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4/15/2017 UCOEUCSCMath23B/Calculus4(Spring17)Section17.

4Homework

1. CalculateT u, T v,andn(u, v)fortheparameterizedsurface(u, v) = (3u + v, u 6v, 4u)atthepoint


u = 1, v = 6.
(Usesymbolicnotationandfractionswhereneeded.)
T u=( 3 , 1 , 4 ),
T v=( 1 , 6 , 0 ),
n(u, v)=( 24 , 4 , 19 )

2. CalculateT u,T v,andn(u, v)fortheparametrizedsurfaceatthegivenpoint.Thenfindtheequationofthe


tangentplanetothesurfaceatthatpoint.

( )
(u, v) = u 2 v 2, u + v, u v u = 3, v = 2

T u = (2u, 1, 1)

T v = ( 2v, 1, 1)

n = ( 1, 1, 5)

plane x + y + 5z 5 = 0

3. CalculateT u,T v,andn(u, v)fortheparametrizedsurfaceatthegivenpoint.Thenndtheequationofthe


tangentplanetothesurfaceatthatpoint.


(, ) = ( cos sin , sin sin , cos ) = , =
2 3

Tu
( )

,
2 3
= ( 0 ,
3
2
, 0 )

T ( )

,
2 3
1
= ( , 0 ,
2
3
2
)

n ( )
,
2 3

1
4
( 0 , 3 , 3 )

Plane: y + z = 23

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4/15/2017 UCOEUCSCMath23B/Calculus4(Spring17)Section17.4Homework

4.
(
CalculateT u, T v,andn = (r, )fortheparameterizedsurface(r, ) = 4r cos , 2r sin , 1 r 2 atthe )

pointr = 4, = .
4
(Usesymbolicnotationandfractionswhereneeded.)
4 2
T r=( 2 , 2 , 8 ),

16 8
T =( , , 0 ),
2 2
64 128
n(r, )=( 2 , 2 , 32 ).

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4/15/2017 UCOEUCSCMath23B/Calculus4(Spring17)Section17.4Homework

1. CalculateT u, T v,andn(u, v)fortheparameterizedsurface(u, v) = (5u + v, u 4v, 3u)atthepoint


u = 4, v = 4.
(Usesymbolicnotationandfractionswhereneeded.)
T u=( 5 , 1 , 3 ),
T v=( 1 , 4 , 0 ),
n(u, v)=( 12 , 3 , 21 )

SOLUTION

Thetangentvectorsarethefollowingvectors,

d d
Tu = = (5u + v, u 4v, 3u) = (5, 1, 3)
du du

d d
Tv = = (5u + v, u 4v, 3u) = (1, 4, 0)
dv dv

Thenormalisthecrossproduct:

| ||
i j k
n(u, v) = T u T v = 5
1
1
4
3 =
0
1
4
3
0 | | | | |
i
5
1
3
0
j+
5
1 4
1
k

= 12i + 3j 21k = (12, 3, 21)

TheequationoftheplanepassingthroughthepointP:(4, 4) = (24, 12, 12)withthenormalvector


(12, 3, 21)is:

(x 24, y + 12, z 12) (12, 3, 21) = 0


or
12(x 24) + 3(y + 12) 21(z 12) = 0

12x + 3y 21z = 0

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4/15/2017 UCOEUCSCMath23B/Calculus4(Spring17)Section17.4Homework

2. CalculateT u,T v,andn(u, v)fortheparametrizedsurfaceatthegivenpoint.Thenfindtheequationofthe


tangentplanetothesurfaceatthatpoint.

( )
(u, v) = u 2 v 2, u + v, u v u = 2, v = 4

T u = (2u, 1, 1)

T v = ( 2v, 1, 1)

n = ( 1, 2, 6)

plane x 2y + 6z + 12 = 0

SOLUTIONS

Wecomputethetangentvectors:


u ( )
Tu = = u 2 v 2, u + v, u v = (2u, 1, 1)
u


Tv =
v
=
v (u 2
)
v 2, u + v, u v = ( 2v, 1, 1)

ThenormalisthecrossproductofT uandT v.Thatis:

| ||
i j k
n(u, v) = T u T v = 2u 1
2v 1
1 =
1
1
1 1
1
| |
i
2u
2v 1
1
| |
j+
2u
2v 1
1
| k=

= 2i 2(v u)j + 2(u + v)k = 2 1, u v, v + u

Wecomputethetangencypointandthenormaln(u, v)atthispoint:

(
P = (2, 4) = 2 2 4 2, 2 + 4, 2 4 = ( 12, 6, 2))
n(2, 4) = 2( 1, 2, 6)

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TheequationoftheplanepassingthroughthepointP = ( 12, 6, 2)withthenormalvector( 1, 2, 6)is:

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4/15/2017 UCOEUCSCMath23B/Calculus4(Spring17)Section17.4Homework

(x + 12, y 6, z + 2) ( 1, 2, 6) = 0

x + 12 2(y 6) + 6(z + 2) = 0

x 2y + 6z + 12 = 0

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4/15/2017 UCOEUCSCMath23B/Calculus4(Spring17)Section17.4Homework

3. CalculateT u,T v,andn(u, v)fortheparametrizedsurfaceatthegivenpoint.Thenndtheequationofthe


tangentplanetothesurfaceatthatpoint.


(, ) = ( cos sin , sin sin , cos ) = , =
2 3

Tu ( )
,
2 3
= ( 0 ,
3
2
, 0 )

T ( )
,
2 3
1
= ( , 0 ,
2
3
2
)

n
( )
,
2 3

1
4
( 0 , 3 , 3 )

Plane: y + z = 23

SOLUTION

Wecomputethetangentvectors:

d d
T = = ( cos sin , sin sin , cos ) = ( sin sin , cos sin , 0)
d d

d d
T = = ( cos sin , sin sin , cos ) = ( cos cos , sin cos , sin )
d d

Thenormalvectoristhecrossproduct:

| |
i j k
n(, ) = T T = sin sin cos sin 0
cos cos sin cos sin

( ) ( ) (
= cos sin 2 i sin sin 2 j + sin 2 sin cos cos 2 cos sin k )
( ) ( )
= cos sin 2 i sin sin 2 j ( sin cos )k

Thetangencypointandthenormalatthispointare,

P=\Phi\left(\displaystyle{\frac{\pi}{2}},\displaystyle{\frac{\pi}{3}}\right)=\left(
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\,\mathrm{cos}\,\displaystyle{\frac{\pi}{2}}\,\mathrm{sin}\,\displaystyle{\frac{\pi}

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4/15/2017 UCOEUCSCMath23B/Calculus4(Spring17)Section17.4Homework

{3}},\,\mathrm{sin}\,\displaystyle{\frac{\pi}{2}}\,\mathrm{sin}\,\displaystyle{\frac{\pi}
{3}},\,\mathrm{cos}\,\displaystyle{\frac{\pi}{3}}\right)=\left(0,\displaystyle{\frac{\sqrt{3}}
{2}},\displaystyle{\frac{1}{2}}\right)

\boldsymbol{n}\left(\displaystyle{\frac{\pi}{2}},\displaystyle{\frac{\pi}{3}}\right)=
\displaystyle{\frac{3}{4}}\boldsymbol{j}\displaystyle{\frac{\sqrt{3}}{4}}\boldsymbol{k}=
\displaystyle{\frac{1}{4}}\left(0,\$f6,\left[3\right],\sqrt{3}\right)

Theequationoftheplaneorthogonaltothevector\left(0,3,\sqrt{3}\right)andpassingthroughP=\left(
0,\displaystyle{\frac{\sqrt{3}}{2}},\displaystyle{\frac{1}{2}}\right)is:

\left(x,y\displaystyle{\frac{\sqrt{3}}{2}},z\displaystyle{\frac{1}{2}}\right)\\cdotp\left(0,3,\sqrt{3}
\right)=0

or

y\displaystyle{\frac{3\sqrt{3}}{2}}+z\displaystyle{\frac{\sqrt{3}}{2}}=0

y+z=2\sqrt{3}

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4/15/2017 UCOEUCSCMath23B/Calculus4(Spring17)Section17.4Homework

4. Calculate{\boldsymbol{\mathrm{T}}}_{u},\{\boldsymbol{\mathrm{T}}}_{v},and\boldsymbol{
\mathrm{n}}=\left(r,\\theta\right)fortheparameterizedsurface\Phi\left(r,\\theta\right)=\left(
r\,\mathrm{cos}\,\\theta,\r\,\mathrm{sin}\,\\theta,\1r^{2}\right)atthepointr\=\2,\theta
=\displaystyle{\frac{\pi}{4}}.
(Usesymbolicnotationandfractionswhereneeded.)
{\boldsymbol{\mathrm{T}}}_{r}=(\boxed{\begin{array}{lll}\displaystyle{\frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}}
\end{array}},\boxed{\begin{array}{lll}\displaystyle{\frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}}\end{array}},
\boxed{\begin{array}{lll}4\end{array}}),
{\boldsymbol{\mathrm{T}}}_{\theta}=(\boxed{\begin{array}{lll}\displaystyle{\frac{2}{\sqrt{2}}}
\end{array}},\boxed{\begin{array}{lll}\displaystyle{\frac{2}{\sqrt{2}}}\end{array}},
\boxed{\begin{array}{lll}0\end{array}}),
\boldsymbol{\mathrm{n}}\left(r,\theta\right)=(\boxed{\begin{array}{lll}\displaystyle{\frac{8}
{\sqrt{2}}}\end{array}},\boxed{\begin{array}{lll}\displaystyle{\frac{8}{\sqrt{2}}}\end{array}},
\boxed{\begin{array}{lll}2\end{array}}).

SOLUTION

Thetangentvectorsare:
{T}_{r}=\displaystyle{\frac{d\Phi}{dr}}=\displaystyle{\frac{d}{dr}}\left(r\,\mathrm{cos}\,\\theta
,r\,\mathrm{sin}\,\\theta,1r^{2}\right)=\left(\,\mathrm{cos}\,\\theta,\,\mathrm{sin}\,\\theta,2r
\right)=\left(\displaystyle{\frac{\sqrt{2}}{2}},\displaystyle{\frac{\sqrt{2}}{2}},4\right)

{T}_{\theta}=\displaystyle{\frac{d\Phi}{d\theta}}=\displaystyle{\frac{d}{d\theta}}\left(
r\,\mathrm{cos}\,\\theta,r\,\mathrm{sin}\,\\theta,1r^{2}\right)=\left(r\,\mathrm{cos}\,\\theta
,r\,\mathrm{cos}\,\\theta,0\right)=\left(\displaystyle{\frac{2\sqrt{2}}{2}},\displaystyle{\frac{2\sqrt{2}}
{2}},0\right)

Thenormalvectoristhecrossproductof{T}_{r}and{T}_{\theta}.Thatis,

n\left(r,\theta\right)={T}_{r}\times{T}_{\theta}=\left|\begin{array}{r}i&j&k\\\,\mathrm{cos}\,\
\theta&\,\mathrm{sin}\,\\theta&2r\\r\,\mathrm{cos}\,\\theta&r\,\mathrm{cos}\,\\theta&0
\end{array}\right|=\left(2r^{2}\,\mathrm{cos}\,\theta\right)i+\left(2r^{2}\,\mathrm{sin}\,\theta\right)j
+\left(r\,\mathrm{cos\}^{2}\theta+r\,\mathrm{sin\}^{2}\theta\right)k


=\left(2r^{2}\,\mathrm{cos}\,\theta\right)i+\left(2r^{2}\,\mathrm{sin}\,\theta\right)j+rk=r\left(
2r\,\mathrm{cos}\,\theta,t22\,\mathrm{sin}\,\theta,1\right)

=2\left(2\sqrt{2},2\sqrt{2},1\right)=\left(4\sqrt{2},4\sqrt{2},2\right)

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