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Basic Structural Element Design to BS 8110-1:1997

1.2 TWO WAY SPANNING SLAB DESIGN

Reference Design Calculations Output


Design of Slab Panel Between Grids A/B and 1/2)
Assume a slab thickness of a 162.5mm.
Top and bottom cover to reinforcement is 25mm.
Effective depth
Short way =162.5-25-10/2=132.5mm
Long way =162.5-25-10-10/2=122.5mm

Loading
Self-weight =0.1625x24=3.9kN/m2
Finishes =1kN/m2
Imposed load =1.5kN/m2
So the design load =1.4x(3.9+1)+1.6x1.5=9.26kN/m2

Bending moments
ly/lx=7.470/5.570=1.34<2(Hence the slab panel is two-way
spanning).
Type of slab panel-Two adjacent edges discontinuous
Table 3.14 Short way ,continuous edge

= sxnl2x = 0.071 9.26 5.5702 = 20.4kNm/m

Short way, mid span

= sxnl2x = 0.053 9.26 5.5702 = 15.23kNm/m

Long way, continuous edge

= synl2x = 0.045 9.26 5.5702 = 12.93kNm/m

Long way, span

= synl2x = 0.034 9.26 5.5702 = 9.77kNm/m

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Basic Structural Element Design to BS 8110-1:1997

Reference Design Calculations Output


Design of reinforcement
Short way, continuous edge
Cl.3.4.4.4 M 20.43 106
K= = = 0.046
fcubd2 25 1000 132.52

0.046
z = d0.5 + 0.25 = 0.95d
0.9

M 20.43 106
Hence A s = = = 371mm2 /m
0.95fy Z 0.95 460 0.95 132.5

UseT10 @175mm(As, provided=449mm2) T10 @ 175


Cl.3.12.11.2.7 Maximum spacing = 3x132.5 =397.5mm
Hence maximum spacing is not violated.
Table 3.27 100As 100 449
= = 0.28 > 0.13
bh 1000 162.5
Hence minimum steel requirement is not violated.
Cl.3.4.4.4 Short way, mid span

M 15.23 106
K= = = 0.034
fcubd2 25 1000 132.52

K
z = d0.5 + 0.25 = 0.96dbut should be less than 0.95d
0.9

M 15.23 106
Hence A s = = = 277mm2 /m
0.95fy Z 0.95 460 0.95 132.5

UseT10 @175mm(As, provided=449mm2) T10 @ 175


Clause Maximum spacing = 3x132.5 =397.5mm
3.12.11.2.7 Hence maximum spacing is not violated.
Table 3.25 100As 100 449
= = 0.28 > 0.13
bh 1000 162.5
Hence minimum steel requirement is not violated.

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Basic Structural Element Design to BS 8110-1:1997

Reference Design Calculations Output


Cl.3.4.4.4 Long way, continuous edge
BS 8110 M 12.93 106
K= = = 0.034
fcubd2 25 1000 122.52

K
z = d0.5 + 0.25 = 0.96d > 0.95d
0.9

M 12.93 106
Hence A s = = = 254mm2
0.95fy Z 0.95 460 0.95 122.5

UseT10 @200mm(As, provided=392mm2) T10 @


200
Clause Maximum spacing = 3x122.5 =367.5mm
3.12.11.2.7 Hence maximum spacing is not violated.
Table 3.27 100As 100 392
= = 0.24 > 0.13
bh 1000 162.5
Hence minimum steel requirement is not violated.
C.3.4.4.4 Long way, mid span
BS 8110 M 9.77 106
K= = = 0.026
fcubd2 25 1000 122.52

K
z = d0.5 + 0.25 = 0.97d > 0.95d
0.9

M 9.77 106
Hence A s = = = 192mm2
0.95fy Z 0.95 460 0.95 122.5

UseT10 @200mm(As, provided=392mm2) T10@200


Table 3.25 100As 100 392
= = 0.24 > 0.13
bh 1000 162.5
Hence minimum steel requirement is not violated.
Cl.3.12.11.2.7 Maximum spacing = 3x122.5 =367.5mm
Hence maximum spacing is not violated.

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Basic Structural Element Design to BS 8110-1:1997

Reference Design Calculations Output


Checks for deflection

M 12.23 106
= = 0.85
bd2 1000 1202
2fyA s,req 2 460 277
fs = = = 189N/mm2
3A s,prov 3 449

Modification factor for tension reinforcement


(477 - f ) (477 - 189)
f = 0.55 + s = 0.55 + = 1.91
120(0.9 + M ) 120(0.9 + 0.86)
bd2
Table 3.9 Basic Span/Effective depth=23
Allowable Span/Effective depth=26x1.91=50
Actual Span/Effective depth=5570/132.5=42
Hence the deflection is within allowable limits. Deflection
is O.K

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Basic Structural Element Design to BS 8110-1:1997

Reference Design Calculations Output


Cl.3.12.11.2.7 Maximum spacing = 3x110 =330mm
Hence maximum spacing is not violated.
Table 3.25 100As 100 392
= = 0.26 > 0.13
bh 1000 150
Hence minimum steel requirement is not violated.
Checks for deflection

M 12.23 106
= = 0.85
bd2 1000 1202
2fyA s,req 2 460 245
fs = = = 192N/mm2
3A s,prov 3 392

Modification factor for tension reinforcement


(477 - f ) (477 - 192)
f = 0.55 + s = 0.55 + = 1.91
120(0.9 + M ) 120(0.9 + 0.85)
bd2
Table 3.9 Basic Span/Effective depth=26
Allowable Span/Effective depth=26x1.91=50
Actual Span/Effective depth=5570/120=46
Hence the deflection is within allowable limits. Deflection
is O.K

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Basic Structural Element Design to BS 8110-1:1997

Reference Design Calculations Output


Checks for shear
Table 3.15 Short way support = 0.51x9.26x5.570=26.30kN/m
26.30 1000
v= = 0.20N/mm2
1000 132.5
Table 3.8 Concrete shear stress
1 1
100As 3 400 4 1
v c = 0.79
bd d m
1 1
100 449 3 400 4 1
vc = 0.79
1000 132.5 132.5 1.25
= 0.58N/mm2 > 0.20N/mm2
Hence no shear reinforcement is required. No shear
r/f
required
Table 3.15 Long way support = 0.40x9.26x5.570=20.63kN/m
20.63 1000
v= = 0.17N/mm2
1000 122.5
Table 3.8 Concrete shear stress
1 1
100As 3 400 4 1
v c = 0.79
bd d m
1 1
100 393 3 400 4 1
vc = 0.79
1000 122.5 122.5 1.25
= 0.58N/mm2 > 0.17N/mm2
Hence no shear reinforcement is required. No shear
r/f
required

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