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# 2(c) Arithmetic Sequence Problem

2(b)Range of values of x.
By analysis we find that a1 = 30 and common difference d = 5.
2x 5
>0 to find the amount paid at the 24th month.
3x + 1
we use the Explicit Formula for Arithmetics Sequence.
2x 5
( 3x + 1) > 0 ( 3x + 1)

a n = a1 + (n 1)d
3x + 1
2x 5 > 0 a24 = 30 + (24 1)5
2x > 5 a24 = 30 + (23)5

5 1 a24 = 30 + 115
x > or 2
2 5 a24 = 145
From the domain we note that x cannot be: To find the sum of money paid up to the 24th month
3x + 1 > 0 we use the series formula for geometric sequence.
3x > 1 n
Sn = ( a1 + an )
1 2
x>
24
3 S 24 = ( 30 + 145 )
2
S 24 = 12(175)

S 24 = \$2,100
or we can also use:
n
4(b) Sn = ( 2a + (n 1)d )
2
Given that : 24
S 24 = ( 2(30) + (24 1)5 )

3 1 2 2
sin = ; cos = , and sin = cos = .
3 2 3 2 4 3 2 S 24 = 12(60 + (23)5)
7 S 24 = 12(175)
Evalute the Exact value of cos .
12 S 24 = \$2,100
7 3 4
cos = cos +
12 12 12

= cos + ; We can use compound angles for cosine.
4 3
cos( A B) = cos AcosB sin A sinB

cos + = cos cos sin sin
4 3 4 3 4 3
2 1 2 3
=
2 2 2 2
2 6
=
4 4
7 2 6
cos =
12 4

## 2(a) 3x2 + 6x 1 expressed as a(x + h)2 + k

3( x2 + 2x) 1
3( x2 + 2x + ___) 1
3( x2 + 2x + (12 )) 1
3(x +1)2 13
note that when we added 1, it really is 13,
therefore to balance the expression we subtract 3.
3(x +1)2 4

## 2(b) 2 x 2 + 3 x 5 0, factors 5 and 2.

2 x2 + 5x 2x 5 0
(2x 2
+ 5 x ) ( 2 x 5 ) 0
x(2 x + 5) 1(2 x + 5) 0
( x 1)( 2 x + 5) 0
( x 1) 0 ( 2 x + 5 ) 0
x 1 2 x -5
5
x
2