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M.A. ENGLISH (PU) - PART ONE NOTES


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1. M.A. ENGLISH LIT: 1. PU Part I 2. PU Part II 3. UOS Part I 4. UOS Part II 5. BZU Part I 6. BZU Part II 7. UOK PART I 8. UOK PART II 9. UOP PART I 10. UOP PART II
2. GRADUATION: 1. PU B.A. English (C) 2. PU B.A. English Lit. 3. PU B.Sc. English 4. PU B.Com English 5. UOS B.A. English (C) 6. BZU B.A. English (C) 7. Other Subjects
3. INTER & A LEVEL: 1. Ist Year English (PB) 2. 2nd Year English (PB) 3. A Level English Part I 4. A Level English Part II 5. Other Subjects
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6. OTHERS: 1. English Grammar 2. Spoken English 3. IELTS 4. ESOL 5. TOEFL 6. Online Earning 7. Home Tuition

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COMPLETE NOTES
PAPER I - CLASSICAL POETRY
EUREKA HOME TUITION
1. PAPER I (Classical Poetry)
2. PAPER II (Drama)
1. YEAR 2003
A empt any FOUR ques ons including Ques on No. 1 which is
3. PAPER III (Novel)
COMPULSORY. All questions carry equal marks. Be brief and to the point.
4. PAPER IV (Prose)
1. Explain the reference to the context any FOUR of the following passages:
5. PAPER V (American Lit.)
(i) And I have leave to go of her goodness,
6. PAST PAPERS
And she also, to use newfangleness.
7. SAMPLE ANSWERS But since that I so kindly am served
"How like you this?" What hath she now deserved.
ABOUT ME (ii) A bettre felawe sholde men naught fynde,
He wolde suffre, fro a quart of wyn,
A good felawe to have his concubyn,
A twelf monther, and excuse hym atte fulle.
(iii) When those fair suns shall set, as set they must,
Prof. Shahbaz Asghar And all those tresses shall be laid in dust,
Follow 1.3k This lock, the Muse shall consecrate to fame,
Teacher, Author, Blogger And midst the stars inscribe Blinda's name.
View my complete profile
(iv) ---Some cursed fraud
Of enemy hath beguiled thee; yet unknown,
And me with thee had ruined; for with thee certain
CONTACT ME
My resolution is to die.
Name (v) If our two loves be one, or thou and I
Love so alike, that none do slacken
Nor can die.
Email * (vi) Regions of sorrow, doleful shades, where peace
And rest can never dwell, hope never comes
That come to all; ----
Message * (vii) A visage stem and mild, where both did grow,
Vice of contemn, in virtue to rejoice;
Amid great storms, whom grace assured so
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To live upright and smile at fortune's choice
(viii) So, let us melt, and make no noise,
Send No tears floods, nor sigh-tempests move,
'Twere profanation of your joyes
To twll the layetie our love.
INFOLINKS
2. The sonnet as a verse form usually expresses personal feelings. Discuss this
statement with reference to the sonnets of Thomas Wyatt.
3. Discuss the Earl of Surrey's contribution to English Poetry.

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4. Examine Paradise Lost as a Renaissance Epic
5. In his love poetry, Donne exhibits a more varied range of feeling than the
Elizabethans. Moreover, his imagery, dic on and versica on are startlingly
different. Discuss.
6. Why has the Rape of the Lock retained its popularity to this day?
7. Compare and contrast the Knight with Parson in the Prologue.
Notes Prepared By: Prof. Shahbaz Asghar
2. YEAR 2004
A empt any FOUR ques ons including Ques on No. 1 which is
COMPULSORY. All questions carry equal marks. Be brief and to the point.
1. Explain with reference to the context any FOUR of the following passages:
(i) "What may this mean? Language of men pronounced.
By tongue of brute, and human sense expressed?
The first at least of these, I thought denied
To beasts, whom God on their creation-day
Created mute to all articulate sound;....
(ii) Regions of sorrow, doleful shades, where peace
And rest can never dwell, hope never come
That comes to all.
(iii) My face in thine eye, thine in mine appears,
And true plain hearts doe in the faces rest,
Where can we find two better hemispheres
Without sharp north, without sharp west?
(iv) What moved my mind with youthful lords to roam?
Oh! Had I stayed, and said my prayers at home
'Twas from my trembling hand the patch-box fell;
(v) Thus, for our guilt, this jewel have we lost;
The earth his bones, the heavens possess his ghost.
(vi) Well liked by all and intimate was he
With Franklins everywhere in his country
And with the worthy women of the town
(vii) The faithful wife, without debate,
Such sleeps as may beguile the night:
Content thyself with thine estate,
Neither dish death, nor fear his night.
(viii) Since thou and I sigh one another's breath
Whoe'r sighs most, is crudest, and
Hastes to the other's death.
2. Give a detailed cri cal analysis and appraisal of any one of the poems of
Surrey: On Wyatt's Death, The Means to Attain a Happy Life OR
Wyatt's most perfect poems are not, them, his most original in form. Discuss.
3. Draw a character sketch of Belinda as portrayed in the Rape of the Lock.
4. Who, do you think is responsible for the fall of Man Adam or Eve? Illustrate
from Book-IX of the Paradise Lost.
5. Discuss the variety of Moods in which Donne treats Love in his love poetry.
6. Write a note on Chaucer's female pilgrims as presented in the Prologue.
7. Dr. Johnson remarked about Milton's Paradise Lost that "its perusal is a duty
rather than a pleasure". Do you agree?
Notes Prepared By: Prof. Shahbaz Asghar
3. YEAR 2005
A empt any FOUR ques ons including Ques on No. 1 which is
COMPULSORY. All questions carry equal marks. Be brief and to the point.
(i) Fallen cherub to be weak is miserable,
Doing or suffering; but of this be sure
To do aught good never will be our task
But ever to do ill our sole delight .....
(ii) He settenat his benefice to hyre
And leet his sheepe encombred in the myre,
And ran to Londoun,
Unto seint poules,
To seeten hym a chaunterie for sonless.
(iii) Whatever spirit, careless of his charge,

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His post neglects, or leaves the fair at large,
Shall feel sharp vengeance soon o'ertake his sins
Be stopped in vials, or transfixed with pins.
(iv) Or let these two, the themselves, not mee decay;
So shall I live, thy stage, not triumph bee,
Last thou thy love and hate and mee undoe,
To let me live, O love and hate me too.
(v) "O place of bliss, renever of my woes,
Give me account O where is my nobel fere,
Whom in thy walls thou didst each might enclose,
To another life, but unto me most dear:
(vi) All is possible!
Who list believe,
Trust therefore first and after preve;
As men wed ladies by License and Leave;
All is possible.
(vii) "Of the fruit
Of each tree in the garden we may eat,
But of the fruit of this fair tree a midst
The garden, God hath said, 'ye shall not eat
Thereof, not shall ye touch it, Last ye die'
(viii) And if some Lover, such as wee,
Have heard this dialogue of one,
Let him still Markus, he shall see
Small change, when we are to bodies gone.
2. In the 'Rape of the Lock' the metamorphosis of the epic gains full crea ve
freedom. Discuss.
3. Write a detailed critical analysis of TWO of the following poems:
(i) Prisoned in Windsor
(ii) On Wyatt's Death
(iii) They Flee From Me
4. In wai ng the 'Paradise Lost' has Milton succeeded in jus fying the ways of
God to men?
5. "Donne's Monarchy of wit was not a trick or fashion but one of the greatest
achievements of the poe c intelligence." Discuss the appropriateness of this
remark by Leishman.
6. What are the salient features of Chaucer's style? Illustrate from the "Prologue
to the Canterbury Tales".
7. While Satan of the rst two books of the 'Paradise Lost' pleases the modern
sensibility, Milton's concept of man-woman relationship does not. Do you agree?
Notes Prepared By: Prof. Shahbaz Asghar
4. YEAR 2006
A empt any FOUR ques ons including Ques on No. 1 which is
COMPULSORY. All questions carry equal marks.
1. Explain with reference to the context any FOUR of the following passages:
(i) In all the possible wifne was ther noon
That to the offerynge before hire shoulde goone;
And if there dide, certeyn so wrooth was she,
That she was out of all charitee.
(ii) If they be two, they are two so
As stiffe twin compasses are two
Thy soule the first foot, makes no-show
To move, but doth, if the other doe.
(iii) O thoughtless mortals! Ever blind to fate,
Too soon defected, and two soon elate,
Sudden, these honours shall be snatched away
And cursed for ever this victorious day.
(iv) Space may produce new worlds; where of so rife there
Want a fame in Heaven that ere long
Intended to create, and therein plant
A generation whom his choice regard.
Should favour equal to the sons of Heaven.

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(v) Earth felt the wound, and Nature from her seat.
Sighing through all her works gave signs of woe, that
All was lost.
(vi) Thou art slave to Fate, Chance
Kings and desperate men,
And dost with payson, warre, and sickness dwell,
And Popple, or charms can make us sleep as well,
And better than thystroake;
(vii) If it be yea, I shall be fain
It if be nay, friends, as before,
You shall another men obtain
And I mine own, and yours no more.
(viii) The stately seats, the ladies bright hue
The dances short, long tales of great delight;
With words and looks that tigers could but sue,
Where each of us did plead the other's right.
2. What is major contribu on of Thomas Wya to English poetry of the
Renaissance? Discuss with reference to the poems you have studied.
3. Write a critical appreciation of any TWO of the following poems:
(i) Love That Doth Reign
(ii) My Friend, The Things
(iii) Wyatt Resteth Here
4. Discuss and illustrate the ar s c method adopted by Chaucer in the portrayal
of his pilgrims in the Prologue.
5. Milton conceived and executed the scheme of Paradise Lost in accordance
with the principles of classical epics. Discuss.
6. Do you agree that in The Rape of the Lock, the mock-heroic element is not the
dominant interest but the brilliant picture of fashionable life? Discuss.
7. Discuss Donne as a Metaphysical poet.
Notes Prepared By: Prof. Shahbaz Asghar
5. YEAR 2007
A empt any FOUR ques ons including Ques on No. 1 which is
COMPULSORY. All questions carry equal marks.
1. Explain with reference to the context any FOUR of the following extracts:
(i) If then his providence
Out of our evil seek to bring forth good,
Our labour must be to pervert that end,
And out of good still to find means of evil;
(ii) By fountain or by shady rivulet
He sought them both, but wished his hap might
Find Even separate;
(iii) Ful many a deyntee horse had he in stable;
And when he rood men myghte his broydel heer
Gynglen in a whistlunge wynd als cleere,
(iv) Ful wel biloved and famulier was he
With frankeleyns over all his contree,
And eek with worthy wommen of the town;
(v) Thy beams, so reverend, and strong
Why shouldst thou thinke?
I could eclipse and cloud them with a winke
(vi) Then flashed the living lightning from her eyes,
And screams of horror rend the affrighted skies.
Not louder shrieks to pitying Heaven are cast,
When husbands, or when lap dogs breathe their last;
(vii) The long love that in my though
I harbour,
And in mine heart doth keep his residence.
2. Discuss Wyatt as father of modern English poetry.
3. Discuss Chaucer's art of narration in The Prologue.
4. Explain and illustrate the remarks that Chaucer's whole point of view is that of
a humourist.
5. On the basis of your reading Book I of Paradise Lost, bring out Satan's

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qualities of leadership. OR
Discuss Eve's character as it develops in Paradise Lost Book IX.
6. Discuss Pope as a satirist.
7. Discuss Donne as poet of love OR
Write a comprehensive note on Donne's use of conceit.
Notes Prepared By: Prof. Shahbaz Asghar
6. YEAR 2008
A empt any FOUR ques ons including Ques on No. 1 Which is
COMPULSORY. All questions carry equal marks.
1. Explain only FOUR of the following with reference to the context:
(i) She leet no morsel from her lippes falle
Ne wettee hir fvngres in her sauce depe.
Wel koude she carie a morsel and wel kepe
That no drope ne fille upon hire breste.
(ii) Thrice he assayed, and thrice, in spite of scorn
Tears, such as angels weep, burst forth: at last
Words interwove with sighs found out their way:
(iii) And though it in the center sit,
Yet when the other far doth rome,
It leans and hearkens after it,
And growes erect, as that comes home.
(iv) For ever curs'd be this detested day,
Which snatched my best, my favourite curl away!
Happy! Ah ten times happy had I been
If Hampton-Court these eyes had never seen!
(v) But that thou shouldst my firmness therefore doubt
To God or thee, because we have a foe
May tempt it, I expected not to hear.
(vi) And with remembrance of the greater grief
To banish the less, if I find my chief relief.
(vii) It it be yea, I shall be fain;
If it be nay, friends, as before
You shall another man obtain
And I mine own and your's no more.
2. 'The Prologue' presents a cross-sec on of Chaucer's contemporary society.
Illustrate.
3. 'Donne's love lyrics spring not only from a strong and ingenious head but also
from a passionate heart." Discuss.
4. What epic conven ons does Milton follow in wri ng of his 'Paradise Lost'.
Elucidate.
5. Pope described 'The Rape of the Lock' as a heroic-comical poem. What did
Pope mean and how far did he succeed in his purpose.
6. Critically evaluate the style and major thematic concerns in Wyatt's poetry.
7. Write critical analysis of the TWO of the following poems:
(i) Prisoned in the Windor
(ii) On Wyatt's Death
(iii) They Flee From Me
Notes Prepared By: Prof. Shahbaz Asghar
7. YEAR 2009
A empt any FOUR ques ons including Ques on No. 1 which is
COMPULSORY. All questions carry equal marks.
1. Explain with reference to the context any FOUR of the following extracts:
(i) Therefore, he was prickausour aright
Greyhounds he hadde, as swift as fowel in flight
Of prikying and of huntinge for the hare
Was at his best, for no cost would he spare
(ii) Seek not temptation then, which to avoide
Were better, and most likelie if from me
Thou severe not, trial will come unsought.
(iii) By tongue of brute, and human sense expressed
The first at least of these, I though denied
To beasts, whom god on their creation -- day

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Created mute to all articulate sound .....
(iv) Shine here to us, and thou art everywhere;
This bed thy centre is these walls thy spheare.
(v) God shall the ravisher display your hair,
While the Fops envy, and the ladies stare;
Honour forbid; at whose unrivalled shrine
Ease, pleasure, virtue, all over sex resign.
(vi) Thus I alone, where all my freedom grew,
In prison pine with bondage and restraint;
(vii) Answer him fair, with yea or nay,
If it be yea, I shall be fair,
If it be nay - friends as before.
2. Write a critical analysis of TWO of the following poems:
(i) Madam Withouten Many Words
(ii) The Long Love That is My Thought I Harbour
(iii) They Flee From Me
3. Discuss in detail Surrey's contribu on to the development of sonnet form with
reference to the poems you have read.
4. Chaucer's technique of characteriza on in The Prologue diers from character
to character. Discuss.
5. Discuss Milton's style in Paradise Lost
6. Discuss the variety of Moods in which Donne treats love in his love poetry.
7. Discuss Pope's 'The Rape of the Lock' as a sa re on the manners and morals
of contemporary English upper class.
Notes Prepared By: Prof. Shahbaz Asghar
8. YEAR 2010
A empt any FOUR ques ons including Ques on No. 1 which is
COMPULSORY. All questions carry equal marks.
1. Explain with reference to the context any FOUR of the following:
(i) As on great furnace flam'd, yet from those flames
No light, but rather darkness visible
Serv'd only to discover sights of woe.
(ii) One short sleep past, wee wake eternally
And death shall be no more; death thou shalt die.
(iii) Then flash'd the living lightening from her eyes
And screams of horror rend the affrighted skies
(iv) All is possible!
Who so believe,
Trust therefore first and after preve.
(v) Of twenty year of age he was, I guesse
Of his stature he was evene lengthe
And wonderly delyvere and greet of strengthe
(vi) The mean diet, no dainty yare
Wisdom joined with simpleness
(vii) Farewell happie fields
Where joy forever dwells: Hail Horrors Hail
Infernal world, and thou profoundest Hell
Receive they new possessor.
2. How far do you thin Pope's Rape o the Lock breaks free of the biographical
and becomes a satire on the universal?
3. Compare and contrast Milton's presenta on of Adam and Satan in Paradise
Lost.
4. Write a critical analysis of TWO of the following poems by Wyatt and Surrey:
(i) Is It Possible?
(ii) Forget Not Yet
(iii) Wyatt Resteth Here
5. Cri cally analyze Chaucer's characteriza on of the female characters in The
Prologue.
6. Discuss in detail Donne's metaphysical images in his love poems and their
significance.
7. Discuss in detail some of the predominant images in Surrey's poetry.
8. Cri cally analyze Chaucer's characteriza on of the Ecclesias cal characters in

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The Prologue.
Notes Prepared By: Prof. Shahbaz Asghar
9. YEAR 2011
A empt any FOUR ques ons including Ques on No.1 which is
COMPULSORY. All questions carry equal marks.
1. Explain with reference to the context any FOUR of the following:
(i) As virtuous me passe mildly away,
And whisper to their soules, to goe,
Whilst some of their sad friends do say,
The breath goes now, and some, say no.
(ii) And use my life in quietness eacy dele,
Unknown in court that hath the wonton toys;
(iii) The faithful wife, without debate:
Such slees as may beguile the night:
Content thyself with thine estate,
Neither wish death, nor fear his might.
(iv) Great chiere made oure fear us everichon,
And the soper sette he us anon,
And serve us with vitalle at the beste:
Strong was thy wyn and wel to drynke us leste.
(v) Oft, when the world imagine women stray,
The sylphs through mystic mazes guide their way,
Through all the giddy circle they pursue,
And old impertinence expel by new.
(vi) All is not lost: the unconquerable will,
And study of revenge, immortal hate,
And courage never to submit to yield;
(vii) Ye Eate thereof, your Eyes that seem to cleere,
Yet are but dim, shall perfectly be then
Op'nd and cleerd, and ye shall be as Gods,
Knowing both Good and Evil as they know.
2. Compare and contrast Wyatt and Surrey as sonneteers.
3. Do you think that Milton's Paradise Lost meets with all the requirements of a
successful epic?
4. Write a critical note on Donne's use of hyperbole and paradox in his poems.
5. Write a critical analysis of the following poems:
(i) The Sun Rising
(ii) A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning
6. Do you think that Chaucer's The Prologue still appeals to the modern readers?
7. Discuss the main characteris cs of Pope's sa re in the light of his poem The
Rape of the Lock.
Notes Prepared By: Prof. Shahbaz Asghar
10. YEAR 2012
A empt any FOUR ques ons including Ques on No. 1 which is
COMPULSORY. All questions carry equal marks.
1. Explain with reference to the context any FOUR of the following:
(i) A voys he hadde as hath a goot
No bread hadde he, ne never sholde have,
As smothe it was as it were late y-shave
(ii) To fifty chosen sylphs, of special note,
We trust th' important charge, the petticoat;
Often have we known that seven-fold fence to fail,
Though stiff with hoops, and armed with ribs of whale;
From a strong line about the silver bound,
And guard the wide circumference around.
(iii) Infernal world! And thou, proundest Hell,
Receive thy new possessor, one who brings
A mind not to be changed by place or time.
(iv) It was no dream; for I lay broad awakening:
But all is turn'd now through my gentleness,
Into a bitter fashion of forsaking.
(v) With eyes cast up unto the maidens' tower

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And easy sighs, such as folk drawn in love;
The stately sallies, the ladies bright of hue,
The dances short, long tales of great delight.
(vi) Than by her shadow, what she wears
O perverse sex, shere none is true,
Because her truth kills me.
(vii) Hast thou not wonderd, Adam, at my stay
Thee I have misst, and thought it long, depriv'd
Thy presence, agonie of love till now.
2. Discuss the main features of Wya 's OR Surrey's poetry. Explain your answer
with reference to their poems in your course.
3. "Chaucer presents a cross sec on of 14th century English society in The
Prologue to the Canterbury Tales". Elaborate.
4. Discuss "The Rape of the Lock" as a social satire.
5. What is Donne's a tude towards women? Discuss in detail with reference to
his love poems in your syllabus.
6. Milton was Satan's party without knowing it. Support or refute the statement.
7. Write a critical note on the following topics:
(i) The Temptation Scene in Book IX of Paradise Lost
(ii) The Character of Knight in The Prologue
Notes Prepared By: Prof. Shahbaz Asghar
11. YEAR 2013
A empt FOUR ques ons in all. Ques on No. 1 is COMPULSORY. Each
question carries 25 marks.
1. Explain with reference to the context any FOUR of the following stanzas.
(i) The wife, where danger or dishonor lurks
Safest and seemliest by her Husband saties,
Who guards her, or with her the worst endures.
(ii) His - spear to equal with the tallest pine
Hewn on Norwegian hills, to the mast
Of some great admirable, were but a wand -
He walked with, to support uneasy steps
Over the burning marle, not like those steps
On heavens's azure; and the torrid clime ...
(iii) That of her hir smylyng was ful simple and coy;
Hire gretteste ooth was but by Seint Loy,
And she was cleped mandame Eglentyne.
(iv) Goe, and catch a falling starre,
Get with child a mandrake roote,
Tell me, where all past years are,
Or who cleft the Divels foot,
Teach me to hear Mermaides singing.
(v) For, that sad moment, when the sylphs withdrew
And Ariel weeping from Belinda's flew
Umbirel, a dusty melancholy spirite,
As ever sullied the fair face of light,
Down to the central earth, his proper scene
Repaired to search the gloomy cave of Spleen.
(vi) The long love that in my though I harbor,
And in mine heart doth keep his residence
Into my face presseth with bold pretence
(vii) Wyatt resteth here, that quick could never rest;
Whose heavenly gifts increased by disdain.
2. How far do you agree that Pope has successfully exploited the mock epic form
to sa rize the fashionable eighteenth century English society in The Rape of the
Lock?
3. How does Chaucer create interest for the modern readers in the 14th century
English characters? Elaborate your answer with reference to at least four of his
characters in the Prologue.
4. How far do your agree to the statement that in Paradise Lost Milton has
justified the ways of God to men? Explain you answer with arguments.
5. Discuss Donne as a metaphysical poet.

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6. Write a note on the plight of rejected lover in Thomas Wyatt.
7. Write a critical note on the following topics:
(i) The Character of Eve
(ii) The Parson
Notes Prepared By: Prof. Shahbaz Asghar
12. YEAR 2014
A empt any FOUR ques ons including Ques on No. 1 which is
COMPULSORY. All questions carry equal marks.
1. Explain with reference to the context any THREE of the following.
(i) Is it possible?
To spy it in any eye
That truth as oft as chance or die,
The truth whereof can any try;
Is it possible?
(ii) The mean diet, not dainty fair;
Wisdom joined with suppleness,
The night discharged of all care
Where wine the wit may not oppress.
(iii) Goe, and cathc a falling starre
Get with child a mandrake roote,
Tell me, where all the past years atre,
Or who cleft the Divels foot.
(iv) All these and more came flocking, but with looks
Downcast and damp, yet such wherein appeared
Obscure some glimpses of joy to have found their Chief
(v) Some secret truths, from learned pride concealed
To maids alone and children are revealed
What though no credit doubting wits may give!
The fair an dinnocent shall still believe.
2. Compare the Summoner with the Clerk in The Prologue to the Canterbury Tales
by Chaucer.
3. Discuss Donne's treatment of women in his poetry. (Donne's Poetry)
4. Discuss the significance of the supernatural machinery in The Rape of the Lock
(Pope's The Rape of the Lock).
5. "Paradise Lost shows Milton as Chris an Humanist using all the resources of
the European literary tradi on that had come down to him --- biblical, classical,
medieval and Renaissance." Discuss. (Milton's Paradise Lost)
6. Compare and contrast Wyatt and Surrey as sonneteers. (Wyatt and Surrey)
7. Write a critical note on the following.
(i) The Wife of Bath
(ii) They Flee From Me
Notes Prepared By: Prof. Shahbaz Asghar
13. YEAR 2015
A empt any FOUR ques ons including Ques on No. 1 which is
COMPULSORY. All questions carry equal marks.
1. Explain with reference to the context any THREE of the following.
(i) And yet he was but esy of dispence;
He kepte that he was in pestilence.
For gold in phisik is a cordial;
Therefore he lovede gold in special
(ii) He spoke; the spirits from the sails descend;
Some, orb in orb, around the nymph extend;
Some third the mazy ringlets of her hair,
With beating hearts the dire events they wait,
Anxious, and trembling for the birth of Fate.
(iii) In Battles feign'd; the better fortitude
Of Pafience and Heroic Martydom
Unsung; or to describe Races and Games
(iv) More subtle than then the parent is
Love must note be, but take a body too,
And therefore what thou wert, and who,
I bid Love aske, and now

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(v) But she that taught me love and suffer pain
My doubtful hop and eke my hot desire
With shamfast look to shadow and refrain
2. In the "Prologue to the Canterbury Tales", Chaucer exhibits an unusual
tolerance of human weakness. Discuss.
3. Discuss Eve's character in the light of Temptation Scene in Book IX.
4. Why is Pope considered a representa ve poet of the 18th century England?
Elaborate your answer with reference to his poem "The Rape of the Lock".
5. Write a detailed note on the theme of love in Wyatt.
6. "Images can be used in two ways, as simile or as metaphor: simile compares,
but metaphor feigns the iden ty of the objects". Is this deni on applica on to
Donne's poems in your course?
7. Write a critical note on the following;
(i) So Cruel Prison
(ii) Imagery in Donne
Notes Prepared By: Prof. Shahbaz Asghar

PAPER II - DRAMA
1. YEAR 2003
A empt any FOUR ques ons including Ques on No. 1 which is
COMPULSORY. All questions carry equal marks.
1. Explain with reference to the context any THREE of the following passages:
(i) O holy majesty of heavenly powers!
May I never see that day. Never!
Rather let me vanish from the race of men
Than know the abomination destined me!
(ii) O thou art fairer than the evening's Star
Clad in the beauty of a thousand Stars,
Brighter art thou than flashing Jupiter...
(iii) Now by heaven,
My blood begins my safer guide to rule;
And passion, having my best judgement collide
Assay to lead the way
(iv) Should a villain say so
The most replenished villain in the world,
He were as much more villain: You my lords
Do but mistake.
(v) Your vanity is ridiculous, your conduct an outrange, and you presence in my
garden u erly absurd. However, you have got to catch the four-ve, and I hope
you will have a pleasant journey home.
2. Greek tragedy is generally believed to be a tragedy of fate. Is this applicable
to Oedipus Rex?
3. "It is a very theological play: Faustus' sin begins with pride and ends in
despair; he chooses evil of his own free will but enslaves his body as well as his
soul to temptation. Discuss this statement in relation of Marlowe's Dr. Faustus.
4. Discuss the tragic aspects of Shakespeare's play Othello. What characteris cs
make the play as one of his great tragedies?
5. It has been said that Shakespeare "lost the light-hearted gaiety of his youth;

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where once he had laughed, he now, in his maturity, smiled pensively not
without melancholy." Discuss this statement in rela on to Shakespeare's play
The Winter's Tale.
6. It is said that Oscar Wilde "Plays are apparently light hearted, but they contain
strong elements of serious feeling in their a ack on a society whose code is
intolerant, but whose intolerance is hypocritical." Discuss.
7. Write comprehensive note on any TWO of the following:
(i) Elizabethan Drama
(ii) Shakespeare as a Universal Poet
(iii) Marlowe's Genius as a Playwright
(iv) Importance of Being Earnest as a Comedy of Mere Merriment
Notes Prepared By: Prof. Shahbaz Asghar
2. YEAR 2004
A empt any FOUR ques ons including Ques on No. 1 which is
COMPULSORY. All questions carry equal marks.
1. Explain with reference to the context any THREE of the following passages:
(i) Had I as many souls as there be stars,
I'd give them all for mephostophilis,
(ii) Be certain what you do sir lest your justice
Prove violence, in the which three great ones suffer
Yourself, your queen, your son.
(iii) And yet I fear you, for you are fated then,
When you eyes roll so: why I should fear, I know not,
Since guiltiness I know not, but yet I feel I fear.
(iv) Ah! Dear friend
Are you faithful even yet, you alone?
Are you still standing near me, you will stay here,
Patient to take care for the blind?
The blind man!
Yet even blind I know who it is attends me,
By the voice's tone-
Though my darkness hide the comforter.
(v) Ah! I believe she is plain. Yes:
I know perfectly well what she is like.
She is one of those dull, intellectual girl one meets all over the place.
Girls who have got large minds and large feet.
I am sure she is more than usually plain, and I expect she is about thirty-nine and
looks it.
2. How far would you agree that the play Dr. Faustus is a compelling drama of
man whose moun ng ambi on inevitably brings about his hellish fall as he
stubbornly rejects repeated advice that his action must lead to damnation?
3. What kinds of insight do you think has Shakespeare given us into the
relationship between parents and children in The Winter's Tale?
4. How far do you agree that whenever Othello trusts his ins nct he is almost
invariably right? Whenever he thinks or fancies himself to be thinking, he is
almost ruinously wrong?
5. In the play The Importance of Being Earnest money is key to survival in the
upper reaches of English society, how far would you agree?
6. Discuss the relationship between man and the gods in Oedipus Rex.
7. Discuss the dramatic significance of the female characters in Othello.
Notes Prepared By: Prof. Shahbaz Asghar
3. YEAR 2005
A empt any FOUR ques ons including Ques on No. 1 which is
COMPULSORY. All questions carry equal marks.
1. Explain with reference to the context any THREE of the following passages:
(i) The God thou serv'st thine own appetite.
Wherein, is fixed the love of Beelzebub.
To him, I'll build an alter and a church
And offer him lukewarm blood of newborn babes.
(ii) Let every man in mankind's Frailty
Consider his last day, and let none
Presume on his good fortune until he find

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Life, at his death, a memory without pain.
(iii) There's some ill plane reigns:
I must be patient till the heavens look
With an aspect more favourable.
(iv) Dangerous conceits, are in their nature poisons
Which ..... with a little act upon the blood
Burn like the mines of sulpher.
(v) It pains me very much to have to speak frankly to you, Lady Brecknell, about
your nephew, but the fact is that I do not approve all of his moral character. I
suspect him of being untruthful.
2. Discuss Marlowe's Faustus as an over reacher, drawing closely on the text.
3. What in your opinion is Oedipus 'hamar a' and what is its relevance to the
play Oedipus Rex.
4. How far would you agree that Shakespeare's Othello is a domestic tragedy?
5. "Shakespeare never did anything ner more serious more evoca ve of his full
powers that his picture of an earthly paradise painted in the form of English
countryside". What factors contribute to this picture of an earthly paradise?
6. In the play Othello I go is not a character of endish intellectual superiority.
He has been used by Shakespeare as a foil for Othello's own weakness. How far
would you agree?
7. The play The Importance of Being Earnest has its philosophy "that we should
treat all the trivial things of life seriously, and all the serious things of life with
sincere and studies triviality". Discuss.
Notes Prepared By: Prof. Shahbaz Asghar
4. YEAR 2006
A empt any FOUR ques ons including Ques on No. 1 which is
COMPULSORY. All questions carry equal marks.
1. Explain with reference to the context any THREE of the following passages:
(i) Ah, Faustus
Now has thou but one bare hour to live;
And then thou must be damn'd
Perpetually!
Stand still, you ever moving spheres of heaven.
That time may cease, and midnight never come.
Fair Nature's eye, rise, rise again, and make
Perpetual day; or let this hour be but
A year, a month, a week, a natural day,
That Faustus may repent and save his soul
(ii) Do not counsel me anymore. This punishment that I
Have laid upon myself is just.
If I had eyes
I do not know how I would bear the sight of my father,
When I come to the house of Death, or my mother, for I
Have sinned against them both
So vilely that I could not make any peace
By strangling my own life.
(iii) I had rather to be a toad
And live upon the vapour of a dungeon
Than keep a corner in the thing I love
For other's uses.
(iv) They call him Doricles; and boasts himself
To have a worthy feeding; but I have it
Upon his won report and I believe it;
He looks like sooth. He says he loves my daughter,
I think so too; for never gaz'd the moon
Upon the water as he'll stand and read
As it were my daughter's eyes and, to be plain,
I think there is not half a kiss to choose
Who loves another best.
(v) Yes, I felt ins nc vely, but I couldn't wait all that me, I hate wai ng even
ve minutes for anybody. It always makes me rather cross. I am not punctual
myself, I know, but I do like punctuality in others, and wai ng, even to be

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married, is quite out of the questions.
2. Do you think that hubris plays a significant part in the fall of Oedipus?
3. Does the speech by the Chorus in the epilogue do jus ce to the character of
Faustus?
4. How does Othello's imagination contribute to his breakdown?
5. Discuss the signicance of language in Oscar Wilde's play 'The Importance of
Being Earnest'.
6. Discuss the play 'The Winter's Tale' as a tragic comedy.
7. Lago is more a catalyst who precipitates destruction that devil who causes it.
Notes Prepared By: Prof. Shahbaz Asghar
5. YEAR 2007
A empt any FOUR ques ons including Ques on No. 1 which is
COMPULSORY. All questions carry equal marks.
1. Explain with reference to the context any THREE of the following passages:
(i) To have been a man they call his mother's husband
Oh accurst! Oh child of evil,
To have entered that wretched bed the self same one!
More primal than sin itself, this fell on me.
(ii) O soul, be changed into little water drops,
And fall into the ocean, ne'er be found!
My God, my God look not so fierce on me!
Adders and serpents, let me breathe a while!
Ugly hell, gape not! Come not Lucifer!
I'll burn my books! Ah-Mephistophillis.
(iii) Whip me, you devils,
From the possession of this heavenly sight.
Blow me about in winds, roast me in sulphur
Wash me in steep-down gulfs of liquid fire,
(iv) I beg pardon for interrupting you, lady Braknell,
But this engagement is quite out of question,
I am Miss Cardews' guardian,
And she cannot marry without my consent until she comes to age.
I absolutely decline to give.
(v) Sir, it is three days since I saw the prince
What is happier affairs may be,
Are to me unknown
But I
Have missingly noted he is of late much retired
From court and less frequent to his princely
Exercises than formerly he hath appeared.
2. Bring out the evil in Iago and explain how he at last betrays himself.
3. What is drama c irony? What instances of drama c irony do you nd in
Oedipus Rex? What do they contribute to the effectiveness of the play?
4. The Importance of Being Earnest by Oscar Wilde "is a trivial comedy for
serious people". How far do you think the statement is applicable?
5. Do you think that if Dr. Faustus had been a character of the present modern
mes, he would have despaired as much as he did in his mes when religious
dogmas were very strong?
6. Discuss the role of the women in The Winter's Tale and their rela onship with
their husbands/lovers.
7. Conspicuously Sophocles never suggests that Oedipus has brought his des ny,
on himself by any 'ungodly pride' hubris or 'tragic aw' Hamar a. Do you think
he is responsible and to what extent.
Notes Prepared By: Prof. Shahbaz Asghar
6. YEAR 2008
A empt any FOUR ques ons including Ques on No. 1 which is
COMPULSORY. All questions carry equal marks.
1. Explain with reference to the context any THREE of the following passages:
(i) At a feast a drunken man maundering in his cups
Cries out that I am not my father's son!
I contained myself that night, though I felt anger
And a sinking heart. The next day I visited

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My father and mother, and questioned them, they stormed,
Calling it all the slanderous rant or a fool,
And this relieved me.
(ii) Thou, old traitor,
I am sorry that by hanging thee I can
But shorten thy life one week. And thou, fresh piece
of excellent witch craft who of force, must know
The royal fool thou cop's't with.
(iii) By heavens, I say my handkerchief in his heart,
And makest me call what I intend to do
A murder, which I thought a sacrifice;
I saw the handkerchief.
(iv) Ay, Faustus, now thou hast no hope of heaven,
Therefore, despair, think only upon hell,
For that must be they mansion, there to dwell.
(v) That does not seem to be a great objection.
Thirty-five is a very attractive age. London.
Society is full of women of a very highest birth.
Who have, of their own free choice, remained
thirty-five for years.
2. The character of Oedipus has historically inspires a combina on of fascina on
and repulsion. How would you account for this.
3. Leontes' jealousy is sudden, fierce and motiveless. Discuss its consequences.
4. Comment on the view that Othello murder Desdemona in honour and love, and
not in hatred.
5. Faustus is a man who through his thirst for knowledge and his desire to go
beyond the accepted wisdom of his time is ultimately destroyed!
6. How does Oscar Wilde portray food as both a weapon and means of
demonstra ng one's power? Discuss three examples from the play to
demonstrate how he uses food.
7. Bring out the role of character and co-incidences in Othello.
Notes Prepared By: Prof. Shahbaz Asghar
7. YEAR 2009
A empt any FOUR ques ons including Ques on No. 1 which is
COMPULSORY. All questions carry equal marks.
1. Explain with reference to the context any THREE of the following:
(i) Forth from thy boards thrust me with all speed.
Set me within some vasty desert where
No mortal voice shall greet me any more.
(ii) Gentlemen, for that I know your friendship is unfeigned,
It is not Faustus' custom to deny
The just request of those that wish him well
You shall behold that peerless dame of Greece.
(iii) Work on,
My medicine, work! Thus credulous fools are caught;
And many worthy and chaste dames even thus,
And guiltless, meet reproach. What, ho! my lord!
My lord, I say! Othello!
(iv) I have considered so much, and with some care; so far that I have eyes under
my service which look upon his reservedness; from which I have this intelligence
that he is seldom from the house of a most homely shepherd; a man, they say,
that from very nothing, and beyond the imagina on of his neighbours, is grown
into an unspeakable estate.
(v) Kindly turn round, sweet child. No, the side view is what I want. Yes, quite as I
expected. There are dis nct social possibili es in your prole. The two week
points in our age are its want of principle and its want of prole. The chin a li le
higher dear, style largely depends on the way the chin is worn. They are worn
very high, just present.
2. The play Oedipus Rex ends leaving our vision of Oedipus as a commanding
figure very much intact. Discuss.
3. How far do you agree that Faustus's behaviour a er he sells his soul hardly
rises to the level of true wickedness.

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4. Iago is considered as 'no great devil' he represents an ordinary, average, li le
man. Express your views.
5. Discuss the role of Divine Interven on in the play 'The Winter's Tale'
especially the miracle scene and the Delphic oracle.
6. Use examples drawn from the play Importance of Being Earnest to show how
Algeron uses aesthetic principles to transform his life into a work of art.
7. Is Desdemona simply a passive fool? Is her virtue tantamount to idiocy? Or can
she be conceived of as strong and even valient. What are your views and why?
Notes Prepared By: Prof. Shahbaz Asghar
8. YEAR 2010
A empt any FOUR ques ons including Ques on No. 1 which is
COMPULSORY. All questions carry equal marks.
1. Explain with reference to the context any THREE of the following passages:
(i) It is the cause, it is the cause, my soul,
Let me not name it to you, you chaste stars!
It is the cause. Yet I'll not shed her blood:
Nor scar that whiter skin of hers than snow
And smooth as monumental alabaster.
Yet she must die, else she'll betray more men.
Put out the light and then put out the light.
(ii) London society is full of women of the highest
Birth who have, no their own free choice,
Remained thirty five for years.
(iii) Forth from the borders thrust me with all speed,
Set me within some vasty desert where
No mortal voice shall greet me any more.
(iv) Thou dearest Perdita.
With these forced thoughts, I prithee, darken not,
The mirth of the feast. Or I'll be thine, my fair,
Or not my father's. For I cannot be
Mine own, nor anything to any, if
I be not thine.
(v) Yea, I will wound Achilles in the heel,
And then return to Hellana for a kiss.
O thou art fairer than the evening air
Clad in the beauty of a thousand stars,
Brighter than thou as flaming jupitar
And none but thou shalt be my Paramour.
2. The play Oedipus by Sophocles is very ironical in that it endorses the theme of
free will as well as predes na on. We eventually come to realize that man is
free and yet he is also fated. What are your views?
3. Do you see Dr. Faustus by Christopher Marlowe as an art from that both
teaches and delights the audience. While simultaneously presen ng a moral.
Cite specific details to support your answer.
4. What is the role of women in The Importance of Being Earnest. How are
mothers represented? What about single/independent women?
5. Why does Othello not inves gate Iago's accusa ons? Why does Othello not
seek his own proof of Desdemona's betrayal?
6. Discuss and analyze Leontes' jealousy. Is it too sudden and poorly mo vated
to be credible?
7. Examine the female characters in the play. Do they share a common role in the
play Othello?
Notes Prepared By: Prof. Shahbaz Asghar
9. YEAR 2011
A empt any FOUR ques ons including Ques on No. 1 which is
COMPULSORY. All questions carry equal marks.
1. Explain with reference to the context any THREE of the following passages:
(i) Yea, what remains to see,
Or what to love, or hear,
With any touch of joy?
Lead me away, my friends, with utmost speed,
Of all men most accursed,

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Most hateful to the Gods.
(ii) Where art thou, Faustus? Wretch, what hast thou done?
Damned art thou, Faustus, damned; despair and die!
Hell calls for right, and with a roaring voice
Says "Faustus come! thine hour is almost come!"
And Faustus now will come to do the right.
(iii) Whilst I remember
Her and her virtues, I cannot forget
My blemishes in them, and so still think of
The wrong I did myself; which was so much,
That heirless it hath made my kingdom and
Destroy'd the sweet'st companion that e'er man
Bred his hopes out of.
(iv) Exploded! Was he the vic m of a revolu onary outrage? Was not aware of
the Mr. Bunbury was interested in social legisla on. If so, he is well punished for
his morbidity.
(v) Here, stand behind this bulk; straight will be come:
Wear thy good rapier bare, and put it home:
Quick, quick; fear nothing; I'll be at thy elbow:
It makes us, or it mars us; think on that,
And fix most firm they resolution.
2. Does it seem fair for Oedipus to call himself "the worst of men"? Why or why
not?
3. Note the appearance of Helen of Troy Sc.12. What role does she play in the
drama of Faustus's damna on? What does her presence suggest about Marlow's
attitude toward women?
4. Explore the character of Desdemona. What does she represent in the play?
5. What possible explana on can we provide for Leontes' sudden onset of
jealousy? Has Leontes completely lost his mind, or is there some strange
"rationale" at work in Leontes's mind?
6. Using three examples drawn from the play, show how algernon uses Wilde's
aesthetic principles to transform his life into a work of art.
7. The Winter's Tale is classied as a romance but some have said that this
classica on is misleading. Do you feel the play should be classied as a
tragedy and, if so, why?
Notes Prepared By: Prof. Shahbaz Asghar
10. YEAR 2012
A empt any FOUR ques ons including Ques on No. 1 which is
COMPULSORY. All questions carry equal marks.
1. Explain with reference to the context any THREE of the following passages:
(i) By the world,
I think my life be honest, and think she is not,
I'll have some proof; my name, that was as fresh
As Dian's Visage, is now begrim'd, and black
As mine own face.
(ii) Accursed Faustus, wretch, what hast thou done?
I do repent, and yet I do despair.
Hell strives with grace for conquest in my breast.
What shall I do shun the shares of death?
(iii) There's some ill planet reigns:
I must be patient till the heavens look
With an aspect more favourable, Good my Lords,
I am not Prove weeping, as our sex
Commonly are, the want of which vain dew
Perchance shall dry your pities.
(iv) True. In ma ers of grave importance, style, not sincerity, is the vital thing.
Mr. Worthing, what explana on can you oer to me for pretending to have
brother? Was it in order that you might have an opportunity of coming up to town
to see me as often as possible.
(v) How dreadful knowledge of the truth can be
When there's No help in truth!
I knew this well,

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But did not act on it!
Else I should not have come.
2. Discuss 'Doctor Faustus' as a morality play.
3. Explore the character of Hermione. How far is she responsible for Leontes'
madness in 'The Winter's Tale'?
4. What are the major thematic concerns in 'Oedipus Rex'?
5. Describe the role of Miss Prism in Oscar Wilde's play 'The Importance of Being
Earnest'.
6. Why do you think the loss of handkerchief has a huge impact on Othello's
mind?
7. Bring out some of the sa rical elements in Oscar Wilde's play 'The Importance
of Being Earnest'.
Notes Prepared By: Prof. Shahbaz Asghar
11. YEAR 2013
A empt FOUR ques ons in all. Ques on No. 1 is COMPULSORY. Each
question carries 25 marks.
1. Explain with reference to the context any THREE of the following passages:
(i) No, in good earnest,
How sometimes nature will betray its folly,
It's tenderness, and make itself a pastime.
To harder bosoms.
(ii) Believe me, I have rather lose any purse
Full of crusades: and but my noble moor
Its true of mind, and made of no such baseness
As jealous creatures are, it were enough
To put him to ill thinking.
(iii) My poor children, I 'know
Why you have come -
I am not ignorant of
What you yearn for,
For I well know that you are ill, and yet,
Sick as you are, there is
Not one of you whose sickness equals mine.
(iv) Gwendolen, it is a terrible thing
For a man to find out suddenly that
All his life he has been speaking nothing
But the truth. Can you forgive me?
(v) I know not that, but such a handkerchief -
I am sure it was your wife;s - did I today
See Cassio wipe his beard with.
2. How is Romance interwoven with Tragedy in 'The Winter's Tale'?
3. 'The Importance of Being Earnest' is a critique of the society. Explain how?
4. Discuss the importance of Creon's character in 'Oedipus Rex'.
5. How far is Doctor Faustus a truly tragic character?
6. Too much of goodness led Desdemona to her tragic ending. Agree/disagree?
7. Discuss the role of fate and freewill in 'Oedipus Rex'.
Notes Prepared By: Prof. Shahbaz Asghar
12. YEAR 2014
A empt any FOUR ques ons including Ques on No. 1 which is
COMPULSORY. All questions carry equal marks.
1. Explain with reference to the context any THREE of the following passages:
(i) "If we say that we have no sin,
We deceive ourselves, and there's no truth in us.
Why then belike we must sin,
And so consequently everlasting death."
(ii) "Nothing will induce me to part with Bunbury, and if you ever get married,
which seems to me extremely problema c, you will be very glad to know
Bunbury. A man who marries without knowing Bunbury has a very tedious me of
it."
(iii) Man of agony .....
That is the only name I have for you,
That, no other --- ever, ever, ever!

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(iv) "Good name in man and woman, dear my lord,
Is the immediate jewel of their souls:
Who steals my purse steals trash; 'tis something, nothing;
'twas mine, 'tis his, and has been slave to thousands;
But he that filches from me my good neame
Robs me of that which not enriches him,
And make me poor indeed."
(v) But whether a mere man can know the truth,
Whether a seer can fathom more than I ....
There is no test, no certain proof
Though matching skill for skill
A man can outstrip a rival. No, not till I see
These charges proved will I side with his accusers .....
Never will I convict my king, never in my heart.
2. Dene Hubris and describe which ac ons of Oedipus and Jocasta demonstrate
Hubris in Oedipus Rex by Sophocles.
3. What is the significance of the last speech in Marlowe's play Dr. Faustus?
4. Do you agree or disagree with the following proposi on: Desdemona's
goodness drove her to her tragic end?
5. Discuss and analyze Leontes' Jealously in Shakespeare's play The Winter's
Tale.
6. Is Cecily a more realis c character that Gwendolen? Why or why not? Discuss
your answer in the light of Oscar Wilde's play The Importance of Being Earnest.
7. "I hate Othello!". Give some insight into the lines spoken by Iago for Othello in
Shakespeare's play Othello.
Notes Prepared By: Prof. Shahbaz Asghar
13. YEAR 2015
A empt any FOUR ques ons including Ques on No. 1 which is
COMPULSORY. All questions carry equal marks.
1. Explain with reference to the context any THREE of the following passages:
(i) I will wear my heart upon sleeve for daws to peck at; I am
not what I am.
(ii) Man of agony .....
That is the only name I have for you,
That, no other ..... ever, ever, ever!
(iii) Hell hath no limits, nor is circumscrib'd in one self place;
But where we are in hell, And where hell is, they must we
Ever be.
(iv) But jealous souls will not be answered so;
They are not ever jealous for the cause,
But jealous for they're jealous. It is monster
Begot upon itself, born on itself.
(v) A sad tale's best for winter: I have on
Of Spirits and goblins
(vi) "I have always been of opinion that a man who desires to get married should
know either everything or nothing."
2. Comment on the theme of "ungodly pollu on" with reference to Sophocles'
play "Oedipus Rex".
3. Discuss Dr. Faustus as a man of Renaissance in Christopher Marlowe's play
"Dr. Faustus".
4. Can you justify Shakespeare's play "Othello" as a tragedy?
5. Discuss and analyze the feminist strains in Shakespeare's play "The Winter's
Tale".
6. Who is your favourite character in Oscar Wilde's play "The Importance of
Being Ernest"? Justify your answer.
7. Iago is the real hero of Shakespeare's play "Othello". Discuss.
Notes Prepared By: Prof. Shahbaz Asghar

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PAPER III - NOVEL
1. YEAR 2003
Attempt any FOUR questions. All questions carry equal marks.
1. Jane Austen has used irony as a part of her narra ve technique. Illustrate this
from her novel Pride and Prejudice.
2. "Among the English novelists, Dickens is neither the most consummate ar st,
nor the nest psychologist, nor the most accomplished realist, nor the most
seduc ve of tale writers; best he is probably the most na onal, the most typical,
and the greatest of them all." How far do you agree with this evalua on of
Dickens work?
3. To what extent do you think are Fate and Chance an integral part of the
tragedy in Hardy's work The Return of the Native?
4. "He is a male Jane Austen, cruder and more expansive, but equally secure in
his knowledge of what he can do, and with the same clear determina on not to
transgress into world which he does not understand". How far does Trollope fall
true to this critical observation of his work?
5. Discuss Adam's educa on and growth to maturity through a process of
suffering; as demonstrated in George Eliot's novel Adam Bede.
6. Of all the novelists that you have read, which one appeals to you the most and
for what literary and artistic reasons.
7. Write critical notes on any TWO of the following subjects:
(i) Novel in Victorian Times
(ii) Hardy's Tragic Vision
(iii) Jane Austen's Position as a Novelist in Modern Times
(iv) Dickens Position as the Greatest Literary Writer of His Times
Notes Prepared By: Prof. Shahbaz Asghar
2. YEAR 2004
Attempt any FOUR questions. All questions carry equal marks.
1. The larger subject in Pride and Prejudice is human nature. Elaborate this with
reference to the two main characters - Darcy and Elizabeth Bennet.
2. How far may Hardy's The Return of the Na ve be described as a study in
disillusionment?
3. Discuss the manner in which Anthony Trollope contextualizes the broad
historical, technological and social concerns of his times in Bar Chester Towers.
4. Write a detailed comment on Anthony Trollope's art of characteriza on in the
light of R.H. Hu on's observa on that ---- 'Everybody in Mr. Trollope is more or
less under pressure swayed lither and thither by opposite a rac ons assailed on
this side and that by the strategy of rivals.'
5. Trace the development of Adam Bede's self-realiza on through a process of
emotional turmoil within him.
6. Discuss the symbolic treatment of La Guillo ne by Dicken's in "A Tale of Two
Cities" to convey the violence and bloodshed of the French Revolution.
7. Write critical notes on any TWO of the following topics:
(i) Nature as a Backdrop in Hardy's Novels
(ii) Jane Austen's Stylistic Technique
(iii) A Tale of Two Cites as Historical Fiction

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(iv) George Eliot's Narrative Technique
Notes Prepared By: Prof. Shahbaz Asghar
3. YEAR 2005
Attempt any FOUR questions. All questions carry equal marks.
1. Faithful observa on, personal detachment and a ne sense of ironic comedy
are among Jane Austen's chief characteristics as a writer.
2. Trollope preferred to describe his characters before showing them in ac on
and some mes his ini al descrip ons of them are more interes ng than their
own subsequent bahaviour. Discuss.
3. The character of Adam Bede is built up from the rm founda on of Na ve
Sagacity and an indomitable sense of justice. Comment.
4. Unlike He y, Adam Bede is a man we are called upon to understand in depth;
where she is static and bewildered, he is evolving and aware.
5. Symbolism leads addi onal meanings to those which are apparent on the
surface. Discuss with special reference to A Tale of Two Cities.
6. Through a series of events over which Clym has very li le control, he come to
feel responsible for the deaths of his mother and wife. Discuss.
7. Write critical notes on any TWO of the following topics:
(i) Jane Austen's Limited Range
(ii) Trollope's Art of Characterization
(iii) Edgon Heath symbolizes the whole cosmic order in which man is but an
insignificant particle
(iv) There was a revolu on in the life of Dickens which corresponds to the
external revolution.
Notes Prepared By: Prof. Shahbaz Asghar
4. YEAR 2006
Attempt any FOUR questions. All questions carry equal marks.
1. Jane Austen was fully alive to her limita ons, as such, she never touched a
character or scene she did not thoroughly knew. Discuss.
2. A Tale of Two Ci es is Dickens' most impersonal novel especially because of
the grand objectivity of historical events with which it deals. Discuss.
3. Mr. Slope is a cunning and ruthless opportunist loyal to none but himself.
Discuss with special reference to Barchester Towers.
4. Clym's blindness is a physical manifesta on, a symbol of his intellectual
obtuseness or social maladjustment. Discuss.
5. Being superior to He y both in years and in experience of the world, Arthur's
responsibility is much greater for the suering and tragedy of poor He y.
Discuss.
6. He y lives simply by the coercive morality of the community and when this is
broken, she is destroyed. Discuss.
7. Write critical notes on any TWO of the following topics:
(i) Jane Austen's Art of Characterization
(ii) The Role of Fate and Destiny in Hardy's Novels
(iii) Symbolism in A Tale of Two Cities
(iv) George Eliot's Art of Narration
Notes Prepared By: Prof. Shahbaz Asghar
5. YEAR 2007
Attempt any FOUR questions. All questions carry equal marks.
1. Irony is the most effective weapon Jane Austen has in her arsenal. Discuss.
2. With her seduc ve charms Signora Neroni loves to put the male roman cism
to shame. Discuss with special reference to Barchester Towers.
3. A Tale of Two Cities is the story of conflict of interests and clash of characters.
Discuss.
4. Hetty is profoundly and eternally selfish. Discuss.
5. Arthur is too weak to follow his own conscience without being forced to do so.
Discuss.
6. Do you agree with Hardy that fate or des ny is indierent and o en hos le to
human happiness?
7. Write critical notes on any TWO of the following topics:
(i) George Eliot's Art of Characterization
(ii) Trollope's Humour and Style
(iii) Jane Austen as a Moralist

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(iv) Tragic Element in A Tale of Two Cities
Notes Prepared By: Prof. Shahbaz Asghar
6. YEAR 2008
Attempt any FOUR questions. All questions carry equal marks.
1. In A Tale of Two Ci es Dickens heightens the underlying meaning of Novel
through his sophisticated use of irony. Discuss.
2. Why is Trollope known as Male Jane Austen? Explain
3. "Hardy's minor characters are grouped together without being fully
individualized". Discuss.
4. Hardy related human disasters to weakness and lack of will. He is not a
fatalist. Discuss.
5. Jane Austen develops and then releases the antagonism between Elizabeth
and Darcy in such a way that they themselves are made to realize the folly of
their pride and their prejudice. Discuss.
6. Adam Bede reects George Eliot's psychological insight into human character
and motives. Discuss.
7. Write critical notes on any TWO of the following topics:
(i) Trollope's Art of Characterization
(ii) Jane Austen's Humour and Style
(iii) George Eliot's Art of Novel Writing
(iv) Autobiographical Element in A Tale of Two Cities
Notes Prepared By: Prof. Shahbaz Asghar
7. YEAR 2009
Attempt any FOUR questions. All questions carry equal marks.
1. The novels are George Eliot are 'organic wholes' in as much as story,
characters and the social environment are well integrated. Do you agree?
Attempt with reference to Adam Bede.
2. Discuss Jane Austen as a moralist with reference to Pride and Prejudice.
3. Critically analyze Trollope's humour and style in Barchester Towers.
4. "Hardy's minor characters are rich in the gathered wisdom of ancient days
have have learnt to endure and accept." Substan ate with reference to Return of
the Native.
5. Show how the French Revolu on and Dickens' own life inuenced the wri ng
of A Tale of Two Cities.
6. "Pride in the main characters, and lack of it in Austen's minor characters is a
major theme in Pride and Prejudice". Substantiate.
7. Write critical notes on any TWO of the following:
(i) The Element of Chance in Hardy's Return of the Native
(ii) George Eliot's Realism in Adam Bede
(iii) Dickens' Humour and Pathos in A Tale of Two Cities
(iv) Jane Austen's Male Characters in Pride and Prejudice
Notes Prepared By: Prof. Shahbaz Asghar
8. YEAR 2010
Attempt any FOUR questions. All questions carry equal marks.
1. "George Eliot's Adam Bede is nothing but Adam's growth to maturity through a
process of suffering". Substantiate.
2. "Pride and Prejudice is simultaneously high comedy, devasta ng sa re and
compassionate panorama". Critically comment.
3. "Trollope's Barchester Towers is a picture of common life enlivened by humour
and sweetened by pathos." Substantiate.
4. Cri cally examine the signicance of Egdon Heath in Thomas Hardy's Return
of the Native.
5. Examine in detail the picaresque elements in Dickens' A Tale of Two Cities.
6. Cri cally evaluate how Jane Austen has integrated social concerns of her age
in Pride and Prejudice.
7. Write critical notes on any TWO of the following:
(i) Revival of Twentieth Century Interest in Trollope
(ii) The Rendering of Male Characters in Jane Austen's Pride and Prejudice
(iii) Hardy's Pessimism
(iv) Dickens' Narrative Style
Notes Prepared By: Prof. Shahbaz Asghar
9. YEAR 2011

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Attempt any FOUR questions. All questions carry equal marks.
1. How far do you think that the ending of George Eliot's Adam Bede is effective?
2. Cri cally examine the events and characters in Jane Austen's Pride and
Prejudice in the light of the title of the novel.
3. Discuss Trollope's presentation of character and setting in Barchester Towers.
4. "The presence of the vast passionless heath puts the human movements into
perspec ve as the senseless hurrying of arts". Discuss with reference to Thomas
Hardy's presentation of Egdon Heath in Return of the Native.
5. Cri cally analyze Dickens' narra ve technique and style in A Tale of Two
Cities.
6. Compare and contrast the Bennet sisters in Jane Austen's Pride and Prejudice.
7. Write critical notes on any TWO of the following:
(i) Hardy's Fatalism
(ii) A Character Sketch of Elizabeth Bennet
(iii) Characterization in Trollope
(iv) Dickens' Humour
Notes Prepared By: Prof. Shahbaz Asghar
10. YEAR 2012
Attempt any FOUR questions. All questions carry equal marks.
1. Trollope's there in Barchester Towers is "The world and the way of the world".
Discuss.
2. Critically analyze the male characters in Jane Austen's Pride and Prejudice.
3. "Of all George Eliot's novels Adam Bede possesses the most clearly
discernible pattern." Elaborate.
4. In A Tale of Two Cites, Dickens revealed some of the horrors of the living
conditions of those times. Substantiate.
5. Discuss the fatalis c elements in Hardy's Return of the Na ve and highlight
other elements of his vision.
6. Egdon Heath is a symbol of an indifferent universe. Do you agree?
7. Write critical notes on any TWO of the following:
(i) Trollope - The True Successor to Fielding
(ii) Jane Austen's Heroine in Pride and Prejudice
(iii) George Eliot's Vision
(iv) Dickens' Narrative Style
Notes Prepared By: Prof. Shahbaz Asghar
11. YEAR 2013
A empt any FOUR ques ons. All ques ons carry equal marks. Summaries
and plot analysis should be avoided.
1. "The major theme of Barchester Towers by Trollope is the ongoing struggle
between the conserva ve and liberal. Discuss with reference to characterisa on
and setting.
2. Through four marriages in Pride and Prejudice, Jane Austen denes good and
bad reason for marriage. Discuss.
3. Would it be per nent to interpret George Eliot's Adam Bede as an a ainment
of a better understanding of life?
4. Death and resurrec on are the major concerns in Dickens' novel "A Tale of
Two Cities". Critically analyse.
5. 'Eustacia Vye is a born roman c of odds with her environment'. Discuss with
reference to Hardy's Return of the Native.
6. Hardy's chief weakness in plot arises from the view of causality. Substan ate
with reference to Return of the Native.
7. Write critical notes on any TWO of the following:
(i) George Eliot's Intimate Knowledge of Country Life and Interests
(ii) Dickens' Novels Live Through His Characterization
(iii) Public and Society Activity in Trollope's Barchester Towers
(iv) Element of Satire in Austen's Pride and Prejudice
Notes Prepared By: Prof. Shahbaz Asghar
12. YEAR 2014
Attempt any FOUR questions. All questions carry equal marks.
1. "The plot of PRIDE AND PREJUDICE has an exactness of structure and
symmetry of form." Discuss.
2. "Though born on the Heath, Eustacia was emotionally alien to it." Comment.

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3. How does Dickens deal with the theme of Death and Resurrec on in A TALE
OF TWO CITIES?
4. "Jane Austen was a moralist of eighteenth century". Do you agree with this
statement.
5. Discuss the signicance of the fact that Trollope's novel BARCHESTER
TOWERS is told from the third person omniscient point of view.
6. Trace the development of Adam Bede's self-realiza on through a process of
emotional turmoil within him.
7. Write critical notes on any TWO of the following:
(i) Methodism in Adam Bede
(ii) Jane Austen's Morality
(iii) Thomas Hardy's Concept of Tragedy
(iv) Objects and Places in Barchester Towers
Notes Prepared By: Prof. Shahbaz Asghar
13. YEAR 2015
Attempt any FOUR questions. All questions carry equal marks.
1. "Jane Austen described life as a matrimonial game". How far do you agree
with this statement based on "Pride and Prejudice"?
2. To what extent is Eustacia Vye responsible for the tragedy in Hardy's "The
Return of the Native"?
3. Describe George Eliot's art of characteriza on with special reference to Adam
Bede.
4. "Power and ambi on are the key-notes in the novel "Barchester Towers". How
far do you agree with this point of view?
5. Discuss "A Tale of Two Cities" as a historical novel.
6. What role do supers ons, pagan culture and fantasy play in Hardy's "The
Return of the Native?
7. Write critical notes on any TWO of the following:
(i) The Role of Nature in Hardy's "The Return of the Native"
(ii) The Role of Women in "Barchester Towers"
(iii) George Eliot's Morality
(iv) Theme of Social Justice in "A Tale of Two Cities"
Notes Prepared By: Prof. Shahbaz Asghar

PAPER IV - PROSE
1. YEAR 2003
Attempt any FOUR questions. All questions carry equal marks.
1. Bacon's pragma sm and worldly wisdom temper his philosophy throughout.
Elaborate.
2. Swi has been charged with misanthropy. Uphold or refute the charge with
concrete evidence from his works, especially, "Gulliver's Travels".
3. What safeguards does Russell suggest against a teacher's becoming a tool in
the hands of governments and how far are they adequate?
4. Write your own view of poetry in the light of Seamus Heaney's views.
5. Write a comprehensive essay on stylistic qualities of Bacon's essays.
6. What, according to Edward Said, is culture and what, imperialism and how
does he relate the two?

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7. Which of the prose writers included in your course is your favourite, and why?
Notes Prepared By: Prof. Shahbaz Asghar
2. YEAR 2004
Attempt any FOUR questions. All questions carry equal marks.
1. Bacon is more a man of the word than a philosopher in his essays. Do you
agree? Illustrate your answer.
2. Poli cal sa re in the rst two parts of Gulliver's Travels is interes ng as well
as instructive. Elaborate.
3. From your reading of Gulliver's Travels what impression have you formed of
Swift's attitude towards mankind? Would you describe him as a misanthrope?
4. Do you think Seamus Heaney has succeeded in making out a good cause in
favour of poetry in this post modern age of ours?
5. Do you think Bertrand Russell's proposal for the establishment of a world
government is desirable, or even tenable?
6. In how many ways have ideas concerned with moral and poli cs, according to
Bertrand Russell, helped mankind?
7. To how many classical English novelists does Edward Said refer in his
introduction to cultural and imperialism; in what context and a what purpose.
Notes Prepared By: Prof. Shahbaz Asghar
3. YEAR 2005
Attempt any FOUR questions. All questions carry equal marks.
1. What idea do you form a Bacon's learning and scholarship and poli cal views
after your study of his essays?
2. "Swi was the greatest sa rist in an age of sa re". Elaborate with special
reference to the first two voyages of "Gulliver's Travels".
3. Reproduce Huxley's basic contention in 'The Education of an Amphibian'.
4. Arm or refute Russell's bid to jus fy the winning of happiness in this raving,
reeling age of ours.
5. Write a detailed note on Strachy as a Biographer. How did he improve upon
this art?
6. Compare and contrast between styles of Bacon and Swift.
7. Make a good case in favour of Huxley as your ideal prose writer.
Notes Prepared By: Prof. Shahbaz Asghar
4. YEAR 2006
Attempt any FOUR questions. All questions carry equal marks.
1. With Bacon does the new ear of English prose start. Elaborate with reference
to his essays.
2. His sa re grows more and more bi er as Swi progresses from book to book
of his 'Gulliver's Travels'. Discuss.
3. Swi devised a prose style that suited his purpose very well. Elaborate with
special reference to his Gulliver's Travels.
4. Can ideas, good or bad, be so effective as Bertrand Russell has claimed? Make
out a case for or against in the light of his 'Unpopular Essays'.
5. How far has Edward Said succeeded in stripping the mask from the ugly face
of Imperialism? Elaborate with special reference to his Introduc on to Culture
and Imperialism
6. Poetry is as much relevant as ever even in this highly industrialized age of
ours. Discuss with reference to Seamus Heaney.
7. Trace the development of English Prose from Bacon to Seamus Heaney.
Notes Prepared By: Prof. Shahbaz Asghar
5. YEAR 2007
Attempt any FOUR questions. All questions carry equal marks.
1. Nowhere is Bacon so fascina ng, so incisive, so personally involved as his 'Of
Studies'. Elaborate.
2. Swi 's Travel to Laputa my or may not be s llbirth but it contains, the same
flair and the same flame as the rest of 'Gulliver's Travels'. Elaborate.
3. Even when theore c and imagina ve, Russell never departs from prac cality
and empiricism. Elaborate with special reference to his Unpopular Essays.
4. What is the main crux of Edward Said's conten on in his introduc on to
'Culture and Imperialism'?
5. Seamus Heaney not only theorizes but also illustrates and substan ates his
contention. Elaborate.

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6. Swi is not a reformer but a demolisher. Discuss with reference to his works,
especially 'Gulliver's Travels'.
7. Russell's views on teaching and educa on have been of immense use down
the years. Elaborate with special reference to his Unpopular Essays.
Notes Prepared By: Prof. Shahbaz Asghar
6. YEAR 2008
Attempt any FOUR questions. All questions carry equal marks.
1. Discuss Bacon as one of the important European philosophers. Produce
evidence from his Essays.
2. What are the literary techniques Swi draws upon to downscale man and his
achievements?
3. What are the prac cal dicul es in employing ideal teachers and how can
they be overcome? Discuss with reference to Russell's 'Unpopular Essays'.
4. What evidence does Edward Said produce to condemn Imperialism as an evil?
5. How does poetry, according to Seamus Heaney, redress social, economic and
cultural ills?
6. Discuss Russell's Essays in terms of their relevance to the development of
human beings in terms of becoming more practical and rational creatures.
7. Write a comprehensive note on Bacon's prose style.
Notes Prepared By: Prof. Shahbaz Asghar
7. YEAR 2009
Attempt any FOUR questions. All questions carry equal marks.
1. Bacon was nothing if not a pragma st who based his ethical prescrip on on a
sound knowledge of human nature. Elaborate.
2. Arguing from your study of 'Gulliver's Travels', discuss Swi as a wounded
moralist who never forgave the world.
3. What according to Bertrand Russel is the necessary connec on between
philosophy and politics?
4. Highlight the main points that Edward Said makes in the introduc on to
'Culture and Imperialism'.
5. Poetry will never become irrelevant. What case does Seamus Heaney make out
in this regard in his 'Redress of Poetry'?
6. Compare and contrast prose styles of Bacon and Swift.
7. Survey the development of English Prose during the eighteenth century.
Notes Prepared By: Prof. Shahbaz Asghar
8. YEAR 2010
Attempt any FOUR questions. All questions carry equal marks.
1. Bacon claimed that he had taken all knowledge to be his province. Uphold or
reject this claim with solid arguments from his essays.
2. How far would the lot of humanity have changed if men had adopted absolute
rationality of Houyhnhnms? Discuss with reference to 'Gulliver's Travels'.
3. Can we check the social, economic and poli cal decline if we succeed in
making our teachers impar al and neutral in the real sense of the word?
Elaborate with reference to Russell's 'Unpopular Essays'.
4. What does Edward Said men when he talks of the domina ng and the
dominated cultures? Is it still the same?
5. Does poetry really balance and counterweight even in the present day world
as claimed by Seamus Heaney in his 'Redress of Poetry'?
6. Write a detailed note on 17th century prose, especially non-fictional.
7. Why is Bacon's prose style called aphoristic?
Notes Prepared By: Prof. Shahbaz Asghar
9. YEAR 2011
Attempt any FOUR questions. All questions carry equal marks.
1. Bacon stands out among English moralists on more counts than one. Elaborate
with special reference to his essays.
2. Produce evidence from Gulliver's Travels, especially Book IV to prove of
disprove that Swift was a misanthrope.
3. Russell was apposed to all obscuran sm, mys cism and dogma sm. How far
has he incorporated this approach in his 'Unpopular Essays'?
4. Can we take 'Redress of Poetry' by Heaney as yet another defense of poetry in
the long row of such books, or is it something dierent, something more
elaborate, something more eloquent?

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5. How powerfully has Said presented the case of colonised na ons in his 'An
Introduction to Culture and Imperialism"?
6. Compare and contrast the prose style of Bacon and Swift.
7. Write a detailed note on 17th century prose touching upon those writers who
are not included in your course.
Notes Prepared By: Prof. Shahbaz Asghar
10. YEAR 2012
Attempt any FOUR questions. All questions carry equal marks.
1. In "Of Marriage and Single Life", Bacon talks of both in favour of married as
well as single life. Discuss the arguments which he gives in favour of married as
well as single life.
2. Would you agree with the opinion that the first three parts of Gulliver's Travels
show Gulliver's degenera on while the fourth part shows his regenera on? Give
evidence from the text to prove or disapprove.
3. Discuss the "The Ideas that have Helped Mankind" as discussed by Russell.
4. According to Heaney, poetry should aim at an "inclusive consciousness". What
examples of such poetry does he include in "The Redress of Poetry"?
5. Explain the central thesis of "Culture and Imperialism".
6. Of all the prose writers included in your syllabus, whom do you like the most?
Give solid reasons for your choice.
7. Do you think that prose is more powerful medium of communica on than
poetry or not?
Notes Prepared By: Prof. Shahbaz Asghar
11. YEAR 2013
Attempt any FOUR questions. All questions carry equal marks.
1. analyze in detail the rela onship between parents and children as discussed
by Francis Bacon.
2. Write a detailed appraisal of Swi 's versa lity as a sa rist as revealed in
Gulliver's Travels.
3. Russell says, "I have spoken of liberty as a good, but it is not absolute good".
Tell why, keeping in mind The Future of Mankind.
4. How does Seamus Heaney prove in The Redress of Poetry that the co-
ordinates of the imagined thing correspond to and allow us to contemplate the
complex burden of our own experience?
5. How does Edward Said prove that imperialism goes beyond poli cal and
economic domination and stays in the most subtle way in culture?
6. Reaching "a great place" and "sustaining a great place" both are dicult.
Discuss with reference to Of Great Place.
7. "Prose is a language of reason, poetry of emo on". Elaborate this statement
with reference to the prose-writers that you have studied so far.
Notes Prepared By: Prof. Shahbaz Asghar
12. YEAR 2014
Attempt any FOUR questions. All questions carry equal marks.
1. Bring out the rationale of Bacon against "Of Superstition".
2. Write a comprehensive note on dierent sa rical devices used by Swi in
Gulliver's Travels.
3. What safeguards does Russell suggest against a teacher becoming a tool in
the hands of government in "Functions of Teacher".
4. Discuss in detail Edward Said's arguments about how culture is used to
promote interests of Imperial Powers.
5. How does Seamus Heaney prove in the essay "The Redress of Poetry" that
poetry brings human existence into a fuller life?
6. What are the benets and drawbacks of rising to a great place? Discuss in
light of Bacon's "Of Great Place".
7. Compare and contrast the stylistic features of Swift and Bacon.
Notes Prepared By: Prof. Shahbaz Asghar
13. YEAR 2015
Attempt any FOUR questions. All questions carry equal marks.
1. A er reading Bacon's essays, do you think that you could trace a philosophy of
life. Discuss with reference to Bacon.
2. A satirist is a perfectionist. Discuss with reference to Swift.
3. Elaborate the ideas that according to Russel have harmed mankind.

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4. How can we resist cultural imperialism in the modern mes. Take Said's
theoretical position and develop your own narrative of resistance.
5. Is it the function of the poet to redress through poetry? What are your views?
6. Which part of the voyage in "Gulliver's Travels" is interesting to you and why?
7. Discuss Russell's prose style.
Notes Prepared By: Prof. Shahbaz Asghar

PAPER V - AMERICAN LITERATURE


1. YEAR 2003
Attempt any FOUR questions. All questions carry equal marks.
1. What is the symbolic significance of the title 'Jazz' by Toni Morrison?
2. Write a critical appreciation of Sylvia Plath's poem The Bee Meeting.
3. Discuss Hemingway's c onal technique with par cular reference to 'For
Whom the Bell Tolls'.
4. What has The Crucible to tell us about the rela onship between the individual
and society?
5. Write a detailed account of some of the themes that are dominant in Adrienne
Rich's poetry.
6. What devices does O'Neill employ in The Mourning Become Electra
(Homecoming) to express his sense of unreal behind what we call reality?
7. Critically analyze ONE of the following.
(i) Richard Wilbur's "Still, Citizen Sparrow"
(ii) John Ashberry's "Melodic Trains"
Keeping in view the theme, language and imagery used by the poet.
Notes Prepared By: Prof. Shahbaz Asghar
2. YEAR 2004
Attempt any FOUR questions. All questions carry equal marks.
1. Discuss the context and signicance of the women characters in Toni
Morrison's novel Jazz.
2. What are some of the dominant features of 20th century American Poetry that
are reected in the work of John Ashbury and Richard Wilbur? Discuss with
reference to the poems you have read.
3. Write a critical appreciation of one of the following poems:
(i) Aunt Jennifer's Tiger by Adrienne Rich
(ii) Poppies in October by Sylvia Plath
4. Mourning Becomes Electra is concerned with the fated family of the mannons.
Discuss.
5. Discuss Robert Jordan as typical Hemingway hero in For Whom the Bell Tolls.
6. Discuss the significance of the title of the play The Crucible by Arthur Miller.
7. Write a detailed account of some of the themes that are dominant in Sylvia
Plath's poems.
Notes Prepared By: Prof. Shahbaz Asghar
3. YEAR 2005
Attempt any FOUR questions. All questions carry equal marks.
1. The novel 'Jazz' by Toni Morrison reects the complexi es of urban life.
Illustrate the statement.
2. Write a comprehensive note on the theme of Feminism as treated by Sylvia

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Plath and Adrienne Rich in their poems.
3. Critically evaluate any ONE of the following poems:
(i) After the last Bulletin by Richard Wilbur
(ii) Melodic Train by John Ashbury
4. In Mourning Becomes Electra pat is synonymous with fate. Elaborate the
statement.
5. Discuss the novel For Whom the Bell Tolls as a cri cal analysis of the
behaviour of human beings under turbulent conditions of war.
6. Do you regard Abigail Williams as a vic m or vamp. Base your arguments on
textual evidence.
7. Discuss the major themes in the poetry of Sylvia Plath.
Notes Prepared By: Prof. Shahbaz Asghar
4. YEAR 2006
Attempt any FOUR questions. All questions carry equal marks.
1. Toni Morrison has used the subject of Jazz music as a metaphor for the ever
changing condi ons of African-American life in the 1920s and as a reec on of
the perpetual human struggle between right and wrong. Elaborate.
2. Sylvia Plath exposes her subjec vity in terms of objec vity. Illustrate the
statement with reference to her poems you have studied.
3. Critically evaluate any ONE of the following poems"
(i) Poppies in October by Sylvia Plath
(ii) The Painter by John Ashbury
4. Discuss the mother and daughter's rela onship in Mourning Becomes Electra
by Eugene O'Neil.
5. Discuss Jordan's rela onship with Maria. Do you nd Maria a convincing
character?
6. John Proctor stands unique amongst Miller's Crea ons not because of any
inherent superiority but because of the intensity of his moral response. Justify it.
7. Discuss the major themes in the poetry of John Ashbury.
Notes Prepared By: Prof. Shahbaz Asghar
5. YEAR 2007
Attempt any FOUR questions. All questions carry equal marks.
1. Critically evaluate any ONE of the following poems:
(i) Marginalia by Richard Wilbur
(ii) Morning Song by Sylvia Plath
2. Describe the main elements of modernity in the poetry of Richard Wilbur.
Elaborate with examples from his poems of your syllabus.
3. Discuss the main themes in the work of John Ashbury.
4. What is the symbolic significance of the title "Jazz" by Toni Morrison?
5. Discuss 'Mourning Becomes Electra' as a tragedy in modern sense.
6. John Proctor stands unique amongst Miller's crea on not because of any
inherent superiority but because of the intensity of his moral response. Justify it.
7. Discuss Robert Jordan as Hemingway's tragic hero.
Notes Prepared By: Prof. Shahbaz Asghar
6. YEAR 2008
Attempt any FOUR questions. All questions carry equal marks.
1. Critically evaluate ONE of the following poems:
(i) Aunt Jennifer's Tigers by Adrienne Rich
(ii) Still Citizen Sparrow by Richard Wilbur
2. How does John Ashbury explores the rela onship between art and reality.
Explain with reference to the poem "The Painter".
3. Discuss the use of imagery in Plath's poetry with reference to the poems you
have read.
4. Joni Morrison weaves mul ple strands of black experience into the narra ve
structure of 'Jazz'. Pick one strand and comment cri cally on its connec on with
the lives of Joe and Violot.
5. Discuss in detail the symbolic signicance of the Mannon Houre in 'Mourning
Becomes Electra'.
6. Explore the roles of Tibute, the Putnams, Reverend Paris and Abigail in terms
of how they trigger and fuel conflict in 'The Crucible'
7. Write a detailed cri cal note on Robert Jordan's character in Hemingway's 'For
Whom the Bell Tolls'.

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Notes Prepared By: Prof. Shahbaz Asghar
7. YEAR 2009
Attempt any FOUR questions. All questions carry equal marks.
1. Critically evaluate ONE of the following poems:
(i) Melodic Train by John Ashbery
(ii) After the Last Bulletin by Richard Wilbur
2. Write a detailed note on the feminist themes in Diving into the Wreck by
Adrienne Rich.
3. Discuss the confessional element in the two Bee Poems by Sylvia Plath.
4. What is the symbolic significance of the title of Jazz (Toni Morrison)
5. Discuss O'Neil as a pioneer in the use of myths on the modern stage with
close reference to the play Mourning Becomes Electra.
6. 'Varied intense drama'. Justify this estimate of Miller's play The Crucible.
7. Can Hemingway be discussed as being sen mentally obsessed with violence.
Discuss with close reference to the novel For Whom the Bell Tolls.
Notes Prepared By: Prof. Shahbaz Asghar
8. YEAR 2010
Attempt any FOUR questions. All questions carry equal marks.
1. The most forceful theme can be conveyed through the images in a poem.
Elaborate with close reference to a least TWO poems from your course.
2. Write a detailed critical note on Final Notation by Adrienne Rich.
3. Critically evaluate the poem Your by Sylvia Plath.
4. Discuss the character and role of Dorcas and Felice. By what particular devices
and effects does Morrison portray them in her novel Jazz?
5. O'Neil's Mourning Becomes Electra is a tragic melodrama of heroic
proportions. Elaborate.
6. Arthur Miller's The Crucible exemplies his conten on that tragedy is possible
in the modern theatre and that its proper hero is the common man. Discuss in
detail.
7. Discuss Jordan's rela onship with Maria in Hemingway's For Whom the Bell
Tolls. Do you find Maria a convincing character?
Notes Prepared By: Prof. Shahbaz Asghar
9. YEAR 2011
Attempt any FOUR questions. All questions carry equal marks.
1. Choose two poems from your course and explain in detail how poets give us a
fresh view of things through the use of poetic language.
2. Write a critical note no Painter by John Ashbury.
3. Critically evaluate the poem Still Citizen Sparrow by Richard Wilbur.
4. Discuss the symbolic significance of the title Jazz by Morrison.
5. What are the main thema c concerns that Miller explores in the play The
Crucible?
6. "A harrowing domes c tragedy, the play oers a clear insight into human
psyche." Discuss with close reference to the play Mourning Becomes Electra.
7. Hemingway has been praised by cri cs for his me culous cra smanship and
drama c understatement. Illustrate these quali es by referring closely to the
novel For Whom the Bell Tolls.
Notes Prepared By: Prof. Shahbaz Asghar
10. YEAR 2012
Attempt any FOUR questions. All questions carry equal marks.
1. Preciseness of expression and vividness of language are features of many
poems. Show by reference to TWO poems the truth of this statement.
2. By referring closely to Rich's poems prescribed in the syllabus discuss which
TWO poems are typical of her poetic attitude?
3. Critically evaluate the poem Ariel by Sylvia Plath.
4. Do you consider Morrison's novel 'Jazz' to be more optimistic than pessimistic?
5. Write a detailed note on the characteriza on technique employed by Miller in
his play "The Crucible".
6. When O'Neil received the Noble Prize for literature in 1936, the ocial
statement honored him as a writer who 'has been successful in interpre ng
universal human experiences in terms of the drama'. Amplify this statement by
referring closely to the play "Mourning Becomes Electra".
7. Discuss Hemingway's novel "For Whom the Bell Tolls" as a study of

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disillusionment.
Notes Prepared By: Prof. Shahbaz Asghar
11. YEAR 2013
Attempt any FOUR questions. All questions carry equal marks.
1. The most forceful theme can be conveyed through the imagery of a poem.
Discuss with close reference to at least two poems from your course.
2. By referring closely to Plath's poems prescribed in the syllabus, discuss which
two poems are typical of her poetic attitude?
3. Write a detailed note on the dominant thema c concern in Adrienne Rich's
poem Final Notation.
4. Discuss the character and role of Violet in the novel Jazz (Morrison). By what
par cular devices and eects is she conveyed? How much sympathy do you have
for her?
5. The freedom which the technique of Expressionism allowed Miller to express
some of his thema c concerns ar s cally is clearly evident in the play The
Crucible. Discuss.
6. "O'Neil's Placing a Greek theme in the middle of the last century has wri en
the most modern of all his plays." Discuss the play Mourning Becomes Electra in
the light of this statement.
7. The book begins and ends with the same image of Robert Jordan lying on the
forest oor. Cri cs a ribute this to the underlying circular nature of the book.
Discuss why Hemingway adopted his technique in For Whom the Bell Tolls.
Notes Prepared By: Prof. Shahbaz Asghar
12. YEAR 2014
Attempt any FOUR questions. All questions carry equal marks.
1. Discuss Richard Wiber as an urban poet with reference to his poems you have
read.
2. Critically evaluate Aunt Jennifer's Tigers by Adrienne Rich.
3. Write a critical appraisal of Sylvia Plath's poem Poppies in October.
4. Analyse the character and role of Joe. Trace in JAZZ by Toni Morrison.
5. "Trial" and "Judgment" act as transmitters of public heat in The Crucible by
Arthur Miller. Discuss.
6. Silence speaks out volumes and drives people mad in Mourning Becomes
Electra by O'Neil. Discuss the statement with due textual support.
7. Earnest Hemingway is famous for his condensed, crisp and journalistic style of
writing. Discuss the narrative techniques he uses in For Whom the Bell Tolls.
Notes Prepared By: Prof. Shahbaz Asghar
13. YEAR 2015
Attempt any FOUR questions. All questions carry equal marks.
1. Write a detailed critical appreciation of the poem "Still Citizen Sparrow" by
Richard Wilbur.
2. What is the main theme of the poem "Aunt Jenifer's Tigers" by Adrienne Rich?
3. Write a critical appraisal of Sylvia Plath's poem "Bee Meeting".
4. "Jazz" is about race and slavery. Comment.
5. "The Crucible" is a play about moral conscience, free will and fate. Discuss.
6. "Mourning Becomes Electra" can be called a modern tragedy. Elucidate.
7. "For Whom the Bell Tolls" is about man's struggle to find meanings in a world
dominated by chaos and disorder.
Notes Prepared By: Prof. Shahbaz Asghar

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