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Music History 1 Assignment 1

Sean Marantelli
696434

Commissioned by Dutch flautist Ferdinand De Jean, the Allegro Aperto from W.A. Mozarts

Concerto no. 2 in D Major, K. 314 is the first movement, in the second of two flute concertos,

composed by Mozart. These two concerti composed by Mozart have become staple pieces of flute

literature in the flute repertoire, often being set a required work to be performed in competitions

and orchestral auditions around the world. Whilst it is more technically simple than other works that

are held in similar esteem in the flute repertoire, the difficulty of performing this piece comes in

giving a historically informed performance, which is why this work is frequently set as a required

piece in competitions and orchestral auditions. The Allegro Aperto is the first movement of this

concerto, which is in a traditional concerto format, consisting of three movements, two fast paced

movements bookending a slow movement, which is in the sub-dominant key of G Major. The first

movement is also in sonata form, containing an exposition, which is often the part of this concerto

set for auditions, a development section and a recapitulation of the exposition to wrap the

movement up. 1The flute concertos K314 in D Major and K313 in G Major, together with the

andante in C major for flute and orchestra K315, were evidently likewise undertaken for Dejean,

however, De Jean had commissioned Mozart for a total of four flute quartets and three flute

concerti. Mozart, however, only ended up completing three quartets and only one new flute

concerto. This was originally a concerto in C Major for the Oboe, however in an attempt to

complete De Jeans commission requests, he decided to make some minor adjustments to the

already existing work, and transpose it up a tone. As a consequence, Mozart was not paid for the

composition of this Concerto. It was well documented that De Jean and Mozart did not get along,

so much so that 2Mozart abandoned a flute concerto in mid-composition because [De Jean] failed

to pay up. History recognises Mozart to be a prodigiously good musician, whos talents became

palpable at the young age of four. This flute concerto was one of many works composed by

Mozart, who was also equally apt at playing keyboard instruments as he was at composition.

Mozarts works are often considered to have defined and dominated the period of music that is

1 Herman Abert, W.A. Mozart (Germany: 2007), 422.


2 Stuart Sim, The Routledge Companion to Postmodernism (London: 2001), 183.
Music History 1 Assignment 1
Sean Marantelli
696434
considered to be Classicism, and his works encompassed a vast multitude of instrumentations

from full works for Symphony Orchestra, to small solo pieces for keyboard.

Bibliography:

Abert, Herman. W.A. Mozart. Germany, Yale University Press, 2007.

Sim, Stuart. The Routledge Companion to Postmodernism. London: Routledge, 2001.