REG. NUMBER. 001646146

CONTENT 1. Intruduction and context 2. Conclusion 6. Different tools to estimate the energy needs and to evaluate suitable energy technologies 3. Renewable Energy aplication • What can be suitable for the project? • PV pannels • PV-T pannels 5. References . Predicted energy use and carbon emissions in the project • Design pPH and PHPP • Total energy demand • Total carbon emissions 4.

according to a report made by the London Borough of Hounslow “Major works are required to address current health and safety issues relating to the exterior of the building and ensure the long- term future of the Towers. the average of 1. October is the month with more rain recorded. Built in the 1960’s and late 70’s. Due to BATHROOM the fact that the elevation over the sea level is 4 meter. and bathroom. Each floor of the towers contains four flats. The energy study wasreport of Sustainable Studio by Julio Jiménez . In addition. the climate HALL BEDROOM BATHROOM of the zone is humid. and March presents a reduction of rain with 42. According to the design report of ARC 6841 by Julio Jiménez. 2015).3 meters). • Double flat: Kitchen. STAIR CASE LIFT LIFT Due to the fact that the building structure is held by concrete walls and to the height between each floor (2.1. according to the Met Office. INTRODUCTION AND CONTEXT The Brentford towers are located in Hounslow. Nowadays. bedroom. living room. Image taken from the ARC 6841 Design better performance and thermal envelope. the towers need retrofit. The proposal retrofits an existing flat facing north. goes from 70.5°C. the lowest LIVING ROOM LIVING BEDROOM KITCHEN temperature recorded between 1981 and 2010 was -1. most of the buildings are small houses and have an LIVING ROOM KITCHEN LIVING ROOM average height of 2 to 3 stories tall. it was KITCHEN BATHROOM proposed to rearrange the actual flats by respecting the structure. during winter.2 Illuminance study.7 mm however. BEDROOM Apart from it.” (Curran S.1. 2 bedrooms. The temperature of the site BATHROOM changes according to the season too. the BEDROOM LIVING concrete objectives of this retrofit project were: ROOM BATHROOM -To improve the daylight solar factor between 2 and 5 percent in KITCHEN the main areas of the apartment -Energy consumption under 100 kWh/m2/y (70% energy saving compared to existing building) HALL -Access to daylight in most of the living spaces. living room. “The Towers sits between the KITCHEN BATHROOM train rails and the Carville Hall Park (approximately 100 meters to BEDROOM the north) and the Thames River (400 meters to the south). the solution BEDROOM LIVING was to re-accommodate the floor plans as shown in image 1. The existing external wall panels cladding the towers are progressively deteriorating resulting in several areas of exposed reinforcement where concrete from the cladding panels has fallen off. The towers are 55m tall (23 floors) and the tallest building in the context is Hyperion Towers with 15 stories tall (45m) to the south. West London. Image taken from the ARC 6841 Design report of Sustainable Studio by Julio Jiménez water is 69.1 Proposal of the project. -Provide several public spaces for residents. and bathroom. insulation was added to provide the building with a 1.” (Jiménez J. the complex has 6 towers with a total of 528 flats (88 flats each tower) and provides social housing to 792 people. 2016) BATHROOM BEDROOM LIFT LIFT STAIR CASE The sunrise. ROOM In addition.6 hours in BATHROOM KITCHEN BEDROOM winter and 218 hours during summer. two different types: • Single flat: Kitchen.8 mm.7°C in ROOM February and the maximum would be in July: 23.

made only in a flat facing north because it was the only one the team had access. CIBSE TM 46. “The plugin provides an automatic analysis algorithm which can infer element types and area groups. The illumination also had a noticeable increase to 3% of daylight factor in the areas of the living room and kitchen” (Jiménez J.” (Design PH. • Benchmarks were also chosen to do this analysis because of the easy and comprehensive way that it works. developed by the Passive House Institute to work as a 3d modeling interface that works together with PHPP. this. Sofie Pelsmakers gives manual calculation and matrixes to help to decide what kind of renewable is suitable for the project. The tools shown above can estimate and provide information to make a decision on what renewable should be used in the project. calculations and familiarity provided along this course. However. it provides useful information to make decisions in the future development of the design. BRE and PHPP data from the project. this plugin provides a simplified energy balance in Sketch Up to allow the users to make changes in the model before exporting. Surfaces are given a color-code so that it is possible to visually verify in the 3D model that all the heat-loss surfaces have been correctly taken into account. BENCHMARKING In the design process benchmarks are goals that are trying to be achieved. In addition. demand for renewable energy demand and assessment of the annual renewable energy gains.”(Design PH. . there are many other utensils to do this. “The primary energy dropped down from the original performance a 52. DIFFERENT TOOLS TO ESTIMATE THE ENERGY NEEDS AND TO EVALUATE SUITABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES DESIGN PH AND PHPP ( PASSIVHAUS PLANNING PACKAGE) Design PH is a plugin for Sketch Up. 20161) (shown in image 1.2) 2. by using ICE database. The environmental pocket book by Dr.3% (71 kWh/(m2a)). 2016) The interface works with Excel and provides results in heating and cooling demand. as a result. This method is a very simple and comprehensive tool that mixes different information. summer comfort (frequency of overheating). “The PHPP is easy to use planning tool for energy efficiency for the use of architects and planning experts. 2016) In addition. the space heating demand had a reduction of the 73. The reasons why it was decided to work with the chosen tools are: • PHPP and Design PH due to all the information.7% having as a result 260 kWh/(m2a).

In order to know the type of insulation. the thickness and high performance of the material phenolic foam was selected. Environmental Design pocket book by Dr. Pelsmakers 3.3 Building Regulations England 2013.1 Material performance information. Image taken from the Environmental Design pocket book by Dr.3. the Environmental Design pocketbook was referred. ‘model design specification Part L in Englan given in Dr. As the building structure was made by concrete panels and due to the low amount of space inside the apartment it was decided to create exterior insulation.2 Design PH u-value study 3. Image taken from the book. After getting the u-value result in Design PH it is observed that the total is lower than the Nationa fabric specification. because of the height of the building. Pelsmakers 3. In chapter 7 of the book. PREDICTED ENERGY USE AND CARBON EMISSIONS IN THE PROJECT DESIGN PH AND PHPP ( PASSIVHAUS PLANNING PACKAGE) To understand the way the wall works and its insulation it was important to use Design PH and PHPP to make predictions on how the energy performance and carbon emissions of the project would be. a table with different lambda values is shown. Pelsmakers .

the graphic shows the energy balance heating in the project and specify the amounts of kWh/(m2*a) where gains and loses happens. the next chart shows that the highest heat demand in the project is during December while 3. 3.7 Energy balance heating . Pelsmakers take into consideration the risk of overheating.. In the comparison. is shown that most of the energy gains happen due to Solar reasons and Heating reasons. it has to Environmental Design pocket book by Dr.4 Design PH u-value study When the file was exported to PHPP and the settings changed to the correct location. etc.5 Existing housing stock legacy and CO2 savings. Also. the quantity of heating demand is a little higher than the Part L New Dwellings. Image taken from the in summer there is no need for heating. In the images below. Taken from PHPP . the heating demand gave as a result 67kWh(m2/a). Taken from PHPP 3. altitude. As shown in the table.6 Specific Annual heating demand.3.

216 kgCOce/kWh6 = 20. 143. This factors have to be multiply by the results given in the PHPP. The treated floor area is 47.4 is 238 kWh/(m2a). To solve the total per flat the areaa needs to be multiplyied by the total energy demand: 238 kWh/(m2a)*47.028. Image taken from the Environmental Design pocket book by Dr. that has to be multiplyed by the area: 2 0 .7m2= 11.TOTAL ENERGY DEMAND PHPP also gives you the result of the Energy consumption that in this case.6 kWh Now. Pelsmakers then.6 kWh * 88 = 999.631. 4 0 kgCO2e/kWh * 47.08 kgCO2e/kWh *88 = 85. The result.2 kWh/ (m2a) *0.40 kgCO2e/ kWhm2 3. using 10% of the electricity demand without heatpump and 90 % with a boiler.08 kgCO2e/kWh The total emission for one tower will be: 973.7 m2 = 973.7 m2.352. Taken from PHPP .8 kWh TOTAL CARBON EMISSIONS To calculate the total carbon emissions it is needed to multipliciation of factors taken from SAP 2012 that are shown in the Environmental design pocket book.8 CO2 conversion factors from SAP 2012.519 kgCOce/kWh6 + 94. as shown in table 3. taking in consideration that the towers have 88 flats: 11352.9 Primary energy value .4kWh/ (m2a) * 0.04 kgCO2e/kWh 3.

1 South west and North east solar radiation study taken in the Towers. it gave that the project is likely suitable for solar thermal PV-T panels and PV’s. To validate this technology. macro CHP. Image taken from the Environmental 4. PV and PV-T. 4. Due to the outstanding height of the towers on the site.4. the west and south facade could be 4. Pelsmakers . However. Image taken from the Environmental Design pocket book by Dr. Pelsmakers Design pocket book by Dr.2 CO2 conversion factors from SAP 2012. a solar radiation study was made during the design process to understand the impact of the context. Image taken from ARC 6841 Design report for sustainable studio 1 by Julio Jiménez used to put some solar renewable technology as some area on the ground too. As shown in the images below. as results biogas. RENEWABLE ENERGY APLICATION WHAT CAN BE SUITABLE FOR THE PROJECT? To have a starting point on this chapter matrixes in chapter 12 of the Environmental design pocketbook were used to get an idea in the use of Renewables. another matrix was used and as a result.3 CO2 conversion factors from SAP 2012. it could be better to apply the technologies to the ground due to the required and that that could give a better performance.

it was mapped out in a solar study made for the design report the area where the most amount of direct sunlight is getting.8 kWh (for a single tower). (Pelsmakers. 2006) So. Image taken from the Environmental Design pocket book 4. Pelsmakers by Dr. the monocrystalline PV is the most efficient but also the most expensive. this will produce 10. In addition. Pelsmakers 4. it is important to mention that one of the disadvantages of this renewable is that “domestic electricity usually peaks in winter and in the evenings .when solar energy is least available”. during winter some shading is caused in the same space as a result of the lower position of the sun. This could reduce the performance of the PV but4.028. By using the roof of the tower (324 m2) and while reducing the space needed for circulation and management the PV panels area is reduced o 108 m2. Image taken from ARC 6841 Design report for sustainable studio 1 by Julio Jiménez PV’s convert solar energy into electricity. which is the 1. the total energy trying to cover is 999. Each square meter of this technology produces 100 kWh/m2 per year (Feilden Clegg Bradley.5 Summer and winter shadow study in a single day.Design pocket book by Dr.800 kWh.4 CO2 conversion factors from SAP 2012. it is illustrated the importance of having a good angle in the solar system to maximize the use and production of the panels an angle between 30° and 40° is required facing south. a comparison of different PV panels is 4. However. Image taken from the Environmental Design pocket book by Dr.08% of the total .4 PV panel diagram. Pelsmakers shown. 2015) In the next chart. In the left image.5 Types of PV panels. Image taken from the Environmental that is one of the potentials risks of having a solar system. PV PANELS In the next image. the diagram shows that during summer the west area has a lot of potentials to put some solar panels. as it can be observed. Moreover.

08% KgCo2. The energy produced by this technology (again.5 (20. Taking five years to have a payback.84917755 say: Perhaps the idea to fill a land with all this PV-T’s4. Julio Jiménez CO2 reductions would be 70KgCo2 * 6980.960 kWh (1.94 After showing the 2 selected systems it can beTotal number of panels with space 3490. Total area 20941.6 the decision to take for this project is necessary toTotal energy produced of the project 83.Total area 324 energy consumption. a good reflection onEnergy produced 837677. that one Total area 20941. the4. Julio Jiménez PV-T “PV-T’s are a relatively new technology and remain largely untested.560 KgCO2 and finally.297259639 and heating for almost 1 tower. Their potential to produce more energy from a given roof area compared to other technologies is very promising” (Pelsmakers. Pelsmakers Total area 324 6.8% of the energy needed for areduction PV area 108 Tower.6667 tower! This area will not give enough energy for Total energy produced of the 69. This means that filling this area with PV-Energy produced 12960 T’s would give the energy to provide electricityTotal energy produced of the project 1.646667 energy and CO2 emissions.5 was filled with PV-T’s for the whole six towers.87431463 all the complex but could potentially reduce the project energy consumption from the grid.646667 Energy produced 698064. Julio Jiménez sounds attractive the landscape mark (trees needed . 2015) The way the system works is by using a PV overheating by drawing heat away from the PV panel usually with an air source heat pump. the cost of improving this system would be 108. project 4.9 PV’s only in the roof calculation sheet. if the area shown in the image 4. as in the PV’s.8 PV-T panel diagram.10 PV’s only in the roof calculation sheet.87% (206179500 kWh) of the Total number of panels with space 3490.323333 energy needed for a tower.600 pounds reduction PV area 108 and the embodied carbon of using this number Energy produced 10800 of PV panels will be 108 m2*242KgCO2= 26.6 m2 = 488645.6 m2 x 120 kWh/m2= 837.136 Total energy produced of the 1.617.980. The carbon reductions of PV-T’s 70 kgCO2 * 108m2 = 7.000 pounds. The cost of putting solar Total number of panels with space 54 panels in the roof area will be 102.95 m2) were used to put some solar panels.6 PV’s only in the roof calculation sheet.94 could produce 69. 4. Julio Jiménez If the dotted area in the image 4. this means that with reduction that space we can have energy for not even one PV area 6980.7 PV’s on the green areas calculation sheet. In addition.323333 observed that PV-T’s have a better performance inreduction PV area 6980.267 KgCO2 .6 kWh thatTotal number of panels with space 54 represents the 83.30% of the whole use). Now. only using the roof) will be 108m2 * 120 kWh/m2 = 12. the 4.677. Image taken from the Environmental Design pocket book by energy produced would be: Dr.

However. The placecment of this tools would be on the roof of each tower and in the selected area shown in image 5. 2015). in the process to get here some designARC 6841 Design report for sustainable studio 1 by Julio Jiménez considerations could have been improved to give a better and lower energy performance. In addition. the longevity of the panels would be 20 to 25 years and cost of maintenance will include replacing refrigerants every year. It was tried to reduce the thermal performance of the building but due to the fact that the best lamda value was being using and we had a very low u value. and recreation spaces.5 Summer and winter shadow study in a single day. PV-T’s were selected as the renewable technology to marry with the project. the result of energy was the one given in the building. As said in chapter 4. Also. Some of the maintenance issues are the snow cleaning and leaves.. We know that the future of the cities is energy reduction. In addition. After doing this report. with this type of system storing generated electricity might mean issue “using the national grid to export (sell electricity will be problematic on a large scale since supply (daytime) and demand (evening) do not match” (Pelsmakers. view.1. birds dropping and dust removal has to be considered if this is not done a 10% on the system performance can be lost. CONCLUSION THE BRENTFORD TOWERS SHOULD BE. Moreover. it is not needed to achieve a 100% the energy of the project however it could be helpful for the habitats and people in the site. 5. but. a lo of considerations has to be taken in order to achieve a good performance and life of the4. . air. A comprehensive project that involves the people in comunity and renewable energy to reduce the CO2 impact and use of be chopped down and visual landscape) would have a very large impact in the way the community looks at this moment.. the asthetic considerations on how this project is going to look after the implementation of the renewable energy is very important. Image taken from system . The way these panels are monitored is a simple display that identifies failures but issues should be rectified swiftly. greenery is something we need to have a better quality of life.

de/en/04_phpp/04_phpp. Sheffield. S. Curran.passiv. U. (2017) ARC 6841 BIM Design report for sustainable studio 1.hounslow.htm [Accessed 5 May 2017]. S. REFERENCES Pelsmaker. London: RIBA Enterprises. Passivhaus (Accessed: 20 April 2017). J. [online] Passiv. Available at: .5. Passivhays Institute (2017).: University of Sheffield.K. (2015) Brentford Towers: Ensuring the towers long-term future. Available at: http:// democraticservices. Jiménez. (2011) The environmental design pocketbook. 2ND EDITION edn.

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