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PROJECT

INTEGRATION OF WATER SUPPLY SCHEME

IN LINE 7 AND LINE 8

DESIGN REPORT FOR


CLEAR WATER RESERVOIR AT KALINDI KUNJ

CONSULTANT
WAPCOS LTD.

(A GOVERNMENT OF INDIA UNDERTAKING)

CLIENT

DELHI METRO RAIL CORPORATION

(DMRC)

DRG No. WAP/DMRC/INT/0 Rev R1

R1 30 Oct 2015 Submitted for Approval


REVISION DATE DESCRIPTION
SCOPE OF DESIGN REPORT

This design report consists of the design of Clear Water Reservoir at Kalindi Kunj being
constructed as part of the project Integration of Water Supply Scheme in Line 7 and Line 8.

Excel sheets have been used for design of components walls and foundations based on
Limit State Design as per provisions of IS 456 -2000 and IS 3370 - 2009 (Part 2).

Given data as per tender document is as given below:

Safe Bearing capacity : 79.2 kN/m2


Finished ground level : 204.00 m
Natural ground level : 198.00 m
Ground water table : 196.00 m

Page 1
DESIGN BASIS

Concrete grade: M 30

Steel grade: Fe 500

Density of Concrete = 25 kN/m3

Minimum clear cover to concrete elements:

Surfaces in contact with water : 45 mm

Surfaces not in contact with water

Slabs : 20 mm

Walls : 30 Mm

Beams : 30 mm

Columns : 40 mm

Foundations : 50 mm

Water retaining structures have been designed on Limit State design as per clause 4.4 of
IS 3370 2009 (Part 2). It states that the maximum calculated surface width of cracks for
direct tension and flexure shall not exceed 0.2 mm with specified cover. Crack widths have
been calculated as per the methods given in Annexure B of IS 3370 2009 (Part 2).

Surcharge Load for Fire Tender


It was intimated that surcharge load for fire tender shall be taken for the design of walls.
As per clause 214.1 of IRC 06 2014, surcharge equivalent to 1.2 m of earth fill shall be
considered for the structures designed to retail earth like abutments, return walls, etc. This is
applicable for highways. (Page attached)

As per Appendix G of Singapore Civil Defense Code (Pages attached), a surcharge of 10


kN/sqm is sufficient for a vehicle having gross weight equal to 30 Ton.

As per IS 6067 1983 (Functional requirements for Water Tender for Fire Brigade use),
gross vehicle weight of Fire Tender is 15 Ton including weight of crew, water and equipment
(Page attached)

Considering the above, surcharge of 0.8 m of equivalent earth fill (= 18 x 0.8 = 14.4 kN/sqm)
has been considered in design.

Page 2
IRC:6-2014
212.5 The overturning effect of the centrifugal force on the structure as a whole shall also

be duly considered.

213 BUOYANCY
213.1 In the design of abutments, especially those of submersible bridges, the effects of
buoyancy shall also be considered assuming that the fill behind the abutments has been
removed by scour.

213.2 To allow for full buoyancy, a reduction shall be made in the gross weight of the
member affected by reducing its density by the density of the displaced water.

Note: 1 )The density of water may be taken as 1 .0 t/m^

2) For artesian condition, HFL or actual water head, whichever is higher, shall be
considered for calculating the uplift.

213.3 In the design of submerged masonry or concrete structures, the buoyancy effect
through pore pressure may be limited to 15 percent of full buoyancy.

213.4 In case of submersible bridges, the full buoyancy effect on the superstructure shall
be taken into consideration.

214 EARTH PRESSURE


214.1 Structures designed to retain earth fills be proportioned to withstand pressure
shall
calculated in accordance with any rational theory. Coulomb's theory shall be acceptable,
subject to the modification that the centre of pressure exerted by the backfill, when considered
dry, is located at an elevation of 0.42 of the height of the wall above the base instead of 0.33
of that height. No structures shall, however, be designed to withstand a horizontal pressure
less than that exerted by a fluid weighing 480 kg/m^ All abutments and return walls shall be
designed for a live load surcharge equivalent to 1 .2 m earth fill.

214.2 Reinforced concrete approach slab with 12 mm dia 150 mm c/c in each direction
both at top and bottom as reinforcement in M30 grade concrete covering the entire width of
the roadway, with one end resting on the structure designed to retain earth and extending for
a length of not less than 3.5 m into the approach shall be provided.

214.3 All designs shall provide for the thorough drainage of backfilling materials by means
of weep holes and crushed rock or gravel drains, or pipe drains, or perforated drains.

214.4 The pressure of submerged soils (not provided with drainage arrangements) shall
be considered as made up of two components:

a) Pressure due to the earth calculated in accordance with the method laid down
in Clause 214.1 the , unit weight of earth being reduced for buoyancy, and

b) Full hydrostatic pressure of water

41
Page 3
Appendix G

Structural Loading of Fire Engine on Accessway

The following information will assist structural engineers in


the design of accessway.

(i) In general, the minimum width of the accessway shall be Accessway sizes
6m wide and the minimum length shall be 15m long.
Diagram A shows the relationship between the
accessway and parked fire engine with its front and rear
jacks extended

(ii) Accessway shall be on Accessway


loading
(a) suspended slabs, or
(b) on metalled or paved ground, or
(c) ground laid with strengthened perforated slabs or
(d) approved materials

to withstand the loading requirements of fire engine.

(iii) The accessway required to serve building shall be


constructed to sustain the load of a 30 tonnes fire
engine. The wheel load shall be considered separately
with the jack loads for both global and local effects.

(iv) Axles load for accessway shall be as follows : Axles load

Front Axle 7500kg 2 wheels


Rear Axle 21,000kg 8 wheels

(v) The jack load shall be assumed to be uniformly


distributed over a rectangular contact area of 923 cm
for both local and global analysis.

(v) The maximum pressure on one jack, even in the worst


case, will not exceed 80N/cm.

(vi) In the absence of more exact calculations, live load


surcharge for accessway on suitable material properly
consolidated may be assumed to be at least 10KN/m.

G1

Page 4
Diagram A

ACCESSWAY (WHEELS & JACKS LAYOUT)

5384mm

Wheel Spacing

G2
Page 5
IS : 6067 - 1983

1. SCOPE
1.1 This standard lays down the requirements regarding material,
design, construction, workmanship and finish, accessories and equipment
of water tender type X for fire brigade use.

2. GENERAL REQUIREMENT

2.1 The appliance shall carry 6 000 litres of water, a centrifugal


pump capable of delivering not less than 3 200 litres of water per minute
at O-7 MN/m2 and other accessories.

2.2 A hose reel shall be provided on the appliance.

2.3 The appliances shall be capable of performing all normal fire fighting
operations in various forms under requiring water pressure.

2.4 The appliance shall be designed to be as compact as possible


compatable with ease of accessibility to all parts.

2.5 Lever type valve controls shall be preferably used.

2.6 The water tender shall be fabricated in a manner so as to conform


to the following characteristics:

a) Gross vehicle mass Not less than 15 tonnes including


crew water and equipment

b) Maximum speed on level 75 km/h


road ( fully laden )
4 Acceleration from a
standing start through
the gears ( fully laden ) 50 km/h in 55 seconds

4 The appliance shall be capable of being started from rest on a


gradient of 1 to 4.
e) When travelling at 45 km/h on a level, dry surface road the foot
brake shall be capable of stopping the vehicle within a distance
of 15 m from the point at which the brake is applied. The
hand brake shall be capable of holding the fully laden
appliance on a dry surface gradient of 1 in 4 when in neutral
gear.
f) The appliance shall have the following overall dimensions:

Wheel base Not more than 5 m


Turning circle, (dia) Not more than 20 m
Road clearance Not less than 26 cm
Overall width Not more than 2.50 m
Page 6
4
Soil Bearing Capacity & Provision of Piles
As per the soil report, net soil bearing capacity at 1.0 m depth below NGL has been taken as
79.2 kN/sqm.

Accordingly, Gross Bearing Capacity has been taken as = 79.2 + 10 x 1 = 89.2 kN/sqm

Since pressure under the walls is exceeding the gross bearing capacity of soil, it was decided
to provide the piles.

Capacity of piles = 16 Ton = 160 kN (Refer next section for detailed calculations)

Total width of footing = 3.9 m (Wall W1) and 4.7 m (Wall W2)
Centre to center spacing of piles = 3.2 m
Effective area of two piles = 3.9 m x 3.2 m / 4.7 m x 3.2 m

Load on effective area for wall W1 = 0.5 x (72.25 + 153.6) x 3.9 x 3.2 = 1409.3 kN
(Refer design of footing for Wall W1 for pressures)
Load carried by piles = 160 x 2 = 320 kN
Balance load on earth = 1409.3 320 = 1089.3 kN
Effective pressure on earth = 1089.3 / 3.9 / 3.2 = 87.3 kN/sqm < Gross SBC 89.2 kN/sqm
Hence OK.

Load on effective area for wall W2 = 0.5 x (101.67 + 97.26) x 4.7x 3.2 = 1496.0 kN
(Refer design of footing for Wall W2 for pressures)
Load carried by piles = 160 x 2 = 320 kN
Balance load on earth = 1496.0 320 = 1176.0 kN
Effective pressure on earth = 1176.0 / 4.7 / 3.2 = 78.2 kN/sqm < Gross SBC 89.2 kN/sqm
Hence OK.

Page 7
Calculating Capacity of Piles as per IS 2911 - 2010 Part 1, Section 2

Page 8
CALCULATIONOFSAFEBEARINGCAPACITYOFPILESFORPROPOSEDMETRODEPOTATKALINDIKUNJ
DATAFROMTHEGEOTECHNICALINVESTIGATIONREPORT
1stsoillayerGL.to2.75m.(Clayeysiltyclayoflowplasticity(SC))
c=0.5t/sqm,=31,Density,=1.00t/cum(submerged)
2ndSoillayer2.75mto20.5m(Poorlygradedfinetomediumsand)
C=0.0t/sqm,=33,Density=1.00t/cum(submerged)

Sincethepileisrestingonthe2ndsoillayer.thecalculationparameterforendresistanceofpileisasunder
Diaofpile,D 0.4 m

Thecutofflevelofpile2.0mbelowthegroundlevelandhencethicknessof1stlayerofstrataeffective
lengthwillbe0.75mandsecondlayerofstrataeffectivelengthwillbe4.25mforapilelengthof7m
Effective Length of pile 5m
ForGranularSoils

ForCohesiveSoils

Ap=crosssectionalareaofpiletip,inm2; 0.1256
D=diameterofpileshaft,inm; 0.4
10 FromGeotechreport
=effectiveunitweightofthesoilatpiletip,inKN/cum
N=bearingcapacityfactor 37.78 FromIS6403
Nq=bearingcapacityfactor 35 FromIS2011.1.2.2010
PD=effectiveoverburdenpressureatpiletip, 60 FromIS2011.1.2.2010

Ki=coefficientofearthpressureapplicablefortheithlayer 1 FromGeotechreport

PDi=effectiveoverburdenpressurefortheithlayer 42.5
=angleofwallfrictionbetweenpileandsoilfortheith 33 FromGeotechreport
layer
Tan 0.6494
As2=surfaceareaofpileshaftinthe2ndlayer, 5.338
As1=surfaceareaofpileshaftinthe1stlayer, 0.942
Nc=bearingcapacityfactor 9 FromGeotechreport
cp=averagecohesionatpiletip,inkN/m2 5 FromGeotechreport
ai=adhesionfactorfortheithlayerdependingonthe FromGeotechreport
0.3
consistencyofsoil
ci=averagecohesionfortheithlayer,inkN/m2 5 FromGeotechreport
UltimateLoadcapacityinCohesive1stlayer= 7.07
UltimateLoadcapacityinGranularSoil2ndlayer= 420.58
TotalUltimateloadcapacity(Qu)ofpiles,inKN,= 427.64
Usingfactorofsafety,2.5forarrivingatsafebearingcapacity
Thus,SafeBearingcapacity,inKN= 171.06
Assumedworkingcapacityofthepile(Tobeverifiedbyloadtest)= 160KN

Page 9
REFERENCES CODES AND STANDARDS

IS 456 - 2000:- Code of practice for Plain & Reinforced Concrete

IS 875 - 1987:- Code of practice for design loads for building & structures (part I to part IV)

IS 1893 - 2002:- Criteria for earthquake resistant design of structures.

IS 800 - 2007:- Code of practice for general construction in steel

IS 13920 - 1993:- Code of practice for ductile detailing for reinforced concrete structures
subjected to seismic forces

IS 3370 - Part 1: 2009:- Code of practice for concrete structure for the storage of Liquids
(General Requirements)

IS 3370 - Part 2: 2009:- Code of practice for concrete structure for the storage of Liquids
(Reinforced concrete structure)

IS 3370 - Part4: 1967:- Code of practice for concrete structure for the storage of Liquids
(Design Tables)

Page 10
DESIGN METHODOLOGY

List of abbreviations along with units:


fck = characteristic cube compressive strength of concrete (N/mm2)
fy = Characteristic strength of steel (N/mm2)
m = modular ratio
a = Height of fill (m)
b = Length of wall (m)
c = Clear cover to reinforcement (mm)
= Dia of bar (assumed in mm)
c' = Nominal cover to reinforcement (mm)
w = Design surface crack width (mm)
s = maximum spacing between adjoining bars (assumed in mm)
cr = maximum spacing of tensile bar from outer edge of concrete (assumed in mm)
k = coefficient of active pressure
k = modified coefficient of active pressure of adjoining wall w.r.t. height of present
wall
= Density of fill (KN/m3)

2.0 Steps followed in design:


1. Calculate the ratio of length of wall (b) and height of fill (a)
2. Depending upon the ratio b/a, we see whether the wall is Cantilever (b/a > 3), Three
Edges Fixed (0.5 < b/a < 3) or Horizontal Spanning Wall (b/a < 0.5).
3. Then b/a for both the fills is equalized so to get moment values at same fraction of
height due to Fill 1 and Fill 2. This helps to compare the calculated reinforcement for
Case 1 (Fill 1 acting; Fill 2 not acting) and Case 2 (Fill 1 acting; Fill 2 not acting) on
both the fills.
4. Vertical moments :
4.1. Coefficient for vertical moment as per IS code.
i. For cantilever wall, the coefficients at different heights are worked out
by the formula wH3/6.
ii. For horizontal spanning wall, bottom h = H/4 or 1 m (whichever is
greater) is designed to act as cantilever and balance height is
designed as horizontal spanning.
iii. For three edges fixed wall, the coefficients are taken from IS 3370
Part IV.

Page 11
4.2. These coefficients are then multiplied by multiplier. Multiplier = k x x H3
for cantilever and three edges fixed wall and k x x H x h2 for horizontal
spanning wall.
4.3. The multiplier is multiplied with coefficient to calculate the vertical bending
moment.
4.4. Additional moments due to walkway etc. are added to the vertical
moments.
4.5. Then it is checked whether any direct tension due to suspended slab
bottom is there or not. If yes, then modified vertical moments are
calculated.
4.6. Reinforcement is calculated for modified moments and direct tension.
Calculated reinforcement is compared with minimum reinforcement as per
IS 3370-2009.
5. Horizontal moments :
5.1. Coefficient for horizontal moment as per IS code
i. For cantilever wall, coefficients = 0.
ii. For horizontal spanning wall, coefficient = 1/12 at edge and 1/16 at
mid span.
iii. For three edges fixed wall, the coefficients are taken from IS 3370
Part IV.
5.2. These coefficients are then multiplied by multiplier. Multiplier = k x x H3
for three edges fixed and horizontal spanning wall and 0 for cantilever wall.

5.3. The multiplier is multiplied with coefficient to calculate the horizontal


bending moment at the edge and middle of span.
5.4. If there is any adjoining wall, then redistribution of horizontal moments at
edge is done between the two walls based on their moments and their
relative stiffness. Moments at the middle of the span are also corrected as
per the redistribution of moments. Redistribution of moments is optional.
5.5. Redistributed moments are further modified for any direct tension due to
adjoining wall.
5.6. Reinforcement is calculated for modified moments and direct tension at the
edge and for middle span moments. Calculated reinforcement is compared
with minimum reinforcement as per IS 3370-2009.
6. Limit State design for vertical as well as horizontal moments :
6.1. Limit state design is done for both horizontal as well as vertical moments
As per IS 3370 Part 2 - 2009, Annexure B,

Page 12
6.2. Reinforcement and thickness are assumed and crack width is calculated to
be less than permissible crack width. Stress in reinforcement is limited to
0.8 fy.

Page 13
DESIGN OF WALLS

Page 14
DESIGN OF WALL W1 Location: Outer Wall

DESIGN DATA

b=Lengthofwall(m) BOW=Bottomofwall(m) TOW=Topofwall(m)


GWT=Groundwatertable(m) BOF=Bottomoffill(m)

Length b: 18.00 BOF: 197.500 GWT: 197.000

BOW: 197.500 TOW: 205.000

Surcharge (in term of equivalent earth height) on Fill 2 (m) = 0.80

Top edge restraint: Yes Redistribution of moments with adjoining wall: No

TOF=Topofrespectivefill
HOF=Heightofrespectivefill DesignHOFa=MaxofboththeHOFs

TOF HOF Design


Fill Type b/a Design Methodology
m m HOF a
Fill 1 Water 205.000 7.50 7.50 2.40 Propped Cantilever Wall
Fill 2 Earth 204.000 6.50 7.50 2.40 Propped Cantilever Wall

Height of wall from BOF (m) = 7.50 Design Height of Wall (m) = 7.50
Height of wall from BOW (m) = 7.50

Details of Adjoining Walls Type for Direct Do redistribution /


Case Wall Length b BOW HOF a Tension D-tension transfer
Case 1 - - - No
Case 2 - - - No

Momentredistribution/DirecttensionisoptionalandsubjecttosameBOW&HOFforbothwalls
Adjoiningwalltowardsthefillwillcausedirecttensioninthiswall
Adjoiningwallawayfromfillwillcausedirectcompressioninthiswall

Detail of Walkways Width Th Addl DL LL T Load


2
m mm kN/m kN/m2 kN/m2
Cantilever walkway on Fill 2 Side - - - - -
Cantilever walkway on Fill 1 Side - - - - -

AdditionalDLonwalkwayasaboveexcludesSelfweight
TLoad=TotalLoad/m2= (25*Th/1000)+AddlDL+LL

Walkway moment on Fill 1 face (kN-m/m): - on Fill 2 face: -


Additional moment on Fill 1 face (kN-m/m): - on Fill 2 face: -

WalkwayonFill2sidewillcausemomentonFill1sideandviceversa
Walkwaymoment=TLoad*Width^2/2

MomentonFill1facemeansmomentcausestensiononfill1faceandviceversa
Totaladditionalmoment=Walkwaymoment+Additionalmoment

Total additional moment on Fill 1 face (kN-m/m): - on Fill 2 face: -

Direct tension in Vertical wall from Suspended slab: Long -

Page 15
Shearattheedgeofsuspendedslabwillappearasdirecttensioninwallinverticaldirection

DESIGN PARAMETERS

fck = 30 fy = 500 m = 9.33 Es = 2.00E+05


N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2

k= coefficientofactiveearthpressure k(Fill1=Water)= 1.000


k(Fill2=Earth)= 0.333
c=
Clearcovertoreinforcement
= w= Densityofsewagewater(kN/m3)=
3
DensitykN/m 10.5
d= Densityofdrysoil(kN/m3)= 18.0
sat= Densityofsaturatedsoil(kN/m3)= 20.0
sub= Densityofsubmergedsoil= sat= 10.0
= Diaofreinforcement c'= Effectivecover=c+0.5*
w= Permissiblecrackwidth s= Spacingofreinforcement
cr=maximumspacingoftensilebarfromouteredgeofconcrete(mm)

Notethatthecrackwidthiscalculatedfortheabovevaluesofdia,spacings,effectivecoverc'
andcr

Revised values of k for Fill 1 and Fill 2

Revisedvalueofkiscalculatedforfill1orfill2,asrequiredtoequalizetheheightofbothfills.

k'(Fill1)= k(Fill1)*HOF1^2/(MAX(HOF1,HOF2)^2)= 1.000


k'(Fill2)= k(Fill2)*HOF2^2/(MAX(HOF1,HOF2)^2)= 0.250

Valueofk'forearthisfurherrevisedtotakeintoaccounttheeffectofwatertable,ifapplicable

k' c w s c' cr
Fill Type
mm mm mm mm mm mm
Fill 1 Water 1.000 45 16 0.2 250 53 127.77
Fill 2 Earth 0.250 30 16 0.2 250 38 122.65

ASSUMED THICKNESS OF WALL AT VARIOUS LEVELS

Height from bottom 0.00 7.50 - - Height above BOF = 7.50


Provided thickness 700 300 - - Taper = One side

Page 16
CASE 1 FILL 1 ACTING ; FILL 2 NOT ACTING

DESIGNING FOR VERTICAL MOMENTS

ProppedCantileverWall

Momentcoefficientatbottom=1/15 atmidheight=1/32
Momentcoefficientsassumedtobesameatedge,quarterpointandmidpoint
Multiplier=k'**HOF^3

forFill1(kN/m )= 10.5
3
k'forFill1= 1.000
Respectivecoefficientsaremultipliedbymultipliertogetvaluesofbendingmoment

Coefficients Unfactored moments kN-m/m


Ht from
bottom of Quarter- Multiplier Quarter-
Mid-point Edge Mid-point Edge
wall (m) point point
7.50
7.50 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.00
5.63 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.00
3.75 0.0313 0.0313 0.0313 4429.7 138.43 138.43 138.43
1.88 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.00
0.00 -0.0667 -0.0667 -0.0667 4429.7 -295.31 -295.31 -295.31

NegativemomentsimpliestensionfaceisFill1
TotalmomentonFill1face=MaximumoftheveBMatareferenceheight+Addlmoments,ifany
TotalmomentonFill2face=Maximumofthe+veBMatareferenceheight+Addlmoments,ifany

Directtension(T)actinginverticaldirection,ifanyisduetosuspendedslab.ReferDesignData
Directtension(T)fromsuspendedslabisassumedtoactforadistanceof1/4thofheightoffill.

ModifiedmomentsarecalculatedforFill1facetocheckwhetherthesectionisintensionorbending.
Thisisrequiredbecausecrackwidthcalculationformulaearedifferenceforthesetwocases.
NochangeinsignofmomentMindicatesthatthesectionisprimarilyinbending
ChangeinsignofmomentMindicatesthatthesectionisprimarilyinbending

Modifiedmomentiscalculatedbytransferringdirecttensiontotensileface(Fill1face)

D=Overallthickness d=Effectivedepth=Dc'
d0.5*D=Distanceoftensilereinffromcentreofsection
ModifiedmomentM1= TotalmomentT*(d0.5*D)

MinimumreinforcementhasbeenbeencalculatedaspertheprovisionsofIS3370Part22009

Page 17
Total Moments M Modified moments M1
(unfactored) (unfactored)
Ht from Provided Section in
Direct
bottom of Fill 1 Fill 2 thickness d - 0.5*D Fill 1 Tension / Min Reinf
Tension T
wall D Bending
2
m kN-m/m kN-m/m mm kN/m mm kN-m/m mm
7.50 300 525
7.50 0.00 0.00 300 0.00 Bending 525
5.63 0.00 0.00 400 0.00 Bending 700
3.75 0.00 138.43 500 0.00 Bending 875
1.88 0.00 0.00 600 0.00 247 0.00 Bending 875
0.00 -295.31 0.00 700 0.00 297 -295.31 Bending 875

Calculating required reinforcement for Limit State of Strength

Reinforcementiscalculatedforfactoredmomentsandtensions;LoadFactor=1.5

SectioninBending
M1u=M1*1.5;Tu=T*1.5
RequiredreinforcementbasedonthevaluesofM1u/bd2istakenfromSP16
RequiredreinforcementforTu=Tu/0.87*fy
Totalrequiredreinforcement=MAX((AstforMu+AstforTu),Minreinf)

SectioninTension
TensiononexcesstensilefaceT'=0.5*T+M*1000/(dc0.5*)
T'u=T'*1.5 RequiredreinforcementforT'u=T'u/0.87*fy
Totalrequiredreinforcement=MAX(AstforT'u,Minreinf)

Fill 1 Face
Secion in Bending Section in Tension
Ht from
Moment Tension Tension Tension Ast for Ast for Tu /
bottom of d = D - c' Reqd reinf
M1u Tu T' T'u M1u T'u
wall
Factored Factored Unfactor Factored
m mm kN-m/m kN/m kN/m kN/m mm2 mm2 mm2
7.50 525
7.50 247 0.00 0 - 525
5.63 347 0.00 0 - 700
3.75 447 0.00 0 - 875
1.88 547 0.00 0.00 0 - 875
0.00 647 442.97 0.00 1644 - 1644

SectioninBending
Mu=M*1.5(ForFill2)
RequiredreinforcementbasedonthevaluesofMu/bd2istakenfromSP16
Totalrequiredreinforcement=MAX(AstforMu,Minreinf)

SectioninTension
TensiononlesstensilefaceT''=0.5*TM*1000/(dc0.5*)
T''u=T''*1.5 RequiredreinforcementforT''u=T''u/0.87*fy
Totalrequiredreinforcement=MAX(AstforT''u,Minreinf)

Page 18
Fill 2 Face
Bending Section in Tension
Ht from
Moment Tension Tension Ast for
bottom of d = D - c' Ast for T"u Reqd reinf
Mu T'' T''u Mu
wall
Factored Unfactor Factored
m mm kN-m/m kN/m kN/m mm2 mm2 mm2
7.50 525
7.50 262 0.00 0 - 525
5.63 362 0.00 0 - 700
3.75 462 207.64 1075 - 1075
1.88 562 0.00 0 - 875
0.00 662 0.00 0 - 875

CASE 2: FILL 2 ACTING ; FILL 1 NOT ACTING

Designing for Vertical Moments

ProppedCantileverWall -

ReferCase1forexplanationofmomentcoefficientsandmultiplier
forFill2(kN/m )= 18.0
3
k'forFill2= 0.333

Surcharge(equivalentearthheight)onFill2(m)=hs= 0.80 = 14.40 kN/m2

SurchargepressurePs(kN/m2)=k'**hs= 4.80

Surchargemoment(kNm/m)=0.5*Ps*(HOFh)^2
whereh=heightfromtopoffill

Ht from Coefficients Unfactored moments kN-m/m Surcharge


bottom of Quarter- Multiplier Quarter- moments
wall (m) Mid-point point Edge Mid-point point Edge kN-m/m
7.50
7.50 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.00 -
5.63 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.00 8.43
3.75 0.0313 0.0313 0.0313 1899.3 59.35 59.35 59.35 33.72
1.88 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.00 75.86
0.00 -0.0667 -0.0667 -0.0667 1899.3 -126.62 -126.62 -126.62 134.87

NegativemomentsimpliesthattensionfaceisFill2

TotalmomentonFill1face=Maxof+veBMatreferencepoint=Addlmoment,ifany
TotalmomentonFill2face=MaxofveBMatreferencepoint+Addlmoment+Surchargemoments

ReferCase1forexplanationofthecalculationdoneinthefollowingtable

Total Moments M Modified moments M1


(unfactored) (unfactored)
Ht from Provided Section in
Direct
bottom of Fill 1 face Fill 2 face thickness d - 0.5*D Fill 2 face Tension / Min Reinf
Tension T
wall D Bending
2
m kN-m/m kN-m/m mm kN/m mm kN-m/m mm
7.50 300 525
7.50 0.00 0.00 300 0.00 Bending 525

Page 19
5.63 0.00 -8.43 400 -8.43 Bending 700
3.75 59.35 -33.72 500 -33.72 Bending 875
1.88 0.00 -75.86 600 0.00 262 -75.86 Bending 875
0.00 0.00 -261.49 700 0.00 312 -261.49 Bending 875
Calculating required reinforcement for Limit State of Strength

Reinforcementiscalculatedforfactoredmomentsandtensions;LoadFactor=1.5
ReferCase1CalculationofreinfforFill1forexplanationofthefollowingtable

Fill 2 Face
Secion in Bending Section in Tension
Ht from
Moment Tension Tension Tension Ast for Ast for Tu /
bottom of d = D - c' Reqd reinf
M1u Tu T' T'u M1u T'u
wall
Factored Factored Unfactor Factored
m mm kN-m/m kN/m kN/m kN/m mm2 mm2 mm2
7.50 525
7.50 262 0.00 0 - 525
5.63 362 12.64 77 - 700
3.75 462 50.57 256 - 875
1.88 562 113.79 0.00 473 - 875
0.00 662 392.23 0.00 1410 - 1410

ReferCase1CalculationofreinfforFill2forexplanationofthefollowingtable

Fill 1 Face
Bending Section in Tension
Ht from
Moment Tension Tension Ast for
bottom of d = D - c' Ast for T"u Reqd reinf
Mu T'' T''u Mu
wall
Factored Unfactor Factored
m mm kN-m/m kN/m kN/m mm2 mm2 mm2
7.50 525
7.50 247 0.00 14 - 525
5.63 347 0.00 10 - 700
3.75 447 89.03 463 - 875
1.88 547 0.00 6 - 875
0.00 647 0.00 5 - 875

Summary of Vertical Reinforcement (Provided)

MaximumoftherequiredreinforcementascalculatedforCase1andCase2aretabulatedbelow.

Reqd reinf Provided reinforcement


Ht from
bottom of
wall Fill 1 Fill 2 Fill 1 Fill 2
7.50 525 525 12200+12200 00000+16200
7.50 700 525 12200+12200 00000+16200
5.63 875 700 12200+12200 00000+16200
3.75 875 1075 25200+12200 00000+16100
1.88 875 875 25200+12200 00000+16100
0.00 1644 1410 25200+12200 00000+16100
Curtail at - Fill 1 - Fill 1 - Fill 2 - Fill 2 4.00 5.00

Page 20
Summary of Horizontal Reinforcement (Provided)

MaximumoftherequiredreinforcementascalculatedforCase1andCase2aretabulatedbelow.

Required horizontal reinforcement


Edge Middle portion
Ht from
bottom of Fill 1 Fill 2 Fill 1 Fill 2
wall
7.50 525 525 525 525
7.50 525 525 525 525
5.63 700 700 700 700
3.75 875 875 875 875
1.88 875 875 875 875
0.00 875 875 875 875

Provided horizontal reinforcement


Edge Middle Portion
Ht from
Fill 1Extra reinf (b) + Fill 2Extra reinf (b)
bottom of Fill 1Thru' reinf (a) Fill 2Thru' reinf (a)
Thru' reinf (a) +Thru' reinf (a)
wall
7.50 00000+12150 00000+12150 00000+12150 00000+12150
7.50 00000+12150 00000+12150 00000+12150 00000+12150
5.63 00000+12150 00000+12150 00000+12150 00000+12150
3.75 00000+12120 00000+12120 00000+12120 00000+12120
1.88 00000+12120 00000+12120 00000+12120 00000+12120
0.00 00000+12120 00000+12120 00000+12120 00000+12120
Break at - Fill 1 - Fill 1 - Fill 2 - Fill 2 4.00 4.00

CHECK FOR SHEAR

ProppedCantileverWall

Shearalongsideedge
1mlengthofwallisassumedtocontributetowardsshearatverticaledge
Shear=1*Pressureofthefill (Coefficient=1)
Pressureofthefill=k'**(HOFh);h=heightfrombottom,k'and arefortherespectivefills
Shearatcorner&midptofbottomedge
Shear=1.0*k'**HOF^2=0.5*HOF*Pressureoffill (Coefficient=0.5*HOF)

CASE 1 FILL 1 ACTING ; FILL 2 NOT ACTING

Ht from Effective
Pressure
bottom of Location Coeff Shear V Depth D depth d =
of fill
wall h D - c'
m kN/m2 kN/m mm mm
7.50
7.50 Side edge - 1.000 0.00 300 247
5.63 Side edge 19.69 1.000 19.69 400 347
3.75 Side edge 39.38 1.000 39.38 500 447
1.88 Side edge 59.06 1.000 59.06 600 547
0.00 Corner - bottom edge 78.75 -3.750 -295.31 700 647
0.00 Mid pt - bottom edge 78.75 3.750 295.31 700 647

Negativesignindicatesthatreactionactsinthedirectionofload.
Thiswillnotcausedirecttensioninadjoiningwall.

Page 21
FactoredShearVu=1.5*V v=Vu*1000/(1000*d)
Ast=providedtensionreinfHorizontalforsideedge&Verticalforbottomedge
%Ast=Ast(provided)*100/(1000*d)
Shearstrengthofconcreteciscalculatedfromtable19ofIS4562000
Shearstrengthismultipliedbyfactorforenhancedshearstrengthofconcretenearsupport.
Referclause40.5and40.2.1.1ofIS4562000forenhancementofshearstrength
cismultipliedby2forshearstrengthatedge,becauseshearstressbeingveryclosetosupport
cisalsomultipliedbyanotherfactorforsolidslabs1.0to1.3dependingonthicknessofslab
c,maxisaspertable20ofIS4562000
CheckforshearisOK,ifv<Factor*candv<0.5*c,max

Ht from Nominal Shear


Factored Provided Maximum Check for
bottom of Shear V shear % Ast Strength
Shear Vu Ast c,max Shear
wall h stress v Factor * c

m kN/m kN/m N/mm2 mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2


7.50
7.50 0.00 0.00 0.000 754 0.31 0.80 3.50 OK
5.63 19.69 29.53 0.085 754 0.22 0.70 3.50 OK
3.75 39.38 59.06 0.132 942 0.21 0.68 3.50 OK
1.88 59.06 88.59 0.162 942 0.17 0.62 3.50 OK
0.00 295.31 442.97 0.685 3020 0.47 0.96 3.50 OK
0.00 295.31 442.97 0.685 3020 0.47 0.96 3.50 OK

CASE 2 FILL 2 ACTING ; FILL 1 NOT ACTING

Ht from Effective
Pressure
bottom of Location Coeff Shear V Depth D depth d =
of fill
wall h D - c'
m kN/m2 kN/m mm mm
7.50
7.50 Side edge - 1.000 0.00 300 262
5.63 Side edge 8.44 1.000 8.44 400 362
3.75 Side edge 16.88 1.000 16.88 500 462
1.88 Side edge 25.32 1.000 25.32 600 562
0.00 Corner - bottom edge 33.77 -3.750 -126.62 700 662
0.00 Mid pt - bottom edge 33.77 3.750 126.62 700 662

Ht from Nominal Shear


Factored Provided Maximum Check for
bottom of Shear V shear % Ast Strength
Shear Vu Ast c,max Shear
wall h stress v Factor * c
2
m kN/m kN/m N/mm mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2
7.50
7.50 0.00 0.00 0.000 754 0.29 1.01 3.50 OK
5.63 8.44 12.66 0.035 754 0.21 0.88 3.50 OK
3.75 16.88 25.32 0.055 942 0.20 0.88 3.50 OK
1.88 25.32 37.99 0.068 942 0.17 0.81 3.50 OK
0.00 126.62 189.93 0.287 2011 0.30 1.04 3.50 OK
0.00 126.62 189.93 0.287 2011 0.30 1.04 3.50 OK

Page 22
CHECK FOR CRACK WIDTH :-

Checkforcrackwidthisdoneforfollowinglocations:

(a)Case1(OnlyFill1Acting)VerticalMomentsFill1Face
(b)Case2(OnlyFill2Acting)VerticalMomentsFill2Face
(c)Case1(OnlyFill1Acting)HorizontalMomentsatEdgeFill1Face
(d)Case2(OnlyFill2Acting)HorizontalMomentsatEdgeFill2Face
(e)Case1(OnlyFill1Acting)HorizontalMomentsatMiddleFill2Face
(f)Case2(OnlyFill2Acting)HorizontalMomentsatMiddleFill1Face

ProcedureforcalculatingcrackwidthhasbeenexplainedwhiledoingcalculationsforSrl(a)
CrackwidthcalculationsforSrl(b)toSrl(f)hasnotbeenmadepartofdesigncalculations,becausenoneofthe
momentsandtensionsexceedthefollowingvalues,whichareeverysmall
Moment= 10kNm/m Tension= 10kN/m

Checking crack width - Fill 1 - Vertical moments

Data for check of crack width

Height Forces on section Section in Tension Provided reinf


Overall Section in
from
thickness Bending / Moment Direct Ast Fill 1 Ast Fill 2
bottom of T' T"
D Tension M Tension T As As'
wall
m mm kN-m/m kN/m kN/m kN/m mm2 mm2
7.50
7.50 300 Bending 0.00 1131 1005
5.63 400 Bending 0.00 1131 1005
3.75 500 Bending 59.35 3020 2011
1.88 600 Bending 0.00 0.00 3020 2011
0.00 700 Bending 295.31 0.00 3020 2011

MomentMandDirecttensionTaretheforcesactingonthesection
Procedureforcheckingwhetherthesectionisbendingortensionisexplainedearlier
T'=tensiononexcesstensileface;T"=tensiononlesstensileface
T'andT"arecalculatedonlyifthesectionisintension
ProcedureforcalculatingT'andT"incasesectionisintensionhasalsobeenexplainedearlier.
As=Reinforcementontensionface;As'=Reinforcementoncompressionface/lesstensileface

ProcedureforcalculationofcrackwidthSectioninBending

Notethatthecrackwidthiscalculatedforvaluesofdia,spacingsandcr
asgivenindesignparameters.

CalculatingdepthofNAfortheprovidedreinforcementAsandAs'

fc=stressinextremecompressionfibre
fsandfs'=stressinreinfneartensionandcompressionfacerespectively
x=DepthofNA
d=Effectivedepth=Dc' c'=Effectivecover(mm)= 53
d'=distanceofcentreofcompressionreinforcementfromextremecompressionfibre= 38

Page 23
Relationbetweenthestressesisasgivenbelow:

NetTensionT=TotaltensileforceTTotalcompressiveforceC

Takingmomentaboutthetensionreinforcement

Aboveequationsaresolvedforthevaluesoffc,fs,fs'andx.

ReferIS3370(Part2)2009forcrackwidthcalculations

1=Straininextremetensionfibre=

2=Strainduetostiffeningeffectinconcrete=

m=Averagesurfacestrain=12

Crackwidthw=

ProcedureforcalculationofcrackwidthSectioninTension

Stressinreinfnearexcesstensilefacefs= T'*1000/As

Stressinreinfnearlesstensilefacefs'= T"*1000/As'

s=Straininreinfnearexcesstensileface=

Straingradient=

1=Straininextremetensionfibre=s+straingradientxd'

2=Strainduetostiffeningeffectinconcrete=

m=Averagesurfacestrain=12
Crackwidthw=

GrossareaofconcreteAc=1000*D+(m1)*(As+As')

Page 24
DirectTensioninconcretefct=T*1000/Ac

Permissiblevalues
2
Stressinreinforcement(N/mm )=0.8*fy= 400
2
Bendingstressinextremecompressionfibrefc(N/mm )=0.45*fck= 13.5
Directtensioninconcretefct(N/mm2)= 3.6
Crackwidthw(mm)= 0.2

section in bending section in tension crack width calculations check


fs x fs fs' 1 2 m w fc/fct
2
N/mm mm N/mm2 N/mm2 mm N/mm2

0.0 59.6 0.0000 0.0005 -0.0005 -0.1032 0.0


0.0 71.9 0.0000 0.0006 -0.0006 -0.1469 0.0
48.4 122.8 0.0003 0.0002 0.0000 0.0075 2.0
0.0 138.7 0.0000 0.0003 -0.0003 -0.0811 0.0
164.1 153.3 0.0009 0.0003 0.0005 0.1617 5.5
ALLOK ALLOK ALLOK

Checking crack width - Fill 2 - Vertical moments

Data for check of crack width

Height Forces on section Section in Tension Provided reinf


Overall Section in
from
thickness Bending / Moment Direct Ast Fill 1 Ast Fill 2
bottom of T' T"
D Tension M Tension T As As'
wall
m mm kN-m/m kN/m kN/m kN/m mm2 mm2
7.50
7.50 300 Bending 0.00 1005 1131
5.63 400 Bending 8.43 1005 1131
3.75 500 Bending 138.43 2011 3020
1.88 600 Bending 75.86 0.00 2011 3020
0.00 700 Bending 261.49 0.00 2011 3020

section in bending section in tension crack width calculations check


fs x fs fs' 1 2 m w fc/fct
2
N/mm mm N/mm2 N/mm2 mm N/mm2

0.0 60.3 0.0000 0.0005 -0.0005 -0.0980 0.0


24.8 71.2 0.0001 0.0006 -0.0005 -0.1105 0.7
161.0 103.2 0.0009 0.0004 0.0006 0.1405 5.0
72.1 115.2 0.0004 0.0004 0.0000 -0.0088 2.0
209.8 126.4 0.0012 0.0005 0.0006 0.1790 5.3
ALLOK ALLOK ALLOK

Page 25
DESIGN OF WALL W2 Location: Internal Wall

DESIGN DATA

b=Lengthofwall(m) BOW=Bottomofwall(m) TOW=Topofwall(m)


GWT=Groundwatertable(m) BOF=Bottomoffill(m)

Length b: 18.00 BOF: 197.500 GWT: 197.000

BOW: 197.500 TOW: 205.000

Surcharge (in term of equivalent earth height) on Fill 2 (m) = 0.00

Top edge restraint: Yes Redistribution of moments with adjoining wall: No

TOF=Topofrespectivefill
HOF=Heightofrespectivefill DesignHOFa=MaxofboththeHOFs

TOF HOF Design


Fill Type b/a Design Methodology
m m HOF a
Fill 1 Water 205.000 7.50 7.50 2.40 Propped Cantilever Wall
Fill 2 Water 205.000 7.50 7.50 2.40 Propped Cantilever Wall

Height of wall from BOF (m) = 7.50 Design Height of Wall (m) = 7.50
Height of wall from BOW (m) = 7.50

Details of Adjoining Walls Type for Direct Do redistribution /


Case Wall Length b BOW HOF a Tension D-tension transfer
Case 1 - - - No
Case 2 - - - No

Momentredistribution/DirecttensionisoptionalandsubjecttosameBOW&HOFforbothwalls
Adjoiningwalltowardsthefillwillcausedirecttensioninthiswall
Adjoiningwallawayfromfillwillcausedirectcompressioninthiswall

Detail of Walkways Width Th Addl DL LL T Load


2
m mm kN/m kN/m2 kN/m2
Cantilever walkway on Fill 2 Side - - - - -
Cantilever walkway on Fill 1 Side - - - - -

AdditionalDLonwalkwayasaboveexcludesSelfweight
TLoad=TotalLoad/m2= (25*Th/1000)+AddlDL+LL

Walkway moment on Fill 1 face (kN-m/m): - on Fill 2 face: -


Additional moment on Fill 1 face (kN-m/m): - on Fill 2 face: -

WalkwayonFill2sidewillcausemomentonFill1sideandviceversa
Walkwaymoment=TLoad*Width^2/2

MomentonFill1facemeansmomentcausestensiononfill1faceandviceversa
Totaladditionalmoment=Walkwaymoment+Additionalmoment

Total additional moment on Fill 1 face (kN-m/m): - on Fill 2 face: -

Direct tension in Vertical wall from Suspended slab: Long -

Page 26
Shearattheedgeofsuspendedslabwillappearasdirecttensioninwallinverticaldirection

DESIGN PARAMETERS

fck = 30 fy = 500 m = 9.33 Es = 2.00E+05


N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2

k= coefficientofactiveearthpressure k(Fill1=Water)= 1.000


k(Fill2=Water)= 1.000
c=
Clearcovertoreinforcement
= w= Densityofsewagewater(kN/m3)=
3
DensitykN/m 10.5
d= Densityofdrysoil(kN/m3)= 18.0
sat= Densityofsaturatedsoil(kN/m3)= 20.0
sub= Densityofsubmergedsoil= sat= 10.0
= Diaofreinforcement c'= Effectivecover=c+0.5*
w= Permissiblecrackwidth s= Spacingofreinforcement
cr=maximumspacingoftensilebarfromouteredgeofconcrete(mm)

Notethatthecrackwidthiscalculatedfortheabovevaluesofdia,spacings,effectivecoverc'
andcr

Revised values of k for Fill 1 and Fill 2

Revisedvalueofkiscalculatedforfill1orfill2,asrequiredtoequalizetheheightofbothfills.

k'(Fill1)= k(Fill1)*HOF1^2/(MAX(HOF1,HOF2)^2)= 1.000


k'(Fill2)= k(Fill2)*HOF2^2/(MAX(HOF1,HOF2)^2)= 1.000

Valueofk'forearthisfurherrevisedtotakeintoaccounttheeffectofwatertable,ifapplicable

k' c w s c' cr
Fill Type
mm mm mm mm mm mm
Fill 1 Water 1.000 45 16 0.2 250 53 127.77
Fill 2 Water 1.000 45 16 0.2 250 53 127.77

ASSUMED THICKNESS OF WALL AT VARIOUS LEVELS

Height from bottom 0.00 7.50 - - Height above BOF = 7.50


Provided thickness 700 300 - - Taper = One side

Page 27
CASE 1 FILL 1 ACTING ; FILL 2 NOT ACTING

DESIGNING FOR VERTICAL MOMENTS

ProppedCantileverWall

Momentcoefficientatbottom=1/15 atmidheight=1/32
Momentcoefficientsassumedtobesameatedge,quarterpointandmidpoint
Multiplier=k'**HOF^3

forFill1(kN/m )= 10.5
3
k'forFill1= 1.000
Respectivecoefficientsaremultipliedbymultipliertogetvaluesofbendingmoment

Coefficients Unfactored moments kN-m/m


Ht from
bottom of Quarter- Multiplier Quarter-
Mid-point Edge Mid-point Edge
wall (m) point point
7.50
7.50 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.00
5.63 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.00
3.75 0.0313 0.0313 0.0313 4429.7 138.43 138.43 138.43
1.88 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.00
0.00 -0.0667 -0.0667 -0.0667 4429.7 -295.31 -295.31 -295.31

NegativemomentsimpliestensionfaceisFill1
TotalmomentonFill1face=MaximumoftheveBMatareferenceheight+Addlmoments,ifany
TotalmomentonFill2face=Maximumofthe+veBMatareferenceheight+Addlmoments,ifany

Directtension(T)actinginverticaldirection,ifanyisduetosuspendedslab.ReferDesignData
Directtension(T)fromsuspendedslabisassumedtoactforadistanceof1/4thofheightoffill.

ModifiedmomentsarecalculatedforFill1facetocheckwhetherthesectionisintensionorbending.
Thisisrequiredbecausecrackwidthcalculationformulaearedifferenceforthesetwocases.
NochangeinsignofmomentMindicatesthatthesectionisprimarilyinbending
ChangeinsignofmomentMindicatesthatthesectionisprimarilyinbending

Modifiedmomentiscalculatedbytransferringdirecttensiontotensileface(Fill1face)

D=Overallthickness d=Effectivedepth=Dc'
d0.5*D=Distanceoftensilereinffromcentreofsection
ModifiedmomentM1= TotalmomentT*(d0.5*D)

MinimumreinforcementhasbeenbeencalculatedaspertheprovisionsofIS3370Part22009

Page 28
Total Moments M Modified moments M1
(unfactored) (unfactored)
Ht from Provided Section in
Direct
bottom of Fill 1 Fill 2 thickness d - 0.5*D Fill 1 Tension / Min Reinf
Tension T
wall D Bending
2
m kN-m/m kN-m/m mm kN/m mm kN-m/m mm
7.50 300 525
7.50 0.00 0.00 300 0.00 Bending 525
5.63 0.00 0.00 400 0.00 Bending 700
3.75 0.00 138.43 500 0.00 Bending 875
1.88 0.00 0.00 600 0.00 247 0.00 Bending 875
0.00 -295.31 0.00 700 0.00 297 -295.31 Bending 875

Calculating required reinforcement for Limit State of Strength

Reinforcementiscalculatedforfactoredmomentsandtensions;LoadFactor=1.5

SectioninBending
M1u=M1*1.5;Tu=T*1.5
RequiredreinforcementbasedonthevaluesofM1u/bd2istakenfromSP16
RequiredreinforcementforTu=Tu/0.87*fy
Totalrequiredreinforcement=MAX((AstforMu+AstforTu),Minreinf)

SectioninTension
TensiononexcesstensilefaceT'=0.5*T+M*1000/(dc0.5*)
T'u=T'*1.5 RequiredreinforcementforT'u=T'u/0.87*fy
Totalrequiredreinforcement=MAX(AstforT'u,Minreinf)

Fill 1 Face
Secion in Bending Section in Tension
Ht from
Moment Tension Tension Tension Ast for Ast for Tu /
bottom of d = D - c' Reqd reinf
M1u Tu T' T'u M1u T'u
wall
Factored Factored Unfactor Factored
m mm kN-m/m kN/m kN/m kN/m mm2 mm2 mm2
7.50 525
7.50 247 0.00 0 - 525
5.63 347 0.00 0 - 700
3.75 447 0.00 0 - 875
1.88 547 0.00 0.00 0 - 875
0.00 647 442.97 0.00 1644 - 1644

SectioninBending
Mu=M*1.5(ForFill2)
RequiredreinforcementbasedonthevaluesofMu/bd2istakenfromSP16
Totalrequiredreinforcement=MAX(AstforMu,Minreinf)

SectioninTension
TensiononlesstensilefaceT''=0.5*TM*1000/(dc0.5*)
T''u=T''*1.5 RequiredreinforcementforT''u=T''u/0.87*fy
Totalrequiredreinforcement=MAX(AstforT''u,Minreinf)

Page 29
Fill 2 Face
Bending Section in Tension
Ht from
Moment Tension Tension Ast for
bottom of d = D - c' Ast for T"u Reqd reinf
Mu T'' T''u Mu
wall
Factored Unfactor Factored
m mm kN-m/m kN/m kN/m mm2 mm2 mm2
7.50 525
7.50 247 0.00 0 - 525
5.63 347 0.00 0 - 700
3.75 447 207.64 1115 - 1115
1.88 547 0.00 0 - 875
0.00 647 0.00 0 - 875

CASE 2: FILL 2 ACTING ; FILL 1 NOT ACTING

Designing for Vertical Moments

ProppedCantileverWall -

ReferCase1forexplanationofmomentcoefficientsandmultiplier
forFill2(kN/m )= 10.5
3
k'forFill2= 1.000

Surcharge(equivalentearthheight)onFill2(m)=hs= 0.00

2
SurchargepressurePs(kN/m )=k'**hs= 0.00

Surchargemoment(kNm/m)=0.5*Ps*(HOFh)^2
whereh=heightfromtopoffill

Ht from Coefficients Unfactored moments kN-m/m Surcharge


bottom of Quarter- Multiplier Quarter- moments
wall (m) Mid-point point Edge Mid-point point Edge kN-m/m
7.50
7.50 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.00 -
5.63 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.00 -
3.75 0.0313 0.0313 0.0313 4429.7 138.43 138.43 138.43 -
1.88 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.00 -
0.00 -0.0667 -0.0667 -0.0667 4429.7 -295.31 -295.31 -295.31 -

NegativemomentsimpliesthattensionfaceisFill2

TotalmomentonFill1face=Maxof+veBMatreferencepoint=Addlmoment,ifany
TotalmomentonFill2face=MaxofveBMatreferencepoint+Addlmoment+Surchargemoments

ReferCase1forexplanationofthecalculationdoneinthefollowingtable

Total Moments M Modified moments M1


(unfactored) (unfactored)
Ht from Provided Section in
Direct
bottom of Fill 1 face Fill 2 face thickness d - 0.5*D Fill 2 face Tension / Min Reinf
Tension T
wall D Bending
2
m kN-m/m kN-m/m mm kN/m mm kN-m/m mm
7.50 300 525
7.50 0.00 0.00 300 0.00 Bending 525

Page 30
5.63 0.00 0.00 400 0.00 Bending 700
3.75 138.43 0.00 500 0.00 Bending 875
1.88 0.00 0.00 600 0.00 247 0.00 Bending 875
0.00 0.00 -295.31 700 0.00 297 -295.31 Bending 875
Calculating required reinforcement for Limit State of Strength

Reinforcementiscalculatedforfactoredmomentsandtensions;LoadFactor=1.5
ReferCase1CalculationofreinfforFill1forexplanationofthefollowingtable

Fill 2 Face
Secion in Bending Section in Tension
Ht from
Moment Tension Tension Tension Ast for Ast for Tu /
bottom of d = D - c' Reqd reinf
M1u Tu T' T'u M1u T'u
wall
Factored Factored Unfactor Factored
m mm kN-m/m kN/m kN/m kN/m mm2 mm2 mm2
7.50 525
7.50 247 0.00 0 - 525
5.63 347 0.00 0 - 700
3.75 447 0.00 0 - 875
1.88 547 0.00 0.00 0 - 875
0.00 647 442.97 0.00 1643 - 1643

ReferCase1CalculationofreinfforFill2forexplanationofthefollowingtable

Fill 1 Face
Bending Section in Tension
Ht from
Moment Tension Tension Ast for
bottom of d = D - c' Ast for T"u Reqd reinf
Mu T'' T''u Mu
wall
Factored Unfactor Factored
m mm kN-m/m kN/m kN/m mm2 mm2 mm2
7.50 525
7.50 247 0.00 14 - 525
5.63 347 0.00 10 - 700
3.75 447 207.64 1111 - 1111
1.88 547 0.00 6 - 875
0.00 647 0.00 5 - 875

Summary of Vertical Reinforcement (Provided)

MaximumoftherequiredreinforcementascalculatedforCase1andCase2aretabulatedbelow.

Reqd reinf Provided reinforcement


Ht from
bottom of
wall Fill 1 Fill 2 Fill 1 Fill 2
7.50 525 525 12200+12200 12200+12200
7.50 700 525 12200+12200 12200+12200
5.63 1111 700 12200+12200 12200+12200
3.75 875 1115 25200+12200 25200+12200
1.88 875 875 25200+12200 25200+12200
0.00 1644 1643 25200+12200 25200+12200
Curtail at - Fill 1 - Fill 1 - Fill 2 - Fill 2 4.00 4.00

Page 31
Summary of Horizontal Reinforcement (Provided)

MaximumoftherequiredreinforcementascalculatedforCase1andCase2aretabulatedbelow.

Required horizontal reinforcement


Edge Middle portion
Ht from
bottom of Fill 1 Fill 2 Fill 1 Fill 2
wall
7.50 525 525 525 525
7.50 525 525 525 525
5.63 700 700 700 700
3.75 875 875 875 875
1.88 875 875 875 875
0.00 875 875 875 875

Provided horizontal reinforcement


Edge Middle Portion
Ht from
Fill 1Extra reinf (b) + Fill 2Extra reinf (b)
bottom of Fill 1Thru' reinf (a) Fill 2Thru' reinf (a)
Thru' reinf (a) +Thru' reinf (a)
wall
7.50 00000+12150 00000+12150 00000+12150 00000+12150
7.50 00000+12150 00000+12150 00000+12150 00000+12150
5.63 00000+12150 00000+12150 00000+12150 00000+12150
3.75 00000+12120 00000+12120 00000+12120 00000+12120
1.88 00000+12120 00000+12120 00000+12120 00000+12120
0.00 00000+12120 00000+12120 00000+12120 00000+12120
Break at - Fill 1 - Fill 1 - Fill 2 - Fill 2 4.00 4.00

CHECK FOR SHEAR

ProppedCantileverWall

Shearalongsideedge
1mlengthofwallisassumedtocontributetowardsshearatverticaledge
Shear=1*Pressureofthefill (Coefficient=1)
Pressureofthefill=k'**(HOFh);h=heightfrombottom,k'and arefortherespectivefills
Shearatcorner&midptofbottomedge
Shear=1.0*k'**HOF^2=0.5*HOF*Pressureoffill (Coefficient=0.5*HOF)

CASE 1 FILL 1 ACTING ; FILL 2 NOT ACTING

Ht from Effective
Pressure
bottom of Location Coeff Shear V Depth D depth d =
of fill
wall h D - c'
m kN/m2 kN/m mm mm
7.50
7.50 Side edge - 1.000 0.00 300 247
5.63 Side edge 19.69 1.000 19.69 400 347
3.75 Side edge 39.38 1.000 39.38 500 447
1.88 Side edge 59.06 1.000 59.06 600 547
0.00 Corner - bottom edge 78.75 -3.750 -295.31 700 647
0.00 Mid pt - bottom edge 78.75 3.750 295.31 700 647

Negativesignindicatesthatreactionactsinthedirectionofload.
Thiswillnotcausedirecttensioninadjoiningwall.

Page 32
FactoredShearVu=1.5*V v=Vu*1000/(1000*d)
Ast=providedtensionreinfHorizontalforsideedge&Verticalforbottomedge
%Ast=Ast(provided)*100/(1000*d)
Shearstrengthofconcreteciscalculatedfromtable19ofIS4562000
Shearstrengthismultipliedbyfactorforenhancedshearstrengthofconcretenearsupport.
Referclause40.5and40.2.1.1ofIS4562000forenhancementofshearstrength
cismultipliedby2forshearstrengthatedge,becauseshearstressbeingveryclosetosupport
cisalsomultipliedbyanotherfactorforsolidslabs1.0to1.3dependingonthicknessofslab
c,maxisaspertable20ofIS4562000
CheckforshearisOK,ifv<Factor*candv<0.5*c,max

Ht from Nominal Shear


Factored Provided Maximum Check for
bottom of Shear V shear % Ast Strength
Shear Vu Ast c,max Shear
wall h stress v Factor * c

m kN/m kN/m N/mm2 mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2


7.50
7.50 0.00 0.00 0.000 754 0.31 0.80 3.50 OK
5.63 19.69 29.53 0.085 754 0.22 0.70 3.50 OK
3.75 39.38 59.06 0.132 942 0.21 0.68 3.50 OK
1.88 59.06 88.59 0.162 942 0.17 0.62 3.50 OK
0.00 295.31 442.97 0.685 3020 0.47 0.96 3.50 OK
0.00 295.31 442.97 0.685 3020 0.47 0.96 3.50 OK

CASE 2 FILL 2 ACTING ; FILL 1 NOT ACTING

Ht from Effective
Pressure
bottom of Location Coeff Shear V Depth D depth d =
of fill
wall h D - c'
m kN/m2 kN/m mm mm
7.50
7.50 Side edge - 1.000 0.00 300 247
5.63 Side edge 33.75 1.000 33.75 400 347
3.75 Side edge 67.50 1.000 67.50 500 447
1.88 Side edge 101.25 1.000 101.25 600 547
0.00 Corner - bottom edge 135.00 -3.750 -506.25 700 647
0.00 Mid pt - bottom edge 135.00 3.750 506.25 700 647

Ht from Nominal Shear


Factored Provided Maximum Check for
bottom of Shear V shear % Ast Strength
Shear Vu Ast c,max Shear
wall h stress v Factor * c
2
m kN/m kN/m N/mm mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2
7.50
7.50 0.00 0.00 0.000 754 0.31 1.04 3.50 OK
5.63 33.75 50.63 0.146 754 0.22 0.91 3.50 OK
3.75 67.50 101.25 0.227 942 0.21 0.88 3.50 OK
1.88 101.25 151.88 0.278 942 0.17 0.81 3.50 OK
0.00 506.25 759.38 1.174 3020 0.47 1.25 3.50 OK
0.00 506.25 759.38 1.174 3020 0.47 1.25 3.50 OK

Page 33
CHECK FOR CRACK WIDTH :-

Checkforcrackwidthisdoneforfollowinglocations:

(a)Case1(OnlyFill1Acting)VerticalMomentsFill1Face
(b)Case2(OnlyFill2Acting)VerticalMomentsFill2Face
(c)Case1(OnlyFill1Acting)HorizontalMomentsatEdgeFill1Face
(d)Case2(OnlyFill2Acting)HorizontalMomentsatEdgeFill2Face
(e)Case1(OnlyFill1Acting)HorizontalMomentsatMiddleFill2Face
(f)Case2(OnlyFill2Acting)HorizontalMomentsatMiddleFill1Face

ProcedureforcalculatingcrackwidthhasbeenexplainedwhiledoingcalculationsforSrl(a)
CrackwidthcalculationsforSrl(b)toSrl(f)hasnotbeenmadepartofdesigncalculations,becausenoneofthe
momentsandtensionsexceedthefollowingvalues,whichareeverysmall
Moment= 10kNm/m Tension= 10kN/m

Checking crack width - Fill 1 - Vertical moments

Data for check of crack width

Height Forces on section Section in Tension Provided reinf


Overall Section in
from
thickness Bending / Moment Direct Ast Fill 1 Ast Fill 2
bottom of T' T"
D Tension M Tension T As As'
wall
m mm kN-m/m kN/m kN/m kN/m mm2 mm2
7.50
7.50 300 Bending 0.00 1131 1131
5.63 400 Bending 0.00 1131 1131
3.75 500 Bending 138.43 3020 3020
1.88 600 Bending 0.00 0.00 3020 3020
0.00 700 Bending 295.31 0.00 3020 3020

MomentMandDirecttensionTaretheforcesactingonthesection
Procedureforcheckingwhetherthesectionisbendingortensionisexplainedearlier
T'=tensiononexcesstensileface;T"=tensiononlesstensileface
T'andT"arecalculatedonlyifthesectionisintension
ProcedureforcalculatingT'andT"incasesectionisintensionhasalsobeenexplainedearlier.
As=Reinforcementontensionface;As'=Reinforcementoncompressionface/lesstensileface

ProcedureforcalculationofcrackwidthSectioninBending

Notethatthecrackwidthiscalculatedforvaluesofdia,spacingsandcr
asgivenindesignparameters.

CalculatingdepthofNAfortheprovidedreinforcementAsandAs'

fc=stressinextremecompressionfibre
fsandfs'=stressinreinfneartensionandcompressionfacerespectively
x=DepthofNA
d=Effectivedepth=Dc' c'=Effectivecover(mm)= 53
d'=distanceofcentreofcompressionreinforcementfromextremecompressionfibre= 53

Page 34
Relationbetweenthestressesisasgivenbelow:

NetTensionT=TotaltensileforceTTotalcompressiveforceC

Takingmomentaboutthetensionreinforcement

Aboveequationsaresolvedforthevaluesoffc,fs,fs'andx.

ReferIS3370(Part2)2009forcrackwidthcalculations

1=Straininextremetensionfibre=

2=Strainduetostiffeningeffectinconcrete=

m=Averagesurfacestrain=12

Crackwidthw=

ProcedureforcalculationofcrackwidthSectioninTension

Stressinreinfnearexcesstensilefacefs= T'*1000/As

Stressinreinfnearlesstensilefacefs'= T"*1000/As'

s=Straininreinfnearexcesstensileface=

Straingradient=

1=Straininextremetensionfibre=s+straingradientxd'

2=Strainduetostiffeningeffectinconcrete=

m=Averagesurfacestrain=12
Crackwidthw=

Page 35
GrossareaofconcreteAc=1000*D+(m1)*(As+As')
DirectTensioninconcretefct=T*1000/Ac

Permissiblevalues
2
Stressinreinforcement(N/mm )=0.8*fy= 400
2
Bendingstressinextremecompressionfibrefc(N/mm )=0.45*fck= 13.5
2
Directtensioninconcretefct(N/mm )= 3.6
Crackwidthw(mm)= 0.2

section in bending section in tension crack width calculations check


fs x fs fs' 1 2 m w fc/fct
2 2
N/mm mm N/mm N/mm2 mm N/mm2

0.0 61.2 0.0000 0.0005 -0.0005 -0.1024 0.0


0.0 73.2 0.0000 0.0006 -0.0006 -0.1463 0.0
112.7 120.7 0.0007 0.0002 0.0004 0.1099 4.5
0.0 136.0 0.0000 0.0003 -0.0003 -0.0817 0.0
163.8 150.1 0.0009 0.0003 0.0006 0.1681 5.3
ALLOK ALLOK ALLOK

Checking crack width - Fill 2 - Vertical moments

Data for check of crack width

Height Forces on section Section in Tension Provided reinf


Overall Section in
from
thickness Bending / Moment Direct Ast Fill 1 Ast Fill 2
bottom of T' T"
D Tension M Tension T As As'
wall
m mm kN-m/m kN/m kN/m kN/m mm2 mm2
7.50
7.50 300 Bending 0.00 1131 1131
5.63 400 Bending 0.00 1131 1131
3.75 500 Bending 138.43 3020 3020
1.88 600 Bending 0.00 0.00 3020 3020
0.00 700 Bending 295.31 0.00 3020 3020

section in bending section in tension crack width calculations check


fs x fs fs' 1 2 m w fc/fct
2 2 2
N/mm mm N/mm N/mm mm N/mm2

0.0 61.2 0.0000 0.0005 -0.0005 -0.1024 0.0


0.0 73.2 0.0000 0.0006 -0.0006 -0.1463 0.0
112.7 120.7 0.0007 0.0002 0.0004 0.1099 4.5
0.0 136.0 0.0000 0.0003 -0.0003 -0.0817 0.0
163.8 150.1 0.0009 0.0003 0.0006 0.1681 5.3
ALLOK ALLOK ALLOK

Page 36
DESIGN OF WALL W3 Location: Inlet Chamber

DESIGN DATA

b=Lengthofwall(m) BOW=Bottomofwall(m) TOW=Topofwall(m)


GWT=Groundwatertable(m) BOF=Bottomoffill(m)

Length b: 2.20 BOF: 197.500 GWT: 197.000

BOW: 197.500 TOW: 205.000

Surcharge (in term of equivalent earth height) on Fill 2 (m) = 0.00

Top edge restraint: Yes Redistribution of moments with adjoining wall: No

TOF=Topofrespectivefill
HOF=Heightofrespectivefill DesignHOFa=MaxofboththeHOFs

TOF HOF Design


Fill Type b/a Design Methodology
m m HOF a
Fill 1 Water 205.000 7.50 7.50 0.29 Hor Spanning Wall
Fill 2 Earth 204.000 6.50 7.50 0.29 Hor Spanning Wall

Height of wall from BOF (m) = 7.50 Design Height of Wall (m) = 7.50
Height of wall from BOW (m) = 7.50

Details of Adjoining Walls Type for Direct Do redistribution /


Case Wall Length b BOW HOF a Tension D-tension transfer
Case 1 - - - No
Case 2 - - - No

Momentredistribution/DirecttensionisoptionalandsubjecttosameBOW&HOFforbothwalls
Adjoiningwalltowardsthefillwillcausedirecttensioninthiswall
Adjoiningwallawayfromfillwillcausedirectcompressioninthiswall

Detail of Walkways Width Th Addl DL LL T Load


2
m mm kN/m kN/m2 kN/m2
Cantilever walkway on Fill 2 Side - - - - -
Cantilever walkway on Fill 1 Side - - - - -

AdditionalDLonwalkwayasaboveexcludesSelfweight
TLoad=TotalLoad/m2= (25*Th/1000)+AddlDL+LL

Walkway moment on Fill 1 face (kN-m/m): - on Fill 2 face: -


Additional moment on Fill 1 face (kN-m/m): - on Fill 2 face: -

WalkwayonFill2sidewillcausemomentonFill1sideandviceversa
Walkwaymoment=TLoad*Width^2/2

MomentonFill1facemeansmomentcausestensiononfill1faceandviceversa
Totaladditionalmoment=Walkwaymoment+Additionalmoment

Total additional moment on Fill 1 face (kN-m/m): - on Fill 2 face: -

Direct tension in Vertical wall from Suspended slab: Long -

Page 37
Shearattheedgeofsuspendedslabwillappearasdirecttensioninwallinverticaldirection

DESIGN PARAMETERS

fck = 30 fy = 500 m = 9.33 Es = 2.00E+05


N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2

k= coefficientofactiveearthpressure k(Fill1=Water)= 1.000


k(Fill2=Earth)= 0.333
c=
Clearcovertoreinforcement
= w= Densityofsewagewater(kN/m3)=
3
DensitykN/m 10.5
d= Densityofdrysoil(kN/m3)= 18.0
sat= Densityofsaturatedsoil(kN/m3)= 20.0
sub= Densityofsubmergedsoil= sat= 10.0
= Diaofreinforcement c'= Effectivecover=c+0.5*
w= Permissiblecrackwidth s= Spacingofreinforcement
cr=maximumspacingoftensilebarfromouteredgeofconcrete(mm)

Notethatthecrackwidthiscalculatedfortheabovevaluesofdia,spacings,effectivecoverc'
andcr

Revised values of k for Fill 1 and Fill 2

Revisedvalueofkiscalculatedforfill1orfill2,asrequiredtoequalizetheheightofbothfills.

k'(Fill1)= k(Fill1)*HOF1^2/(MAX(HOF1,HOF2)^2)= 1.000


k'(Fill2)= k(Fill2)*HOF2^2/(MAX(HOF1,HOF2)^2)= 0.250

Valueofk'forearthisfurherrevisedtotakeintoaccounttheeffectofwatertable,ifapplicable

k' c w s c' cr
Fill Type
mm mm mm mm mm mm
Fill 1 Water 1.000 45 16 0.2 250 53 127.77
Fill 2 Earth 0.250 30 16 0.2 250 38 122.65

ASSUMED THICKNESS OF WALL AT VARIOUS LEVELS

Height from bottom 0.00 7.50 - - Height above BOF = 7.50


Provided thickness 300 300 - - Taper = One side

Page 38
CASE 1 FILL 1 ACTING ; FILL 2 NOT ACTING

DESIGNING FOR VERTICAL MOMENTS

HorSpanningWall 1.88

Momentcoefficientatbottom=1/6
Momentcoefficientsassumedtobesameatedge,quarterpointandmidpoint
Multiplier=k'**HOF*(CantileverHeight)^2

forFill1(kN/m )= 10.5
3
k'forFill1= 1.000
Respectivecoefficientsaremultipliedbymultipliertogetvaluesofbendingmoment

Coefficients Unfactored moments kN-m/m


Ht from
bottom of Quarter- Multiplier Quarter-
Mid-point Edge Mid-point Edge
wall (m) point point
7.50
7.50 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.00
5.63 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.00
3.75 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.00
1.88 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.00
0.00 -0.1667 -0.1667 -0.1667 276.9 -46.14 -46.14 -46.14

NegativemomentsimpliestensionfaceisFill1
TotalmomentonFill1face=MaximumoftheveBMatareferenceheight+Addlmoments,ifany
TotalmomentonFill2face=Maximumofthe+veBMatareferenceheight+Addlmoments,ifany

Directtension(T)actinginverticaldirection,ifanyisduetosuspendedslab.ReferDesignData
Directtension(T)fromsuspendedslabisassumedtoactforadistanceof1/4thofheightoffill.

ModifiedmomentsarecalculatedforFill1facetocheckwhetherthesectionisintensionorbending.
Thisisrequiredbecausecrackwidthcalculationformulaearedifferenceforthesetwocases.
NochangeinsignofmomentMindicatesthatthesectionisprimarilyinbending
ChangeinsignofmomentMindicatesthatthesectionisprimarilyinbending

Modifiedmomentiscalculatedbytransferringdirecttensiontotensileface(Fill1face)

D=Overallthickness d=Effectivedepth=Dc'
d0.5*D=Distanceoftensilereinffromcentreofsection
ModifiedmomentM1= TotalmomentT*(d0.5*D)

MinimumreinforcementhasbeenbeencalculatedaspertheprovisionsofIS3370Part22009

Page 39
Total Moments M Modified moments M1
(unfactored) (unfactored)
Ht from Provided Section in
Direct
bottom of Fill 1 Fill 2 thickness d - 0.5*D Fill 1 Tension / Min Reinf
Tension T
wall D Bending
2
m kN-m/m kN-m/m mm kN/m mm kN-m/m mm
7.50 300 360
7.50 0.00 0.00 300 0.00 Bending 360
5.63 0.00 0.00 300 0.00 Bending 360
3.75 0.00 0.00 300 0.00 Bending 360
1.88 0.00 0.00 300 0.00 97 0.00 Bending 360
0.00 -46.14 0.00 300 0.00 97 -46.14 Bending 360

Calculating required reinforcement for Limit State of Strength

Reinforcementiscalculatedforfactoredmomentsandtensions;LoadFactor=1.5

SectioninBending
M1u=M1*1.5;Tu=T*1.5
RequiredreinforcementbasedonthevaluesofM1u/bd2istakenfromSP16
RequiredreinforcementforTu=Tu/0.87*fy
Totalrequiredreinforcement=MAX((AstforMu+AstforTu),Minreinf)

SectioninTension
TensiononexcesstensilefaceT'=0.5*T+M*1000/(dc0.5*)
T'u=T'*1.5 RequiredreinforcementforT'u=T'u/0.87*fy
Totalrequiredreinforcement=MAX(AstforT'u,Minreinf)

Fill 1 Face
Secion in Bending Section in Tension
Ht from
Moment Tension Tension Tension Ast for Ast for Tu /
bottom of d = D - c' Reqd reinf
M1u Tu T' T'u M1u T'u
wall
Factored Factored Unfactor Factored
m mm kN-m/m kN/m kN/m kN/m mm2 mm2 mm2
7.50 360
7.50 247 0.00 0 - 360
5.63 247 0.00 0 - 360
3.75 247 0.00 0 - 360
1.88 247 0.00 0.00 0 - 360
0.00 247 69.21 0.00 675 - 675

SectioninBending
Mu=M*1.5(ForFill2)
RequiredreinforcementbasedonthevaluesofMu/bd2istakenfromSP16
Totalrequiredreinforcement=MAX(AstforMu,Minreinf)

SectioninTension
TensiononlesstensilefaceT''=0.5*TM*1000/(dc0.5*)
T''u=T''*1.5 RequiredreinforcementforT''u=T''u/0.87*fy
Totalrequiredreinforcement=MAX(AstforT''u,Minreinf)

Page 40
Fill 2 Face
Bending Section in Tension
Ht from
Moment Tension Tension Ast for
bottom of d = D - c' Ast for T"u Reqd reinf
Mu T'' T''u Mu
wall
Factored Unfactor Factored
m mm kN-m/m kN/m kN/m mm2 mm2 mm2
7.50 360
7.50 262 0.00 0 - 360
5.63 262 0.00 0 - 360
3.75 262 0.00 0 - 360
1.88 262 0.00 0 - 360
0.00 262 0.00 0 - 360

DESIGNING FOR HORIZONTAL MOMENTS

HorSpanningWall 1.88

Momentcoefficientatedge=1/12;Momentcoefficientatmidspan=1/16
Momentcoefficientatbottomofwall=0;Momentcoefficientsnotconsideredforquarterpoint
Multiplier=k'**(HOFh)*b^2 Whereh=heightofwallfrombottom;b=Lengthofwall

forFill1(kN/m )= 10.5
3
k'forFill1= 1.000
Respectivecoefficientsaremultipliedbymultipliertogetvaluesofbendingmoment

Coefficients Unfactored moments kN-m/m


Ht from
bottom of Quarter- Multiplier Quarter-
Mid-point Edge Mid-point Edge
wall (m) point point
7.50
7.50 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.00
5.63 0.0625 0.0000 -0.0833 95.3 5.96 0.00 -7.94
3.75 0.0625 0.0000 -0.0833 190.6 11.91 0.00 -15.88
1.88 0.0625 0.0000 -0.0833 285.9 17.87 0.00 -23.82
0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.00

NegativemomentsimpliestensionfaceisFill1

Directtension(T)isduetoshearinadjoiningwall.ReferdesignofAdjoiningwallforshear

Modifiedmomentscalculatedforedgemomentstocheckwhethersectionisintensionorbending.
Thisisrequiredbecausecrackwidthcalculationformulaearedifferenceforthesetwocases.
NochangeinsignofmomentMindicatesthatthesectionisprimarilyinbending
ChangeinsignofmomentMindicatesthatthesectionisprimarilyinbending

Modifiedmomentatedgeiscalculatedbytransferringdirecttensiontotensileface(Fill1face)

D=Overallthickness
d0.5*D=Distanceoftensilereinffromcentreofsection
ModifiedmomentM1= TotalmomentT*(d0.5*D)

MinimumreinforcementhasbeenbeencalculatedaspertheprovisionsofIS3370Part22009

Page 41
Redistributed / Modified moments M1
Ht from unfactored moments (unfactored)
bottom of Provided Section in
Direct
wall Edge Middle thickness d-0.5D Edge Tension / Min Reinf
Tension
D Bending
2
m kN-m/m kN-m/m mm kN/m mm kN-m/m mm
7.50 300 360
7.50 0.00 0.00 300 - 97 0.00 Bending 360
5.63 -7.94 5.96 300 - 97 -7.94 Bending 360
3.75 -15.88 11.91 300 - 97 -15.88 Bending 360
1.88 -23.82 17.87 300 - 97 -23.82 Bending 360
0.00 0.00 0.00 300 - 97 0.00 Bending 360
Calculating required reinforcement for Limit State of Strength

ProcedureadoptedforcalculationofreinforcementissimilartothatforVerticalreinforcement

Edge - Fill 1 Face


Secion in Bending Section in Tension
Ht from
Moment Tension Tension Tension Ast for Ast for Tu /
bottom of d = D - c' Reqd reinf
M1u Tu T' T'u M1u T'u
wall
Factored Factored Unfactor Factored
m mm kN-m/m kN/m kN/m kN/m mm2 mm2 mm2
7.50 360
7.50 247 0.00 0.00 0 - 360
5.63 247 11.91 0.00 112 - 360
3.75 247 23.82 0.00 225 - 360
1.88 247 35.73 0.00 341 - 360
0.00 247 0.00 0.00 0 - 360

ProcedureadoptedforcalculationofreinforcementissimilartoCase1,Fill2face

Edge - Fill 2 Face


Bending Section in Tension
Ht from
Moment Tension Tension Ast for
bottom of d = D - c' Ast for T"u Reqd reinf
Mu T'' T''u Mu
wall
Factored Unfactor Factored
m mm kN-m/m kN/m kN/m mm2 mm2 mm2
7.50 360
7.50 262 0.00 0 - 360
5.63 262 0.00 0 - 360
3.75 262 0.00 0 - 360
1.88 262 0.00 0 - 360
0.00 262 0.00 0 - 360

Mu,Fill1=(Negativeredistributedmomentatmiddle)*1.5
Mu,Fill2=(Positiveredistributedmomentatmiddle)*1.5
ProcedureadoptedforcalculationofreinfissimilartoCase1,Fill1faceforsectioninbending

Middle - Fill 1 & Fill 2 Face


Fill 1 face Fill 2 face
Ht from
Moment Moment
bottom of
d = D - c' Mu Ast for Mu Reqd Ast d = D - c' Mu Ast for Mu Reqd Ast
wall
Factored Factored
m mm kN-m/m mm2 mm
2
mm kN-m/m mm2 mm
2

7.50 360 360


7.50 247 0.00 0 360 262 0.00 0 360

Page 42
5.63 247 0.00 0 360 262 8.93 79 360
3.75 247 0.00 0 360 262 17.87 158 360
1.88 247 0.00 0 360 262 26.80 239 360
0.00 247 0.00 0 360 262 0.00 0 360

CASE 2: FILL 2 ACTING ; FILL 1 NOT ACTING

Designing for Vertical Moments

HorSpanningWall 1.88

ReferCase1forexplanationofmomentcoefficientsandmultiplier
forFill2(kN/m3)= 18.0 k'forFill2= 0.333

Surcharge(equivalentearthheight)onFill2(m)=hs= 0.00

2
SurchargepressurePs(kN/m )=k'**hs= 0.00

Surchargemoment(kNm/m)=0.5*Ps*(HOFh)^2
whereh=heightfromtopoffill

Ht from Coefficients Unfactored moments kN-m/m Surcharge


bottom of Quarter- Multiplier Quarter- moments
wall (m) Mid-point point Edge Mid-point point Edge kN-m/m
7.50
7.50 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.00 -
5.63 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.00 -
3.75 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.00 -
1.88 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.00 -
0.00 -0.1667 -0.1667 -0.1667 118.7 -19.78 -19.78 -19.78 -

NegativemomentsimpliesthattensionfaceisFill2

TotalmomentonFill1face=Maxof+veBMatreferencepoint=Addlmoment,ifany
TotalmomentonFill2face=MaxofveBMatreferencepoint+Addlmoment+Surchargemoments

ReferCase1forexplanationofthecalculationdoneinthefollowingtable

Total Moments M Modified moments M1


(unfactored) (unfactored)
Ht from Provided Section in
Direct
bottom of Fill 1 face Fill 2 face thickness d - 0.5*D Fill 2 face Tension / Min Reinf
Tension T
wall D Bending
2
m kN-m/m kN-m/m mm kN/m mm kN-m/m mm
7.50 300 360
7.50 0.00 0.00 300 0.00 Bending 360
5.63 0.00 0.00 300 0.00 Bending 360
3.75 0.00 0.00 300 0.00 Bending 360
1.88 0.00 0.00 300 0.00 112 0.00 Bending 360
0.00 0.00 -19.78 300 0.00 112 -19.78 Bending 360
Calculating required reinforcement for Limit State of Strength

Reinforcementiscalculatedforfactoredmomentsandtensions;LoadFactor=1.5
ReferCase1CalculationofreinfforFill1forexplanationofthefollowingtable

Page 43
Fill 2 Face
Secion in Bending Section in Tension
Ht from
Moment Tension Tension Tension Ast for Ast for Tu /
bottom of d = D - c' Reqd reinf
M1u Tu T' T'u M1u T'u
wall
Factored Factored Unfactor Factored
m mm kN-m/m kN/m kN/m kN/m mm2 mm2 mm2
7.50 360
7.50 262 0.00 0 - 360
5.63 262 0.00 0 - 360
3.75 262 0.00 0 - 360
1.88 262 0.00 0.00 0 - 360
0.00 262 29.68 0.00 268 - 360

ReferCase1CalculationofreinfforFill2forexplanationofthefollowingtable

Fill 1 Face
Bending Section in Tension
Ht from
Moment Tension Tension Ast for
bottom of d = D - c' Ast for T"u Reqd reinf
Mu T'' T''u Mu
wall
Factored Unfactor Factored
m mm kN-m/m kN/m kN/m mm2 mm2 mm2
7.50 360
7.50 247 0.00 14 - 360
5.63 247 0.00 14 - 360
3.75 247 0.00 14 - 360
1.88 247 0.00 14 - 360
0.00 247 0.00 14 - 360

DESIGNING FOR HORIZONTAL MOMENTS

HorSpanningWall 1.88

ReferCase1forexplanationofmomentcoefficientsandmultiplier
forFill2(kN/m3)= 18.0 k'forFill2= 0.250

Ht from Coefficients Bending Moment kN-m/m


bottom of Quarter- Multiplier Quarter-
Mid-point Edge Mid-point Edge
wall point point
7.50
7.50 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.00
5.63 0.0625 0.0000 -0.0833 40.9 2.55 0.00 -3.40
3.75 0.0625 0.0000 -0.0833 81.7 5.11 0.00 -6.81
1.88 0.0625 0.0000 -0.0833 122.6 7.66 0.00 -10.21
0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.00

NegativemomentsimpliestensionfaceisFill2

Redistributed/ Modified moments M1


Ht from unfactored moments (unfactored)
bottom of Provided Section in
wall Direct
Edge Middle thickness d-0.5D Edge Tension / Min Reinf
Tension
D Bending
m kN-m/m kN-m/m mm kN/m mm kN-m/m mm2
7.50 300 360
7.50 0.00 0.00 300 0.00 112 0.00 Bending 360

Page 44
5.63 -3.40 2.55 300 0.00 112 -3.40 Bending 360
3.75 -6.81 5.11 300 0.00 112 -6.81 Bending 360
1.88 -10.21 7.66 300 0.00 112 -10.21 Bending 360
0.00 0.00 0.00 300 0.00 112 0.00 Bending 360
Calculating required reinforcement for Limit State of Strength

ProcedureadoptedforcalculationofreinforcementissimilartoCase1

Edge - Fill 2 Face


Secion in Bending Section in Tension
Ht from
Moment Tension Tension Tension Ast for Ast for Tu /
bottom of d = D - c' Reqd reinf
M1u Tu T' T'u M1u T'u
wall
Factored Factored Unfactor Factored
m mm kN-m/m kN/m kN/m kN/m mm2 mm2 mm2
7.50 360
7.50 262 0.00 0.00 0 - 360
5.63 262 5.11 0.00 40 - 360
3.75 262 10.21 0.00 93 - 360
1.88 262 15.32 0.00 133 - 360
0.00 262 0.00 0.00 0 - 360

Edge - Fill 1 Face


Bending Section in Tension
Ht from
Moment Tension Tension Ast for
bottom of d = D - c' Ast for T"u Reqd reinf
Mu T'' T''u Mu
wall
Factored Unfactor Factored
m mm kN-m/m kN/m kN/m mm2 mm2 mm2
7.50 360
7.50 247 0.00 0 - 360
5.63 247 0.00 0 - 360
3.75 247 0.00 0 - 360
1.88 247 0.00 0 - 360
0.00 247 0.00 0 - 360

Mu,Fill1=(Positiveredistributedmomentatmiddle)*1.5
Mu,Fill2=(Negativeredistributedmomentatmiddle)*1.5
ProcedureadoptedforcalculationofreinfissimilartoCase1

Middle - Fill 1 & Fill 2 Face


Fill 1 face Fill 2 face
Ht from
Moment Moment
bottom of
d = D - c' Mu Ast for Mu Reqd Ast d = D - c' Mu Ast for Mu Reqd Ast
wall
Factored Factored
2
m mm kN-m/m mm mm2 mm kN-m/m mm2 mm2
7.50 360 360
7.50 247 0.00 0 360 262 0.00 0 360
5.63 247 3.83 42 360 262 0.00 0 360
3.75 247 7.66 70 360 262 0.00 0 360
1.88 247 11.49 113 360 262 0.00 0 360
0.00 247 0.00 0 360 262 0.00 0 360

Page 45
Summary of Vertical Reinforcement (Provided)

MaximumoftherequiredreinforcementascalculatedforCase1andCase2aretabulatedbelow.

Reqd reinf Provided reinforcement


Ht from
bottom of
wall Fill 1 Fill 2 Fill 1 Fill 2
7.50 360 360 00000+12200 00000+10150
7.50 360 360 00000+12200 00000+10150
5.63 360 360 00000+12200 00000+10150
3.75 360 360 00000+12200 00000+10150
1.88 360 360 00000+12100 00000+10150
0.00 675 360 00000+12100 00000+10150
Curtail at - Fill 1 - Fill 1 - Fill 2 - Fill 2 2.00

Summary of Horizontal Reinforcement (Provided)

MaximumoftherequiredreinforcementascalculatedforCase1andCase2aretabulatedbelow.

Required horizontal reinforcement


Edge Middle portion
Ht from
bottom of Fill 1 Fill 2 Fill 1 Fill 2
wall
7.50 360 360 360 360
7.50 360 360 360 360
5.63 360 360 360 360
3.75 360 360 360 360
1.88 360 360 360 360
0.00 360 360 360 360

Provided horizontal reinforcement


Edge Middle Portion
Ht from
Fill 1Extra reinf (b) + Fill 2Extra reinf (b)
bottom of Fill 1Thru' reinf (a) Fill 2Thru' reinf (a)
Thru' reinf (a) +Thru' reinf (a)
wall
7.50 00000+10200 00000+10200 00000+10200 00000+10200
7.50 00000+10200 00000+10200 00000+10200 00000+10200
5.63 00000+10200 00000+10200 00000+10200 00000+10200
3.75 00000+10200 00000+10200 00000+10200 00000+10200
1.88 00000+10200 00000+10200 00000+10200 00000+10200
0.00 00000+10200 00000+10200 00000+10200 00000+10200
Break at - Fill 1 - Fill 1 - Fill 2 - Fill 2

CHECK FOR SHEAR

HorSpanningWall 1.88

Shearalongsideedge
Halfthelengthofwallisassumedtocontributetowardsshearatverticaledge
Shearatandabove1.875m=0.5*L*Pressureofthefill (Coefficient=0.5*L)
Below1.875m,wallisassumedtoactascantilever.
Atbottom,MIN(1,0.5*L)mlengthofwallisassumedtocontributetowardsshearatverticaledge
Shear=MIN(1,0.5*L)*Pressureofthefill (Coefficient=MIN(1,0.5*L))
Pressureofthefill=k'**(HOFh);h=heightfrombottom,k'and arefortherespectivefills

Page 46
Shearatcorner&midptofbottomedge
Shear=1.0*k'**HOF*H'=0.5*H'*Pressureoffill (Coefficient=0.5*H')
H'=Heightuptowhichwallisassumedtobecantilever

CASE 1 FILL 1 ACTING ; FILL 2 NOT ACTING

Ht from Effective
Pressure
bottom of Location Coeff Shear V Depth D depth d =
of fill
wall h D - c'
m kN/m2 kN/m mm mm
7.50
7.50 Side edge - 1.100 0.00 300 247
5.63 Side edge 19.69 1.100 21.66 300 247
3.75 Side edge 39.38 1.100 43.31 300 247
1.88 Side edge 59.06 1.100 64.97 300 247
0.00 Corner - bottom edge 78.75 -0.938 -73.83 300 247
0.00 Mid pt - bottom edge 78.75 0.938 73.83 300 247

Negativesignindicatesthatreactionactsinthedirectionofload.
Thiswillnotcausedirecttensioninadjoiningwall.

FactoredShearVu=1.5*V v=Vu*1000/(1000*d)
Ast=providedtensionreinfHorizontalforsideedge&Verticalforbottomedge
%Ast=Ast(provided)*100/(1000*d)
Shearstrengthofconcreteciscalculatedfromtable19ofIS4562000
Shearstrengthismultipliedbyfactorforenhancedshearstrengthofconcretenearsupport.
Referclause40.5and40.2.1.1ofIS4562000forenhancementofshearstrength
cismultipliedby2forshearstrengthatedge,becauseshearstressbeingveryclosetosupport
cisalsomultipliedbyanotherfactorforsolidslabs1.0to1.3dependingonthicknessofslab
c,maxisaspertable20ofIS4562000
CheckforshearisOK,ifv<Factor*candv<0.5*c,max

Ht from Nominal Shear


Factored Provided Maximum Check for
bottom of Shear V shear % Ast Strength
Shear Vu Ast c,max Shear
wall h stress v Factor * c

m kN/m kN/m N/mm2 mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2


7.50
7.50 0.00 0.00 0.000 393 0.16 0.60 3.50 OK
5.63 21.66 32.48 0.132 393 0.16 0.60 3.50 OK
3.75 43.31 64.97 0.263 393 0.16 0.60 3.50 OK
1.88 64.97 97.45 0.395 393 0.16 0.60 3.50 OK
0.00 73.83 110.74 0.448 1131 0.46 0.96 3.50 OK
0.00 73.83 110.74 0.448 1131 0.46 0.96 3.50 OK

CASE 2 FILL 2 ACTING ; FILL 1 NOT ACTING

Ht from Effective
Pressure
bottom of Location Coeff Shear V Depth D depth d =
of fill
wall h D - c'
m kN/m2 kN/m mm mm
7.50
7.50 Side edge - 1.100 0.00 300 262
5.63 Side edge 8.44 1.100 9.29 300 262
3.75 Side edge 16.88 1.100 18.57 300 262
Page 47
1.88 Side edge 25.32 1.100 27.86 300 262
0.00 Corner - bottom edge 33.77 -0.938 -31.66 300 262
0.00 Mid pt - bottom edge 33.77 0.938 31.66 300 262

Ht from Nominal Shear


Factored Provided Maximum Check for
bottom of Shear V shear % Ast Strength
Shear Vu Ast c,max Shear
wall h stress v Factor * c
2 2 2 2
m kN/m kN/m N/mm mm N/mm N/mm
7.50
7.50 0.00 0.00 0.000 393 0.15 0.75 3.50 OK
5.63 9.29 13.93 0.053 393 0.15 0.75 3.50 OK
3.75 18.57 27.86 0.106 393 0.15 0.75 3.50 OK
1.88 27.86 41.79 0.159 393 0.15 0.75 3.50 OK
0.00 31.66 47.48 0.181 524 0.20 0.86 3.50 OK
0.00 31.66 47.48 0.181 524 0.20 0.86 3.50 OK

CHECK FOR CRACK WIDTH :-

Checkforcrackwidthisdoneforfollowinglocations:

(a)Case1(OnlyFill1Acting)VerticalMomentsFill1Face
(b)Case2(OnlyFill2Acting)VerticalMomentsFill2Face
(c)Case1(OnlyFill1Acting)HorizontalMomentsatEdgeFill1Face
(d)Case2(OnlyFill2Acting)HorizontalMomentsatEdgeFill2Face
(e)Case1(OnlyFill1Acting)HorizontalMomentsatMiddleFill2Face
(f)Case2(OnlyFill2Acting)HorizontalMomentsatMiddleFill1Face

ProcedureforcalculatingcrackwidthhasbeenexplainedwhiledoingcalculationsforSrl(a)
CrackwidthcalculationsforSrl(b)toSrl(f)hasnotbeenmadepartofdesigncalculations,becausenoneofthe
momentsandtensionsexceedthefollowingvalues,whichareeverysmall
Moment= 10kNm/m Tension= 10kN/m

Checking crack width - Fill 1 - Vertical moments

Data for check of crack width

Height Forces on section Section in Tension Provided reinf


Overall Section in
from
thickness Bending / Moment Direct Ast Fill 1 Ast Fill 2
bottom of T' T"
D Tension M Tension T As As'
wall
m mm kN-m/m kN/m kN/m kN/m mm2 mm2
7.50
7.50 300 Bending 0.00 565 524
5.63 300 Bending 0.00 565 524
3.75 300 Bending 0.00 565 524
1.88 300 Bending 0.00 0.00 1131 524
0.00 300 Bending 46.14 0.00 1131 524

MomentMandDirecttensionTaretheforcesactingonthesection
Procedureforcheckingwhetherthesectionisbendingortensionisexplainedearlier
T'=tensiononexcesstensileface;T"=tensiononlesstensileface
T'andT"arecalculatedonlyifthesectionisintension

Page 48
ProcedureforcalculatingT'andT"incasesectionisintensionhasalsobeenexplainedearlier.
As=Reinforcementontensionface;As'=Reinforcementoncompressionface/lesstensileface

ProcedureforcalculationofcrackwidthSectioninBending

Notethatthecrackwidthiscalculatedforvaluesofdia,spacingsandcr
asgivenindesignparameters.

CalculatingdepthofNAfortheprovidedreinforcementAsandAs'

fc=stressinextremecompressionfibre
fsandfs'=stressinreinfneartensionandcompressionfacerespectively
x=DepthofNA
d=Effectivedepth=Dc' c'=Effectivecover(mm)= 53
d'=distanceofcentreofcompressionreinforcementfromextremecompressionfibre= 38

Relationbetweenthestressesisasgivenbelow:

NetTensionT=TotaltensileforceTTotalcompressiveforceC

Takingmomentaboutthetensionreinforcement

Aboveequationsaresolvedforthevaluesoffc,fs,fs'andx.

ReferIS3370(Part2)2009forcrackwidthcalculations

1=Straininextremetensionfibre=

2=Strainduetostiffeningeffectinconcrete=

m=Averagesurfacestrain=12

Crackwidthw=

Page 49
ProcedureforcalculationofcrackwidthSectioninTension

Stressinreinfnearexcesstensilefacefs= T'*1000/As

Stressinreinfnearlesstensilefacefs'= T"*1000/As'

s=Straininreinfnearexcesstensileface=

Straingradient=

1=Straininextremetensionfibre=s+straingradientxd'

2=Strainduetostiffeningeffectinconcrete=

m=Averagesurfacestrain=12
Crackwidthw=

GrossareaofconcreteAc=1000*D+(m1)*(As+As')
DirectTensioninconcretefct=T*1000/Ac

Permissiblevalues
Stressinreinforcement(N/mm2)=0.8*fy= 400
2
Bendingstressinextremecompressionfibrefc(N/mm )=0.45*fck= 13.5
2
Directtensioninconcretefct(N/mm )= 3.6
Crackwidthw(mm)= 0.2

section in bending section in tension crack width calculations check


fs x fs fs' 1 2 m w fc/fct
2 2
N/mm mm N/mm N/mm2 mm N/mm2

0.0 45.4 0.0000 0.0009 -0.0009 -0.2202 0.0


0.0 45.4 0.0000 0.0009 -0.0009 -0.2202 0.0
0.0 45.4 0.0000 0.0009 -0.0009 -0.2202 0.0
0.0 60.9 0.0000 0.0005 -0.0005 -0.1025 0.0
180.0 60.9 0.0011 0.0005 0.0006 0.1429 6.3
ALLOK ALLOK ALLOK

Checking crack width - Fill 2 - Vertical moments

Data for check of crack width

Height Forces on section Section in Tension Provided reinf


Overall Section in
from
thickness Bending / Moment Direct Ast Fill 1 Ast Fill 2
bottom of T' T"
D Tension M Tension T As As'
wall
m mm kN-m/m kN/m kN/m kN/m mm2 mm2
7.50
7.50 300 Bending 0.00 524 565
5.63 300 Bending 0.00 524 565
3.75 300 Bending 0.00 524 565
1.88 300 Bending 0.00 0.00 524 1131
0.00 300 Bending 19.78 0.00 524 1131

Page 50
section in bending section in tension crack width calculations check
fs x fs fs' 1 2 m w fc/fct
2 2 2
N/mm mm N/mm N/mm mm N/mm2

0.0 46.6 0.0000 0.0009 -0.0009 -0.2017 0.0


0.0 46.6 0.0000 0.0009 -0.0009 -0.2017 0.0
0.0 46.6 0.0000 0.0009 -0.0009 -0.2017 0.0
0.0 47.2 0.0000 0.0009 -0.0009 -0.2011 0.0
153.4 47.2 0.0010 0.0009 0.0000 0.0020 3.6
ALLOK ALLOK ALLOK

Checking crack width - Case 1 - Fill 1 - Horizontal moments at edge

Data for check of crack width

Height Forces on section Section in Tension Provided reinf


Overall Section in
from
thickness Bending / Moment Direct Ast Fill 1 Ast Fill 2
bottom of T' T"
D Tension M Tension T As As'
wall
m mm kN-m/m kN/m kN/m kN/m mm2 mm2
7.50
7.50 300 Bending 0.00 0.00 393 393
5.63 300 Bending 7.94 0.00 393 393
3.75 300 Bending 15.88 0.00 393 393
1.88 300 Bending 23.82 0.00 393 393
0.00 300 Bending 0.00 0.00 393 393

section in bending section in tension crack width calculations check


fs x fs fs' 1 2 m w fc/fct
2
N/mm mm N/mm2 N/mm2 mm N/mm2

0.0 39.0 0.0000 0.0014 -0.0014 -0.3261 0.0


86.4 39.0 0.0005 0.0014 -0.0009 -0.2062 1.7
172.8 39.0 0.0010 0.0014 -0.0004 -0.0864 3.5
259.2 39.0 0.0015 0.0014 0.0001 0.0335 5.2
0.0 39.0 0.0000 0.0014 -0.0014 -0.3261 0.0
ALLOK ALLOK ALLOK

Checking crack width - Case 2 - Fill 2 - Horizontal moments at edge

Data for check of crack width

Height Forces on section Section in Tension Provided reinf


Overall Section in
from
thickness Bending / Moment Direct Ast Fill 1 Ast Fill 2
bottom of T' T"
D Tension M Tension T As As'
wall
m mm kN-m/m kN/m kN/m kN/m mm2 mm
2

7.50
7.50 300 Bending 0.00 0.00 393 393
5.63 300 Bending 3.40 0.00 393 393
3.75 300 Bending 6.81 0.00 393 393
1.88 300 Bending 10.21 0.00 393 393
0.00 300 Bending 0.00 0.00 393 393

Page 51
section in bending section in tension crack width calculations check
fs x fs fs' 1 2 m w fc/fct
2 2 2
N/mm mm N/mm N/mm mm N/mm2

0.0 41.3 0.0000 0.0013 -0.0013 -0.2759 0.0


34.9 41.3 0.0002 0.0013 -0.0011 -0.2295 0.7
69.9 41.3 0.0004 0.0013 -0.0009 -0.1831 1.4
104.8 41.3 0.0006 0.0013 -0.0006 -0.1367 2.1
0.0 41.3 0.0000 0.0013 -0.0013 -0.2759 0.0
ALLOK ALLOK ALLOK

Checking crack width - Case 1 - Fill 2 - Horizontal moments at middle

Data for check of crack width

Height Overall Provided reinf


from thickness Moment M Ast Fill 1 Ast Fill 2
bottom of D As As'
2 2
m mm kN-m/m mm mm
7.50
7.50 300 0.00 393 393
5.63 300 5.96 393 393
3.75 300 11.91 393 393
1.88 300 17.87 393 393
0.00 300 0.00 393 393

section in bending crack width calculations check


fs x 1 2 m w fc
2
N/mm mm mm N/mm2

0.0 41.3 0.0000 0.0013 -0.0013 -0.2759 0.0


61.1 41.3 0.0004 0.0013 -0.0009 -0.1947 1.2
122.2 41.3 0.0008 0.0013 -0.0005 -0.1135 2.4
183.3 41.3 0.0011 0.0013 -0.0002 -0.0323 3.7
0.0 41.3 0.0000 0.0013 -0.0013 -0.2759 0.0
ALLOK ALLOK ALLOK

Page 52
DESIGN OF FOUNDATIONS

Page 53
Foundation for Wall: W1 Location: Outer Wall

Type Ifthesamefoundationistobeanalyzedformorethanone
1 condition,itisindicatedbyTypeNo.

DESIGN DATA

LW=Lengthofwall(m) BOW=Bottomofwall(m) BOF=Bottomoffill(m)


HOF=Heightoffill(m) = Density of fill (kN/m3) NGL=NaturalGroundLevel

BOW: 197.50 BOF: 197.50 NGL: 198.00

HOF Overturning moment


Fill 3 Case
m kN/m kN-m/m
Fill 1 Water 7.50 10.5 Case 1 295.31
Fill 2 Earth 6.50 18.0 Case 2 261.49

Weight of wall per RM (kN/m) = 93.75 Length LW (m) = 18.70

Distances of CG of wall from edges (m) G1 = 0.263 G2 = 0.437

Additional Loads & Moments


Location V M L' X
Fill 1 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Fill 2 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Top 0.00 0.00 0.00

Detailsofadditionalloads&momentsactingonthewall
VandM=TotalVerticalLoad(kN)andmoment(kNm)
L'=Lengthoverwhichloadsandmomentsaredistributed
X=Distanceofloadsfromtheedgesofloadaspersketch
Detailsofadditionalloads&momentsactingonthewall
Downwardloadandclockwisemomentsare+ve

Additionalload/m=Totalload/L'

DESIGN PARAMETERS

fck = 30 fy = 500 m = 9.33 Es = 2.00E+05


N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2

c= Clearcovertoreinforcement
= Diaofreinforcement c'= Effectivecover=c+0.5*
w= Permissiblecrackwidth s= Spacingofreinforcement
cr=maximumspacingoftensilebarfromouteredgeofconcrete(mm)

Page 54
Notethatthecrackwidthiscalculatedfortheabovevaluesofdia,spacings,effectivecoverc'
andcr

Fill c c' w s cr
Water 45 16 53 0.2 250 127.77
Earth 30 16 38 0.2 250 122.65

SAFE BEARING CAPACITY

2
Net safe bearing capacity (kN/m ) = 79.2
Depth below NGL (m) = NGL - BOF = 1.0

Gross bearing capacity = Net SBC + Depth below NGL * d = 89.2 kN/m
2

DIMENSIONING AND CALCULATIONS

Th1F1=ThicnessoffootingFill1nearwall Water Earth


Th2F1=ThicnessoffootingFill1nearedge
Th1F2=ThicnessoffootingFill2nearwall
Th2F2=ThicnessoffootingFill1nearedge

L1=LengthoffootingFill1side
L2=LengthoffootingFill2side

Boxesonleftandrightsidegivesthicknessof Flat T & B Flat T & B


footingnearwallandedge(mm)andLengthof 500 500
footing(m).Flattop/bottomisindicatedfor 500 2.00 1.20 500
informationonly. - -

L1 Th1F1 Th2F1 L2 Th1F2 Th2F2


m mm mm m mm mm
2.00 500 500 1.20 500 500

Total length of base (m) LB = L1 + L2 + G1 + G2 = 3.90

GF1=CGoffootingonFill1sidefromP;GF2=CGoffootingonFill2sidefromS
GF1andGF2arecalculatedusingfollowingformulaeforCGoftrapezium

GF1 = 1.000 m GF2 = 0.600 m

WF1=WeightoffootingonFill1side=0.5*(Th1F1+Th2F1)*L1*25
WF2=WeightoffootingonFill2side=0.5*(Th1F2+Th2F2)*L2*25

Page 55
WF1 = 25.00 kN/m WF2 = 15.00 kN/m

Widthofcentralportionoffootingunderwall=LCF=G1+G2
Weightofcentralportionoffooting=WCF=0.5*(Th1F1+Th1F2)*(G1+G2)*25
CGofcenralportionoffootingisassumedtobeatthecentre
LCF = 0.700 m WCF = 8.75 kN/m

Footingisanalyzedforthefollowingloadcase
Case1= Fill1acting;Fill2notacting MomentsarecalculatedaboutpointS
Case2= Fill2acting;Fill1notacting MomentsarecalculatedaboutpointP
Case3= BothFillsacting MomentsarecalculatedaboutpointS
Clockwisemomentsare+ve
CalculationshavebeenexplainedforCase1.CalculationsforCase2&3aredoneonsimilarlines.
Envelopemomentsandshearsarecalculatedfromtheabovecasesforfurthercalculations

CASE 1 Fill 1 acting ; Fill 2 not acting Clockwisemomentsare+ve

Load /m Distance
Moment
along length from S
Description Explanation
V d V*d
kN/m m kN-m/m
Overturningmoment.Referdesign
Horizontal pressure Fill 1 295.31
data
Horizontal pressure Fill 2 Fill2notacting

V=HOF1**L1
Weight of Fill 1 on footing 157.50 2.90 -456.75
d=LB0.5*L1

Weight of Fill 2 on footing Fill2notacting

V=WF1ReferCalculationsabove
Self weight of footing on Fill 1 side 25.00 2.90 -72.50
d=LBGF1

V=WF2ReferCalculationsabove
Self weight of footing on Fill 2 side 15.00 0.60 -9.00
d=GF2

V=WCFReferCalculationsabove
Self weight of central portion of footing 8.75 1.55 -13.56
d=0.5*LCF

V=Referdesigndata
Self weight of wall 93.75 1.64 -153.44
d=G2+L2

Referdesigndataforload=V/L'
Additional vertical load on Fill 1 side 0.00 0.00 0.00
d=X1+G1+G2+L2

Referdesigndataforload=V/L'
Additional vertical load on Fill 2 side 0.00 0.00 0.00
d=L2X2

Referdesigndataforload=V/L'
Additional vertical load at top of wall 0.00 0.00 0.00
d=G2+L2

Additional moment on Fill 1 side 0.00 Referdesigndataformoment=M/L'

Page 56
Additional moment on Fill 2 side 0.00 Referdesigndataformoment=M/L'

Additional moment on top of wall 0.00 Referdesigndataformoment=M/L'

Total overturning moments (Adding +ve moments) kN-m/m 295.31


Total resisting moments (Adding -ve moments) kN-m/m 705.25
Check for overturning = Overturning / resisting moments 2.39

Total vertical load P (kN/m) 300.00 Additionofverticalloads


Net moment (kN-m/m) 409.94 Algebraicadditionofmoments

Distance resultant from respective point (m) 1.37 Resultantfromthepointaboutwhichmomentsarecalculated

Distance of resultant from S (m) 1.37 DistanceofresultantfromS


Eccentricity e (m) 0.58 =0.5*LBDistanceofresulatntfromS
Base Pressure at P (kN/m2) 7.86 =(P/LB)(1(6*e/LB)) OK
2
Base Pressure at Q (kN/m ) 78.69 InterpolatedbetweenPandS OK
2
Base Pressure at R (kN/m ) 103.48 InterpolatedbetweenPandS
Base Pressure at S (kN/m2) 145.98 =(P/LB)+(1(6*e/LB))

Total base pressure P-Q (kN/m) 86.56 =0.5*(P+Q)*L1=TotalpressurefromPtoQ


CG of base pressure P-Q from Q (m) 0.73 Usingformulaeasgivenearlier
=(TotalbasepressurePQ*CGfromQ)WF1*(L1GF1)
Moment at Q (base) (kN-m/m) -119.55 WeightofFill1onfooting*0.5*L1
vemomentsindicatetensionattop
Total base pressure R-S (kN/m) 149.68 =0.5*(R+S)*L2=TotalpressurefromRtoS
CG of base pressure R-S from R (m) 0.63 Usingformulaeasgivenearlier

=TotalbasepressureRS*CGfromRWF2*(L2GF1)
Moment at R (base) (kN-m/m) 85.91
vemomentsindicatetensionattop

Shear at Q and R for Case 1

V
Point Case Tension at Explanation
kN/m
Q 1 Top 95.94 =TotalbasepressurePQWeightofFill1WF1
R 1 Bottom 134.68 =TotalbasepressureRSWF2
Astforcalculatingpermissibleshearstressisbasedonthetensionreinforcement

CASE 2 Fill 2 acting ; Fill 1 not acting Clockwisemomentsare+ve


CASE 3 Both Fills acting

Case 2 Case 3
Load /m
Moment Moment
along length Distance Distance
Description about P about S
V from P d from S d
V*d V*d
kN/m m kN-m/m m kN-m/m
Horizontal pressure Fill 1 295.31
Horizontal pressure Fill 2 -261.49 -261.49
Weight of Fill 1 on footing 157.50 1.00 2.90 -456.75
Weight of Fill 2 on footing 140.40 3.30 463.32 0.60 -84.24
Self weight of footing on Fill 1 side 25.00 1.00 25.00 2.90 -72.50
Self weight of footing on Fill 2 side 15.00 3.30 49.50 0.60 -9.00

Page 57
Self weight of central portion of footing 8.75 2.35 20.56 1.55 -13.56
Self weight of wall 93.75 2.26 212.19 1.64 -153.44
Addl vertical load on Fill 1 side 0.00 2.00 0.00 1.90 0.00
Addl vertical load on Fill 2 side 0.00 2.70 0.00 1.20 0.00
Addl vertical load at top of wall 0.00 2.26 0.00 1.64 0.00
Addl moment on Fill 1 side 0.00 0.00
Addl moment on Fill 2 side 0.00 0.00
Addl moment on top of wall 0.00 0.00

Total overturning moments 261.49 295.31


Total resisting moments 770.57 1050.98
Check for overturning 2.95 3.56

Total vertical load (kN/m) 282.90 440.40


Net moment (kN-m/m) 509.08 755.67
Distance resultant from respective point 1.80 1.72
Distance of resultant from S 2.10 1.72
Eccentricity -0.15 0.23
Base Pressure at P 89.33 72.25 OK
Base Pressure at Q 72.11 OK 113.97
Base Pressure at R 66.08 OK 128.57
Base Pressure at S 55.74 OK 153.60

Total base pressure P-Q 161.44 186.21


CG of base pressure P-Q from Q 1.04 0.93
Moment at Q (base) 142.18 -10.19
Total base pressure R-S 73.09 169.30
CG of base pressure R-S from R 0.58 0.62
Moment at R (base) -50.62 11.34

Shear at Q and R for Case 2 Shear at Q and R for Case 3

V Tension V
Point Case Tension at Point Case
kN/m at kN/m
Q 2 Bottom 136.44 Q 3 Top 3.71
R 2 Top 82.31 R 3 Bottom 13.90

Envelope moments at Q and R


Top/Base Moment Face c' d'
Envelope unfactored moments at Q Top 119.55 Water 53 38
kN-m/m Base 142.18 Earth 38 53
Envelope unfactored moments at R Top 50.62 Earth 38 53
kN-m/m Base 85.91 Earth 38 53
Momentistowardswater/earthfaceisrequiredtotakeappropriatevalueofclearcover.
d'=distanceofcentreofcompressionreinforcementfromextremecompressionfibre

Calculating required reinforcement for Limit State of Strength

UnfactoredmomentM=Calculatedmomentforfill1/fill2+Addlmoment,ifanyforfill1/fill2

Reinforcementiscalculatedforfactoredmoments;LoadFactor=1.5

Mu=M*1.5 Mu=Factoredmoments

Page 58
2
Alternatively,requiredreinforcementbasedonthevaluesofMu/bd canbetakenfromSP16

MinreinforcementiscalculatedaspertheprovisionsofIS3370(Part2)2009
Percentageofminreinforcement%= 0.35 Surfacezonethickness=0.5*D(max250mm)
2
Minreinforcement(mm )=reinf%*1000*surfacezonethickness/100

Reiforcementrequired=Max(AstforMu,Minreinforcement)

Moment
Moment Mu Provided Ast for Reinf
Location unfactor d = D - c' Mu/bd2 % Ast Min Reinf
Factor Th D Mu required
M
kN-m/m kN-m/m mm mm mm2 mm
2
mm
2

Q - Top 119.55 179.33 500 447 0.897 0.214 957 875 957
Q - Bot 142.18 213.27 500 462 0.999 0.239 1106 875 1106
R - Top 50.62 75.94 500 462 0.356 0.083 383 875 875
R - Bot 85.91 128.86 500 462 0.604 0.142 657 875 875

Summary of Reinf (Provided) :

Summaryofreinforcementasshownbelowgivesthefollowinginformation:
Outlineoffootingandwallhasbeenshownusingthicklines.
(a)Typeoffillsonbothsidesofwall
(b)Lengthandthicknessoffootingoneitherside
(c)ReinforcementinwallonFill1andFill2face
(d)Requiredreinforcement,providedreinforcementandareaofreinforcementforP,Q,R,S
(e)Distributionreinforcementrequiredandprovidedonbothsidesofthefill
(f)RequirementofreinforceemntandprovidedreinforcementatA,B,CandD,incaseofcurtailment

2 m ; 500 - 500 mm 1.2 m ; 500 - 500 mm


25200+12200 00000+16100
3020 2011
Fill 1 = Water Fill 2 = Earth
B= 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 =D
00000+16150 00000+16150 00000+16150 00000+16150
P 1340 1340 Q R 1340 1340 S
957 957 Top 875 875
12125 905 Distribution 875 905 12125
1106 1106 Bottom 875 875
00000+16100 00000+16100 25200+12200 25200+12200
2011 2011 3020 3020
A= 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 =C

Check for Shear

Provided Th
Point Case Tension at Face c' d
D
mm mm mm
Q 1 Top Water 500 53 447
Q 2 Bottom Earth 500 38 462

Page 59
Q 3 Top Water 500 53 447
R 1 Bottom Earth 500 38 462
R 2 Top Earth 500 38 462
R 3 Bottom Earth 500 38 462

FactoredShearVu=1.5*V
Ast=providedtensionreinfFill1reinfforCase1&Fill2reinfforCase2
%Ast=Ast(provided)*100/(1000*d)
Shearstrengthofconcreteciscalculatedfromtable19ofIS4562000
Shearstrengthismultipliedbyfactorforenhancedshearstrengthofconcretenearsupport.
Referclause40.5and40.2.1.1ofIS4562000forenhancementofshearstrength
cismultipliedby2forshearstrengthatedge,becauseshearstressbeingveryclosetosupport
cisalsomultipliedbyanotherfactorforsolidslabs1.0to1.3dependingonthicknessofslab
c,maxisaspertable20ofIS4562000
CheckforshearisOK,ifv<Factor*candv<0.5*c,max

Shear
Nominal
Point & Factored Provided Strength Maximum Check for
Shear V d shear stress % Ast
Case Shear Vu Ast Factor * c,max Shear
v
c
kN/m kN/m mm N/mm2 mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2
Q-1 95.94 143.91 447 0.322 1340 0.30 0.80 3.50 OK
Q-2 136.44 204.66 462 0.443 2011 0.44 0.94 3.50 OK
Q-3 3.71 5.57 447 0.012 1340 0.30 0.80 3.50 OK
R-1 134.68 202.02 462 0.437 3020 0.65 1.10 3.50 OK
R-2 82.31 123.46 462 0.267 1340 0.29 0.78 3.50 OK
R-3 13.90 20.85 462 0.045 3020 0.65 1.10 3.50 OK

CHECK FOR CRACK WIDTH :-

CheckforcrackwidthisdonefortheenvelopemomentsatQandR

Data for check of crack width

Overall Provided reinf


Location thicknes Moment M Face c' d' w s
D As As'
2 2
mm kN-m/m mm mm mm mm mm mm
Q - Top 500 119.55 Water 53 38 0.2 250 1340 2011
Q - Bot 500 142.18 Earth 38 53 0.2 250 2011 1340
R - Top 500 50.62 Earth 38 53 0.2 250 1340 3020
R - Bot 500 85.91 Earth 38 53 0.2 250 3020 1340

MomentMistheforcesactingonthesection
As=Reinforcementontensionface;As'=Reinforcementoncompressionface/lesstensileface

ProcedureforcalculationofcrackwidthSectioninBending

Notethatthecrackwidthiscalculatedforvaluesofdia,spacingsandcr
asgivenindesignparameters.

CalculatingdepthofNAfortheprovidedreinforcementAsandAs'

fc=stressinextremecompressionfibre
fsandfs'=stressinreinfneartensionandcompressionfacerespectively
x=DepthofNA

Page 60
d=Effectivedepth=Dc' c'=Effectivecover(mm)
d'=distanceofcentreofcompressionreinforcementfromextremecompressionfibre

Relationbetweenthestressesisasgivenbelow:

NetTensionT=TotaltensileforceTTotalcompressiveforceC

Takingmomentaboutthetensionreinforcement

Aboveequationsaresolvedforthevaluesoffc,fs,fs'andx.

ReferIS3370(Part2)2009forcrackwidthcalculations

1=Straininextremetensionfibre=

2=Strainduetostiffeningeffectinconcrete=

m=Averagesurfacestrain=12

Crackwidthw=

Permissiblevalues
Stressinreinforcement(N/mm2)=0.8*fy= 400
2
Bendingstressinextremecompressionfibrefc(N/mm )=0.45*fck= 13.5

Location section in bending crack width calculations check


fs x 1 2 m w fc
2 2
N/mm mm mm N/mm
Q - Top 213.1 85.3 0.0012 0.0006 0.0006 0.1606 5.4
Q - Bot 166.1 108.9 0.0010 0.0004 0.0006 0.1488 5.5
R - Top 87.2 86.6 0.0005 0.0006 -0.0001 -0.0174 2.2
R - Bot 67.9 129.7 0.0004 0.0002 0.0002 0.0407 2.8
All OK All OK All OK

Page 61
Foundation for Wall: W2 Location: Internal Wall

Type Ifthesamefoundationistobeanalyzedformorethanone
1 condition,itisindicatedbyTypeNo.

DESIGN DATA

LW=Lengthofwall(m) BOW=Bottomofwall(m) BOF=Bottomoffill(m)


HOF=Heightoffill(m) = Density of fill (kN/m3) NGL=NaturalGroundLevel

BOW: 197.50 BOF: 197.50 NGL: 198.00

HOF Overturning moment


Fill 3 Case
m kN/m kN-m/m
Fill 1 Water 7.50 10.5 Case 1 295.31
Fill 2 Water 7.50 10.5 Case 2 295.31

Weight of wall per RM (kN/m) = 93.75 Length LW (m) = 18.70

Distances of CG of wall from edges (m) G1 = 0.263 G2 = 0.437

Additional Loads & Moments


Location V M L' X
Fill 1 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Fill 2 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Top 0.00 0.00 0.00

Detailsofadditionalloads&momentsactingonthewall
VandM=TotalVerticalLoad(kN)andmoment(kNm)
L'=Lengthoverwhichloadsandmomentsaredistributed
X=Distanceofloadsfromtheedgesofloadaspersketch
Detailsofadditionalloads&momentsactingonthewall
Downwardloadandclockwisemomentsare+ve

Additionalload/m=Totalload/L'

DESIGN PARAMETERS

fck = 30 fy = 500 m = 9.33 Es = 2.00E+05


N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2

c= Clearcovertoreinforcement
= Diaofreinforcement c'= Effectivecover=c+0.5*
w= Permissiblecrackwidth s= Spacingofreinforcement
cr=maximumspacingoftensilebarfromouteredgeofconcrete(mm)

Page 62
Notethatthecrackwidthiscalculatedfortheabovevaluesofdia,spacings,effectivecoverc'
andcr

Fill c c' w s cr
Water 45 16 53 0.2 250 127.77
Earth 30 16 38 0.2 250 122.65

SAFE BEARING CAPACITY

2
Net safe bearing capacity (kN/m ) = 79.2
Depth below NGL (m) = NGL - BOW = 1.0

Gross bearing capacity = Net SBC + Depth below NGL * d = 89.2 kN/m
2

DIMENSIONING AND CALCULATIONS

Th1F1=ThicnessoffootingFill1nearwall Water Water


Th2F1=ThicnessoffootingFill1nearedge
Th1F2=ThicnessoffootingFill2nearwall
Th2F2=ThicnessoffootingFill1nearedge

L1=LengthoffootingFill1side
L2=LengthoffootingFill2side

Boxesonleftandrightsidegivesthicknessof Flat T & B Flat T & B


footingnearwallandedge(mm)andLengthof 500 500
footing(m).Flattop/bottomisindicatedfor 500 2.00 2.00 500
informationonly. - -

L1 Th1F1 Th2F1 L2 Th1F2 Th2F2


m mm mm m mm mm
2.00 500 500 2.00 500 500

Total length of base (m) LB = L1 + L2 + G1 + G2 = 4.70

GF1=CGoffootingonFill1sidefromP;GF2=CGoffootingonFill2sidefromS
GF1andGF2arecalculatedusingfollowingformulaeforCGoftrapezium

GF1 = 1.000 m GF2 = 1.000 m

WF1=WeightoffootingonFill1side=0.5*(Th1F1+Th2F1)*L1*25
WF2=WeightoffootingonFill2side=0.5*(Th1F2+Th2F2)*L2*25

Page 63
WF1 = 25.00 kN/m WF2 = 25.00 kN/m

Widthofcentralportionoffootingunderwall=LCF=G1+G2
Weightofcentralportionoffooting=WCF=0.5*(Th1F1+Th1F2)*(G1+G2)*25
CGofcenralportionoffootingisassumedtobeatthecentre
LCF = 0.700 m WCF = 8.75 kN/m

Footingisanalyzedforthefollowingloadcase
Case1= Fill1acting;Fill2notacting MomentsarecalculatedaboutpointS
Case2= Fill2acting;Fill1notacting MomentsarecalculatedaboutpointP
Case3= BothFillsacting MomentsarecalculatedaboutpointS
Clockwisemomentsare+ve
CalculationshavebeenexplainedforCase1.CalculationsforCase2&3aredoneonsimilarlines.
Envelopemomentsandshearsarecalculatedfromtheabovecasesforfurthercalculations

CASE 1 Fill 1 acting ; Fill 2 not acting Clockwisemomentsare+ve

Load /m Distance
Moment
along length from S
Description Explanation
V d V*d
kN/m m kN-m/m
Overturningmoment.Referdesign
Horizontal pressure Fill 1 295.31
data
Horizontal pressure Fill 2 Fill2notacting

V=HOF1**L1
Weight of Fill 1 on footing 157.50 3.70 -582.75
d=LB0.5*L1

Weight of Fill 2 on footing Fill2notacting

V=WF1ReferCalculationsabove
Self weight of footing on Fill 1 side 25.00 3.70 -92.50
d=LBGF1

V=WF2ReferCalculationsabove
Self weight of footing on Fill 2 side 25.00 1.00 -25.00
d=GF2

V=WCFReferCalculationsabove
Self weight of central portion of footing 8.75 2.35 -20.56
d=0.5*LCF

V=Referdesigndata
Self weight of wall 93.75 2.44 -228.44
d=G2+L2

Referdesigndataforload=V/L'
Additional vertical load on Fill 1 side 0.00 0.00 0.00
d=X1+G1+G2+L2

Referdesigndataforload=V/L'
Additional vertical load on Fill 2 side 0.00 0.00 0.00
d=L2X2

Referdesigndataforload=V/L'
Additional vertical load at top of wall 0.00 0.00 0.00
d=G2+L2

Additional moment on Fill 1 side 0.00 Referdesigndataformoment=M/L'

Page 64
Additional moment on Fill 2 side 0.00 Referdesigndataformoment=M/L'

Additional moment on top of wall 0.00 Referdesigndataformoment=M/L'

Total overturning moments (Adding +ve moments) kN-m/m 295.31


Total resisting moments (Adding -ve moments) kN-m/m 949.25
Check for overturning = Overturning / resisting moments 3.21

Total vertical load P (kN/m) 310.00 Additionofverticalloads


Net moment (kN-m/m) 653.94 Algebraicadditionofmoments

Distance resultant from respective point (m) 2.11 Resultantfromthepointaboutwhichmomentsarecalculated

Distance of resultant from S (m) 2.11 DistanceofresultantfromS


Eccentricity e (m) 0.24 =0.5*LBDistanceofresulatntfromS
Base Pressure at P (kN/m2) 45.71 =(P/LB)(1(6*e/LB)) OK
Base Pressure at Q (kN/m2) 62.94 InterpolatedbetweenPandS OK
Base Pressure at R (kN/m2) 68.97 InterpolatedbetweenPandS OK
Base Pressure at S (kN/m2) 86.21 =(P/LB)+(1(6*e/LB)) OK

Total base pressure P-Q (kN/m) 108.65 =0.5*(P+Q)*L1=TotalpressurefromPtoQ


CG of base pressure P-Q from Q (m) 0.95 Usingformulaeasgivenearlier
=(TotalbasepressurePQ*CGfromQ)WF1*(L1GF1)
Moment at Q (base) (kN-m/m) -79.60 WeightofFill1onfooting*0.5*L1
vemomentsindicatetensionattop
Total base pressure R-S (kN/m) 155.18 =0.5*(R+S)*L2=TotalpressurefromRtoS
CG of base pressure R-S from R (m) 1.04 Usingformulaeasgivenearlier

=TotalbasepressureRS*CGfromRWF2*(L2GF1)
Moment at R (base) (kN-m/m) 135.93
vemomentsindicatetensionattop

Shear at Q and R for Case 1

V
Point Case Tension at Explanation
kN/m
Q 1 Top 73.85 =TotalbasepressurePQWeightofFill1WF1
R 1 Bottom 130.18 =TotalbasepressureRSWF2
Astforcalculatingpermissibleshearstressisbasedonthetensionreinforcement

CASE 2 Fill 2 acting ; Fill 1 not acting Clockwisemomentsare+ve


CASE 3 Both Fills acting

Case 2 Case 3
Load /m
Moment Moment
along length Distance Distance
Description about P about S
V from P d from S d
V*d V*d
kN/m m kN-m/m m kN-m/m
Horizontal pressure Fill 1 295.31
Horizontal pressure Fill 2 -295.31 -295.31
Weight of Fill 1 on footing 157.50 1.00 3.70 157.50
Weight of Fill 2 on footing 157.50 3.70 582.75 1.00 582.75
Self weight of footing on Fill 1 side 25.00 1.00 25.00 3.70 25.00
Self weight of footing on Fill 2 side 25.00 3.70 92.50 1.00 92.50

Page 65
Self weight of central portion of footing 8.75 2.35 20.56 2.35 20.56
Self weight of wall 93.75 2.26 212.19 2.44 212.19
Addl vertical load on Fill 1 side 0.00 2.00 0.00 2.70 0.00
Addl vertical load on Fill 2 side 0.00 2.70 0.00 2.00 0.00
Addl vertical load at top of wall 0.00 2.26 0.00 2.44 0.00
Addl moment on Fill 1 side 0.00 0.00
Addl moment on Fill 2 side 0.00 0.00
Addl moment on top of wall 0.00 0.00

Total overturning moments 295.31 295.31


Total resisting moments 933.00 1385.81
Check for overturning 3.16 4.69

Total vertical load (kN/m) 310.00 467.50


Net moment (kN-m/m) 637.69 1090.50
Distance resultant from respective point 2.06 2.33
Distance of resultant from S 2.64 2.37
Eccentricity -0.29 -0.02
Base Pressure at P 90.62 101.67
Base Pressure at Q 69.63 OK 99.80
Base Pressure at R 62.28 OK 99.14
Base Pressure at S 41.29 OK 97.26

Total base pressure P-Q 160.25 201.47


CG of base pressure P-Q from Q 1.04 1.00
Moment at Q (base) 142.25 19.60
Total base pressure R-S 103.58 196.40
CG of base pressure R-S from R 0.93 1.00
Moment at R (base) -85.92 13.27

Shear at Q and R for Case 2 Shear at Q and R for Case 3

V Tension V
Point Case Tension at Point Case
kN/m at kN/m
Q 2 Bottom 135.25 Q 3 Bottom 18.97
R 2 Top 78.92 R 3 Bottom 13.90

Envelope moments at Q and R


Top/Base Moment Face c' d'
Envelope unfactored moments at Q Top 79.60 Water 53 38
kN-m/m Base 142.25 Earth 38 53
Envelope unfactored moments at R Top 85.92 Water 53 38
kN-m/m Base 135.93 Earth 38 53
Momentistowardswater/earthfaceisrequiredtotakeappropriatevalueofclearcover.
d'=distanceofcentreofcompressionreinforcementfromextremecompressionfibre

Calculating required reinforcement for Limit State of Strength

UnfactoredmomentM=Calculatedmomentforfill1/fill2+Addlmoment,ifanyforfill1/fill2

Reinforcementiscalculatedforfactoredmoments;LoadFactor=1.5

Mu=M*1.5 Mu=Factoredmoments

Page 66
2
Alternatively,requiredreinforcementbasedonthevaluesofMu/bd canbetakenfromSP16

MinreinforcementiscalculatedaspertheprovisionsofIS3370(Part2)2009
Percentageofminreinforcement%= 0.35 Surfacezonethickness=0.5*D(max250mm)
2
Minreinforcement(mm )=reinf%*1000*surfacezonethickness/100

Reiforcementrequired=Max(AstforMu,Minreinforcement)

Moment
Moment Mu Provided Ast for Reinf
Location unfactor d = D - c' Mu/bd2 % Ast Min Reinf
Factor Th D Mu required
M
kN-m/m kN-m/m mm mm mm2 mm
2
mm
2

Q - Top 79.60 119.40 500 447 0.598 0.141 629 875 875
Q - Bot 142.25 213.38 500 462 1.000 0.239 1106 875 1106
R - Top 85.92 128.88 500 447 0.645 0.152 680 875 875
R - Bot 135.93 203.89 500 462 0.955 0.228 1055 875 1055

Summary of Reinf (Provided) :

Summaryofreinforcementasshownbelowgivesthefollowinginformation:
Outlineoffootingandwallhasbeenshownusingthicklines.
(a)Typeoffillsonbothsidesofwall
(b)Lengthandthicknessoffootingoneitherside
(c)ReinforcementinwallonFill1andFill2face
(d)Requiredreinforcement,providedreinforcementandareaofreinforcementforP,Q,R,S
(e)Distributionreinforcementrequiredandprovidedonbothsidesofthefill
(f)RequirementofreinforceemntandprovidedreinforcementatA,B,CandD,incaseofcurtailment

2 m ; 500 - 500 mm 2 m ; 500 - 500 mm


25200+12200 25200+12200
3020 3020
Fill 1 = Water Fill 2 = Water
B= 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 =D
00000+16150 00000+16150 00000+16150 00000+16150
P 1340 1340 Q R 1340 1340 S
875 875 Top 875 875
12125 905 Distribution 875 905 12125
1106 1106 Bottom 1055 1055
25200+12200 25200+12200 00000+25200 00000+25200
3020 3020 2454 2454
A= 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 =C

Check for Shear

Provided Th
Point Case Tension at Face c' d
D
mm mm mm
Q 1 Top Water 500 53 447
Q 2 Bottom Earth 500 38 462

Page 67
Q 3 Bottom Earth 500 38 462
R 1 Bottom Earth 500 38 462
R 2 Top Water 500 53 447
R 3 Bottom Earth 500 38 462

FactoredShearVu=1.5*V
Ast=providedtensionreinfFill1reinfforCase1&Fill2reinfforCase2
%Ast=Ast(provided)*100/(1000*d)
Shearstrengthofconcreteciscalculatedfromtable19ofIS4562000
Shearstrengthismultipliedbyfactorforenhancedshearstrengthofconcretenearsupport.
Referclause40.5and40.2.1.1ofIS4562000forenhancementofshearstrength
cismultipliedby2forshearstrengthatedge,becauseshearstressbeingveryclosetosupport
cisalsomultipliedbyanotherfactorforsolidslabs1.0to1.3dependingonthicknessofslab
c,maxisaspertable20ofIS4562000
CheckforshearisOK,ifv<Factor*candv<0.5*c,max

Shear
Nominal
Point & Factored Provided Strength Maximum Check for
Shear V d shear stress % Ast
Case Shear Vu Ast Factor * c,max Shear
v
c
kN/m kN/m mm N/mm2 mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2
Q-1 73.85 110.78 447 0.248 1340 0.30 0.80 3.50 OK
Q-2 135.25 202.88 462 0.439 3020 0.65 1.10 3.50 OK
Q-3 18.97 28.46 462 0.062 3020 0.65 1.10 3.50 OK
R-1 130.18 195.28 462 0.423 2454 0.53 1.02 3.50 OK
R-2 78.92 118.39 447 0.265 1340 0.30 0.80 3.50 OK
R-3 13.90 20.85 462 0.045 2454 0.53 1.02 3.50 OK

CHECK FOR CRACK WIDTH :-

CheckforcrackwidthisdonefortheenvelopemomentsatQandR

Data for check of crack width

Overall Provided reinf


Location thicknes Moment M Face c' d' w s
D As As'
2 2
mm kN-m/m mm mm mm mm mm mm
Q - Top 500 79.60 Water 53 38 0.2 250 1340 3020
Q - Bot 500 142.25 Earth 38 53 0.2 250 3020 1340
R - Top 500 85.92 Water 53 38 0.2 250 1340 2454
R - Bot 500 135.93 Earth 38 53 0.2 250 2454 1340

MomentMistheforcesactingonthesection
As=Reinforcementontensionface;As'=Reinforcementoncompressionface/lesstensileface

ProcedureforcalculationofcrackwidthSectioninBending

Notethatthecrackwidthiscalculatedforvaluesofdia,spacingsandcr
asgivenindesignparameters.

CalculatingdepthofNAfortheprovidedreinforcementAsandAs'

fc=stressinextremecompressionfibre
fsandfs'=stressinreinfneartensionandcompressionfacerespectively

Page 68
x=DepthofNA
d=Effectivedepth=Dc' c'=Effectivecover(mm)
d'=distanceofcentreofcompressionreinforcementfromextremecompressionfibre

Relationbetweenthestressesisasgivenbelow:

NetTensionT=TotaltensileforceTTotalcompressiveforceC

Takingmomentaboutthetensionreinforcement

Aboveequationsaresolvedforthevaluesoffc,fs,fs'andx.

ReferIS3370(Part2)2009forcrackwidthcalculations

1=Straininextremetensionfibre=

2=Strainduetostiffeningeffectinconcrete=

m=Averagesurfacestrain=12

Crackwidthw=

Permissiblevalues
Stressinreinforcement(N/mm2)=0.8*fy= 400
2
Bendingstressinextremecompressionfibrefc(N/mm )=0.45*fck= 13.5

Location section in bending crack width calculations check


fs x 1 2 m w fc
2 2
N/mm mm mm N/mm
Q - Top 141.5 81.7 0.0008 0.0006 0.0002 0.0509 3.4
Q - Bot 112.5 129.7 0.0007 0.0002 0.0004 0.1041 4.7
R - Top 152.9 83.7 0.0008 0.0006 0.0003 0.0690 3.8
R - Bot 131.1 118.7 0.0008 0.0003 0.0005 0.1162 4.9
All OK All OK All OK

Page 69
DESIGN OF SLABS, BEAMS &
COLUMNS

Page 70
DesignofSlab: SI Location: TopofTank TOC: 205.000

Slabwillbedesignedas Continuous slab

LoadFactor= 1.50 Lx= 3.31 Ly= 4.08 Assumedth(mm) 150

Wallatshortedge 0.00 TensionX 0.0 Wallatlongedge 0.00 TensionY 0.0

SelfweightkN/m2= 3.75 ImposedDeadLoad=3KN/m2


ImposedLoadkN/m2= DL 3.00 ImposedLiveLoad=2KN/m2
ImposedwaterLoadkN/m2= WL 0.00
ImposedLoadkN/m2= LL 2.00
TotalLoadkN/m2= 8.75

Loaddistributionalongshortandlongspan
Ly/Lx= 1.23 Twoway slab
kx= 0.698
ky= 0.302
MomentBottom 6.69
Shortspan
MomentcoeffBottom 10 MomentTop 6.69
MomentcoeffTop 10 MomentBottom 2.90
Longspan
MomentTop 2.90

Additionalmoment,ifany Shortspan Bottom 0.00 Top 0.00

Longspan Bottom 0.00 Top 0.00

Short TotalmomentBottom 6.69


span TotalmomentTop 6.69
TotalmomentBottom 2.90
Longspan
TotalmomentTop 2.90

fck= 30 fy= 500 m= 9.33 Es= 2.E+05 N/mm2

c c' d w s cr c ct
30 10 35 115 0.2 250 124.81 13.5 3.6

Areaofsteelcalculationbylimitstatedesignmethodandcheckingbylimitstateofserviceability
RefSP16andIS4562000ClG1.1forsectionswithoutcompressionreinforcement
RefIS33702009(Part2)AppendixB

LimitingmomentofresistancekNm= 52.77 Minreinforcementmm2= 180

M T ModifiedM Section Mu Ast Tu Ast


Short Bottom 6.69 0.0 6.69 Bending 10.03 207 0.0 0
span Top 6.69 6.69 Bending 10.03 207 0.0 0
Bottom 2.90 0.00 2.90 Bending 4.35 88 0.0 0
Longspan
Top 2.90 2.90 Bending 4.35 88 0.0 0

p% fst fsc s m
Short Bottom 0.4553 121.3 6.06E04 8.53E04 5.42E04 3.11E04
span Top 0.4553 121.3 6.06E04 8.53E04 5.42E04 3.11E04

Page 71
Bottom 0.3415 69.3 3.47E04 4.82E04 7.35E04 2.53E04
Longspan
Top 0.3415 69.3 3.47E04 4.82E04 7.35E04 2.53E04

w fc fct
Short Bottom 0.045 4.38
span Top 0.045 4.38
Bottom 0.037 2.13
Longspan
Top 0.037 2.13

Ast Asc Astand%(required) Astand%(provided)


Short Bottom 207 180 207 0.180 00000+10150 524 0.455
span Top 207 180 207 0.180 00000+10150 524 0.455
Bottom 180 180 180 0.157 00000+10200 393 0.341
Longspan
Top 180 180 180 0.157 00000+10200 393 0.341

CheckforShear

Additionalshearforce,ifany 0.00

DesignShear(kN)= 13.98 Factoredshearforce(kN)= 20.97 Shearstress(N/mm2)= 0.182

%ofreinforcement= 0.455 Maxshearstress= 3.500


RefIS4562000Table20Cl40.2.3

RefIS456:2000Cl40.2.1.1,Table19
Permissibleshearstressinslabs=kc= 0.624 [k=1.3] N/mm2

v<0.5*c,max;v<kc CheckforShear OK

CheckforDeflection
RefIS4562000Cl23.2.1,Cl24.1

Typeof fy span d pt req. pt prov. pc MFt MFc


slab N/mm2 mm mm % % % Fig. 4 Fig.5
Continuous 500 3310 115 0.180 0.455 0.455 2.00 1.14

l/d l/d Result


prov Cl 23.2.1 Cl 23.2.1
28.78 59.10 OK

LoadfromSlabonbeams

Loadonbeamalongshortspan= 9.7 kN/m Loadonbeamalonglongspan= 11.3 kN/m

Page 72
DesignofSlab: SII Location: FloorSlabofPanelRoom TOC: 205.000

Slabwillbedesignedas Continuous slab

LoadFactor= 1.50 Lx= 3.20 Ly= 3.31 Assumedth(mm) 150

Wallatshortedge 0.00 TensionX 0.0 Wallatlongedge 0.00 TensionY 0.0

SelfweightkN/m2= 3.75 ImposedDeadLoad=3KN/m2


ImposedLoadkN/m2= DL 3.00 ImposedLiveLoad=5KN/m2
ImposedwaterLoadkN/m2= WL 0.00
ImposedLoadkN/m2= LL 5.00
TotalLoadkN/m2= 11.75

Loaddistributionalongshortandlongspan
Ly/Lx= 1.03 Twoway slab
kx= 0.534
ky= 0.466
MomentBottom 6.42
Shortspan
MomentcoeffBottom 10 MomentTop 6.42
MomentcoeffTop 10 MomentBottom 5.61
Longspan
MomentTop 5.61

Additionalmoment,ifany Shortspan Bottom 0.00 Top 0.00

Longspan Bottom 0.00 Top 0.00

Short TotalmomentBottom 6.42


span TotalmomentTop 6.42
TotalmomentBottom 5.61
Longspan
TotalmomentTop 5.61

fck= 30 fy= 500 m= 9.33 Es= 2.E+05 N/mm2

c c' d w s cr c ct
30 10 35 115 0.2 250 124.81 13.5 3.6

Areaofsteelcalculationbylimitstatedesignmethodandcheckingbylimitstateofserviceability
RefSP16andIS4562000ClG1.1forsectionswithoutcompressionreinforcement
RefIS33702009(Part2)AppendixB

LimitingmomentofresistancekNm= 52.77 Minreinforcementmm2= 180

M T ModifiedM Section Mu Ast Tu Ast


Short Bottom 6.42 0.0 6.42 Bending 9.63 198 0.0 0
span Top 6.42 6.42 Bending 9.63 198 0.0 0
Bottom 5.61 0.00 5.61 Bending 8.41 173 0.0 0
Longspan
Top 5.61 5.61 Bending 8.41 173 0.0 0

p% fst fsc s m
Short Bottom 0.4553 116.4 5.82E04 8.19E04 5.42E04 2.77E04
span Top 0.4553 116.4 5.82E04 8.19E04 5.42E04 2.77E04

Page 73
Bottom 0.3415 134.2 6.71E04 9.34E04 7.35E04 1.99E04
Longspan
Top 0.3415 134.2 6.71E04 9.34E04 7.35E04 1.99E04

w fc fct
Short Bottom 0.040 4.21
span Top 0.040 4.21
Bottom 0.029 4.12
Longspan
Top 0.029 4.12

Ast Asc Astand%(required) Astand%(provided)


Short Bottom 198 180 198 0.172 00000+10150 524 0.455
span Top 198 180 198 0.172 00000+10150 524 0.455
Bottom 180 180 180 0.157 00000+10200 393 0.341
Longspan
Top 180 180 180 0.157 00000+10200 393 0.341

CheckforShear

Additionalshearforce,ifany 0.00

DesignShear(kN)= 18.12 Factoredshearforce(kN)= 27.19 Shearstress(N/mm2)= 0.236

%ofreinforcement= 0.455 Maxshearstress= 3.500


RefIS4562000Table20Cl40.2.3

RefIS456:2000Cl40.2.1.1,Table19
Permissibleshearstressinslabs=kc= 0.624 [k=1.3] N/mm2

v<0.5*c,max;v<kc CheckforShear OK

CheckforDeflection
RefIS4562000Cl23.2.1,Cl24.1

Typeof fy span d pt req. pt prov. pc MFt MFc


slab N/mm2 mm mm % % % Fig. 4 Fig.5
Continuous 500 3200 115 0.172 0.455 0.455 2.00 1.14

l/d l/d Result


prov Cl 23.2.1 Cl 23.2.1
27.83 59.10 OK

LoadfromSlabonbeams

Loadonbeamalongshortspan= 12.5 kN/m Loadonbeamalonglongspan= 12.9 kN/m

Page 74
DesignofSlab: SIII Location: RoofSlabofPanelRoom TOC: 209.300

Slabwillbedesignedas Simplysupported slab

LoadFactor= 1.50 Lx= 3.31 Ly= 6.23 Assumedth(mm) 150

Wallatshortedge 0.00 TensionX 0.0 Wallatlongedge 0.00 TensionY 0.0

SelfweightkN/m2= 3.75 ImposedDeadLoad=3.8KN/m2


ImposedLoadkN/m2= DL 3.80 ImposedLiveLoad=0.75KN/m2
ImposedwaterLoadkN/m2= WL 0.00
ImposedLoadkN/m2= LL 0.75
TotalLoadkN/m2= 8.30

Loaddistributionalongshortandlongspan
Ly/Lx= 1.88 Twoway slab
kx= 0.926
ky= 0.074
MomentBottom 8.42
Shortspan
MomentcoeffBottom 10 MomentTop 10.53
MomentcoeffTop 8 MomentBottom 0.67
Longspan
MomentTop 0.84

Additionalmoment,ifany Shortspan Bottom 0.00 Top 0.00

Longspan Bottom 0.00 Top 0.00

Short TotalmomentBottom 8.42


span TotalmomentTop 10.53
TotalmomentBottom 0.67
Longspan
TotalmomentTop 0.84

fck= 30 fy= 500 m= 9.33 Es= 2.E+05 N/mm2

c c' d w s cr c ct
30 10 35 115 0.2 250 124.81 13.5 3.6

Areaofsteelcalculationbylimitstatedesignmethodandcheckingbylimitstateofserviceability
RefSP16andIS4562000ClG1.1forsectionswithoutcompressionreinforcement
RefIS33702009(Part2)AppendixB

LimitingmomentofresistancekNm= 52.77 Minreinforcementmm2= 180

M T ModifiedM Section Mu Ast Tu Ast


Short Bottom 8.42 0.0 8.42 Bending 12.63 263 0.0 0
span Top 10.53 10.53 Bending 15.79 332 0.0 0
Bottom 0.67 0.00 0.67 Bending 1.01 20 0.0 0
Longspan
Top 0.84 0.84 Bending 1.26 25 0.0 0

p% fst fsc s m
Short Bottom 0.4553 152.7 7.64E04 1.07E03 5.42E04 5.32E04
span Top 0.4553 190.9 9.54E04 1.34E03 5.42E04 8.01E04

Page 75
Bottom 0.3415 16.1 8.03E05 1.12E04 7.35E04 6.23E04
Longspan
Top 0.3415 20.1 1.00E04 1.40E04 7.35E04 5.95E04

w fc fct
Short Bottom 0.078 5.52
span Top 0.117 6.90
Bottom 0.092 0.49
Longspan
Top 0.088 0.62

Ast Asc Astand%(required) Astand%(provided)


Short Bottom 263 180 263 0.228 00000+10150 524 0.455
span Top 332 180 332 0.289 00000+10150 524 0.455
Bottom 180 180 180 0.157 00000+10200 393 0.341
Longspan
Top 180 180 180 0.157 00000+10200 393 0.341

CheckforShear

Additionalshearforce,ifany 0.00

DesignShear(kN)= 13.26 Factoredshearforce(kN)= 19.89 Shearstress(N/mm2)= 0.173

%ofreinforcement= 0.455 Maxshearstress= 3.500


RefIS4562000Table20Cl40.2.3

RefIS456:2000Cl40.2.1.1,Table19
Permissibleshearstressinslabs=kc= 0.624 [k=1.3] N/mm2

v<0.5*c,max;v<kc CheckforShear OK

CheckforDeflection
RefIS4562000Cl23.2.1,Cl24.1

Typeof fy span d pt req. pt prov. pc MFt MFc


slab N/mm2 mm mm % % % Fig. 4 Fig.5
Simply supported 500 3310 115 0.289 0.455 0.455 1.66 1.14

l/d l/d Result


prov Cl 23.2.1 Cl 23.2.1
28.78 37.73 OK

LoadfromSlabonbeams

Loadonbeamalongshortspan= 9.2 kN/m Loadonbeamalonglongspan= 12.4 kN/m

Page 76
DesignofBeam: BI Location: TopofTank TOC: 205.000

Beamwillbedesignedas Continuous beam LoadFactor= 1.50

Assumedsize(mm) Width= 300 Depth= 450 Span(m)= 4.08

SelfweightkN/m= 3.38 LoadfromSlabs=UDLfromS1(LongSide)*2=11.30*2


ImposedLoadkN/m= DL 22.61 KN/m
ImposedLoadkN/m= LL 20.00 Addl.ImposedLoad=BrickwallofPanelRoom=.25*20*4
Totalload= 45.98

MomentcoeffHogging 12 MomentHogging 63.79


MomentcoeffSagging 10 MomentSagging 76.55

Calculatingmoments&shearforceduetoconcloads&udlinsimplysupportedbeam
Calculatedmomentsaredistributed(hogging&sagging)togetaddlmomentsduetoconcloads

Concloadfrombeam,distfromR1 zeroSF Max M(addl) M(addl)


R1 R2 V(addl)
end,load fromR1 moment Hogging Sagging

0.0 0.0 0.0 93.8 93.8 2.04 95.7 0.0 0.0 0.0
0.0 0.0 0.0

Additionalmoment,ifany Hogging 0.00 Sagging 0.00

TotalmomentHogging 63.79
TotalmomentSagging 76.55

fck= 30 fy= 500 m= 9.33 Es= 2.E+05 N/mm2

c c' d w s cr
45 8 49 401 0.2 150 85.59

Areaofsteelcalculationbylimitstatedesignmethod
RefSP16andIS4562000ClG1.1&G1.2forsectionswithorwithoutcompressionreinforcement

LimitingmomentofresistancekNm= 192.48

2
Minreinforcementmm = 205 Maxreinforcementmm2= 5400

2
M Mu SR/DR Mu/bd d'/d %&Ast(required)
Hoggingmoment 63.79 95.68 SR 1.983 0.497 598
Saggingmoment 76.55 114.82 SR 2.380 0.609 733

Astand%(provided)
Hoggingmoment 000+320 942 0.783 0.00783
Saggingmoment 320+216 1345 1.118 0.01118

Page 77
Checkingforlimitingstateofserviceability
RefIS4562000AppendixFandIS33702009(Part2)AppendixB

M x z fs 1 2 m w
Hoggingmoment 63.79 126.79 358.74 188.67 0.0011 0.0002 0.0009 0.1867
Saggingmoment 76.55 146.03 352.32 161.58 0.0010 0.0001 0.0008 0.1679

M x fs As fc c
Hoggingmoment 63.79 126.79 188.67 942 9.35 13.50
Saggingmoment 76.55 146.03 161.58 1345 9.92 13.50

CheckforShear

Additionalshearforce,ifany 0.00

DesignShear(kN)= 93.81 Factoredshearforce(kN)= 140.71

%ofreinforcement= 0.783

2
Shearstress(N/mm )= 1.170 Permissibleshearstress= 0.600
RefIS456:2000Table19

Maxshearstress= 3.500
RefIS4562000Table20Cl40.2.3

SheartoberesistedbyreinfVus(kN)= 68.53 Shearreinforcementtobedesigned

Designofshearreinf.verticalstirrupsbylimitstatemethodofdesign
RefSP161980Table62&IS4562000,Cl40.4a

2
Valueoffyfordesignofshearstirrups= 415 N/mm

stirrup Vus/d Vus/d


stirrupdia no.ofstirrup
spacing kN/mm kN/mm
mm legs
mm provided required
8 2 100 0.363 0.171

Minimumshearreinforcementintheformofstirrups
RefIS456:2000Cl26.5.1.6

stirrup Provide
stirrupdia no.ofstirrup Max
spacing spacing
mm legs spacingmm
mm mm
300

Page 78
CheckforDeflection
RefIS4562000Cl23.2.1,Cl24.1

Typeof fy span d pt req. pt prov. pc MFt MFc


beam N/mm2 mm mm % % % Fig. 4 Fig.5
Continuous 500 4080 401 0.609 1.118 0.783 1.31 1.18

l/d l/d Result


prov Cl 23.2.1 Cl 23.2.1
10.17 40.19 OK

Loadfrombeamoncolumns

ShearatendR1= 93.8 kN ShearatendR2= 93.8 kN

Hoggingmoment= 63.8 kNm

Page 79
DesignofBeam: BII Location: RoofSlabofPanelRoom TOC: 209.300

Beamwillbedesignedas Continuous beam LoadFactor= 1.50

Assumedsize(mm) Width= 300 Depth= 525 Span(m)= 6.23

SelfweightkN/m= 3.94 LoadfromSlabs=UDLfromS2(LongSide)*2=12.94*2


ImposedLoadkN/m= DL 25.89 KN/m
ImposedLoadkN/m= LL 0.00
Totalload= 29.82

MomentcoeffHogging 12 MomentHogging 96.46


MomentcoeffSagging 10 MomentSagging 115.75

Calculatingmoments&shearforceduetoconcloads&udlinsimplysupportedbeam
Calculatedmomentsaredistributed(hogging&sagging)togetaddlmomentsduetoconcloads

Concloadfrombeam,distfromR1 zeroSF Max M(addl) M(addl)


R1 R2 V(addl)
end,load fromR1 moment Hogging Sagging

0.0 0.0 0.0 92.9 92.9 3.12 144.7 0.0 0.0 0.0
0.0 0.0 0.0

Additionalmoment,ifany Hogging 0.00 Sagging 0.00

TotalmomentHogging 96.46
TotalmomentSagging 115.75

fck= 30 fy= 500 m= 9.33 Es= 2.E+05 N/mm2

c c' d w s cr
45 20 55 470 0.2 150 83.01

Areaofsteelcalculationbylimitstatedesignmethod
RefSP16andIS4562000ClG1.1&G1.2forsectionswithorwithoutcompressionreinforcement

LimitingmomentofresistancekNm= 264.42

2
Minreinforcementmm = 240 Maxreinforcementmm2= 6300

2
M Mu SR/DR Mu/bd d'/d %&Ast(required)
Hoggingmoment 96.46 144.69 SR 2.183 0.553 780
Saggingmoment 115.75 173.63 SR 2.620 0.680 958

Astand%(provided)
Hoggingmoment 320+216 1345 0.954 0.00954
Saggingmoment 320+216 1345 0.954 0.00954

Page 80
Checkingforlimitingstateofserviceability
RefIS4562000AppendixFandIS33702009(Part2)AppendixB

M x z fs 1 2 m w
Hoggingmoment 96.46 160.81 416.40 172.29 0.0010 0.0002 0.0009 0.1762
Saggingmoment 115.75 160.81 416.40 206.74 0.0012 0.0002 0.0011 0.2180

M x fs As fc c
Hoggingmoment 96.46 160.81 172.29 1345 9.60 13.50
Saggingmoment 115.75 160.81 206.74 1345 11.52 13.50

CheckforShear

Additionalshearforce,ifany 0.00

DesignShear(kN)= 92.90 Factoredshearforce(kN)= 139.35

%ofreinforcement= 0.954

2
Shearstress(N/mm )= 0.988 Permissibleshearstress= 0.640
RefIS456:2000Table19

Maxshearstress= 3.500
RefIS4562000Table20Cl40.2.3

SheartoberesistedbyreinfVus(kN)= 49.11 Shearreinforcementtobedesigned

Designofshearreinf.verticalstirrupsbylimitstatemethodofdesign
RefSP161980Table62&IS4562000,Cl40.4a

2
Valueoffyfordesignofshearstirrups= 415 N/mm

stirrup Vus/d Vus/d


stirrupdia no.ofstirrup
spacing kN/mm kN/mm
mm legs
mm provided required
8 2 100 0.363 0.104

Minimumshearreinforcementintheformofstirrups
RefIS456:2000Cl26.5.1.6

stirrup Provide
stirrupdia no.ofstirrup Max
spacing spacing
mm legs spacingmm
mm mm
300

Page 81
CheckforDeflection
RefIS4562000Cl23.2.1,Cl24.1

Typeof fy span d pt req. pt prov. pc MFt MFc


beam N/mm2 mm mm % % % Fig. 4 Fig.5
Continuous 500 6230 470 0.680 0.954 0.954 1.14 1.24

l/d l/d Result


prov Cl 23.2.1 Cl 23.2.1
13.26 36.75 OK

Loadfrombeamoncolumns

ShearatendR1= 92.9 kN ShearatendR2= 92.9 kN

Hoggingmoment= 96.5 kNm

Page 82
DesignofBeam: BIII Location: RoofSlabofPanelRoom TOC: 209.300

Beamwillbedesignedas Continuous beam LoadFactor= 1.50

Assumedsize(mm) Width= 300 Depth= 450 Span(m)= 3.31

SelfweightkN/m= 3.38 LoadfromSlabs=UDLfromS2(ShortSide)*2=12.53*2


ImposedLoadkN/m= DL 25.07 KN/m
ImposedLoadkN/m= LL 0.00
Totalload= 28.44

MomentcoeffHogging 12 MomentHogging 25.97


MomentcoeffSagging 10 MomentSagging 31.16

Calculatingmoments&shearforceduetoconcloads&udlinsimplysupportedbeam
Calculatedmomentsaredistributed(hogging&sagging)togetaddlmomentsduetoconcloads

Concloadfrombeam,distfromR1 zeroSF Max M(addl) M(addl)


R1 R2 V(addl)
end,load fromR1 moment Hogging Sagging

0.0 0.0 0.0 47.1 47.1 1.66 39.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
0.0 0.0 0.0

Additionalmoment,ifany Hogging 0.00 Sagging 0.00

TotalmomentHogging 25.97
TotalmomentSagging 31.16

fck= 30 fy= 500 m= 9.33 Es= 2.E+05 N/mm2

c c' d w s cr
45 16 53 397 0.2 150 83.84

Areaofsteelcalculationbylimitstatedesignmethod
RefSP16andIS4562000ClG1.1&G1.2forsectionswithorwithoutcompressionreinforcement

LimitingmomentofresistancekNm= 188.66

2
Minreinforcementmm = 202 Maxreinforcementmm2= 5400

2
M Mu SR/DR Mu/bd d'/d %&Ast(required)
Hoggingmoment 25.97 38.95 SR 0.824 0.196 233
Saggingmoment 31.16 46.74 SR 0.989 0.237 282

Astand%(provided)
Hoggingmoment 000+216 402 0.338 0.00338
Saggingmoment 000+316 603 0.506 0.00506

Page 83
Checkingforlimitingstateofserviceability
RefIS4562000AppendixFandIS33702009(Part2)AppendixB

M x z fs 1 2 m w
Hoggingmoment 25.97 87.92 367.69 175.62 0.0010 0.0005 0.0005 0.1038
Saggingmoment 31.16 104.72 362.09 142.67 0.0008 0.0003 0.0005 0.1036

M x fs As fc c
Hoggingmoment 25.97 87.92 175.62 402 5.35 13.50
Saggingmoment 31.16 104.72 142.67 603 5.48 13.50

CheckforShear

Additionalshearforce,ifany 0.00

DesignShear(kN)= 47.07 Factoredshearforce(kN)= 70.61

%ofreinforcement= 0.338

2
Shearstress(N/mm )= 0.593 Permissibleshearstress= 0.420
RefIS456:2000Table19

Maxshearstress= 3.500
RefIS4562000Table20Cl40.2.3

SheartoberesistedbyreinfVus(kN)= 20.58 Shearreinforcementtobedesigned

Designofshearreinf.verticalstirrupsbylimitstatemethodofdesign
RefSP161980Table62&IS4562000,Cl40.4a

2
Valueoffyfordesignofshearstirrups= 415 N/mm

stirrup Vus/d Vus/d


stirrupdia no.ofstirrup
spacing kN/mm kN/mm
mm legs
mm provided required
8 2 100 0.363 0.052

Minimumshearreinforcementintheformofstirrups
RefIS456:2000Cl26.5.1.6

stirrup Provide
stirrupdia no.ofstirrup Max
spacing spacing
mm legs spacingmm
mm mm
298

Page 84
CheckforDeflection
RefIS4562000Cl23.2.1,Cl24.1

Typeof fy span d pt req. pt prov. pc MFt MFc


beam N/mm2 mm mm % % % Fig. 4 Fig.5
Continuous 500 3310 397 0.237 0.506 0.338 2.00 1.10

l/d l/d Result


prov Cl 23.2.1 Cl 23.2.1
8.34 57.27 OK

Loadfrombeamoncolumns

ShearatendR1= 47.1 kN ShearatendR2= 47.1 kN

Hoggingmoment= 26.0 kNm

Page 85
Project: CLEARWATERRESERVOIRATKALINDIKUNJ CalculatingloadonColumns

Column CI UnsupportedLength= 6.85 Location TANK

Length Length
Loadfrom Direction Sign Load/m Length Load Moment
taken taken
Wall
Wall
Wall
Wall
Wall
Wall
Beam XX BI Plus 93.81 63.79
Beam XX BI Minus 93.81 63.79
Beam YY BI Plus 93.81 63.79
Beam YY BI Minus 93.81 63.79
Beam
Beam
Col Ftgs Addlloadand 10.00 YY
%ageofmomentstobetakenin Muy= 50 25 moments 10.00 XX
designofcols&footings Mux= 50 25 Totalloadand 10.00 YY
375.22
Pu= 562.84 Muy= 7.50 Mux= 7.50 moments 10.00 XX

Column CII UnsupportedLength= 4.30 Location PANELROOM

Length Length
Loadfrom Direction Sign Load/m Length Load Moment
taken taken
Wall
Wall
Wall
Wall
Wall
Wall
Beam XX BIII Plus 47.07 25.97
Beam XX BIII Minus 47.07 25.97
Beam YY BII Plus 92.90 96.46
Beam
Beam
Beam
Col Ftgs Addlloadand YY
%ageofmomentstobetakenin Muy= 50 25 moments XX
designofcols&footings Mux= 50 25 Totalloadand 96.46 YY
187.04
Pu= 280.56 Muy= 72.35 Mux= 0.00 moments 0.00 XX

Page 86
Project: CLEARWATERRESERVOIRATKALINDIKUNJ

SummaryofLoadonColumnsDesignofColumns

Unsuppor
Effective
TSC20 Column Location ted Pu Muy Mux Group
Length
Length
CI TANK 6.85 8.22 562.84 7.50 7.50 C1
CII PANELROOM 4.30 5.16 280.56 72.35 C2













SummaryofLoadonColumnsDesignofFootings
Column Location Group P My Mx FGroup
CI TANK C1 375.22 1.88 1.88 F1

Page 87
Name of the Project: CLEAR WATER RESERVOIR AT KALSub-project: TANK

Seismic Zone: 4 Exposure conditions: 2

Grade of concrete: 30 3 Fire resistance: 1 hrs

Grade of steel: 500 2 Nominal size of aggregate: 20 mm


Transverse Reinf

Dia Nos Dia Nos


NOLegs NOTies

2 - X Final group C1 Dia 8


1
20 - Col No. C-I Spacing 150 mm

1 - Y Unsupp Len 6.85 m Location 2


2
16 - Eff Length X 8.22 m Exposed 1
Nos Dia Nos Dia Eff Length Y 8.22 m
2 20 1 16 Layer X1 Dim X-X 450 mm
Layer Y1

Layer Y2

- - - - Layer X2 Dim Y-Y 450 mm


Cover 45 mm
NOLegs NOTies Factored Axial Force Pu 562.8 KN
2 1 Factored Moments Muy 7.5 KN-m
Factored Moments Mux 7.5 KN-m
IS Yr Clause Check for Results
456 00 21.2 Min Dimension (Fire) More than = 150 mm Given = 450 OK
13920 93 7.1.2 Min Dimension More than = 300 mm OK
13920 93 7.1.3 Ratio B / D More than = 0.4 Given = 1.00 OK
456 00 Table 16 / 16A Cover More than = 40 mm Given = 45 OK
456 00 25.3.1 Unsupported length Less than = 27.0 m Given = 6.9 OK
456 00 26.5.3.1 (a) Longitudinal reif More than = 1,620 mm2 Given = 2,062 OK
2
456 00 26.5.3.1 (a) Longitudinal reif Less than = 8,100 mm Given = 2,062 OK
456 00 26.5.3.1 (g) Spacing Long reinf Less than = 300 mm Given = 162.0 OK
13920, 456 7.3.2, 26.5.3.2(b)(1)(2) NOLegs+NOTies Y Equal to = 3 Given = 3 OK
13920, 456 7.3.2, 26.5.3.2(b)(1)(2) NOTies Y Equal to = 1 Given = 1 OK
456 00 26.5.3.2(b)(2) Provision of Ties 2 x c/c spa < 384 Given = 324 OK
13920, 456 7.3.2, 26.5.3.2(b)(1)(2) NOLegs+NOTies Z Equal to = 3 Given = 3 OK
13920, 456 7.3.2, 26.5.3.2(b)(1)(2) NOTies Z Equal to = 1 Given = 1 OK
456 00 26.5.3.2(b)(2) Provision of ties 2 x c/c spa < 384 Given = 324 OK
13920 93 7.4.8 Dia confining reinf More than = NA mm Given = NA NA
13920 93 7.4.6 Spacing (con.. Reinf) Less than = NA mm Given = NA NA
13920 93 7.4.1 Distance -do- More than = NA mm NA
13920, 456 7.3.3, 26.5.3.2 (c) (1) Spacing hoops Less than = 225 mm Given = 150 OK
NOTES ON LOAD ON COLUMN

Page 88
Name of the Project: CLEAR WATER RESERVOIR AT KAL Sub-project: TANK

F Group C1

Col No. C-I

20 16 20 830 63.0

16 16 402 225.0
20 16 20 830 387.0

830 402 830 1.0


63.0 225.0 387.0 mm
1 TO 4 = 20 DIA BARS 5 TO 6, 7 TO 8 = 16 DIA BARS

Factored Axial Force Pu 562.8 KN Sort by 5


Delete row 21
About Z About Y Checked for
Effective Lengh 8.2 8.2 m Pu Muz Muy IR
Initial Factored Moments 7.5 7.5 KN-m 562.837 7.5 7.5 0.48

Minimum eccentricity 31 31 mm
Permitted eccentricity 23 23 mm
Moment due to e min 17.4 17.4 KN-m
Design Moments 17.4 17.4 KN-m
Slenderness ratio 18 18
Additional Moments 42.3 42.3 KN-m

Pb 1250.6 1250.6 KN
Puz 3479.2 3479.2 KN
Modification factor k 1.00 1.00
Total design moments Mu 59.7 59.7 KN-m

Mu1 245.8 245.8 KN-m


Mu/Mu1 0.24 0.24
Pu/Puz 0.16
Alpha 1.00
Alpha
(Mu/Mu1) 0.24 + 0.24 = 0.48
The Design is OK

Page 89
Name of the Project: CLEAR WATER RESERVOIR AT KALSub-project: PANEL ROOM

Seismic Zone: 4 Exposure conditions: 2

Grade of concrete: 30 3 Fire resistance: 1 hrs

Grade of steel: 500 2 Nominal size of aggregate: 20 mm


Transverse Reinf

Dia Nos Dia Nos


NOLegs NOTies

2 - X Final group C2 Dia 8

16 - Col No. C-II Spacing 150 mm

- Y Unsupp Len 4.30 m Location 2


2
- Eff Length X 5.16 m Exposed 1
Nos Dia Nos Dia Eff Length Y 5.16 m
2 16 1 16 Layer X1 Dim X-X 450 mm
Layer Y1

Layer Y2

- - - - Layer X2 Dim Y-Y 300 mm


Cover 45 mm
NOLegs NOTies Factored Axial Force Pu 280.6 KN
2 1 Factored Moments Muy 72.346 KN-m
Factored Moments Mux 0 KN-m
IS Yr Clause Check for Results
456 00 21.2 Min Dimension (Fire) More than = 150 mm Given = 300 OK
13920 93 7.1.2 Min Dimension More than = 300 mm OK
13920 93 7.1.3 Ratio B / D More than = 0.4 Given = 0.67 OK
456 00 Table 16 / 16A Cover More than = 40 mm Given = 45 OK
456 00 25.3.1 Unsupported length Less than = 18.0 m Given = 4.3 OK
456 00 26.5.3.1 (a) Longitudinal reif More than = 1,080 mm2 Given = 1,206 OK
2
456 00 26.5.3.1 (a) Longitudinal reif Less than = 5,400 mm Given = 1,206 OK
456 00 26.5.3.1 (g) Spacing Long reinf Less than = 300 mm Given = 164.0 OK
13920, 456 7.3.2, 26.5.3.2(b)(1)(2) NOLegs+NOTies Y Equal to = 3 Given = 3 OK
13920, 456 7.3.2, 26.5.3.2(b)(1)(2) NOTies Y Equal to = 1 Given = 1 OK
456 00 26.5.3.2(b)(2) Provision of Ties 2 x c/c spa < 384 Given = 328 OK
13920, 456 7.3.2, 26.5.3.2(b)(1)(2) NOLegs+NOTies Z Equal to = 2 Given = 2 OK
13920, 456 7.3.2, 26.5.3.2(b)(1)(2) NOTies Z Equal to = NA Given = NA NA
456 00 26.5.3.2(b)(2) Provision of ties NA NA Given = NA NA
13920 93 7.4.8 Dia confining reinf More than = NA mm Given = NA NA
13920 93 7.4.6 Spacing (con.. Reinf) Less than = NA mm Given = NA NA
13920 93 7.4.1 Distance -do- More than = NA mm NA
13920, 456 7.3.3, 26.5.3.2 (c) (1) Spacing hoops Less than = 150 mm Given = 150 OK
NOTES ON LOAD ON COLUMN

Page 90
Name of the Project: CLEAR WATER RESERVOIR AT KAL Sub-project: PANEL ROOM

F Group C2

Col No. C-II

16 16 16 603 61.0

16 16 16 603 239.0

402 402 402 0.9


61.0 225.0 389.0 mm
1 TO 4 = 20 DIA BARS 5 TO 6, 7 TO 8 = 16 DIA BARS

Factored Axial Force Pu 280.6 KN Sort by 5


Delete row 21
About Z About Y Checked for
Effective Lengh 5.2 5.2 m Pu Muz Muy IR
Initial Factored Moments 72.3 0.0 KN-m 280.563 72.3 0.0 0.68

Minimum eccentricity 25 20 mm
Permitted eccentricity 23 15 mm
Moment due to e min 7.0 5.6 KN-m
Design Moments 72.3 5.6 KN-m
Slenderness ratio 11 17
Additional Moments 0.0 12.5 KN-m

Pb 842.1 749.4 KN
Puz 2258.5 2258.5 KN
Modification factor k 1.00 1.00
Total design moments Mu 72.3 18.1 KN-m

Mu1 145.2 98.5 KN-m


Mu/Mu1 0.50 0.18
Pu/Puz 0.12
Alpha 1.00
Alpha
(Mu/Mu1) 0.50 + 0.18 = 0.68
The Design is OK

Page 91
DESIGN OF BI-AXIAL ISOLATED RCC FOOTING (IS 456, 2000)
Project : CLEAR WATER RESERVOIR AT KALINDIKUNJ
2
Location : Column C-I TANK fck = 30 N/mm
2
Footing Number: F-I fy = 500 N/mm
2
Final group: F1 Net SBC = 79.2 KN/m
COLUMN
X-X (l, dim. || X axis ) = 450 mm
Y-Y (b, dim. || Y axis) = 450 mm

LOADS (WORKING)
Unfactored Loads
Axial load from output (Pu) = 375.22 KN
Moment about X axis (Mx)= 1.88 KN-m
Moment about Y axis (My)= 1.88 KN-m

FOOTING
Foot X-X (L, dim. || X axis) = 2.4 m
Foot Y-Y (B, dim. || Y axis) = 2.4 m
Thickness of footing (D) = 300 mm global
Y
Thickness of footing at edge(t) = 300 mm Y-Y = 2.4 m l
Clear cover of footing = 50 mm
Default bar dia of footing = 10 mm
Effective depth of footing (d)= 245 mm global
Effective thickness at edge(ti) = 245 mm b X
Selfweight of the footing = 43.20 KN l
Area of Footing(A) = 5.76 m2
Sect mod of foot about X axis (Zx) = 2.30 m3 X-X = 2.4 m
3
Sec mod of foot about Y axis (Zy) = 2.30 m

CHECK FOR BEARING PRESSURE Footing Dimensions

P = (P1+foot self wt) = 418.42 KN


2
Maximum bearing pressure = 74.27 KN/m
Minimum bearing pressure = 71.02 KN/m2
Safe net bearing pressure = 79.20 KN/m2
Hence footing is Safe
For EQ load increasing SBC by 25%
DESIGN FORCES

Load Factor = 1.5 KN


Axial load:(Pu)= 562.8 KN
Moment about X axis (Mux)= 2.8 KN-m
Moment about Y axis (Muy)= KN-m
2.8
2
Factored effective soil pressure pe = 100.16 KN/m
Max. Factored effective soil pressure pe max = 100.16 ( Pu/Area+ Mux/Zx + Muy/Zy)
Design of footing is done using above maximum effective upward soil pressure

CALCULATION FOR BOTTOM STEEL


2
Mu about Y Y = ( pe max x length /2)= 114.25 KN-m
Mulimit = 239.55 KN-m per meter
The section is singly reinforced

Mean depth parallel to Y Y = {b*d+[(B-b)*(d+ti)/2]/B} = 245.0 mm


2
Hence, Ast 1107.3 mm
2
Min Ast = 705.6 mm (0.12 % for slab, cl 26.5.2.1)
Dia = 10 Spacing required = 170 mm (considering max of above two calculated values of Ast)
Spacing provided = 150 mm pt provided = 0.214 %
Hence provide 10 mm dia bar @ 150 mm c/c parellel to length of footing ( || to X)

Mu about X X = ( pe max x length2/2)= 114.25 KN-m The section is singly reinforced


Mean depth parallel to X X = {l*d+[(L-l)*(d+ti)/2]/L} = 245.0 mm
2
Calc. Ast = 1107.3 mm
2
Min Ast = 705.6 mm (0.12 % for slab, cl 26.5.2.1)
Dia = 10 Spacing required = 170 mm (considering max of above two calculated values of Ast)
Spacing provided = 150 mm pt provided = 0.214 %

Page 92
Hence provide 10 mm dia bar @ 150 mm c/c parellel to breadth of footing ( || to Y)

CHECK FOR ONE WAY SHEAR :


One way shear at effective depth from col face to Y-Y.
Effective depth at critical section(dc) = d-{(d-t)/0.5(L-l)}d 245.0 mm
Distance of critical sec. from edge of footing (L1) =(L/2-l/2)-d = 0.73 m
Width of footing at this section at the top of footing =B-2*B1 = 0.94 m
Shear force Vs =pe max x 0.73 x w width of foo footing = 175.474 KN
Percentage at critical section = 0.21 %
2
Shear strestv = Vs/resisting area = 0.298 N/mm
2
tc = 0.34 N/mm
tv < tc hence O.K.
One way shear at effective depth from col face to X-X.
Effective depth at critical section(dc) = d-{(d-t)/0.5(B-b)}d 245.0 mm
Distance of critical sec. from edge of footing (B1)=(B/2-b/2)-d = 0.73 m
Width of footing at this section at the top of footing =L-2*L1 = 0.94 m
Shear force Vs =pe max x 0.73 x width of footing = 175.47 KN
Percentage at critical section = 0.21 %
2
Shear strestv = Vs/resting area= 0.298 N/mm
2
tc = 0.34 N/mm
tv < tc hence O.K.

CHECK FOR TWO WAY SHEAR


Two way shear at d/2 from col face
Allowable shear stress tv allowable= kstc
ks = ( 0.5 + bc) = 1.5 >1
Hence, ks= 1
2
tc = 0.25 (fck)0.5 = 1.36930639 N/mm
2
tv allowable = ks x c = 1.36930639 N/mm
Effective depth at critical section(dc) = d-{(d-t)/0.5(L-b)}0.5d 245.00 mm
Width at critical sections =(l+d),(b+d)= 695 mm 695 mm
Shear force Vs = 100.156 ( 2.4 x 2.4 - 0.695 x 0.695) = 528.52 KN
Length of critical section = 2 x ( 695 + 695) = 2780 mm
2
Area of the critical section (length of critical sec x eff. d ) = 681100 mm
2
Hence shear stress v 0.776 N/mm
tv < allowable hence O.K.

Area requirement for 1 column = 5.76 sqm


Area requirement for 8 column = 46.08 sqm
Area available = 62.7 sqm Hence OK

Page 93