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[4] Ex/ME/T/415/EL(iv)/29/2011

6. Write short notes : (any four) 54=20


B ACHELOR OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING E XAMINATION , 2011
( 4th Year, 1st Semester)
i) Rankine Technique.
AERODYNAMICS
ii) Kelvins Theorem.
Time : Three hours Full Marks : 100
iii) Lift and drag coefficients of aerofoil and their variation with
l Answer any five questions.
angle of attack.
l All parts of the same question are to be answered together.
iv) Circulation and vorticity. 1. Describe three methods of boundary control indicating the
v) Magnus effect. principle action of each.
Air flows with velocity U past a flat smooth porus plate at
vi) Effect of aspect ratio on induced drag.
zero incidence to the airstream. Uniform suction is applied to the
plate, the suction velocity into the plate being VS . Show that at
a large distance from the leading edge of the plate, the velocity

= 1 eVsy /
u
u at a distance y from the plate is given by
U
where v being the kinematic viscosity.
If the velocity of the airstream is 20 m/sec and the volume
extracted by suction is 001 cubic metres per second per
squaremetre of the plate, calculate the displacement thickness,
momentum thickness and skin friction coefficient for the
asymtotic profile. The kinematic viscosity may be taken as equal
to 151016 metres square per second. 4+10+6

2. Considering the combination of an uniform stream of velocity


U flowing parallel to the x-axis and a doublet of strength
with its axis parallel to the stream, derive an expression for the
velocity distribution around a circular cylinder in ideal 2-
[2] [3]

dimensional flow. Also discuss its significance for the design of Sketch :
3-hole probe. a) The Flow Pattern ;
Sketch the variation of pressure coefficient around the cylinder
b) pressure distribution along ABC and DEF ;
indicating maximum and minimum values. Discuss the flow of a
real fluid past the cylinder, sketching the flow pattern and the c) pressure distribution along BE.
resultant pressure distribution. The complex potential for a The sketches must be accompanied by a discussion explaining
the flow and pressure distributions. 8+7+5
doublet at the origin with its axis along x-axis is . 10+10
2z
4. A slim elliptical two dimensional sturt is placed at zero incidence
3. A duct of uniform width makes a sharp right angle bend as
in an uniform stream. The ratio of the major to minor axis of the
shown in the figure. The flow may be treated as 2-dimensional.
ellipse is 15.

Considering the sturt to be replaced by a distribution of source,


calculate the distribution of velocity over the eliipte.

Comment on the accuracy of results.



cosn d sinn
Note : cos cos = sin 20
0

5. The velocity distribution in a laminar boundary layer may be


represented by the Pohehausen quartic, that is,

u
= a + b 2 + c3 + D4 + E .
U

Obtain an approximate velocity profile for zero pressure


gradient. Calculate the value of the shape factor and use of the
momentum integral equation to obtain Cf as a function of Re
The flow entering the duct at AD is uniform over the central
based on the distance along the plate. 6+8+6
region but with turbulent boundary layers at the walls.