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Dimensions

B = 2.50 m
b1 = 0.30 m 0.3
b2 = 0.30 m
b3 = 0.30 m
b4 = 1.60 m
b5 = 0.00 m
H = 4.00 m
h1 = 1.00 m
h2 = 1.40 m
h3 = 1.60 m
h4 = 0.00 m
Chamfer 1: 4
e1 = 0.35 m 0.350

Abutment Width = 13 m
Ap. Slab length = 6.00 m
Ap. Slab thickness = 0.30 m
Ap. Slab width = 12.00 m

ACWC thickness = 0.05 m


ACBC thickness = 0.05 m
Road Base = 0.40 m
Sub Base = 0.20 m
Asphalt Density = 22 kN/m3
Base Density = 20 kN/m3
Conc. Density = 25 kN/m3
Backfill Density = 18 kN/m3
Water Density = 9.81 kN/m3
Traffic Surcharge = 20 kN/m2

Total Girder Loading from Grillage, P1


Vertical = 7446 kN (SLS)
= 8905 kN (ULS)
Horizontal = 530 kN (SLS)
= 662 kN (ULS)

Total Approach Slab Loading, P2


Self-Weight = 540 kN
Road Base = 576 kN
Sub Base = 288 kN
Asphalt = 158 kN
Total DL = 1594 kN, SLS 1962 kN, ULS
Traffic LL = 1440 kN, SLS 1728 kN, ULS
P2 DL = 797 kN, SLS 981 kN, ULS
P2 LL = 720 kN, SLS 864 kN, ULS

Centroid of Stem Wall


Element Area x Ax
1 0.30 0.75 0.23
2 0.84 0.60 0.50

1.140 0.729
x= 0.639 m from LHS

Centroid of Pilecap
Element Area x Ax
1 0.00 2.50 0.00
2 0.00 1.25 0.00
3 4.00 1.25 5.00
4.00 5.00
x= 1.250 m from LHS
Stem Wall Self-Weight = 371 kN, SLS
= 426 kN, ULS
Pilecap Self-Weight = 1300 kN, SLS
= 1495 kN, ULS

OVER TURNING STABILITY CHECK


- Whole abutment
- Taking moment at abutment toe
Resisting Moment (MR)
Force Lever Arm MR
Element
(kN) (m) (kNm)
Stem Wall 371 1.86 689.33
Pile Cap 1300 1.25 1625.00
Backfill 98.28 2.35 230.96
P1 7446 1.25 9307.50
P2 797 2.05 1633.93
Total MR = 13486.72 kNm
Mo lateral load = 1647.84 kNm
Mo braking = 848.00 kNm
Total Mo = 2495.84 kNm
F.O.S = 5.40 >2, OK!
case 3

Elements

Stem Wall
Pilecap
P1
P2
Earth Pressure
Braking
Total:

case 4

Elements

Stem Wall
Pilecap
P1
P2
Braking
Earth Pressure
Pore Water Pressure
Traffic Surcharge
Total:
Coulumb Lateral Pressure Coefficient Vertical Stress Lateral Pressure Horizontal Forces
Elevation
Layer Total Pore Effective Total Eff. Eff. Lateral Total
from Water Traffic Traffic Earth Pore Water
Layers Description Thickness Density, I.F Angle Ka Kp Vertical Water Vertical Vertical Earth Lateral
Surface Level Surcharge Surcharge Pressure Pressure
Stress, Pressure, u Stress, ' Stress Pressure Pressure

(m) (m) (kN/m2) (kN/m2) (kN/m2) (kN/m2) (kN/m2) (kN/m2) (kN/m2) (kN/m2) (kN) (kN)
0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 20.00 20.00 0.00 6.67 6.67 0.00 0.00
1 Pavement 1.00 N 22.00 30.00 0.33 3.00
1.00 22.00 0.00 22.00 20.00 42.00 7.33 6.67 14.00 3.67 0.00
Granular 1.00 22.00 0.00 22.00 20.00 42.00 7.33 6.67 14.00 14.67 0.00
2 2.00 N 18.00 30.00 0.33 3.00
Backfill 3.00 58.00 0.00 58.00 20.00 78.00 19.33 6.67 26.00 12.00 0.00
Saturated 3.00 58.00 0.00 58.00 20.00 78.00 19.33 6.67 26.00 19.33 0.00
3 1.00 Y 20.00 30.00 0.33 3.00
Backfill 4.00 78.00 9.81 68.19 20.00 88.19 22.73 6.67 39.21 1.70 4.91
4.00 78.00 9.81 68.19 20.00 88.19 22.73 6.67 39.21 0.00 0.00
4 0.00 Y 18.00 30.00 0.33 3.00
4.00 78.00 9.81 68.19 20.00 88.19 22.73 6.67 39.21 0.00 0.00
4.00 78.00 9.81 68.19 20.00 88.19 22.73 6.67 39.21 0.00 0.00
5 0.00 Y 18.00 30.00 0.33 3.00
4.00 78.00 9.81 68.19 20.00 88.19 22.73 6.67 39.21 0.00 0.00
51.37 4.91
0.00 5.00 10.00 15.00 20.00 25.00 30.00 35.00 40.00 45.00
0.00
0.50
1.00
1.50

Elevation (m)
2.00 Eff. Latera l Earth Press ure
Pore Water Pres sure, u
2.50
Coulumb Lateral Pressure Coefficient, Ka, Kp Traffic Surcharge
= 0.0 Angle of wall friction 3.00 Tota l Lateral Pres s ure

= 0.0 Horizontal angle of sloping backfill 3.50


= 90.0 Angle of inner wall 4.00

0.00 10.00 20.00 30.00 40.00 50.00 60.00 70.00 80.00 90.00 100.00 4.50
0.00 Lateral Pressure
0.50
1.00
Elevation (m)

1.50
2.00 Effective Vertica l Stres s , '
Pore Water Pres s ure, u
2.50
Traffic Surcha rge
3.00 Tota l Eff. Vertical Stres s
3.50
4.00
4.50
Vertical Stress
Load Factor SLS ULS
DL = 1.00 1.15
SDL = 1.20 1.75
Earth Pressure
Vertical = 1.00 1.20
Non Vertical = 1.00 1.50
Braking
HB = 1.00 1.10
HA = 1.00 1.25
Traffic Surcharge = 1.20 1.50
orizontal Forces Overturning Moment

Moment Total
Traffic Earth Pore Water Traffic
Total Force Lever Overturning
Surcharge Pressure Pressure Surcharge
Arm Moment

(kN) (kN) (m) (kNm) (kNm) (kNm) (kNm)


6.67 6.67 3.50 0.00 0.00 23.33 23.33
0.00 3.67 3.33 12.22 0.00 0.00 12.22
13.33 28.00 2.00 29.33 0.00 26.67 56.00
0.00 12.00 1.67 20.00 0.00 0.00 20.00
6.67 26.00 0.50 9.67 0.00 3.33 13.00
0.00 6.60 0.33 0.57 1.64 0.00 2.20
0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
26.67 82.94 71.79 1.64 53.33 126.76
RESULTANT FORCES FOR PILE GROUP ANALYSIS

Case 1 case 1 case 2 case 3 case 4 case 5


Axial, N Horizontal Lever Arm Moment Axial, N Horizontal Lever Arm Moment Axial, N Horizontal Lever Arm Moment Axial, N Horizontal Lever Arm Moment Axial, N Horizontal
Elements
(kN) (kN) (m) (kNm) (kN) (kN) (m) (kNm) (kN) (kN) (m) (kNm) (kN) (kN) (m) (kNm) (kN) (kN)
Stem Wall 370.50 -0.61 -226.20 370.50 -0.61 -226.20 370.50 -0.61 -226.20 370.50 -0.61 -226.20 370.50
Pilecap 1300.00 0.00 0.00 1300.00 0.00 0.00 1300.00 0.00 0.00 1300.00 0.00 0.00 1300.00
P1 7446.00 0.00 0.00 7446.00 0.00 0.00 7446.00 0.00 0.00 7446.00 0.00 0.00 7446.00
P2 1517.04 -0.80 -1213.63 797.04 -0.80 -637.63 797.04 -0.80 -637.63 1517.04 -0.80 -1213.63 797.04
Backfill 98.28 -1.10 -108.11 98.28 -1.10 -108.11 98.28 -1.10 -108.11 98.28 -1.10 -108.11 98.28
Earth Pressure 667.75 1.40 933.25 667.75 1.40 933.25 667.75 1.40 933.25 667.75 1.40 933.25 667.75
Pore Water Pressure 63.77 0.33 21.26 63.77 0.33 21.26 0.00 0.33 0.00 63.77 0.33 21.26 63.77
Traffic Surcharge 416.00 2.00 832.00 0.00 2.00 0.00 0.00 2.00 0.00 416.00 2.00 832.00 0.00
Braking 530.00 1.60 848.00 530.00 1.60 848.00 530.00 1.60 848.00 -530.00 1.60 -848.00 -530.00
Total: 10731.82 1677.51 1086.56 10011.82 1261.51 830.56 10011.82 1197.75 809.31 10731.82 617.51 -609.44 10011.82 201.51
825.52 129.04 83.58 770.14 97.04 63.89 770.14 92.13 62.25 825.52 47.50 -46.88 770.14 15.50

Summary
case Axial Horizontal Moment
1 Braking + Pore Water + Surcharge 10732 1678 1087
2 Braking + Pore Water 10012 1262 831
3 Braking 10012 1198 809
4 Opp. Braking + Pore Water + Surcharge 10732 618 -609
5 Opp. Braking + Pore Water 10012 202 -865
6 Opp. Braking 10012 138 -887
7 Pore Water + Surcharge 10732 1148 239
8 Pore Water 10012 732 -17
9 Surcharge 10732 1084 217
case 5 case 6 case 7 case 8 case 9
Lever Arm Moment Axial, N Horizontal Lever Arm Moment Axial, N Horizontal Lever Arm Moment Axial, N Horizontal Lever Arm Moment Axial, N Horizontal Lever Arm Moment
(m) (kNm) (kN) (kN) (m) (kNm) (kN) (kN) (m) (kNm) (kN) (kN) (m) (kNm) (kN) (kN) (m) (kNm)
-0.61 -226.20 370.50 -0.61 -226.20 370.50 -0.61 -226.20 370.50 -0.61 -226.20 370.50 -0.61 -226.20
0.00 0.00 1300.00 0.00 0.00 1300.00 0.00 0.00 1300.00 0.00 0.00 1300.00 0.00 0.00
0.00 0.00 7446.00 0.00 0.00 7446.00 0.00 0.00 7446.00 0.00 0.00 7446.00 0.00 0.00
-0.80 -637.63 797.04 -0.80 -637.63 1517.04 -0.80 -1213.63 797.04 -0.80 -637.63 1517.04 -0.80 -1213.63
-1.10 -108.11 98.28 -1.10 -108.11 98.28 -1.10 -108.11 98.28 -1.10 -108.11 98.28 -1.10 -108.11
1.40 933.25 667.75 1.40 933.25 667.75 1.40 933.25 667.75 1.40 933.25 667.75 1.40 933.25
0.33 21.26 0.00 0.33 0.00 63.77 0.33 21.26 63.77 0.33 21.26 0.00 0.33 0.00
2.00 0.00 0.00 2.00 0.00 416.00 2.00 832.00 0.00 2.00 0.00 416.00 2.00 832.00
1.60 -848.00 -530.00 1.60 -848.00 0.00 1.60 0.00 0.00 1.60 0.00 0.00 1.60 0.00
-865.44 10011.82 137.75 -886.69 10731.82 1147.51 238.56 10011.82 731.51 -17.44 10731.82 1083.75 217.31
-66.57 770.14 10.60 -68.21 825.52 88.27 18.35 770.14 56.27 -1.34 825.52 83.37 16.72