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EXPERIMENT NO: 5

WIEN BRIDGE OSCILLATOR


AIM:

To design and set up a Wien Bridge oscillator and generate a sinusoidal signal of
frequency 1.7 KHz.

COMPONENTS & EQUIPMENTS REQUIRED:

Name of the
Specification Quantity
Component /Equipment
Transistor BC107 2
0.02 F 2
Capacitors
4.7F 3
1K POT 1
10 K 2
47 K 2
Resistors
2.2 K 2
4.7 K 2
560 2
DC Source 1
CRO 1
Bread Board 1
Multimeter 1

THEORY:

The Wien Bridge oscillator employs a balanced Wien bridge as the feedback network.
Two stage CE Amplifier provides 3600 phase shift to signal. Therefore Wien bridge need not
provide any phase shift to satisfy Barkhausen criterion.

The attenuation of the bridge is calculated to be 1/3 at Resonant frequency. Therefore the
amplifier stage should provide a gain of 3 to compensate for the losses occurring in the circuit.
Since the gain of Two stage amplifier is the product of individual stages, overall gain may
become very high. But the gain will be trimmed down to 3 by negative feedback network
constituted by R3 and RE. The emitter resistors of both stages are kept unbypassed. This provides
a current series feedback which ensures the stability of operating point and reduction of gain.

1
Frequency of oscillation is f0= 2

Wien Bridge oscillator is capable of oscillating at frequencies from 20 Hz to 200 KHz.

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM:

DESIGN:

Output requirement : f0 = 1.7 KHz

Design inputs : Vcc = 10V, IC= 2mA.

Selection of transistor : Select transistors BC107 since its minimum guaranteed hFE = 100

VRC1
Design of RC1 & RC2 : VRC1 = 40% VCC ; RC1 = = 2 K Choose 2.2 K
Ic

VRC2
VRC2 = 40% VCC ; RC2 = = 2 K Choose 2.2 K
Ic
VRE1
Design of RE1 & RE2 : VRE1 = 10% VCC ; RE1 = = 500 Choose 560
Ic

VRE2
VRE2 = 10% VCC ; RE2 = = 500 Choose 560
Ic

Design of RB2 & RB2 : VRB2 = VRB2= VRE +VBE

ICRE + 0.7V = 1.7V

VRB2
RB2 = RB2 = = 9.4 K Choose 10 K
9IB

Design of RB1 & RB1 : VRB1 = VRB1= VCC VRB2 = 8.3V

VRB1
RB1 = RB1 = = 41.5 K Choose 47 K
10IB

1 1
Design of Rf : Required gain AV =3. => =Av = 3.

RE
=RE+Rf

Rf = 1 K.

1
Design of R & C : f0= 2 =1.7 KHz ;Take R = 2RC = 4 K Choose 4.7 K

C = 39.8nF = 0.03F Choose 0.02 F.

WAVEFORM:

PROCEDURE:

1. Set up the amplifier part of Wien Bridge oscillator on a breadboard.


2. Check the dc conditions of the amplifier.
3. Ensure that the circuit functions as an amplifier by giving an input.
4. Complete the circuit connecting the feedback circuit and observe output sinusoidal
waveform on CRO Screen. Measure the amplitude and frequency.

RESULT:

A Wien Bridge oscillator has been designed and set up and an output waveform of
frequency -------KHz has been obtained.