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CONCORDE FLYING MANUAL

TUTORIAL

CONCORDE
FLYING MANUAL
SIMULATOR TUTORIAL

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CONCORDE FLYING MANUAL
TUTORIAL
Contents

Concorde Flying Tutorial............................................................................................2


Introduction........................................................................................................4

Preparing for Departure .............................................................................................5


Planning The Flight Plan ................................................................................6
Planning The Flight Plan (Continued) ............................................................7
Planning - Weather ............................................................................................8
Planning Fuel Flight Plan..............................................................................10
Planning Take Off Performance ...................................................................11
On board Cockpit Preparation ......................................................................20
On board Cockpit Preparation ......................................................................21
Departure Before Start Checklist ..................................................................25
Departure Before Start Checklist (Continued)..............................................26
Departure Pushback Checklist ......................................................................35
Departure After Start Checklist ....................................................................36
Departure Taxi ..............................................................................................38
Departure Taxi Checklist ..............................................................................39

The Concorde Departure ..........................................................................................46


Departure Before Take-off Checklist............................................................46
Departure Flying the Take Off......................................................................48

The Concorde Climb..................................................................................................53


Climb Initial Climb Out ................................................................................53
Climb After Take-off Checklist ....................................................................54
Climb Accelerating to VMO.........................................................................55
Climb Climb Checklist, Mach 0.7 ................................................................56

Subsonic Cruise..........................................................................................................57
Subsonic Cruise Flying Towards the Acceleration Point .............................57

Supersonic Climb .......................................................................................................58


Subsonic Climb The Acceleration ................................................................58
Subsonic Climb Transonic Checklist............................................................59

Deceleration and Descent ..........................................................................................64


Deceleration and Descent - Planning...............................................................64
Deceleration and Descent Deceleration and Descent Checklist ...................66
The Deceleration and Descent. ........................................................................67
Deceleration and Descent Deceleration and Descent Checklist ...................68

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Contents

Approach and Landing .............................................................................................72


Nose and Visor.................................................................................................72
Angles of Attack ..............................................................................................72
Noise Abatement..............................................................................................72
Approach and Landing Approach Checklist.................................................73
Approach and Landing Procedures and Techniques.....................................75
Pitch Attitude ...................................................................................................75
ILS Reduced Noise Approach ......................................................................75
ILS All Weather............................................................................................76
Back Beam ILS ................................................................................................76
Approach and Landing Landing Checklist ...................................................77
Height Calls .....................................................................................................78
Power Reduction at 15 Feet .............................................................................78
Approach and Landing Procedures and Techniques.....................................79
Ground Effect...................................................................................................79
Autoland...........................................................................................................79
Selecting Reverse.............................................................................................79
After Landing and Taxi Vacating the runway & After Landing Checklist ..83

Parking........................................................................................................................86
Parking Stopover Checklist...........................................................................88
Parking - Flight Engineers Leaving Panel Checklist......................................88

Additional Procedures ...............................................................................................89


Additional Procedures The New York 31L Departure .................................89

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Concorde Flying Tutorial
Introduction

The purpose of this tutorial is to focus on how the aircraft is flown on a typical
commercial flight. Not all of the simulated systems are covered in detail in this
tutorial, so it is advised to refer to the Aircraft Operating Manual should you feel the
need to do so.

Checklists and duties have been devised for a flight deck crew of three who must
operate as an integrated team, monitoring and cross checking each others actions as
far as possible. In flight simulator, you are the team, you are the Captain, First Officer
and Flight Engineer, and each plays an equally important role in preparing the aircraft
for the next phase of flight. This Concorde Flight Simulator will enforce a steep
learning curve on those who are not familiar with such equipment or flying
procedures. Use the Checklists. A quote I rather like is one from a Concorde Flying
Instructor. Think to yourself,

I am not in an aeroplane I am in a Concorde

This tutorial will NOT cover all of the flying procedures, and does NOT contain
emergency procedures, as these are not simulated in the program. Instead of the 6
months ground school and 19 four hour simulator check rides that one must pass, this
tutorial has been written around a London New York commercial flight, so that
readers will find it a little more interesting!
The checklists will be animated and depicted in detail. A copy of the Normal
Checklist can be found in this folder.

Please also note that many of the systems are simulated, and may not work like those
on the real aircraft. Not every gauge, switch, knob and dial has been implemented into
this software.

As much effort as possible was utilised to design a SIMULATOR that required the
same procedures used in the real world to attain and sustain a realistic flying
simulation of Concorde. However, users will also be able to fly the aircraft without
following the correct procedures. This enforces the fact that this is a Desktop PC
Concorde Simulation, designed for entertainment purposes and MUST NOT be used
as a training aid.

There are limitations on how much realism can be implemented. Unfortunately, the
more realistic this simulation is designed, the lower performance the simulator has on
todays average computer and the more taxing it is to fly with only one desktop
pilot.

Please, remember this was designed for entertainment, the checklists and procedures
that follow will aid in flying the aircraft.

Andrew Wilson

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Panel Icons:

With the left mouse button, clicking around the panel icons will open/close the panel
icon selection window.

EO = Engineers Overhead
PO = Pilots Overhead
PT = Pilots Throttle Panel
PP = Pilots Pedestal
ES = Engineers Start Panel
EF = Engineers Fuel Panel

Each Panel window in addition to the main panel window has an invisible mouse area
situated in the top-right hand corner which, when pressed with the left-mouse button,
will close the panel window.

To access the Fuel Jettison panel, an invisible panel icon gauge is situated at the top
of the main fuel panel window. In addition, another toggle area is located on the
Jettison panel at the top of the window, Fuel Management used to close the panel
window.

The primary engine instruments also contain a toggle gauge that opens an enlarged
view of the instruments. Left click this area again to close the window.

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Preparing for Departure
Planning The Flight Plan

Its a little after 1700 here in London, the aircraft, one of 5 British Airways
Concordes we will be flying tonight is G-BOAF. The aircraft will be towed from the
British Airways maintenance area to the departure stand, 414 at London Heathrows
Terminal 4.
Before the crew go anywhere near the aircraft, extensive planning must be made at
the British Airways Compass Center on the other side of the airport.

This evenings flight will depart to the west of London, following the Lima 9 airway to
an intersection called MALBY, near RAF Lynham before turning left to fly overhead
Bristol and out into the Bristol Channel towards the Concorde Acceleration Point.
The route will then pass south of Ireland and follow a fixed North Atlantic Oceanic
Track, Sierra Mike travelling along the East Coast of Canada, Newfoundland, then
down the East Coast of the United States past Boston. When adjacent to New York,
the route turns inbound towards New York, where Air Traffic Control will vector the
aircraft for approach into Kennedy International.

The London New York communications flight plan is provided as a separate


document in this Concorde product, and it is recommended that a printed version be
used when using the tutorial.

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Planning The Flight Plan (Continued)

This chart depicts the lateral navigation path that we will follow after departing
runway 27L at London Heathrow.

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Planning - Weather

The most influential factor that must be taken into consideration is the weather.

A computer print out is presented to the crews, containing data on London, New York
and the alternate destinations that could be used in the event of a situation that
required the aircraft to divert in flight. This report (called a NUBRF) contains details
on the weather conditions at the departure, arrival and alternate airfields, as well as
any NOTAMs (Notice to Airmen) for each of the said airfields.
New York and London are studied in detail, looking at the current weather and what
is forecast for the next few hours. The departure airfields weather forecast is just as
important as the arrivals. Should the aircraft develop a technical fault after departure,
the crew must calculate if turning back to Heathrow is an option, and if so what
services may be defected at the airport that may affect the arrival? For example, if the
forecast for London is low cloud, rain, low visibility, might the crew have to perform
an autoland? Is all the necessary equipment at Heathrow in an operable condition to
perform a CATIII (autoland) approach? If not- where is?

This strategic thinking is applied to New York in the same way. If the weather at
Kennedy closes in, and a CATIII approach is not possible, where would be a suitable
alternate that would not cause the passengers too much discomfort? Newark is the
first main alternate, and Windsor Locks, Bradley International is a second. It is
common that New York Kennedy and Newark have similar weather conditions due to
their proximity to each other and the Atlantic Ocean. Therefore Windsor Locks would
suffice as an operable diversion.

The forecast weather at the principal en-route diversion airfields of Shannon, Santa
Maria, Gander, Halifax and Bangor, along with the calculated subsonic wind
components to these airfields, are also all taken into account at the flight planning
stage.

Now that the weather at the departure, destination and alternate airfields is known, the
weather en-route is studied. Although Concorde flies above many of the weather
systems, careful consideration must be made to ensure that, in the event of a technical
fault and the aircraft is required to descend to an altitude where such weather systems
are present, the aircraft is not put into a hazardous environment.

The main difference between Concorde and other subsonic aircraft in a similar
situation is that Concorde will suffer a much more substantial loss in range. From
four-engine supersonic flight to optimum three-engine cruise, there will be a loss in
range in the order of 30-35%.

This is mainly because Concorde must now leave a very efficient flight regime, at
M2.0 and 50,000-60,000ft, with relatively low drag, low winds and very cold outside
air temperatures, for a higher drag subsonic regime at M0.95, at around 30,000ft, with
warmer outside air temperatures and much stronger, probably adverse, winds.

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Planning Weather (continued)

For this tutorial, we will use the following conditions for departure:

Wind = 320 Degrees, 06 Knots


Temperature = 09oC
Dewpoint = 07oC
Pressure = 1007Mb
Runway Condition = Dry

Now that the weather has been studied and the flight is confirmed operable, the
attention is turned towards the Fuel Flight Plan.

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Planning Fuel Flight Plan

The Fuel Flight Plan is a pre-prepared printed sheet that depicts the amount of fuel
required for different phases of the flight, including the fuel required for the taxi to the
departure runway, holding fuel, reserve fuel, and fuel expected on landing.
Three corrections to this printout are made by the crew:

The wind direction and speed for the sectors of subsonic flight flown.
The wind direction and speed for supersonic sectors flown.
A correction to cater for the air temperature. Specifically the deviations from
the Standard Atmosphere (ISA).

Other minor corrections may include adjusting the taxi fuel, and reserve fuel
depending on what the present and forecast weather conditions are.

The Fuel Flight Plan will also give an indication to how close to the maximum takeoff
weight limit the aircraft is for the noise abatement procedure departing from
Heathrow.
This shows that the zero fuel weight (ZFW) of the aircraft is 89500Kg and that we
will require 91010Kg of fuel, bringing our takeoff weight to a total of 178500Kg
once 2000Kg of taxi fuel has been deducted.

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Planning Take Off Performance

Concorde is a very unique machine; much different from other conventional aircraft
in the way that it uses reheats (afterburners). This is a very elegant way of getting
some extra thrust out of an engine instead of the engine being overpowered and it is a
very easy way of producing extra thrust. To do this, neat fuel is squirted into the
exhaust pipe into each engine, which is then set on fire - basically turning a jet engine
into a rocket!
It provides an extra 20% of thrust however, the disadvantages of such a technique is
that is uses a great deal of fuel and creates a lot of noise. These two factors are
perhaps a disadvantage to Concorde, and were the cause of many debates regarding
where the aircraft was allowed to operate a commercial service.

Due to the noise levels when departing with reheats, Concorde has adopted strict and
complex noise abatement procedures in order to avoid built up populated areas and
noise monitoring stations. This restricts the aircraft climbing away from the departure
airfield at an optimum speed, and in many cases must first climb to a higher altitude
before the application of climb power. Therefore after departure, the reheats are
extinguished and the power is reduced, both at a calculated time and to a calculated
setting dependant on airfield, runway, aircraft weight and weather. At the same time,
the aircraft will follow a flight path that will avoid the populated areas.

The runway we will be using tonight is 27L. The Concorde noise abatement departure
procedure requires initially two things:-
Extinguish reheat and reduce to a calculated N2, depicted on the throttle
quadrant by a Throttle Lever Angle bug (TLA). Both the N2 and TLA are
calculated.
Bank the aircraft left onto a heading of 259oM, depicted on the Compton
(CPT3G) Standard Instrument Departure chart.

In addition to these calculations, the take off speeds and the angle to which the aircraft
is rotated must be calculated which are also dependant on weight and weather
conditions.
The take off speeds are depicted as V1, VR, V2, VN and V 2+ 40 and VZRC. These suffix
represent the following:

V1 The decision speed. A fault beyond this speed will be taken into the air.
VR The speed at which the pilot flying (PF) begins to rotate the aircraft.
V2 Minimum safe flying speed.
VN Noise abatement speed.
V 2+ 40 Climb speed with an engine failure.
VZRC 2 engine failure speed.

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Planning Take Off Performance (continued)

The angle that the aircraft is rotated to initially on departure is referred to as Theta-2
and is usually in the vicinity of 13 degrees up.
This will be calculated with the V-speeds.

One other calculation is used to determine if the aircraft is able to depart in the event
of a single reheat being lost below a speed of 100 knots. If the aircraft is calculated as
a Stopper, the Flight Engineer will call ENGINE FAILURE if one of the reheats
do not light and one of the green go lights is not illuminated at 100 knots. If the
aircraft is below the V1 speed the handling pilot will call STOP.
However, should a reheat failure occur when the aircraft is safely permitted to depart
on 3 reheats, and one go light fails to illuminate by 100 knots, the Flight Engineer will
remain silent and the procedure for a standard 4 engine departure is continued.

178.5T

189.3T

This chart shows that with the calculated Maximum Takeoff Weight and Performance
limited Takeoff Weight, the departure will be classed as a STOPPER. I.e. in the
event that a reheat fails to light below the V1 speed, the procedure will be to stop.

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Planning Take Off Performance (continued)

188.3: indicates the


Performance Limited Take 0.3: Used to correct PLTOW
Off Weight for a wind component.
(PLTOW)

166 = PLTOW V1 speed in Knots


196 = PLTOW VR speed in Knots

Note: These are not the V-speeds that


are used for our departure, further
calculations ensue.

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Planning Take Off Performance (continued)

To calculate the headwind component, the following equation is used:

Wind Component = Wind Speed x Cosine of the angle between wind direction and
runway heading.

Thus; Wind Component = 6 x Cos(320-273)


Thus; WC = 4.1Kts

The first correction that is made to this weight is for the headwind component. This is
calculated by multiplying the component by the number to the right-hand-side of the
weight; 0.3.

Addition to weight = 0.3 x 4.1 = 1.23, or 1230Kg.

The next correction required is for pressure altitude. The air pressure, as listed earlier
in this tutorial is 1007mb. The following table is used to calculate the correction:

Thus; Subtract 1.2, or 1200Kg from MTOW.

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Planning Take Off Performance (continued)

One other correction is for the CoG. The targeted CoG for this departure is 54%.
Other lightweight departures will target 53.5%.

Thus; the correction is an addition of 0.94, or 940Kg

The last correction is made for any allowable Dispatch Deviations, or MEL (Minimal
Equipment List as it is known today). This feature is not required for flight simulator.

We now have three corrections to the MTOW that will result in a PLTOW.

Wind Component: + 1230Kg


Pressure Altitude: - 1200Kg
CoG: + 940kg

Therefore the PLTOW = 188.3 + 1.230 1.200 + 0.94

PLTOW = 189,270Kg

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Planning Take Off Performance (continued)

Using the PLTOW, it is now required to calculate the difference between PLTOW
and TOW.

Difference = PLTOW TOW


Difference = 189270 178500
Difference = 10770Kg

This is then looked up on the following table:

The correction to V1 is; 166 7 = 159 Knots


The correction to VR is; 196 2 = 194 Knots
The correction to Theta-two is; 13 + 0.5 = 13.5 Degrees Up.

The correction for the V2 speed ensues:

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Planning Take Off Performance (continued)

This table is used to apply any corrections that are required for V2;

The PLTOW V2 speed is 196 + 21 = 217Kts. With a TOW of 178T, the table shows
that no amendments are required to V2, thus the V2 speed is;

Vr + 21 = 194 + 21 = 215 Knots.

Some final amendments are required to these V speeds with regards to pressure
altitude:

With a QNH of 1007mb, it is


required to subtract 1 knot
from each of the V speeds.

Thus; our final V speeds for


departure are as follows:

V1 = 158 Knots
Vr = 193 Knots
V2 = 214 Knots

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Planning Take Off Performance (continued)

The table above is used to obtain further calculations for departure. These include:
Throttle time = 79 seconds
Throttle Lever Angle = 18 Degrees
Minimum N2 = 94.4%

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Planning Take Off Performance (continued)

All of the calculations have now been completed:

TOW = 178,500Kg
MTOW = 188,300Kg
PLTOW = 189,270Kg
V1 speed = 158 Knots
VR speed = 193 Knots
V2 speed = 214 Knots
Theta-two = 13.5 Degrees
Throttle Time = 79 Seconds
Throttle Lever Angle = 18 Degrees
Minimum N2 = 94.4%

Now that the Flight Plan route, the fuel flight plan, the weather and relevant
NOTAMs, as well as departure calculations have been completed, its time to catch
the crew bus and board the aircraft for this evenings BA001 flight to New York.

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On board Cockpit Preparation

All items are now given a procedure, which are intended to prepare the aircraft for the
next phase of flight. These are listed in sequence to a standardized scan that enables
the crew to use the actual equipment, instruments, selectors and switches as a physical
checklist.

The Flight Engineers preflight external inspection ensures that the aircraft and/or
surroundings are not obviously unsafe for operations. During this time, the Captain
and First Officer begin the pre-flight checks.

This process will take around 40 minuets, during which time the Flight Engineer
would have completed his pre-flight external inspection and would have joined the
pilots on the flight deck to perform his scan checks.

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On board Cockpit Preparation

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On board Cockpit Preparation

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On board Cockpit Preparation

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On board Cockpit Preparation

The Inertial Navigation System (INS) is switched on, and the gyroscopes are set to
align. Please refer to the documentation provided with the CIVA INS program.

The latest weather must be checked, and is done so by tuning into the Automatic
Terminal Information Service (ATIS). From this, the winds, temperature, air pressure
and any cloud coverage is reported, as well as any airfield information that may be
useful to the crew.

This information is then used to fill in the Take Off form, and the calculations for
Vspeeds, pitch attitudes and other noise abetment procedure calculations are entered
into the appropriate boxes. This form is then placed on the centre pedestal panel,
between the Captain and First Officers INS and is used to bug various instruments on
the panel in front of them.

A quick call is made to Air Traffic Control, to confirm that the aircraft will be
departing on time. This is required when departing from London on an Oceanic flight,
as it ensures that enough time is provided for the relevant departments to set-up the
Flight Plan clearances.

Once that the crew have completed the scan checks, the relevant dials, knobs and
switches are all in the correct position and the instruments have been bugged and set
for departure, the crew can start to read from the checklist.

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Departure Before Start Checklist

The First Officer reads the following Before Start Checklist:-

MASTER CBs...SET/CHECKED

The Engineer will check that all Circuit Breakers are set and that there are no flags on
the engine primary and secondary instruments.

COCKPIT INSPECTION & SECURITY...COMPLETE

Confirm the cockpit inspection is completed by scan and flight deck has been security
checked.

OXYGENCHECKED 100%

Confirm oxygen masks checked.

DV WINDOWS..CLOSED

Confirm that the sliding windows are closed and secure.

FLIGHT CONTROL INVERTERS.ON

Confirm BLUE INVERTER and GREEN INVERTER sels are at ON. Pilot Overhead

ANTI-STALL SYSTEMS.ON

Confirm ANTI-STALL SYSTEM sws are ON. Pilot Overhead

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Departure Before Start Checklist (Continued)

RAD / INS sws..RAD

Confirm both RAD.INS sws to RAD


Observe on both HIS that RAD and MAG displayed. Main Panel

INSTRUMENT TRANSFER sws.SET

Confirm the Captains instrument transfer switches to the left. Main Panel

QNH / AA / ALTIMETERSSET / CROSS CHECKED

Confirm both servo altimeters set to QNH & mode sws at N.


Check bugs set to airfield elevation and three engine Acceleration Altitude.
Set Radio Altimeter bugs to 20. Main Panel

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Departure Before Start Checklist (Continued)

NAV RADIOS.SET

The ADF and VOR should be tuned and checked on the facilities.
Required QDM set on VOR LOC selectors and heading or track set on the HDG/TRK
selector if required. Main Panel

TRANSPONDER...XPDR

Checked and set.

BRAKES..PARK/CHECKED

Verify: -
Brakes lever at PARK. Pilot Pedestal
Left and Right brake pressure full scale. Main Panel
Brake accumulator pressure adequate Main Panel
Brake emergency light (yellow) on. Main Panel

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Departure Before Start Checklist (Continued)

NAV LIGHTS..AS REQUIRED

Select Navigation Lights ON or OFF as required. Engineers Overhead

THROTTLE MASTERS...MAIN / ALT

Confirm THROTTLE MASTER seks are at MAIN or ALTERN. Engineers


Overhead

GROUND HYD. CHECK OUT...YELL, YELL / OFF


FUEL HEATERS...AUTO
ENGINE RECIRC VALVES..SHUT
SECONDARY AIR DOORS.AUTO

Not implemented in Simulator

BATTERIESON / Normal

Confirm BATTERY MASTER is on.

INS 1, 2 & 3.LOADING CHECKED


NAV MODE / MIX

Set data selector to DSTRK/STS. Pilot Pedestal/Throttle


Verify alignment submode is 5 or less.
Set MSU rty sel to NAV
Observe mode status is 1 and mode index is 4 .
Verify AUTO/MAN switch at AUTO.

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Departure Before Start Checklist (Continued)

ASI BUGS, PITCH INDEX & 3/4


REHEAT PLACARD.SET

Set the ASI bugs and Pitch Index as required. Set the reheat placard to depict number
of reheats required for departure. Main Panel

FUEL FLOW & P7 BUGS.SET

Set the Fuel Flow Indicator bugs to the calculated agreed values. Main Panel/Engine
Large.

CLOCK AND TLA BUGS.SET

Set the noise abatement time into the clock. Main Panel/Engine Large.

To set the noise abatement time: -


Click (left mouse button) the top right switch selector to
down position to set time in Minutes using the right
mouse button. Select the switch up a notch and then
right click to set seconds. Once time is set, place the
selector to Run (switch vertical). Set 79 seconds, or 1
minute 19 seconds into the clock.

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Departure Before Start Checklist (Continued)

SEAT BELT SIGN.ON

The Seat Belt signs may be switched on when refuelling is complete.

BRIEFING...STATED
Aide-Memoir: MEL/DDM/A.P. Status, AIS / ATIS, Sig. Wx./ Anti-Icing, Take-
off Alternate, R/W, Surface conditions / Length, Terrain, Performance / Reheats
/ Rolling T/O, SSA / MSA, Transition Altitude, SID / Noise Abatement, AFCS /
Radio Aids, Emergencies...Review

---------------------------------------------------

LOADSHEET.CHECKED

The dotted line indicates that the crew can no longer proceed until the Loadsheet is
presented and signed by the Captain.

ZFW & ZFCGSET/CHECKED

The values from the Loadsheet are set into the ZFW and ZFCG display.

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Departure Before Start Checklist (Continued)

FUEL REM. & A/C WEIGHT..SET/CHECKED

Set the Fuel Remaining to 0 by clicking the dot below Kg. Engineers Fuel Panel

Click the Left Hand knob to add Fuel weight in Kg x 1000. In this case, 90,000Kg.
Click the Right Hand knob once, followed by the Left Hand knob to increase the Fuel
Remaining weight in Kg x 100. Click LH button once to set 91000Kg.
Click RH button once to set KG x 10 and again to set KG x 1. Now click the LH
button once to set our total fuel value 91010Kg.
Return the RH selector to N.

Confirm Aircraft Weight is correct.

LOAD LIMITSSET

Set tank 11 load limit controller to the FINAL TANK 11 CONTENTS from the Load
Sheet. Engineers Fuel Panel

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Departure Before Start Checklist (Continued)

START CLEARANCE...OBTAIN

Obtain Start Clearance from ATC.

DOOR LIGHTS..CHECKED

Observe all DOORS lts are OFF with the exception of MISC HATCHES. Engineers
Start Panel.

MASTER WARNING.RECALL

Press the RECALL push button. Observe the master warning lights indicate the
accepted systems status.
Press CANCEL to clear the display.

RECALL CANCEL

ANTI-COLLISION LIGHTS...ON

Set the Anti Collision lights sw to ON. Engineers Overhead

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Departure Before Start Checklist (Continued)

THROTTLES.IDLE

Confirm throttles at Idle.

ENGINE FEED PUMPS.ON

Set engine 1, 2, 3 and 4 main ENGINE FEED PUPMS sws to ON


Observe the pumps LOW PRESS lts OFF

FLIGHT DECK DOOR.LOCKED

Close and lock the flight deck door.

CLEARANCE TO START.OBTAIN

Obtain clearance from ground crew to start.

START ENGINEAS REQUIRED

Set DEBOW switches (4) to DEBOW. Engineers start panel.


Observe DEBOW switch lights (yellow) (4) on.

Normal starting order is 3, 4, 2, 1.


For push back departures starting order is 3 and 2 on the ramp, then 4 and 1 (cross
bleed), when away from the ramp.

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CONCORDE FLYING MANUAL
TUTORIAL
Departure Before Start Checklist (Continued)

Starting Engine 3:

Set START/RELIGHT sel to START.


Observe START/RELIGHT sel is latched at START. START VALVE MI reads
OPEN.
ENGINE DEBOW sw lt off, START PUMP lt (yellow) on, N2 rises.

When N2 is between 10-12% set HP VALVE sw to OPEN.


Observe RH IGN or LH IGN lt (green) on, engine shut down handles lts (red) on,
THROT lt off.

When N2 is at 25%.
Observe START/RELIGHT sel returns to OFF.

Observe the START VALVE MI reads SHUT, the RH IGN and LH IGN its off.

DEBOW START
If more than 10 minutes and less than five hours has elapsed since the engine
was last operated then it must be run in the debow condition for one minute.

Start Clock.
Observe N2 stabilises at approximately 30%
Wait until the ENGINE DEBOW sw lt (yellow) comes on or 1 minute has
elapsed since START/RELIGHT sel returned to OFF.

Set DEBOW sw to NORMAL

Observe N2 rises then returns to idle, ENGINE DEBOW sw lt off.

REPEAT ENGINE STARTING PROCEDURE FOR OTHER ENGINES

Set appropriate main ENGINE FEED PUMPS to ON.


Scan the engine instruments.
Observe that for all engine parameters the indicators are consistent over the four
engines.

Observe SECONDARY NOZZLE instruments indicate 18-24 deg.

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CONCORDE FLYING MANUAL
TUTORIAL
Departure Pushback Checklist

NOs 3 & 2 ENGINES.STARTED

Start engines 3 and 2 using the normal start procedure. Confirm start complete.

HYDRAULICSCHECKED

Observe hydraulic systems online. MWS lt out.

GROUND EQUIPMENT.CLEAR

Request ground engineers to confirm area clear for pushback.

PUSHBACK

------------------------------------------

Nos 4 & 1 ENGINES..STARTED

Start engines 4 and 1 using the normal start procedure. Confirm start complete.

PUSHBACK CHECKLIST..COMPLETE

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TUTORIAL
Departure After Start Checklist

NOSEWHEEL STEERING...CHECKED

Not Implemented.

FLT. CONTROL, AFCS & TRIMS...CHECKED

Set AUTO STAB No. 1 PITCH, ROLL and YAW sws to engage.
Set AUTO STAB No. 2 PITCH, ROLL and YAW ses to engage.
Observe sws remain engaged.

Set ARTIFICIAL FEEL No. 1 PITCH, ROLL and YAW sws to engage.
Set ARTIFICIAL FEEL No. 2 PITCH, ROLL and YAW sws to engage.
Observe sws remain engaged.

Select ELECTRIC TRIM 2 switch to engage. Pilots overhead

ENG ANTI-ICE / ENG SCHEDULEAS REQUIRED

If the ambient temperature is below +3oC and visibility less than 1000 metres switch
on engine anti-ice immediately after start. Retain these selections until after takeoff or
after any ice warnings has cancelled.

If icing conditions, as defined above, do not apply:


Verify Engine anti-ice switches at OFF. Engineers overhead.

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TUTORIAL
Departure After Start Checklist (continued)

BRAKE FANS.ON

Not implemented.

IDLE SWITCHES.LOW

Not implemented.

DOOR WARNINGS...TESTED / OFF

Observe all door lights are off.


Press and release the DOORS TEST pb.
Observe DOORS lts (red) on then off.

ENGINE FEED PUMPS.ALL ON

Set all ENGINE FEED PUMPS sws to ON.


Observe all ENGINE FEED PUMPS LOW PRESS lts off. Engineers Fuel panel

HYDRAULICSCHECKED

Observe hydraulic systems online. MWS lt out.

ELECTRICSCHKD: GRN BYPASS

Not implemented.

GROUND EQUIPMENT.CLEAR

AFTER START CHECKLISTCOMPLETE

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CONCORDE FLYING MANUAL
TUTORIAL
Departure Taxi

To taxi a Concorde is not considered a difficult task, it merely comprises of different


techniques than those used on other conventional airliners. The most significant
concept to remember is that you (the pilot) are seated 38ft in front of the nose wheel.
This must be taken into careful consideration when manoeuvring the aircraft on the
ground. The crew can often find themselves positioned over the grass edge of a
taxiway in a 90-degree turn, with the main wheels perfectly situated on the centre line.

Another principle technique that must be taken into consideration is the power plants.
With all four Olympus engines running, the tendency to gain speed in the aircraft can
be overwhelming if attention is not concentrated into keeping the aircraft under
control, especially at lightweights. This is achieved with a sufficient amount of
braking but again, a unique technique and thinking must be applied. The carbon
brakes will overheat if the pilot peruses the idea of braking often to keep the speed
slow. It is thought to be advantageous on Concorde to taxi into a position, and hold
whilst adequate room is made available on the planned taxi route before continuing to
the next holding point or instructed area. If the aircraft taxis with the brakes on
constantly, they will heat up considerably and time must then be spent at the end of
the departure runway to allow them to cool with the assistance of brake fans. This will
be discussed in further detail after landing.

Follow the preceding checklist and taxi the aircraft to London Heathrows runway
27L.

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Departure Taxi Checklist

VISOR / NOSE..DOWN / 5 DEG

Set VISOR/NOSE lever to VIS/0 and observe.


When visor is down and locked, place nose down to 5 degrees.
Use key F5/F7 to control the nose/visor.

BRAKES..CHECKED / NORM

This check is made when the aircraft is stationary.


Set the brake lever to NORM then to EMERG. Observe BRAKES EMERG lt (amber)
on and full scale indicated on duel BRAKES pressure gauge.

Set brakes control lever to NORM.

FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS..CHKD / NO FLAGS

Observe no failure flags on flight instruments.

FLIGHT CONTROLS / EFC.CHECKED / LIGHT OFF

Observe flight control channel MIs read B and no warning lights.

TRIMS.SET

Pitch trim set to required take-off setting.


Roll and yaw trims are set to neutral.

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TUTORIAL
Departure Taxi Checklist (continued)

C.G. MOVEMENT...AS REQD

When starting to taxi with a full fuel load the aircrafts C.G. will be beyond the flight
limit, and the M/CG warning light will be on. Fuel must be transferred forward to
achieve the correct CG position before beginning the takeoff roll.

The idea on Concorde was to takeoff with a CoG as close to the AFF LIMIT bug as
possible. On departures that carried a high fuel load, namely from London and
Barbados the procedure was to pump fuel out of tank 11 into the wing tanks in order
to bring the CoG forward to 54%. Thus; Concorde often had to wait at the holding
point while this procedure was completed.

However with lighter fuel loads a CoG of 53.5% was targeted. Due to the acceleration
and pitch attitudes that were flown on departure, the CoG moved further aft during the
takeoff as the fuel moved around in the tanks.

If take 11 contains more than the requirement:-


Note: This procedure deviates from the real world due to limitations in FS. The wing
tanks 7 and 5 are filled, instead of the collector

Set tanks 5, 7 and 9 INLET VALVE MAIN sels to AUTO. Verify tank 11
load limit control at take off value. When there is sufficient space in the wing
tanks to accept approximately half the excess fuel in tank 11, set the TRIM
TRANS AUTO MASTER sel to FORWARD.
Observe Tank 11 quantity decreasing.

When tank 11 quantity reaches the loadsheet value:


Observe CG indicator shows the required takeoff CG.
Set the TRIM TRANS AUTO MASTER to OFF and guarded.

If take 11 contains less than the requirement:-

Verify tank 11 load limit controller at takeoff value.


Set tanks 5 and 7 INLET VALVE MAIN to shut.
Set the TRIM TRANS AUTO MASTER sel to REARWARD.

Observe Tank 11 quantity increasing and Tank 9 quantity decreasing.

When tank 11 quantity reaches the takeoff value.


Set the TRIM TRANS AUTO MASTER sel to OFF and guarded.
Set tanks 5 and 7 INLET VALVES MAIN to AUTO.
Observe that the CG indicator shows the required takeoff CG.

Set tank 11 load limit controller to initial supersonic cruise value.

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CONCORDE FLYING MANUAL
TUTORIAL
Departure Taxi Checklist (continued)

ENGINE RATING MODE.TAKE-OFF

Confirm ENG RATING MODE sws (4) at TAKE OFF

AUTO IGNITION.ON

Set AUTO IGNITION sws (4) to ON.

Note: on switch selections such as AUTO IGNITION and ENG RATING MODE
the mechanical bars that separate the switches will place ALL of the switches into the
other selection when pressed with the left mouse button. All gauges on Engineers
Overhead.

THROTTLES..CHECKED

Set all Throttle Master sws the other selection.


Observe all THROT lts off and that all engines are stable.
Set all Throttle Master sws back to original selection.

DRAIN MAST HEATER.ON

Confirm DRAIN MAST HTRS sels (3) ON.

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CONCORDE FLYING MANUAL
TUTORIAL
Departure Taxi Checklist (continued)

ENGINE FLIGHT RATING..CLIMB

Confirm ENG FLIGHT RATING sws (4) at CLIMB

PRESS STATIC HEATERS.ON

ADS & STBY HEATERSTt INHIB / ON

Set ADS/PROBE HEATERS sels (2) to TT INHIB. STBY sw to ON.


Tt INHIB is selected when the aircraft is on the ground to avoid an overheat condition
that could cause a false total air temperature gauge readings or false TMO warnings.

AIR INTAKES.CHECKED / SET


ENGINE CONTROL SCHEDULE..CHECKED
ENG 4 T/O N1 LIMITER...88%
AIR CONDITIONING.CHECKED / SET

These systems are either not implemented or controlled automatically in the


simulator.

FUEL LP PROTECTION sw.ARMED

Confirm FUEL LP PROTECTION sw at ARMED. Situated on Jettison fuel panel.

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CONCORDE FLYING MANUAL
TUTORIAL
Departure Taxi Checklist (continued)

FUEL CONSUMED INDICATORS.CHECKED

Observe Fuel Remaining and A/C weight display decreasing.

ENGINE FEED PUMPS.ALL ON

Verify ENGINE FEED PUMPS sws (12) at on.

CROSSFEED VALVES.SHUT

Confirm CROSSFEED rty sel (4) are crossline. Engineers Fuel Panel

ANTI-SKID R LTS / TRYE LTS.OFF

When taxiing above 10 knots, observe all R lights remain off during gentle braking
and when rolling freely.
Confirm tyre lts and system lt off.

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Departure Taxi Checklist (continued)

REVERSE ASOVs.CHECKED/18-24o/NORM

Set throttles to mid travel


Observe N2s do not increase by more than 6%.
Set throttle levers to idle.
Select reverse idle on all four engines (tap F2 key once).
Buckets rotate between 27o and 37o then stop.
Reverses lights continue to flash.
N2 increases to reverse idle.

Cancel Reverse.
Buckets return to between 18 o and 24 o
Reverse lights extinguish
N2 at idle.

ENGINE O/HEAT..AS REQUIRED

Observe Engine O/heat lights off.


Engine Shut Down Handle lights off
MWS ENG reds off.

SEATS & HARNESS...LOCKED, PWR OFF


& SEC

Crew check seats are locked and powered off.

TRIM TANKS CONTENTS..CHECKED

Confirm the fuel distribution in the trim tanks is as required by the load sheet.

DE-AIR PUMPS.ON

Set tank 10 de-air pump sw to ON.


Observe de-air MI reads ON.
Set tanks 5A and 7A PUMPS (4) to ON.
Verify TRANS VALVES 5A-5 sw and 7A-7 sw at SHUT.
Observe 5A-5 and 7A-7 MIs crossline.
These TRANS VALVES must remain shut during take-off and climb while tanks
5A and 7A pumps are being used for de-aeration.
Set tank 6 and tank 8 right-hand PUMPS sws to ON. This initiates de-aeration or
tanks 6 and 8. No transfer will occur as tanks 5 and 7 fuel is transferred preferentially.
Set tank 11 DE AIR sw to ON.

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Departure Taxi Checklist (continued)

TAKE-OFF CG sw..AS REQD

Set the switch to NORMAL if the T/O CG is 53.5%.


Set the switch to 54% if the T/O CG is 54% and check Aft limit moves 0.5%
rearward.

There is an invisible switch area on the


CG gauge to set the CG AFT LIMIT
BUG to 54.3% for departure. Clicking
this area will move the bug to 54.3% and
cancel any MWS or CG warnings.

CG POSITION...CHECKED

Check that the CG position is correct for take-off.

MAIN TRANSFER PUMPS..AS REQD

Set tank 5 and tank 7 PUMPS sel and sw to ON.


If tanks 5 and 7 are empty, switch on pumps 6 and 8 if they contain fuel.

CABIN / SLIDESSECURE / ARMED

Obtain information from senior cabin crew member that the cabin is secure for
departure.

TAXI CHECKLIST.COMPLETE

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CONCORDE FLYING MANUAL
TUTORIAL
The Concorde Departure
Departure Before Take-off Checklist

BRIEFING, T/O DATA...UPDATED

Ensure crew are briefed on latest requirements for departure.

CABIN CREW CALL..3 PRESSES

LANDING LIGHTS.AS REQUIRED

For every take-off, set the TAXI-TURN lts sws to ON.

If the main landing lights are required:-

Set LIGHTS MAIN LANDING sws to EXTEND and ON.


Observe EXTENDED is on.

TRANSPONDER...SET

Confirm required ATC code displayed and Mode rotary selector set as required.

WHEEL LIGHTSOFF

Observe wheel light is off.

OVERLOAD MI.BLACK

Not implemented

MASTER WARNING...RECALL / INHIBIT

Press the RECALL push button.

Observe the master warning lights indicate the accepted system status.

Press the INHIBIT push button.

Observe the INHIBIT lights (2) (amber) on.

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Departure Before Take-off Checklist

T/O MONITORARMED

Press to arm the T/O MONITOR push button.

REHEAT...ON

Set REHEAT selectors (4) to RHT.


Observe REHEAT selected lights (4) (white) on.

PITCH INDEXCHECKED

Verify that the pitch indices are correct for take-off.

RADARAS REQUIRED

Not Implemented.

BRAKE FANSOFF

Not implemented.

BEFORE TAKE-OFF CHECKLIST..COMPLETE

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CONCORDE FLYING MANUAL
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Departure Flying the Take Off

Many might speculate that the Concorde departure is a challenging procedure.


However, contrary to popular belief the take-off is one of the easiest manoeuvres to
pilot. The slender Delta wing provides a number of characteristics that are welcome to
the commander on departure: -
The delta wing on Concorde will not generate any lift until the nose is raised. This
proves most advantageous when flying a crosswind departure where a conventional
airliner would tend to roll. Concorde does not.
The only inputs required regard rudder control. Initially a few nudges of left rudder
are required due to the operating procedures of the number 4 engine during the initial
takeoff roll.
The number 4 engine suffers from vibrations at low speeds on the low-pressure
compressor blades from air vortices created from the wings leading edge. These
vortices are moving in an anti-clockwise direction, which is opposite to the spinning
rotation of the number 4 engine. To compensate for this, the number 4 engine is
limited to 88%N1 at speeds below 60 knots. Once the aircraft is travelling at a speed
greater than 60 knots, the limitation on the number 4 engine is lifted and the engine is
allowed to accelerate to its normal rotational speed.

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Departure Flying the Take Off (continued)

Now that the aircraft is fully ready for departure, the final procedures are used to
commence the takeoff roll. The procedure is: -

Confirm with the crew that everything is set and that they are ready.
Release the brakes and the call 3 2 1 NOW! is spoken by the pilot flying.

- 3

Start the ELAPS timer on the clock.

Set the ELAPS timer to RUN by


clicking up on the ELAPS switch.

- 2 1 NOW

On NOW, the CHRONO START button is pressed, and the throttles


simultaneously slammed forward.

The application of takeoff power is commanded by an electronic signal from the


Throttle Control unit, through each THROTTLE MASTER selection, which is
triggered by the forward slamming of the throttles. Should the throttles be advanced in
a less forceful manner, the relevant systems may not respond with the correct
intentions. The throttle amplifiers then control the rate at which the engine accelerates
to take-off power.

Now that the aircraft has some power (all 38,000 lbs behind it!), attention must be
given to the engine parameters, direction and control inputs, specifically in the first
100kts with the characteristics of the number 4 engine, speed and pitch control.

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TUTORIAL
Departure Flying the Take Off (continued)

NOW
- Slam throttles forward (F4) and start CHRONO timer.
- Check clock is counting down
- Nudge left rudder to counteract No.4 engine.
- 60 kts ASI active
- Apply rudder to compensate for No.4 engine accelerating to Take-off speed.
- Engineer Calls 100kts check 4 green go lights
- Speed increasing
- V1 speed (166kts), place both hands on control column.
- VR (196kts) rotate to theta-2 taking 6 seconds to do so, watch ADI and aim
for the white pitch bug.
- V2 (211kts) airborne, hold theta-2, the aircraft will want to continue to
pitch up as more wind gets under the delta wing. The very smallest of pitch-
down movements is required to hold theta-2. In fact just thinking about this
usually enforces enough input.
- Above 20ft radio Decision Height lights extinguish positive climb. Select
gear up.
- 240 knots, pitch the aircraft up slowly to acquire 250kts, around 18degrees is
required.
- Watch for the flashing timer lights on the clock and at the same time, begin a
left turn to establish the LON (113.600) 259R.
- Timer counts down to 0. Turn reheats off (Shift+F4) and reduce throttles to
the TLA bug on the throttle quadrant.

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CONCORDE FLYING MANUAL
TUTORIAL
Departure Flying the Take Off (continued)

In these first few seconds of flight, some additional characteristics of Concorde have
revealed themselves, the static instability of the aircraft and its powerful flying
controls. You would have noticed that a lot of elevon power was required to start the
pitch up on rotation. However, a small correction was needed to prevent the aircraft
pitching over the required attitude. This thinking must be applied to all attitudes when
flying Concorde at low speeds. Once the pitch is stabilized at the required attitude,
only small inputs are required to keep it there. Deviating from this will make the
aircraft considerably harder to control.

On a 54%CG take-off, the aircraft may be out of trim once at theta-2, apparent by the
urge to pitch up. Just hold theta-2 and re-trim the aircraft (Number pad 7(dn) and
1(up)).

The most important aspect of the departure to concentrate on is pitch attitude. If you
get this right the aircraft will result in the correct speeds and altitudes.

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Departure Flying the Take Off (continued)

Departure Procedure Noise Abatement Climb

Departure Procedure No Noise Abatement

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CONCORDE FLYING MANUAL
TUTORIAL
The Concorde Climb
Climb Initial Climb Out

By now the aircraft should be settled at 250kts, climbing to 6000ft and established on
the 259R from the LONDON VOR. The CPT3G SID indicates that at 7 nautical miles
from LONDON, the aircraft should follow a right turn towards the WOODLEY NDB
on the QDM272. Also at this turning point, 2% N2 can be applied to the engines and
the After Takeoff Checklist ensues.

AFTER TAKE-OFF CHECKLIST

LANDING GEAR.UP:LIGHTS OFF


NEUTRAL

Observe WHEEL O/HEAT lt off.


Set L/GEAR lever to UP
Observe landing gear position indications lights go off at the end of retraction
sequence.

The landing gear lever must be set to neutral before the visor is raised.

LANDING LIGHTS..OFF / RETRACT

Confirm Landing lights off and retracted.


- Extended light off.
- Landing taxi lights off and retracted.
- Extended light off.

MASTER WARNING.RECALL

Press the RECALL push button. Observe the INHIBIT lights (2) off and the master
warning lights indicate the accepted system status.

ADS & STBY HEATERS...ON

Set ADS 1 and ADS 2 sels (2) ON.

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Climb After Take-off Checklist

ENGINE RATING MODE..FLIGHT

Verify ENG RATING MODE sws (4) to FLIGHT


Observe CLB light (white) on, T/O light off, CRS light off.

PRESSURISATION..CHECKED

Not Implemented.

SECONDARY AIR DOORS.OPEN:LIGHTS OFF

Not Implemented.

NOSE / VISOR.UP / LOCKED

Verify Landing Gear lever is at NEUTRAL.


Set Visor/Nose lever to UP.

AFTER TAKE-OFF CHECKLIST..COMPLETE

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Climb Accelerating to VMO

On passing 4000 feet, another addition of 2% N2 is added, again at 5000 feet and this
procedure is carried out until 8000 feet when the throttles are returned to the forward
stops. ATC will issue further climb clearances and with any luck and, also cancel the
speed restriction allowing the aircraft to accelerate to VMO which is the optimum
speed to climb at.

The nose and visor should be raised when accelerating through 250kts. We now
reverse the technique that was used to hold a required attitude. Here we held an
attitude, and the speed and height followed. Now we want to acquire a speed (VMO),
you have to chase the speed. Initially hold 8 degrees attitude and pitch up to acquire
VMO, around 8-11 degrees attitude.

Flight Director may be engaged, Autothrottle and Autopilot. Note when the autopilot
is first engaged, it will engage in PITCH HOLD and HDG HOLD.

Once at VMO, the preferred method of climb is to engage either Autopilot or Flight
Director into ALT ACQ. This will prime the autopilot with the altitude set in the
Altitude Select window. Once the prime light is illuminated, the Autopilot can be
engaged into IAS HOLD and, coupled with ALT ACQ, will hold the existing
airspeed, in this case VMO, in the climb to the selected altitude. On engagement of
IAS HOLD, both Autothrottles can be engaged into a standby mode so that when the
Autopilot acquires the selected altitude, the automatic application of Autothrottle IAS
HOLD will be commanded by the Autopilot.

Many pilots like to hand fly the aircraft and only engage the automatic flight controls
just before acquiring the subsonic cruise level.
If you wish to couple the INS to the Autopilot, engage the INS to drive the heading
control (refer to INS user guide), place the RAD/INS switch to INS and press the INS
button on the Autopilot. The INS will now drive the aircraft on the selected track.

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Climb Climb Checklist, Mach 0.7

ALTIMETERS.SET

Set subscale to required setting.

FUEL TRANSFER.AFT

Set Trim Trans Auto Master to REARWARD

Observe tank 11 inlet Valves MIs show inline


Set tank 11 de-air switch OFF.
Observe tank 11 quantity increasing and tank 9 quantity decreasing. CG moving aft.

When the CG is at 55%: -


Se the Trim Trans Auto Master sel to OFF and guarded.
Observe tank 11 Inlet Valves crossline
Tanks 9 & 10 pumps low pressure lights off

TAKE-OFF CG swNORMAL
BRAKE FANSOFF
ENGINE CONTROL SCHEDULE.NORMAL

Not Implemented.

SEAT BELT SIGNS...AS REQUIRED

Set the seat belt sign to OFF when no longer required.

TAXI TURN LTSOFF

When clear of the terminal area, set the TAXI TURN lights to OFF.

NOZZLE OVERRIDE LIGHTS....OFF


SECONDARY AIR DOOR swsOPEN
SECONDARY NOZZLES..MODULATING

CLIMB CHECKLISTCOMPLETE

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CONCORDE FLYING MANUAL
TUTORIAL
Subsonic Cruise
Subsonic Cruise Flying Towards the Acceleration Point

Before Concorde, breaking the sound barrier was reserved for the brave few in
military fighters. Now, it has become much more routine, but it still holds a great
fascination and sense of achievement.
The phrase Sound Barrier is really quite meaningless because there isnt literally a
barrier. As an aircraft (or any body), it disturbs the air around it that forms into little
molecules of pressure, which in turn expand at the speed of sound. The closer an
aircraft flies to the speed of sound, the less time there is for the molecules to literally
get out of the way in any direction. There is no problem at subsonic speeds, but as
the speed of sound is approached these pressure waves form into a build-up in front of
the aircraft to produce an invisible cone. At the speed of sound (Mach 1.0) the cone
changes into a flat shockwave, which can be regarded as the invisible wall, hence
the term Sound Barrier. Beyond the speed of sound, the shock waves revert to a
conical shape. A similar wave from the tail behaves in much the same way as the air
expands back to its normal pressure. This shockwave can be seen on the primary
pressure instruments, namely the VSI and Altimeter when penetrating Mach 1.

It is the passage of an aircraft through the speed of sound that results in the sonic
boom that can be heard on the ground all the time that aircraft is supersonic. Some
people believe that the boom only occurs as the aircraft breaks through the sound
barrier. If you could run along side the aircraft as it flies, you would hear the boom all
of the time.

For this reason, supersonic cruise is restricted to Oceanic regions and very
unpopulated areas. This restricts the aircraft to beginning the acceleration procedures
until it is west of Cardiff in the Bristol Channel, thus requiring a subsonic leg to be
flown.

The engines are designed to fly Concorde through various drag regimes, hence the use
of reheat. The subsonic cruise is not strenuous on the engines at all, they are merely
ticking over. The aircraft is flown at an altitude that provides the highest True
Airspeed, with the minimal fuel flow possible. This is somewhere in the region of
320-400KIAS and between 26,000ft and 37,000ft. On our subsonic leg to the
Acceleration Point (UPGAS), this altitude is 26,000ft and at 400kts, which coincides
with Mach 0.95.

The Autothrottle should now be engaged in MACH HOLD, and the Autopilot
engaged in ALT HOLD and INS.

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TUTORIAL
Supersonic Climb
Subsonic Climb The Acceleration

On passing UPGAS, Concorde is cleared to climb and accelerate to FL600.


At this point, there are two techniques used for climb:

1. The preferred method is to disengage the Autothrottle and place the throttles at
the forward stops.
Engage the reheats; inboards then the outboards and select Pitch Hold on the
autopilot. This selection is maintained through M1. You cannot change AP
modes while accelerating through Mach 1! As the aircraft accelerates, use the
pitch datum lever to increase the pitch attitude to maintain VMO. At 32,000ft
the barber pole will begin to move. Engage Max Climb.

2. Disengage Autothrottle and place the throttles at the forward stops. Engage
'Max Climb' mode, as well as the four reheats using the same procedure
described above. This will put the aircraft into a climb holding VMO. This
mode is used throughout the rest of the acceleration, coupled with 'Max
Cruise' when the aircraft acquires Mach 2.

On the flight deck, the pressure wave has a visible effect on the primary instruments
as they fluctuate; this is due to the wave passing along the aircraft and over the static
vents.
The reheats are required to power the aircraft through the main drag regime between
Mach 0.97 and Mach 1.3 and are left lit until Mach 1.7.

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CONCORDE FLYING MANUAL
TUTORIAL
Subsonic Climb Transonic Checklist

AUXILARY INLETSSHUT

Not implemented.

SECONDARY NOZZLES<15 DEG

Observe the SECONDARY NOZZLES indicate less than 15 deg. Supersonic flight is
permitted with bucket angles of up to 27o.

REHEAT..ON

Advance throttle levers fully.


Select Reheats in symmetric pairs selected lights on.
Observe fuel flow increase, FT flags appear and area increase
Start clock for reheat timing.

FUEL TRANSFER..TRANSFER AFT

Set TRIM TRANS AUTO MASTER to REARWARD.


Observe tank 11 inlet valves show inline
- tank 11 quantity increasing
- tank 9 quantity decreasing
- CG moves rearward

If CG position approaches 0.25% of the aft bug: -

Set the TRIM TRANS AUTO MASTER to OFF until the CG position is midway
between the forward and aft bugs, then set the TRIM TRANS AUTO MASTER to
REARWARD.

Repeat as necessary.

When tank 11 quantity equals the load limit initial cruise quantity.
Observe tank 11 inlet valves MIs crossline and contents remain at initial cruise
quantity.
- Tank 5 & 7 inlet Valves MIs inline and quantities increasing.

In the event of tank 5 and/or tank 7 reaching high level, the respective Inlet Valves
will shut until the level falls.

Continued

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CONCORDE FLYING MANUAL
TUTORIAL
Subsonic Climb Transonic Checklist

FUEL TRANSFER..TRANSFER AFT


Continued

When tank 9 quantity is approximately zero.


Observe tank 9 pumps low pressure lights on.

When tank 9 low pressure lights have been on steady for more than 20 seconds, set
tank 9 pump switches OFF.

When CG position equals 59% or tank 10 is empty, set TRIM TRANS AUTO
MASTER to OFF and guarded
Observe tanks 5 & 7 Inlet Valves MIs crossline.

Set the tank 9 and 10 load limit control to 8000kg.


Set the tank 11 load limit control to the load sheet (landing ballast fuel tank 11 or
zero).

At M = 1.0

PRESS STATIC HEATERS.OFF

Set PRESS STATIC HEATERS sws OFF.

ENGINE ANTI-ICEOFF

Set the engine anti-ice switches to OFF.


Observe IGV PRESS lights off.

WING & INTAKE ANTI-ICING.OFF

Set the wing and intake anti-ice rty to OFF.

TRANSPARENCY DE-ICE, DEMIST.OFF

Verify DV DE-MIST sws OFF, VISOR DE-ICE sws OFF, W/SHIELD DE-ICE sells
OFF.

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CONCORDE FLYING MANUAL
TUTORIAL
Subsonic Climb Transonic Checklist

At M = 1.1

SECONDARY NOZZLES.0.5 DEG

Observe SECONDARY NOZZLES indicate 0-5deg.

At M = 1.3

INTAKES.CHECKED

Observe ramp position moves to approx 10% to 20%.

At M = 1.7

REHEAT.OFF

At M1.7 or when 15 min has elapsed since reheat light up initiated.


Set reheats OFF in symmetrical pairs.
Observe engine fuel flow drops by approximately 35% and fuel flow instruments flag
reads FE, reheat selected lights off.

AFCS...SET

Confirm that the same system AP, AT and FD are selected i.e. No. 1 AP, No. 1 AT,
No.1 FD or No. 2 AP, No. 2 AT, No.2 FD

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CONCORDE FLYING MANUAL
TUTORIAL
Subsonic Climb Transonic Checklist

When Fuel Transfer Is Complete

FUEL TANK PRESSURE.CHECKED


Not Implemented.

DE-AIR PUMPS.OFF

Set tank 10 de-air pumps and tanks 6 and 8 right hand pumps to OFF.

TANK 9 + 10 LLCSET 8,000 KG

Set this value to allow override sw to transfer fuel forward from tank 11 without a
reverse transfer occurring when override switch placed back to normal.

TANKS 5A, 7A.TRANSFER

Set TRANS VALV 5A-5 & 7A-7 switches to OPEN.


Observe TRANS VALVE 5A-5 & 7A-7 MIs show inline.

This transfer should be made as early as possible after the completion of the trim
transfer to prevent excessive kinetic heating of the fuel in tank 5A and tank 7A.
In the event that tanks 5 and 7 will reach high levels, the respective inlet valves will
close until the levels have fallen.

When tank 5A and tank 7A PUMPS LOW PRESSURE lights (yellow) come on set
PUMPS to OFF.

Set TRANS VALVE 5A-5 and TRANS VALVE 7A-7 switch to SHUT and observe
MIs show crossline.

TANK 1 & 4 sw.AFT TRIM (AS REQ)

When fuel transfer from tank 5A into tank 5 and tank 7A into tank 7 has commenced,
place the AFT TRIM switch to AFT.
Observe tanks 1 and 4 reduce in quantity to counteract the loss of fuel from the A
tanks to maintain CG position.

At FL500

ENGINE FLIGHT RATINGCRUISE

Set ENGINE FLIGHT RATING switches (4) to Cruise. Observe CRS light (white)
on.
TRANSONIC CHECKLISTCOMPLETE

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CONCORDE FLYING MANUAL
TUTORIAL
Subsonic Climb Cruise Climb

Providing the autopilot is engaged in MAX CLIMB mode the autopilot will, at the
corner point between 530 kts and M = 2.00 or TMO, automatically engage in MAX
CRUISE. This engagement will be observed at or before 50,200 feet. At the same
time the Autothrottle will engage in MACH HOLD. The autopilot/Autothrottle
combination is programmed to increase Mach number to 2.02 and return to 2.00. The
Autothrottle MACH HOLD light will not go off until the throttles are again fully open
and the Mach number has reduced to 2.01 or 100 seconds have elapsed.
When the limiting cruise climb condition is TMO, the climb phase immediately
following the corner point will be achieved at a speed for which TMO may be
exceeded by a few degrees.

Throughout the cruise climb if an overspeed starts to develop, the primed Autothrottle
will become active and the MACH HOLD light will come on.

Cruise Climb is the most efficient way for the aircraft to fly at these altitudes. Using a
fixed power setting, the fuel is burnt off, which decreases the weight of the aircraft,
which allows it to climb higher. A bit like the same way any other commercial jet
liner would, they 'step climb'. Like the Concorde, as they burn off fuel, they will 'step
up' to the next flight level. Concorde doesn't need to perform these steps, as it is the
only aircraft operating on the airway in only one direction. E.g. All the Westbound
flights will fly on the SM Track, and all the eastbound flights will fly the SN. In
Concorde, this 'Step Climb' is referred to as 'Cruise Climb', which was used by other
aircraft in the early days before subsonic airspace became more populated.

The temperature on the nose from take-off to landing varies greatly. When the aircraft
is flying subsonic, the skin temperature will reflect that actual outside air temperature,
around 50oC. As the airspeed increases, the rush of air across the aircraft causes
kinetic heating and, at Mach 2, this can increase the total temperature of the aircraft to
127oC (TMO). The maximum allowable temperature for the aluminium alloys isnt
too far off this temperature, which is why the TMO restraint must be enforced. This
kinetic heating also expands the aircrafts length by about 8-10 inches, which then
contracts in descent and deceleration.

When the wing tanks 6 and 8 contain 2500Kg, return AFT TRIM switch to NORM.

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Deceleration and Descent
Deceleration and Descent - Planning

At 60oWest longitude the crew must begin preparing for deceleration and descent.
The sonic boom carpet prevents the aircraft from flying within a 35-mile proximity to
land, and so must be slowed to subsonic speeds.
Two booms are created, one of which is the primary boom, which comprises of two
shock waves directly from the aircraft down to the ground. One can picture these
waves as similar to those from the bow of a boat. This boom is very loud and is not
permitted over land, with only a few exceptions made for extremely sparse populated
areas.
The second, initially created from the primary boom, is reflected in the atmosphere
and may be projected in strong winds. This is heard as a less distinct double-boom
and passes by as a distant thunder like rumble, usually unnoticed.

The deceleration point is calculated using a table found in the 'normal checklist'.

The aircraft will level off at its current altitude and this is then looked up on the table;
lets say FL580 (roughly what you'll end up at on a LHR-NY route). Lookup the
distance required to decelerate to Mach 1 under the current altitude and wind-speed /
direction. E.g. 50Kts headwind and an ISA of 3oC. So at FL580, with a 50Kts
headwind, it will take 139Nm to decelerate to Mach 1 and with a constant descent
rate, be level at 14,000ft by OWENZ. The requirement on the SM2/SM2A track is to
be Mach 1 before LINND, with other boom restrictions concerning the distance from
Nantucket (ACK).

The deceleration procedures into London are a little more complicated: -

It is required that when flying into London that the engines are warmed after
decelerating. Using a similar table to what is used on the NY and Barbados routes, the
distance to descend and decelerate to FL410 is calculated. The restriction on the SL3
route is to be Mach-1, 110nm before MATIM, Combe Martin in North Devon. In the
summer season, this is reduced to 55Nm before MATIM.
Again, for an example lets say that at the end of the cruise the aircraft is at FL580
with a 40Kts tailwind. It will take 112nm to descend to FL410 - and so the Decel
Point is 222Nm from MATIM.

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CONCORDE FLYING MANUAL
TUTORIAL
Deceleration and Descent - Planning

DISTANCE COVERED NM
MEAN
To calculate the distance required
FLIGHT TAS FUEL TIME 50 KT ZERO 50 KT
LEVEL (KT) (KG) (MIN) HEAD WIND TAIL to descend and decelerate to be
600 618 2690 19 174 189 204
level at 14,000 feet by OWENZ: -

580 609 2630 19 172 186 201


Lookup the distance for FL580
560 603 2570 18 169 184 198
172Nm.
540 597 2550 18 166 180 194
520 590 2530 18 161 174 188
Lookup the distance to descend
500 579 2510 17 155 167 181
from 14,000ft 25Nm.

480 564 2430 17 143 155 168


Subtract 25 from 172 = 147Nm
460 470 1850 13 91 101 110
450 467 1820 13 89 98 107
Subtract the difference between
430 456 1770 12 83 92 101
ISA and +5 (if ISA < +5).
410 445 1720 12 78 86 95
ISA = -3
390 438 1670 11 73 81 89
Difference = 8oC
370 430 1620 11 69 76 84
350 418 1580 10 65 71 79
Subtract 8 from 147Nm: -
330 410 1550 10 61 67 75
310 406 1520 9 57 63 69
Distance of Deceleration point
from OWENZ = 139Nm
290 400 1490 9 52 58 64
270 395 1460 8 48 54 59
The Decel Point is 21Nm to
250 382 1430 8 44 49 54
KENDA
230 375 1400 7 40 45 50
210 367 1370 7 37 41 45

190 364 1340 6 33 37 41


170 354 1300 6 30 33 37
150 341 1270 5 27 29 32
130 326 1240 5 23 25 28
110 322 1210 4 20 22 24
100 316 1190 4 19 20 22

90 377 120 2 11 12 14
70 372 90 1 8 9 10
50 367 60 1 5 6 7
30 362 20 1 2 2 3

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CONCORDE FLYING MANUAL
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Deceleration and Descent Deceleration and Descent Checklist

WARNING AND LOG DISPLAY.CHECKED

Press and hold the captains warning and landing display TEST push button.

Observe AP light (red), AT light (red), LAND 2 and LAND 3 lights (green) and DH
light (amber) on.
Observe brief audio warning (cavalry charge).

BRIEFING..STATED
Aide-Memoir: Decl. Point, ADDs/MEL, AIS/ATIS, Sig.Wx., Terrain/SSA/MSA,
Transition Level, STAR, Approach / Go-Around/Radio Aids, R/W State /
Stopping / Airfield, Fuel Capability / Alternate, AWO...Review

SAFTEY ALTITUDE..CHECKED

Check the safety altitude on each leg and ensure that adequate terrain clearance is
maintained at all times.

PASS
NEXT POSITION TO S.H.
F/P REV WAYPOINT FREQ Ft x DIST
ETA ETA TIME 1000
LINND N39 24.6
W071 42.8 3.0 56
8
72W N39 20.0
W072 00.0 2.0 14
9
OWENZ N39 49.3
W072 50.0 3.0 48
1

ASI BUGS...SET

Set ASI bugs for landing.

Our planned landing weight for landing is 104T. Look this up on the Landing-
Weight/VREF chart. VREF is 157kts.

Set the bugs to VREF, VREF + 7, VREF + 10 and VREF + 30. (157/164/167187).

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Deceleration and Descent Deceleration and Descent Checklist

ALTIMETERS..SET / CROSS CHECKED

Standby flags clear


Set bugs to DA (Decision Altitude) and airfield elevation
Cross check settings.

RADIO ALTIMETERSDH SET

Set decision height DH on bugs and crosscheck.

The Deceleration and Descent.

The optimum descent speed is M0.93/350kts.

Approaching the decel point, set the cleared flight level in the Altitude Select Window
and maintain the end of cruise flight level by engaging the APFD in ALT HOLD
mode.
Disconnect autothrottles and throttle back to 18o TLA.

As the IAS reduces through 360kts engage autopilot ALT ACQ Mode which
automatically engages VERT SPEED mode at 800ft/min. When the speed reduces to
350kts engage APFD in IAS HOLD mode to descend at 350kts, and at M1.50 throttle
back to 32o TLA. Note that the power reductions cause a marked pitch down
tendency.

If Subsonic Cruise Required: -

The distance for decel/descent to FL 410 and M1.00 is extracted from the table in the
Normal Checklist, and FL410 pre-set in the Altitude Select window. The ATC cleared
level should be noted on the Communication Flight plan.

At the decel. point commence deceleration as described above. On achieving ALT


ACQ capture for FL 410 and when the rate of descent reduces to less than 1000 ft/min
set the next cleared level in the Altitude Select window. Note the APFD will revert to
PITCH HOLD with ALT ACQ primed from this action.

At M0.97, the Flight Engineer will gently increase power to 86% N2 and begin a
timing of one minute at 86%. The increase to 86% N2 should be made over
approximately 5 seconds, taking care not to overswing.

At M0.95 select autopilot MACH HOLD: this will ensure that the aircraft descends
initially at M0.93 to M0.95. Finely adjust to M0.93 using the DATUM ADJUST
control for the subsonic descent.

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CONCORDE FLYING MANUAL
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Deceleration and Descent Deceleration and Descent Checklist

AT DECELERATION POINT

ENGINE RECIRC VALVES..OPEN

Not Implemented.

THROTTLES...18o

Retard Throttles to 18 degrees.

TANKS 1 & 4.NORM

Confirm that TANKS 1 & 4 switch is at NORM.

TANK 11 HYDRAULIC PUMPS.OFF

Set both hydraulic pumps to OFF.

FUEL TRANSFER.TRANSFER FWD

Set tank 9 + 10 load limit control to landing value.

Observe the CG position and Mach number.

If
The CG is forward of or equal to 57.5% and speed is above M = 1.5. Wait
until the speed reduces to M = 1.5.

If
The CG is rearward of 57.5% and the speed is above M = 1.5.
Set the TRIM TRANS AUTO MASTER sel to FORWARD.
Observe the CG moves forward
When the CG reaches 57.5%.
Observe Mach number.
IF above M = 1.5.
Set the TRIM TRANS AUTO MASTER to OFF.
Wait until the speed reduces to M = 1.5.

Continued

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CONCORDE FLYING MANUAL
TUTORIAL
Deceleration and Descent Deceleration and Descent Checklist

FUEL TRANSFER.TRANSFER FWD

AT M=1.5

Verify the TRIM TRANS AUTO MASTER sel at FORWARD.


Observe the CG moves forward.
When the CG reaches 55%.
Observe Mach number.

If
The speed is above M = 0.93
Set the TRIM TRANS AUTO MASTER sel to OFF until the speed reduces to
M = 0.93
Then providing a subsonic cruise leg is not planned set the TRIM TRANS
AUTO MASTER to FORWARD.

When tank 9 contents equal the preset load limit.


Observe tank 9 INLET VALVE MIs (2) show crossline and tank 5 and tank 7 INLET
VALVE MIs show inline.

When contents of tank 5 and tank 7 are over 100kg


Verify tank 5 and tank 7 PUMPS selectors and switches to ON.
Verify tank 11 contents are equal to the preset landing ballast quantity.

Observe tank 5 and tank 7 INLET VALVE MIs show crossline.


Set TRIM TRANS AUTO MASTER selector to OFF.

Observe CG position is forward of 53.5%

ENGINE FLIGHT RATING.CLIMB

Set ENG FLIGHT RATING switches (4) to CLIMB


Observe CLB light (white) on, CRS light off.

At M = 1.5

THROTTLES32o

Retard throttles to 32 degrees.


The throttle lever position of 32 deg ensures adequate air-conditioning flows at speeds
greater than M = 1.00

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CONCORDE FLYING MANUAL
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Deceleration and Descent Deceleration and Descent Checklist

At M = 1.3

INTAKES.CHECKED

Observe that the ramps are up and the spill doors are closed.

At M = 1.00

THROTTLESAS REQD

Retard the throttles to idle, or carry out 86% procedure at M = 0.97 or at M = 1.10 if
on cleared to FL410 or FL390.

PRESSURISATION..SET

Not Implemented.

PRESS STATIC HEATERS..ON

At M = 1.0 or before descent if subsonic.


Verify PRESS, STATIC HEATERS switches (2) at ON.

TRANSPARENCY DE-ICE, DEMIST..ON

At M = 1.0 or before descent if subsonic.


Set W/SHIELD DE-ICE sels (2) to LOW
Observe O/HEAT lights (2) off.
Set VISOR DE-ICE switch (2) to ON.
Observe O/HEAT lights (2) off.
Set DV-DE-MIST switch (2) to ON.
Observe O/HEAT lights (2) off.

THROTTLE MASTER sw...OTHER SELECTION

Select Throttle Control Units to other selection.


Observe all THROT lights off. Pedestal

DECELERATION AND DESCENT


CHECKLISTCOMPLETE

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CONCORDE FLYING MANUAL
TUTORIAL
Deceleration and Descent Subsonic Descent

Should ATC ask for the aircraft to descend to a lower level in a short period of time, a
feature called idle-reverse is used. Activated using the spoiler key on the simulator.
On Concorde with the throttles idle, the aircraft can have very good descent rates.
However, with the application of idle reverse (only on inboard engines), the aircraft
can plummet at 11,000ft per min!
There are four restrictions when using this feature: -

1) Must be subsonic
2) Must be below 30,000ft
3) Must be below 370KIAS
4) Can only be used for a maximum of 4min.

The secondary nozzles (2+3) can be seen here extended to the in-flight reverse
position.

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CONCORDE FLYING MANUAL
TUTORIAL

Approach and Landing


Approach and Landing Holding Patterns

Recommended airspeed and timings are as follows: -


FL150 and above 280kts 1.5mins
FL140 and below 250kts 1 min

Due to Concordes higher holding speeds it is essential to monitor all parameters


closely to ensure that the aircraft stays within the protected holding area.

For short term holding (at typical landing weights) fuel required is approximately
1000kg/hold.

Nose and Visor

Below 250kts the visor must be down with the nose at 5o or down (cockpit visibility
consideration).

Nose and visor operation must not be made below 500ft above the terrain. When the
nose and/or visor are moved, the aircrafts flight path should be maintained by either
the autopilot or by instrument reference, in order to guard against any tendency for
disorientation

Angles of Attack

The angle of attack approximates closely to the pitch attitude required for level flight.
The incidence meter can thus be used as a guide to attitude required. At typical
landing weights the angle of attack for given airspeeds are approximately:-

250kts = 6o to 7o
210kts = 9o to 10o
Vref = 13o to 14o

Noise Abatement

Noise and fuel consumption are both greatly increased at low speed. It is therefore
important to carefully plan and monitor descent and speed reduction, avoiding
prolonged low altitude or low speed flight.

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CONCORDE FLYING MANUAL
TUTORIAL
Approach and Landing Approach Checklist

CABIN CREW CALL..15 MINUTES

Cabin Crew 15 minutes to landing.

LANDING BRIEFING...UPDATE

Update the landing briefing as necessary.

TAXI TURN LTS.ON

For every approach, set the TAXI TURN light switches to ON.

RAD / INS sw.RAD

Set both RAD/INS switches to RAD


Observe both HIS that RAD and MAG displayed.

SEAT BELT SIGN...ON

Set FASTEN SEAT BELT switch and the NO SMOKG switch to ON.

ENGINE RATING MODE.TAKE OFF

Set ENG RATING MODE switches to T/OFF.


Observe T/O light (white) on, CLB light off.

BRAKE FANSOFF
ENGINE RECIRC VALVES..SHUT
ENGINE CONTROL SCHEDULEAPPROACH
SECONDARY AIR DOOR swsAUTO

Not Implemented.

ENGINE FEED PUMPS.ALL ON

Verify all ENGINE FEED PUMP switches are ON.

CROSS FEED VALVESSHUT

Verify CROSSFEED rotary selectors at crossline position.

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CONCORDE FLYING MANUAL
TUTORIAL
Approach and Landing Approach Checklist

SSB..AS REQUIRED
BATTERIES / d.c. split swAS REQUIRED

Not Implemented.

FUEL / WEIGHT / CG...CHECKED

Update landing data card fuel and weight figures as required.


Verify CG within landing limits.

ASI BUGS..UPDATE

Update the ASI bug settings as required.

SEATS & HARNESSLOCKED PWR OFF


& SEC

VISOR / NOSE..DOWN / 5 DEG

Set the Visor/Nose lever to VIS/0.


Observe visor moves downwards. Unlock light on, then off. Visor MI reads down. 5
deg lock light is off.

Set the Visor/Nose lever to 5 DEG


Observe nose moves downwards. Unlock light on, then off. Nose MI reads 5 DEG. 5
deg lock light remains off.

ALTIMETERS / RAD ALTSQNH SET / UPDATE

Set QNH on altimeter


Update altimeter DA and DH bugs as required.

APPROACH CHECKLIST.COMPLETE

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CONCORDE FLYING MANUAL
TUTORIAL
Approach and Landing Procedures and Techniques

By 1000ft Radio Altitude (RA) the aircraft should be established on the correct
approach path for the runway of intended landing with the visor, nose and gear in the
configuration. The speed should be stabilized below 195kts as appropriate to the
approach in use. If these criteria have not been met then serious consideration must be
given to an immediate go-around

At 500ft RA the aircraft must be stabilized in the planned landing configuration, the
glideslope or correct vertical profile established, approach power set and indicated
airspeed no more than the target threshold speed plus 20kts. If these criteria have not
been met then an immediate go-around must be carried out.

Pitch Attitude

On final approach with speed stable at VTT pitch attitude is normally about 10.5o on a
3o glideslope. It will be found useful to set the white pitch index bug to this position.

ILS Reduced Noise Approach

The Reduced Noise Approach (RNA) is the standard approach used for Concorde
operations and will be flown except when precluded by equipment, runway or
weather conditions.
The RNA reduces approach path noise and provides savings in both fuel and time. In
broard principal it is a Vref + 40 (min 190kts)/Vref +7 procedure, stabilized by 500ft
RA.

Procedure:
Upon reducing to Vref + 30 (min 190kts) engage AT in IAS HOLD: preset VTT in
IAS ACQ window.
Fly ILS glideslope at Vref + 30 (min 190kts) down to 800ft RA.
At 800ft RA engage AT in IAS ACQ mode. Should inertial ground speed be greater
than 220kts at 1000ft RA, then IAS ACQ must be selected at that point.
At 500ft RA the P2 will check that the glideslope, speed and AT actively are
satisfactory and call Stabilized, or which ever parameter is unsatisfactory.

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Approach and Landing Procedures and Techniques

ILS All Weather

The Flight Director will normally be used for all ILS approaches but as with other
aircraft it is essential that the pilots also monitor the raw data.

Localiser capture is all angle with a recommended intercept angle of between 20o
and 60o. Establish an intercept heading using ALT HOLD and TRK/HDG modes,
reduce speed to Vref + 30 (min 190kts) wit autothrottle in IAS ACQ, then prime VOR
LOC.

The command to turn onto the localiser should be carefully watched as the the Flight
Director may require immediate response to accomplish this without overshooting the
centre line.

When on the localiser prime GLIDE.

Approaching the glideslope will be indicated by the glideslope pointers of both ADI
and HIS. Landing gear should be selected down and landing checklist called at 1.5
dots below glideslope. Interception of the glideslope will be indicated by the lowering
of the pitch command bars plus the GLIDE caption becoming illuminated.

Back Beam ILS

Back Beam mode is used when flying in the opposite direction to the ILS front beam.
To ensure that HIS presentation is correct the front beam QDM must be set on the
VORLOC rotary selectors.
The expanded LOC indication of the ADI is in the reverse sense when flying the
opposite direction to the ILS front beam.
Back Beam is not a capture mode therefore to establish final approach during a back
beam approach, TRK/GDG mode should be used until within one dot beam bar
deflection and =/- 30o of the inbound heading before selecting Back Beam.

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CONCORDE FLYING MANUAL
TUTORIAL
Approach and Landing Landing Checklist

LANDING GEAR...4 GREENS

Set the L/GEAR lever to DOWN.


Observe LH, NOSE, T and RH arrow lights (green) (4) on and LH SHORT, RH
SHORT, UPPER LOCKS and transit lights off at end of lowering sequence.

NOSE..DOWN & GREEN

Set VISOR/NOSE lever to DOWN.


Observe 5DEG light on and then off.
Light (green arrow) on. Nose MI reads DOWN.

BRAKES.CHECKED / NORMAL

Verify the brakes lever is at NORM.


Observe BRAKES FAIL light off.

ANTI-SKID..CHECKED

Observe brakes ANTI-SKID R lights (red) on.

AUX INLETS..OPEN / X-HATCH


YELLOW SYSTEMCHECKED

Not Implemented.

LANDING CHECKLIST..COMPLETE

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CONCORDE FLYING MANUAL
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Approach and Landing Procedures and Techniques

Both autothrottles should be engaged. If available, for all 4-engine and 3-engine
approaches whether visual or instrument, manual or automatic.
The pilot flying the aircraft will keep one hand on the throttle throughout the final
approach in order to detect and rectify autothrottle failure or unscheduled movement.
Except during autoland, autothrottles should be disengaged at 40ft and the power
disengagement maintained until reaching 15ft.

Height Calls

In addition to the pilot calls of 100 above(to decision height) and Decide, the
procedure is for the Flight Engineer to call Radio Altimeter Active, then radio
altitudes of 1000ft, 800ft, 500ft, 400ft, 300ft, 200ft, 100ft, 50, 40,
30, 20 and15.

Power Reduction at 15 Feet

Smoothly decrease power to idle at 15feet.

The lift due to thrust in the approach attitude is significant therefore the power
reduction is important in effecting the flare Pulling the power right off above 15ft can
induce an undesirable high rate of descent.

As with other aircraft it is important that excessive rates of descent do not occur near
the ground. If the rate of descent is higher than normal, this must be reduced prior to
throttle closure.

Crosswind Landings

Crosswind landings present no problems. The wings are kept level during flare and at
15ft the crab angle smoothly removed with rudder.

Go-Around

The go-around is initiated by disconnecting the autothrottles and expeditiously


applying full power without reheat. Rotate to a pitch attitude of 15o and level the
wings. When a positive climb is established select the gear up. Once speed as
increased to above Vref + 50 reduce power to 95% N2 and engage autothrottles for
250kts, then reduce pitch attitude to achieve a rate of climb of approximately 2000
feet/min.
Above 500 feet ensure the gear is up and the lights off, then select the lever to to
neutral and nose to 5o.

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Approach and Landing Procedures and Techniques

Below about 100ft no attempt is made to follow the glideslope but the mean attitude
and rate of descent at 100ft maintained until commencing the flare.

Normally at 20ft carry out a slight check, followed by a gentle flare at 15ft as the
throttles are closed. From that point it is necessary to apply increasing back pressure
to the stick to maintain the aircraft attitude prior to touchdown. Both ground effect
and throttle closure cause a marked nose down tendency.

Visual cut off is considerable on Concorde making it essential to look at the far end of
the runway during the flare. This is particularly important at night when there is
tendency for the pilot to look at the area illuminated by the landing lights.

Ground Effect

Ground effect is very noticeable on Concorde. The pilot feels it as a significant


nosedown tendency. If he corrects this to maintain the established pitch attitude, he is
in effect commencing a flare on the control column without significantly altering the
aircrafts pitch attitude. This flare is then continued to reduce the rate of descent to
normal touchdown rates. The attitude change here is very small, in the order of about
half a degree at Vref, or 1 degree at Vref + 7.

Autoland

Position the aircraft onto the localiser as described in ILS approach. Press LAND to
prime the selection of LAND, LOC and GLIDE. Once LOC and GLIDE lights are on,
they will extinguish and LAND light will illuminate providing that both autopilots are
engaged.

Autothrottle automatically retards the throttles during the flare. When the mainwheels
touch, the autopilot and autothrottle should be disengaged and the nosewheel
smoothly lowered to the ground.

Selecting Reverse

As soon as the mainwheels touchdown, reverse idle should be selected and the
nosewheel smoothly lowered onto the ground. When the nosewheel has touched,
reverse power should be selected. The control column should be kept slightly forward
of neutral to counteract the nose-up tendency as reverse power is increased above idle.

Normal reverse should be selected on all four engines.


At 100kts IAS reverse idle is selected on bout outer engines.
At 75kts IAS reverse idle is selected on both inner engines.
Reverse idle is permitted on all engines down to 50kts. As this speed is not indicated
on the ASI, it should be noted from the HIS groundspeed.

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Approach and Landing Procedures and Techniques

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CONCORDE FLYING MANUAL
TUTORIAL
Approach and Landing Procedures and Techniques

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CONCORDE FLYING MANUAL
TUTORIAL
Approach and Landing Procedures and Techniques

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After Landing and Taxi
After Landing and Taxi Vacating the runway & After Landing Checklist

Vacate the runway not above a taxi speed of 30kts on a high speed taxiway, or 10kts
on a dry 90 degree taxiway turnoff, 6kts in wet conditions.

As the aircraft is now lightweight, it is required to shut the inboard engines down to
aid in taxiing. This is done by turning off the AUTO IGNITION switches, followed
by placing the HP VALVE switches for engines 2 and 3 to SHUT.

Any Landing or Taxi Turn lights must also be retracted and turned off.

The After Landing Checklist then ensues: -

TYRE LIGHT..OBSERVE
BRAKE FANS.AS REQUIRED

Not Implemented.

MASTER WARNING..INHIBIT

Press INHIBIT push button.

NOSE..5 DEG

Select nose to 5o.


Set VISOR/NOSE lever to 5o.

FLIGHT CONTROL INVERTERSOFF LIV

Set BLUE INVERTER sel to OFF INV and observe flight control channels MIs (9)
read G.
Set GREEN INVERTER sel to OFF INV and observe flight control channel MIs
read M.

RADAR...OFF
SSB.CLOSED
RAMP SPILL MASTER sws.MAN

Not Implemented.

INBOARD ENGINES.AS REQUIRED


AUTO IGNITION.OFF

Set the AUTO IGNITION switches (4) to OFF.

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After Landing and Taxi Vacating the runway & After Landing Checklist

PRESS STATIC HEATERS..OFF

Set the PRESS STATIC HEATERS switches (2) to OFF.

ADS AND STBY HEATERS..OFF

Set the DRAIN MAST HTRS switches (3) to OFF

WING & INTAKE ANTI-ICING..OFF

Verify WING AND INTAKE ANTI-ICING MAIN sel OFF,ALTERN sel OFF.
Observe INT lights (2) off, CYCLIC lights (2) OFF.

W/SHIELD EMERG DE-ICE swsOFF / GAURDED

Verify the W/SHIELD EMERG DE-ICE LEFT and RIGHT sws at OFF.

TRANSPONDER..XPDR

Set ATC mode selector to STBY.

PRESSURISATION.CHECKED
SECONDARY AIR DOORSAUTO, SHUT and
LIGHTS OFF
BATTERY/DC SPLIT SWs.ON / normal
BRAKE TEMP lts...CHECKED
SLIDESDOORS RO MANUAL

Not Implemented.

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After Landing and Taxi Vacating the runway & After Landing Checklist

TANK 9/10 SHUT DOWN FUEL4,000 KG

Observe tank 9 (10 in simulator) contents are 4,000Kg or more.

If tank 10 contains less than 4000Kg and fuel is available in tank 1,2,3 and 4: -

Verify tank 11 INLET VALVES MIs show crossline.


Verify JETTISON MASTER VALVES MIs show crossline
Set tanks 10 STANDBY INLET VALVES selector to OPEN
Set tanks 1,2,3 and 4 jettison valves to open
Observe tank 10 quantity increasing.

When tank 10 contents reach 4000Kg.


Set tanks 1, 2, 3 and 4 jettison valves switches shut
Set tank 10 STANDBY INLET VALVE Shut.

AFTER LANDING CHECKLIST...COMPLETE

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Parking
Parking Parking Checklist

BRAKES..PARK

Set brakes control lever to PARK.


Observe BRAKES pressure gauge indicating full scale and BRAKES EMERG light
(amber) on.

LIGHTS & TRANSPARENCIES.OFF / RETRACT: OFF

Set the MAIN LANDING LIGHTS, LANDING-TAXI LIGHTS and TAXI-TURN


LIGHTS to RETRACT and OFF.

Verify WINSHIELD DE-ICE selectors OFF.


VISOR DE-ICE switches at OFF.
DV DEMIST switches at OFF.

NOSE / VISOR..AS REQUIRED

Set NOSE/VISOR lever to UP.


Observe NOSE MI reads UP and VISOR MI reads UP.

EMERG GENERATOR sel..AUTO


BATTERIES (G-BOAG ONLY).ON
GROUND POWER.ON

Not Implmented.

HP VALVESSHUT

Retard throttle levers to idle. Set HP VALVE switches (4) to SHUT.


Observe HP valve MIs (4) read SHUT and engine(s) run down.

THROTTLE MASTERS..OFF

Set THROTTLE MASTER selectors to OFF.

ANTI-COLLISION lts..OFF
FASTEN SEAT BELTS..OFF
ENGINE ANTI-ICING.OFF
IGNITION.OFF

Verify all switch selections are at OFF.

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Parking Parking Checklist

FUEL PANELGROUND STATE

Set ENGINE FEED PUMPS sws (12) to OFF.

Verify fuel panel in ground state. I.e.:-

Tank 9 INLET VALVE MAIN selectors at AUTO, O/RIDE selectors at OFF


Tank 9 PUMP selectors at AUTO
Tank 10 DE-AIR switch at OFF
Tank 10 PUMP selectors at AUTO
TRIM TRANS AUTO MASTER selector OFF and guarded
Tank 11 INLET VALVES MAIN selectors at SHUT, O/RIDE selectors at OFF
Tank 11 PUMP selectors (4) at AUTO
Tank 11 DE-AIR switch at OFF
STANDBY INLET VALVES switches (9) at SHUT
Tanks 5A and 7A PUMPS switches at OFF
TRIM PIPE DRAIN switch at SHUT
TRANS VALVE 5A-5 and 7A-7 switches at SHUT
Tanks 5 and 7 PUMPS selectors at OFF
Tank 5 and 7 INLET VALVE MAIN selectors at AUTO, O/RIDE selectors at OFF
Tanks 6 and 8 PUMPS at OFF
INTER CON VALVE (6-7) and (5-8) switches at SHUT
Fuel Jettison transparent cover shut and JETTISON MASTER VALVES MIs (2)
crossline.

FUEL PANELGROUND STATE


BATTERIESBATT OFF
INSPOST FLT INFO
CHOCKS...IN POSITION
BRAKE FANS.AS REQUIRED
RADIATION METER..NOTED
INS.RELOAD (TRANSIT)
FLIGHT DECK DOOR...UNLOCKED
FLIGHT DOCUMENTSRETAINED

PARKING CHECKLIST..COMPLETE

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Parking Stopover Checklist

AIR DATA COMPUTERSOFF


INS...OFF
FLIGHT CONTROL INVERTERSPWR OFF
OXYGENOFF
GROUND POWERAS REQUIRED
MASTER C/Bs.TRIP
EMERGENCY lts..OFF
STOPOVER CHECKLIST..COMPLETE

Parking - Flight Engineers Leaving Panel Checklist

CABIN TEMPERATURESTABLE
CGCHECKED
TRIM TRANSFER.CHECKED
FUEL TRANSFER.SAFE
ENGINE FEED PUMPS.ALL ON
CROSSFEED.SHUT
JETTISON SYSTEMVALVES SHUT/
COVER CLOSED
EMERGENCY GENERATORNORM / GRD BYPASS
LEAVING PANEL CHECKLISTCOMPLETE

I hope you have enjoyed this tutorial and that you had successful flight from London
to New York.

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CONCORDE FLYING MANUAL
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Additional Procedures
Additional Procedures The New York 31L Departure

It was agreed when the aircraft started operating out of Kennedy to the Port Authority
that runway 04L would not be used unless the TOW was less than 140,000Kgs. In a
situation where 04L has to be used (other runways closed, bad wx etc.) then a stop
would have to be made, usually in Bangor or Halifax en-route to London/Paris.

Therefore; the only runways available to Concorde for departure are 22R and 31L.
Based on 28 years of meteorological data used in the study by British Aerospace and
Aerospatiale, the probability of a 31L departure was calculated at 68%. So heres how
the Concorde 31L departure is flown...

NAV1 set to Kennedy VOR (115.9)


NAV2 set to Canarsie VOR (112.3)

As soon as the aircraft is airborne and has established a positive rate of climb, the
Pilot Flying calls for the gear, while the Pilot Not Flying calls TURN. The PF then
banks the aircraft left to 25 degrees, taking about 6 seconds to do so. The aircraft now
climbs out at a pitch attitude of theta-2 (usually around 13.5 degrees), until the cut
back time is reached.

The cut back time (calculated beforehand, and out of NY on the 31L is usually around
60secs) is the time from the initial takeoff roll that the reheats are extinguished. If by
this cut-back-time the aircraft is not above 235Kts, the PF calls negative noise - and
will delay the selection to extinguish the reheats.

On the cut-back-time, the throttles are brought back to a calculated position, depicted
by a Throttle Lever Angle (TLA) bug on the throttle quadrant.

The next stage in the departure is to look for a heading of 235 degrees. Approaching
this heading, the PF reduces the bank angle to 7.5degrees and advances the throttles
back to the forward stops. The aircraft is now on full dry max climb power (not full
power!) and climbing with an attitude of 18 degrees. The aircraft then continues to
turn onto a heading of 176 degrees.

It is required to cross the JFK 253 Radial at 2500ft. At this point, the throttles are
once again reduced to the TLA bug - and the crew aim to fly over a car park on
Rockaway beach, just to the south of the Canarsie VOR (or over the Bridge NDB).
When 5Nm outbound from Canarsie, the throttles are advanced back to the forward
stops. Thus selecting max climb power, and the aircraft climbs away on NY
Departure instructions.

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