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AIRCRAFT HARDWARE

1. Aircraft harware includes various types of fasteners and misc items used in repair and
manufacture of aircraft.

2. Safe and efficient operation of ac is dependent upon the correct selecion of ac hardware.

3. Most items of ac hardware are identified by AN (Airforce-Navy), NAS (National aircraft


standards) or MS (Military standards).

4. Bolts and screws are type of fastening devices that give the required security of attachment and
rigidity.

5. Bolts are used where great strength is required and screw are used where strength is not the
deciding factor.

6. Extreme care and caution must be used in selecting substitutes for a/c afsteners.

7. Diff between bolt and screw.

BOLT SCREW
1. Threaded end is always blunt. Either blunt or pointed
2.Nut is screwed to compleate the assy Fits into a female receptacle
3.Has short threaded section and a long grip Has long threaded section and no clearly defined
length. grip length.
4.Head of the bolt may or may not be designed Screw is always tightened by turning its head.
for turning

8. The classification of ac bolts,screws and nut threads are as follows:-

- NC (American National Coarse)

- NF (American National Fine)


- UNC( American standard unified coarse)
- UNF (American standard unified Fine)9. The difference between NF series and UNF
series is that in 1 inch size,the NF thread has 14 threads per inch and in UNF thread has 12 threads per
inch.

10. Class 1 fit- loose fit, Class 2 fit- free fit, Class 3 fit medium fit , Class 4 fit- close fit, Class 5 fit
tight fit.

SCREW

1. Headless grub screws are installed by

(a) allen key

(b) Special type of ratchet spanner

(c) Suitable screw driver

(d) Special tool

2. How will you removed the screw

(a) by welding (b) drill the head

(c) both A & B (d) None

3. Grub screw is used for

(a) locking threaded fasterners

(b) by soldering it is locked

(c) locked by peening


(d) both a & c

4. A hole is corroded which cannot be removed, is repaired by


a. Scrap out the part
b. Helicoil
c. Acres sleeve
d. Use special washer

5. A grub screw is a
a) Headless type set screw
b) Cap screw with fine threads
c) Machine screw with flat countersunk head
d) Cylindrical piece threaded at both ends and is plain in the middle

6. Grub screws are used for

a. Locking the bolt

b. Locking the nut

c. Locking two threaded components

d. To stop end movement of piston

BOLT

1. A/c bolts are almost always manufactured with


(a) Class-1 fit of thread b) Class-2 fit of thread
(c) Class-3 fit of thread(121) d) Class-4 fit of thread

3. A bolt should be installed

(a) upward and downward (b) upward, top & forward(8-21)

(c) downward & forward (d) down ward & rearward


5. Clevis bolt used in fork end of cable fitting

(a) AN-CRS bolts (b) NAS-CRS bolts

(c) --- (d) --

6. Lock bolt which indicates flat head is

(a) ALPP (b) ALPB (c) ACST (d) ALSF(125)

7. Identify the bolt figure

(a) 12 point bolt

(b) 12 point drilled bolt

(c) 12 point extender washer bolt (cup washer locked)

(d) 1 double hexagon head bolt

8. Internal wrenching bolt takes

(a) shear load (b) tension load

(c) both shear & tension load(123) (d) none

9. Clevis bolt is used for

(a) shear load(123) (b) tension load

(c) both shear & tension load (d) none

10. Stump type lock bolt is driven with the help of

(a) pneumatic pulling gun

(b) special driving tool

(c) pneumatic riveting hammer and bucking bar(124)


(d) all

11. Finished threads on bolt is checked by

(a) screw pitch gauge (b) ring thread gauge

(c) filler gauge (d) All

12 The numbering system (ALPPHT 88) for

(a) blind type lock bolt (b) pull type lock bolt(125)

(c) stump type lock bolt (d) none

13. One dash on bolt head indicates

(a) CRS bolt (b) NAS close tolerance bolt

(c) AN standard steel bolt(corrosion resistant) (122) (d) None

14. Close tolerance bolt is identified by

(a) triangle marking on head

(b) crossed triangle marking on head

(c) circle marking on head

(d) triangle on head with plus marking on head

17. Where is an AN- clevis bolt used

(a) for tension and shear load condones

(b) where external tension load are applied

(c) only for shear load application(123)

(d) Only for taking radial loads


18. When bolts and rivets are used to joint the metal sheets then both should be protected from
corrosion by

(a) applying grease on both

(b) By plating bolt and rivets

(c) By painting bolt and rivets

(d) They must be placed separately approximately, two times then the thickness of the metal
being joint.

19. Close tolerance bolts

(a) can be used in machined parts

(b) corrosion resistance area

(c) tight fit is permissible(123)

(d) bolt will be moved into position when struck with 12 to 14 ounce hammer

(e) both c & d

20. Identify the given bolt :-

(a) Close tolerance bolt used with grease coating.

21. Identify the given marking :-

(a) Reworked Bolt

23. When safety-wiring the widely spaced bolts the max number of bolts in a series that can be safety
wired is-
(i) 6 (ii) 3 (146)

(iii) 24 (iv) 12

24. One Difference b/w the bolt and the screw is:

(i) Bolt has a fairly short threaded section and comparatively longer grip length

(ii) Screws has a longer threaded portion and may have no clearly defined grip length

(iii) Screws has grip length

(iv) Both (i) and (ii) are correct (121)

25. M.T.C.S

(i) AN-3 & AN-73 series bolts are inter changeable

(ii) AN hex head bolts and internal wrenching bolts are interchangeable

(iii) AN hex head bolts and internal wrenching bolts are not inter changeable as they do not
have the required strength.

(iv) Both (i) and (iii) (123)

26. An astrix mark on the head of the bolt indicates

(i) bolts material is 2330

(ii) bolts material is 2017

(iii) Special purpose(122)

( note that clevis bolt, eye bolt , Jo bolt and lock bolt are special purpose bolt)
(iv) Corrosion resistant steel

27. Mark the correct statement

(i) lock bolts combines the features of a high strength bolt and rivet(124)

(ii) Used in structural attachment (used in major structural attachements)

(iii) Lock bolts are pull type, press type, stump type and blind type

(iv) (ii) & (iii) both are correct

28. Mark the correct answer

(i) Eye bolt is used under shear loads

(ii) Eye bolt is used under external tension load only

(iii) Eye bolt is used for attachment of such devices as fork of a turn buckle, a clevis or a
cable shackle (123)

29. Alloy steel bolts smaller than No.10-32 and AL alloy bolts smaller than inch diameter are not
used in

(i) Primary Aircraft Structure(123)

(ii) Secondary aircraft structure

(iii) Tertiary Aircraft structure

(iv) In any of the above structure

30. When Internal wrenching bolts are used is steel parts, the bolt hole must be
(i) Spot faced

(ii) Counter bored

(iii) Slightly counter sunk

(iv) Slightly counter sunk to seat the large corner radius of the shank at the head (123).

31. Jo-bolts are used to areas which are not often subjected to:

(i) Tensile load

(ii) Replacement or servicing

(iii) As in (ii) and it is blind rivet(124)

(iv) As in (i) and may be used in torsion load

32. When removal of lock bolt becomes necessary, remove the collar by

(i) Drilling with one size small drill than the lock bolt size

(ii) Splitting it axially

(iii) As in (ii) with a sharp cold chisel(126)

(iv) Chiseling the head of a lock bolt

33. Jo-Bolt is

(i) Three piece internally threaded rivet

(ii) High shear and tensile strength makes it suitable for use in cases of high stresses.(124)

(iii) Resistance to vibration, weight saving and fast installation

(iii) Not a bolt but solid rivet


34. DZUS fastener has

(i) Al alloy stud, steel alloy grommet

(ii) It is type of turnlock fastener which is used to secure plates, doors and other removable
panels.

(iii) Steel alloy stud and al alloy grommet(141)

(iii) Steel alloy stud and rubber grommet

35. The class of fit required for a tight drive fit is

(a) Class-1 (b) Class-2

(c) Class-3 (d) Class-5(8-16)

38. Aircraft bolts with a cross or asterisk marked on the bolthead are

(i) made of aluminum alloy (ii) close tolerance bolts

(iii) AN standard steel bolts (122) (iv) stainless steel bolts

39. Which statement regarding aircraft bolts is correct ?

(i) AL alloy bolts smaller than -inch diameter should not be used in primary structure
(123)

(ii) When tightening castellated nuts or drilled bolts, if the cotter pin holes do no line up, it is
permissible to tighten the nut up to 10 percent over recommended torque to permit alignment of
the next slot with the cotter pin hole

(iii) In general, bolt grip lengths should equal to material thickness(8-20)

(iv) None of the above


40. Which statement is true regarding Jo-bolts

(i) It is a tradename for an internally threaded rivet

(ii) It is a tradename for an externally threaded rivet

(iii) As in (ii) and it consists of three parts, and it is available in three head styles

(iv) As in (i) and available in four diameters( 3/16, 4/16, 5/16, 6/16)(124)

41. Which statement is true regarding lock bolts

(i) Pull type lock bolts are used mainly in aircraft primary structures and secondary
structures.

(ii) Stump type lock bolts are used where clearance will not permit the installation of a pull
type lock bolt

(iii) Blind type lock bolts are used where only one side of the work is accessible

(iv) All(124)

42. Lock bolts are more easily and quickly installed than the conventional rivets or bolts and
eliminate the use of

(i) Lock washers and cotter pins (124)

(ii) Safety wire and dzus fastener

(iii) Pinning and burning

(iv) None of the above

43. When safety wiring closely spaced bolts the number that can be safely wired
(i) group of five bolts

(ii) Group of three should be the max number in a series

(iii) by a 24 length of wire is the maximum in a series(146)

(iv) None of the above

44. Mark the correct answer

(i) Eye bolt is used under shear loads

(ii) Eye bolt is used under Tension load only

(iii) Eye bold is used for attachment of such devices as fork of turn buckle, a clevis or a cable
shackle

(iv) 2 & 3 are correct(123)

46. When tightening nuts on bolts, cotter pin hole may not align with the nut slot in case of highly
stressed engine parts

(i) The nut may be over tightened to align the hole and slot

(ii) The nut may be under tightened to align the hole and slot

(iii) Nut may be turned in clock wise direction

(iv) None of the above

47. AN-186

(i) It is closed tolerance bolt(123)

(ii) As in (i) and dia is 3/8

(iii) It is drilled head bolt and dia is 3/8

(iv) As in 3 and dia is 6/16


(v) As in (i) and dia is 11/4 and length is 3/4
48. MS 20073

(i) It is close tolerance bolt (ii) It is drilled head engine bolt

(iii) As in (ii) and dia is 3/16 (8-19) (iv) It is an eye bolt and dia is 3/8

49. Decode AN-31-32

(i) AN standard clevis bolt

(ii) An standard clevis bolt with dia. of 1/16 & length is 2(8-20)

(iii) AN standard clevis bolt dia is 1/6 material is Nickle alloy and length is 31/4

(iv) As in (i) and dia is 11/4 and length is 3/4

51. Dzus fastener to be locked by a

(i) One complete turn clock wise (ii) turn clockwise

(iii) Quarter turn clockwise(141)

(iv) As in (iii) and locked with locking wire

52. Dzus fastener stud length is measured in :

(i) 1/16 of an inch (ii) 1/3th of an inch

(iii) 1/64 of an inch (iv) In hundredths of an inch

53. Hi-tigue fasteners is used in


(i) Close tolerance fit (ii) Loose fit

(iii) Interference fit

54. Hi-tigue fastenersis used for

(i) Encircle the bottom of its shank

(ii) Bead preloads the hole it fills(8-13)

(iii) Used in interference fit

(iv) All

BOLT(QB)

1. Bolt can be identified


a) by material b) by method of securing
c) a) & shape of head d) all of the above (123)

2. The head marking on bolt indicate


(a) bolt material
(b) name of manufacturer
(c) a), b) & whether bolt is a standard type or special purpose bolt.
d) (a) & (b) are correct

6. Grip length of the bolt is

a) Total length of the bolt

b) Plain shank length of the bolt(8-17)

c) Length under the head to the end of the bolt

d) None of these

7. Aircraft bolts are made of


a) Mild steel
b) Stainless steel
c) Aluminum alloy
d) Cadmium or Zinc plated corrosion resistant steel, unplated corrosion resistance steel and
anodised aluminum alloy(122)

8. Which statement is correct?

a) Al-alloy bolt smaller than mm diameter are not used in primary structure
b) Al-alloy bolts and nuts are used where they will be
repeatedly removed for purpose of maintenance and inspection
c) Both are correct

d) None of these(123)

10. During installation of Jo-bolt

a) The nut is turned while the bolt is held


b) The bolt is turned while the nut is held(124)
c) Bolt are turned at the same time

d) None of these

11. The lock bolt combines the features of a

a) High strength bolt and nut


b) High strength bolt and rivet(124)
c) High strength bolt, rivet and nut

d) None of these

12. Blind type lock bolts are

a) Used where only one side of the work is accessible


b) As a) & they have exceptional strength

c) As b) & sheet pull together characteristic

d) As c) & where it is difficult to drive a conventional rivet(124)

13. How is a clevis bolt used with a fork-end cable terminal recurred?

a) With a shear nut tightened to a snug fit with no strain


imposed on the fork and safetied with a cotter pin.
b) With a castle nut tightened until slight binding occurs
between the fork and the fitting to which it is being attached.
c) With a shear nut and cotter pin or a thin self-locking nut
tightened enough to prevent rotation of the bolt in the fork
d) None of these

14. Clevis bolt are used for


(a) Tension load b) Tension & shear load
(c) Shear load d) None

15. Where shear load is taken by the bolt, the nut used is

a) Plain nut b) Castle nut

c) Castellated shear nut d) Self locking nut

16. In hex bolt, the length is measured


a) Under the head to the end of the bolt(8-17)
b) Plain portion of the shank
c) Total length
d) Threaded length

17. Raised countersunk heads bolt nominal length is measured from

a. Under the head to the tip


b. Total length of the bolt
c. Threaded length
d. Distance from upper surface of the head (excluding the raised portion) to the extreme end of
shank

18. Bolt head is of

a Steel b. Corrosion resistant steel(122)


c. Al. Alloy d. Brass

19. Bolt head is of

a. Steel b. Al. Alloy

c. C.R.S. close tolerance(122) d. Al. Alloy close tolerance


20. Which of the bolt head code marking shown identifies a internal hex head bolt?

a) b) c)

1) a 2) b (122) 3) c 4) none

22. Eye bolt is used


a. where internal tension load is applied.
b. head is slotted to received common screw driver.
c. used for external tension load(123).
d. both b) & c) are correct.

23. Mark the correct statement.


(a) where, there is not much clearance, stump type lock bolt is used.
(b) alloy steel lock bolt may be used to replace steel Hi-shear rivets.
(c) as in b) provided the diameter and head is similar.
(d) both a) & c) are correct.

24. Bolt of class 4 fit is

a) Loose fit b) Free fit

c) Close fit(121) d) Tight fit

30. The hardware pre-lubricated & must not be degreased before assembly is/are
a) Jo-bolt
b) Avdelok Fastener
c) Both a) & b) are correct
d) Huck mechanical lock rivet
31. AN-73 drilled head bolt is similar to the

a) Close tolerance bolt b) Special bolt


c) Standard hex-bolt(123) d) All of these

32. 10 KB 105

a) Flat head b) Flat head & countersunk

c) Countersunk d) None

33. 10 KB 107

a) Closed end and a key b) Flat head

c) As a and countersunk head d) None

34. AN 10 DH5A where H indicate

a) 5/8 diameter head drilled

b) 5/8 diameter head and shank drilled

c) 5/8 diameter & shank drilled

d) None

35. The AN-3 to AN-20 (hex head a/c bolt) is


a) General purpose bolt(122) b) Close tolerance bolt
c) Internal wrenching bolt d) Special purpose bolt

37. For a bolt, part no. AN3DD5A indicates


a) bolt is drilled for saftying
b) material of bolt is 2017 Al-alloy
c) diameter bolt is 5/16
d) length of bolt is 5/8(123)

38. Bolt part noALSF E 88 indicates


a) brazier head, stump type lock bolt
b) flat head, stump type lock bolt(125)
c) counter sunk, stump type lock bolt
d) counter sunk, pull type lock bolt
39. AN 4 - 7 bolt shows

a) 7/8 diab) 1/4" length c) 4 length d) 1/4" dia(123)

40. Special washer AC 950 and AC 955 are used where

(a) Bolt is installed at angle to surface(131)

(b) Bolt is installed head down

(c) It can be used any where

(d) None of these

41. Worm threads have a thread angle of


(a) 45 degrees and is similar to ACME threads
(b) 29 degrees and is similar to ACME threads
(c) 29 degrees and depth of threads are deeper than ACME threads
(d) 29 degrees and ACME threads are deeper than worm threads

NUT

1. How is the locking feature of the fiber type locknut obtained

(i) By tightening nut fill four threads are risible

(ii) By the use of an unthreaded fiber locking insert(128)

(iii) By a fiber insert held firmly in place at the base of the load carrying section

(iv) By making the threads in the fiber insert slightly smaller than those in the load carrying
section(128)
2. Fiber Collor self locking nut is used

(i) At temperature more than 250 degree C

(ii) At temperature more than 250 degree F

(iii) At temperature below 250 degree F (129)

(iv) At Temperature below 350 degree F

3. In the code marking of Nut, the letter R stands for

(i) material is Red brass (ii) right hand threads

(iii) nut is subjected to rotation (iv) Both (ii) & (iii)

4. Castle Nut (AN 310) is used under

(i) Can withstand large tension loads

(ii) Castellations are designed to accommodate a cotter pin or lock wire.

(iii) Designed to fit on standard airframe bolt with Class 3 fit.

(iv) Used with AN hex head bolt, Clevis bolt, eye bolts, drilled head bolt or studs.

(v) All are correct (126/8-22)

5. Self locking Nuts are used on a/c

(i) To provide tight connection which will not shake loose under severe vibration
(ii) Where it is not subjected to rotation

(iii) In antifriction bearings and control pulleys

(iv) All (127)

6. AN 320 10 Nut has

(i) 5/8 dia (ii) 10/32 dia

(iii) 10 TPI (iv) 10 shank length

7. Self locking nuts are acceptable for use on certificated Aircraft subject to the

(i) Where tight connections are required

(ii) As in (i) and which will not shake loose under severe vibration

(iii) Restrictions of the manufacturer

(iv) As in (i), (ii) and (iii) and these nuts should not be used at joints which subject either the
nut or bolt to rotation(127)

8. After the self locking nut has been tightened, make sure:

(i) Four threads of the bolt are visible out side the nut

(ii) The rounded or cham-fered end of the bolt extend at least the full round or chamfer
through the nut

(iii) Flat end bolts should extend at least 1/32 through the nut

(iv) (ii) and (iii) are correct(129)

9. Plain washers are used under nuts or bolt heads:


(i) They provide a smooth bearing surface

(ii) They prevent damage to the surface material

(iii) They prevent dissimilar material corrosion

(iv) All above are correct(131)

10. Al alloy washer may be used under bolt heads or nuts on Al alloy or Mg structure

(i) To prevent Inter grannular corrosion

(ii) Where corrosion caused by dissimilar metal is a factor

(iii) Will resist the cutting action of nut or bolt head on the structure

(iv) (ii) and (iii) are correct (131)

11. When tightening nuts on bolts, cotter pin hole may not align with the nut slot. In case of highly
stressed engine parts

(i) The nut may be over tightened to align the hole and slot

(ii) The nut may be under tightened to align the hole and slot

(iii) Nut may be turned in clock wise direction

(iv) None of the above

13. How is the locking feature of the fiber typed locknut obtained?

(i) By the use of an unthreaded fiber locking insert

(ii) By a fiber insert held firmly in place at the base of the load carrying section.
(iii) By making the threads in the fiber insert slightly smaller than those in the load carrying
section

(iv) None

15. Which of the following fastners does/does not have grommet

(i) Dzus (ii) Cam Lock (iii) Airlock(142) (iv) None

16. Which statement is true regarding Rivnuts

i) Rivnuts are commonly available with flat heads and with 80 degree counter shunk heads

(ii) As in (i) and counter shunk Rivnuts are made with both 0.048 and 0.063 head
thickness

(iii) As in (ii) and the thinner head used when it is necessary to install a Rivnut in a machined
countersunk hole in thin material

(iv) Closed end Rivnuts are available for installation in a pressurized structure or scaled
compartment(8-15)

17. When reusing elastic stop nuts be sure the fibre has not lost its locking friction. If a nut can be

(i) Turned with the spanners replace it

(ii) Turned with the fingers replace it(129)

(iii) Turned with the fingers replace the fibre or nylone ring

(iv) None of the above

18. Decode AN 310 D5R


(i) An standard Al alloy shear castle nut

(ii) An standard Al alloy castle nut

(iii) As in (ii) and dia is 5/16 and having right hand thread(130)

(iv) As in (i) and dia is 5/16 and having right hand thread

19. Lock washers should never be used under the conditions

(i) With fasteners to primary or secondary structure

(ii) Where the screw is subject to frequent removal

(iii) Where failure would permit the opening of a joint to the air flow

(iv) Any of the above(131) (Used with machine screws or bolts where self locking or
castellated type nut is not appropriate)

22. Shear nut thickness depends on

(a) as per the dia of nut (b) half of the usual nut

(c) as per the location of nut (d) none

23. When re-torqueing is required for a ?????

(a) re-tighten the nut without leading/off the nut one turn

(b) re-tighten the nut with leading/off the nut one turn

(c) re-tighten the nut with leading off by one turn

(d) never re-tighten the nut

NUTS (QB)
1. Which statement is correct?

a) Self-locking nuts are used on a/c to provide tight connections which will not shake loose
under severe vibration(127)
b) S.L.N are used where bolt or nut subject rotation

c) Both a) & b)

d) None of these

2. Elastic stop nuts are not used

a) Where temperature is lower than 250oF

b) Higher than 250oF(129)

c) Between 250oF to 750oF

d) None of these

3. Castellated shear nut(AN320) is used


a) in tension application.
b) in shear application only.
c) as in a) & with drilled clevis bolt, taper pin etc.
d) as in b) slotted for safety.(126)

4. Stainless steel self locking nut


a) having locking shoulder & key.
b) used in application where temperature exceed 250 F.
c) b) & also called high temperature self locking nut.(8-23)
d) all are wrong.

5. Material used for Tinnerman instrument mounting nut is


a) Al-alloy b) Steel alloy
c) Brass(8-25) d) Monel

6. Mark the correct statement.


a. Elastic stop nut can be used many time.
b. As in a) & when turn with fingers, replace it.(129)
c. Every time the parts disassembled, replace the elastic stop nut.
d. As in c) & used at place where temperature exceed 250F.

7. A fiber type self locking nut must never be used on an aircraft if the bolt is
a) Under shear loading b) Under tension loading

c.) Subject to rotation d) All of these

8. Where shear load is taken by the bolt, the nut used is

(a) Plain nut (b) Castle nut

(c) Castellated shear nut(126) (d) Self locking nut

9. Which nut is used to prevent other nuts from turning on

threaded bolt or rod

(a) Self-locking nut (b) Jamb but

(c) Stainless steel nut with cotter pin (d) None of these

10. The specification AN 335 indicates


a) fine thread, light hex nut
b) fine thread, plain hex nut
c) coarse thread, check nut
d) coarse thread, plain hex nut(126)

11. Which thread is used where a great strength is required in one


direction?

(a) Acme
(b) Square
(c) Worm
(d) Buttress

WASHERS

1. Special washers are used

a) Where a bolt is installed at an angle to a surface (131)


b) Where perfect alignment with a surface is not required

c) Both a) & b)

d) None of these

5. To prevent the crushing surface on wooden structure with nut

and bolt, the washer used is

a) AN 936 b) AN 935 c) AN 970(130) d) AN 960

6. Special washer AC 950 and AC 955 are used where

a) Bolt is installed at angle to surface (131)

b) Bolt is installed head down

c) It can be used any where

d) None of these

7. AN 935 is

a. Plain washer b. Lock spring washer(131)

c. Shake proof washer d. None of above

8. AN 936 is

a. Shake proof washer b. Lock spring washer

c. Plain washer d. None of above


TURNLOCK FASTENERS

1. Dzus Fastners consist of a stud, grommet and receptacle. The stud length is measured in
a) Tenth of an inch b) Sixteenth of an inch
c) Hundredth of an inch d) Thousandth of an inch

2. The marking found on the head of the stud

a) Body diameter, length & shank type


b) Body diameter, length & head type (141)
c) Only length

d) None of these

3. Airloc Fasteners consists of three parts

a.Stud, grommet and receptacle

b.Stud & grommet

c.Stud, cross pin and receptacle(142)

d.None

PINS

1. Three types of pins are used viz. taper pin, flathead pin and cotter pin.

2. Pins are used in shear application and safetying.

1. Cotter pins
(i) Anodized Al-alloy

(ii) AN380 is made of Cd-plated, low carbon steel

(iii) AN381 is made of Corrosion resistant steel

(iv) AN 381 is used in locations where non magnetic material is required. (14 5)

2. Taper pins are used in Joints:

(i) Which carry shear loads

(ii) Which carry shear and tensile loads

(iii) As in (i) and where absence of play is essential(145)

(iv) As in (ii) and mostly used in control lay outs

3. If safetying with cotter pin, the prong bent over the bolt and should not exceed beyond the

(i) Nut diameter

(ii) Equal to the dia of cotter pin

(iii) Bolt diameter (150)

(iv) Two times to the dia of cotter pin

4. Which statement is true regarding a roll pin

(i) It is a press fit pin with chamfered ends

(ii) It is slotted the full length of the tube


(iii) Pressure exerted by it against the hole walls keeps it in place and has to be removed with
a punch.

(iv) As the above (145)

5. Taper pin are manufactured with taper of

a. 1 in 48 b. 1 in 10 c. 1 in 50 d. 1 in 60

8. AN 406

(i) It is made of cadmium plated steel and have grip length in 1/16 inch increment.

(ii) As in (i) and also known as flat pin and dia is 6/16

(iii) As in (i) and also known as flat head pin

(iv) As in (iii) and also known as clevis pin (8-29)

10. Which of the following pin is used to take shear load

(a) taper pin(145) (b) clevis pin

(c) roll pin (d) cotter pin

11. Clevis pin used

(a) with head up position

(b) as in (a) & washer must be placed at the opposite end and insert cotter pin through the
hole to lock the pin in place

(c) as in (a) & (B) and used in tie rod terminals and in secondary controls which are not
subject to continous operation.(8-29)
12. Cotter pin for castelled nut is made of

(a) steel/CRS (b) cadmium plated low carbon steel

(c) corrosion resistant steel (d) both b & c(8-29)

15. Roll pin is used where

(a) frequent removal is not required

(b) frequent removal is required

(c) as in (a) and made of brass

(d) as in (a) and made of spring steel and is rolled into cylindrical shape (8-28)

RIVETS

1. In figure (reveting) what fault is shown.

(a) damage due to

(b) damage due to bucking bar

(c) sheet metal bulging

2. Material of the rivet is

(a) 5056 al-alloy (b) 2024 (c) monel (d) none

4. Al-alloy rivets can be heat treated

(a) maximum 5 times (b) maximum 15 times

(c) infinite times (d) none


5. If countersunk is not possible to use on thin sheet to get flush surface, then.. use

(a) round head rivet (b) brazier head rivet

(c) counter sunk rivet with (d) flat head

6. Friction lock rivet

(a) can not replace solid shank rivet(8-7)

(b) can be replaced by sold shank rivet

(c) as in (b) and available in hollow self plugging and self leaking

(d) as in (b) and increase the diameter thrice

7. Cherry lock rivet can

(a) replace solid shank rivet (due to high fatigue strength)(8-8)

(b) if reduced diameter used compressive strength less

(c) as in (b) and increase the diameter twice

(d) as in (b) and increase the diameter thrice

8. Which hammer is used for riveting

(a) ball peen hammer(9-2) (b) straight pin hammer

(c) cross pin hammer (d) riveting hammer

9. Rivet of (4)? Diameter is replaced by

(a) two 1/16 diameter rivet

(b) three 1/16 diameter rivet

(c) three 1/32 dia rivet


(d) none for 1/16 dia rivet

10. 10 KB-105 rivet has

(a) flat head (b) countersunk head

(c) as in (a) & key(162)) as in (b) and key

11. 10 KB-107 rivet is

(a) flat head

(b) counter sunk head

(c) as in (a) and with key and close end

(d) as in (b) and with key and close end(162)

12. Dia of rivet is

(a) 2 times of thickness of sheets

(b) 3 times of thickness of thickest sheet

(c) 3 times of thickness of joint sheet

(d) equal to grip length

13. Which al-alloy rivet has highest strength

(a) 5056-T (b) 2117-T (c) 2024-T(8-6) (d) 5056-W

14. In selecting rivets

(a) no type and size depends on shear stress

(b) as in (a) and tensile strength and does not depends on


bearing strength
(c) rivet dia should be twice the thick ness of metal being
joined

(d) none of the above

15. In a rivnut parts number the letter KB represents:

(i) Open end and has a key

(ii) Close end and without a key

(iii) Close end and with a key(162)

(iv) Counter Bored head

16. M.T.C.S regarding the Hi-Shear(PIN)rivets

(i) is a blind type rivet.

(ii) has same shear strength as that of a bolt of equal diameter

(iii) As in (ii) + contains a metal collar, which is swaged onto the grooved end effecting a firm
tight fit.(163)

(iv) All are correct

17. If a copper rivet is inserted into an Aluminum structure then:

(i) Dissimilar metal corrosion would occur.(152)(Copper can be used with copper alloy or
non metallic material.

(ii) Dissimilar metal corrosion would over if the Al-structure is made of 2024-T4

(iii) Dissimilar metal corrosion would not occur.

(iv) Both (i) & (ii) are correct

18. M.T.C.S
(i) If an ice box rivet is removed from the refrigerator, it should not be mixed with the rivets
still in the cold storage.

(ii) Ice box rivets should always be used after 10 min from the removal from the refrigerator

(iii) Ice box rivets should necessarily be used with in 15 min after its removal from the
refrigerator other wise be re-heat treated.(152)

(iv) All are correct.

19. Rivets having anodized finish can be identified by

(i) Letter A on the head (ii) Its pearly gray color(152)

(iii) Its yellowish color (iv) A dimple mark on the head

20. Rivets made of materials 5056 are used in:

(i) riveting Mg structure(8-5) (ii) riveting Monel structure

(iii) Riveting Titanium Structure (iv) All are correct

21. One raised dot or the head of a rivet indicates its material is:

(i) 2024-T (ii) CRS

(iii) 2017-T(8-5)

23. Round head rivets are used in

(i) Exterior surfaces of the A/C

(ii) Interior surfaces of the A/C


(iii) (i) + except where clearance is required for adjacent member

(iv) (ii) + except where clearance is required for adjacent member (153)

24. Rivet dia. and length is measured in

(i) 1/16 and 1/32 (ii) 1/32 and 1/8

(iii) 1/16 and 1/8 (iv) 1/32 increment and total grip range of (158)
1/16 (8-3)

25. Ice box rivets attain about one half their max strength in approximately after driving

(i) One hour (152) (ii) Two hours

(iii) 12 hours (iv) Five hours

26. The protective coating on a rivet is identified by its colour. A rivet coated with :

(i) Zinc chromate is yellow (ii) Zinc chromate is green

(iii) Anodised surface is pearl grey (iv) (i) & (iii) are correct (152)

27. In blind riveting, the thickness of the material being riveted determines the overall length of the
shank of the rivet. The shank of the rivet should extend beyond the material thickness
approximately :

(i) 3/64 to 1/8(160) (ii) 3/32 to 3/16

(iii) 3/32 to 1/8 (iv) 1/32 to 3/16


28. Ice box rivets attain full strength after driving

(i) In about one week (ii) In about four days(152)

(iii) Require prepitation heat treatment (iv) In about fort night

29. Shank dia of solid rivets is measured in increments of

(i) 1/16 (ii) 1/32 (8-3) (iii) 3/32 (iv) 3/64

30. To replace a high shear rivet and no facilities to install a new hi-shear rivet, you may use

(i) ADD 2024 rivet one size larger

(ii) A steel rivet driven while it is hot

(iii) A close tolerance bolt

(iv) Nothing may be substituted for hi- shear rivet

31. How would you prepare the hole to use 1/8 flush rivet to fasten a piece of 0.032 skin to a
0.064 frame.

(i) Dimple both the skin and the frame

(ii) Dimple the frame and counter sink the skin

(iii) Counter sink the frame and dimple the skin

(iv) Counter sink both the skin and the frame

32. Cadmium plated steel rivets should not be used in areas


(i) Which produces a lift (ii0 Inside the a/c

(iii) Where temperature of 250 deg C are more likely to encountered

(iv) Which are directly in contact with exhaust gases

33. In riveting counter sinking is employed where sheet thickness is greater than the depth of the rivet
head but for thinner sheets

(i) Counter boring is required

(ii) Dimpling is required

(iii) Spot facirty is required

(iv) None of the above

34. In solid rivet reveting the shop head dia and thickness is

(i) O.S.D. and I.S.D. respectively

(ii) I.S.D. and O.S.D. respectively

(iii) I.D. and I.S.D. respectively

(iv) I.S.D. for dia and thickness

35. In solid rivet riveting an allowance of I.S.D. is sufricient to form a shop head for counter sunk

(i) O.S.D. is sufficient

(ii) I.S.D. is sufficient

(iii) O.T.S.D. is suficnet

(iv) I.D. is sufficient


RIVETS

1. Which is correct statement

(a) Pin rivet are used only in shear application

(b) They should never be used where the grip length is less than the shank diameter

(c) Both. (163)

(d) None

2. Pin rivets

(a) are Hi-shear rivets

(b) Used where access to both side of the material is required

(c) They are approximately three times as strong as solid shank rivets

(d) All. (163)

3. Stainless steel rivet head


a) Raised double dash b) Raised dash
c) Raised cross d) No marking on head

4. Solid rivet of 1/8 diameter is replaced by (CAP)


a. Two rivet of 1/16 diameter
b. Three rivet of 1/16 diameter
c. Four rivet of 1/16 diameter
d. Cannot be replaced

5. Grip length of cherry lock rivet is measured in increments


(a) 1/8 b) 3/32 c) 1/16d)1/32

6. Identifying marks on the head of Al-alloy rivet indicate


a) Shank size
b) Head treatment given by manufacturer
c) Specific alloy and manufacturer (152)
d) All are correct

7. The solid shank rivet, which is used in interior of a/c, where


maximum strength is needed
a) round head b) brazier head
c) flat head d) as in c) & is AN-442. (153/8-3)

8. The standard range for counter sunk head angle is


a) 72 - 120 b) 78- 120. (153) (c) 78 d) 100

9. To repair or replacement of protuding head rivet


a) round head b) counter sunk head is needed
c) universal head is used.(153) d) any rivet can be selected

10. For riveting Mg alloy sheet


(a) 5056 rivet should be used. (151)
(b) monel rivet should be used
(c) mild steel should be used
d) All of the above

11. Which material you select for riveting Ni-steel sheet


a) Monel.(151) b) 2017-T c) 2024-T6 d) Mild steel

12. Which one of the following rivet is ready for use as received &
need no further heat treatment.
a) 2117-T. (151)b) 2017-T c) 2024 d) 1100

13. Ice-Box rivets are


a)2017-T b) 2117-T c) 2024-T d) a) & c) are correct. (151)

14. The specification for universal head rivet


a) AN-470.(153) b) MS-20613 c) MS-20615 d) all

15. The protective film of zinc chromate over rivet identified by


a) its yellow colour. (152) b) pearl gray
c) its white colour d) its silver gray colour

16. Part No. AN 470B 3 8 indicates

(a) shank diameter is 3 b) rivet length is 8


16 32
c) material is 5056 Al alloy. (153) d) all of the above

17. Mark the correct statement.


a) Identification marking shall appear either on shank or head
of rivet.
b) The rivet length shall be taken in fraction of 32 of an inch.
(c)Group-A, Al-alloy can be used with Group-B Al-alloy keeping in view the dissimilar metal
corrosion factor.
d) Both a) & b) are correct.

18. The material code for 2024 T composition rivet is


a) D b) AD c) DD . (153) d) B

19. The absence of latter following the AN-standard number for rivets indicate
a) material is Al-alloy b) material is steel
c) material is mild steel. (153) d) any of the above

20. The head marking Raised triangle, indicate the rivet is


a) 5056 b) 2219 c) 7075 d) Monel

21. The head marking for 2024-T is


a) raised dot b) raised double dash. (154)
c) raised three dash d) recessed double dash

22. The marking recessed single dash indicate the rivet is


a) QQW 423 b) QQS-633 c) 2117 d) QQ1-281

23. The shank length used for making blind head in a pull thru rivet should extend the thickness by
a) 1 b) - c) 3/64 d) 3/64 1/8 (157)

24. Its proven fatigue strength make it the only blind rivet
interchangeable structurally with solid rivet is
a) wire draw cheeylock rivet b) dill lock rivet
c) bulb cherrylock rivet. (157) d) deutsch rivet

25. To joints requiring an excessive amount of sheet take-up, you may select
a) pin rivet b) wire draw cherrylock rivet. (157)
c) bulb cherry lock rivet d) all of the above

26. Riv nut is


a) hollow, blind rivet
b) made of 6053-Al alloy & a)
c) counter bored & threaded inside
d) all of the above. (161)

27. In Part No. 10 KB 106, KB indicates


a) close end & keyless b) close end & keyed. (162)
c) open end & keyed d) open end & keyless

28. Part No. 10 - B -107 indicates


a) Riv nut having flat head
b) Pin rivet having round head
c) Riv nut having counter sunk head(162)
d) Deutsch rivet

29. Pin rivet -


a) not a blind type
b) have the same shear strength as bolt of equal diameter.
c) as in b) & are about 40% weight of bolt
d) all of the above. (163).

30. Pin rivets are used


a) in compression
b) in tension
c) in shear.(163)
d) all of the above & also carry bending load.

31. The Part No. NAS 177 14 17 indicates


a) flat head Jo-bolt
b) flat head Avdelok fastener
c) flat head pin rivet
d) counter sunk head, pin rivet.(163)

32. In the patch repair of the Aircraft skin, the edge distance (distance from the center of the rivet to
the edge of the sheet) should be (d is diameter of rivet)

a) 2d to 4d b) 8d c) 6d d) 75% of the pitch

39. Aircraft rivets are identified by


(a) Head style b. Alloy
c. Length & diameter d. All. (153)

40. Rivets are designed


(a) Stronger in shear
(b) Stronger in tension
(c) Should not be subjected to excessive tension load
(d) Both a) and c)

42. Pitch of the rivet should be

(a) 1 d (b) 6d to 8d

(c) 1 x d (d) All of these

43. The amount of the length required to form the head of the rivet

is

(a) 2 d (b) 4 d (c) 1 x d (d) 8 d


44. Chamfering of the patch plate is done at the angle of

(a) 25 (b) 45 (c) 60 (d) 15

45. In patch repair, clearance between the rivet and hole should be

(a) 0.008 (b) 0.5

(c) 0.002 to 0.004 (d) 0.4

46. A rivet with part no. AN 470 AD 3-5 is having a diameter of

(a) 3/32(153) (b) 5/32 (c) 3/16 (d) 5/16

47. Pull thru rivets are fabricated in two common head styles

(a) universal head (b) brazier head

(c) 100 countersunk head (d) both (a) & (c) are correct. (156)

48. A rivet head having raised cross indicates

(a) 5056 T. (154) (b) 2024 T

(c) carbon steel (d) corrosive resistant steel

49. A) Rivet smaller than 3/32 diameter are never used on stressed structure.

(B) Never replace 2024T rivet with 2117rivet.

(a) both are correct. (b) both are incorrect

(c) only (A) is correct (d) only (B) is correct

50. Transverse pitch is

(a) twice the rivet diameter (b) 70% of rivet pitch


(c) 75% of rivet pitch (d) 6-8 diameter

51. Rivet pitch is

(a) distance between center of rivet in a row

(b) distance between edge to center of rivet

(c) four times the rivet diameter

(d) both (a) & (c) are correct

CONTROL CABLES (CC)

Note. 1. Control cable are the most widely used linkage in primary flight control system. Also
used in engine controls, emergency extension for LG etc.

2. Cable type linkage has several advantages viz: strong and light in weight, flexible and
easy to route .

3. A/c cable has high mechanical efficiency and can be set up without backlash which is
very important for precise control.

4. Cables may be equipped with several different types of fittings such as terminals,
thimbles, shackles and bushings.

2. A/C control cables are constructed in diameter range from

(i) 1/8 3/8 (ii) 1/16 0- 3/16

(iii) 1/16 3/8(144) (iv) 3/8


4. Control cables are made of

(i) Carbon steel

(ii) (i) + stainless steel(143)

(iii) (ii) + heat treated Al-alloy

(iv) (i) + 2024 T4 AL-ALLOY

1. In engine controls, trim tab controls & indicator controls, the type of cable used is:

(i) 7 x 19 extra flexible (ii) 7 x 7 medium flexible(143)

(iii) 1 x 19 (iv) 1x7

8. Extra flexible cable (7x19) is used in primary control surfaces and in places where operation over
pulleys is

(i) Seldom (ii) Frequent(143)

(iii) Slow (iv) Abruptly

9. Which maintenance record entry best describes the action taken for a control cable showing
approximate 20% wear on several of the individuals outer wires at a fairlead?

(i) Wear within acceptable limits, repair not necessary(8-37)

( flexible or non flexible cables will be replaced when the individual wires in each strand appear
to blend toether or when the outer wires are worn out 40 to 50 %.)
(ii) Removed and replaced the control cable and rerigged the system

(iii) Cable repositioned, worn area moved away from fairlead

(iv) None of the above.

10. Choose the incorrect statement regarding control cables

(i) They are fabricated from carbon steel or stainless steel

(ii) Tension must be adjusted frequently due to stretching and temperature changes.

(iii) 7x19 cable is made of seven strands of 19 wires each.

(iv) 7X19 cable is extra flexible and is used in primary control systems systems and in other
places where operation over pulley is frequent.

(v) 7 x 19 cable is made of seven wires of 19 strands each

16. A/C control cable is connected to control surface horn by means of

(i) Clevis pin (ii) Cottor pin

(iii) Nut and bolts (iv) Welding or brazing

14. Turn buckle

(a) is a mechnical screw device consisting of two threaded terminals and a threaded barrel.

(b) is for minor adjustment in cable length and cable tension

(b) barrel has matching left and right hand internal threads

(c) has externally threaded end terminals

(d) all of the above(144)


15. Turn buckle consists of

(a) brass barrel with left and right hand thread(8-36)

(b) stainless barrel with either left hand or right hand thread

(c) only cadinium plated steel barrel and end fitting

(d) one of the above

7. All turn backle terminals be screwed in to the barrel until not more than:

(i) three threads are exposed on either side of the turn buckle barrel(144)

(ii) Five threads are exposed in either side of the turn buckle barrel

(iii) Three threads are exposed on one side of the turn buckle barrel

(iv) None of the above

3. In a Turn buckle

(i) Left hand threaded end is identified by a groove or knurl around that end(144)

(ii) When installing a turn buckle in a control system, it is necessary to screw both the
terminals a equal number of turns into the barrel.

(iii) Not more than four threads

4. Largest size wire, AWG (American wire gages number is :

(i) 0000 (ii) 40

(iii) (iv) 60

6 During inspection after swaging if it is found that


(a) shank dia is too large that means it is overswaged

(b) shank dia is too small it means it is overswaged it should be rejected.

(c) shank dia too small it means underswaged

(d) shank dia is too large it means underswaged and it should be rejected

CONTROL CABLES(QB)

1. 7x19 & 7x7 cables is made up


a) Seven strands of 7 wires

b) Nineteen strands of seven wires each

c) Seven strands of nineteen wires each & Seven strands of seven wires each (143)

d) 19 strands of 19 wires each

2. The diameter range of 7x19 & 7X 7 cables are

(a) 1/8 to 3/8 & 1/16 to 3/32 each (143)


(b)1/16 to 3/32

(c)1/8 to

(d)1/8 to 1/16

3. Turnbuckle assembly is a

(a) Mechanical screw


(b) Making minor adjustment in cable length and adjusting cable tension
(c) Consisting two threaded terminals and a threaded barrel
(d) All the above(144)

2. For safetying turnbuckles, locking wire is used in


a) Single wrap b) Double wrap
c) Double wrap spiral d) All are correct

4. Push-pull tubes are generally made in short lengths to

(a) Prevent vibration and bending under tension load


(b) Prevent vibration and bending under compression load(144)
(c) Only prevent vibration
(d) None

Note. Push pull tubes are used as linkage in various types of mechanically operated systems. This type
of linkage eliminates the problem of varying tension and permits the transfer of either compression or
tension stress through a single tube.

5. Which is incorrect statement?

a) If corrosion is present in control cable should be replaced

b) Cable used in seaplane must be coated with paral-ketone

c) For detection of corrosion, cable twist in same way of lay

d) Carbon steel cable must be used with protective coating

HARDWARE MISC

1. Do not install elastic stop in place where the temperature is higher than

(i) 250 degree F (ii) 300 degree F

(iii) 350 degree F (iv) 400 degree F

2. Included angle of acme thread

(i) 60 degree (ii) 29 degree

(iii) 90 degree (iv) 45 degree

3. Cotter pin for castellated nut is made of

(a) steel
(b) Cadmium plate low carbon steel

(c) Stainless steel

(a) Carbon steel

4. Identify the figure

(a) lead & zinc (b) rubber

5. Cleco clamps are used to align parts prior to being riveted to an a/c th ecolour of the cleco
clampos indicate the dia rivet to be use4d with . The colour glod denotes

(i) 5/32 (ii) 3/16 (iii) 1/8 (iv) 3/32

6. The paper lok fastener is effective in absorbing

(i) Torsion loads (ii) Either static or dynamic loads

(iii) Bending loads (iv) tensile loads

7. Dia and length of the screws is decoded by the dash number -516-10

(i) Dia is 5/16 and length is 1

(ii) Length is 5/16 and dia is 10/16

(iii) Dia is 5/16 and length is 5/8

(iv) Dia is a size and length is 10/16

8. When power is to be transmitted inn one directionally and the force is transmitted parallel to axis
ie use
(i) Square thread (ii) ACME thread

(iii) Buttress (iv) Knuckle

9. Mark the correct statement

(i) Flanks are the sides of the threads

(ii) Pitch is the no of threads in a inch

(iii) Lead is the distance covered by an external thread in 720 rotation

(iv) All of the above.

9. Washers as safety device often used in lightly loaded applications in instrument and electrical
instrument and electrical installations are

(i) Plain washers (ii) Spring washers

(ii) Tab washers (iv) Crinkle washers

10. Screw pitch gage measures

(i) Internal and external threads per inch

(ii) No. of external threads per inch

(iii) Pitch diameter of the threads and double depth of threads

(iv) Both (i) and (iii)

11. The thread angle of the square thread is

(i) 29 deg
(ii) 90 deg

(iii) More than 90 deg to provide correct fit

(iv) Less than 90 deg to provide correct fit

12. Generally speaking ball grip length should be

(a) one and one half times the thickness of the material through which they extend

(b) equal to the thickness of the material through which they

extend plus approximately one diameter

(c) equal to the thickness of the material through which they extend

(d) which the thickness of the material through which they extend

13. For repairing the oversize hole with sleeve, the hole must be drilled oversized by

(a) 3/16 (b) 1/32 (c) 1/64 (d) 3/64

14. 7 X 19 size of cable indicates

(a) 7 wires of 19 strand (b) 7 strand of 19 wire

(c) 7 strand of 19 strand (d) none

15. An 12 H5 indicates

(a) dia 3/5 and head is not drilled

(b) dia 6/8 and head is drilled

(c) dia 6/8 and head is drilled

(d) dia 6/8 and shank & head is drilled

16. AN 12115 indicates


(a) dia 3/5 and head is not drilled

(b) dia 6/8 and head is not drilled

(c) dia 6/8 and head is drilled

(d) dia 6/8 head and shank is drilled

17. While riveting hole center can be marked by

(a) center punch (b) template (c) hole finder

18. Edge distance is

(a) 2 times the shank diameter

(b) 2 times the sheet thickness

(c) 2 times of head diameter

(d) none

19. Rivet can be removed by

(a) center punch

(b) prick punch

(c) pin punch (drift punch drive or punch)

(d) alignment punch

20. While riveting center hole can be located by

(a) center pitch (b) template

(c) hole finder (d) all of the above

21. Edge distance is

(a) 2 times the shank diameter

(b) 2 times the sheet thickness


(c) 2 times of head diameter

(d) none

22. For repairing the oversize hole with sleeve, the hole must be drilled oversized by

(a) 3/16 (b) 1/32 (c) 1/64 (d) 3/64

23. Which of the following pin is used to take shear load

(a) taper pin (b) clevis pin

(c) roll pin (d) cotton pin

24. AN 12115 indicates

(a) dia 3/5 and head is not drilled

(b) dia 6/8 and head is not drilled

(c) dia 6/8 and head is drilled

(d) dia 6/8 head and shank is drilled

25. Generally speaking ball grip length should be

(a) one and one half times the thickness of the material through which they extend

(b) equal to the thickness of the material through which they

extend plus approximately one diameter

(c) equal to the thickness of the material through which they extend

(d) which the thickness of the material through which they extend

FLUID LINES AND FITTINGS


1. AN coupling used in Al tube diameter

(a) AN 818-5 (b) AN 818-2

(c) AN-818-8 (d) any one

2. Which state is correct relating to swaging

(a) if the diameter of fitting is too large it has been over swaged

(b) if the diameter of fitting is too small it has been under swaged

(c ) if the diameter of fitting is too small it has been over swaged and cable fitting must be
..ed.

(d) None

3. Lay lining in the fitting indicates

(a) size of the hose (b) MIL spec no.

(c) year and quarter of manufacture (d) manufacturers name or symbol (e) All (10-
15)

4. Regarding the plumbing of rigid tube, which is true

(a) less dia tubing requires less distance support

(b) less dia tubing requires more distance support

(c) large dia tubing required less distance support

(d) large dia tubing requires more distance support


5. Double flaring (3/8 or smaller) provides

(a) smoothness
(b) more concentric
(c) seats better
(d) all (10-6)

6. The rigid fluid tubes are sized by

(a) inside diameter in increment of 1/16.

(b) inside diameter in increment of 1/32.

(c) out side diameter in increment of 1/16(10-3)

(d) out side diameter in inreament of 1/32

7. The size of flexible hose is determined by :

(i) Its inside dia in increments of 1/16 inch (10-16)

(ii) Its out side dia

(iii) Inside dia and wall thickness

(iv) Out side dia and type of rubber

9. Rigid metal tubing is classified according to its

(i) Wall thickness & outside dia in 1/16 increment (10-3)

(ii) Outside dia 1/16 increment

(iii) Wall thickness in 1/8 increment

(iv) 2+3
10. Flared tube fitting used in a/c are made of

(a) Al-alloy (b) Cu (c) Steel (d) All are coorect(10-8)

11. Flareless tube fitting consists of following parts

(a) body sleeve flared tube and nut

(b) body sleeve and nut (10-9)

(c) sleeve nut and end terminals

(d) sleeve shoulder beaded tube and nut

12. Mark the correct statement

(a) tubing size and specification stamped on it

(b) small tubing by color code and marking

(c) both a & b (10-2)

(d) none

13. Fusible metals are used for tube (1/4 inch and below) bending has

(a) low melting point and ductile (10-4)

(b) hard and high melting point

(c) should expand on solidifying

(d) both a & b are correct


14. Denting in metal tube is acceptable if

(a) not more than 10% of tube diameter

(b) less than 20% of tube dia (10-12)

(c) not more than 40% of tube dia

(d) must be rejected if dent occurs

15. The minimum distance between two clamps of a/c tubes is

(a) 16 (b) 21 (c) 8 (d) 36

16. All long extruded parts such as bar, tube, pipe etc are stored

(a) horizontally

(b) Horizontally well supported along its length

(c) vertically inclined at an angle of 60 deg.

(d) all

17. Minimum bend radius of flexible hose depends upon

(a) type of the material (b) size of the hose

(c) working pressure (d) all (10-20)

18. While testing for magnetic testing it was found non magnetic. In nitric acid it was found rapid
action greenish blue color. The material is
(a) Ni-steel (9A 99) (b) 18-8 steel (c) Monel (d) CRS

CARBON - STRONGLY MAG- SLOW CHEMICAL ACTION, BROWN

18.8 - NON MAGNO ACTION

PURE NI- STRONGLY MAGSLOW CHEMICAL CTION, PALE GREEN

MONEL SLIGHTLY MAGNETICRAPID ACTION, GREENISH BLUE

NI STEELNON MAG---RAPID CATION, GREENISH BLUE

19. Bending radius of Al-alloy tube is

(a) 1 (b) 12 times of its radius

(c) 6 times of its radius (d) 3 times of its radius

20. In flexible hoses slack is given

(a) 2 to 3 % of total length (b) 5 to 8 % of total length (10-17)

(c) 3 to 9 % of total length (d) 10 % of total length

21. Color of band on hydraulic fluid line :-

(a) yellow / blue (10-13) (b) Red

(c) yellow (d) green


22. For high pressure hydraulic installations, the tubing should be-

(i) C.R.S either annealed or hard (10-2)

(ii) Al-alloy either annealed or hard

(iii) Tempered steel (iv) None

23. The operating Temperature range for Teflon hose is-

(i) -65 degree F

(ii) -65 degree C to +350 Degree C

(iii) +65 degree F + 450 degree F

(iv) -65degree F to +450 Degree F ( 10-14)

24. During a proof test of a hose the pressure should be maintained for

(ii) 1.5 timesthe system pr for at least 30 sec (115)


(iii) b/w 30 60 sec
(iv) Not more than 30 sec
(v) 1 minute

25. Fluid lines are identified by

(i) Color codes and words

(ii) Color codes, words and geometric symbols (10-13)

(iii) Color codes, words, geometric s/s and digit numbers

(iv) None
26. The color of AN steel and aluminum fittings is

(i) Gray (ii) Blue

(iii) Black (iv) Black & Blue respectively (10-8)

27. The rigid pipe lines can be identified for the material by a colour band painted on the tube. If
the Al alloy is 2024 the colour is

(i) Black (ii) Purple (iii) Grey (iv) Red (100)

28. The rigid pipe lines can be identified for the material by a colour band painted on Tube . If the Al
alloy is 5052 , the colour is

(i) Black (ii) Green (iii) Purple (100) (iv)Red

29. The rigid pipe lines can be identified for the material by a colour band painted on the tube. If the
Al alloy is 7075, the colour is

(i) Green (ii) Brown and yellow (100)

(iii) Blue and yellow (iv) Grey

29. Maximum distance between support for fluid tubing of 1/8 (2/16) size of steel is

a) 12 b) 14 c) 9.5 d) 11.5(119)

30. The max distance between supports for steel tubing of 3/16 dia is
(i) 9 (ii) 11 (iii) 12 (iv) 14 (119)

31. The maximum distance between supports for aliuminium alloy tubing of 5/16 dia is

(i) 12 (ii)22 (iii) 15 (119) (iv) 18

64. The max distance between supports for Al alloy tubing of 3/8 (6/16) dia tubing is as

(i) 12 (ii) 15 (iii) 19 (iv) 16 (119)

52. In a/c plumbing and fittings, a tube is permissible to be bent only by hand if

(i) Tube dia. Is more than 14

(ii) Tube dia. Is more than

(iii) Tube dia is less than (10-4)

(iv) Both (ii) and (iii)

61. Tubing may be beaded with a hand beaded tool if the tube dia is not more than

(i) to 1 (10-10) (ii) to 1

(iii) to 1 9iv) 1/8 to

31. Lines containing Fuel are marked as


(i) PHDAN (ii) FLAM (10-13)

(iii) FUEL (10-13) (iv) FLEM

32. When installing bonded clamps to support metal tubing

(i) paint removal from the tube is not recommended as it will inhibit corrosion

(ii) remove paint or anodizing from tube at clamp location (10-12)

(iii) Paint clamp and tube after clamp installation to prevent corrosion

(iv) use at least two coat of zinc chromate

33. Due to excessive tightness of clamp or rubber hoses will lead to

(i) Cold flow (114) (ii) Hot flow (iii) None

34. Excessive stress on fluid or pneumatic metal tubing caused by expansion & contraction due to
temperature changes can best be avoided by

(i) Using short sections of tubing between fixed parts of the a/c

(ii) Not subjecting the a/c to sudden changes in temperature

(iii) Providing bends in the tubing (10-11)

(iv) Installing the tubing of dia not more than

36. If a/c hose is removed from the system and to reinstall that hose it should have

(i) socket, nipple, nut

(ii) Clamp, nipple, nut


(iii) Clamp, socket, nipple
(iv) cap, socket, nut

37. When bending oxygen pipes, to avoid contamination are generally filled with

(i) Fusible alloys of low melting temperature

(ii) Wax (iii) Sand (iv) None of the above

38. With the hose assy suspended from one end ball should pass truly through and check should be
repeated from other end. If the ball fails to pass through the hose, the hose must be

(i) Pressure tested (ii) The hose must be blown with air

(iii) Pushed out with the steel wire

(iv) Rejected as unserviceable

39. Hydraulic tubing which is damaged in a localized area to such an extent

that a repair is necessary, may be repaired

(i) By cutting out the damaged area and inserting a replacement section of same size and
material utilizing a flared tube fitting to join the tube ends using standard unions, sleeves and
nuts. (10-13)

(ii) Only by replacing the entire tubing using the same size and

material as the original.

(iii) By cutting out the damaged section and soldering in a replacement

section of tubing.

(iv) None of the above.

40. The term cold flow is generally associated with


(i) Vaporizing fule. (ii) Rigid pipe lines.

(iii) Rubber hose (flexible tubes) (114) (iv) Welding and sheet metal.

41. A gas or fluid line marked with the letter PHDAN

(I) Is carrying substance which is not harm

(ii) Is a high pressure line . The letters mean pressure high. Discharge a nacelle.

(iii) Is carrying a substance which may be dangerous to personnel (10-13)

(iv) Is carrying a substance that cannot be made non toxic

42. Which maintenance record entry best describe the action taken by FAR when a 0.125 dent in a
straight section of alloy tubing is found.

(a) dent is acceptable limit and repair not necessary

(b) dented section removed and replaced with identical new tubing flared 45.

(c) Dent removed by drawing appropriate size bullet through the tubing. (10-12S)

(d) Deferred to maintenance check.

44. A new piece of tubing should be cut ..longer than the tube to be replaced to provide for
minor variations in bending.

(i) 10% (10-3) (ii) 15%

(iii) 5 to 8% longer (iv) 20% longer


45. If a tube cutter is not available and tubing is of hard material, is to be cut, use a hacksaw
preferably

(i) one having 20 teeth per inch

(ii) one having 28 teeth per inch

(iii) One having 32 teeth per inch (532)

(iv) one having 20 or 22 teeth per inch

46. Twisting of the hose can be determined from identification:

(i) Plate attached at one end

(ii) Stripe running along it length

(iii) Deecal put in the center of hose

(iv) As in (ii) and the stripe should not spiral around the hose (10-15)

47. Flexible hoses are used for

(i) Connecting moving parts with stationary parts

(ii) Location subjects to vibrations and where greater flexibility is needed

(iii) It can also serve as a connector in metal tubing system

(iv) All are correct (10-14)

48. The advantage of Teflon hose is

(i) Compatible with nearly every substance(10-13)

(ii) Sticky viscous materials will adhere to it.


(iii) It has more volumetric expansion than rubber

(iv) None

BUNA-N- Synthetic rubber compound - excellent resistance to prtroleum products. Do not


use with phosphste easter base hydraulic fluid.

NEOPERENE - Synthetic rubber compound which has a acetylene base - resistance to


prtroleum products is not as good as Buna -N. Do not use with phosphste easter base
hydraulic fluid.

BUTYL - Synthetic rubber compound made from petroleum raw materials. Excellent
material to use with phosphste easter based hydraulic fluid.

TEFLON Du Pont trade name for terafluoroethylene resin. It is compatible with every
substance or agent used. It offers little resistance to flow. Sticky viscous materials will not
adhere to it. It has less volumetric expansion then rubber and the shelf service life is
practically limitless.

49. The size measurement of plumbing fittings having pipe threads is given as

(i) a dash no. indicating the I.D in 1/8 of an inch


(ii) a dash no. indicating the O.D in 1/8 of an inch

(iii) a dash no. indicating the I.D in 1/16 of an inch

(iv) a dash no. indicating the O.D in 1/16 of an inch (Fig. 10-21)

51. In a flared tube fitting AC sleeve is

(i) longer than AN sleeve

(ii) Shorter than AN sleeve (10-8)

(iii) Equal to the AN Sleeve

(iv) None

53. Mark the correct statement

(i) In Al metal tube lines nicks, deeper than 10% of the wall thickness is permissible if they
are in the heel

(ii) In Al metal tube lines nicks no deeper than 20% of the wall thickness is permissible if
they are not in the heel

(iii) In Al metal tube lines nicks not deeper than 10% of the wall thickness is permissible if
they are not in the heel (10-12)

(iv) All are correct

54. Mark the correct statement

(i) A dent of less than 20% of the tube dia is not permissible in the heel of a bend
(ii) As in (i) + a dent less than 20% of the tube dia is not objectionable useless it is in the
heel of a bend (10-12)

(iii) A dent more than 20% of the tube dia is permissible in the heel of a bend

(iv) Both (ii) & (iii)

55. A certain amount of slack be left in a flexible hose during installation because, when under
pressure, it

(i) Expands in length and contracts in diameter

(ii) Contracts in length and contracts in diameter

(iii) Contracts in length and expands in diameter

(iv) As in (iii) and a slack of 5 to 8 % of its length will allow for freedom of movement (10-
17)

56. In most aircraft hydraulic systems , two-piece type connectors consisting of a sleeve and a B nut
are used when a tubing flare is required. The use of this type of connector eliminates

(i) The flaring operation prior to assembly

(ii) The damage to the flare caused by the wiping or ironing during the tightening process
(10-3)

(iii) Wrench damage to the tubing during the tightening process

(iv) None of the above

58. Teflon hoses

(i) Offers little resistance to flow

(ii) No. sticky viscous material will stick to it


(iii) Has less volumetric expansion than rubber

(iv) As in (i), (ii) & (iii) and the shelf and service life is practically limitless (10-14)

59. Tube fitting which has a shoulder between the end of the threads and the flare cone is of:

(i) A.C. Standard (ii) M.S. Standard

(iii) AN Standard(10-8)

(iv) As in (ii) and (iii) and the AC fitting does not have shoulder

60. Quick connect couplings provide a means of quickly disconnecting a line

(i) In case of emergency (ii) In case of high pressure due to failure of regulator valve

(iii) Without loss of fluid (iv) As in (iii) and preventing entrance of air in system (108)

1. In a metal tubing installation

(a) Rigid straight line runs are preferable

(b) Tension is undesirable because pressurisation will cause is to expand and shift (10-17)

(c) A tube may be pulled in if the nut will start on the threaded coupling

(d) None of the above

2. A 3/8 inch aircraft high pressure flexible hose as compared to 3/8

inch metal tubing used in the same system will

(a) Have about the same outer diameter


(b) Have equivalent flow characteristic

(c) Usually have interchangeable application

(d) Have same internal diameter

4. An O-ring intended for use in hydraulic system using MIL-H-5606 (Mineral base) fluid will
be marked with

a. A blue strip or dot (167)


b. One or more white dots
c. A white and yellow strip
d. Red strip

5. A hydraulic hose identified as MIL-H-8794 will have a yellow strip running the length of the
hose. This stripe

a) Identifies that the hose is for hydraulic fluid only

b) Is used to insure that the hose is installed without excessive

twisting

c) Identifies that the hose is constructed of synthetic rubber and

may be suitable for a wide range of operation

d) Both a) and b) are correct

6. To protect packing rings or seal from damage, when it is necessary to install them over or inside
threaded section, the

a) Threaded section should be coated with a heavy grease

b) Packing should be stretched during installation to avoid

contacts with the threads

c) Threaded section should be covered with a stiff paper sleeve

d) Packing should be lubricated


7. No-12 tubing has outside diameter of

a) b) c) 3/8 d)

8. What kind of rigid tubing can be flared with a double flare?

a) 5052-O Al-alloy

b) 6061-T Al-alloy tubing with size from 1/8 3/8 OD

c) 7075-T

d) Both a) and b) (111)

9. Identify the figure

(a) flared tublar (b) plateless fitting

(c) head and stamp (d) imaged plumbing

48. Counter sinking is the operation of

(a) producing an angular surface at the end of hole

(b) made in many diameter, sizes and angles

(c) making screws and bolt to flush with the surface

(d) all