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REG. NUMBER. 001646146

Intruduction and context 2. Renewable Energy aplication • What can be suitable for the project? • PV pannels • PV-T pannels 5. Different tools to estimate the energy needs and to evaluate suitable energy technologies 3. Predicted energy use and carbon emissions in the project • Design pPH and PHPP • Total energy demand • Total carbon emissions 4.CONTENT 1. References . Conclusion 6.

the lowest LIVING ROOM LIVING BEDROOM KITCHEN temperature recorded between 1981 and 2010 was -1. Nowadays. According to the design report of ARC 6841 by Julio Jiménez.1. the climate HALL BEDROOM BATHROOM of the zone is humid. goes from 70.5°C. and bathroom. 2015).3 meters). 2016) BATHROOM BEDROOM LIFT LIFT STAIR CASE The sunrise. The proposal retrofits an existing flat facing north. STAIR CASE LIFT LIFT Due to the fact that the building structure is held by concrete walls and to the height between each floor (2. the solution BEDROOM LIVING was to re-accommodate the floor plans as shown in image 1.” (Jiménez J. living room. • Double flat: Kitchen. the towers need retrofit. according to the Met Office. it was KITCHEN BATHROOM proposed to rearrange the actual flats by respecting the structure. ROOM In addition. during winter. Image taken from the ARC 6841 Design better performance and thermal envelope. The temperature of the site BATHROOM changes according to the season too. “The Towers sits between the KITCHEN BATHROOM train rails and the Carville Hall Park (approximately 100 meters to BEDROOM the north) and the Thames River (400 meters to the south). In addition.” (Curran S. insulation was added to provide the building with a 1. The towers are 55m tall (23 floors) and the tallest building in the context is Hyperion Towers with 15 stories tall (45m) to the south.7°C in ROOM February and the maximum would be in July: 23. most of the buildings are small houses and have an LIVING ROOM KITCHEN LIVING ROOM average height of 2 to 3 stories tall. Due to BATHROOM the fact that the elevation over the sea level is 4 meter. 2 bedrooms. the average of 1.1. West London. according to a report made by the London Borough of Hounslow “Major works are required to address current health and safety issues relating to the exterior of the building and ensure the long- term future of the Towers. BEDROOM Apart from it. and March presents a reduction of rain with 42. The existing external wall panels cladding the towers are progressively deteriorating resulting in several areas of exposed reinforcement where concrete from the cladding panels has fallen off. and bathroom.8 mm. October is the month with more rain recorded. The energy study wasreport of Sustainable Studio by Julio Jiménez . bedroom.1 Proposal of the project. Each floor of the towers contains four flats.6 hours in BATHROOM KITCHEN BEDROOM winter and 218 hours during summer.7 mm however. Image taken from the ARC 6841 Design report of Sustainable Studio by Julio Jiménez water is 69. two different types: • Single flat: Kitchen. INTRODUCTION AND CONTEXT The Brentford towers are located in Hounslow. the complex has 6 towers with a total of 528 flats (88 flats each tower) and provides social housing to 792 people. living room.2 Illuminance study. Built in the 1960’s and late 70’s. the BEDROOM LIVING concrete objectives of this retrofit project were: ROOM BATHROOM -To improve the daylight solar factor between 2 and 5 percent in KITCHEN the main areas of the apartment -Energy consumption under 100 kWh/m2/y (70% energy saving compared to existing building) HALL -Access to daylight in most of the living spaces. -Provide several public spaces for residents.

calculations and familiarity provided along this course. This method is a very simple and comprehensive tool that mixes different information. 2016) The interface works with Excel and provides results in heating and cooling demand. • Benchmarks were also chosen to do this analysis because of the easy and comprehensive way that it works. 2016) In addition. DIFFERENT TOOLS TO ESTIMATE THE ENERGY NEEDS AND TO EVALUATE SUITABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES DESIGN PH AND PHPP ( PASSIVHAUS PLANNING PACKAGE) Design PH is a plugin for Sketch Up. The reasons why it was decided to work with the chosen tools are: • PHPP and Design PH due to all the information. developed by the Passive House Institute to work as a 3d modeling interface that works together with PHPP.3% (71 kWh/(m2a)). it provides useful information to make decisions in the future development of the design.7% having as a result 260 kWh/(m2a).” (Design PH. summer comfort (frequency of overheating). this.2) 2. Sofie Pelsmakers gives manual calculation and matrixes to help to decide what kind of renewable is suitable for the project. by using ICE database.”(Design PH. The environmental pocket book by Dr. demand for renewable energy demand and assessment of the annual renewable energy gains. the space heating demand had a reduction of the 73. BENCHMARKING In the design process benchmarks are goals that are trying to be achieved. there are many other utensils to do this. CIBSE TM 46. In addition. However. The tools shown above can estimate and provide information to make a decision on what renewable should be used in the project. 20161) (shown in image 1. “The PHPP is easy to use planning tool for energy efficiency for the use of architects and planning experts. “The plugin provides an automatic analysis algorithm which can infer element types and area groups. Surfaces are given a color-code so that it is possible to visually verify in the 3D model that all the heat-loss surfaces have been correctly taken into account. The illumination also had a noticeable increase to 3% of daylight factor in the areas of the living room and kitchen” (Jiménez J. “The primary energy dropped down from the original performance a 52. . BRE and PHPP data from the project.made only in a flat facing north because it was the only one the team had access. this plugin provides a simplified energy balance in Sketch Up to allow the users to make changes in the model before exporting. as a result.

the thickness and high performance of the material phenolic foam was selected. In order to know the type of insulation. Environmental Design pocket book by Dr. a table with different lambda values is shown. Pelsmakers 3. because of the height of the building. the Environmental Design pocketbook was referred. Image taken from the Environmental Design pocket book by Dr. ‘model design specification Part L in Englan given in Dr.3. Pelsmakers 3. As the building structure was made by concrete panels and due to the low amount of space inside the apartment it was decided to create exterior insulation. Image taken from the book. After getting the u-value result in Design PH it is observed that the total is lower than the Nationa fabric specification.2 Design PH u-value study 3.1 Material performance information. In chapter 7 of the book. Pelsmakers .3 Building Regulations England 2013. PREDICTED ENERGY USE AND CARBON EMISSIONS IN THE PROJECT DESIGN PH AND PHPP ( PASSIVHAUS PLANNING PACKAGE) To understand the way the wall works and its insulation it was important to use Design PH and PHPP to make predictions on how the energy performance and carbon emissions of the project would be.

In the images below. In the comparison.. etc. it has to Environmental Design pocket book by Dr. the next chart shows that the highest heat demand in the project is during December while 3. Pelsmakers take into consideration the risk of overheating.6 Specific Annual heating demand. the graphic shows the energy balance heating in the project and specify the amounts of kWh/(m2*a) where gains and loses happens. As shown in the table. Image taken from the in summer there is no need for heating.7 Energy balance heating .3. 3. is shown that most of the energy gains happen due to Solar reasons and Heating reasons.4 Design PH u-value study When the file was exported to PHPP and the settings changed to the correct location. Taken from PHPP 3. the heating demand gave as a result 67kWh(m2/a). Also. Taken from PHPP . the quantity of heating demand is a little higher than the Part L New Dwellings.5 Existing housing stock legacy and CO2 savings. altitude.

143.352.216 kgCOce/kWh6 = 20.4 is 238 kWh/(m2a).04 kgCO2e/kWh 3.8 CO2 conversion factors from SAP 2012.7 m2.631.7 m2 = 973. The result.7m2= 11. This factors have to be multiply by the results given in the PHPP.6 kWh Now. 4 0 kgCO2e/kWh * 47.40 kgCO2e/ kWhm2 3. using 10% of the electricity demand without heatpump and 90 % with a boiler. Taken from PHPP . as shown in table 3. taking in consideration that the towers have 88 flats: 11352.2 kWh/ (m2a) *0.8 kWh TOTAL CARBON EMISSIONS To calculate the total carbon emissions it is needed to multipliciation of factors taken from SAP 2012 that are shown in the Environmental design pocket book.08 kgCO2e/kWh *88 = 85.028. that has to be multiplyed by the area: 2 0 .519 kgCOce/kWh6 + 94.4kWh/ (m2a) * 0. Image taken from the Environmental Design pocket book by Dr.TOTAL ENERGY DEMAND PHPP also gives you the result of the Energy consumption that in this case.6 kWh * 88 = 999. The treated floor area is 47.08 kgCO2e/kWh The total emission for one tower will be: 973. To solve the total per flat the areaa needs to be multiplyied by the total energy demand: 238 kWh/(m2a)*47. Pelsmakers then.9 Primary energy value .

2 CO2 conversion factors from SAP 2012. To validate this technology. Pelsmakers Design pocket book by Dr. 4. As shown in the images below. as results biogas. However. Due to the outstanding height of the towers on the site. another matrix was used and as a result. a solar radiation study was made during the design process to understand the impact of the context.3 CO2 conversion factors from SAP 2012. Image taken from the Environmental 4.4. the west and south facade could be 4. it could be better to apply the technologies to the ground due to the required and that that could give a better performance. Image taken from the Environmental Design pocket book by Dr. Image taken from ARC 6841 Design report for sustainable studio 1 by Julio Jiménez used to put some solar renewable technology as some area on the ground too. Pelsmakers . PV and PV-T. RENEWABLE ENERGY APLICATION WHAT CAN BE SUITABLE FOR THE PROJECT? To have a starting point on this chapter matrixes in chapter 12 of the Environmental design pocketbook were used to get an idea in the use of Renewables. it gave that the project is likely suitable for solar thermal PV-T panels and PV’s. macro CHP.1 South west and North east solar radiation study taken in the Towers.

This could reduce the performance of the PV but4. Pelsmakers shown. it is important to mention that one of the disadvantages of this renewable is that “domestic electricity usually peaks in winter and in the evenings .5 Summer and winter shadow study in a single day. Each square meter of this technology produces 100 kWh/m2 per year (Feilden Clegg Bradley.4 CO2 conversion factors from SAP 2012. Image taken from the Environmental that is one of the potentials risks of having a solar system. Image taken from the Environmental Design pocket book by Dr. PV PANELS In the next image. as it can be observed.800 kWh. However. it was mapped out in a solar study made for the design report the area where the most amount of direct sunlight is getting. Image taken from the Environmental Design pocket book 4.028. By using the roof of the tower (324 m2) and while reducing the space needed for circulation and management the PV panels area is reduced o 108 m2. (Pelsmakers.08% of the total . it is illustrated the importance of having a good angle in the solar system to maximize the use and production of the panels an angle between 30° and 40° is required facing south. 2015) In the next chart.when solar energy is least available”. during winter some shading is caused in the same space as a result of the lower position of the sun. In addition.8 kWh (for a single tower). the diagram shows that during summer the west area has a lot of potentials to put some solar panels. In the left image.Design pocket book by Dr. Moreover. the monocrystalline PV is the most efficient but also the most expensive. this will produce 10. Pelsmakers 4. Image taken from ARC 6841 Design report for sustainable studio 1 by Julio Jiménez PV’s convert solar energy into electricity. which is the 1. 2006) So. Pelsmakers by Dr. a comparison of different PV panels is 4. the total energy trying to cover is 999.4 PV panel diagram.5 Types of PV panels.

980.6 m2 x 120 kWh/m2= 837.267 KgCO2 . Julio Jiménez sounds attractive the landscape mark (trees needed .10 PV’s only in the roof calculation sheet.95 m2) were used to put some solar panels.94 could produce 69.000 pounds.560 KgCO2 and finally. Julio Jiménez PV-T “PV-T’s are a relatively new technology and remain largely untested.297259639 and heating for almost 1 tower.5 (20.87431463 all the complex but could potentially reduce the project energy consumption from the grid.960 kWh (1. Now. Total area 20941.6 kWh thatTotal number of panels with space 54 represents the 83. The cost of putting solar Total number of panels with space 54 panels in the roof area will be 102. Pelsmakers Total area 324 6. the4.30% of the whole use). a good reflection onEnergy produced 837677. Image taken from the Environmental Design pocket book by energy produced would be: Dr.5 was filled with PV-T’s for the whole six towers. if the area shown in the image 4. only using the roof) will be 108m2 * 120 kWh/m2 = 12. as in the PV’s.8 PV-T panel diagram.323333 energy needed for a tower. Julio Jiménez CO2 reductions would be 70KgCo2 * 6980. Taking five years to have a payback.87% (206179500 kWh) of the Total number of panels with space 3490. 2015) The way the system works is by using a PV overheating by drawing heat away from the PV panel usually with an air source heat pump.Total area 324 energy consumption. the cost of improving this system would be 108. Julio Jiménez If the dotted area in the image 4. the 4.84917755 say: Perhaps the idea to fill a land with all this PV-T’s4.6 m2 = 488645.6 PV’s only in the roof calculation sheet.136 Total energy produced of the 1. Their potential to produce more energy from a given roof area compared to other technologies is very promising” (Pelsmakers. project 4. This means that filling this area with PV-Energy produced 12960 T’s would give the energy to provide electricityTotal energy produced of the project 1. that one Total area 20941. The energy produced by this technology (again.94 After showing the 2 selected systems it can beTotal number of panels with space 3490. In addition. 4.646667 Energy produced 698064.6 the decision to take for this project is necessary toTotal energy produced of the project 83.323333 observed that PV-T’s have a better performance inreduction PV area 6980.677.08% KgCo2.617.9 PV’s only in the roof calculation sheet.646667 energy and CO2 emissions. this means that with reduction that space we can have energy for not even one PV area 6980.600 pounds reduction PV area 108 and the embodied carbon of using this number Energy produced 10800 of PV panels will be 108 m2*242KgCO2= 26.8% of the energy needed for areduction PV area 108 Tower. The carbon reductions of PV-T’s 70 kgCO2 * 108m2 = 7.7 PV’s on the green areas calculation sheet.6667 tower! This area will not give enough energy for Total energy produced of the 69.

the result of energy was the one given in the building. After doing this report. Moreover. in the process to get here some designARC 6841 Design report for sustainable studio 1 by Julio Jiménez considerations could have been improved to give a better and lower energy performance. greenery is something we need to have a better quality of life.. In addition. a lo of considerations has to be taken in order to achieve a good performance and life of the4. birds dropping and dust removal has to be considered if this is not done a 10% on the system performance can be lost. the asthetic considerations on how this project is going to look after the implementation of the renewable energy is very important. it is not needed to achieve a 100% the energy of the project however it could be helpful for the habitats and people in the site. The placecment of this tools would be on the roof of each tower and in the selected area shown in image 5. A comprehensive project that involves the people in comunity and renewable energy to reduce the CO2 impact and use of energy. Some of the maintenance issues are the snow cleaning and leaves. The way these panels are monitored is a simple display that identifies failures but issues should be rectified swiftly. We know that the future of the cities is energy reduction.1. but. It was tried to reduce the thermal performance of the building but due to the fact that the best lamda value was being using and we had a very low u value. 5. the longevity of the panels would be 20 to 25 years and cost of maintenance will include replacing refrigerants every year. CONCLUSION THE BRENTFORD TOWERS SHOULD BE. In addition. PV-T’s were selected as the renewable technology to marry with the project.5 Summer and winter shadow study in a single day. However.. 2015). Image taken from system .to be chopped down and visual landscape) would have a very large impact in the way the community looks at this moment. As said in chapter 4. view. air. Also. and recreation spaces. . with this type of system storing generated electricity might mean issue “using the national grid to export (sell electricity will be problematic on a large scale since supply (daytime) and demand (evening) do not match” (Pelsmakers.

S.aspx?bcr=1 (Accessed: 20 April 2017). J. Available at: http://www. (2015) Brentford Towers: Ensuring the towers long-term London: RIBA Enterprises. . Passivhays Institute (2017). 2ND EDITION de/en/04_phpp/04_phpp. Passivhaus Institut. Curran.hounslow.K. REFERENCES Pelsmaker. U. Sheffield.htm [Accessed 5 May 2017].de. (2011) The environmental design pocketbook. [online] Passiv.: University of Sheffield. S. (2017) ARC 6841 BIM Design report for sustainable studio 1. Available at: http:// democraticservices. Jiménez.