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Boeing 747 Calculator for simulation

Intend to use with PMDG 747-400.

PAGE Fuel, Fuel planning


Refer to PMDG document 02_CRUISE_AND_FUEL_PLANNING_747_400_V10.pdf for the condition
to use with the fuel planning.

Arrival fuel:
Alternate fuel can be added by distance. In this case the highest landing weight in table "541000 lbs to
630000 lbs" is used. Else if you require another way to count you can chose insert alternate fuel direct in
lbs.

Alternate fuel in nm must be 100 nm to 500 nm (according to PMDG table)

Contingency fuel can be added in minutes. In this case 18000 lbs/hour is estimated. Else if you require
another way to count you can chose insert contingency fuel direct in lbs.

Cruise fuel:
Wind component assume aircraft cruise true air-speed (TAS) of 500 kts, that is typical a minimum cruise
TAS. The specific aircraft TAS is not significant when count with wind. Else if you require other way to
count you can chose to insert zero-wind and include another wind-counting when inset "Trip length".

"Trip length in air" is the distance in the air-mass, the distance to base the required cruise fuel burn
counting.

Trip length in air must be 400 nm to 8400 nm (according to PMDG table)

Total fuel:
After adding taxi-fuel, the total required fuel for the trip is counted. You must enter the actual "Fuel
loaded" into the aircraft. If you enter lower than required fuel, Fuel loaded will be highlighted red.

"Clear form" does only clear fields that considered always must be re-entered for a new flight.
PAGE Takeoff, Climb Gradient
Note Airport-altitude must be entered.

This is intend to use together with the onboard FMC. All relevant data should first be entered and
executed in the FMC. Then use Page LEGS in the FMC to get data for the Climb Gradient.

You can enter any of the input "Fix distance", "Climb gradient %" or "Climb gradient ft/ nm" to calculate
the other two. E.g. enter Climb gradient in % will calculate Fix distance and Climb gradient ft/ nm.

Method 1. After insert a SID in the FMC, you can take a fix in the SID and find forecast fix-altitude.
Then sum all distances to that fix to get the total fix-distance. Insert the fix altitude and distance into 747
Calculator.

Example if Airport altitude is 673 ft, a fix GM387 at 14.8 nm is forecast as altitude 5300 ft by the FMC,
then 747 Calculator count the climb gradient to 5.15 % (= 313 ft/ nm).

Take note, climb gradient does change during departure and vary to different altitudes, You can use
following method 2 to get climb gradient to a specified altitude.

Method 2. In the FMC. Select a new FIX. Enter airport-code and then three different fixes. <runway
heading>/1.2 , <runway heading>/5 and then <runway heading>/<user selected distance> .

Example SID-Chart Oslo Gardemoen ENGM 673 ft, runway 010, departure SUTOK 5A. The SID require
a climb gradient 5% until passing 4000 ft. So you do want to know the climb gradient up to 4000 ft.

Insert Airport altitude 673, Fix altitude 4000 and Climb gradient 5%. Now you get the Fix distance as
11.0 nm.
Insert FMC page FIX:
L1: ENGM
L2: 015/1.2
L3: 015/5
L4: 015/11
Download line L2 to scratch-board and insert to LEGS first position (you do never need to perform
EXEC during all this process). Repeat for L3 and L4 as second and third position in LEGS. You should
get ENGM01 ENGM02 and ENGM03 at page LEGS.

Now you can read out the altitude at fix ENGM03 in the FMC. If the altitude is less than 4000 ft, than
you do not meet the required climb gradient 5%. In the picture example above it is 3739 ft.

Now you can select "ERASE" instead of EXEC in the FMC, to remove the temporary fixes at LEGS. (Or
you may modify the FIX and use it to modify your departure to meet alternative SID requirements)

Notice you must insert the fix at typical 1.2 nm and 5 nm (L2 and L3) in the PMDG FMC LEGS to make
the FMC to count correct, else the PMDG FMC seams fatal fail in counting.
PAGE Takeoff, Minimum runway length
Refer to attached Boeing document 7474sec3.pdf (source www.boeing.com) for the condition to use with
the counted runway length.

Note Airport-altitude must be entered.

Gross weight is taken from page "Fuel" (Takeoff Gross Weight), but can be direct inserted as well.

Temperature lower than standard day temperature is not calculated (i.e. 747 Calculator will count in
tolerance longer required runway rather than shorter for lower temperatures).

Notices:
Thrust derate simply re-count longer runway based on the lower acceleration. Flaps 10 use +10% runway
length and seams be in good tolerance for all gross weights according to PMDG FMC.

PAGE Landing, Minimum runway length


Refer to attached Boeing document 7474sec3.pdf (source www.boeing.com) for the condition to use with
the counted runway length.

Landing weight is taken from page "Fuel" (Planed landing weight), but can be direct inserted as well.

PAGE Misc, Wind components


Max crosswind takeoff and landing is 30 kts, for autoland it is 25 kts.

Troubleshooting
If any problem. First try close B747Calculator, rename file (may be included in possible fail-report)
B747Calculator.ini , then open B747Calculator again.

/ Lennart Vedin lvedin@passagen.se http://hem.passagen.se/lvedin/dk/freeware/fs