45mm diameter and 10 mm
thickness). Abrasion examinations were performed at the velocity of 14 m/s and loading
of 20 N (pressure: 0.2 MPa). Passing current value was between 0 to 30 A at the voltage
og 70 V. Samples surfaces were polished (before abrasion) with abrasive paper with its
gradation value of 800 [Ref: 190].

Wear mass loss of the brass disk rubbing against the CuCr1Zr alloy pins with sliding
distance at electrical current of 30 A [Ref: 190].

27
Plots of cumulative volume loss vs time for copper and its alloys under 20 N at (a) 0 A,
(b) 30 A and (c) 50 A. (Note: Cu-wire cold drawn, copper alloys - age hardened.
Examinations were performed by pin-on-disc tribometer. The negative sample was the
S30400 disc made of stainless steel. Examinations were carried out in an air atmosphere
with the velocity of 31 km/h and under loading of 10 - 20 N on a roll sample at the
diameter of 13 mm and length of 13 mm) [Ref: 216].

28
Plots of cumulative volume loss vs time for copper and its alloys under load of (a) 10 N
and (b) 15 N at 50 A. (Note: Cu-wire cold drawn, copper alloys - age hardened).
Examinations were performed by pin-on-disc tribometer. The negative sample was the
S30400 disc made of stainless steel. Examinations were carried out in an air atmosphere
with the velocity of 31 km/h and under loading of 10 - 20 N on a roll sample at the
diameter of 13 mm and length of 13 mm) [Ref: 216].

29
Sliding wear resistance for copper and its alloys under 20 N with and without current.
(Note: Cu-wire cold drawn, copper alloys - age hardened. Examinations were performed
by pin-on-disc tribometer. The negative sample was the S30400 disc made of stainless
steel. Examinations were carried out in an air atmosphere with the velocity of 31 km/h
and under loading of 10 - 20 N on a roll sample at the diameter of 13 mm and length of
13 mm) [Ref: 216].

Sliding wear resistance vs. hardness for various alloys under 20 N with and without
current. (Note: Cu-wire cold drawn, copper alloys - age hardened. Examinations were
performed by pin-on-disc tribometer. The negative sample was the S30400 disc made of
stainless steel. Examinations were carried out in an air atmosphere with the velocity of
31 km/h and under loading of 10 - 20 N on a roll sample at the diameter of 13 mm and
length of 13 mm) [Ref: 216].

30
Plots of wear rate vs load for copper and its alloys at (a) 0 A, (b) 30 A and (c) 50 A.
(Note: Cu-wire cold drawn, copper alloys - age hardened. Examinations were performed
by pin-on-disc tribometer. The negative sample was the S30400 disc made of stainless
steel. Examinations were carried out in an air atmosphere with the velocity of 31 km/h
and under loading of 10 - 20 N on a roll sample at the diameter of 13 mm and length of
13 mm) [Ref: 216].

31
Plots of wear rate vs current for copper and its alloys under (a) 10 N, (b) 15 N and (c) 20
N. (Note: Cu-wire cold drawn, copper alloys - age hardened. Examinations were
performed by pin-on-disc tribometer. The negative sample was the S30400 disc made of
stainless steel. Examinations were carried out in an air atmosphere with the velocity of
31 km/h and under loading of 10 - 20 N on a roll sample at the diameter of 13 mm and
length of 13 mm) [Ref: 216].

32
Fatigue resistance

Fatigue cracking

Variation of number of cycles to failure with stress amplitude determined using load
controlled creep-fatigue tests carried out at 295 K and 573 K with different holdtimes on
prime aged (PA) CuCrZr. (Note: The alloy was solution annealed at 960C for 3 hours,
water quenched and heat treated at 460C for 3 hours PA, HT1:PA+600C for 1 hour,
HT2:PA+600C for 4 hour) [Ref: 214]

Variation of number of cycles to failure with stress amplitude determined using load
controlled creep-fatigue tests carried out at 295 K and 573 K with different holdtimes for

33
the overaged (HT1) CuCrZr alloy. (Note: The alloy was solution annealed at 960C for 3
hours, water quenched and heat treated at 460C for 3 hours PA, HT1:PA+600C for 1
hour, HT2:PA+600C for 4 hour) [Ref: 214].

Variation of number of cycles to failure with stress amplitude determined using load
controlled creep-fatigue tests carried out at 295 K and 573 K with different holdtimes for
the overaged (HT2) CuCrZr alloy. (Note: The alloy was solution annealed at 960C for 3
hours, water quenched and heat treated at 460C for 3 hours PA, HT1:PA+600C for 1
hour, HT2:PA+600C for 4 hour) [Ref: 214].

Temperature effect on the fatigue lifetime of Cu-Cr-Zr [Ref: 226]

34
Stress amplitude vs. number of cycles to failure of Cu-Cr-Zr alloys in comparison with
conventionally produced Cu-based tempers [Ref: 638]

Impact strength
NO DATA AVAILABLE

35
Fabrication properties
Fabrication properties Value Comments Literature
Soldering Good [Ref: 210]
Brazing Fair [Ref: 210]
Hot dip tinning Good [Ref: 212]
Electrolytic tinning Good [Ref: 212]
Electrolytic silvering Good [Ref: 212]
Electrolytic nickel coating Good [Ref: 212]
Not
Oxyacetylene Welding [Ref: 212]
recommended
Gas Shielded Arc Welding Fair [Ref: 210]
Coated Metal Arc Welding Fair [Ref: 212]
Resistance welding Fair [Ref: 210]
Capacity for Being Cold Worked Good [Ref: 212]
Capacity for Being Hot Formed Good [Ref: 212]
Machinability Rating 20 [Ref: 268]

36
Influence of aging on the properties of CuCrZr alloy water quenched: hardness (a),
electrical conductivity (b), YS (c), UTS (d), TE (e) and RA (f).
(Solution annealing at 950C for 30 min) [Ref: 186]

37
Influence of aging on the properties of CuCrZr alloy air cooled: hardness (a), electrical
conductivity (b), YS (c), UTS (d) TE (e) and RA (f).
(Solution annealing at 950C for 30 min) [Ref: 186]

38
Variation of hardness and electrical conductivity of the CuCrZr alloy with aging
temperature.
(sample was solution treated at 920C for 0,5 hour ) [Ref: 190]

Electrical conductivity (IACS %) values of CuCrZr according to ageing temperature and


period. (Note: CuCrZr alloy samples were quenched after holding at the temperature of
920C for 1 hour in an argon atmosphere. Such samples were aged within the
temperatures range of 470-530C within the time limits of 1, 2 and 3 hours and then
cooled [Ref: 220]

Electrical conductivity,
Aging temperature, oC Aging time, h
%IACS
470 1 68,7
470 2 72
470 3 76,5
500 1 72,26
500 2 75,26
500 3 80,79
530 1 77,03
530 2 79,6
530 3 89

39
Influence of D1 and D2 and ageing parameters of CuCrZr on Rm. a. 400C for 6 h, b.
450C for 6 h, c. 450C for 3 h and d. 500C for 3 h. (Note: Supersaturated feed was
deformed at the deformation level of 10% - 50% (D1) and aged within the temperatures
range of 400-500C in time limits of 3 to 6 hours. Next, it was drawn with deformation of
10-50% (D2) onto the final diameter of 2 mm) [Ref: 198]

40
Influence of D1 and D2 and ageing parameters of CuCrZr on A200. a. 400C for 6 h, b.
450C for 6 h, c. 450C for 3 h and d. 500C for 3 h. (Note: Supersaturated feed was
deformed at the deformation level of 10% - 50% (D1) and aged within the temperatures
range of 400-500C in time limits of 3 to 6 hours. Next, it was drawn with deformation of
10-50% (D2) onto the final diameter of 2 mm) [Ref: 198]

41
Influence of D1 and D2 and ageing parameters of CuCrZr on electrical conductivity
(IACS). a. 400C for 6 h, b. 450C for 6 h, c. 450C for 3 h and d. 500C for 3 h. (Note:
Supersaturated feed was deformed at the deformation level of 10% - 50% (D1) and aged
within the temperatures range of 400-500C in time limits of 3 to 6 hours. Next, it was
drawn with deformation of 10-50% (D2) onto the final diameter of 2 mm) [Ref: 198]

42
The effect of aging temperature on the yield strength of the CuCrZr alloy cooled with
different cooling rates: tested at (a) room temperature and (b) 250 [Ref: 637].

43
Vickers microhardness HV (a) and electric conductivity (b) of ultrafine grain Cu-Cr-Zr a
lloys as a function of aging temperature (aging time is of 1 h) [Ref: 638]

44
Aging temperature effect on: (a) the hardness and (b) conductivity of the 80% cold
rolled Cu-Cr-Zr-Ce alloy [Ref: 639]

45
Cold deformation effect on: (a) the hardness and (b) conductivity of the Cu-Cr-Zr-Ce
alloy aged at 300 C [Ref: 639]

46
Variation of hardness and electrical conductivity of aged samples as a function of aging
temperature
and aging time [Ref: 645]

47
Bending test according to EN ISO 7438 is done with 10 mm wide samples. Smaller
samples in general - as well as lower thickness - allow a lower bending radius without
cracks. If needed we supply bending optimized temper classes that far exceed standard
quality. Please take care when comparing with ASTM E 290 results, there the bend
definition direction is contradictory [Ref: 641]

48
Microhardness of the ribbon after aged at various temperatures for different time [Ref:
647]

Conductivity of the ribbon after aged at various temperatures for different time [Ref: 647
]

49
Technological properties
Technological properties Value Comments Literature
Melting temperature [C] 1070-1080 [Ref: 212]
Annealling temperature [C] 600-800 [Ref: 212]
Homogenization temperature [Ref: 185, 186
950-1000 30-45min.
[C] , 212]
[Ref: 185, 186
Quenching temperature [C] 950-1000
, 189]
[Ref: 185, 186
Ageing temperature [C] 425-550 2-5h
, 189, 212]
Stress relievieng temperature
300-350 [Ref: 212]
[C]
Hot working temperature [C] 850-950 [Ref: 212]

50
References:
175. Cu-Zr and Cu-Zr-Cr alloys produced from rapidly quenched powders -
V.K.Sarin, N.J.Grant, Metallurgical Transactions vol.3, april 1972-875

185. Microstructure and properties of a Cu-Cr-Zr alloy - I.S. Batra, G.K.Dey,


U.D.Kulkarni, S.Banerjee, Journal of Nuclear Materials 299 (2001) 91-100

186. Effect of heat treatments on the properties of CuCrZr alloys - A.D. Ivanov,
A.K. Nikolaev, G.M. Kalinin, M.E. Rodin, Journal of Nuclear Materials 307311 (2002)
673676

188. Effect of pH on corrosion behavior of CuCrZr in solution without and with


NaCl - C.T. Kwok, P.K. Wong, H.C. Man, F.T. Cheng, Journal of Nuclear Materials 394
(2009) 5262

189. Specification of CuCrZr alloy properties after various thermo-mechanical


treatments and design allowables including neutron irradiation effects - V.R.
Barabash a,?, G.M. Kalinin b, S.A. Fabritsiev c, S.J. Zinkle, Journal of Nuclear Materials
417 (2011) 904907

190. Effect of aging treatment on the electrical sliding wear behavior of


CuCrZr alloy - J.P. Tu, W.X. Qi, Y.Z. Yang, F. Liua, J.T. Zhang, G.Y. Gan, N.Y. Wang,
X.B. Zhang, M.S. Liu, Wear 249 (2002) 10211027

194. Thermal stability of heavily drawn Cu0.4 wt.%Cr0.12 wt.%Zr0.02


wt.%Si0.05 wt.%Mg - X.F. Li, A.P. Dong, L.T. Wang, Z. Yu, L. Meng, Journal of Alloys
and Compounds 509 (2011) 40924097

196. Deformation influence on a lifetime of welding electrode tips - Jan Vinas,


Milan Abel, Lubos Kascak, Materials Engineering, Vol. 16, 2009, No. 3

198. Effect of thermomechanical treatment on mechanical properties and


electrical conductivity of a CuCrZr alloy - G DURASHEVICH*, V CVETKOVSKI and V
JOVANOVICH, Bull. Mater. Sci., Vol. 25, No. 1, February 2002

200. The influence of the temperature of tensile test on the structure and plastic
properties of copper alloy type CuCr1Zr - W.Ozgowicz, E.Kalinowska-Ozgowicz,
B.Grzegorczyk, Journal of Achievements in Materials and Manufacturing Engineering, vol.
29, Issue 2, august 2008

201. Technical Data Sheet AMPCOLOY 972 (Extruded and drawn rectangular
and square bars) - Ampco Metal Excellence in Engineered alloys -
www.ampcometal.com

202. Effect of Heat Treatments on Precipitate Microstructure and Mechanical


Properties of CuCrZr Alloy - B.N. Singh, D.J. Edwards and S. Thtinen, Raport Riso R-
1436(EN) ISSN 0106-2840

203. Data sheet - CuCr1Zr - FRW Carobronze

205. Ampco Metal AMPCOLOY_972 Chromium-Copper Alloy, Extruded and Drawn


Rods, 10 - 25 mm - www.MatWeb.com

206. Ampco Metal AMPCOLOY_972 Chromium-Copper Alloy, Extruded and Drawn


Rods, 50 - 120 mm - www.MatWeb.com

207. CMW__328 Copper Alloy - www.MatWeb.com

51
208. MetalTek C18100 Chrome Zirc Copper High Conductive - www.MatWeb.com

210. Copper Zirconium alloys - Lars Bergqvist-Technical Raport 2/2011 Lesjofors

211. Determination of the thermophysical properties of a CuCr1Zr alloy from


liquid state down to room temperature - J. Wisniewski1, J.-M. Drezet, D. Ayrault, B.
Cauwe

212. CuCr1Zr - Deutsches Kupferinstitut

214. Creep-Fatigue Deformation Behaviour of OFHC-Copper and CuCrZr Alloy


with Different Heat Treatments and with and without Neutron Irradiation - B.N.
Singh, M. Li, J.F. Stubbins and B.S. Johansen, Raport Riso R-1528 (EN) ISSN 0106-2840

215. Thermal fatigue testing of CuCrZr alloy for high temperature tooling
applications - Yucel Birol, J Mater Sci (2010) 45:45014506

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