1
Determine the maximum velocity and maximum acceleration o f a particle
which moves in simple harmonic motion with an amplitude o f 400 mm
and a period o f 1.4 s.
SOLUTION
Simple Harmonic Motion
x = xmsin(cont +
2n 2n
= = 4.488 rad/s
r (1.4 s)
= 1.795 m/s
vm = 1.795 m/s A
x =  x m(o2
n sm{cont + f )
8.06 m/s'
am = 8.06 m/s2 A
PROBLEM 19.2
Determine the amplitude and maximum velocity o f a particle which
moves in simple harmonic motion with a maximum acceleration o f
21.6 ft/s2 and a frequency o f 8 Hz.
SOLUTION
Simple Harmonic Motion
x  xms in (c y + <t>)
Vm = Xmn
x = a =  x mco2
n sin(a>t + </>)
or xm = 0.00855 ft
or 0.10259 in.
xm = 0.1026 in. A
= 0.42977 ft/s
or 5.1572 in./s
vm = 5.16 in./s M
PROBLEM 19.3
A particle moves in simple harmonic motion. Knowing that the amplitude
is 15 in. and the maximum acceleration is 15 fit/s2, determine the
maximum velocity o f the particle and the frequency o f its motion.
SOLUTION
Simple Harmonic Motion
x  xmsin(a>J + j )
xm = 15 in. = 1.25 ft
or co = 3.4641 rad/s
/ = 0.551 H z <
Hence, / = 0.551 Hz
= 4.3301 ft/s
vm = 4.33 ft/s ^
PROBLEM 19.4
A simple pendulum consisting o f a bob attached to a cord oscillates in a
vertical plane with a period o f 1.3 s. Assuming simple harmonic motion
and knowing that the maximum velocity o f the bob is 0.4 m/s, determine
(a ) the amplitude o f the motion in degrees, ( b) the maximum tangential
acceleration o f the bob.
SOLUTION
Simple Harmonic Motion
(a ) 9 = 9msm(cont + <p)
2k 2k
" Tn (1.35 s)
= 4.833 rad/s
0 = 0m6)nCOs((Ont + 0 )
v,n = Wm =
Thus, 9, = (1)
lco
Thus,
= 0.420 m
From (1)
0.4 m/s
9m 
la n (0.42 m )(4.833 rad/s)
= 0.197 rad
or 11.287
9m = 11.29 M
PROBLEM 19.4 CONTINUED
(ft) N ow
a, = 19
maximum.
0 = + <f)
{ t ) m = Wnfi>l
= 1.9326 m/s2
/
Jm
ig
SOLUTION
Simple Harmonic Motion
/ = 40 in. = 3.3333 ft
f = ^ = 0.495 Hz
2n
/ = 0.495 H z <
(b ) 9 = 9msrn{ant + <f>)
9 = 9mo)cos(o)nt + <t>)
Vm = 16m =
= 1.8049 ft/s
= 13.019 in./s
vm = 13.02 in./s M
PROBLEM 19.6
A 10kg block is initially held so that the vertical spring attached as
V shown is undeformed. Knowing that the block is suddenly released from
rest, determine (a ) the amplitude and frequency o f the resulting motion,
16 kN/m () the maximum velocity and maximum acceleration o f the block.
Okg
S O L U T IO N
IT 116000 .. . .
' V  ' Y 10 40rad/s = 2' ' /
40 rad/s
/ =  = 6.37 Hz
2*
f = 6.37 H z A
vm
m = 245 mm/s A
= 9.81 m/s2
am
m = 9.81 m/s2 A
PROBLEM 19.7
A 70lb block is attached to a spring and can move without friction in a
slot as shown. The block is in its equilibrium position when it is struck by
a hammer which imparts to the block an initial velocity o f 10 ft/s.
Determine (a ) the period and frequency o f the resulting motion, ( b) the
k  9 kips/ft
amplitude o f the motion and the maximum acceleration o f the block.
SOLUTION
or 0 Simple Harmonic Motion
11 ~ T (a ) x = xmsin
in(<y/ +
l. j T 9000 lb/ft
(70 lb )(32.2 lb/s2)
r = = 0.90765 s
V .  / 0 f t /s co
f n = = 10.240 Hz
r
/ = 10.24 H z
(b ) At t = 0: x0 = 0, jc0 = v0 = 10 ft/s 1
= xma>2
n = (0.15542 ft)(64.343 rad/s)2
= 643.4 ft/s2
SOLUTION
In Simple Harmonic Motion
A.
n
(a )
3*
3
or col = 862.07(rad/s)2
/H z 4.6729 Hz . .
So  r =   = 280.37 r/min
U H4 i
and 280 rpm A
vm = 1.703 m/s A
PROBLEM 19.9
A
b k p A 5kg block A rests on top o f a 20kg plate B which is attached to an
unstretched spring o f constant k = 900 N/m. Plate B is slowly moved
1 60 mm to the left and released from rest. Assuming that block A does not
slip on the plate, determine (a) the amplitude and frequency o f the
resulting motion, (b) the corresponding smallest required value o f the
coefficient o f static friction.
SOLUTION
Simple Harmonic Motion:
900 N/m
6 rad/s
25 kg
Hz
2n In
() xm = 0.06 m, / = 0.955 Hz
2
= ;x:m<2 = (0.06 m )(6 rad/s)
'Wi^
a !1 A = 2.16 m/s2
o
Ff =
Ff wi (K,
m6
or Fs=
g
~
216 m/s2
9.81 m/s
= 0.220 <
PROBLEM 19.10
The motion o f a particle is described by the equation
x = 10 sin2r + 8 cos 21, where x is expressed in feet and t in seconds.
Determine (a ) the period o f the motion, (b) its amplitude, (c ) its phase
angle.
S O L U T IO N
x = xm sin(<wr + <f>)
 (x mcos^)sin t + (x msin^)cos<ai
Comparing:
II
$
2n 2n
(a ) T =  = = 71 S
(On 2
r = 3.14 s A
xm = 12.81 ft M
SOLUTION
N ow
2n 27i 
() t = =  = 0.2 s 4
con 10 n
0b) x2
m = (0.75)2 + (0.70096)2
xm = 0.1027 ft A
0.070096
(c ) tan ^ = <f> = 0.7516 rad = 43.06 <
0.075
PROBLEM 19.12
A 70lb block attached to a spring o f constant k = 9 kips/ft can move
without friction in a slot as shown. The block is given an initial 15in.
displacement downward from its equilibrium position and released.
k 9 Idps/ft
Determine 1.5 s after the block has been released (a) the total distance
traveled by the block, ( b) the acceleration o f the block.
SOLUTION
Eauilibrium
( )
W x = xms in (e y + <f>)
9000 lb/ft
(70 lb)
xtO^lSin. (32.2 lb's2)
= 64.343 rad/s
r = = 0.9765 s
x (0 ) 0
With the initial conditions: x(0) = 15 in. = 1.25 ft, x(0) = 0
n
i (0 ) = 0 = xm(on cos(0 + </>)=> <f> =
v\\NN
xm = 1.25 ft
Then
t= 1.5s
ti x (l.5) = (1.25 ft)sin 64.343(1.5 s) +  = 0.80137 ft
m
61.776ft/s
0.80137ft
In 1.5 s, the block completes
1.5 s
= 15.361 cycles
0.09765 s/cycle
Eauilibrium
PROBLEM 19.12 CONTINUED
4(1.25 ft) = 5 ft
Total = 77.1 ft A
(b )
SOLUTION
y y z s z y /s Simple Harmonic Motion, thus
x = xms in (fly +
17 _ 400
Im . N/m
(o. = 16.903 rad/s
~ \ m ~ V LA kg
x=60mm Then
(a )
Sin * I 0.06 m \
r = 1.02471 s
[o]4190mj = O.c
16.903 rad/s
I = 0.0247 s <
(b ) Now
x = xma)ncos((Dnt )
And
SOLUTION
Referring to the figure o f Problem 19.13
x  xmsin ( a y + <f>)
X = Xm0)nCOs(0)t + f )
* = + <!>)
Using the data from Problem 19.13: <f> = 0, xm = 0.1479 m, con = 16.903 rad/s
x, x, x are j
So, at t = 0.9 s,
= 0.0703 m x = 0.0703 m ) 4
SOLUTION
Then, with
0 = dmsm(a>nt + ,
And with
For
Then
a n
0 = sin (3.1082 rad/s)f +
180
* ** (a ) A t t = 1.6 s,
+6/% +9
5n .
0 = sm (3.1082 rad/s)(l.6 s) + y 0.022496 rad = 1.288
180
0 = 1.288 A
(b)
0 = dmconcos(a)nt + </>)
5/r
(3.1082 rad/s)cos (3.1082 rad/s)(l.6 s) + y
180
= 0.262074 rad/s
6 = ~m0)1n s in (? + 4>)
= 0.21733 rad/s2
N ow
a = \l(an f + ( a/)2
2
an = y = W 2 = (3.3333 ft)(0.26207 rad/s)2 = 0.22894 m/s2
SOLUTION
(a)
x = xms\n((ont + <fi)
'/ / / / / ,
*0 = XmS*n(0 + 0 ) = 075 ft
a =  g = (0 .7 5 ft)<y;sin^<yr + y
777777.
or ~8  (0.75 ft)o^
Then
IT
k = mojl = , (6.5524 rad/s)
=Vm 32.2 ft/s2 V
= 13.333 lb/ft
A t t = 1.6 s:
n
x = (0.75 ft)sin (6.5524 rad/s)(l.6 s) = 0.36727 ft
a = 15.77 ft/s2 1 A
PROBLEM 19.17
A 5kg collar C is released from rest in the position shown and slides
without friction on a vertical rod until it hits a spring o f constant
k = 720 N/m which it compresses. The velocity o f the collar is reduced to
zero and the collar reverses the direction o f its motion and returns to its
initial position. The cycle is then repeated. Determine (a ) the period o f
the motion o f the collar, ([b) the velocity o f the collar 0.4 s after it was
released. (Note. This is a periodic motion, but not simple harmonic
motion.)
SOLUTION
With the given properties:
720 N/m
= 12 rad/s
5 kg
3193 s
w (5kg)(9.81m /s2)
$ ST ~  = 0.068125 m
720 N/m
x = xm(oncos{cont + <j>)
A t impact:
0 = 0.25531 rad
So, from time o f impact, the time o f flight is the time necessary for the
collar to come to rest on its downward motion. Thus, t2is the time such
that
x (t 2) = 0 => 12t2 + = ~
or 12/,0.25531 =
2 2
x (t 2) = 0 => 12/2 + <j>
or 12/,0.25531 =
2 2
Hence, t2  0.15217 s
* (0 .4 ) = xmcon c o s [o (0.4  % ) + +
0.25531 rad]
12
SOLUTION
k = 48 kN/m
Then
r = = 0.20279 s
<y
1
fn = 4.9312 Hz
r = 0.203 s <
/ = 4.93 H z 4
(b); N ow
* = x m s i n ( f t > t + <f>)
^ 24kN*/m is moved vertically downward from its equilibrium position and released.
Knowing that the amplitude o f the resulting motion is 60 mm, determine
t (a ) the period and frequency o f the motion, (b ) the maximum velocity and
SOLUTION
~ _ _ P P P
8 = 5 ,+ + =
' 2 24 24 it
Hence, I = 12 kN/m
it 24 + 24
2n 2n
Then = 0.40558 s
r" IT 1(12000kN/m)
V \ 50 kg
r = 0.405 s <
(b )
LEL
SOLUTION
j _L
f $ T T T T
<lz
U Sz.
,
I, ,
Ft
Determine the constant k o f a single spring equivalent to the three springs shown.
Springs I and 2:
S = d', + S i, and = +
1 * k kx k2
Hence
k = k'k2
A;, + k2
Where k' is the spring constant o f a single spring equivalent o f springs 1 and 2.
Springs A:'and 3 Deflection in each spring is the same)
k = k' + k, = + *3
k, + ki
_ 2k
(ci) = 0.361 s A
4.11 x 103 N/m
" I 13.6 kg
1
f, = = = 2.77 Hz <
r 0.3614 s
PROBLEM 19.20 CONTINUED
And xm = 44 mm = 0.044 m
And
SOLUTION
For equilibrium
w \
w \ V \ \
Equal stretch x
SA 
3 ,b v v
 S C. i s =
4 lb
Ta = Tc = 3 lb + kx, Th = 4 lb + kx
nix + 3kx = 0
0.5 [3k
= COS.  1
12 Vm
/ 0.5 N
(a ) Then Tr = 4 + k (1 ) = 0 => Ar = 96 lb/fi A
1 t M I 12
3k
(b) cor, =
m
f = 4.85 Hz <
05 [3T
(c) Ta = 3 + 96 cos I /
\ 12 / Vm
( T a) . = 3  9 6
' 1'mm 12
max comp: 1 lb A
PROBLEM 19.23
Tw o springs o f constants and k2 are connected in series to a block A
that vibrates in simple harmonic motion with a period o f 5 s. When the
same two springs are connected in parallel to the same block, the block
vibrates with a period o f 2 s. Determine the ratio k] /k2 o f the two spring
constants.
SOLUTION
Equivalent Springs
Series: k. = *1 *2 
+ k2
Parallel: kp = kx + k2
2n 2n 2n In
tp =
(0
W
/ \2 /.x2
1^
 (I )2 * i + *2 _ { ^ + k 2f
II
(6.25)(*,*2) = k{ + l k xk2 + k \
 L = 2.125 ; V 3 . 5 16
*2
kL = 4 <
k,
PROBLEM 19.24
~ w The period o f vibration o f the system shown is observed to be 0.7 s. After
I*, the spring o f constant k2 = 900 lb/ft is removed from the system, the
period is observed to be 0.9 s. Determine (a ) the constant A:,, ( b) the
weight o f block ,4.
a
 it, _yonlb/ft
1 *
J L
SOLUTION
Equivalent springs
ki Fl; = kx8; F2 = k28
Jy
X f ] + F2 = F = *t.<5
ke = At, + k2
In
(a) Both springs = 0.7 s
V?
n
k. Alone, r' = = 0.9s
T.
r 0.7 s _ *. _ j 0.7 s'! = 0.6049
r 
r' 0.9 s V *r ^J k, + k2 At, + k 2 [o .9 sJ
(b ) =. ( o .9)2 =  M ^
fK y 1378 lb/ft
or m = 28.275 lb/(ft/s2)
IT = 910 lb 4
PROBLEM 19.25
The period o f small oscillations o f the system shown is observed to be
1.6 s. After a 14lb collar is placed on top o f collar A, the period o f
oscillation is observed to be 2.1 s. Determine (a) the weight o f collar A,
(b) the spring constant k.
SOLUTION
Initially x  ^ = = 1.6 s
k
After the 14 lb weight is added to A,
in
x = 2.1s
I mA+mB
\m A + mB
(a)
m.
2A A
+B
1.6 m .
141b
(\ .1 2 2 l)(m A) = mA + mB Note mB = T
32.2 ft/s2
f 141b x
mA = 1.3838wfl = 1.3838
V 32.2 ft/s2 /
141b
WA = mA(?>2.2 ft/s2j = 1.3838j  19.373 lb
V32.2 ft/s"
WA  19.37 lb <
2xx
0b
) T =
*(**)2
(
^
(r)
/ 19.373 lb \
1 32.2 ft/s2 )
k  { 2 tx)
(l6 s)
k = 9.278 lb/ft
k = 9.28 lb/ft
PROBLEM 19.26
The period o f vibration o f the system shown is observed to be 0.2 s. After
the spring o f constant k2 = 3.5 kN/m is removed and block A is
connected to the spring o f constant kx, the period is observed to be
i,  3.5kN/m 0.12 s. Determine (a ) the constant kx o f the remaining spring, (6) the
mass o f b lo ck s.
SOLUTION
The equivalent spring constant for springs in series is:
kxk2
k. 
kx + k2
2n 2n
For kx and k2 t =
K I kl k2
mA \ m A ( ki + * 2 )
2n
For kx alone r' =
(a ) = kx + k2
\? j
t 0.2 s
= 0.16667
t' 0.12 s
WA
mA =
g
\2
xf2
( * l ) kl
ntj =
(2
mA = 2.27 kg <1
PROBLEM 19.27
A I The 50kg block D is supported as shown by three springs, each o f which
has a constant k. The period o f vertical vibration is to remain unchanged
when the block is replaced by a 60kg block, spring A is replaced by a
spring o f constant kA, and the other two springs are unchanged.
Knowing that the period o f vibration is 0.4 s, determine the values o f k
and kA.
/; %
K S
*&
J5L
SOLUTION
The equivalent spring constant, accounting for the springs in series, is
, , k
Kq =k + 
_ , 2k 2k
T = 0.4 S :
1
3 k/g
\ 50 kg y 50 leg
2k
t = 0.4 s
I keg
y 60 kg
Since
or
_ k{keq  k )
kj =
2k ~ Kq
kA = 32.9 kN/m 4
PROBLEM 19.28
From mechanics o f materials it is known that when a static load P is
applied at the end B o f a uniform metal rod fixed at end A, the length o f
the rod will increase by an amount S = PL/ AE, where L is the length o f
the undeformed rod, A is its crosssectional area, and E is the modulus o f
elasticity of the material. Knowing that L = 18 in. and
= 29 x 106 lb/in2 and that the diameter o f the rod is 0.32 in., and
neglecting the weight o f the rod, determine (a ) the equivalent spring
constant o f the rod, ( b) the frequency o f the vertical vibrations o f a block
o f weight W' = 16 lb attached to end B o f the same rod.
(a) (b)
SOLUTION
(a )
ff(0.32 in.)
[29 x 10h psi]
AE
k. = = 129.57 x 103 lb/in.
18 in.
Ml29.57xlO3 lb/in.
r (16 lb)
J V (32.2 IVs2 )
(b ) / = 22 = J = 81.272 Hz
In In
f = 81.3 Hz A
PROBLEM 19.29
From mechanics o f materials it is known that for a simply supported
beam o f uniform cross section a static load P applied at the center w ill
A cause a deflection 5A = P I J/487, where L is the length o f the beam, E
L h is the modulus o f elasticity, and / is the moment o f inertia o f the cross
2 2
sectional area o f the beam. Knowing that L = 5 m, E = 200 GPa, and
I = 20 x 10 'm4, determine (a ) the equivalent spring constant o f the
beam, (b ) the frequency o f vibration o f a 750 kg block attached to the
center o f the beam. Neglect the mass o f the beam and assume that the
load remains in contact with the beam.
PROBLEM 19.30
A 2.4in. deflection o f the second floor o f a building is measured directly
under a newly installed 12.3kips piece o f rotating machinery which has a
slightly unbalanced rotor. Assuming that the deflection o f the floor is
proportional to the load it supports, determine (a ) the equivalent spring
constant o f the floor system, (b ) the speed in rpm o f the rotating
machinery that should be avoided i f it is not to coincide with the natural
frequency o f the floormachinery system.
PROBLEM 19.31
The forcedeflection equation for a nonlinear spring fixed at one end is
F = 4x1/2 where F is the force, expressed in newtons, applied at the
other end and x is the deflection expressed in meters, (a ) Determine the
deflection x 0 i f a 100g block is suspended from the spring and is at rest.
( b) Assuming that the slope o f the forcedeflection curve at the point
corresponding to this loading can be used as an equivalent spring
constant, determine the frequency o f vibration o f the block i f it is given a
very small downward displacement from its equilibrium position and
released.
PROBLEM 19.32
Rod AB is attached to a hinge at A and to two springs, each o f constant
T k = 1.35 kN/m. (a ) Determine the mass m o f the block C for which the
period o f small oscillations is 4 s. ( b) I f end B is depressed 60 mm and
released, determine the maximum velocity o f block C. Neglect the mass
i o f the rod and assume that each spring can act in either tension or
" compression.
SOLUTION
0.75 He. g
1 \ . 7 f c r
1 < e * < A
ft
h 4n 0 .7 5 ^
3 ,> p  
1
a
\ S
i c
U
* m o u = /v * f i . i & )
1.125 kd = \ M m 9
1.44m# + \.\25kO = 0
.. 1.125(1.35 x 103)
0 + i '6 = 0
1.44m
0 + m ^ . e= o
m
2 1054.69 . 2k
Then co; =  , and r = = 4s
m (o
2k Vl 054.69 1054.69 2k
=  or 
4 m m iT j
m = 427.45 kg
m = 427 kg <
(b )
At / = 0
9 = = 0.03636 rad
1.65m
PROBLEM 19.32 CONTINUED
And 9  0
0 = 9mconcos(o)nt + <t>)
9 = = 0.03636 rad
1.65m
9 = 9mconcos(cont + <f)
1054.69 , ..
a> = J = 1.5708 rad/s
427.45
Then
9 = = 0.03636 rad
1.65m
/ =
2
nps
t
Neglect the mass o f the beam, and assume that the load remains in
contact with the beam.
PROBLEM 19.34
Expanding the integrand in Eq. (19.19) o f Sec. 19.4 into a series o f even
powers o f sin^ and integrating, show that the period o f a simple
pendulum o f length I may be approximated by the formula
(
[7 1 2
1 + sin O
j8 \ 4 2 J
SOLUTION
sin = y/o.03
2
0m = 19.948
9m = 19.95 4
PROBLEM 19.36
Using the date o f Table 19.1, determine the period o f a simple pendulum
o f length / = 600 mm (a ) for small oscillations, ( b) for oscillations o f
amplitude 0m = 30, (c) for oscillations o f amplitude 6m = 120.
SOLUTION
( )
T~ 2 * ' 17
0.6 m
= In . = 1.5539 s
V 9.81 m/s2
 1.554 s ^
'7 k 'f ^ 2k
( b) For large oscillations 2tc I (1.5539 s)
n U J n
rn (6 0 ) = 1.581 s A
SA
TV
PROBLEM 19.37
Using the date o f Table 19.1, determine the length in inches o f a simple
pendulum which oscillates with a period o f 3 s and an amplitude o f
em= 60 .
SOLUTION
From Equation 19.20;
(Js) = ( 2 ) ( l . 6 8 6 ) ( 2 ) ^
J = = 0.44484 j  0.19788
V 32.2 6.744 V 32.2
1 ffir
12 + mf
1 e+ ~ k B + l 2kc 9 = 0
12 1 2.
w /2<9 + 0 = 0
3
i + k, 9 = 0
m
101b
N ow kB = 50 lb/ft, kc = 62 lb/ft, m =
32.2 ft/s2
()
3(32.2) 50
9 + + 62 9 = 0
10
9 + 119.619 = 0
co
f n = = 4.2696 Hz
2k
/ = 4 .2 7 H z
(b)
Maximum velocity at C :
Thus
70 in.
(*c )" = J p M ) 9m = (58333 ft) (  017253 rad)
= 0.10064 ft
(x c ) m = 0.1006 ft A
PROBLEM 19.39
The 9kg uniform rod AB is attached to springs at A and B, each o f
constant 850 N/m, which can act in tension or compression. I f the end A
o f the rod is depressed slightly and released, determine (a ) the frequency
o f vibration, ( b) the amplitude o f the angular motion o f the rod, knowing
that the maximum velocity o f point ^4 is 1.1 mm/s.
 360 nun
 GOO mm 
SOLUTION
(a ) L M C = Z(A/c )efT:
or I a + 0.1Ima, + 0.S2l~k9 = 0
But / = a. = 0.1/a, a  6,
12 '
So 6 + 0.52l2k0 = 0
0 + 5.5714/2* # = 0
850 N/m
<9 + (5.5714) }o = 0
9 kg )
9 + 526.19 s2 9 = 0
PROBLEM 19.39 CONTINUED
f = 3.65 H z 4
0m = 0nfi>n
(*a ).= 0 ( . )
0.0011 m/s = 0.6(0.6 m )(0 m)(22.939 rad/s)
6m = 0.0076
PROBLEM 19.40
Tw o identical 3kg uniform rods are hinged at point B and attached to a
spring o f constant k = 4 kN/m. The rods are guided by small wheels o f
b i
negligible mass and the system is in equilibrium when the rods are
horizontal as shown. Knowing that point B is depressed 20 mm and
0.5 m  0.5 m  released, determine (a ) the frequency o f the resulting vibration, ( b) the
magnitude o f the maximum angular acceleration o f rod AB.
450 nun
PROBLEM 19.41
A 1.2kg uniform rod AB is attached to a hinge at A and to two springs,
each o f constant k = 450 N/m . (a ) Determine the mass m o f block C for
which the period o f small oscillations is 0.6 s. ( b) I f end B is depressed
60 mm and released, determine the maximum velocity o f block C.
" >3 $
SOLUTION
! U " e t
1 j r J ^ q o 7S ^ _ (, w A
L 0 4 5 %.*75ktvI ^ C"~ ;
r ^ ^ ^ c U _ 0 .8 2 5  J
(a)
C+ ZMa = 2 (A /,)cfT:
1.2mg + 0.825mRg  2(0.75)FS = l a + 0.825ms (a,)c + 1.2m(a,)c (1)
Where Fs = k(0.150 + S ^)
At equilibrium, 0  0
And
6i + 50625 . = 0
1.08925 + 1.44m
PROBLEM 19.41 CONTINUED
2 5 0 6 .2 5 , \2 (2 n ) In
NOW (On =  = ( 2 7 tfn ) hr = 1 0 9 .6 6
" 1 .0 8 9 2 5 + 1 .4 4 m v ( rJ 2 0 6
5 0 6 .2 5 = 1 0 9 .6 6 (1 .0 8 9 2 5 + 1 .4 4 m )
m = 2 .4 4 9 5 k g
m  2 .4 5 k g 4
(tb ) (v c ) = 1 .2 ( 0 ) 6m = = = 0 .0 3 6 3 6 ra d
v ' max ' ''max. m 1 .6 5 1 .6 5
= (0 .0 3 6 3 6 r a d )(l0 9 .6 6 s 2 f = 0 .3 8 0 7 5 rad / s
( v c ) max  1 .2 (0 .3 8 0 7 5 ra d / s ) = 0 .4 5 6 9 1 m /s
(\ vc )/ n = 4 5 7 m m /s 4
PROBLEM 19.42
k A 12lb uniform cylinder can roll without sliding on a horizontal surface
C. c and is attached by a pin at point C to the 8lb horizontal bar AB. The bar
A B is attached to two springs, each o f constant A: = 30 lb/in. as shown.
Knowing that the bar is moved 0.5 in. to the right o f the equilibrium
position and released, determine (a ) the period o f vibration o f the system,
(b ) the magnitude o f the maximum velocity o f the bar.
PROBLEM 19.43
A 12lb uniform cylinder is assumed to roll without sliding on a
c MMA horizontal surface and is attached by a pin at point C to the 8lb
horizontal bar AB. The bar is attached to two springs, each o f constant k =
20 lb/in. as shown. Knowing that the coefficient o f static friction between
the cylinder and the surface is 0.5, determine the maximum amplitude o f
the motion o f point C which is compatible with the assumption o f rolling.
SOLUTION
From 19.42
N = W = M g + mg = 12 lb + 8 lb = 20 lb
F r =  M r 2d =  M r 2
2 2 (f)
l(. 121b \
max = 2 1 32.2 ft/s ~ _ ^ 2^ ^ _ A jn p ijt u d e
N 201b
or A = 0.090278 ft
A = 1.083 in. A
PROBLEM 19.44
A 270kg flywheel has a diameter o f 1.2 m and a radius o f gyration o f
0.5 m. A belt is placed over the rim and attached to two springs, each o f
constant k = 13 kN/m. The initial tension in the belt is sufficient to
prevent slipping. I f the end C o f the belt is pulled 25 mm to the right and
released, determine (a ) the period o f vibration, ( b) the maximum angular
velocity o f the flywheel.
SOLUTION
(a)
S " . = r 
F c = *[(<Ssr)c   4 f b = * [ + ( M ]
Z M A = 0 = 0 M ( S s t )c  0 M ( S s t )b ( 2)
I d + 0.72kd = 0
x2
/ = m h2 = (270 kg)(0.5 m ) = 67.5 kgm 2
2 0.72A: 9360 N m _2
Thus cot = = ^  =  r = 138.67 s 2
I 67.5 kgm
2n 2n
r = = 0.5335 s
>n J l 38.67 s
r = 0.534 s 4
PROBLEM 19.44 CONTINUED
#m ax = m n
xr 0.025 m .
= = 0.04167 rad
m r 0.6 m
co = 0.491 rad/s 4
PROBLEM 19.45
For the uniform semicircular plate o f radius r, determine the period o f
small oscillations i f the plate (a ) is suspended from point A as shown, ( b)
a'B
is suspended from a pin located at point B.
PROBLEM 19.46
A thin homogeneous wire is bent into the shape o f an isosceles triangle o f
sides b, b, and 1.6b. Determine the period o f small oscillations i f the wire
(a ) is suspended from point A as shown, ( b) is suspended from point B.
PROBLEM 19.47
5in. 5 in.
A semicircular hole is cut in a uniform square plate which is attached to a
frictionless pin at its geometric center O. Determine (a ) the period o f
small oscillations o f the plate, ( b) the length o f a simple pendulum which
has the same period.
SOLUTION
071467 ft
1/ 2 rrr
16r 
m = ptr~ 16  ' = ^ ( 2 . 5 0 5 0 7 )  ^
2 S
n r* 8r* ;rr2
A, = f (4 r )4  2r 
9* + 2 3n
B 6 _ 9n
P tr = / * ( ! . 15333)
3 4
mgb
() /o0 + mgbd = 0, co2 =
x = = 2.81 s <
(O.,
(* ) n = ^ ,
<y2 / = 6.44 ft <
PROBLEM 19.49
Tw o 50g weights are attached at A and B to the rim o f a 1.5kg uniform
disk o f radius r = 80 mm. Determine the frequency o f small oscillations
when p = 45.
SOLUTION
= 3.1939 s_l
f , = ^ = 0.508 Hz <
" 271
PROBLEM 19.50
A uniform disk o f radius r = 10 in. is attached at A to a 26in. rod AB o f
negligible weight which can rotate freely in a vertical plane about B.
Determine the period o f small oscillations (a ) i f the disk is free to rotate
in a bearing at A, (b ) i f the rod is riveted to the disk at A.
r = 10 in.
SOLUTION
i*
r2fcin.
'1 0 n2
m = 0.334722 m
:\12,
a = 0
Thus la  0
Then = ( I M b )c(T
m l'O + mgld  0
2 g 32.2 ft/s2
And co = = = 14.861 s"
26 ft
" / 12 11
rn = = 1.6299 s
co
r = 1.630 s A
PROBLEM 19.50 CONTINUED
So 6+
3 + 3
Then
(a ) With d  1m
i ) ( m) = 1.794 s A
r_ = 2n = 1.7943 s t
( 2 + 3 ) (9.81 m/s2
SOLUTION
0 + sin# = 0
7 + k
72 + k 2 27i L k
= = 2x r +
CO., 8f Vg
k2
For smallest r we must have r + a minimum
r +
/ _ k2
= 1  =
d7 r
2
r r2
= k
7 = k (Q.E.D) <
PROBLEM 19.54
Show that i f the compound pendulum p f Prob. 19.52 is suspended from A
instead o f O , the period o f oscillation is the same as before and the new
center o f oscillation is located at O.
PROBLEM 19.55
v w w *d The 16lb uniform bar AB is hinged at C and is attached at A to a spring
o f constant k = 50 lb/ft. I f end A is given a small displacement and
released, determine (a ) the frequency o f small oscillations, ( b) the
smallest value o f the spring constant k for which oscillations w ill occur.
SOLUTION
= 0.04493 lbfts2
a = 9
a = 0.16667$
v !2 ,
sin 6 6
(+ ZM C .( Z M c ) "
/ 16 N
0.04493 + 0.02778 0 + [0.47266A:  (0 .1 6 6 6 7 )(l6 )]$ = 0
32.2
s/36828
f = 3 l  = 3.007 Hz
Jn In In
f n = 3.01 H z A
PROBLEM 19.55 CONTINUED
(b ) For r > oo, con 0 oscillations w ill not occur
2 0.47266)1  2.6667 .
= = 0
0.05873
k = 5.642 lb/ft
k = 5.64 lb/ft M
PROBLEM 19.56
o A 10kg uniform equilateral triangular plate is suspended from a pin
located at one o f its vertices and is attached to two springs, each o f
. constant k = 200 N/m. Knowing that the plate is given a small angular
k displacement and released, determine the frequency o f the resulting
\ vibration.
5 ^
SOLUTION
r s o is o w
I = m r2 = (0.250) m = a  6
2 2V 32
a,  la  0.650#
Thus la  0
Z M b = S (M f l )efr
m g l sin 9 = Ima,
9 = 9ms.m{o)nt + <f>)
^ _ /r 7i .
At t = 0, 9 = 2   rad, 0 = 0
180 90
0 = 0ma>ncos((ont + 0 )
n
t = 0 0 = 9ma>n cos <f> =
n
= 9msin ^0 +  ' 9 = rad
90 2 ) m 90
PROBLEM 19.59 CONTINUED
Thus a=
9 71 sin
77
<rt + 2
90
( V/< )m ax ^m ax l& m Pn
n
With I = 26 in. = 2.1667 ft, 9m =  rad, co
m 90
( ^ L a x = ( 2 1 6 6 7 f t )
90 JV 2.1667 ft
= 0.29156 ft/s
= 3.4987 in./s
(v .)
v A /m a x = 3.50in./s,4
( b) For disk riveted at A ( I a included)
+ m l2 19 + m gl9 = 0
<y,
a 
71 sin
n
9 nt +  \ (See (a ))
90
( V/l ) m a x ^m ax ^ m 07n
= 0.28135 ft/s
= 3.376 in./s
(v ^ )
v A /m a x =3.38in./s^
PROBLEM 19.60
A homogeneous rod o f mass per unit length equal to 0.4 kg/m is used to
form the assembly shown, which rotates freely about pivot A in a vertical
plane. Knowing that the assembly is displaced 2 clockwise from its
equilibrium position and released, determine its angular velocity and
angular acceleration 5 s later.
SOLUTION
mi = 0.4(2;rr), m2 = 0 .4 (r)
m
b = = 0.01373 m
W + m2
2 _ (m, + m2)gb
a = ~d0(o2
cos cont
a = 0.1268 rad/s2 A
PROBLEM 19.61
B A homogeneous wire bent to form the figure shown is attached to a pin
support at A. Knowing that r = 12 in. and that point B is pushed down
1 in. and released, determine the magnitude o f the velocity o f B, 8 s later.
PROBLEM 19.61 CONTINUED
mr
h = P n r 2r + 2r 
(2 + *)
mr 2 2r
^ i 0 + mg  0 = 0
(2 + 7r) 3 ( 2 + #)
2_ 2g _ 2(32.2 ft/s2)
(*r +  )r ( * + f ) ( ]  ft)
0 = 0ms in ( r+ (2>) ^ = r0
At t = 0 ^ = = 0.08333 f t , * * = 0
7t
^ 8 = 0 = (jyB) me>cos(0 + </>), <j> =
7t
y B ~ 0.08333 sin  ont + ^ co  4.1123 r/s
/
r ^
K
yB = 0.08333 cos (DJ +  0.08333<y sinf
\
2
vB  4.10 in./s A
PROBLEM 19.62
A homogeneous wire bent to form the figure shown is attached to a pin
support at A. Knowing that r = 320 mm and that point B is pushed
down 30 mm and released, determine the magnitude o f the acceleration
o f B, 10 s later.
SOLUTION
( 2r\
About C mgc = 0 + n r p\ g = 2r 2p g
Vn )
p r (2 + n ) c = 2 r 'p
2r
c =
(2 + n )
+> Z M 0 = Z(A/0)cff a = 6 a, = ca = c6
But / + me2 = 70
(2 r f
(^o)semicirc + (2o)line WIscircr line
+ m\ i
12
m
^scirc = P n r Kne = P l r P =
(2 + 7t)
2 2r r mr 2
h = P 7irr +  /r +
(2 + ;r) 3
mr 2 2r
n 6 + mg 0 = 0
{2
+ x)i 3 (2 +
2g . 2(9.81m/s2)
" (;r + +  )(0.32 m )
6 = 0ma n ( a j + <p) y B = rd
At t = 0 y B = 0.03 m yB = 0
/ 71^
yB = 0.03 sin con = 4.0125 s"
\ 1J
yB = (0.03)(<y2)sinj^<v + y j = 0.032cosfiy
VB (0.07902)2
O n (0.36437)2 0.365 m/s2 A
032
PROBLEM 19.63
A uniform disk o f radius r  6 in. is welded at its center to two elastic
rods o f equal length with fixed ends A and B. Knowing that the disk
rotates through an 8 angle when a 0.375 lb ft couple is applied to the
disk and that it oscillates with a period o f 1.3 s when the couple is
removed, determine (a) the weight o f the disk, ( b) the period o f vibration
i f one o f the rods is removed.
PROBLEM 19.64
, A 5kg uniform rod CD o f length / = 0.7 m is welded at C to two elastic
rods, which have fixed ends at A and B and are known to have a
fi
combined torsional spring constant K = 24 Nm/rad.. Determine the
period o f small oscillation, i f the equilibrium position o f C D is
A^ (a ) vertical as shown, ( b) horizontal.
i
U
D
PROBLEM 19.64 CONTINUED
0b)
TT ' To<
But in equilibrium (9 = 0) M C = 0 =  K 6 st + m g 
Thus JJ9 + KG  0
1.159 s 4
g> K 24Nm/rad
PROBLEM 19.65
A 60kg uniform circular plate is welded to two elastic rods which have
fixed ends at supports A and B as shown. The torsional spring constant o f
each rod is 200 N m/rad and the system is in equilibrium when the plate
0.16hi is vertical. Knowing that the plate is rotated 2 about axis AB and
released, determine (a ) the period o f oscillation, (b ) the magnitude o f the
maximum velocity o f the mass center G o f the plate.
PROBLEM 19.66
A horizontal platform P is held by several rigid bars which are connected
to a vertical wire. The period o f oscillation o f the platform is found to be
2.2 s when the platform is empty and 3.8 s when an object A o f uniform
moment o f inertia is placed on the platform with its mass center directly
above the center o f the plate. Knowing that the wire has a torsional
constant K = 27 Nm/rad, determine the centroidal moment o f inertia
o f object/I.
PROBLEM 19.67
A uniform equilateral triangular plate o f side b is suspended from three
vertical wires o f the same length I. Determine the period o f small
oscillations o f the plate when (a ) it is rotated through a small angle about
a vertical axis through its mass center G, ( b) it is given a small horizontal
displacement in a direction perpendicular to AB.
SOLUTION
be
Geometry
be
m
mg bO
F =
3 />/3
Then + ) I M g = i Ge =  F ^ ~ e
mb' m gb'
or e+ 0 = 0
12 3L
(a) co:
1 \g
PROBLEM 19.68
A 4lb circular disk o f radius r = 40 in. is suspended at its center C from
wires AB and B C soldered together at B. The torsional spring constants o f
the wires are AT, = 3 lbft/rad for AB and K 2 = 1.5 lbft/rad for BC.
Determine the period o f oscillation o f the disk about the axis AC.
PROBLEM 19.69
Tw o small spheres, A and C, each o f mass m, are attached to rod AB,
which is supported by a pin and bracket at B and by a spring C D o f
constant k. Knowing that the mass o f the rod is negligible and that the
( ( IB system is in equilibrium when the rod is horizontal, determine the
J "t" J *1 frequency o f the small oscillations o f the system.
PROBLEM 19.70
A 0.7kg sphere A and a 0.5kg sphere C are attached to the ends o f a rod
too "m m A C o f negligible mass which can rotate in a vertical plane about an axis at
B. Determine the period o f small oscillations o f the rod.
160 m m
SOLUTION
Datum at
Position
% = 0
V\ = Wc hc  WAhA
hc = B C { l  c o s 0 m)
hA = BA{\  cos0m)
6 = [0 n )(c )  ( W > r f r f
.0 :
= (0.785  0 .6 8 7 )^  = 0.098^
PROBLEM 19.70 CONTINUED
T2 = i m c (O.16)20 2 + m A{ 0 . l f % , ( V A) m = ( O .l)0 m
7^ + V, = T2 + r 2: 0 + 0 .0 9 8 ^ = ^ ^ 20 2
2 0.098 oc _2 2n In
co = = 4.95 s , r = = . 2.82 s <
0.0198 con y[4$5
PROBLEM 19.71
Tw o blocks, each o f weight 3 lb, are attached to links which are pin
connected to bar BC as shown. The weights o f the links and bar are
negligible and the blocks can slide without friction. Block D is attached
to a spring o f constant k = 4 lb/in. Knowing that block A is moved 0.5 in.
from its equilibrium position and released, determine the magnitude o f
the maximum velocity o f block D during the resulting motion.
PROBLEM 19.72
Tw o blocks, each o f weight 3 lb, are attached to links which are pin
connected to bar BC as shown. The weights o f the links and bar are
negligible and the blocks can slide without friction. Block D is attached
to a spring o f constant k = 4 lb/in. Knowing that block A is at rest when it
is struck horizontally with a mallet and given an initial velocity o f
10 in./s, determine the magnitude o f the maximum displacement o f block
D during the resulting motion.
SOLUTION
From Problem 19.71
SOLUTION
Datum at
Position
71 = \ Vx = 0
T2 = 0 V2 = mgh
h = r ( l  cos0m) = r2sin2^ 
rOm
'
el
V2 = m g rz 
Conservation o f energy
T\ + v \ = T2 + V2 ~>70^m + 0 = 0 + m g r^ j
K = = ms rdl
4/ r2 _
col = Tn = 2
(o: mgr
J 0 = J + mr~ 7 .
J + mr
2=  =
47Z~
J7 =
( r H ' g r ) m r 2
471
J = 2 .6 2 3 4 5 Nm s  1 .1 6 3 7 5 N m s2 = 1 .4 5 9 7 Nm s*
J = 1 .4 6 0 kgm2 4
PROBLEM 19.76
A connecting rod is supported by a knife edge at point A ; the period o f its
small oscillations is observed to be 0.895 s. The rod is then inverted and
supported by a knife edge at point B and the period o f its small
oscillations is observed to be 0.805 s. Knowing that ra + rb = 10.5 in.,
determine (a ) the location o f the mass center G, ( b) the centroidal radius
o f gyration k .
PROBLEM 19.76 CONTINUED
P + F 2
() t = 2n1
gr
Tn = 0.895 = 2 x r= ra (1 )
V
k 2 + r2
Tn = 0805 = 2 n ~
b, r= rb (2)
V STb
P + r 2 = ^ (0 .8 9 5 f (l'J
An
72 . 2 _ j i f b l A oa<\2
^ + ^ = ^ ( 0805) ( 2')
r] ~ r2 = [0.80125ra  0.648025r6]
4n
' 0.895
(b ) k 2 = gra
2n
k = 3.03 in.
PROBLEM 19.77
L'. s
A uniform disk o f radius r and mass m can roll without slipping on a
cylindrical surface and is attached to bar A B C o f length L and negligible
mass. The bar is attached to a spring o f constant k and can rotate freely in
the vertical plane about point B. Knowing that end A is given a small
displacement and released, determine the frequency o f the resulting
oscillations in terms o f m, L, k, and g.
PROBLEM 19.78
A 7kg uniform cylinder can roll without sliding on an incline and is
attached to a spring AB as shown. I f the center o f the cylinder is moved
10 mm down the incline and released, determine (a ) the period o f
vibration, ( b) the maximum velocity o f the center o f the cylinder.
SOLUTION
(a ) Position
?i = 0 V , = ^ k { S S T + rdm) 2
Position
7; + V, = T2 + V2
0+ + rGm)~ = + m8h +
+ 2kSSTrdm + kv2e l = J 6 i + m v 2
m + 2mgh + (1)
Also h = rs'm/30m
Ar 2e l = J 0 i + mvl
0m = vm = rdm = rco9m
kr2ol = ( 3 + mr2)elcol
PROBLEM 19.78 CONTINUED
2 kr2
at: =
J + m r2
J = m r2
2 kr2 2 k
= 1^ wr 2 + m r"2 = T3
m
t = = . 2n = 0.71983 s
<y /2 (80 N/m)
V 1 2 kg
r = 0.720 s <4
v =
em =
2n
vm = (0.01 m ) = 0.0873 m/s ^
0.720 s
PROBLEM 19.79
Tw o uniform rods, each o f mass m = 0.6 kg and length / = 160 mm,
are welded together to form the assembly shown. Knowing that the
constant o f each spring is k = 120 N/m and that end A is given a small
displacement and released, determine the frequency o f the resulting
motion.
k
PROBLEM 19.79 CONTINUED
IV W 12 2n2
+  I (Q~0~
m ki2
_j_
n tn = 01
I 6 g 4 g 2 2
=K + iL f,
2_ 2 + 1 6' z * + L
CO =
/ *
V K )
= 166.43 s2
(o = 12.901 rad/s
f n = 2.05 Hz <
PROBLEM 19.80
A slender 20lb bar AB o f length / = 2 ft is connected to two collars o f
negligible mass. Collar A is attached to a spring o f constant k = 100 lb/ft
and can slide on a horizontal rod, while collar B can slide freely on a
vertical rod. Knowing that the system is in equilibrium when bar AB is
vertical and that collar A is given a small displacement and released,
determine the period o f the resulting vibrations.
SOLUTION
V = k { l O ) 2 + mg
\ ' /
2'
T =  m l2 + m 6
2 12 (i)
kl , mg!
co2
= ? <
" ml
2 3k 3g
cot =  +
" m 21
20 lb
With k = 100 lb/ft, / = 2 ft, m =
32.2 ft/s2
r = = 0.279 s <
PROBLEM 19.81
A slender 10lb bar AB o f length / = 2 ft is connected to two collars, each
o f weight 5 lb. Collar A is attached to a spring o f constant k  100 lb/ft
and can slide on a horizontal rod, while collar B can slide freely on a
vertical rod. Knowing that the system is in equilibrium when bar AB is
vertical and that collar A is given a small displacement and released,
determine the period o f the resulting vibrations.
PROBLEM 19.82
A 6lb slender rod AB is bolted to a 10lb uniform disk. A spring o f
constant 25 lb/ft is attached to the disk and is unstretched in the position
shown. I f end B o f the rod is given a small displacement and released,
determine the period o f vibration o f the system.
15 iii.
PROBLEM 19.82 CONTINUED
1 2 1 ,2
 m Dr +  m ABl ^ + 0 = 0+ + }  mABg l e i
0m = A
f 1 2 1 ,2^
+  V 0 = I + mAB&~X el
2 +  m ABl
fr 2 + f g w _ g [^ 2+ i ^ v ]
" j [ i ^ 2 + } * W 2] " i ^ 2+ j W 2
2
57.109 s
r = = 0.8314 s
C0
= 0.831s <
PROBLEM 19.83
A 0.7kg sphere A and a 0.5kg sphere C are attached to the ends o f a
too 1kg rod A C which can rotate in a vertical plane about an axis at B.
Determine the period o f small oscillations o f the rod.
160 m m
PROBLEM 19.83 CONTINUED
a fp
With 1  cos0m = 2sin2^  *
2 2
i i fp
Tx + Vx = T 2 + V2: i(0.02633)<?2 + 0 = 0 + (0 .3 9 2 9 )^ 
om = A
2n _  1.62 66 s
con VI 4.922
r = 1.627 s A,
PROBLEM 19.84
Spheres A and C, each o f weight W, are attached to the ends o f a
homogeneous rod o f the same weight W and o f length 21 which is bent
as shown. The system is allowed to oscillate about a frictionless pin at B.
Knowing that P = 40 and / = 25 in., determine the frequency o f small
oscillations.
PROBLEM 19.84 CONTINUED
02
cosdm * l  y (smallangles)
V2 = ~ mgl cos /? 1  3 *
2
T\ + Vx = T2 + V2
f ft1 \
m l20 2  m g lcos0 = 0  m g lcos 1 _ Zm.
v 2 J
6m = ( r P m
= ^'gC O S/?^
= COS P
14 /
2 15 32.2 ft/s2
cos 40
"= l4 \ 25 in.
12 in./ft /
12.686 s~2
l
a>n = 3.5617 s
/, = = 0.56686 s1
2k
f n = 0.567 H z <4
PROBLEM 19.85
Three identical 8lb uniform slender bars are connected by pins as shown
if
and can move in a vertical plane. Knowing that bar B C is given a small
displacement and released, determine the period o f vibration o f the
system.
30 in.
30 in.
PROBLEM 19.86
Tw o uniform rods AB and CD, each o f length / and mass m, are attached
to gears as shown. Knowing that the mass o f gear C is m and that the
mass o f gear A is 4m, determine the period o f small oscillations o f the
system.
SOLUTION
2eA= ec
Let 6A =6m 26m=(0c )m
a. = ( < y
Position
m,C D ^26
2
IA = ^ (4 m )(2 r )2 = 8m r2
1 2 1 2
7c = ^ ( m)(r ) = 2 mr
1 m/2
//<fl = 12 m/2 IcD = 12
TT, = 1 m
' r 2' a ' 2 /2 /2 + I12 I
8 r 2 + 4+ + +
1 2 12 3 4
, 2 >
T, = m 10r 2 +  / 2
K,=0
PROBLEM 19.86 CONTINUED
Position
Tx = 0
vi = w g j i 1 ~ C0SO + * ~ ( 1  cos4(9m)
a .2
For small angles 1  cos0 = 2sin2
2 2
l  c o s 4 0 m = 2 sin2 20m = 2d l
el
V\ = mgl r ie l
.2.2
Tl + VX = T 2 + V2 9 l = < o lnd,
col =
Ul 3g l
10r 2 + 1 12 12 r 2 + 212
2n [l2 r 2 + 212
= 2 n.
1 3g l
PROBLEM 19.87
Tw o uniform rods AB and CD, each o f length / and mass m, are attached
to gears as shown. Knowing that the mass o f gear C is m and that the
mass o f gear A is Am, determine the period o f small oscillations o f the
system.
SOLUTION
26a = ec
Position
7; = + \lc ( + { I abOI + \ l c o f a f + +^ c d J j^
^ = 8" " 2
/ ab = w / 2 /'CD
r n =  r r m l2
12 12
f . ..
a.1
1
1 8r2 + V 2>
M
rc = m 0;
+
+
1
1 2 ,2> 12 3 4
PROBLEM 19.87 CONTINUED
T, = m 10r2 +  / 2 el V, = 0
1 2 3
Position
T2 = 0 V2 =  m g t ( 1  cos0m) +  ^ ( 1  cos20m)
f) ft2
For small angles 1  c o s 9m  2sin2
2 2
1  cos29m = Is m 19m 2<92
V2 =  m g + 20 2 = m gl0 2
2 2 2 2 2
t \ + Vx = T 2 + V2 9m  a>n9l
1 5
m 10r2 +  I 2 0 > 2 + O = O + i m g /  ^ 2
2 3
9g l
" 10r2 + f I2 60r 2 + 1012
2n l60r2 + 10/2
= 271.
' 9g/
PROBLEM 19.88
A 5kg uniform rod CD is welded at C to a shaft o f negligible mass
which is welded to the centers o f two 10kg uniform disks A and B.
Knowing that the disks roll without sliding, determine the period o f small
oscillations o f the system.
SOLUTION
Position
,,
2 WM
disk
tx =  2 [ i a) el +  r el
1 9 V 'disk m 9
2V s 2
= {(315 ) e l
vx=o
PROBLEM 19.88 CONTINUED
= ^(22.073)0;
PROBLEM 19.89
Three collars, each o f mass m, are connected by pins to bars A C and BC,
each o f length I and negligible mass. Collars A and B can slide without
friction on a horizontal rod and are connected by a spring o f constant k.
Collar C can slide without friction on a vertical rod and the system is in
equilibrium in the position shown. Knowing that collar C is given a small
displacement and released, determine the frequency o f the resulting
motion o f the system.
PROBLEM 19.90
Tw o 6lb uniform semicircular plates are attached to the 4lb rod AB as
shown. Knowing that the plates roll without sliding, determine the period
6in. / /6in. o f small oscillations o f the system.
 20 in.
PROBLEM 19.90 CONTINUED
r 4 r\ 9}
V2 = 2mDg ja . = fVDr 0 i = (6) % = 1 .273240*
3n 12
a si 2 1.27324
6m = <y0m: a>~ =  = 27.747
0.045866
= 5.2677, r = = 1.192 s
co
r = 1.192 s A
PROBLEM 19.91
An inverted pendulum consisting o f a sphere o f weight W and a bar ABC
o f length / and negligible weight is supported by a pin and bracket at C.
A spring o f constant k is attached to the bar at B and is undeformed when
the bar is in the vertical position shown. Determine (a) the frequency o f
small oscillations, ( b) the smallest value o f a for which the oscillations
will occur.
PROBLEM 19.91 CONTINUED
PROBLEM 19.92
For the inverted pendulum o f Prob. 19.91 and for given values o f k, a,
k A and /, it is observed that / = 1.5 Hz when m = 0.9 kg and that
W W yB5 / = 0.8 Hz when m = 1.8 kg. Determine the largest value o f m for
which small oscillations w ill occur.
SOLUTION
See solution o f Problem 19.91 for the frequency in terms o f W, k, a and /
ka~
1
Jn 2tt V I
ka~
/ = 1.5 Hz, m = 0.9 kg: 1.5 = ^  1 ( 1)
Jn h 2* V / 0.9 x 9.81 x/
ka
/ = 0.8 Hz, m = 1.8 kg: 0.8 =  1 (2 )
2n V / 1.8x9.81 x/
(17.658/ )
ka ka2
or 3.5156 1  1
17.658/ 8.829/
ka2
Then = 29.3088
I
( 29.3088 29.3088
/ =  " I lfn = 0 1 = 0
Jn 2n V / W ) '" W
m < 2.99 kg A
PROBLEM 19.93
o A section o f uniform pipe is suspended from two vertical cables attached
at A and B. Determine the frequency o f oscillation when the pipe is given
a small rotation about the centroidal axis O O ' and released.
w
T
i
L
O'
it . 4 lb /ft PROBLEM 19.94
A 4lb uniform rod A B C is supported by a pin at B and is attached to a
spring at C. It is connected at A to a 4lb block D E which is attached to a
spring and can roll without friction. Knowing that each spring can act in
tension or compression, determine the frequency o f small oscillations o f
the system when the rod is rotated through a small angle and released.
k 4 lb /ft
PROBLEM 19.94 CONTINUED
/ = 2  = 0.86625 Hz
2;r
/ = 0.866 Hz 4
PROBLEM 19.96
As a submerged body moves through a fluid, the particles o f the fluid
flow around the body and thus acquire kinetic energy. In the case o f a
sphere m oving in an ideal fluid, the total kinetic energy acquired by the
fluid is ( y l g ' j V v 2, where y is the specific weight o f the fluid, V is the
volume o f the sphere, and v is the velocity o f the sphere. Consider a 1lb
hollow spherical shell o f radius 4 in. which is held submerged in a tank o f
water by a spring o f constant 40 lb/ft. (a ) Neglecting fluid friction,
determine the period o f vibration o f the shell when it is displaced
vertically and then released, (b ) Solve part a, assuming that the tank is
accelerated upward at the constant rate o f 24 ft/s2.
SOLUTION
This is not a damped vibration. However, the kinetic energy o f the fluid
must be included
(a ) Position <D r, = o
V kx2
2~ 2 m
Position
T\ = V + r flu id = i m sv l + ~  j
Vv
V\=0
/ \
1 2 1 r
wx + vx = t2 + v2 msvm + V vi + 0 = 0 + ibc2
2 4
f 1 2 2 ;
m. + M V
1 2 2
=  t e m,C>n 
v 2 y
/ . . \
62.4 lb/ft3 4 4 in.
V  i n = 0.15032 lbs2/ft
2 g 2 32.2 ft/s2 3 12 in./ft
40 lb/ft 2
col  = 220.54 s
( llb , +0.15032 lbs2/ft)
\ 32.2 ft/s2 /
i
a> = 14.850 s
2k
Tn  = 0.4231 s
OK
 0.423 s <
k 1 kip/ ft
SOLUTION
" ( \2"
fjn_
*
* 1Pm  Y
m
1 \ f\
( )
1000 lb/ft
= 22.43 s '
64 lb
32.2 ft/s2
l
0.75 in. 10 s
P. = 1 (1000 lb/ft) = 50.077 lb
12 in./ft 22.43 s"
Pm = 50.1 \ b <
PROBLEM 19.99
A 4kg collar can slide on a frictionless horizontal rod and is attached to a
spring o f constant 450 N/m. It is acted upon by a periodic force o f
magnitude P = Pm sin co^t, where Pm = 13 N. Determine the amplitude
o f the motion o f the collar i f (a ) cof = 5 rad/s, ( b) co, = 10 rad/s.
SOLUTION
Equation (19.33)
fk
 m
450N/m _ ,0 6 0 7 s '1
4 kg
P 13 N
^2. = = 0.28889 m
k 450 N/m
0.28889 m
=
( mf
\ 10.607
0.28889 m
() = 5: Xm = = 0.03714 m
1
* V
(
10.607)I 2
0.28889 m
( b) (Of = 10: xm = = = 0.25984 m
J m . / ,n \2
1 v 10.607)
SOLUTION
Equation (19.33)
Pm
k
(a ) In Phase
9N
k = = 160.0 N/m <
0.15 m +
9N
k = 7 p = 40.0 N/m <
0.15 m + (4 kg)^5 s J
PROBLEM 19.101
A collar o f mass m which slides on a ffictionless horizontal rod is
attached to a spring o f constant k and is acted upon by a periodic force o f
magnitude P = Pm sin co, t. Determine the range o f values o f cof for
which the amplitude o f the vibration exceeds three times the static
deflection caused by a constant force o f magnitude Pm.
SOLUTION
P = J> sin ,
PROBLEM 19.103
A small 20kg block A is attached to the rod B C o f negligible mass which
is supported at B by a pin and bracket and at C by a spring o f constant
k  2 kN/m. The system can move in a vertical plane and is in
equilibrium when the rod is horizontal. The rod is acted upon at C by a
periodic force P o f magnitude P = Pmsin&yf, where Pra = 6 N.
Knowing that a>, = 15 rad/s, determine Ihe range o f values o f 6 for
which the amplitude o f vibration o f b lo c k s exceeds 3.5 mm.
SOLUTION
Referring to the figure and solution Problem 19.102
= 1 W = 1 12000(0.8)2 = 8
a* ~ b i m ~ b ' 2D b
6 = 0.40229 m
6 = 0.70706 m
I 8 'in (Of I
i .
1
+
SOLUTION
2 k 117 N/m
(o) co = = 
m 2 kg
o)2
n = 58.5 s 2
0.1 m
= = 0.17463 m
x = 174.6 mm A
(b ) Since <y2< ty2, x and S arein phase and net spring deflection is
x  S and F = k (x  8 )
Fm = 8.73 N <
PROBLEM 19.105
A 16lb block A slides in a vertical ffictionless slot and is connected to a
moving support B by means o f a spring AB o f constant k = 130 lb/ft.
Knowing that the displacement o f the support is 5 = 8m sin coA, where
Sm = 6 in., determine the range o f values o f co, for which the amplitude
o f the fluctuating force exerted by the spring on the block is less
than 30 lb.
!  S , sin I
SOLUTION
2 k 130 lb/ft .2
co = = = 261.63 s
m 16 lb
32.2 ft/s2
lj^ 6 5 lb In phase
Fm = k ( Xm ~ 5m) = k#n T  l
i  5
Fm < 3 0 lb
30 lb
So  1< = 0.46154
(Of
or 0.68241
G>n
Out o f phase
6 in.
Fm = k {x m  8 m) = 130 lb/ft = 130xm + 65 > 30
12 in./ft
SOLUTION
S i n Of t
r , or
llVlx
mXB = ~ K { XB ~ # )
"&B + K xb = ke8mSmo)ft
i _ M l r f = 24525 ,
CO.
" m Sgj 0.040
O '" m
0.5
1 245.25
10
20>
1 245.42
co
In phase + 20 1  > 10
245.25
245.25
CO'f <
Q W , i
r ~ IrodfS
2 o K h fttic
i f f
Z
v!
X
>x) *.
2o
'A W v ,^ 
i . 'A
2 \
(Of
Out o f phase 20 1 > 10
245.25
(Of > 0 2 4 5 .2 5 )
f acceleration o f sphere B.
PROBLEM 19.108
A 16lb b lo ck s slides in a vertical frictionless slot and is connected to a
moving fixed support B by means o f a spring o f constant k = 10 lb/ft.
TT
] Knowing that the acceleration o f the support is a = am sin cOjt, where
am = 4.5 ft/s2 and co) 5 rad/s, determine (a ) the maximum
displacement o f block A, ( b) the amplitude o f the fluctuating force
% exerted by the spring on the block.
, siu {O f t
J:
SOLUTION
(a ) Support motion
a = 8 = amsm (Oft
T " f \
\
O
h a m
sin coft
1
II
2
(O f
\ J J
5 ~a  4 5 M *2
ft. co,
vf (5 rad/s)
5m = 0.180 ft
B
From Equation (19.31 and 19.33')
8 2 k 10 lb/ft
   z s e ;
1 32.2 ft/s
0 1&
Xm = 7 ' = 0.74308 ft <y2 = 20.125 s~2
1 _ ( 25 \ "
1 V. 20.125 /
= 8.9169 in.
xm = 8.92 in. A
Thus
iw
o
F'm = k (x m + 8m) = 10 lb/ft(0.74308 ft + 0.18 ft)
= 9.2308 lb
Fm = 9.23 lb <
PROBLEM 19.109
A 360g ball is connected to a paddle by means o f an elastic cord AB o f
constant k = 70 N/m. Knowing that the paddle is moved vertically
5  <$,, sin t t if t according to the relation 8 = 8, sin cof t, with an amplitude
8, = 200 mm and a frequency f , = 0.5 Hz, determine the steadystate
amplitude o f the motion o f the bali.
SOLUTION
MX
X
I F = ma k (8  x ) = nix
f L\
X + x = 8
2 22
(Of = 2 n f f = 2 7i = ^ s a>f  n s
s2
1 = (7 0 N / m )= W 4 4 s , ;
m (0.36 kg)
8, = 0.2 m
Static deflection
ST k 5 lb/ft
PROBLEM 19.109 CONTINUED
xm = 211 mm A
PROBLEM 19.110
A 360g ball is connected to a paddle by means o f an elastic cord AB o f
constant k = 70 N/m. Knowing that the paddle is moved vertically
<>' M i l It), I according to the relation S = 8m sin cof t, where Sm = 200 mm,
determine the maximum allowable circular frequency <yy i f the cord is
not to become slack.
SOLUTION
Cord becomes slack when the net deflection o f the cord is greater than the static deflection, S,ST
ii
V
O o T O F
e
\ Phasc I 1
r
2 k 70 N/m 1Q, , , i
co:. = = = 194.44 s
m 0.36 kg
'< Q
4>
13
1 0.0505 ,
or  < + 1
0.2
i4
a>
So  5  < 1.2525
1 194.44
1 co
< 1
1.2525 194.44
c o ] > 194.44(0.79840  1 )
PROBLEM 19.110 CONTINUED
S O L U T IO N
(a )
iSvwSiuu^ti \ I X O = n
D J fe
!\ \
1 h ^
1 V
I Fx = max
 T sin# = mx
I F v = T cos#  mg = 0
For small angles cos# = 1. Acceleration in the y direction is second order and is neglected
T = mg
mx = m g sin#
#
sm a = 
x xc
/
mx + m ^x = x = Smsincof t
1 I c I f
" /
Sm
xm = 2
i4
K
12 1
PROBLEM 19.111 CONTINUED
:m = 2.14 in. ^
(b )
rF &<
_ r*  C O
ac = xc =  8 mail s m a rt
F  r sin 9 = ma
x x c
From part (a): T = mg, sin# = 
x  x
Thus F = ~mg + mcxc
 m a 2x + m a2xc + mcxc
= ~m a1
nxms'mcOft + m a 2Smsina^t  mca 2Sm sina } t
0.16690 sin nt
\  ( ( D f l(On)~
PROBLEM 19.113
A s the rotational speed o f a springsupported 200lb motor is increased,
the amplitude o f the vibration due to the imbalance o f its 30lb rotor first
increases and then decreases. It is observed that as very high speeds are
reached, the amplitude o f the vibration approaches 0.165 in. Determine
the distance between the mass center o f the rotor and its axis o f rotation
{Hint. Use the formula derived in Prob. 19.112.)
PROBLEM 19.114
A s the rotational speed o f a springsupported motor is slowly increased
from 200 to 300 rpm, the amplitude o f the vibration due to the unbalance
o f its rotor is observed to increase continuously from 0.125 to 0.4 in.
Determine the speed at which resonance w ill occur.
SOLUTION
From Problem 19.112
r ll2 L )(fH
\M)\ C0
X = 
m / \2
*(? )
(i)
(? )
And 0.040  (2 )
\2
^200' 300
0.7031 1  = 1
y COn
,
= 31001 rev/min
' ( * ) U J
SOLUTION
From Problem 19.113
0.057 kg
= 57 x 10"6 m
100 kg
CO f 800 y =
(a)
co, ~~ V 400 J
57 x 10~6 m ( 4 ) ,
=  _ _76 x io "6 m
1 4
x, = 0.076 mm A
co 200
(b ) L I I z n . I = o.25
400
xm = 0.019 mm A
co,
(c)
y<n
! =fT  1
U 00J
1289
( 5 7 x l 0 " 6 m ) ( l. l 2 8 9)
x . = = 499.18 x 10"6 m
11.1289
xm = 0.499 mm A
PROBLEM 19.117
A 360lb motor is bolted to a light horizontal beam. The unbalance o f its
rotor is equivalent to a 0.9oz weight located 7.5 in. from the axis o f
Q
~
..... ......
" "A
rotation, and the static deflection o f the beam due to the weight o f the
motor is 0.6 in. The amplitude o f the vibration due to the unbalance can
be decreased by adding a plate to the base o f the motor. I f the amplitude
o f vibration is to be less than 2.16 x 10 in. for motor speeds above
300 rpm, determine the required weight o f the plate.
SOLUTION
From Problem 19.112
(s )fe f
' f e f
(? )< /
Since Mco~ = k. =
 m
*' l T ft
360 lb
k  M col = (644 s2) = 7200 lb/ft
32.2 ft/s2
* # lb
m =  = 0.0017469 lb s2/ft
32.2 ft/s2
mr _ 0.0017469 lb s2/ft
r^ ft = 151.64 x 109 ft s2
k ~ 7200 lb/ft l 12
After plate is added
< 2=
" M
Since amplitude o f vibration is to be less than 2.16 x 10'3 in. for motor speeds above 300 rpm
,2
/ (151.64 x 10'9 fts2) ^ 3 0 0  ^ r )
2.16 x 103
.r.M ft
12
PROBLEM 19.117 CONTINUED
149.663 x l O " 6
Solve for <y': 0.18 x 10 3 = j _ 986.96
K )2
Mf= 538.89 = A
M' = = 13.361
538.89
Wrplate 70.2 lb A
PROBLEM 19.118
A counterrotating eccentric mass exciter consisting o f two rotating 100g
masses describing circles o f radius r at the same speed but in opposite
senses is placed on a machine element to induce a steadystate vibration
o f the element. The total mass o f the system is 300 kg, the constant o f
each spring is k = 600 kN/m, and the rotational speed o f the exciter is
1200 rpm. Knowing that the amplitude o f the total fluctuating force
exerted on the foundation is 160 N, determine the radius r.
SOLUTION
Imrcof
2 2k
Pm = 2mrcof , xm = or. =
" M
i
 m
2mrco
With 2kxm = 160 N =  7 W f = 40^ rad/s
I M f
2k
Solving for
(3 0 0 k g ) 4 0 .T s 11
160 N 1200000N/m
r =  = 0.1493 m
2(0.1 kg)(40/rs~ )
r  149.3 mm A
PROBLEM 19.119
A 360lb motor is supported by springs o f total constant 12.5 kips/ft. The
unbalance o f the rotor is equivalent to a 0.9oz weight located 7.5 in.
from the axis o f rotation. Determine the range o f speeds o f the motor for
which the amplitude o f the fluctuating force exerted on the foundation is
less than 5 lb.
SOLUTION
rmco
And (F t ) m = kxm, = o2
n, (F T ) m =
(Z L
7.5
Then rm ft
12
= 0.0010918 l b s 2
32.2 ft/s2
2 k 12500lb/ft 1 1 l o l _2
COZ =  =
360 lb = 1118.1s
M
32.2 ft/s2
CO,
(F r ) = f 0.0010918 lbs2 )
V f
1  1118.1
CO,
or (0.0010918 l b s 2)
w , 1118.1
\ ft)
( Fr)m = + (0.0010918) co,
1118
1 H 8 .1 (^ L
Then a
(F r ) +1.2207
2 1118.1(5) ,
(a) (F rl +5: col =  898.69 s~2,
3 5 + 1.2207
, V , 1 1 1 8 .l(5 ) ,
Qb) (F T ) = 5 : col = = 1479.2 s ,
v !m 3 5 + 1.2207
SOLUTION
x = sin<y,/
"n
y = 8msin cort
z = relative motion
z = x  y  t  K sinner
m = 8,m i
i  4
fZ50!2
(a )
zm ^ = y 150 J ^ 25
1.0417 <
24
13
I 150
Error = 4.17%
( b) s l = 1=
8.
\= l X fr = = (150) = 106.07 Hz
f 2 2
f = 106.1 Hz <
PROBLEM 19.121
A certain accelerometer consists essentially o f a box containing a mass
spring system with a known natural frequency o f 1760 Hz. The box is
rigidly attached to a surface which is moving according to the equation
y = Sm sin o)f t. I f the amplitude zm o f the motion o f the mass relative to
the box times a scale factor co2 is used as a measure o f the maximum
acceleration am = Sma>2 o f the vibrating surface, determine the percent
error when the frequency o f the vibration is 480 Hz.
SOLUTION
From Problem 19.120
zm = Sm
m 
or
.  4
Now am f SO
1 ^
= 0.07438
U J 1 1760 J
1
Then = 1.0803
1  0.07438
S O L U T IO N
i
m .
i  r
\a> f
Force transmitted, {PT )m = =
Thus
( P ) 1
Transmissibility = = 
 )
(2) From Equation (19.33')
.. _ K
Displacement transmitted
i? r
X 1
Transmissibility = = = M
s '  m
PROBLEM 19.122 CONTINUED
(P T ) x
For or  2 to be less than 1
P, 8m
< i
 m
i <
CO f j
> 2  2  > V2 Q.E.D 4
\<nj <*>n
PROBLEM 19.123
A 27kg disk is attached with an eccentricity e  150 //m to the
midpoint o f a vertical shaft AB which revolves at a constant angular
velocity (of . Knowing that the spring constant k for horizontal movement
o f the disk is 580 kN/m, determine (a) the angular velocity (o f at which
resonance will occur, ( b) the deflection r o f the shaft when
to, = 1200 rpm.
PROBLEM 19.123 CONTINUED
r = 0.416 mm 4
PROBLEM 19.124
A small trailer and its load have a total weight o f 500lb. The trailer is
supported by two springs, each o f constant 350 lb/ft, and is pulled over a
road, the surface o f which can be approximated by a sine curve with an
amplitude o f 2 in. and a wavelength o f 15 ft (that is, the distance between
successive crests is 15 ft and the vertical distance from crest to trough is
4 in.). Determine (a ) the speed at which resonance will occur, ( b) the
amplitude o f the vibration o f the trailer at a speed o f 30 mi/h.
S O L U T IO N
(a ) co, 500 lb
45.08 s
m
32.2 ft/s'
y = <*msin J> x = vt
A 2/r
t, r = and cof = ,
v r
2;rv _ 2/rv
so y = 0.16667 sin to A where =
~ r ~ i r
14
M 3 0 )(iH ) = 18.431s'1
(ft)
15
0.16667
r HI = = 0.0255 ft <
(18.431)
1
45.08
PROBLEM 19.125
Block A can move without friction in the slot as shown and is acted upon
by a vertical periodic force o f magnitude P = Pm sin (of t, where
P P , Mil (til /
(Of = 2 rad/s and Pm  5 lb. A spring o f constant k is attached to the
bottom o f block A and to a 44lb block B. Determine (a ) the value o f the
constant k which will prevent a steadystate vibration o f block A, ( b) the
corresponding amplitude o f the vibration o f block B.
^Krr
S O L U T IO N
In steady state vibration, block A does not move and therefore remains in
its original equilibrium position
(a ) Block A { I F = 0
kx =  P msin (Oft ( 1)
Block B + 1 I F = mBx,
mBx + kx = 0
h r i*
w ix  b X = xmsin<yr, (o\ = klmB
= 2r 1
m b
441b
k = 4 s '2 = 5.4658 lb/ft
32.2 ft/s2
= 0.915 ft <
PROBLEM 19.126
Show that in the case o f heavy damping ( c > cc ), a body never passes
through its position o f equilibrium O (a ) i f it is released with no initial
velocity from an arbitrary position or ( b) i f it is started from O with an
arbitrary initial velocity.
S O L U T IO N
(2)
v = ~cit = Cl^ eMt + C2^ e h
55
II
X
II
II
o*
<
o
$
0 = + C2X2
Cl = *0 c2 = n x0
/l2 /tj A2 Xj
>
>
to
O
,3
II
II
(3)
I
>
Recall that
Thus a positive solution for t > 0 for Equation (3) cannot exist since it would require that e raised to a
positive power be less than 1, which is impossible. Thus x is never 0.
t <
PROBLEM 19.126 CONTINUED
0 = q + c2 v0 = qA, + c2^
x = ^ [ V 2'  e*1' j
A?
F o r x = 0, t * a
ex = eht
For c > cc, Aj ^ A2 ; Thus no solution can exist for t, and x is never 0.
The x  t curve
for this motion
is as shown
PROBLEM 19.127
Show that in the case o f heavy damping ( c > cc ), a body released from
an arbitrary position with an arbitrary initial velocity cannot pass more
than once through its equilibrium position.
SOLUTION
Substitute the initial conditions, t  0, x = x0, v = v0 in Equations (1) and (2) o f Problem 19.127
*0 = C1 + c2 v0 cl \ + c2^2
( vo ~ ^ * o ) ( vo  V o )
Solving for q and c2, c,  
A2 \ ~ A
F o r x = 0, t * oo (v 0  M o ) ^ 2' = (v 0  V o K 1'
ei h  k ) _ ( V0 ~ ^2*0 )
(v 0  V o )
t =  In V ^zX
(^2 ~ \ ! v0 _ A x0
This defines one value o f t only for x = 0, which w ill exist i f the natural log is positive,
}U > p e =  ? v ,X o
PROBLEM 19.128
In the case o f light damping, the displacements X j, x 2 , x 3, shown in
Fig. 19.11 may be assumed equal to the maximum displacements. Show
that the ratio o f any two successive maximum displacements x n and
x n+i is constant and that the natural logarithm o f this ratio, called the
l o g a r i t h m i c d e c r e m e n t , is
h xn 2n ( c i c c)
SOLUTION
s in ( < y 0f + < /) = 1, x n = x 0e
(2ni)fn
. / /\ * 12m
s m ( 0t + i + # ) = 1, x n+1 = x Qe ' ;
But D t n + 1 " V r A  2n
2n
n+\
0}D
t
xne 2m c (* f \ + 7tS
^ 2m0)D
= e, 2m\ln n+ l ) =
e
ln+1
n + l x 0e 2m
, x cn
Thus In =  CD
Si+1 mcor
/ \
C
From Equations (19.45) and (19.41) a>D = 1 
\ r.e
C L c '
(O r = . l 
2m V VC,
PROBLEM 19.128 CONTINUED
PROBLEM 19.129
In practice, it is often difficult to determine the logarithmic decrement o f
a system with light damping defined in Prob. 19.128 by measuring two
successive maximum displacements. Show that the logarithmic
decrement can also be expressed as (l/ A :)ln (xn/xn+k) , where k is the
number o f cycles between readings o f the maximum displacement.
SOLUTION
As in Problem 19.128, for maximum displacements xn and xn+k at tn and tn+/t, sin(fi>0t + <f) = 1
r _ r p~{im)f _ r
xn ~ x0e xn +k ~ XdF
Ratio o f maximum displacements
S
^)tn e lm
(<n ~ n + k )
x n+k % ^ ( 2m )tn+k
f \
2kn
Thus = + . = (2)
xn+k 2m v <d j Xn+k ma)D
But from Problem 19.129 Equation (1)
log decrement  In = K
xn+\ coD
Comparing with Equation (2)
SOLUTION
Equation (19.46)
2 mmD
x = 0, or tan { p Dt + <f) = (1)
The time to the first zero velocity, tx, is
The time to the next zero velocity where the displacement is negative is
.i f 2mo)c
tan  d> + n
V c
*[ = (3)
co'D
t\ t= = ^ ^ Q.E.D
(oD In 2
coDt + <f> = n, 2n nn
Thus,
(Or (Or
! 2 Vvm^d /c
Iff j / ! U F/z
L O Dt . f 4 >
or
' 2<o,, '/
i
SOLUTION
From Problem 19.128 and 19.129
( \ 2n
0 X*.
 In
UJ [x + k )
(t)
Where k = number o f cycles = 10
Thus, n = 1
1.2 2.4
+1 0 0.5
Hi
In
Cr.
In2.4 = 0.08755
10
C \2 2r \
c c
1 f 1
U1
[ 0.08755
\ Cc j \ Cc ;
f \2
C ' In ^
+1 = 1
\ Cc J 0.08755
r ^2
c
= 0.0001941
\ Cc J (5150 + 1)
= 0.01393 A
 0.01393
c = (0.01393)(39.192) = 0.54594
c = 0.546 Ns/m A
PROBLEM 19.132
Successive maximum displacements o f a springmassdashpot system
similar to that shown in Fig. 19.10 are 1.25, 0.75, and 0.45 in. Knowing
that W = 36 lb and k = 175 lb/ft, determine (a ) the damping factor
c/cc, ( b) the value o f the coefficient o f viscous damping c. {Hint. See
Probs. 19.128 and 19.129.)
SOLUTION
f \
C
2n
ln  s = \ Cc J
(a ) From Problem 19.128,
M t f
2n\
In
1.25
0.5108 = (t)
(f)
0.75
+1
2k J
= 1
\ Cc J 0.5108 J
( \2
C 1_
= 0.006566
v Cc y 151.3 + 1
 0.0810 A
361b
= 2 /(175 lb/ft) = 25.022 lb s/ft
,32.2 ft/s2
c = (0.0810)(25.022) = 2.037
c = 2.04 lbs/ft A
PROBLEM 19.133
A 2lb block B is connected by a cord to a 5lb block A which is
suspended as shown from two springs, each o f constant k = 12.5 lb/ft, and
a dashpot o f damping coefficient c = 0.5 lb s/ft. Knowing that the system
is at rest when the cord connecting A and B is cut, determine the
minimum tension that w ill occur in each spring during the resulting
motion.
SOLUTION
From the given data
With
SOLUTION
From the given data
a n = J = yjl6l rad/s
Vm
7 lh
Initial stretch = = 0.28 ft
2(12.5 lb/ft)
So f 51b J A2 + 4 lb s/ftA + 25 = 0
\32.2 ft/s )
 4 y i6  ^
A =
10
32.2
A, = 10.6677, A, = 15.0923
+ 1 / = 0, x = 0.08 ft = c, + c2
solve for c c2
x = 0 = c,A, + c2A2
x = 0.35816 ft/s
S O L U T IO N
= cc = 1320 = 2m
Vm
ttO
_ ( * ) _ (im f _
Then = 7790 lb/ft <
1800 lb
m
32.2 ft/s2
Thus x (0 ) = 0, x (0 ) = x0
x (0 ) = x0 = (c, + 0 )e , so c, = x0
x = (x 0 + c2t)e ~ <0"'
For x = ^ ^ = (1 + with a) =
3 3 \m
[7790lb7ft ,,
W e obtain co = I. = 11.807 s 1
I 1800 1b
\ 32.2 ft/s2
t = = 0.19387
11.807
t = 0.1939 s A
PROBLEM 19.136
A uniform rod o f mass m is supported by a pin at A and a spring o f
constant k at B and is connected at D to a dashpot o f damping
coefficient c. Determine in terms o f m, k, and c, for small oscillations,
(a ) the differential equation o f motion, (b ) the critical damping
coefficient c.
PROBLEM 19.136 CONTINUED
And obtain the roots
2
3c (3 c ] __ f 
3k]
I
m + i {m j
2
The critical damping coefficient, cc, is the value o f c, for which the
radicand is zero.
150 iiiin
PROBLEM 19.137
[450 nun 
A 1,8kg uniform rod is supported by a pin at O and a spring at A and is
connected to a dashpot at B. Determine (a ) the differential equation o f
motion for small oscillations, (b) the angle that the rod w ill form with the
k 73 NViii r 2 .2 N * s / m I
horizontal 2.5 s after end B has been pushed 23 mm down and released.
_ i> L _
SOLUTION
t t.
On
sin# = 6, cos# = 1
(a) IA / 0 = ( I A / 0 ) c(T
F d = cS yB ~ c(0 .4 5)#
From (1)
C + ^ (^ L (0  1 5 ) (0 . 1 5 ) (1 7 . 6 5 8 ) = 0
(0.15)A:(<?S7.)^ = 2.6487
PROBLEM 19.137 CONTINUED
Since the roots are complex conjugates (light damping) the solution o f the differential equation is:
Equation (19.46)
3 4387
tan <b= = 1.45887
2.3571
^ = 0.96989 rad
_ 0.05111 _ 0 061965rad
And
0 sin^
0 (2 .5 ) = (24.2 x 10_6)rad<*
Above horizontal
PROBLEM 19.138
A 500kg machine element is supported by two springs, each o f constant
4.4 kN/m. A periodic force o f 135N amplitude is applied to the element
with a frequency o f 2.8 Hz. Knowing that the coefficient o f damping is
1.6 kNs/m, determine the amplitude o f the steadystate vibration o f the
element.
SOLUTION
Equation (19.52) x
= 8800 N/m
m = 500 kg
135 N
x,
135 N
V 2 1 .3 x l0 9 + 0 .7 9 2 x1 0 '
xm = 0.908 x 10 m
xm = 0.908 mm 4
PROBLEM 19.139
In Prob. 19.138, determine the required value o f the constant o f each spring
i f the amplitude o f the steadystate vibration is to be 1.3 mm.
SOLUTION
Equation (19.52)
k  mcoj'j + ( o y y )
{k  mco2
^ + (a / )
k  (ca>f f + m et)
135 N
[l60 0(5 .6;r)2] 2 + (500 k g)(5 .6 ;r)2
0.0013 m
= 254.714 kN/m
  127.357 kN/m
2
SOLUTION
Equation (19.53)
Magnification Factor m __
m
k
CO
f
Find value o f for which there is no maximum for ~ as mcreases
cc k a>>
\2
hIL
.ky _ *(? ) (  * ) +4t
= 0
2 +2
v Of
For r > there is no maximum for  v and the magnification factor w ill decrease as increases
5? 2
(M
1 )' m
SOLUTION
Equation (19.53')
Magnification factor = ~
00 f x
Find value o f ^ for which is a maximum
T
/ \2
y*
Em
j
>(?)
0 =
'(? )"
(?)1 +[2(t)(?)
/ a>, \2 f \2
c
2 + 2 + 4 = 0
\ Cc J
co.
For small mf
co
For
Is
2 C
(? )
PROBLEM 19.142
A 30lb motor is supported by four springs, each o f constant 3.75 kips/ft.
The unbalance o f the motor is equivalent to a weight o f 0.64 oz located
5 in. from the axis o f rotation. Knowing that the motor is constrained to
move vertically, determine the amplitude o f the steadystate vibration o f
the motor at a speed o f 1500 rpm, assuming (a ) that no damping is
present, ( b) that the damping factor c/cc is equal to 1.3.
PROBLEM 19.143
A 36lb motor is bolted to a light horizontal beam which has a static
deflection o f 0.075 in. due to the weight o f the motor. Knowing that the
unbalance o f the rotor is equivalent to a weight o f 0.64 oz located 6.25 in.
!A from the axis o f rotation, determine the amplitude o f the vibration o f the
motor at a speed o f 900 rpm, assuming (a) that no damping is present,
(b ) that the damping factor c/ct. is equal to 0.005.
PROBLEM 19.144
A 45kg motor is bolted to a light horizontal beam which has a static
deflection o f 6 mm due to the weight o f the motor. The unbalance o f the
motor is equivalent to a mass o f 110 g located 75 mm from the axis o f
rotation. Knowing that the amplitude o f the vibration o f the motor is
0.25 mm at a speed o f 300 rpm, determine (a ) the damping factor c/cc,
(b ) the coefficient o f damping c.
SOLUTION
From Equation (19.53')
Ik
r=7S k
(1)
M is * = 1635 r *
SST 0.06 m
n
(O f = (300) = 987 s 2
30
co< 987
= 0.60365
V J
1635
 = 0.11067 mm
k
0.11067 x l 0 3 m
0.25 x 10 3 m =
(1  0.60365)2 + 4(0.60365)^ )
/ \2
c
or 0.19597 = 0.15707 + 2.4147
KCc
Then = 0.1269 4
SOLUTION
16 lb
500 lb/ft
Pm = mrcoj = (0.5 ft) ^ s_ lj , a)] =
4001b
32.2 ft/s2
32.2 ft/s2
(O.2f iPm
r
So 0.03 ft/s2 =
i  \( ~
>n)I 2 + 2
M\~
cc ) )
( 4n2 X
>fPm
r e * _
0.0009 k 2
V___________ /
(s )!
So
= 0.477 <
Cr
PROBLEM 19.147
P * P, sin
A machine element is supported by springs and is connected to a dashpot
as shown. Show that i f a periodic force o f magnitude P = Pm sin ojjt is
applied to the element, the amplitude o f the fluctuating force transmitted
to the foundation is
1+
F m = Pm
SOLUTION
From Equation (19.48), the motion o f the machine is, x = x m s\n{o>ft 
yfsiny + B co s y = 4 a 2 + B 2 sin (y +
B
srn^ 
^A 2 + B2
co s^ =
4a2+ b 2
Fm = XmJ k 2 + ( C / ) (1)
Esl
From Equation (19.53) k
/ \2"
2 _ _
I  + 2 (  J f!/
\ ~m I / _
PROBLEM 19.147 CONTINUED
'+(7)
F. = (2)
fe) + 2(ri
2 k
=
m
( \
CCOf CCOj C fV
9
k m ol kCc ;
Substituting in (2)
1^1
1

(N
1+
rife )
1
2
^\2 +
/ [2(rife )T
PROBLEM 19.148
A 91kg machine element supported by four springs, each o f constant
P l m sin (Of t
175 N/m, is subjected to a periodic force o f frequency 0.8 Hz and
amplitude 89 N. Determine the amplitude o f the fluctuating force
transmitted to the foundation i f (a ) a dashpot with a coefficient o f
damping c = 365 N s/m is connected to the machine and to the ground,
(b ) the dashpot is removed.
SOLUTION
i
tOf = 2n f n = 2/r(0.8 H z) = 1.6^ s
365 N s/m
= 0.72309
cf 2meon 2(91 kg)(2.7735 s 1)
'c *
= 0.52286
\ Cc J
= 70.9689 N
Fm = 71.0 N <
89
( b) c = 0 ,F m = = 38.956
V5.2194
Fm = 39.0 N <
PROBLEM 19.149
For a steadystate vibration with damping under a harmonic force, show
that the mechanical energy dissipated per cycle by the dashpot is
E = Ttcx^cQf , where c is the coefficient o f damping, xm is the amplitude
o f the motion, and COj is the circular frequency o f the harmonic force.
SOLUTION
Energy is dissipated by the dashpot.
2K
The work done in a complete cycle with
co<
2s.
E = j^f Fddx (i.e Force x Distance)
^1  2cos{(Oft 
cos (corf  (p) =
2k .
2 2
_ CXma f 2 sin{cojt 
t 
CO{
2 2
cxmcof 2n
(sin (2 ^  (p)  sin^j)
2 (O f
E = ncx^aof Q.E.D. A
PROBLEM 19.150
The suspension o f an automobile can be approximated by the simplified
springdashpot system shown, (a ) Write the differential equation defining
the vertical displacement o f the mass m when the system moves at a
speed v over a road with a sinusoidal cross section o f amplitude Sm and
wavelength L. (b ) Derive an expression for the amplitude o f the vertical
displacement o f the mass m.
SOLUTION
(a )
dx d8\ d 2x
+ 1 XF = ma: W  k (<5S7. + x  8 )  c = m
dt dt dr
d x dx d8
m r + c + kx = k8 + c (1)
dt1 dt dt w
Motion o f wheel is a sine curve, 8 = 8msin (of t the interval o f time needed to travel a distance L at a
27t 2n 2nv
Thus (O. =
.. . dS 8 2n
And 8  o m sm (ot t = cos (O ft
B
smq) =
Ja2+B2
A
COS (p
\lA
2+B
2
W e can write the differential equation
a x dx
m 7r + c 1 kx = <5myjk2 + (ccO f) sin(ftjyt + y/)
dt2 dt
i c m f
y/ = tan
k
The solution to this equation is (analogous to Equations 19.47 and 19.48, with
Pm = J k 2 + (c a f f
_ ^ 2+K ) 2 ^
I ' 2 2
J (k  ma>2j + [ccO f^
c(0f *
tan^j = iY 4
k  mcOf
CC Of
tdxiy/   f  4
PROBLEM 19.151
P Mil M/ Tw o blocks A and B, each o f mass m, are supported as shown by three
springs o f the same constant k. Blocks A and B are connected by a
dashpot and block B is connected to the ground by two dashpots, each
dashpot having the same coefficient o f damping c. B lo c k s is subjected to
a force o f magnitude P = Pm sin o)f t. Write the differential equations
defining the displacements xA and xB o f the two blocks from their
equilibrium positions.
SOLUTION
i P iw S lN W jX
1 1 .,
* 1R
..C l L i
1 60
6 MX
< *6 t ir  e
Since the origins o f coordinates are chosen from the equilibrium position, we may omit the initial spring
compressions and the effect o f gravity
For load A
For load B
+ C( * A ~ * b ) + 2 k { x A ~ x b ) = <
jo
!o
SOLUTION
For a mechanical system oscillations take place i f c < cc (lightly damped)
c, = 2m.  2sfkm
Vm
Therefore
c R
m > L
k > (2)
C
Substituting in (1) the analogous electrical values in (2), we find that oscillations w ill take place if,
R < 2." 1
PROBLEM 19.153
Consider the circuit o f Prob. 19.152 when the capacitor C is removed. I f
switch S is closed at time t  0, determine (a ) the final value o f the
current in the circuit, ( b) the time t at which the current w ill have reached
( 1  1 / e ) times its final value. (The desired value o f t is known as the
time constant o f the circuit.)
SOLUTION
Electrical system Mechanical system
www
5 . 0
h o
o
ic = .o
W\
I
T *
1
The mechanical analogue o f closing a switch S is the sudden application o f a constant force o f magnitude P to
the mass.
(a ) Final value o f the current corresponds to the final velocity o f the mass, and since the capacitance is zero,
the spring constant is also zero
W\
T
F
+  I F = ma
d 2x
P~ C = m
dt dt2
(i)
Final velocity occurs when
d 2x
dt1
dx dx
P C = 0
It final
~dt fin a l
P
Vmal
c
From table 19.2: L ,P E, C R
Thus
R
PROBLEM 19.153 CONTINUED
d 2x dx
m T + C = P
dt2 dt
dx . it P d x At
Substitute = Ae + ;  = A X e
dt C dt
l
fA
Xe^
l+C
1
= P
+
L J CJ
mX + C = 0 X =
m
Thus +
dt
p
At t = 0 0 = A + A =  *
dt C C
_ dx _ p l _ e u;
dt c
L = * 1 e w
R
f
v ' R '
For L = ( I ) 1 9 t = 1
V e)
R
PROBLEM 19.154
Draw the electrical analogue o f the mechanical system shown. (Hint.
Draw the loops corresponding to the free bodies m and A .)
>
'**)c
J
TPr 1'*, *ilt /
SOLUTION
W e note that both the spring and the dashpot affect the motion o f point A.
Thus one loop in the electrical circuit should consist o f a capacitor
C  R.
The other loop consists o f sin cof t > Emsinrwy/), an inductor
a a a a ,
I, La
is  .
PROBLEM 19.155
Draw the electrical analogue o f the mechanical system shown. {Hint.
Draw the loops corresponding to the free bodies m and A .)
PROBLEM 19.156
4 Write the differential equations defining (a ) the displacements o f the
>k mass m and o f the point A, (b) the charges on the capacitors o f the
electrical analogue.
!A
j e
P, sinmi
PROBLEM 19.156 CONTINUED
Substituting into the results from part (a), the analogous electrical characteristics,
 <1a ) = ms in O f f <
a t' at
Note: These equations can also be obtained by summing the voltage drops around the loops in the circuit
o f Problem 19.155.
PROBLEM 19.157
1," Write the differential equations defining (a ) the displacements o f the
mass m and o f the point A, ( b) the charges on the capacitors o f the
electrical analogue.
&
PROBLEM 19.158
r*r ~ A 75mmradius hole is cut in a 200mmradius uniform disk which is
attached to a ffictionless pin at its geometric center A. Determine (a ) the
period o f small oscillations o f the disk, (b ) the length o f a simple
pendulum which has the same period.
r = 250 mm
SOLUTION
w\H o , i e
0.0'lS'irva
I M , = (ZA/0)efr
m = p t n r 2 = ( p t n ) ( 0.075)" = (0.005625)/rp/
1
1 = ^ m r 2 = ^ (0 .0 0 5 6 2 5 ^ r)(0 .0 7 5 )2 = 15.82 x 10' bnpt
, 5.518 x 103
(o = = 7.581
" 727.9 x lO 6
2n In
r = r = = 2 .2 8 s <
CO., 2/753
PROBLEM 19.158 CONTINUED
r = H
i g
In
(2.753)'
^9.81 m/s2)
2n
I = 1.294 m M
PROBLEM 19.159
An instrument package B is placed on table C as shown. The table is
made to move horizontally in simple harmonic motion with an amplitude
o f 3 in. Knowing that the coefficient o f static friction is 0.65, determine
the largest allowable frequency o f the motion i f the package is not to slide
on the table.
SOLUTION
Newton s Law
iw
_b _
F f = ma
N=W
Block B moves in simple harmonic motion with the same frequency as c
when there is no sliding
x  xmsin(<uf + </>)
Maximum acceleration
Ff = mxma)n
For no sliding
w
Ff > n ,W or n sW > xma>l
g
f = ^ jl= = 1.456 Hz 4
2n In
PROBLEM 19.160
A 16lb uniform disk o f radius 10 in. is welded to a vertical shaft with a
fixed end at B. The disk rotates through an angle o f 3 when a static
sm ( i 1 couple o f magnitude 3.5 lb ft is applied to it. I f the disk is acted upon by
a periodic torsional couple o f magnitude T = Tm sin co,t, where
Tm = 4.2 lbft, determine the range o f values o f co, for which the
amplitude o f the vibration is less than the angle o f rotation caused by a
static couple o f magnitude T.
SOLUTION
 A _ ftsT
14 i  4
,o
K
where co,2
, = = K is the torsional spring constant and / is the centroidal
3.5 lb/ft
K = = 66.845 lb ft/rad o f the disk
^( 180)
( 16 lb \, 2
7 = l mr2 = l m f V s i l f _ 1 0 _ Y = 0 . 17253 lbfts
2 2 U 2ftJ
2 K 66.845 .2
co~ = = = 387.43 s
" / 0.7253
_
0ST
0... = < O s.
ST
(Of
i < i + 4 
(o:
SOLUTION
From Problem 19.160
co] = 387.44 s2
T . 4.2 lb ft
= 0.062832 rad
k 66.845 lbft/rad
0.
Jy i 4
4 V UJ?
i
./ 0.062832
> 0.061087
/ 1 f
1 387.44
(O
0.62832 < 1 (0.061087)
387.44
co,
1.02853 <  1
387.44
11
k x
Ir
L ^ ...
SOLUTION
Velocity o f Block A just before impact
Conservation o f momentum
m AVA + m HVR = { m A +
0 k 1500
x  e [qsinftfy/ + CiCostU/y]
230
= 8.846 s_l
2m (2 )(1 3 )
i / \
/1500 230
(O n = = 6.094 rad/s
13 1(2)(13)J
(? = 0) x0 = +1.219 m/s
c2 = 0.02619
c, = 0.16202
 0.02619cos(6.094)(0.1253)1
SOLUTION
Velocity o f Block A just before impact
Conservation o f momentum
cc = 279.3 N s/m
x = cleA'1 + c2e*
Equation (19.40) a =  i ]  i
2m \ (2 m J m
A = 11.538 4.213
\ = 15.751 /L = 7.325
15.751/ 7.325/
x = c,e + c7e
PROBLEM 19.165 CONTINUED
c, = 0.1219, c2 = 0.09571
0 = 1.920e'l575/ 0 .7 0 k 7325'1
1 920 _ g( 7.325+1S.75)/m
0.701
2.739 = e8425'"
In 2.739 _
8.425 ~~ t,n
tm = 0.1196 s
SOLUTION
Po s it io n
Spring deflection,
x M = r6 9 = x0/r
xA = 2x0
Fs = k ( x A + Ss ) = k (2 x 0 + Ss r )
^ = (EA/)ejr
But in equilibrium. *o = 0
rmx(l + / + 4 rkxn = 0 I = m r2
r 2
mrx0 + 4rkx{) = 0
(8 k }
~ ~ \*o =
\3 m )
PROBLEM 19.166 CONTINUED
8 k_ (8 )(3 0 x 12 lb/ft) = .
(3 0 lb)
3m
(3) (3 2 .2 ft/s2 )
2n 2rc
0.1957 s
a> 32.1
r = 0.1957 s <
(b) xo = ( * o ) m s in ( r + # )
2
At t = 0 Xn ft Xn 0
0 12 0
Thus
2
( x0) = ft
V u Jm ^
SOLUTION
T \
0= O.JM
7
F
t 0.5W\
x
Position
(T
L=
um/2=h (8)(6)2 = 024 kgm2
7] = i[0 .1 3 8 5 ]^ 2
K, = 0
Position @
7*2 = 0
11'\ /$
V2 =  (l2 N / m )(0 . 2 5 m )2^ + (8 k g )(9 .8 1 m / s2) f ^  ^
2 ~ )
Tl + V l = T 2 + V2 e l = coldl
i(O . 1 3 8 5 )0 > 2 + 0 = 0 + 1 (3 .1 0 4 )^
(3.104 Nm) s. 2
(0.1385 k g m 2)
2n 2n
1.327 s A
mn ~ >/22.41
PROBLEM 19.168
A 1.8kg collar A is attached to a spring o f constant 800 N/m and can
slide without friction on a horizontal rod. I f the collar is moved 70 mm to
the left from its equilibrium position and released, determine the
maximum velocity and maximum acceleration o f the collar during the
resulting motion.
SOLUTION
, CD
I
Datum at
Position
T = 0 V, =  k x l
Position
T2 = mv2 V2 = 0 v2 = xm
1
T\ + P = T, + V, 0 + kx;,, = + 0
SOLUTION
Since the force in each spring is the same, the constant k' o f a single equivalent spring is
(a) t I1 1cs =
= 1.5
f In f fw;
(2.5)
v 15 ^J
&
k =
(2 4 30 ib
(2.5) = 40.868 lb/ft
(1.5 s) 32.2 ft/s2
(b ) x= + f)
o) = = = 4.189 rad/s
t 1.5 s
x =  x mco^cos(o)t + <t>)
1.170 ft/s2 ^