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DESIGN BASIS REPORT FOR HVAC & IBMS SYSTEMS IN

KENZ INN COMERCIAL COMPLEX THRISSUR

March 14th 2013


Preliminary Design Basic Report2

Ref No: ACA/KI /01/2013

14th March 2013

To

Prasaanth & Associates, Architects,

Near Palazhi Junction,

NH Bypass, Calicut - 673014

Dear Sir,

SUB: AIR-CONDITIONING AND BUILDING MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FOR KENZ


INN, THRISSUR

The enclosed preliminary design basis report describes feasibility study of designing,
engineering, erecting and commissioning the most viable air-conditioning & Building
management system for the KENZ INN, Thrissur. The enclosed Preliminary Basis of Design
give the various areas considered for air-conditioning which also describes the inside designs,
occupancy levels as well as various details that contributes the air-conditioning load.

Thanking You

Yours Faithfully

For Alex Cyriac Associates Pvt. Ltd.

ALEX CYRIAC

DIRECTOR

Preliminary Design Basic Report3

SECTION -1 -- PREAMBLE

1.1 SCOPE OF WORK:

To conduct a thorough feasibility study of the works to be carried out for air-conditioning for
the proposed for KENZ INN AT THRISSUR and to provide the most optimum and efficient
system for the same.

1.2 PROJECT OBJECTIVES:

The project objective includes to design a energy efficient, eco friendly design, which ensures
easy maintenance, fast track installation and compliance to all statutory regulations.
1.3 BROAD CONCEPT OF THE DESIGN:

The Systems for the project have been conceptualized based on past experience and
acceptable International design standards. Effort shall be made to conceal all problems and
still provide access to these for accommodating changes in requirement in future.
Conservation of energy, optimization of resources, eco-friendliness and State of the art
technology shall be the key factors in the design concept to ensure least downtime and reduce
maintenance hassles.

1.4 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY:

The project mainly divided into two phases

Phase -1 - Shopping Mall and Showroom & office

Phase -2 - Convention centre and Hotel

For this area the total air conditioning load is estimated to be 3785 TR.

1.5 ENERGY CONSERVATION FEATURES:

The design shall be well equipped with energy conservation features to reduce energy
consumption and operating costs which is economically feasible, generally as follows:

a.High efficiency chillers with maximum COP considered.

b.CTI approved Cooling tower selection for minimum drift and noise level; energy efficient
motors, VFD for motor speed control.

c.VFD and energy efficient motors for AHU fan section.

d.Heat Recovery System has been used to reduce the plant capacity and to maintain high
indoor air quality.

Preliminary Design Basic Report4

SECTION -2 STANDARDS REFERRED

Following standard & guidelines shall be adopted while designing the HVAC system:-

National Building Code of India (NBC) 2005

Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC) 2007 (Revised version May 2008)

ASHRAE Hand Books.

HVAC Systems and Equipment 2008

HVAC Applications 2007


Refrigeration 2006

Fundamentals 2005

Duct construction standards as per relevant BIS Codes & SMACNA standards

Air filters as per ASHRAE 52.1-1992 and 52.2-2007

Indoor Air Quality as per ASHRAE 62.1-2007

Motors, cabling, wiring and accessories as per BIS Codes

National Fire Codes 2000

National Electric Codes (NEC)

ASHRAE Standard 90.1 2007

Preliminary Design Basic Report5


SECTION -3 BASIS OF DESIGN

The HVAC System has been designed for the following parameters which are based on the

data from the meteorological department, ISHRAE & ASHRAE.

OUTSIDE CONDITIONSLocation Thrissur

Latitude 9.58

Summer 35.0 C DB ; 27.8 C WB

Monsoon 29.4 C DB ; 27.8 C WB

Winter 22.2 C DB ; 18.3 C WB

INSIDE CONDITIONS All habitable areas22C 1.1C, (RH not exceeding


55%)
Automatic control for the
temperature shall be provided.

LIGHTING LOAD

EQUIPMENT LOAD

FRESH AIR

NOISE CRITERIA

All areas As per requirements


(1 4 Watts/Sq.ft)
All areas As per requirements / ASHRAE
Standards
office, Corridor, Lift lobby, 5 cfm/person+ 0.06 cfm/sq. Ft
Meeting Room, Bed room, or 1 Air Change whichever is
living, higher.
Lobbies, pre-function 5 cfm/person+ 0.06 cfm/sq. Ft
or 1 Air Change whichever is
higher.
Restaurant dining rooms, 7. 5 cfm/person+ 0.18 cfm/sq. Ft
cafeteria/fast food dining, or 1 Air Change whichever is
bars, cocktail lounges higher.
Mall shops, common areas 7. 5 cfm/person+ 0.12 cfm/sq. Ft
etc or 1 Air Change whichever is
higher.
All areas Within the noise criteria limit

Preliminary Design Basic Report6


3.2 DEVELOPMENT OF THE SYSTEM

WATER-COOLED CENTRAL CHILLING PLANT:

This is also a centralized chilled water distributing system with the difference that the
refrigerant is cooled by circulating water and the excess heat dispensed through cooling
towers. This results in loss of water. However, water-cooled systems are much more
economic in the long run due to lesser power consumption as compared to air-cooled chiller.
Water-cooled chillers are typically intended for indoor installation and operation, and are
cooled by a separate condenser water loop and connected to outdoor cooling towers to expel
heat to the atmosphere. Figure 1 shows a schematic of water cooled chillers.

FIGURE.1

HIGHLIGHTS

O Higher efficiency & Longer life

O Custom selections in larger sizes.

OLarger tonnage capabilities


OIndoor chiller location
OMost importantly running cost is on the lower because best efficient water cooled system is
consuming around 1.2 KW/TR, For high T Chiller power will be 0.9 KW /TR

OWater cooled system can be developed provided if there is enough soft filtered water
available with 0.01 loss by drift and evaporation in the water which may amount to around
200000 lts/day

OThis water has to be made available either from bore well or transported through container
or through recycling the waste water (STP/RO Plant). From the available information it has
to be crosschecked by the plumbing consultant that the soft filter water availability is there
and the yield possible. We presume at Thrissur soft filtered water is available from rainwater
harvesting or STP etc.
Preliminary Design Basic Report7

3.3 AIR-COOLED CHILLER SYSTEM: (This option is not considering in this project)

These are centralized air-conditioning system in which water is chilled and then distributed
through insulated pipes throughout the various areas to the indoor Air handling and Fan coil
units. Since the bulk of the system (chiller and pumps) is located in a single area (preferably
along with other services such as electrical DG, Transformer etc) the power consumption is
on the higher side and therefore, the running cost is higher than water-cooled systems.

Figure 1 shows a simple schematic of air cooled chillers.

FIGURE. 2

HIGHLIGHTS

O No cooling tower or condenser pumps required

O Less maintenance

ORunning cost is on the higher because best efficient air cooled system is consuming around
1.5 KW/TR.

Preliminary Design Basic Report8

3 .4 FACILITY MANAGEMENT

Facility management is an integration of processes within an organization to maintain and


develop the agreed services which support and improve the effectiveness of its primary
activities. It is an interdisciplinary field devoted to the coordination of space, infrastructure,
people and organization, often associated with business services functions such as offices,
arenas, schools, convention centers, shopping complexes, hospitals, hotels, etc. However, FM
facilitates the business on a much wider range of activities than just business services and
these are referred to as non-core functions. Many of these are outlined below but they do vary
from one business sector to another.

The FM sector acts as an umbrella, horizontally oriented market. Because of its increasing
relevance to the core business, it more and more takes the lead when developing a 'new world
of work' and 'new ways of working'. As a result the need for convergence with Human
Resources, Real Estate and Information Technology has increased dramatically. Also, the FM
sector has started taking its social responsibility, has become a strong driver of economy and
proofed its role as integrator of people, place and processes. As a result FM has become the
leading business service able to integrate the tangible assets of real estate and facilities with
the intangible assets of facility services.

The discipline of facility management and the role of facility managers in particular are
evolving to the extent that many managers have to operate at two levels: strategic-tactical and
operational. In the former case, clients, customers and end-users need to be informed about
the potential impact of their decisions on the provision of space, services, cost and business
risk. In the latter, it is the role of a facility manager to ensure corporate and regulatory
compliance plus the proper operation of all aspects of a building to create an optimal, safe
and cost effective environment for the occupants to function.

3.5 Scope of work of tenant and owner with calculations

From the owners point of view, the scope of work of ac should be limited up to giving
chilled water at one point into the shop/office with the BTU meter and AHU. And the tenants
scope of work shall include installing ducting according to their own interior designs. Of
course the capacity of tonnage to be given to each shop has to be specified with +/- 5 %. In
case any shop owner insists for higher tonnage, the same can be given as a onetime capital
investment say at the rate of 30000 Rs /ton. All the installations will have to be approved by
the owners consultant at mutually agreed rates. This extra tonnage given should be
discouraged possible. However with the consultants authorization, the inside conditions can
be guaranteed. The advantage of the owner is that the capital investment of all the low side
works such as piping ducting is not there. This means the owners headaches get reduced
with respect to low side works.
Preliminary Design Basic Report9

3.5 ESTIMATED AIR CONDITIONING LOAD

The room wise estimated load and other parameters are as follows.

BASIS OF DESIGN PHASE-1


The complete air conditioning system shall be designed taking into account the following
parameters.

PROJECT - KENZ INN

35 C. DB, 27.77 C
Outside design condition -
WB

22 C +/- 1.1 . C,
Inside design condition -
RH 55+/- 5%

AREA AREA NO. OF AIR AIR UNIT


No OCCUPANCY TR
CH. QTY PROPOSED
DESCRIPTION SQ.FT

PHASE-1

MALL
BLOCK

GROUND
FLOOR

25 TR
7.5
Double skin
1 Shop 4520 50 cfm/person+ 26.0 TR 10400
Floor
0.12 cfm/sq. mounted
Ft vertical AHU

18 TR
7.5
Double Skin
2 lobby 3800 50 cfm/person+ 18.0 TR 7200
Floor
Mounted
0.12 cfm/sq.
Vertical
Ft
AHU

Total AC Area = 8,320 Sq.ft. Total Tonnage = 44.0 TR


FIRST
FLOOR

7.5
1 Shop 1 475 6 cfm/person+ 3.0 TR 1200 3 TR FCU
0.12 cfm/sq.
Ft

7.5
2 Shop 2 200 3 cfm/person+ 1.5 TR 600 1.5 TR FCU
0.12 cfm/sq.
Ft
7.5 9 TR Double
3 Shop 3 1600 20 cfm/person+ 9.5 TR 3800 Skin Ceiling
0.12 cfm/sq. Suspended
Ft AHU

7.5 9 TR Double
4 Shop 4 1507 20 cfm/person+ 9.0 TR 3600 Skin Ceiling
0.12 cfm/sq. Suspended
Ft AHU

7.5
5 Shop 5 560 6 cfm/person+ 3.5 TR 1400 3 TR FCU
0.12 cfm/sq.
Ft

7.5
6 Shop 6 420 6 cfm/person+ 2.5 TR 1000 2.5 TR FCU
0.12 cfm/sq.
Ft

7.5 6 TR Double
7 Shop 7 945 12 cfm/person+ 6.0 TR 2400 Skin Ceiling
0.12 cfm/sq. Suspended
Ft AHU

7.5 5 TR Double
8 Shop 8 670 6 cfm/person+ 4.0 TR 1600 Skin Ceiling
0.12 cfm/sq. Suspended
Ft AHU

7.5 8 TR Double
9 Shop 9 1270 15 cfm/person+ 7.5 TR 3000 Skin Ceiling
0.12 cfm/sq. Suspended
Ft AHU

7.5 9 TR Double
10 Shop 10 1400 20 cfm/person+ 8.0 TR 3200 Skin Ceiling
0.12 cfm/sq. Suspended
Ft AHU

7.5 9 TR Double
11 Shop 11 1420 20 cfm/person+ 8.5 TR 3400 Skin Ceiling
0.12 cfm/sq. Suspended
Ft AHU

7.5 9 TR Double
12 Shop 12 1400 20 cfm/person+ 8.5 TR 3400 Skin Ceiling
0.12 cfm/sq. Suspended
Ft AHU
7.5 6 TR Double
13 Shop 13 1050 15 cfm/person+ 6.5 TR 2600 Skin Ceiling
0.12 cfm/sq. Suspended
Ft AHU

Preliminary Design Basic


10
Report
7 TR
Double
7.5 cfm/person+
14 Shop 14 1185 15 7.0 TR 2800 skin
Ceiling
mounted
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft
AHU

7.5 cfm/person+
15 Shop 15 430 6 2.6 TR 1040 3 TR FCU
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft

7.5 cfm/person+ 2.5 TR


16 Shop 16 420 6 2.5 TR 1000
FCU
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft

7.5 cfm/person+
17 Shop 17 516 6 3.2 TR 1280 3 TR FCU
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft

5 TR
Double
7.5 cfm/person+
18 Shop 18 742 12 4.5 TR 1800 Skin
Ceiling
Suspended
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft
AHU

8 TR
Double
7.5 cfm/person+
19 Shop 19 1185 20 8.0 TR 3200 Skin
Ceiling
Suspended
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft
AHU

5 TR
Double
7.5 cfm/person+
20 Shop 20 710 8 4.5 TR 1800 Skin
Ceiling
Suspended
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft
AHU
5 TR
Double
7.5 cfm/person+
21 Shop 21 745 10 4.5 TR 1800 Skin
Ceiling
Suspended
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft
AHU

7.5 cfm/person+ 2.5 TR


22 Shop 22 380 4 2.5 TR 1000
FCU
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft

7.5 cfm/person+
23 Shop 23 592 10 3.5 TR 1400 3 TR FCU
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft

2 x 50 TR
Double
7.5 cfm/person+
skin
floor
24 Atrium 19910 350 100.0 TR 40000 mounted
0.06 cfm/sq. Ft horizontal
AHU
2 x 44 TR
Double
Hyper 7.5 cfm/person+
skin
floor
25 16850 300 88.0 TR 35200 mounted
Market 0.12 cfm/sq. Ft horizontal
AHU

56,582 Total
Total AC Area = Tonnage 308.8 TR
Sq.ft. =

SECOND
FLOOR

7.5 cfm/person+
1 Shop 1 475 6 3.0 TR 1200 3 TR FCU
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft

7.5 cfm/person+ 1.5 TR


2 Shop 2 215 3 1.5 TR 600
FCU
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft
9 TR
Double
7.5 cfm/person+
3 Shop 3 1636 20 9.5 TR 3800 Skin
Ceiling
Suspended
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft
AHU

9 TR
Double
7.5 cfm/person+
4 Shop 4 1507 20 9.0 TR 3600 Skin
Ceiling
Suspended
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft
AHU

7.5 cfm/person+
5 Shop 5 495 6 3.0 TR 1200 3 TR FCU
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft

7.5 cfm/person+
6 Shop 6 485 6 3.0 TR 1200 3 TR FCU
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft

7.5 cfm/person+ 1.5 TR


7 Shop 7 215 3 1.5 TR 600
FCU
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft

9 TR
Double
7.5 cfm/person+
8 Shop 8 1636 20 9.5 TR 3800 Skin
Ceiling
Suspended
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft
AHU

9 TR
Double
7.5 cfm/person+
9 Shop 9 1507 20 9.0 TR 3600 Skin
Ceiling
Suspended
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft
AHU

7.5 cfm/person+
10 Shop 10 560 8 3.5 TR 1400 3 TR FCU
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft

7.5 cfm/person+ 2.5 TR


11 Shop11 420 5 2.5 TR 1000
FCU
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft

Preliminary Design
11
Basic Report
6 TR Double
7.5 cfm/person+
12 Shop 12 945 15 6.0 TR 2400 Skin Ceiling
Suspended
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft
AHU

5 TR Double
7.5 cfm/person+
13 Shop 13 670 15 4.0 TR 1600 Skin Ceiling
Suspended
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft
AHU

8 TR Double
7.5 cfm/person+
14 Shop 14 1270 15 8.0 TR 3200 Skin Ceiling
Suspended
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft
AHU

9 TR Double
7.5 cfm/person+
15 Shop 15 1400 15 8.5 TR 3400 Skin Ceiling
Suspended
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft
AHU

9 TR Double
7.5 cfm/person+
16 Shop 16 1420 15 8.5 TR 3400 Skin Ceiling
Suspended
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft
AHU

9 TR Double
7.5 cfm/person+
17 Shop 17 1400 15 8.5 TR 3400 Skin Ceiling
Suspended
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft
AHU

6 TR Double
7.5 cfm/person+
18 Shop 18 1050 12 6.5 TR 2600 Skin Ceiling
Suspended
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft
AHU

7 TR Double
7.5 cfm/person+
19 Shop 19 1185 20 7.0 TR 2800 skin Ceiling
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft mounted AHU

7.5 cfm/person+
20 Shop 20 430 8 2.8 TR 1120 3 TR FCU
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft

7.5 cfm/person+
21 Shop 21 420 8 2.5 TR 1000 2.5 TR FCU
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft

22 Shop 22 516 5 7.5 cfm/person+ 2.5 TR 1000 2.5 TR FCU


0.12 cfm/sq. Ft
22 TR double
7.5 cfm/person+
23 Shop 23 4745 50 24.0 TR 9600 skin floor
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft mounted AHU

2 x 30 TR
7.5 cfm/person+ Double skin
floor mounted
24 lobby 11150 200 58.0 TR 23200
vertical
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft
AHU
2 x 44 TR
7.5 cfm/person+ Double skin
floor mounted
25 HyperMarket 16850 300 88.0 TR 35200
horizontal
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft
AHU

Total 52,602 Total Tonnage


289.8 TR
Area = =
Sq.ft.
THIRD FLOOR

5 TR Double
7.5 cfm/person+
1 Shop 1 710 8 4.5 TR 1800 Skin Ceiling
Suspended
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft
AHU

5 TR Double
7.5 cfm/person+
2 Shop 2 745 8 4.5 TR 1800 Skin Ceiling
Suspended
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft
AHU

7.5 cfm/person+
3 Shop 3 380 5 2.5 TR 1000 2.5 TR FCU
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft

7.5 cfm/person+
4 Shop 4 592 8 3.5 TR 1400 3 TR FCU
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft

7.5 cfm/person+
5 Shop 5 495 6 3.0 TR 1200 3 TR FCU
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft

7.5 cfm/person+
6 Shop 6 485 6 3.0 TR 1200 3 TR FCU
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft
7.5 cfm/person+
7 Shop 7 215 3 1.5 TR 600 1.5 TR FCU
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft

9 TR Double
7.5 cfm/person+
8 Shop 8 1636 20 9.5 TR 3800 Skin Ceiling
Suspended
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft
AHU

9 TR Double
7.5 cfm/person+
9 Shop 9 1507 20 9.0 TR 3600 Skin Ceiling
Suspended
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft
AHU

Preliminary Design
12
Basic Report
7.5 cfm/person+
10 Shop 10 560 8 3.5 TR 1400 3 TR FCU
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft

7.5 cfm/person+
11 Shop11 420 5 2.5 TR 1000 2.5 TR FCU
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft

5 TR Double
7.5 cfm/person+
12 Shop 12 945 15 5.5 TR 2200 Skin Ceiling
Suspended
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft
AHU

5 TR Double
7.5 cfm/person+
13 Shop 13 670 8 4.0 TR 1600 Skin Ceiling
Suspended
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft
AHU

8 TR Double
7.5 cfm/person+
14 Shop 14 1270 15 8.0 TR 3200 Skin Ceiling
Suspended
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft
AHU

9 TR Double
7.5 cfm/person+
15 Shop 15 1400 15 8.5 TR 3400 Skin Ceiling
Suspended
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft
AHU

9 TR Double
7.5 cfm/person+
16 Shop 16 1420 15 8.5 TR 3400 Skin Ceiling
Suspended
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft
AHU
9 TR Double
7.5 cfm/person+
17 Shop 17 1400 15 8.5 TR 3400 Skin Ceiling
Suspended
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft
AHU

6 TR Double
7.5 cfm/person+
18 Shop 18 1050 15 6.5 TR 2600 Skin Ceiling
Suspended
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft
AHU

7 TR Double
7.5 cfm/person+
19 Shop 19 1185 15 7.0 TR 2800 skin Ceiling
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft mounted AHU

7.5 cfm/person+
20 Shop 20 430 5 2.5 TR 1000 2.5 TR FCU
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft

7.5 cfm/person+
21 Shop 21 420 5 2.5 TR 1000 2.5 TR FCU
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft

7.5 cfm/person+
22 Shop 22 505 5 3.0 TR 1200 3 TR FCU
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft

32 TR Double
23 resturant 3640 170 2 Air Changes 32.0 TR 12800 skin floor
mounted AHU

2 x 30 TR
7.5 cfm/person+ Double skin
floor mounted
24 lobby 11150 200 59.0 TR 23600
vertical
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft
AHU

2 x 42 TR
7.5 cfm/person+ Double skin
floor mounted
25 HyperMarket 17070 300 84.0 TR 33600
horizontal
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft
AHU

Total 50,300 Total


286.5 TR
Area = Tonnage =
Sq.ft.
FOURTH
FLOOR

5 TR Double
7.5 cfm/person+
1 Shop 1 710 10 4.5 TR 1800 Skin Ceiling
Suspended
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft
AHU

5 TR Double
7.5 cfm/person+
2 Shop 2 745 10 4.5 TR 1800 Skin Ceiling
Suspended
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft
AHU

7.5 cfm/person+
3 Shop 3 380 10 2.5 TR 1000 3 TR FCU
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft

7.5 cfm/person+
4 Shop 4 592 10 3.5 TR 1400 3 TR FCU
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft

7.5 cfm/person+
5 Shop 5 495 10 3.2 TR 1280 3 TR FCU
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft

7.5 cfm/person+
6 Shop 6 485 10 3.0 TR 1200 3 TR FCU
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft

7.5 cfm/person+
7 Shop 7 215 10 1.5 TR 600 1.5 TR FCU
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft

Preliminary Design Basic


13
Report
9 TR Double
7.5 cfm/person+
8 Shop 8 1636 20 9.5 TR 3800 Skin Ceiling
Suspended
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft
AHU

9 TR Double
7.5 cfm/person+
9 Shop 9 1507 20 9.0 TR 3600 Skin Ceiling
Suspended
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft
AHU

7.5 cfm/person+
10 Shop 10 560 10 3.6 TR 1440 3 TR FCU
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft

11 Shop11 420 10 7.5 cfm/person+ 2.7 TR 1080 3 TR FCU


0.12 cfm/sq. Ft

6 TR Double
7.5 cfm/person+
12 Shop 12 945 15 6.0 TR 2400 Skin Ceiling
Suspended
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft
AHU

5 TR Double
7.5 cfm/person+
13 Shop 13 670 10 4.5 TR 1800 Skin Ceiling
Suspended
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft
AHU

9 TR Double
7.5 cfm/person+
14 Shop 14 1270 15 8.5 TR 3400 Skin Ceiling
Suspended
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft
AHU

9 TR Double
7.5 cfm/person+
15 Shop 15 1400 15 9.0 TR 3600 Skin Ceiling
Suspended
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft
AHU

9 TR Double
7.5 cfm/person+
16 Shop 16 1420 19 9.0 TR 3600 Skin Ceiling
Suspended
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft
AHU

9 TR Double
7.5 cfm/person+
17 Shop 17 1400 20 9.0 TR 3600 Skin Ceiling
Suspended
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft
AHU

7 TR Double
7.5 cfm/person+
18 Shop 18 1050 15 7.0 TR 2800 skin Ceiling
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft mounted AHU

8 TR Double
7.5 cfm/person+
19 Shop 19 1185 15 7.5 TR 3000 Skin Ceiling
Suspended
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft
AHU

7.5 cfm/person+
20 Shop 20 430 10 2.8 TR 1120 3 TR FCU
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft

7.5 cfm/person+
21 Shop 21 420 10 2.8 TR 1120 3 TR FCU
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft
7.5 cfm/person+
22 Shop 22 516 10 3.5 TR 1400 3 TR FCU
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft

2 x 13 TR
Game 7.5 cfm/person+
23 4735 100 26.0 TR 10400 Double skin
zone
ceiling
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft suspended
AHU

2 x 30 TR
7.5 cfm/person+ Double skin
floor mounted
24 lobby 11150 200 59.0 TR 23600
vertical
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft
AHU
18 TR Double
7.5 cfm/person+
25 Screen 1 2200 143 18.0 TR 7200 skin ceiling
suspended
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft
AHU

18 TR Double
7.5 cfm/person+
26 Screen 2 2200 142 18.0 TR 7200 skin ceiling
suspended
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft
AHU

16 TR Double
7.5 cfm/person+
27 Screen 3 1950 142 16.0 TR 6400 skin ceiling
suspended
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft
AHU

16 TR Double
7.5 cfm/person+
28 Screen 4 1900 113 16.0 TR 6400 skin ceiling
suspended
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft
AHU

22 TR double
7.5 cfm/person+
29 lounge 4060 100 22.0 TR 8800 skin floor
mounted
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft
vertical AHU

40 TR Double
30 coffee bar 4595 90 2 Air Changes 40.0 TR 16000 skin floor
mounted
horizontal
AHU

Total 51,241 Total 332.1 TR


Area = Sq.ft. Tonnage =
FIFTH FLOOR

Preliminary Design Basic


14
Report
2 X 60TR
Double skin
floor mounted
1 Food court 15300 400 2 Air Changes 120.0 TR 48000
horizontal
AHU

12 TR Double
2 Pestaurant 1 1400 50 2 Air Changes 12.0 TR 4800 skin ceiling
mounted AHU

2 x 30 TR
7.5
Double skin
cfm/person+
floor mounted
3 kids play area 9490 50 60.0 TR 24000
0.12 cfm/sq. vertical
Ft
AHU

12 TR Double
4 Pestaurant 2 1560 100 2 Air Changes 12.0 TR 4800 skin ceiling
suspended
AHU

7.5 12 TR Double
lounge exit
5 2150 100 cfm/person+ 12.0 TR 4800 skin ceiling
0.12 cfm/sq.
multiplex mounted AHU
Ft

26,050 Total Tonnage


Total Area = 216.0 TR
=
Sq.ft.
SIXTH
FLOOR

7.5cfm/person
1 prayer room 450 20 3.0 TR 1200 3 TR Cassette
0.06cfm/sq.ft

8 TR Double
7.5cfm/person
2 Office room 968 20 7.4 TR 2960 Skin Ceiling
Suspended
0.06cfm/sq.ft
AHU

3 MD 480 20 7.5cfm/person 3.5 TR 1400 3 TR Cassette


0.06cfm/sq.ft
7.5cfm/person
1 prayer room 450 20 3.0 TR 1200 3 TR Cassette
0.06cfm/sq.ft

450 Total Tonnage


Total Area = 16.9 TR
Sq.ft. =

TOTAL AC
245,545 Sq.ft.
AREA
TOTAL
1,494.1 TR
TONNAGE
VENTILLATION

SL AREA AIR
DESCRIPTION BLOWER
SQ.FT CHANGE
NO

First floor
Toilet ladies near hyper 67.0
1 15 A C
Sq.mt.
market
Toilet ladies near hyper 67.0
2 15 A C
Sq.mt.
market
Second floor
Toilet ladies near hyper 67.0
1 15 A C
Sq.mt.
market
10,000 cfm Exhaust Blower
Toilet ladies near hyper
67.0
2 15 A C
Sq.mt.
market
Third floor
Toilet ladies near hyper 67.0
1 15 A C
Sq.mt.
market
Toilet ladies near hyper 67.0
2 15 A C
Sq.mt.
market

First floor
54.0
1 Toilet Gents near shop 15 A C
Sq.mt.
54.0
2 Toilet ladies near shop 15 A C
Sq.mt.
Second floor
18,500 cfm Exhaust Blower
1 Toilet Gents near shop 15 A C
54.0
Sq.mt.
54.0
2 Toilet ladies near shop 15 A C
Sq.mt.
Third floor
Preliminary Design Basic
15
Report
Toilet Gents near
1 54.0 Sq.mt. 15 A C
Restaurant
Toilet ladies near
2 54.0 Sq.mt. 15 A C
Restaurant
Fourth floor
Toilet Gents near
1Game 54.0 Sq.mt. 15 A C
zone
Toilet ladies near
2Game 54.0 Sq.mt. 15 A C
Zone
Fifth floor
toilet ladies
1 93.0 Sq.mt. 15 A C
food court
toilet gents 170.0
2 15 A C
Sq.mt.
food court

3RD FLOOR
2Kitchen 63.0 Sq.mt. 40 A C 7,500 cfm Exhaust Blower
6500 cfm fresh air blower

FOURTH FLOOR
1Toilet Gents 63.0 Sq.mt. 15 A C
3,000 cfm Exhaust Blower
2Toilet Ladies 47.0 Sq.mt. 15 A C

FIFTH FLOOR
220.0
2kitchen stall 40 A C 22,000 cfm Exhaust Blower
Sq.mt.
19000 cfm fresh air blower

TERRACE
FLOOR
1toilet gents 33.0 Sq.mt. 15 A C 1,000 cfm Exhaust Blower
2toilet gents 54.0 Sq.mt. 15 A C 1,500 cfm Exhaust Blower

STAIRCASE PRESSURIZATION SYSTEM

1Stair -1 9000 CFM Exhaust Blower


2Stair -2 9000 CFM Exhaust Blower
BASIS OF DESIGN- SHOWROOM & OFFICE BLOCK PHASE -1

The complete air conditioning system shall be designed taking into account the following
parameters.

KENZZ INN,
PROJECT -
TRICHUR

35 C. DB, 27.77
Outside design condition -
C WB

22 C +/- 1.1 . C, RH
Inside design condition -
55+/- 5%

AREA AREA NO. OF AIR AIR UNIT


No OCCUPANCY TR
CH. PROPOSED
DESCRIPTION SQ.FT QTY

SHOW ROOM AREA

FIRST FLOOR

2 X 36TR
7.5
72.0 Double skin
SHOW ROOM
1 11300 200 cfm/person+ 28800floor mounted
1
TR
0.12 cfm/sq. Horizontal
Ft AHU

2 X 28TR
7.5
56.0 Double skin
SHOW ROOM
2 8555 150 cfm/person+ 22400floor mounted
2
TR
0.12 cfm/sq. Horizontal
Ft AHU

Total 19,855
Total Tonnage = 128.0 TR
Area =
Sq.ft.

SECOND FLOOR

Preliminary Design Basic Report16


7.5 2 X 45 TR Double
90.0
1 SHOW ROOM 1 14365 250 cfm/person+ 36000skin floor mounted
TR
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft Horizontal AHU
2 X 38TR Double
7.5
76.0 skin
2 SHOW ROOM 2 11785 150 cfm/person+ 30400floor mounted
TR
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft Horizontal AHU

26,150
Total Area = Total Tonnage = 166.0 TR
Sq.ft.
THIRD FLOOR

7.5 2 X 45 TR Double
90.0
1 SHOW ROOM 1 14365 250 cfm/person+ 36000skin floor mounted
TR
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft Horizontal AHU
2 X 38TR Double
7.5
76.0 skin
2 SHOW ROOM 2 11785 150 cfm/person+ 30400floor mounted
TR
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft Horizontal AHU
26,150
Total Area = Total Tonnage = 166.0 TR
Sq.ft.
FOURTH
FLOOR

7.5 2 X 45 TR Double
90.0
1 SHOW ROOM 1 14365 250 cfm/person+ 36000skin floor mounted
TR
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft Horizontal AHU

2 X 38TR Double
7.5
76.0 skin
2 SHOW ROOM 2 11785 150 cfm/person+ 30400floor mounted
TR
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft Horizontal AHU

26,150
Total Area = Total Tonnage = 166.0 TR
Sq.ft.
FIFTH FLOOR

7.5 2 X 45 TR Double
90.0
1 SHOW ROOM 1 14365 250 cfm/person+ 36000skin floor mounted
TR
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft Horizontal AHU
2 X 38TR Double
7.5
76.0 skin
2 SHOW ROOM 2 11785 150 cfm/person+ 30400floor mounted
TR
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft Horizontal AHU
26,150
Total AC Area = Total Tonnage = 166.0 TR
Sq.ft.
GRANT TOTAL AC AREA 124,455 Sq.ft.

GRANT TOTAL TONNAGE 792.0

OFFICE AREA
SIXTH FLOOR

5 cfm/person+ 22.0 22 TR FLOOR


1 OFFICE AREA 1 2800 40 8800
0.06 cfm/sq. Ft TR MOUNTED AHU

5 cfm/person+ 46.0 46 TR FLOOR


2 OFFICE AREA 2 6300 85 18400
0.06 cfm/sq. Ft TR MOUNTED AHU

5 cfm/person+ 16.0 16 TR CELLING


3 OFFICE AREA 3 2155 30 6400
0.06 cfm/sq. Ft TR SUSPENDED AHU

Preliminary Design Basic


17
Report
5 cfm/person+ 18.0 18 TR FLOOR
4 OFFICE AREA 4 2480 35 7200
0.06 cfm/sq. Ft TR MOUNTED AHU

Total 13,735
= Total Tonnage = 102.0 TR
Area
Sq.ft.
SEVENTH FLOOR

5 cfm/person+ 22.0 22 TR FLOOR


1 OFFICE AREA 1 2800 40 8800
0.06 cfm/sq. Ft TR MOUNTED AHU

5 cfm/person+ 46.0 46 TR FLOOR


2 OFFICE AREA 2 6300 85 18400
0.06 cfm/sq. Ft TR MOUNTED AHU

3 OFFICE AREA 3 2155 30 5 cfm/person+ 16.0 6400 16 TR CELLING


SUSPENDED
0.06 cfm/sq. Ft TR
AHU

5 cfm/person+ 18.0 18 TR FLOOR


4 OFFICE AREA 4 2640 40 7200
0.06 cfm/sq. Ft TR MOUNTED AHU

Total 13,895
= Total Tonnage = 102.0 TR
Area
Sq.ft.
EIGHTH FLOOR

5 cfm/person+ 22.0 22 TR FLOOR


1 OFFICE AREA 1 2800 40 8800
0.06 cfm/sq. Ft TR MOUNTED AHU

5 cfm/person+ 46.0 46 TR FLOOR


2 OFFICE AREA 2 6300 85 18400
0.06 cfm/sq. Ft TR MOUNTED AHU

5 cfm/person+ 16.0 16 TR CELLING


3 OFFICE AREA 3 2155 30 6400
SUSPENDED
0.06 cfm/sq. Ft TR
AHU

7.5
18.0 18 TR FLOOR
4 OFFICE AREA 4 2640 40 cfm/person+ 7200
TR MOUNTED AHU
0.12 cfm/sq. Ft

Total 13,895
= Total Tonnage = 102.0 TR
Area
Sq.ft.
NINTH FLOOR

5 cfm/person+ 22.0 22 TR FLOOR


1 OFFICE AREA 1 2800 40 8800
0.06 cfm/sq. Ft TR MOUNTED AHU

5 cfm/person+ 46.0 46 TR FLOOR


2 OFFICE AREA 2 6300 85 18400
0.06 cfm/sq. Ft TR MOUNTED AHU

5 cfm/person+ 16.0 16 TR CELLING


3 OFFICE AREA 3 2155 30 6400
SUSPENDED
0.06 cfm/sq. Ft TR
AHU

5 cfm/person+ 18.0 18 TR FLOOR


4 OFFICE AREA 4 2640 40 7200
0.06 cfm/sq. Ft TR MOUNTED AHU
Total 13,895
= Total Tonnage = 102.0 TR
Area
Sq.ft.
Total 55,420
= Total Tonnage = 408.0
Area
Sq.ft.

VENTILLATION TOILET
EXHAUST

Preliminary Design Basic Report18

SHOW ROOM AREA

FIRST FLOOR

SL
DESCRIPTIONAREA SQ.FTAIR CHANGE BLOWER
NO

Toilet-gents &
1 60.0 Sq.mt. 15 A C 1,750 cfm Exhaust Blower
ladies

Toilet-gents &
2 60 Sq.mt. 15 A C 1,750 cfm Exhaust Blower
ladies

SECOND FLOOR

SL
DESCRIPTIONAREA SQ.FTAIR CHANGE BLOWER
NO

Toilet-gents &
1 60.0 Sq.mt. 15 A C 1,750 cfm Exhaust Blower
ladies

Toilet-gents &
2 60 Sq.mt. 15 A C 1,750 cfm Exhaust Blower
ladies

THIRD FLOOR

SL
DESCRIPTIONAREA SQ.FTAIR CHANGE BLOWER
NO

1 Toilet-gents & 60.0 Sq.mt. 15 A C 1,750 cfm Exhaust Blower


ladies
Toilet-gents &
2 60 Sq.mt. 15 A C 1,750 cfm Exhaust Blower
ladies

FOURTH FLOOR

SL
DESCRIPTIONAREA SQ.FTAIR CHANGE BLOWER
NO

Toilet-gents &
1 60.0 Sq.mt. 15 A C 1,750 cfm Exhaust Blower
ladies

Toilet-gents &
2 60 Sq.mt. 15 A C 1,750 cfm Exhaust Blower
ladies

FIFTH FLOOR

SL
DESCRIPTIONAREA SQ.FTAIR CHANGE BLOWER
NO

Toilet-gents &
1 60.0 Sq.mt. 15 A C 1,750 cfm Exhaust Blower
ladies

Toilet-gents &
2 60 Sq.mt. 15 A C 1,750 cfm Exhaust Blower
ladies

OFFICE AREA

SIXTH FLOOR

SL
DESCRIPTIONAREA SQ.FTAIR CHANGE BLOWER
NO

1 Toilet-ladies 34.0 Sq.mt. 15 A C 1,000 cfm Exhaust Blower

2 Toilet-gents 25.0 Sq.mt. 15 A C 750 cfm Exhaust Blower


SEVENTH FLOOR

SL
DESCRIPTIONAREA SQ.FTAIR CHANGE BLOWER
NO
1 Toilet-ladies 34.0 Sq.mt. 15 A C 1,000 cfm Exhaust Blower

2 Toilet-gents 25.0 Sq.mt. 15 A C 750 cfm Exhaust Blower

EIGHTH FLOOR

SL
DESCRIPTIONAREA SQ.FTAIR CHANGE BLOWER
NO

Preliminary Design Basic Report 19

1 Toilet-ladies 34.0 Sq.mt. 15 A C 1,000 cfm Exhaust Blower

2 Toilet-gents 25.0 Sq.mt. 15 A C 750 cfm Exhaust Blower


NINTH
FLOOR

SL AIR
DESCRIPTION AREA SQ.FT BLOWER
CHANGE
NO

1 Toilet-ladies 34.0 Sq.mt. 15 A C 1,000 cfm Exhaust Blower


2 Toilet-gents 25.0 Sq.mt. 15 A C 750 cfm Exhaust Blower

STAIRCASE PRESSURIZATION
SYSTEM

23000 CFM Exhaust


1 Stair -1
Blower

23000 CFM Exhaust


2 Stair -2
Blower

BASIS OF DESIGN-PHASE 2

The complete air conditioning system shall be designed taking into account the following
parameters.

PROJECT - KENZ INN, TRICHUR

Outside design condition - 35 C. DB, 27.77 C WB


22 C +/- 1.1 . C, RH 55+/-
Inside design condition -
5%

AREA AREA NO. OF AIR AIR


No OCCUPANCY TR Unit Proposed
CH. QTY
DESCRIPTION SQ.FT
PHASE-2

HOTEL BLOCK
SECOND
FLOOR

18 TR Double
Main Kitchen,
skin floor
18.0 mounted
1 Bakery,Dry 2045 25 3 air change 7200
TR Horizontal
wash, Pantry AHU

2 Restaurant 1725 45 2 air change 15.0 6000 15 TR Double


TR skin
ceiling
suspended
AHU

34 TR Double
5
skin floor
cfm/person+
34.0 mounted
3 Atrium Lobby 5200 150 13600
0.06 cfm/sq. TR Horizontal
Ft
AHU
5
3.0
4 Front Office 345 4 cfm/person+ 1200 3 TR FCU
TR
0.06 cfm/sq.
Ft

Total AC Area 9,315


Total Tonnage = 70.0 TR
=
Sq.ft.
THIRD
FLOOR

18 TR Double
Main Kitchen,
skin floor
18.0 mounted
1 Bakery,Dry 2045 25 3 Air Change 7200
TR Horizontal
wash, Pantry AHU
7.5 12 TR Double
12.0
2 Bar 1500 45 cfm/person+ 4800 skin
TR
Ceiling
0.18 cfm/sq.
suspended
Ft
AHU

7.5 18.0 18 TR
3 Speciality 2175 60 7200
cfm/person+ TR FLOOR
0.06 cfm/sq. MOUNTED
Restaurant
Ft AHU

Preliminary Design Basic Report20


5 cfm/person+
4 Back Office 300 4 2.0 TR 800 2 TR FCU
0.06 cfm/sq. Ft

6 cfm/person+ 12.0 12 TR Double skin


5 Atrium Lobby 1645 30 4800
TR Ceiling suspended
0.06 cfm/sq. Ft
AHU

Total Area = 7,665 Total Tonnage = 62.0 TR


Sq.ft.
FOURTH FLOOR
Mini Conference 5 cfm/person+ 12.0 12 TR Double skin
1 1940 50 4800
TR Ceiling suspended
1 0.06 cfm/sq. Ft
AHU

Mini Conference 5 cfm/person+ 6 TR Double skin


2 795 15 6.0 TR 2400
Ceiling suspended
2 0.06 cfm/sq. Ft
AHU

2 x 25 TR Double skin
7.5 cfm/person+
50.0
3 Banquet Hall 5350 300 20000 floor mounted
TR
0.06 cfm/sq. Ft
Horizontal AHU
Pre Function 7.5 cfm/person+ 15.0 15 TR Double skin
4 2150 50 6000
TR Ceiling suspended
Lobby 0.06 cfm/sq. Ft
AHU

10,235
Total Area = Total Tonnage = 83.0 TR
Sq.ft.
FIFTH FLOOR

1 Business Centre 120 2 5 cfm/person+ 1.2 TR 480 1.5 TR FCU


0.06 cfm/sq. Ft

5 cfm/person+
2 Mini Conference 300 8 2.0 TR 800 2 TR FCU
0.06 cfm/sq. Ft

5 cfm/person+ 4 TR Double skin


3 Board Room 560 12 4.0 TR 1600
Ceiling suspended
0.06 cfm/sq. Ft
AHU

Total Area = 980 Total Tonnage = 7.2 TR


Sq.ft.
SIXTH FLOOR

7.5 cfm/person+ 5 TR Double skin


1 Ladies SPA 585 10 5.0 TR 2000
Ceiling suspended
0.06 cfm/sq. Ft
AHU

Steam & Sauna 7.5 cfm/person+ 5 TR Double skin


2 440 6 4.0 TR 1600
F Ceiling suspended
0.06 cfm/sq. Ft
AHU

3 Massage Room 370 6 7.5 cfm/person+ 3.0 TR 1200 3 TR FCU


0.06 cfm/sq. Ft
20 cfm/person+ 9 TR Double skin
4 Gymnasium 1210 25 9.0 TR 3600
Ceiling suspended
0.06 cfm/sq. Ft
AHU

5 Gents SPA 585 10 7.5 cfm/person+ 4.5 TR 1800 5 TR Double skin


Ceiling suspended
0.06 cfm/sq. Ft
AHU

Steam & Sauna 7.5 cfm/person+


6 380 6 3.5 TR 1400 3 TR FCU
M 0.06 cfm/sq. Ft

5 cfm/person+ 14.0 14 TR Double skin


7 SPA Reception 2295 20 5600
TR Ceiling suspended
0.06 cfm/sq. Ft
AHU

Preliminary Design Basic


21
Report

5,865
Total Area = Total Tonnage = 43.0 TR
Sq.ft.
TYPICAL FLOORS (7-15)

Living Room 2 5 cfm/person+


1 322 4 1.8 TR 800 2 x 2 TR FCU
0.06 cfm/sq.
Nos
Ft

2 Suite Room 2 322 4 5 cfm/person+ 1.8 TR 800 2 x 2 TR FCU


0.06 cfm/sq.
Nos
Ft

3 Guest Room 7 322 4 5 cfm/person+ 1.8 TR 800 7 x 2 TR FCU


0.06 cfm/sq.
Nos
Ft

6 TR Double skin
Ceiling
suspended AHU
4 TFA for rooms 5.5 TR 900
with 8
Row coil

7.5 14 TR Double
5 Passage 2650 30 cfm/person+ 14.0 TR 5600 skin
0.06 cfm/sq. Ceiling suspended
Ft AHU

Total Area = 6,192 Total Tonnage = 39.3 TR


Sq.ft.
55,728
TOTAL (7-15) Total Tonnage = 353.7 TR
Sq.ft.
SIXTEENTH FLOOR

7.5
4 TR Double skin
1 Staff Training 580 10 cfm/person+ 3.5 TR 1400
0.06 cfm/sq. Ceiling suspended
Ft AHU

15 TR double skin
Laundry & House
2 920 10 5 Air change 11.0 TR 4400 c/s
AHU with 6 row
Keeping
coil

7.5
3 Staff Dining 370 5 cfm/person+ 2.5 TR 1000 2.5 TR FCU
0.06 cfm/sq.
Ft

Executive Staff
5 cfm/person+
4 Locker Room 370 5 2.5 TR 1000 2.5 TR FCU
0.06 cfm/sq.
Ft
Gents
Executive Staff
5 cfm/person+
5 Locker Room 370 5 2.5 TR 1000 2.5 TR FCU
0.06 cfm/sq.
Ft
Ladies
Junior Staff 5 cfm/person+
6 370 4 2.5 TR 1000 2.5 TR FCU
0.06 cfm/sq.
Locker Room
Ft

5 cfm/person+ 4 TR Double skin


7 Prayer Hall 610 5 4.0 TR 1600
0.06 cfm/sq. Ceiling suspended
Ft AHU

Hotel Back Office 5 cfm/person+ 4 TR Double skin


8 580 10 4.0 TR 1600
0.06 cfm/sq. Ceiling suspended
& Accounts
Ft AHU

4,170
Total Area = Total Tonnage = 32.5 TR
Sq.ft.
TERRACE FLOOR

Lift Machine
Room
Inside
5 cfm/person+
1 Condition 450 1 3.0 TR 1200 3 TR FCU
28 0.06 cfm/sq.
-
Deg Ft
C

Preliminary Design Basic


22
Report
Lift Machine
Room
Inside Condition 5 cfm/person+ 2.0 2 TR
2 290 1 800
TR FCU
- 28 Deg 0.06 cfm/sq. Ft
C

Total 740 Total Tonnage


= 5.0 TR
Area =
Sq.ft.

TOTAL AC AREA 94,698 Sq.ft.


TOTAL TONNAGE 656.4 TR

VENTILLATION SYSTEM

Second floor

Area Air
No Area Description Units Proposed
change
sq.m

1 Ladies Toilet 20 Sq.mt. 15 A C


1500 cfm Exhaust Blower
2 Gents Toilet 33 Sq.mt. 15 A C

188 14000 cfm exhaust blower with UV-C


2 40 A C
Greese removal system
Kitchen Exhaust Sq.mt.
12000 cfm fresh air blower

Third Floor

1 Ladies Toilet 20 Sq.mt. 15 A C


1500 cfm Exhaust Blower
2 Gents Toilet 33 Sq.mt. 15 A C

188 14000 cfm exhaust blower with UV-C


2 40 A C
Greese removal system
Kitchen Exhaust Sq.mt.

12000 cfm fresh air blower

Fourth Floor

1 Ladies Toilet 20 Sq.mt. 15 A C


1500 cfm Exhaust Blower
2 Gents Toilet 33 Sq.mt. 15 A C

Sixth Floor
1 ladies spa toilet 8 Sq.mt. 15 A C 200 cfm Exhaust Blower

2 massage-toilet 4 Sq.mt. 15 A C 100 cfm Exhaust Blower

1 gents spa toilet 8 Sq.mt. 15 A C 200 cfm Exhaust Blower

Typical Floor(7-15)

Room toilet ,11


1 6 Sq.mt. 15 A C 9 x 700 cfm exhaust blower
Nos

16th Floor

1 Toilet 6 Sq.mt. 15 A C 4 x 150 cfm Exhaust Blower

STAIRCASE PRESSURIZATION
SYSTEM

23000 CFM Exhaust


1 Stair -1
Blower

23000 CFM Exhaust


2 Stair -2
Blower
Preliminary Design Basic Report23

BASIS OF DESIGN-CONVENTION CENTER


The complete air conditioning system shall be designed taking into account the following
parameters.

PROJECT - KENZ INN, TRICHUR

Outside design
- 35 C. DB, 27.77 C WB
condition

Inside design
- 22 C +/- 1.1 . C, RH 55+/- 5%
condition
AREA AREA NO. OF AIR
No OCCUPANCY TR AIR QTY
CH.
DESCRIPTION SQ.FT

SECOND
FLOOR

7.5 32 TR Double
Pre function
1 4300 200 cfm/person+ 32.0 TR 12800 skin floor
0.06 cfm/sq. mounted
Lobby
Ft vertical AHU

2 X 34TR
7.5
Double skin
cfm/person+
2 Dining 7500 495 68.0 TR 27200 floor mounted
0.06 cfm/sq.
Ft Horizontal
AHU

5
3 front office 355 4 2.5 TR 1000 2.5 TR FCU
cfm/person+
0.06 cfm/sq.
Ft

Total AC Area = 12,155 Total Tonnage = 102.5 TR


Sq.ft.
THIRD
FLOOR

7.5 26 TR Double
Pre function
1 3530 200 cfm/person+ 26.0 TR 10400 skin floor
0.06 cfm/sq. mounted
Lobby
Ft vertical AHU

2 X 35TR
7.5
Double skin
cfm/person+
2 Dining 8700 580 70.0 TR 28000 floor mounted
0.06 cfm/sq.
Ft
Horizontal
AHU

Total
12,230
Total AC Area = Tonnage 96.0 TR
Sq.ft.
=
FOURTH
FLOOR

20 TR Double
1 kitchen 2320 25 3 air change 20.0 TR 8000 skin floor
mounted
vertical AHU

34 TR Double
7.5
Prefunction skin floor
cfm/person+
mounted
2 4550 100 33.4 TR 13360
0.06 cfm/sq. Horizontal
lobby lower
Ft AHU

2 X 50TR
5
Double skin
cfm/person+
100.0
3 Auditorium 8825 850 40000 floor mounted
0.06 cfm/sq. TR
ft Horizontal
AHU

7.5 14 TR Double
cfm/person+ skin
0.06
4 stage 1080 20 14.0 TR 5600
cfm/sq.ft+ ceiling
suspended
10watt/sq.ft AHU

5
5 green room 230 8 cfm/person+ 2.0 TR 800 2 TR FCU
0.06 cfm/sq.
Ft

5 green room 230 8 5 2.0 TR 800 2 TR FCU


cfm/person+
0.06 cfm/sq.
Ft

Preliminary Design Basic


24
Report
24 TR Double
Prefunction 5 cfm/person+ skin floor
24.0 mounted
6 3150 150 9600
TR Horizontal
lobby upper 0.06 cfm/sq. Ft
AHU

4 TR Double
5 cfm/person+ 4.0
7 ladies toilet 430 15 1600 skin ceiling
TR
suspended
0.06 cfm/sq. Ft
AHU

8 TR Double
5 cfm/person+ 8.0
8 gents toilet 970 35 3200 skin ceiling
TR
suspended
0.06 cfm/sq. Ft
AHU

21,785 207.4
Total Area = Total Tonnage =
TR
Sq.ft.
FIFTH FLOOR

16 TR Double
Prefunction 5 cfm/person+ 16.0
2 2025 100 6400 skin
TR
ceiling
lobby 0.06 cfm/sq. Ft suspended
AHU

12 TR Double
5 cfm/person+ 12.0
3 administration 1615 15 4800 skin
TR
ceiling
0.06 cfm/sq. Ft suspended
AHU

3,640
Total Area = Total Tonnage = 28.0 TR
Sq.ft.
TOTAL AC AREA 49,810 Sq.ft.
TOTAL
433.9 TR
TONNAGE
VENTILLATION

SECOND
FLOOR

AREA AIR
NODESCRIPTION BLOWER
SQ.FT CHANGE

1 Toilet-gents 46 15 A C 1,500 cfm Exhaust Blower


Sq.mt.

40
2 Toilet-ladies 15 A C 1,200 cfm Exhaust Blower
Sq.mt.

16
3 pantry 10 A C 300 cfm Exhaust Blower
Sq.mt.

THIRD FLOOR

AREA AIR
NODESCRIPTION BLOWER
SQ.FT CHANGE

46
1 Toilet-gents 15 A C 1,500 cfm Exhaust Blower
Sq.mt.

40
2 Toilet-ladies 15 A C 1,200 cfm Exhaust Blower
Sq.mt.

16
3 pantry 10 A C 300 cfm Exhaust Blower
Sq.mt.

FOURTH FLOOR

AREA AIR
NODESCRIPTION BLOWER
SQ.FT CHANGE

Toilet- near 3
1 15 A C 80 cfm Exhaust Blower
Sq.mt.
kitchen
2 Toilet-green 6 15 A C 200 cfm Exhaust Blower
room Sq.mt.

3 Toilet-ladies 40 15 A C 1,200 cfm Exhaust Blower


Sq.mt.

4 Toilet-gents 90 15 A C 3,000 cfm Exhaust Blower


Sq.mt.

FIFTH FLOOR

SL AREA AIR
DESCRIPTION BLOWER
NO SQ.FT CHANGE

1 Toilet-account 13 15 A C 400 cfm Exhaust Blower


office Sq.mt.
Preliminary Design Basic Report25

SECTION -4 SYSTEM PROPOSAL

TOTAL TONNAGE

PHASE -1

AREA AC AREA TOTAL TONNAGE

SHOPPING, MALL244,065 Sq.ft.1,494.1 TR

SHOWROOM 124,455 Sq.ft.792.0 TR

OFFICE 55,420 Sq. ft. 408.0 TR

TOTAL 423,940 Sq.ft.2,694.1 TR

PHASE -2

HOTEL 94,698 Sq.ft. 656.4 TR

CONVENTION 49,810 Sq.ft. 433.9 TR

TOTAL 144,508 Sq.ft.1,090.3 TR

GRAND TOTAL 568,448 Sq.ft.3,784.4 TR

PLANT PROPOSED
Option -1 Option -2 Option-3

Plant 6 x 450 TR Water cooled 4 x 450 TR water cooled Thermal storage


proposedcentrifugal chiller centrifugal chiller + 3 x system
275 TR Screw chiller

This systems, especially


Here a Single chiller plant is Here the chiller plant is
in
considered as two buildings,
provided for the whole project, commercial
segments 4 x are
this will able to provide a 450TR and 3 x 270TR.
the most significant
diversity This Option
The is best in-case the Hotel
of 65%. T Chillers contributors tothe peak
high Demands
electrical
considered here will lowers the a Separate plant for their seen on
loads
operation. It will provide
connected power requirements hot summer days. In this
with a
diversity of 75%, during
which also reduce the pipes, application a relatively
lesser
load hours a single 270
valves, fittings etc. standard chiller is run at
TR is
enough to operate. This
night to produce a pile of
will
reduce the power
ice.
consumption.

(For the pupose of Drawing and calculation . Option 1 only considered

Preliminary Design Basic Report26

SECTION -5 POWER DETAILS

POWER DETAILS

CHILLER OPTION FOR SHOPPING MALL AND SHOWROOM + OFFICE - PHASE -1

GRAND TOTAL TONNAGE FOR MALL + SHOPPING AREA +


2,700 TR
OFFICE

450 TR CENTRIFUGAL 4 Nos. WORKING


Water Cooled Chiller @ 0.6 KW / TR = 1,440 HP
Chilled water Primary pump 5 Nos.20 HP each (1 stand by) = 80 HP
Chilled water secondary pump 5 Nos. 40 HP each (1 stand by) = 160 HP
Condenser water pump 5 Nos. 50 HP (1stand by) = 200 HP
450 TR Cooling Tower, 4 Nos. 20 HP each = 80 HP
AHU'S & Car park Ventilation system(Approx.) = 1,300 HP

TOTAL HP = 3,260 HP = 2,702 KVA

POWER CONSUMPTION
DETAILS
Load( KVA) 2702
Days 30
Hours 10 (with diversity) (apporx.)
Unit cost 5
Diversity 80%
Monthly power charge = Rs. 3242613
water requirement for water cooled chiller
4 x 450TR x 4 GPM/TR x 3.8 Lts/Min.x 60(M) x Water
= 13,132,800 Lts
circulation
10(H)x 80% Diversity
0.01 Loss by drift and evaporation in the waterconsumption/day
= 13,132,800 x 0.01 = 131,328 Lts
131,328 Lts .\ 8,000 Lts \Lorry= 16 Lorry
= 30 (D) x Rs. 500/- x
water cost /month = Rs. 240000
3

MONTHLY POWER +WATER COST = Rs. 3482613

SUMMARY

TOTAL HP = 3,260 HP

MONTHLY POWER +WATER


= Rs. 3482613
COST

YEARLY COST = Rs. 41791360

Preliminary Design Basic Report27

POWER DETAILS

CHILLER OPTION FOR HOTEL AND CONVENTION CENTRE - PHASE -2


GRAND TOTAL TONNAGE 1,100 TR

450 TR CENTRIFUGAL 2 Nos. WORKING


Water Cooled Chiller @ 0.6 KW / TR = 720 HP
Chilled water Primary pump 3 Nos.20 HP each (1 stand by) = 40 HP
Chilled water secondary pump 3 Nos. 40 HP each (1 stand by) = 80 HP
Condenser water pump 3 Nos. 50 HP (1stand by) = 100 HP
450 TR Cooling Tower, 2 Nos. 20 HP each = 20 HP
AHU'S & Ventilation system(Approx.) = 440 HP

TOTAL HP = 1,400 HP =1,160 KVA

POWER CONSUMPTION DETAILS


Load( KVA) 1160
Days 30
(with
Hours 10
diversity)
Unit cost 5
Diversity 80%
Monthly power charge = Rs. 1392533
water requirement for water cooled chiller
2 x 450TR x 4 GPM/TR x 3.8 Lts/Min.x 60(M) x Water
= 6,566,400 Lts
circulation
10(H)x 80% Diversity
0.01 Loss by drift and evaporation in the waterconsumption/day
= 6,566,400 x 0.01 = 65,664 Lts
65,664 Lts .\ 8,000 Lts \Lorry= 8 Lorry
= 30 (D) x Rs. 500/-
water cost /month = Rs. 120000
x8

MONTHLY POWER + WATER COST = Rs. 1512533

SUMMARY

TOTAL HP = 1,400 HP

MONTHLY POWER +WATER COST = Rs. 1512533

YEARLY COST = Rs. 18150400

Preliminary Design
28
Basic Report
SECTION -6 PRELIMINARY ESTIMATE

PRELIMINARY ESTIMATE

PHASE -1
PHASE -2
MALL +
N
DESCRIPTION HOTEL +
O
SHOWROOM
CONVENTION
+ OFFICE

4 X 450 TR chiller2 X 450 TR chiller

PART 1 - HIGH SIDE


1 Water cooled centrifugal chiller Rs. 20700000 Rs. 10350000
2 Pumps, cooling tower, VFD Rs. 11700000 Rs. 5850000
3 Chilled water piping and Valves Rs. 26535000 Rs. 9350000

4 Condenser water piping and valves Rs. 5400000 Rs. 2400000


5 Electrical works Rs. 5940000 Rs. 2420000

Additional work, Ventilation system


6 Toilet, Pressurization system , car parkRs. 11050000 Rs. 1650000
ventilation etc.
AC TOTAL Rs. 81325000 Rs. 32020000
PART 2 - LOW SIDE

1 AHU/FCU/Cassettes Rs. 22950000 Rs. 9350000


1 Sheet Metal Works Rs. 27000000 Rs. 11000000
AC TOTAL Rs. 49950000 Rs. 20350000

Rs. 131275000 Rs. 52370000


GRAND TOTAL
Rs. 18,36,45,000
Preliminary Design Basic Report29

SECTION -7 PROJECT SUMMARY

SUMMARY

PHASE -1 PHASE -2 TOTAL

SHOPPING MALL,
NO. DESCRIPTION
HOTEL ,
SHOWROOM,
CONVENTION
OFFICE

1 TOTAL TR 2,700.0 TR 1,100.0 TR 3,800.0 TR


4 X 450 TR Water 2 X 450 TR Water
SYSTEM
2 cooled centrifugal cooled centrifugal
PROPOSED
chiller chiller

POWER DETAILS

3 TOTAL HP 3,260 HP 1,400 HP 4,660 HP

MONTHLY
4 Rs. 3482613 Rs. 1512533 Rs. 4995147
POWER CHARGE

YEARLY POWER
5 Rs. 41791360 Rs. 18150400 Rs. 59941760
CHARGE

ESTIMATE

TOTAL ESTMATE
(UP TO
6 BUTTERFLY Rs. 81325000 Rs. 32020000 Rs. 113345000
VALVES OF
EACH AREA)

TOTAL ESTMATE
INCLUDING AHU
7 Rs. 49950000 Rs. 20350000 Rs. 70300000
& SHEET METAL
WORK

Preliminary Design Basic Report30

SECTION 8 BRIEF DESCRIPTION ABOUT KENZS SYSTEM:

DESIGN ASPECTS:

1. HIGH SIDE SYSTEM

Central Air Conditioning System

The central air conditioning system shall consist of water chilling units, multiple primary
chilled water pumps, secondary chilled water pumps with variable frequency drives,
condensing water pumps, cooling towers, chilled and condensing water piping with
accessories , insulation. System shall provide sufficient capacity to meet peak cooling. Its
electrical and other common systems are connected in a separate transformer and DG which
is HT metering and billed as common services. The power for this is connected to tenants
common transformer and will be billed with tenants meter.

Most high side equipment shall be housed in the air conditioning plant room. Chilled water
from chilling units shall be pumped to the various floors through insulated water pipes
installed in the ceiling spaces/vertical shafts. All pipes within plant room shall be supported
off the floor on secondary beams to avoid transmission of vibration to ceiling slab. Also to
take care of expansion pressurized expansion tank along with air separator shall be provided
in the plant room.

Plant machinery in the plant room shall be placed on PCC/ RCC foundation and shall be
provided with anti-vibratory supports.

Pumping System

The chilled water pumping system shall be primary-secondary configuration wherein


secondary chilled water pumps (including standby) shall be provided with variable speed
drive and water flow in load circuit shall be varied but the same through the chiller

Variable Frequency drives

Variable Frequency Drives (VFD) shall be used with secondary chilled water pumps to vary
flow of chilled water to various terminal units in response to load demand, by varying the
speed of chilled water pumps. VFD shall be pulse width modulation type, suitable for pump
motor ratings.

Piping

All chilled water and condensing water pipes shall be mild steel relevant to BIS Codes. All
jointing in the pipe system shall be by welding and will be consisting of butterfly valves,
balancing valves, ball

Preliminary Design Basic Report31


valves and non return valves as per schematic drawings. Condensate drain piping shall be
GI / PVC conforming to relevant BIS Codes.

2. LOW SIDE SYSTEM

Air Handling Units (AHU)

High efficiency Double skin air-handling units that generate minimum noise is proposed for
each area. AHUs are provided with Variable Frequency Drives (VFD) which will help in
reducing the power consumption and double skin AHU are selected for reducing the noise
level. The chilled water is circulated by secondary pumps to AHUs located at various areas
through insulated piping.

Sheet metal work

All ducts shall be fabricated out of galvanized sheet steel (GSS) as per SMACNA standard
for long life and as per fire norms. Motorized smoke dampers shall be installed within supply
air ducts and return air ducts at AHU room wall crossings, to prevent spread of smoke / fire to
the adjoining areas. Fire dampers will be provided as per requirements. Acoustic and thermal
Insulation will be given as per standards.

Insulation

Insulation material for ducts shall be Nitrile rubber or cross linked polyethylene foam.
Extruded polystyrene pre-moulded pipe sections shall be used for pipes of all diameters.
Pipes provided with thermal insulation shall be covered with protective coating against
mechanical damages. All exposed thermal insulation shall be provided with Aluminum
cladding including those inside the plant room.
Preliminary Design Basic Report32

Car Park and Toilet Ventilation


Car park ventilation is provided with jet fans at the rate of 6-12 ACPH, 12ACPH will be
working when there is a fire alarm. On detecting a fire emergency signal, the Jet fan is
automatically switched from day-to-day into fire mode. Jet Fan units and main extract fans
are run to full design speed - reaching full speed and maximum thrust in just a matter of
seconds. Figure shows how a jet fan is hanged in the car park area.

Toilet ventilation is provided with exhaust blowers at the rate of 15 ACPH.

Heat Recovery Wheel

Since all buildings require a source of fresh air, the need for HRWs has become obvious.
While opening a window does provide ventilation, the building's heat and humidity will then
be lost in the winter and gained in the summer, both of which are undesirable for the indoor
climate and for energy efficiency, Since the building's HVAC systems must compensate.
HRW technology offers an optimal solution: fresh air, better climate control, and Energy
efficiency - Sustainability.

Preliminary Design Basic Report33

Figure explains the basic working principle of heat recovery wheel. The stale air i.e. the air
which is exhausted from the toilets (in this case) will be given to the heat recovery wheel.
The energy which is recovered from this will be mixed with the fresh air and will be supplied
as fresh air to the rooms. This will reduce the load on the machines which in turn help in
reducing the power consumption. Depending on the model, HRVs can recover up to 80
percent of the heat in the outgoing airstream. And, an HRV contains filters that keep
particulates dust from entering the system.

Kitchen and Coffee Shop

Kitchens shall be maintained at slight negative pressure to prevent spread of food smells in
occupied areas. Greasy air shall pass through UV-C grease removal system and clean air shall
be exhausted outdoor at a rate of 40 ACPH. AHU in kitchen will receive conditioned air from
the restaurants AHU exhaust and this in turn help in reducing the load on kitchen AHU and
which in turn helps in reducing the power consumption.

Stair Case Pressurization

Tall buildings have stairwells that are used in case of emergencies such as fires. Under
normal Conditions, these stairwells need a minimum amount of air circulation and are
connected to the normal ventilation system. During a fire however, they must maintain a
positive pressure relative to the rest of the building to prevent the stairwell from having a
stack effect and drawing smoke into the evacuation route. The main purpose of the staircase
pressurization is safety. The over pressurization keeps the stairwell free of smoke, but must
not obstruct the ability of the people to open and close the doors.Staircases shall be provided
with Pressurization system, consisting of supply air fans. The pressurization fans shall get
activated upon getting the signal from fire alarm.

Preliminary Design Basic Report34

SECTION 9
INTEGRATED BUILDING MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS (IBMS)

An Intelligent Building is one that provides a prolific & cost effective environment through
optimization of its elements such as Structure, Systems, Services and Management and the
interrelationships between them. Optimizations of energy usage and efficiency improvements
are key necessities for enhanced productivity.

The objective of the Integrated Building Management System is to centralize the monitoring,
controlling operations and management of facilities within the building and to achieve more
efficient building operations at reduced energy and labor costs while providing a safe and
quality working environment to the occupants.

A typical building comprises of the following systems that bring life to the building:

Heating Ventilation and Air conditioning system

Plumbing system

Elevators

Electrical Power Systems / DG / UPS

Lighting

Intelligent Fire Detection & Alarm Systems

Fire Suppression Systems

CCTV System

Public Address / 2 Way Communication Systems

Access Control Systems

The Integrated Building management system will integrate all or some of the above systems
to provide the building manager with a single comprehensive operator station platform to
monitor and control the various building functions.

The IBMS collects the operating information needed for intelligent building management.
The operator can easily analyze the operation of the buildings system by viewing all
important features such as for HVAC-temperatures, humiditys and equipment status.
Information is presented on the screen with full color diagrams of the equipment so it easy to
understand. BMS helps in identifying a problem with any of the equipments if any and helps
in maintenance. The entire complex can be converted into an intelligent building using the
Building Management System (BMS) which
Preliminary Design Basic Report35

remarkably enhances the overall performance of the buildings in terms of cost-effectiveness


as well as safety and security.

The Integrated Plant Management System (IPMS) envisaged for this project will have the
state of art architecture that will provide all integration features that is required. Integrated
Plant Management System means the portion of the control system concerned with the
HVAC, Electrical and Fire alarm system. The IPMS system installed shall be hierarchical in
structure. The different levels shall be capable of working in either independently or in
conjunction with one another.

The control system shall be of a high-speed, peer-to-peer network of DDC controllers


communicating on Open Protocol. The System shall depict each mechanical system and
building floor plan by a point-and-click graphic. A Server with a network interface card shall
gather data from this system and generate graphics. Operators shall be able to perform all
normal operator functions through the PC.

SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE FOR IBMS- BMS PC

The system shall directly control the HVAC equipment as specified in IO List. It shall also
furnish energy conservation features such as optimal start and stop, night setback, request-
based logic, and demand level adjustment of set points as specified.

Preliminary Design Basic Report36

Some of the functionalities of automation for each of the systems are as follows:

Heating Ventilation and Air Conditioning System

Various controls are provided to monitor and control the effective and efficient functioning of
the system to maintain a comfortable environment in the building. Various control strategies
are adapted in high side and low side equipment to achieve a comfortable working
environment and at the same time conserving energy. The strategies used in the Chiller and
associated Chilled water and condensing water pumps and cooling towers are Load reset,
Chiller optimization, Chiller sequencing, Optimum start / stop. The strategies used in AHU
equipment are - PID control, Duty cycling, Economizer control, and Enthalpy control.
Necessary interlocks to trip respective AHU in case of fire are provided.

Electrical Power Distribution and DG set control

This involves monitoring of the status of Electrical distribution for voltage, current,
frequency, PF, kW, KVA, kWh and switching off low priority loads when maximum demand
conditions are exceeded. The system can also monitor the Generator set for alarm conditions,
various electrical parameters, and run time.

Ventilation and Exhaust Fan Systems

Monitoring and control of all ventilation fans, exhaust fans, staircase pressurization fans in
the building with necessary interlocks with the fire detection system. CO2 levels in basement
parking lots can be measured and start ventilation fans when levels exceed predefined limits.

Tenant wise Energy Consumption

Monitoring the energy consumption for each tenant for billing purpose. Monitoring and
billing each tenant proportionate use of Generator power and common lighting and utilities.

Lighting Control System

Monitoring and control of lighting distribution boards for switching on / off lighting circuits
depending time scheduling / occupancy. Considerable savings in energy bills can be achieved
by implementing this control.

Elevator Control System

Monitoring all elevators in the building. In case of fire, all elevators brought to the ground
floor. It is also possible to control the elevators to provide access to passengers to only those
floors they have valid access to.

Preliminary Design Basic Report37

Plumbing System

Monitoring and control of other miscellaneous utilities in the building viz. Water
management / pumping systems, sewage system, water quality measurement.

Access Control System

Access control system is provided to control and manage the traffic of people using the
building. Credentials (proximity access cards) are provided to users to gain access to specific
areas. Turnstiles are provided in order to ensure that not more than one person enters the area
on presenting the credential. Also to ensure the same card is not used again anti-pass back
control is provided so that unless the person goes out of the building the same card cannot be
used again. It is possible to program who should go where and at what times. In case of any
forcible entry an alarm is sounded at the security control room and cameras in the area
triggered to record the event. Necessary interlocks will also be provided to ensure free exit in
case of fire condition. It is also possible to switch on / off lights when first person enters or
last person leaves the area.

Surveillance (CCTV) System

Cameras are provided at suitable locations in the buildings with Pan, Tilt and Zoom facility
where required to maintain surveillance of the protected areas. The control station will consist
of a console of monitors from where the entire facility can be monitored. Necessary
interlocks with access, intrusion, fire systems are provided to immediately display on
monitors any emergency in the building. It is also possible to record any event from any of
the cameras in the facility in the time lapse video cassette recorders for investigation and
analysis.

Central Operator Station

All above sub systems can be integrated to common software platform for providing a
reliable, powerful, efficient, and yet easy to use operator interface to effectively and
conveniently manage all building utility functions. Additional operator stations can be
provided at different locations for all or selective monitoring / control of different
subsystems. Multiple password level protection is provided in all operator interfaces to
ensure that only authorized personnel are provided access to view, control, and modify the
system parameters.

Preliminary Design Basic Report38

Advantages of an Integrated Building Management System

Better Co-ordination of Monitoring and Control - By incorporating all monitoring and


control in one single system, it may be more easily rationalized and co-ordinated. Effective
prioritization of the alarms and controls, along with the adjustment of the system parameters,
may also be implemented for each installation

Centralized Presentation of Information - A rational and coherent format for the presentation
of information may be adopted by using one central operating interface or group of
interfaces. Furthermore, one operator may monitor the operation of the entire system and one
recording medium may log all system events.

Improved Administration - Having one system for several functions provides the opportunity
for more efficient administration by the user. Redundant interfaces are removed so that there
is one single system instead of a large number of systems by different vendors leading to
better maintenance of the various subsystems.

Ease of Installation, Alteration, Extension - Reduced cabling in the form of common


network bus enables the system configuration to be easily modified or expanded without
additional wiring and may lead to significant cost reductions.

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