Hitachi’s Smart Grid Definition
Hitachi’s definition: Smart Grid is reliable and efficient next generation power grid necessary for building low-carbon society.
■ Collaboration with renewable and distributed energy resources

1st ASIA SOLAR ENERGY FORUM

Hitachi Smart Grid Technologies and Solutions
July 5, 2010

Low-Carbon Society

■ Nuclear power generation

Smart Grid
Reliabili ty Energy Efficiency

Yuji NAKATA
Senior Chief Engineer, Information and Control Systems Company
Hitachi, Ltd.

■ Maintain/ improve reliability of power supply and quality. ■ Adaptive & Self-healing Grid Control
© Hitachi, Ltd. 2009. All rights reserved.

■ Energy saving ■ Asset & capital optimization ■ Workforce efficiency
© Hitachi, Ltd. 2010. All rights reserved.

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Current status of Power System in Japan
Japanese utilities offer the world’s highest reliability.

Smart Grid Overview

Low-Carbon Society

Collaboration with renewable and distributed energy resources Nuclear power generation
Interruption duration (per year, per customer) 100 88 97 80 60 40 20 0 19
Japan U.K. U.S.A. France (2006) (2006) (2006) (2004)
(The federation of electric power companies of Japan)

Renewable Energy
Wind
Fluctuation
Minute

Battery Connection

Efficiency
EMS,DMS, CIS,etc.
123.4

Customer
Factory

Photovoltaic

Power Grid

123.4

Office

Reliability

Maintain/ improve reliability of power supply and quality. Adaptive & Self-healing Grid Control

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Centralized Generation
G

Power Quality Control
AMI
123.4

DER

Energy Efficiency

Energy saving Asset & capital optimization Workforce efficiency

G Thermal SV R SV C LB C Nuclear Stability Control Hydro + f0 - Pumped

Voltage? Change

House

EV
Demand
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Supply

Hitachi is one of key suppliers.
© Hitachi, Ltd. 2010. All rights reserved.

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SVR : Step Voltage Regulator, SVC : Static Var Compensator, LBC : Loop Balance Controller, EV : Electric Vehicle CIS : Customer Information System © Hitachi, Ltd. 2010. All rights reserved.

Smart Grid System Architecture

Hitachi’s Capability

Smart Grid requires coordinated system from power system and electric equipments to information & communication system
Back office system
Financial Management Asset Management HR Management CIS Accounting/ Billing Meter Data Management

Hitachi is the only company who can offer whole Smart Grid solutions as one stop provider with its business experience and technology both in Power and Information.
Power 電力エネルギー技 and Energy technologies Information technologies 情報通信技術 (IT) (IT) ・ Information system technology ・ Comm. network technology Information and Telecommunication

Front office system
Information & communication infrastructur e
AGC EMS SCADA DMS Customer Service Meter Data Collection

術 ・ Power equipment, control & protection system technologies ・ Engineering technologies Power and Energy

Communication network for supervisory and control Generation Transmission Substation Distribution Power System infrastructure

Communication network for customer communication

Customer

Photovoltaic

•Nuclear, thermal and •IT Platform solution hydro power generation •Information system system solution •Renewable energy system •Power IT solution •T&D system •Grid control system Key component & Material ・Power device •Battery ・Generator, Converter •High-functional material
Source : Federation of Electric Power Companies of Japan

© Hitachi, Ltd. 2010. All rights reserved.

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© Hitachi, Ltd. 2010. All rights reserved.

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6 Hitachi’s Smart Grid Technologies and Solutions
-Facility management system -Meter data management system -Work force management system -System Integrity Protection Scheme (TSC,SSC) Asset -Restrict new energy Financial Management -Distribution management (DMS) Management

7 Solution : Voltage control system for DER
Dynamic Voltage Stability control of distribution network will be required to connect many DER to the network.
Communication Network

Back office system
HR Management CIS Accounting/ Billing Meter Data Management

Obstacles The influence of voltage fluctuation caused by photovoltaic generators is predicted. Solutions State Estimation : Voltage and current values of distribution network are calculated using limited information from sensors. Optimal calculation & control: Optimal output values for SVC,SVR and LBC to maintain network voltage and minimize transmission loss are calculated periodically.
LBC Distribution Line Substation Vref SVC Photovoltaic Load Load

Voltage/Curren t

-Distribution voltage control
-State estimation -Loss minimization

Front office system
AGC EMS SCADA DMS

Information communication i ti infrastructur e

-Demand response -Next-generation Customer Service -Energy saving consumption service

SVC

Customer Service S i

Meter Data Collection C ll i

Vref

-Optical fiber communication

-Generation control (PSS) -Variable speed pumped -storage, Battery

Communication network for supervisory and control

Communication network for customer communication -Communication
Terminal (AMI)
Photovoltaic

SVR Tap position Sensor Terminal

Control Station

Generation Transmission Substation Distribution Electric power energy infrastructure
-SVC,STATCOM -HVDC

Customer

"Demonstrative Project on New Power Network Systems" for Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry (CRIEPI). *1)
*1) This work was carried out under the research contract with the New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO)

-SVC、SVR for distribution -Loop balance controller (LBC) -Amorphous transformer

-Power conditioner -Battery
© Hitachi, Ltd. 2010. All rights reserved.

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DER : Distributed Energy Resources, SVC : Static Var Compensator SVR : Step Voltage Regulator LBC : Loop Balance Controller © Hitachi, Ltd. 2010. All rights reserved.

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Hitachi’s Global Smart Grid Projects

9 Example: Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor (DMIC) Project
Hitachi provides total coordination and wide range of infrastructure solutions (smart generation, water treatment, transportation etc.) in addition to Smart Grid solution.
Smart Generation Smart Grid
Solar Power Energy Storage Gas turbines

Hitachi provides solutions and products for a number of global Smart Grid / Smart City projects.
China Tianjin Eco-city Project Collaboration with National Development and Reform Commission Japan Utilities’ AMI Project Rokkasho Smart Grid Demonstration Canada
Collaboration with state of Saskatchewan on Energy and Environmental Technology Development (CCS, Smart Grid etc.)

Power Plant

Water Treatment Plant (Smart Water)

Community Energy management System

Factory Energy Management (Smart Factory)

Energy Storage

India Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor (DMIC) for Low-carbon/Eco-city Development

US New Mexico Green Grid Demonstration (by NEDO)
8 Smart Transportation Recycle Plant Smart House /Smart Building 9

© Hitachi, Ltd. 2010. All rights reserved.

© Hitachi, Ltd. 2010. All rights reserved.

10 Summary

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Japanese utilities offer the world’s highest reliability. Hitachi is one of key suppliers. Hitachi is one stop Smart Grid solution provider with its experience and technology both in power and information. Hitachi leads a number of Smart Grid/Community projects, especially in Asia and Pacific Countries.

© Hitachi, Ltd. 2010. All rights reserved.

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