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PROJECT DESIGN MEMORANDUM

AIPL-HUNAN ALLONWARD JV 3 x 1.62 MW GERESHK HPP


PERIMETER WALL (RIGHT WALL)

OWNER : DA AFGHANISTAN BRESHNA SHERKAT


CONSULTANT : HILL INTERNATIONAL
CONTRACTOR: AIPL-HUNAN ALLONWARD JV
REHABILITATION OF GERESHK HPP (3 x 1.62 MW)
Drawn M Gaur
Checked AK Roy
Approved GKM

Rev. Modifications Date Checked Date Approved


MFF 0026 Energy Sector Development Investment Program Project No. 3
Gereshk Electricity Services Improvement Project
PLANT: 3 x 1.62 MW GERESHK HYDRO POWER PLANT Contract ICB No.
ICB-DABS/Gereshk HPP 012/2010

Docket No. AIPL-GSK-PDM (PW-RH)-01


No. of Pages 32 Rev.
PROJECT DESIGN MEMORANDUM FOR PERIMETER WALL (RIGHT BANK)
01
THIS DOCUMENT IS A PROPERTY OF AIPL-HUNAN ALLONWARD JV AND MUST NEITHER BE COPIED NOR USED IN ANY WAY OTHER THAN
OFFICIAL USE WITHOUT THE WRITTEN CONSENT OF AIPL-HUNAN ALLONWARD JV. NEITHER IT IS TO BE HANDED OEVR NOR COMMUNICTED
TO ANY THIRD PARTY. INFRIGMENT WILL LEAD TO PROSECUTION. OBSERVE THE PROTECTION ISSUE ISO 16016.
PROJECT DESIGN MEMORANDUM
AIPL-HUNAN ALLONWARD JV 3 x 1.62 MW GERESHK HPP
PERIMETER WALL (RIGHT WALL)
PROJECT DESIGN MEMORANDUM
AIPL-HUNAN ALLONWARD JV 3 x 1.62 MW GERESHK HPP
PERIMETER WALL (RIGHT WALL)

PROJECT DESIGN MEMORANDUM

For

PERIMETER WALL (RIGHT BANK)

For

REHABILITATION OF GERESHK HYDRO POWER PLANT

HELMAND PROVINCE

AFGHANISTAN

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PROJECT DESIGN MEMORANDUM
AIPL-HUNAN ALLONWARD JV 3 x 1.62 MW GERESHK HPP
PERIMETER WALL (RIGHT WALL)

INDEX
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY........................................................................................................................ 5

INTRODUCTION.................................................................................................................................... 8

DESIGN BASIS..................................................................................................................................... 10

CODES AND STANDARDS................................................................................................................................... 10

WIND ACTIONS................................................................................................................................................ 10

BASIC WIND VELOCITY...................................................................................................................................... 11

MEAN WIND VELOCITY..................................................................................................................................... 11

WIND TURBULENCE.......................................................................................................................................... 13

PEAK VELOCITY PRESSURE................................................................................................................................ 14

WIND PRESSURE ON SURFACES........................................................................................................................ 16

CALCULATING WIND FORCES............................................................................................................................ 16

ALLOWABLE BEARING PRESSURE...................................................................................................................... 18

DESIGN CACULATIONS..................................................................................................................... 20

DESIGN OF WALL PANEL................................................................................................................................... 20

DESIGN OF FOUNDATION.................................................................................................................................. 24

FINAL SHAPE OF PERIMETER WALL............................................................................................ 26

DRAWINGS FOR RIGHT BANK PERIMETER WALL...................................................................28

PHOTOGRAPHS AND FIGURES FOR RIGHT BANK PERIMETER WALL..............................30

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PROJECT DESIGN MEMORANDUM
AIPL-HUNAN ALLONWARD JV 3 x 1.62 MW GERESHK HPP
PERIMETER WALL (RIGHT WALL)

CHAPTER 1

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

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PROJECT DESIGN MEMORANDUM
AIPL-HUNAN ALLONWARD JV 3 x 1.62 MW GERESHK HPP
PERIMETER WALL (RIGHT WALL)

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

General: Gereshk town is situated in Helmand Province in South-Western Afghanistan.


Electrical power supply to the town and some of the adjoining villages is predominately
supplied from Gereshk Hydro Power Project (HPP). HPP constructed on Boghra Irrigation Canal
is located at about 2.5 km north-east of Gereshk District Business Centre, Gereshk Town on
Kandahar-Herat National Highway. HPP coordinates are 31o4936N Latitude and 64o3530E
Longitude at EL 826.

Boghra Irrigation Canal draws water from Helmand River at a gated Diversion Structure 4.35 km
upstream of the HPP. River catchment area at this location is about 58,00 km 2. The source of
Helmand River and its tributaries rests in Hindu Kush Mountains of Afghanistan. Canal runs past
but outside of the Gereshk town.

HPP has installed generation capacity of 2.4 MW from two Turbine units. HPP has a spare
available bay for third unit. It is understood that HPP is not generating to its full installed
capacity.

HPP was designed in late 1940 and constructed in the 1950s to American Code of Pracitice.
Construction was completed in July 1958. Plant was run at partial output from 1961 to 1964
due frequent breakdown and teething troubles but was eventually made fully operational and
commissioned in 1965. Subsequently, also the Plant could not be run continuously and was
damaged in 1973 due to armed conflict with Mujahedeen. Damage is evident even today. Plant
remained shut down from 1973 to 1993. Plant was repaired under the resources of the local
population and has remained operational since, but at a much reduced power output than its
installed capacity. Project can be approached by roads at both banks of Boghra Canal and is
connected to Kabul Herat National Highway.

Gereshk town has an independent island electrical grid operating at 3.3 kV. Due to failure
synchronization equipment in the Plant, the distribution network has been split in to two, with
each generator feeding to one part of the grid.

Ministry of Energy and Water (MEW), Government of Islamic Republic of Afghanistan has
decided to rehabilitate HPP so as to fully utilize the water available in the Canal and meet the
increased requirement of electrical energy in the area. Funds for rehabilitation of HPP are being
provided by UK Department for International Development (DFIR), Danish Government and
Asian Development Bank. It is understood that associated power distribution network will also
be upgraded.

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PROJECT DESIGN MEMORANDUM
AIPL-HUNAN ALLONWARD JV 3 x 1.62 MW GERESHK HPP
PERIMETER WALL (RIGHT WALL)

Geology and Seismicity: Review of the available Geological data of Southern Afghanistan
reveals that area has generally loose granular material. There is no evidence or reported
Geological problem in the HPP area.

Afghanistan is bounded by two major faults. However, there is no active fault so far reported or
recorded in Gereshk area. Consequently, it is safe to assume that there is relatively little risk of
earthquakes affecting the area.

Rehabilitation on Gereshk HPP: Rehabilitation of Gereshk HPP as per the scope of work
discussed in the succeeding Chapters can be distinct divided as follows:

a) Boghra Canal Intake Structure

b) Boghra Canal

c) Powerhouse Structure

d) Hydro Power Plant

e) Associated Civil Works

Environment and Social Aspects: Barring disposal of debris from Civil construction work and
old equipment removed from Plant rehabilitation areas, there is no major environment impact
expected. Due precautions will need to be taken during handling and use of POLs and
chemicals. Necessary disposal sites will need to be identified in consultation with Consultant
and/or Client.

Socially, the resultant benefits accruing from the rehabilitation of HPP outweigh the likely minor
social adverse impact. Increased electrical power supply will facilitate economic growth and
thus usher in local prosperity.

Security: Continuously dynamic volatile security in the Project region poses serious threat to
men and materials. General elections and withdrawal of NATO ISAF forces during 2014 further
compounds the already grim situation.

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PROJECT DESIGN MEMORANDUM
AIPL-HUNAN ALLONWARD JV 3 x 1.62 MW GERESHK HPP
PERIMETER WALL (RIGHT WALL)

CHAPTER 2

INTRODUCTION

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PROJECT DESIGN MEMORANDUM
AIPL-HUNAN ALLONWARD JV 3 x 1.62 MW GERESHK HPP
PERIMETER WALL (RIGHT WALL)

INTRODUCTION

Da Afgahnistan Breshna Sherkat (DABS), Client has awarded Contract ICB No. ICB-
DABS/Gereshk HPP 012/2010 dated Feb. 06, 2012 (Contract) to AIPL-Hunan Allonward JV
(Contractor) for the Rehabilitation of Gereshk Hydro Power Plant (HPP), Helmand Province,
Afghanistan. Scope of work under the Contract covers Designing, Engineering, Manufacturing /
Procurement, Installation, Testing & Commissioning of certain Electro-mechanical & Hydro-
mechanical new equipment, Refurbishing certain existing Hydro-mechanical equipment and
Construction of certain Facilities pertaining to Civil works etc. for Gereshk Hydro Power Plant
situated on Boghra Irrigation Canal as enumerated in Volume 2 of the Contract.

DABS have appointed Hill International NV as Consultant for Rehabilitation of Gereshk Hydro
Power Plant (HPP) Project.

As per items 4.3.2.7.1, 4.3.2.7.4, 4.3.2.7.5 and 4.3.2.7.6 Schedule No. 4 Installation and
other Services of the Contract, 3.6 m high Perimeter Wall along with truck access doors,
personal access doors and 2.5 m high chain link fencing et al is to be constructed around the
Powerhouse Complex at Generator floor, EL 828.70 for the protection and safety of new Sub-
station, Annex building, Transformers, Diesel Generators, Gantry Crane, Gantry Crane Parking
Shed, Hydro Generators, Annex building, future Lay Down Area etc. Out of 3.6 m, Perimeter
wall height will be 3.0 m above NSL and balance 0.6 m high razor wire will be used.

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PROJECT DESIGN MEMORANDUM
AIPL-HUNAN ALLONWARD JV 3 x 1.62 MW GERESHK HPP
PERIMETER WALL (RIGHT WALL)

CHAPTER 3

DESIGN BASIS

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PROJECT DESIGN MEMORANDUM
AIPL-HUNAN ALLONWARD JV 3 x 1.62 MW GERESHK HPP
PERIMETER WALL (RIGHT WALL)

DESIGN BASIS

CODES AND STANDARDS


Analysis & Design

IS :875 (Part 3 )- 1987 Code of Practize for Design Loads for buildings and
structures. Part 3 WIND LOADS
SP 20 Handbook on Masonary Design and Construction
(BIS)
Design of Free Standing Walls BDA By Brick Development Association, UK
Design Guide 12, 1984
Design Note 3: Laterally Loaded Walls By eurocode6.org

WIND ACTIONS

The fundamental value of basic wind velocity vb,0 has been found as 6.2 m/sec based on available
source from https://weather-and-climate.com/average-monthly-Wind-speed,Herat,Afghanistan
in the absence of National Annex for Afghanistan and Basic wind Speed of 20.8 m/sec taken in the
design

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PROJECT DESIGN MEMORANDUM
AIPL-HUNAN ALLONWARD JV 3 x 1.62 MW GERESHK HPP
PERIMETER WALL (RIGHT WALL)

Calculation procedures for wind actions on structural elements has been described in SP 30 (BIS)

BASIC WIND VELOCITY(Vb)

Basic wind Speed of 20.8 m/sec taken in the design

DESIGN WIND VELOCITY (Vz)

The basic wind speed ( V, ) i.e 20.8m/sec shall be modified to include the following effects to get design
wind velocity at any height ( Vz) for the chosen structure:

a) Risk level;
b) Terrain roughness, height and size of structure and
c) Local topography.
It can be mathematically expressed as follows:

Vz = Vb k1 k2 k3

where
Vz = design wind speed at any height z in m/s;
k1 = probability factor ( risk coefficient ) ( see 5.3.1 );
k2 = terrain, height and structure size factor ( see 5.3.2 ); and
k3 = topography factor ( see 5.3.3 ).

Risk Coefficient ( k1 Factor )

The suggested life period to be assumed in design and the corresponding k1 factors for different class of
structures for the purpose of design is given in Table 1. In the design of all buildings and structures, a
regional basic wind speed having a mean return period of 50 years shall be used except as specified
in the note of Table 1.

Terrain, Height and Structure Size Factor ( k2 Factor )

Terrain - Selection of terrain categories shall be made with due regard to the effect of obstructions
which constitute the ground surface roughness. The terrain category used in the design of a structure
may vary depending on the direction of wind under consideration. Wherever sufficient meteorological
information is available about the nature of wind direction, the orientation of any building or structure
may be suitably planned.

Terrain in which a specific structure stands shall be assessed as being one of the following terrain
categories:

(a) Category 1 - Exposed open terrain with few or no obstructions and in which the average height
of any object surrounding the structure is less than 1.5 m.
(b) Category 2 - Open terrain with well scattered obstructions having heights generally between I.5
to 10 m.
(c) Category 3 - Terrain with numerous closely spaced obstructions having the size of building-
structures up to 10 m in height with or without a few isolated tall structures.
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PROJECT DESIGN MEMORANDUM
AIPL-HUNAN ALLONWARD JV 3 x 1.62 MW GERESHK HPP
PERIMETER WALL (RIGHT WALL)

(d) Category 4 - Terrain with numerous large high closely spaced obstructions.

Variation of wind speed with height for different sizes of structures in different terrains
( k2factor )

Table 2 gives multiplying factors ( k2 ) by which the basic wind speed shall be multiplied to obtain the
wind speed at different heights, in each terrain category for different sizes of buildings/structures.

Terrain categories in relation to the direction of wind

The terrain category used in the design of a structure may vary depending on the direction of wind
under consideration. Where sufficient meteorological information is available, the basic wind speed may
be varied for specific wind direcion.

Changes in terrain categories The velocity profile for a given terrain category does not develop to full
height immediately with the commencement of that terrain category but develop gradually to height
( h, ) which increases with the fetch or upwind distance (x).

a) Fetch and develobed height relationship The relation between the developed height (hx) and the
fetch (x) for wind-flow over each of the four terrain categories may be taken as given in Table 3.

b) For structures of heights greater than the developed height (hx) in Table 3.

Topography ( k3 Factor )

The basic wind speed Vb takes account of the general level of site above sea level. This does not allow
for local topographic features such as hills, valleys, cliffs, escarpments, or ridges which can significantly
affect wind speed in their vicinity. The effect of topography is to accelerate wind near the summits of
hills or crestsof cliffs, escarpments or ridges and decelerate the wind in valleys or near the foot of cli%,
steep escarpments, or ridges.

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PROJECT DESIGN MEMORANDUM
AIPL-HUNAN ALLONWARD JV 3 x 1.62 MW GERESHK HPP
PERIMETER WALL (RIGHT WALL)

The effect of topography will be significant at a site when the upwind slope is greater than about 3
degree , and below that, the value of k3 may be taken to be equal to 1.0. The value of k3 is confined in
the range of 1.0 to 1.36 for slopes greater than 3 degree. A method of evaluating the value of k3 for
values greater than 1.0 . It may be noted that the value of k3 varies with height above ground level, at a
maximum near the ground, and reducing to 1.0 at higher levels.

Force Coefficients for Clad Buildings

Low walls and hoardings Force coefficients for low walls and hoardings less than 15 m high shall be as
given in Table 24 provided the height shall be measured from the ground to the top of the walls or
hoarding, and provided that for walls or hoardings above ground the clearance between the wall or
hoarding and the ground shall be not less than 0.25 times the vertical dimension of the wall or hoarding.

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PROJECT DESIGN MEMORANDUM
AIPL-HUNAN ALLONWARD JV 3 x 1.62 MW GERESHK HPP
PERIMETER WALL (RIGHT WALL)

DESIGN WIND PRESSURE-

The design wind pressure at any height above mean ground level shall be obtained by the following
relationship between wind pressure and wind velocity:

Pz = 0.6 Vz2

pz = design wind pressure in N/ms at height z, and


Vz - design wind velocity in m/s at height z.

ALLOWABLE BEARING PRESSURE


As per the Geo-technical report allowable bearing pressure is given as 1500 to 2000 psf, i.e., 71.8 to 95.8
kN/sqm.

After looking at the detailed results in Geo-technical report for various boreholes, we have considered
allowable safe bearing pressure as 45 kN/sqm at a depth of 0.5 m

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PROJECT DESIGN MEMORANDUM
AIPL-HUNAN ALLONWARD JV 3 x 1.62 MW GERESHK HPP
PERIMETER WALL (RIGHT WALL)

CHAPTER 4

DESIGN CALCULATIONS

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PROJECT DESIGN MEMORANDUM
AIPL-HUNAN ALLONWARD JV 3 x 1.62 MW GERESHK HPP
PERIMETER WALL (RIGHT WALL)

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PROJECT DESIGN MEMORANDUM
AIPL-HUNAN ALLONWARD JV 3 x 1.62 MW GERESHK HPP
PERIMETER WALL (RIGHT WALL)

DESIGN OF FOUNDATION

Wind pressure for design of foundation = 270 N/sqm

Depth of foundation = 0.5 below Ground Level

Moment at bottom of foundation = 270 * 2 * (2 / 2 + 0.5) = 810 N-m

Vertical loads

Assume thickness of foundation strip = 0.2 m and width = 0.6 m

Weight of wall = 20 * 0.2 * 2.5 * 1 = 10 kN

Weight of base = 25 * 0.2 * 0.6 * 1 = 3 kN

Weight of soil = 18 * 0.3 * 0.4 * 1 = 2.16 kN

Total vertical load = 15.16 kN

Eccentricity e = 810 / (15.16 * 1000) = 0.053 m < 0.6 / 6 ; Hence OK

Max Ground pressure = (15.16 /0.6) + (0.810 * 6 / 0.6^2) = 38.76 kN/sqm < 45 kN/sqm ; Hence OK

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PROJECT DESIGN MEMORANDUM
AIPL-HUNAN ALLONWARD JV 3 x 1.62 MW GERESHK HPP
PERIMETER WALL (RIGHT WALL)

DRAWINGS

Following Auto CAD Drawings have been prepared for the construction of Right Bank Perimeter
Wall:

S. No. TITLE DRAWING NO.


1
2
3
4
5

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PROJECT DESIGN MEMORANDUM
AIPL-HUNAN ALLONWARD JV 3 x 1.62 MW GERESHK HPP
PERIMETER WALL (RIGHT WALL)

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