You are on page 1of 28

ENROUTE IFR CHARTS

On an End-of-Lesson Test, and as depicted in the chart legends, you will


identify the purpose, contents, and specific items and information for the
following En Route charts:

1. Low Altitude.

2. High Altitude.

3. IFR Area.

En Route Low Altitude Charts are designed to provide aeronautical information for en route
navigation during instrument flight below 18,000 feet MSL

Charts are updated every 56 days.

They are used for navigation in instrument meteorological conditions on an IFR


flight plan below FL180

A wide variety of aeronautical information is depicted on the charts:

VHF airways with distances between intersections and navigational aids


Radio aids to navigation such as VORs, VORTACs, VOR/DMEs, and NDBs, as well as
their postion, identification, and frequencies
Selected airports
Special Use Airspace, Military Training Routes, and related information
Limits of controlled airspace
Minimum en route altitudes and minimum obstruction clearance altitudes
Communication frequencies
Each chart is numbered and prefaced with an L for low altitude.

Each L chart consists of several panels.

The chart scale is listed under the chart number in the corners.
Effective dates shown are identical for charts L-1 through L-36.

The effective date upon which the map can be used for navigation.

The date when the current one can no longer be used, which is also the scheduled
date of the next revision.

L-1 through L-36 are published together, along with the IFR Area Charts which cover
several congested areas.

The Military Training Routes (MTRs) listed are all depicted on the chart, but the effective
altitudes are only found in this table.
MILITARY TRAINING ROUTES
MILITARY TRAINING ROUTES
MILITARY TRAINING ROUTES

NUMBER ALTITUDE RANGE NUMBER ALTITUDE RANGE


IR-105 100 AGL TO 7000 IR-293 100 AGL TO 14000
IR-107 100 AGL TO 10000 IR-310 SURFACE TO 10000
IR-109 100AGL TO 16000 IR-320 100 AGL TO FL230
IR-110 100 AGL TO 15000 IR-409 300 AGL TO 10000
IR-111 100 AGL TO 16000 IR-414 300 AGL TO 11000
IR-112 SURFACE TO 11000 IR-415 300 AGL TO 8000
IR-117 SURFACE TO 4000 IR-416 300 AGL TO 12000
IR-126 SURFACE TO FL200 IR-424 300 AGL TO 11000
IR-145 SURFACE TO 6000 IR-425 500 AGL TO 12000
IR-146 SURFACE TO 6000 IR-500 200 AGL TO FL230
IR-150 200 AGL TO 13000 IR-501 200 AGL TO FL230

ATB19-5

IFR Routes (IRs) are listed first in ascending numerical order, followed by the VFR Routes
(VRs), also in ascending numerical order.

The altitude range of each military route is listed next to the route number.
GEOGRAPHICAL AREA PRESENTATION

GEOGRAPHICAL AREA PRESENTATION

ATB19-6

Map of the U.S. shows the area covered by each Low Altitude Chart.

Major cities are depicted to aid the user in chart selection.

The darkest outlining indicates areas covered by this chart.

A list of all U.S. cities covered by an Area Chart is found in the lower corner.
RESPONSE ITEM

En Route Low Altitude Charts are published every ________.


A. 28 days
B. 56 days
C. 6 months

RESPONSE ITEM

Which statement is true concerning En Route Low Altitude Charts?

A. Areas of mountainous terrain are depicted.


B. Military training route include times of use.
C. There are a total of 36 charts

RESPONSE ITEM

En Route Low Altitude Charts are for use below ________ feet MSL.

A. 18,000
B. 12,500
C. 10,000

The En Route Low Altitude Chart Legend is divided into several major categories of
information, including:

Airports
NAVAIDS and Communication Boxes
Air Traffic Services
Airspace Information
Major category areas are subdivided into sections containing similar types of information.

Some information and graphical data is color-coded for easier identification or to


distinguish between facilities or airspace areas with different operational characteristics.

Various levels of shading are used to make the chart easier to read and allow for quick
recognition of the most important features.

CHART LEGEND
CHART LEGEND

ATB19-10

Contains symbols for airports with and without an approved Instrument Approach Procedure.

Blue and green indicates an approved instrument approach.


Brown indicates no published instrument approach
Civil and military airports, as well as heliports and seaplane bases are shown.

AIRPORTS & SYMBOLS

Airports/Seaplane bases shown in BLUE and GREEN have an approved Low Altitude Instrument Approach
Procedure published. Those in BLUE have an approved DOD Low Altitude Instrument Approach Procedure
and/or DOD RADAR MINIMA published in DOD FLIPS or Alaska Terminal. Airports/Seaplane bases shown
in BROWN do not have a published Instrument Approach Procedure.

LAND
Civil

Civil - Military

Military

H H H Heliport

SEA

Civil

Civil - Military

Military

Airport data includes city name (if different from airport name), airport name, airport location
identifier, field elevation, lighting availability, longest runway length, Automatic Terminal
Information Service (ATIS), and frequency.
Notations are included for private use airports, as well as for airports with Class C and
D Airspace.

Prohibition of Special VFR procedures is indicated by NO SVFR.

A star () indicates part-time status, or availability on request.

When located next to Class C or D Airspace designator

AIRPORTS

1. A solid line box enclosing the airport 4. Pvt - Private use


name indicates FAR 93 Special 5. Associated city names for public airports
Requirements - see Directory/Supplement are shown above or preceding the airport
2. NO SVFR above the airport name name. If airport name and city name are
indicates FAR 91 fixed-wing special VFR the same, only the airport name is shown.
flight is prohibited The airport identifier in parentheses
3. C or D following the airport name follows the airport name. City names for
indicates Class C or Class D Airspace military airports are not shown.

Part-time or established by
NOTAM. See A/G tabulation
CITY NAME for times of operation. In
Airport Airport Name (Arpt ID) D Alaska, see Supplement Alaska
Elevation 280 L 43s
Automatic Terminal (A) 109.8 Longest runway length to
Information Service nearest 100 feet with 70 feet
Part-time Frequency
as the dividing point (add 00)
s indicates soft surface
Lighting Capability:

L Lighting available L Pilot Controlled Lighting


- No lighting available Part-time or on request

RESPONSE ITEM

Airports with approved Instrument Approach Procedures are depicted in the


colors

A. green and brown.


B. brown and blue.
C. blue and green.

RESPONSE ITEM

When included in the airport data, (A) means

A. the airport is surrounded by Class A Airspace.


B. alternate approach minimums are applicable at that airport.
C. Automatic Terminal Information Service (ATIS) is available.

RESPONSE ITEM
A star () in the airport data could be used to indicate

A. part-time status of surrounding airspace


B. pilot-controlled lighting.
C. presence of a rotating beacon on the field.

Compass roses are oriented to magnetic north, with the accompanying data color-coded to
indicate the type of facility.

VHF/UHF data appears in BLACK.


LF/MF data appears in BROWN.

Symbols for various types of NAVAIDs are depicted.

VORTAC, VOR, VOR/DME, and TACAN


NDB, NDB/DME, Compass Locator Beacon

FSS Remote Communication Outlets (RCOs) are represented by a dotted circle.


ILS localizer courses are oriented on the chart so they are aligned with the runway they serve.

NAVAIDs
NAVAIDS
VHF/UHF Data is depicted in BLACK LF/MF Non-directional Radiobeacon
LF/MF Data is depicted in BROWN or Marine Radiobeacon with
magnetic north indicator
COMPASS ROSES
Oriented to
Magnetic North UHF Non-directional Radiobeacon
of NAVAID which
may not be
adjusted to the
charted isogonic NDB/DME
values
Smaller sizes are
used in congested Compass Locator Beacon
areas
Flight Service Station (FSS)
Remote Communications
Outlet (RCO)

VORTAC VOR VOR/DME TACAN ILS Localizer Course with additional


navigation function

Navigation facility communications boxes display the name, frequency, three-letter and Morse
Code identifiers, and related information pertaining to a NAVAID.

Abnormal NAVAID shaded status indicators require a pilot to check for the latest
information.

If the frequency is underlined, the pilot can not receive transmissions from the FSS, but
can receive recorded broadcasts such as HIWAS and TWEBs.

(T) is displayed to indicate a Terminal class NAVAID with a service volume of 25 NM


and 12,000 feet.

HIWAS and TWEB broadcast availability are indicated.


COMMUNICATION BOXES

CHECK NOTAMS ASOS/AWOS - Automated


A
T Surface Observing Station;
PINE BLUFF (T) Automated Weather Observing
116.0 PBF 80(Y) Stations
N3414.81 W9155.57
HIWAS - Hazardous Inflight
H
Weather Advisory Service
VOR with TACAN compatible DME
TWEB - Transcribed Weather
Underline indicates No Voice T Broadcast
Transmitted on this frequency
Enroute weather, when available, is
TACAN channels are without
broadcast on the associated NAVAID
voice but not underlined frequency.
Overprint of affected data Part-time or
indicates Abnormal On-Request
Status, i.e. CHECK
NOTAMS/ DIRECTORY MALVERN
215 MVQ 48 (111.1)
(T) Frequency Protection usable
range at 12,000 AGL - 25 NM NDB with DME
(Y) TACAN must be placed in Y DME channel and paired VHF
mode to receive distance frequency are shown
information WAYPOINT

A shadowed heavy-lined box indicates a Flight Service Station (FSS) associated with the
NAVAID, and the corresponding frequencies are found above the box.

Frequencies listed above thin-lined boxes are remoted to the NAVAID site from the
controlling FSS named under the box.

Some thin-lined boxes depict no FSS frequencies because none are available through
that facility.

Common FSS frequencies are omitted because they are normally available at all FSSs.
(T) Transmit and (R) Receive indicators denote those frequencies on which the FSS
has only that specific capability.
COMMUNICATION BOXES
123.6 122.1R
Certain FSSs provide Local Airport
HARRISON Advisory (LAA) on 123.6. Frequencies
112.5 HRO 72 transmit and receive except those
N3619.10 W9312.80 followed by R or T: R - Receive only
T - Transmit only
FSS Associated with a NAVAID
122.6
123.6 122.65
PINE BLUFF
EL DORADO ELD 116.0 PBF 107
N3414.81 W9155.57
Name and identifier of FSS not Controlling JONESBORO
associated with NAVAID
FSS Name
JONESBORO 122.55
Frequencies positioned above thin line
Remote Communications Outlet (RCO) NAVAID boxes are remoted to the
FSS name and remoted frequency are NAVAID site. Other frequencies at the
shown controlling FSS named are available,
however, altitude and terrain may
SHADOW BOXES indicate Flight Service determine their reception.
Stations (FSS). Frequencies 122.2, 255.4,
and emergency 121.5 and 243.0 are Thin line NAVAID boxes without
normally available at all FSSs and are not frequencies and controlling FSS name
shown. All other frequencies are shown. indicates no FSS frequencies available

RESPONSE ITEM

A frequency which is underlined within a communication box indicates that

A. no HIWAS broadcast is available through that facility.


B. there is no voice transmitted on that frequency.
C. a NOTAM is issued pertaining to an abnormal status situation.

RESPONSE ITEM

A (T) depicted next to the facility name means

A. the facility is temporarily unmonitored.


B. Transcribed Weather Broadcasts are available.
C. the facility is a Terminal class NAVAID.

RESPONSE ITEM

Which of the following is NOT found in a communication box?

A. NAVAID frequency
B. Symbol indicating the availability of ATIS broadcasts
C. Morse Code identification of the NAVAID

Types of airways, airway segments, and related data are indicated by various styles of line
designs, shadings, and labels.
Significant radials, bearings, and mileages, as well as altitudes and fix data of importance to
the pilot are each depicted in a unique location for quick recognition.

Radial/bearing information and DME fix distances aid in intersection identification.

ROUTE DATA

ROUTE DATA

ROUTE DATA Low Altitude RNAV


VHF/UHF Data is depicted in BLACK
T000 Route. GNSS required.
LF/MF Data is depicted in BROWN
Substitute Route
V 4 See NOTAMs
VOR Airway
Unusable Route
A0 LF/MF Airway Segment

Uncontrolled LF/MF Preferred Single


A0 Airway V193 Direction Route
Facility Locators used
A0 A0 Oceanic Route 000.0 NME 00 in formation of
A0 reporting points
A0 ATS Route

ATB19-22

ROUTE DATA
Denotes DME fix (encircled
Radial outbound from 00 mileage shown when not
000 a UHF/VHF NAVAID otherwise obvious)
Bearing inbound to a X X Mileage Breakdown or
000
LF/MF NAVAID Computer Nav Fix
(CNF) (no ATC functions)
Total Mileage between
000 000 Compulsory Reporting Overall Mileage
Points and/or NAVAIDs 000 (Flight Planning and
Military IFR Routes)
Mileage between other
00 00 Reporting Points, NAVAIDs EVEN Direction of Flight
and/or Mileage Breakdown indicator (Canada only)
00
Denotes DME fix (distance VOR Changeover Point
same as airway mileage) giving mileage to
NAVAIDs (Not shown
00 at midpoint location)

Minimum Obstruction Clearance Altitude (MOCA) is the lowest


published altitude in effect between radio fixes on VOR airways, off-airway
routes, or route segments which meets obstacle clearance requirements for
the entire route segment and which assures acceptable navigational signal
coverage only within 25 statute (22 nautical) miles of a VOR.

The MOCA is the altitude preceded by an asterisk.

MOCA

Minimum En Route Altitude (MEA) is the lowest published altitude


between radio fixes which assures acceptable navigational signal coverage
and meets obstacle clearance requirements between those fixes.
MEA

ATB19-25

Maximum Authorized Altitude (MAA) is a published altitude


representing the maximum usable altitude or flight level for an airspace
structure or route segment. It is the highest altitude at which adequate
reception of navigation aid signals is assured.

MAXIMUM AUTHORIZED
ALTITUDE (MAA)
Maximum Authorized Altitude (MAA) is a
published altitude representing the maximum
MAA
usable altitude or flight level for an airspace
structure or route segment. It is the highest altitude
at which adequate reception of navigation aid
signals is assured.

ATB19-26

ATB19-26

Minimum Reception Altitude (MRA) is the lowest altitude at which


an intersection can be determined.

MRA

ATB19-27

Minimum Crossing Altitude (MCA) is the lowest altitude at certain


fixes at which an aircraft must cross when proceeding in the direction of a
higher minimum en route IFR altitude (MEA).

MCA

ATB19-28

Depiction of reporting points differentiates types, and charted holding patterns indicate
direction of turns
Pilots must report over compulsory reporting points when NOT in radar contact.
Identification box for TACAN fixes includes the channel, radial, and distance information for
military users.
REPORTING POINTS AND TACAN FIX DATA
REPORTING POINTS
Compulsory Reporting Point
Non-compulsory Reporting Point
Off-set arrows indicate facility
forming a reporting point (away
from VHF/UHF, toward LF/MF)

Holding Pattern with max. restricted airspeed


210K applies to altitude above
(IAS) 6,000 to and including 14,000
175K applies to all altitudes

TACAN FIX DATA


Ident Chan
NME 00
000/00
Radial from Distance
TACAN from TACAN

Purpose This exercise will give you practice in identifying the meaning of symbols
used on the En Route Low Altitude Chart.

Directions Match the symbol in Column A with the appropriate description or data in
Column B below.

Questions & Question


Column A Column B
Answers #
1. A. Azimuth only
2. B. 3-letter identifier
3. C. Pilot activates the runway lights
4. D. TWEB broadcast available
5. 51
E. DME Fix
71

6. F. Navigation by the military


7. G. NAVAID usable within 25 NM

8. H H. Used within 22 NM of the NAVAID

9. I. Switch to next NAVAID frequency


(T)
10. H J. VORTAC
11. T K. Combined civil/military airport

12. L. Low altitude airway


13. M. Noncompulsory reporting point
14. 2700 N. ILS Localizer Course
15. V7 O. Available part-time or on request
16. P. Ensures NAVAID reception and
obstruction clearance
17. 2100 Q. Substitute routing
18. R. Hazardous weather broadcast
19. S. VOR/DME
20. L T. Helipad

Boundaries of airspace classes are indicated by different colors, shadings, and lines.
Class B, Class C, and Mode C Areas are prominently displayed on the chart.
AIRSPACE INFORMATION - GENERAL
AIRSPACE INFORMATION - GENERAL

AIRSPACE INFORMATION Oceanic Control


Open area (white) indicates controlled Area (CTA)
airspace (Class E); unless otherwise Additional Control
indicated. Area Limit
All airspace 14,500 and above is
controlled (Class E)
Shaded area (brown) indicates
uncontrolled airspace below 14,500
(Class G)
Class B Class C Mode C Area
In Canada-Indicates Airspace Airspace See FAR 91.215
Class B Airspace
above 12,500

ATB19-30

ATB19-30

ARTCC boundaries are depicted on the chart by a notched blue line, and the names of the
adjacent ARTCCs appear along those boundaries.

ARTCC remoted communication site frequencies appear in a box in the general location of
the sectors which use the discrete VHF and UHF frequencies listed.

International Flight Information Region (FIR), international airspace, and time zone
boundaries each have distinct symbology.

Oceanic airspace information and Air Defense Identification Zone (ADIZ) lines are
charted where applicable.
AIRSPACE INFORMATION - BOUNDARIES
AIRSPACE INFORMATION -
BOUNDARIES

12 5
Off Route
Air Route Traffic Control Obstruction
Center (ARTCC) Clearance
Altitudes
NAME ARTCC Remoted Sites (OROCA)
Name with discrete VHF and Example: 12,500 feet
000.0 000.0 UHF frequencies
International Boundary
Flight Information Region (FIR) (omitted when coincident
with ARTCC or FIR)
CTA/FIR Type of Area
MIAMI OCEANIC US/Russia Maritime
Traffic Service
KZMA Boundary
FL 180 Ceiling
GND Floor Area of Enlargement (contains
NY RADIO Call Sign only data for through flights)
129.9 Frequency See Area Charts for complete data
Air Defense Identification Official Time Zone
Zone (ADIZ)
International Date Line

ATB19-31

An OROCA is depicted within each quadrangle on the chart bounded by lines of latitude and
longitude.

Altitude provides obstruction clearance based on the highest known feature (either
terrain or obstructions) to be found within that section of the chart.

1,000-foot buffer in designated nonmountainous areas


2,000-foot buffer in designated mountainous areas

The OROCA does NOT guarantee navigational aid (NAVAID) signal reception or
communications coverage.

The LARGE number represents thousands of feet, and the SMALL number
represents hundreds of feet above Mean Sea Level (MSL).
Prohibited, Restricted, Alert, and Warning Areas are shown within a blue hatched boundary;
Military Operations Areas (MOAs) are confined within a light brown hatched boundary.
Solid lines within a Special Use Airspace (SUA) area depict internal separation within
that area.

AIRSPACE INFORMATION - SPECIAL USE AIRSPACE


P-00 WALL 1 WALL 2
R-000 MOA MOA
A-000
W-000

Line delimits internal


separation of same Special Use Area

P - Prohibited Area A - Alert Area


R - Restricted Area W - Warning Area
MOA - Military Operations Area

In Canada: CYA - Advisory Area


CYR - Restricted Area

SEE AIRSPACE TABULATION


FOR COMPLETE INFORMATION

This section of the Legend lists standards which are common to all data found on the En
Route Low Altitude Chart pertaining to distance, radials, altitudes, and time.

MISCELLANEOUS
ALTIMETER Altimeter Setting Change
1995 Isogonic Line and Value
ALL MILEAGES ARE NAUTICAL
EXCEPT AS NOTED
ALL RADIALS AND BEARINGS
ARE MAGNETIC
ALL ALTITUDES ARE MSL
UNLESS OTHERWISE STATED
ALL TIME IS COORDINATED
UNIVERSAL TIME (UTC)
During periods of Daylight Savings Time (DT)
effective hours will be one hour earlier than
shown. All states observe DT except Arizona
and that portion of Indiana in the Eastern Time
Zone.
North American Datum of 1983 (NAD 83),
for charting purposes is considered equivalent
to World Geodetic System 1984 (WGS 84)
FOR ADDITIONAL SYMBOL INFORMATION
REFER TO THE CHART USERS GUIDE.

RESPONSE ITEM

The OROCA ensures an aircraft of ________ coverage.

A. obstruction clearance, but no NAVAID/communications


B. NAVAID signal reception, but no communications
C. communications coverage, but no NAVAID signal

Military IFR and VFR Military Training Routes (MTRs) are shown by shaded lines
Training accompanied by the route number.
Routes
(MTRs)
MILITARY TRAINING ROUTES (MTRs)
MILITARY TRAINING ROUTES (MTRs)

MTRs 5 NM or less both sides of centerline

IR-000 VR-000

MTRs greater than 5 NM either or both sides of centerline

IR-000 VR-000

Arrow indicates direction of route

See MTR tabulation for altitude range information


All IR and VR MTRs are shown except those VRs at or below 1500 AGL
Caution: Inset charts do not depict MTRs

Cruising The chart contains a drawing of the correct cruising altitudes for IFR,
Altitudes VFR, and ON TOP flights within U.S. controlled airspace.

CRUISING ALTITUDES
CRUISING ALTITUDES - U.S.
IFR within controlled airspace as assigned by ATC

IFR
EVEN IFR
Thousands ODD
Thousands
VFR or
ON TOP VFR or
EVEN ON TOP
Thousands ODD
Plus Thousands
500 Plus
500

VFR above 3000 AGL unless


otherwise authorized by ATC
IFR outside controlled airspace
All courses are magnetic

NOTE ALL COURSES ARE MAGNETIC

Continued on next page


RESPONSE ITEM

Light brown shading indicates the presence of

A. uncontrolled airspace.
B. controlled airspace.
C. a Warning Area.

RESPONSE ITEM

A Mode C Area, which requires an aircraft to have Mode C equipment


onboard, is depicted by

A. solid blue shading inside of a solid blue outline.


B. a hatched blue line around the boundary.
C. a solid blue outline

RESPONSE ITEM

An appropriate IFR altitude for an aircraft on a true heading of 178 is

A. not able to be determined


B. 15,000 feet.
C. 8,000 feet.

CLASS NOTE: AG FREQUENCIES ARE NO LONGER FOUND ON THE ENROUTE LOW


ALTITUDE CHARTS AND ENROUTE HIGH ALTITUDE CHARTS
Special use airspace

Airport locations

Military Operations Areas

Special Use Information pertaining to Special Use Airspace (SUA) within the
Airspace boundaries of the chart are listed on the reverse side of the chart.
(SUA)
Information SUAs are divided into two sections for easier identification.
Prohibited, Restricted, Alert, and Warning Areas are listed in numerical order within each
category of SUA.

SUA information includes the vertical limits, time of use, controlling agency for
each SUA, and the location of the SUA on the chart.

SPECIAL USE AIRSPACE


SPECIAL USE AIRSPACE
P - PROHIBITED, R - RESTRICTED, A - ALERT, W - WARNING AREAS
CANADA: CYA - ADVISORY, CYR - RESTRICTED AREAS
All altitudes are MSL unless otherwise indicated Time - Hours shown are UTC unless otherwise indicated
Days - Sunrise to Sunset except Canada where it means Continuous - 24 hrs a day and/or 7 days a week
1/2 hr before sunrise to 1/2 hour after sunset Mon-Fri - indicates that area is active every day from
Nights - Sunset to Sunrise except Canada where it means Monday through Friday
1/2 hr after sunset to 1/2 hr before sunrise FL - Flight Level
During periods of Daylight Saving Time (DT) effective hours
will be one hour earlier than shown

EFFECTIVE TIMES USED, UTC. CONTROLLING AGENCY PANEL


NUMBER ALTITUDE DAYS HOURS WEATHER A/G CALL LOCATION
P-47 To 4800 (1200 AGL) Cont Cont VFR-IFR No A/G F
R-2401A &B To 30000 Cont*1 Days VFR-IFR ZME CNTR/FSS H
R-2502E UNLTD Cont Cont VFR-IFR FSS/HI-DESERT TRACON A
R-2502N UNLTD Cont Cont VFR-IFR FSS/HI-DESERT TRACON A
R-2505 UNLTD Cont Cont VFR-IFR FSS/HI-DESERT TRACON A
R-2506 To 6000 Mon-Fri Days VFR-IFR FSS/HI-DESERT TRACON A
R-2515 UNLTD Cont Cont VFR-IFR FSS/HI-DESERT TRACON A
R-2524 UNLTD Cont Cont VFR-IFR FSS/HI-DESERT TRACON A
R-2601A To But Not Mon- 1200-0700Z VFR-IFR ZDV CNTR/FSS E
Including 12, 500 Fri*1
R-2601B 12,500 To But Not By NOTAM By NOTAM VFR-IFR ZDV CNTR/FSS E
Including 22,500

*1 - Other Times By NOTAM7


ATB19-40

Military Operations Areas (MOAs) are listed in alphabetical order.

MOA information includes:

Vertical limits
Time of use
Controlling agency for each MOA
Location of the MOA on the chart

MILITARY OPERATIONS AREA

MILITARY OPERATIONS AREAS


MILITARY OPERATIONS AREAS

EFFECTIVE TIMES USED, UTC. CONTROLLING AGENCY PANEL


NUMBER ALTITUDE DAYS HOURS WEATHER A/G CALL LOCATION
ADA EAST 7000*2 Mon-Fri Days VFR-IFR ZKC CNTR/FSS G,H
Ocsnl Sat-Sun By NOTAM
ADA WEST 7000*2 Mon-Fri Days VFR-IFR ZKC CNTR/FSS G
Ocsnl Sat-Sun By NOTAM
AIRBURST A 1500 AGL *2 Tue-Sat*1 Days VFR-IFR ZDV CNTR/FSS E
AIRBURST B 500 AGL *2 Tue-Sat*1 Days VFR-IFR ZDV CNTR/FSS E
AIRBURST C 500 AGL to But Tue-Sat*1 Days VFR-IFR ZDV CNTR/FSS E
Not Including 8,500
AUSTIN 1 200 AGL*2 Mon-Fri*1 1600-0500Z VFR-IFR ZLC CNTR/FSS A,B
AUSTIN 2 200 AGL*2 Mon-Fri*1 1600-0500Z VFR-IFR ZLC CNTR/FSS A,B
BAKERSFIELD 2000 AGL*2 Mon-Fri*1 1400-0600Z VFR-IFR ZLA CNTR/FSS A
BARSTOW 200 AGL*2 Mon-Fri*1 1400-0600Z VFR-IFR FSS/HI-DESERT A
TRACON
BISHOP 200 AGL*2 Mon-Fri*1 1400-0600Z VFR-IFR ZLA CNTR/FSS A
BISON 1000 AGL*2 Mon-Fri & 1430-0730Z VFR-IFR ZKC CNTR/FSS G
One Wkend 1930-2200Z
per Month*1

*1 - Other Times By NOTAM


*2 - To But Not Including FL180

ATB19-41

EFFECTIVE TIMES USED, UTC. CONTROLLING AGENCY PANEL


NUMBER ALTITUDE DAYS HOURS WEATHER A/G CALL LOCATION
P-47 To 4800 (1200 AGL) Cont Cont VFR-IFR No A/G F
R-2401A &B To 30000 Cont*1 Days VFR-IFR ZME CNTR/FSS H
R-2502E UNLTD Cont Cont VFR-IFR FSS/HI-DESERT TRACON A
R-2502N UNLTD Cont Cont VFR-IFR FSS/HI-DESERT TRACON A
R-2505 UNLTD Cont Cont VFR-IFR FSS/HI-DESERT TRACON A
R-2506 To 6000 Mon-Fri Days VFR-IFR FSS/HI-DESERT TRACON A

EFFECTIVE TIMES USED, UTC. CONTROLLING AGENCY PANEL


NUMBER ALTITUDE DAYS HOURS WEATHER A/G CALL LOCATION
ADA 7000*2 Mon-Fri Days VFR-IFR ZKC CNTR/FSS G,H
EAST Ocsnl Sat-Sun By NOTAM
ADA 7000*2 Mon-Fri Days VFR-IFR ZKC CNTR/FSS G
WEST Ocsnl Sat-Sun By NOTAM
AIRBURST A 200 AGL*2 Tue-Sat*1 Days VFR-IFR ZDV CNTR/FSS E
AIRBURST B 200 AGL*2 Tue-Sat*1 Days VFR-IFR ZDV CNTR/FSS E
A
TB19-42

EN ROUTE LOW ALTITUDE CHART EXAMPLE


EN ROUTE LOW ALTITUDE CHART EXAMPLE

ATB19-43
ATB19-43

Note: an (*) before an altitude along a low altitude airway indicates a MOCA
Find the highest depicted MOCA in one area
If no change over point is depicted on an Enroute low altitude chart
BOTH high and low charts have the same symbols
Bolded line communication box is FSS,
MEA
En Route High Altitude Charts provide aeronautical information for en route navigation during
instrument flight at or above 18,000 feet MSL

PUBLICATION INFORMATION

PUBLICATION INFORMATION
H-6 H-5
PANELS PANELS
FGHIJ ABCDE
1 = 20 NM 1 = 20 NM
UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT
FLIGHT INFORMATION PUBLICATION
IFR ENROUTE HIGH ALTITUDE - U.S.
For use at and above 18,000 MSL
EFFECTIVE 0901Z 25 OCT 2007
TO 0901Z 20 DEC 2007
Consult NOTAMS for latest information
PUBLISHED IN ACCORDANCE W ITH INTER-AGENCY AIR CARTOGRAPHIC COMMITTEE
SPECIFICATIONS AND AGREEMENTS APPROVED BY:
DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION

ARTCC three letter idents and HA-EFAS frequencies: Albuquerque ZAB (127.625), Atlanta ZTL (135.475), Boston ZBW (133.925),
Chicago ZAU (134.875), Cleveland ZOB (135.425), Denver ZDV (124.675), Fort Worth ZFW (133.775), Houston ZHU (126.625),
Indianapolis ZID (134.825), Jacksonville ZJX (134.175), Kansas City ZKC (123.625), Los Angeles ZLA (135.9), Memphis ZME (133.675),
Miami ZMA (132.725), Minneapolis ZMP (135.675), New York ZNY (134.725), Oakland ZOA (135.7), Salt Lake City ZLC (133.025),
Seattle ZSE (135.925), Washington ZDC (134.525)

ATB19-44

Published every 56 days, on the same schedule as the En Route Low Altitude Charts.
Chart layout is similar to the En Route Low Altitude Chart, with two geographical areas per
chart, printed on opposite sides.

Each side of the chart is numbered separately (e.g., H-5 on one side, H-6 on the other).
Some overlap exists to aid the pilot in planning and following a route of flight.

Map scale is generally 1 = 20 NM.

Due to smaller scale than the En Route Low Altitude Charts, only 12 charts are needed
to cover the contiguous U.S .

Legend is similar to the En Route Low Altitude Chart, but depicts Jet (J) and RNAV (Q)
routes instead of low altitude airways.
Information pertinent to flight in the high altitude stratum is depicted on the chart:

Jet routes, RNAV routes and distances


Identification and frequencies of radio aids
Airports with at least a 5,000 foot hard-surfaced runway
Time zones
Special Use Airspace and related information
ENROUTE FLIGHT ADVISORY SERVICE)

Information pertaining to Special Use Airspace (SUA) within the boundaries of the chart is
listed on the cover flaps of the En Route High Altitude Chart.
Prohibited, Restricted, and Warning Areas are listed in numerical order within each category of
SUA.

MOAs exist only outside of Class A Airspace and are not listed on En Route High
Altitude Charts.

SUA information includes:

Vertical limits
Time of use
Controlling agency for each SUA
Location of the SUA on the chart

SPECIAL USE AIRSPACE


P - PROHIBITED, R - RESTRICTED, W - WARNING AREAS
CANADA: CYA - ADVISORY, CYR - RESTRICTED AREAS
All altitudes are MSL unless otherwise indicated Continuous - 24 hrs a day and/or 7 days a week
Days - Sunrise to Sunset except Canada where it means Mon-Fri - indicates that area is active every day from
1/2 hr before sunrise to 1/2 hour after sunset Monday through Friday
Nights - Sunset to Sunrise except Canada where it means FL - Flight Level
1/2 hr after sunset to 1/2 hr before sunrise - During periods of Daylight Saving Time (DT)
Time - Hours shown are UTC unless otherwise indicated effective hours will be one hour earlier than shown

EFFECTIVE TIMES USED, UTC. CONTROLLING AGENCY


NUMBER ALTITUDE DAYS HOURS WEATHER A/G CALL PANEL
R-2104D,E 12,000 To FL300 By NOTAM By NOTAM VFR-IFR ZME CNTR/FSS J
R-2104A.B To 30000 Cont*1 Days VFR-IFR ZME CNTR/FSS H
R-2402 To 30000 Cont*1 Days VFR-IFR ZME CNTR/FSS H
R-2601B 12,500 To But Not By NOTAM By NOTAM VFR-IFR ZDV CNTR/FSS A
Including 22,500
R-2601C 22,500 To But Not By NOTAM By NOTAM VFR-IFR ZDV CNTR/FSS A
Including 35000
R-2601D 35000 To But Not By NOTAM By NOTAM VFR-IFR ZDV CNTR/FSS A
Including 60000
R-2915A UNLTD Cont Cont VFR-IFR ZJX CNTR/FSS J
R-3401A To 40000 5/1-9/30 Cont VFR-IFR ZID CNTR/FSS E
Cont
10/1-4/30 1300-0400Z
Tue-Sat *1
R-3403A To 43000 Cont 1130-0500Z VFR-IFR ZID CNTR/FSS E

*1 - Other Times By NOTAM

GEOGRAPHICAL AREA PRESENTATION

GEOGRAPHICAL AREA PRESENTATION

ATB19-46
ATB19-46

Map of the U.S. shows the area covered by each High Altitude chart.

Major cities are depicted to aid the user in chart selection.


Darkest outlining indicates areas covered by this chart
Most symbols and recognition features on the En Route High Altitude Chart Legend are
identical to those found on the En Route Low Altitude Chart.

Airports are depicted using the same color-coding.

Some details and symbols which are only relevant to the low altitude stratum are
omitted.
Only airports with hard-surfaced runways at least 5,000 feet long are shown.
Terminal Air/Ground frequencies are excluded.

City Names (if different from airport name), airport names, and airport location
identifiers are printed next to the airport depiction, but airport data is omitted.

Frequencies, lighting information, elevation, and localizer alignment depictions


are not relevant.

Minimum Obstruction Clearance Altitudes (MOCAs) and Military Training Routes (MTRs)
are not shown.
Minimum En Route Altitudes (MEAs) are shown in MSL altitudes, but only if higher than
18,000.
Maximum Authorized Altitudes (MAAs) are shown in MSL altitudes, but only if lower
than 45,000.
All NAVAIDs shown are H class, unless identified as L or T.

L or T class NAVAIDs located off jet routes are shown in screen black (light
gray).

Morse Code is omitted from the NAVAID frequency boxes.


IDENTIFICATION BOX

IDENTIFICATION BOX

000.0
NAME
000.0 IDT 000
N0000.00
W00000.00
FSS
NAME Name

ATB19-47

ROUTE DATA
ROUTE DATA
VHF/UHF Data is depicted in BLACK Substitute Route
LF/MF Data is depicted in BROWN
RNAV Data is depicted in BLUE Via/bypassing temporarily shutdown NAVAIDS.
See NOTAMs or appropriate publications for
specific information.
J000 Jet Route

R00 R00 Unusable Route Segment


ATS Route
Q00 RNAV Route
A00 A00 Oceanic Route (Not including Q Routes in the Gulf of Mexico)
GNSS and radar monitoring required.
DME/DME RNAV N/A
AR0 AR0 Atlantic Route

Preferred Single
BR0L BR0L Bahama Route J0 Q0 Direction Jet
Route/Q Route

ATB19-48

ROUTE DATA

ROUTE DATA

Minimum Enroute
Altitude (MEA)
MEA-00000 Shown along Routes
when other than 18,000

Maximum Authorized
MAA-00000 Altitude (MAA)
Shown along Routes
when other than 45,000

ATB19-49

Class A Airspace is only depicted on High Altitude Charts (by the open white areas).
Class G Airspace is depicted on High Altitude Charts in brown shading where it
exists above 18,000 feet MSL (beyond 12 nautical miles from the coast of the 48
contiguous states and Alaska).
Jet airways which bypass a NAVAID have a unique depiction

AIRSPACE INFORMATION
AIRSPACE INFORMATION

Open area (white) indicates


controlled airspace (Class A)
Shaded area (brown) indicates
uncontrolled airspace (Class G)

Class A Airspace
That airspace of the United States
and designated offshore airspace
from 18,000 MSL to and including
FL600 excluding the portion south
of Lat 250400N

ATB19-50

EXAMPLE OF GROUPING

EXAMPLE OF GROUPING

Jet Route centerline by-passing


a facility which is not part 4-8
J
of that specific route
0 MEA is established with a gap
4 in navigation signal coverage
0 Holding Pattern
MEA-31000 110
MEA GAP
J126 J126
227 FIXNM 85
Magnetic Reference 0 70 4
23 W AYPT N4951.07
5 117
Bearings W9250.93
Effective Times of 3 8
9 Single Direction Routes 9 3
Q V 0 Holding fixes
1

0 5
05 13 A
1

have coordinate
1

N
3
9

values shown
.6
0
-0
0

Magnetic Reference Bearing will not 3


J

1
8

be shown on joint Jet/RNAV routes 1


0

Water Vignette
Z

ATB19-51

EN ROUTE HIGH ALTITUDE CHART EXAMPLE

ATB19-52

IFR Area Charts furnish terminal data for IFR flight in congested areas.
Large scale provides greater detail than the En Route Low Altitude Charts, generally 1
= 5 to 8 miles.

Each chart has its own scale depending on the amount of detail and congestion
within the depicted area.

PUBLICATION INFORMATION

PUBLICATION INFORMATION
San Francisco Chicago/Milwaukee
Los Angeles Detroit
Denver St Louis
A-2 Minneapolis/St Paul Atlanta
A-1
Dallas/FT Worth Jacksonville
Kansas City UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT Miami
FLIGHT INFORMATION PUBLICATION
IFR AREA CHARTS - U.S.
For use up to but not including 18,000 MSL
HORIZONTAL DATUM: NORTH AMERICAN DATUM OF 1983
EFFECTIVE 0901Z 25 OCT 2007
TO 0901Z 20 DEC 2007
Consult NOTAMS for latest information
PUBLISHED IN ACCORDANCE WITH INTER-AGENCY AIR CARTOGRAPHIC COMMITTEE
SPECIFICATIONS AND AGREEMENTS APPROVED BY:
DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
Consult ENROUTE CHARTS for LEGEND information

ATB19-54

IFR Area Charts do NOT contain a legend, but use the same symbols as are found on the En
Route Low and High Altitude Charts.

Area Charts are published every 56 days, and are bound together with the En
Route Low Altitude Charts

The Area Charts publication has two sides, labeled A-1 and A-2, with multiple charts depicted
on each side, and each chart named for an individual city or city-pair.

Some charts are larger than others due to the number and proximity of busy
airports, distance of feeder fixes from the main airport, or size of the surrounding Class B or C
Airspace

IFR AREA CHART EXAMPLE


Communication information is presented in a similar manner to the En Route Low Altitude
Chart.

Frequencies for airports with approach and departure control services are listed on a
panel of either the A-1 or A-2 side of the map, depending upon which side has the appropriate
chart containing that airport

Each Area Chart heading lists the chart scale and the En Route Low Altitude Charts where the
primary airport can be found.
Airports are listed by Area Chart and in alphabetical order by airport name, along with their
alphanumeric identifier.

Where multiple frequencies are used, they may be listed using several methods:

Approach and Departure Control - by quadrant (South, West), by compass sector (231 -
269), by altitude (271 - 090 below 4000), by aircraft type (TURBO JETS-WEST), or
by the facility providing the service (Fort Lauderdale Approach Control, Miami Departure
Control
Tower - by quadrant (North, South) or runway (9L/27R)

Ground Control - by runway (07-25, 17L-35R) or function (outbound, inbound)

ATIS - by function (arrivals, departures)

Contains other useful frequencies, such as AWOS/ASOS, Pre-taxi, Clearance Delivery, and
Ground Metering.

Includes Class B, C and D Airspace effective times, where applicable.)

A/G VOICE COMMUNICATION

A/G VOICE COMMUNICATIONS


Airports with approach and departure control services are listed below, alphabetically by airport name.
Airports with proper names are listed by last name. A five point star ( ) preceding the ATIS frequency
indicates less-than-continuous or part-time operation frequencies transmit and receive data unless otherwise
noted. An asterisk (*) follows the part-time tower freq remoted to the collocated full-time FSS for use as LAA during
hours the tower is closed. Radials defining sectors are outbound from facility. Chart panel identification letter
is shown to right of listing. For additional communications data, refer to Airport/Facility Directory and/or
DoD FLIP IFR/VFR Supplements.

MIAMI 1 = 6 NM (on chart L-19)


PANEL PANEL
DADE CO-HOMESTEAD REGIONAL, FL (HST) *ATIS 132.275 269.9 D MIAMI INTL, FL (MIA) ATIS 119.15 D
Homestead App/DepCon125.25 317.7 App Con124.85 322.3 (270-089) 120.5 379.9 (090-269) 125.75
Miami AppDep Con125.5 269.575 Twr133.45 295.7 263.025 (270-089) Twr118.3 (270-089) 123.9 (090-269) 256.9
Gnd Con275.8 Clnc Del399.85 Gnd Con127.5 (9R/27L/30) 121.8 (9L/27R/12) 348.6
CLASS D(Continuous) Dep Con125.5 354.1 (090-269) 119.45 290.325 (270-089)
Clnc Del135.35 120.35 VOT 112.0
FORT LAUDERDALE EXECUTIVE, FL (FXE) ATIS 119.85 D
CLASS B(Continuous)
Miami App/Dep Con119.7 306.3 4000 & below
Executive Twr120.9 239.3 Gnd Con121.75 Clnc Del127.95 NORTH PERRY, FL (HWO) ATIS 135.475 D
CLASS D(Continuous) Twr132.1 134.3 254.3 Gnd Con120.45 254.3
Miami App/Dep Con128.6 306.975
FORT LAUDERDALE-HOLLYWOOD INTL, FL (FLL) ATIS 135.0 D
CLASS D(1200-0200Z)
Miami App Con128.6 306.975 (091-270) 133.775 285.6 (271-
090 4000 and above) 118.1 380.2 (271-090 below 4000) OPA LOCKA, FL (OPF) ATIS *125.9 D
Miami Dep Con128.6 306.975 (091-270) 126.05 (271-090 4000 Miami App/Dep Con128.6 306.975 (4000 & blo) Twr120.7 125.6
above) 119.7 306.3 (271-090 below 4000) Fort Lauderdale Twr 118.6 360.8 Gnd Con121.9 336.4 Clnc Del119.2
119.3 120.2 257.8 Gnd Con121.4 121.7 Clnc Del128.4 CLASS D(1200-0200Z)
CLASS C(Continuous)
POMPANO BEACH AIRPARK, FL (PMP) ATIS *120.55 D
KENDALL-TAMIAMI EXECUTIVE, FL (TMB) ATIS 124.0 D Miami App/Dep Con119.7 306.3 (4000 & blo)
Miami App/Dep Con125.5 354.1 Tamiami Twr118.9* 124.9 Twr125.4 Gnd Con121.9
Gnd Con121.7 Clinc Del133.0 CLASS D(1300-0100Z)
CLASS D(1200-0200Z)

ATB19-57

RESPONSE ITEM

The primary purpose of an IFR Area Chart is to furnish

A. visual landmarks for use in congested areas.

B. terminal data for IFR flights.

C. navigation information using a smaller scale than the En Route Low


Altitude Charts.
RESPONSE ITEM

IFR Area Charts are published

A. every 56 days.
B. every 6 months.
C. at the same time as the Terminal Area Charts.

RESPONSE ITEM

An IFR AreaChart displays communications information for airports with

A. approach and departure control services


B. a hard-surfaced runway at least 5,000 feet long.
C. an approved low altitude instrument approach procedure.