You are on page 1of 158

Countries INDC Topline Goals

N
Centr

S
Countries that
mentioned the
categories in this
sample. (Not
Comprehensive only
73 countries analyzed
in the section)
INDC Evaluation By
Climate Action
Tracker Conditional
Inadequate,
Medium, Sufficient

North America
Central/South America
Africa
Europe
Middle East
Asia
South Pacific

18 55
Source
Material
Renewable Energy Target INDC
Submissions

67
Countries Codes & Standards

Established stringent coalfired


electricity standards that ban the
Canada construction of traditional coal-fired
electricity generation
units.

Energy Policy Act and the Energy


United States
Independence and Security Act.
Barbados Not Specified In INDC

Belize Not Specified In INDC


Bolivia Not Specified In INDC

Brazil Not Specified In INDC


Colombia Not Specified In INDC

National Climate Change Strategy


and supervising the definition of
technical
standards, closely coordinated with
other sectorial directions and
institutions related to
Costa Rica MINAE (Energy Department,
National Meteorological Institute,
National Forestry Finance Fund,
National Conservation Areas
System, National Forestry
Administration, among
others).
Grenada Not Specified In INDC

Guatemala Not Specified In INDC


Haiti Not Specified In INDC

Jamaica Not Specified In INDC


General Climate Change Law.
2012. National Strategy on Climate
Change, 10-20-40 years. 2013 .

Carbon tax.2014. National


Emissions and Emissions
Reductions Registry. 2014.
Mexico
Energy reform (laws and
regulations). 2014.

Ongoing process for new set of


standards and regulations.

Paraguay Not Specified In INDC


National Energy Efficiency Labelling
Standards (AirConditioning
Saint Lucia units, tubular and compact
fluorescent lamps)

Enhancement of the vehicle fleet


Uruguay through higher power efficiency
standards and lower emissions.
Algeria Not Specified In INDC

Improve the standards for


Central African
infrastructure construction.
Republic
The policy instruments under
development include a carbon tax,
desired emission reduction
outcomes (DEROs) for sectors,
Sotuh Africa
companylevel carbon budgets, as
well as regulatory standards and
controls for specifically identified
GHG pollutants and emitters.

Bosnia and
Not Specified In INDC
Herzegovinia
European Union Not Specified In INDC

UK
Russia Not Specified In INDC

Human and institutional capacity for


adoption of cleaner technology.
Capital markets that encourage
investment in decentralized
systems.

Information and intellectual property


Afghanistan rights for mitigation technologies.

Renewable energy, entry costs


support, access to capital, and
subsidies.

Environmental compliance
standards (emission and indoor).
Israel Not Specified In INDC

Jordan Not Specified In INDC


Turkey aims to use carbon credits
from international market
mechanisms to achieve its 2030
Turkey
mitigation target in a cost effective
manner and in accordance with the
relevant rules and standards.

United Arab Emirates Not Specified In INDC


An Energy Efficiency labelling
Bangladesh programme to promote sales of high
efficiency products in the market

Research and formulate greenhouse


gas emission standards for key
China
industries;
Stringent emission standards being
contemplated for thermal plants
would significantly reduce
emissions. 21 equipment and
appliances are labeled. The
programme has contributed to an
India increase of 25% to 30% in the
energy efficiency of an average
refrigerator or air-conditioner in
2014 compared to those sold in
2007. Corporate Average Fuel
Consumption standards.

Malaysia Not Specified In INDC


Promotion of compliance of energy
saving
standards for newly constructed
Japan
buildings. Promotion of compliance
of energy saving standards for
newly constructed housing

Thailand Not Specified In INDC


Viet Nam is developing and
preparing for the implementation of
Nationally
Appropriate Mitigation Actions
(NAMAs), as well as the registration
and implementation of carbon credit
projects according to the Verified
Carbon Standard (VCS) and the Gold
Standard (GS). Establish standards
on fuel consumption, and develop a
Vietnam
roadmap to remove obsolete and
energy-consuming technologies in
energy production and consumption
systems. Improve regulations and
technical standards for
infrastructure, public facilities and
housing, that are appropriate under
climate change conditions.

Australia Not Specified In INDC


Indonesia Not Specified In INDC

Countries that
mentioned the
categories in this
sample. (Not 15
Comprehensive only
38 countries analyzed
in the section)
Buildings
North America

Not Specificed in INDC

Under the Energy Policy Act and the Energy


Independence and Security Act, the United States
Department of Energy has finalized multiple
measures addressing buildings sector emissions
including energy conservation standards for
building code determination for commercial
buildings as well as a building code determination
for residential
buildings.

Central/South America
Not Specified In INDC

Adaptation strategies in management and


development planning in all coastal and marine
sectors; review and strengthen planning
legislation and building codes, especially as it
relates to coastal development.
Not Specified In INDC

Not Specified In INDC


Not Specified In INDC

Not Specified In INDC


Energy efficiency actions to reduce emissions
include retrofitting of all buildings (20%
reduction), establishment of policies for energy
efficiency building codes for all building sectors
(30% reduction) and implementation of energy
efficiency in hotels (20% reduction).

Not Specified In INDC


Not Specified In INDC

Not Specified In INDC


Not Specified In INDC

Not Specified In INDC


Energy Efficient Buildings. Climate Resilience
Measures in Critical Buildings. Draft Revised
Building Code (includes energy efficiency
measures)

Not Specified In INDC

Africa
Thermal insulation of buildings between 2021 and
2030;

Not Specified In INDC


Not Specified In INDC

Europe

mitigation scenario implies unconditional


implementation of minimal technical requirements
and sanitation activities related to increase energy
efficiency within the buildings sector, e.g.

Renovation of buildings for which also


international financial support is required in order
to increase the emission reduction amount and
develop a sustainable system, as well as and a
very slight trend of increasing the share of RES in
electricity production.

This scenario does not imply any incentives, nor


ambitious or systematic approaches and plans for
implementation of EE measures in the buildings
sector (public and residential).
Not Specified In INDC

Waiting to see if the UK submitts se


Not Specified In INDC

Middle East

Building codes, and standards on appliances and


equipment.
Specific working groups
assessed and quantified the costs and benefits of
over a hundred different abatement measures in
each of the main sectors in the economy,
including energy, transportation, buildings, and
industry

Requiring the implementation of green building


codes: by setting clear standards for construction,
materials and land based on best practices; and
requiring all new buildings in the public sector to
comply with Leadership In Energy &
Environmental Design (LEED).
Constructing new residential buildings and service
buildings as energy efficient in accordance with
the Energy Performance of Buildings Regulations.
Creating Energy Performance Certificates for new
and existing buildings so as to control energy
consumption and greenhouse gas emissions and
to reduce energy consumption per square meter.

Reducing the consumption of primary energy


sources of new and existing buildings by means of
design, technological equipment, building
materials, development of channels that promote
the use of renewable energy sources (loans, tax
reduction, etc.). Dissemination of Green Building,
passive energy, zero-energy house design in order
to minimize the energy demand and to ensure
local production of energy

Building and efficiency standards: the UAE is


comprehensively targeting
emissions from its building sector, which account
for a significant percentage
of the countrys electricity and water
consumption, through green building
regulations, efficiency standards, retrofit programs
and support structures for
energy service companies across the UAE.
Asia

Energy Efficiency measures for buildings, such as


heat insulation and cooling measures, and a
revised code on energy efficiency of new
buildings. Under the Solar roof-top program
around 14 MW of solar has been installed on the
vacant
roof-tops of Government and private buildings.
Incentivise rainwater harvesting in commercial
buildings as a form of
water and energy conservation.

Improve energy efficiency of


building and the quality of building construction,
extending buildings life
spans, intensifying energy conservation
transformation for existing buildings,
building energy-saving and low-carbon
infrastructures, promoting the
reutilization of building wastes and intensifying
the recovery and utilization
of methane from landfills. accelerate the
construction of low-carbon communities in both
urban and rural areas, promoting the construction
of green buildings and the application of
renewable energy in buildings, To promote the
share of green buildings in newly built buildings of
cities and towns reaching 50% by 2020;
The Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC)
sets minimum energy standards for new
commercial buildings. Design Guidelines for
Energy Efficient Multi-storey Residential buildings
have also been launched. recognize energy-
efficient buildings, as well as to stimulate their
large scale replication, India has developed its
own building- energy rating system GRIHA (Green
Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment), based
on 34 criteria like site planning, conservation and
efficient utilization of resources etc.

Not Specified In INDC


Energy efficiency and conservation buildings
(remodeling). Promotion of nationwide campaigns
(thorough
promotion of Cool Biz/Warm Biz, repair of local
government buildings).

Not Specified In INDC


Not Specified In INDC

South Pacific

Not Specified In INDC


Not Specified In INDC

15
Transportation
North America

Working closely with the United States towards


common North
American greenhouse gas standards for vehicles. The
Government of Canada has put in place progressively
more stringent greenhouse gas emission standards for
passenger automobiles and
light trucks as well as regulations for heavy-duty
vehicles.

Clean Air Act, the United States Department of


Transportation and the United States Environmental
Protection Agency are moving to promulgate post-
2018 fuel economy standards for heavy-duty vehicles.

Central/South America
Non-electrical energy efficiency: a 29% reduction in
non-electric energy consumption
including transport, compared to a BAU scenario in
202910.

GOB is investing in
alternative vehicles and fuels such as compressed
natural gas, liquid petroleum gas, ethanol, natural
gas, hybrid and electric and encouraging their
adoption through tax incentives.

Aim is to achieve at
least a 20%
reduction in
conventional
transportation fuel
use by 2030 and
promote energy
efficiency in the
transport sector
through appropriate
policies and
investments.
Not Specified In INDC

Further promote efficiency measures, and


improve infrastructure for transport and public
transportation in urban
areas.
Not Specified In INDC

A greater use of electric transportation, both public


and private. These measures had
a greater level of consensus in the transport and
energy sector dialogues. Public Transportation
needs to improve its fleet composition as well as its
working design. This can be accomplished
through an Integrated Public Transportation system
where routes are improved, train service
strengthened, and availability of non-motorized
transportation enhanced, etc.
Reduce its emissions in the transport sector by 20%
by 2025. In order to meet its commitment Grenada
plans to undertake several policies/actions including
introduction of biofuel blends (specifically liquefied
natural gas and diesel blend), implementation of
gasoline and diesel taxes and implementation of fuel
efficiency standards for vehicles through incentives.

Not Specified In INDC


Not Specified In INDC

Support for the expansion of energy efficiency


initiatives in the electricity and transportation sectors,
in line with sector action plans and policies currently
under development.
Transportation technologies that are resilient to the
adverse effects of climate change in particular for
roads and massive transportation.

Not Specified In INDC


Introduced a new levy to control importation of used
vehicles. Reduction of excise tax and duty for
importers of fuel efficient vehicles and alternative
energy vehicles. Escalating taxes on higher engine
capacity vehicles.

Implement BRT corridors for metropolitan public


transport. Improve cargo transport, through the
incorporation of new multimodal systems, and
increased use of railroad and inland waterway
transport.

Africa
Algerias INDC covers the 2021-2030 period. It
involves mainly the sectors of energy, industry,
transport,

Not Specified In INDC


Investment in public transport infrastructure was US$
0.5 billion in 2012, and is expected to continue
growing at 5% per year.

Electric vehicles - US$513 billion from 2010 till 2050.


Hybrid electric vehicles: 20% by 2030 - US$488
billion.

Europe

Not Specified In INDC


Not Specified In INDC

Waiting to see if the UK submitts separate INDC


Not Specified In INDC

Middle East

Transport: more efficient vehicles, clean fuels, and


alternative fuels
Public transport 20% shift from private to public
transportation. Further development of public
transport systems in major
metropolitan areas such as the construction of the Tel
Aviv metropolitan light rail; the extension of the
intercity rail system and of the Jerusalem light rail.

Introduction of the Zero Emission Electric Vehicle


(ZEV) in Jordan will be implemented in various
phases with the eventual deployment of 3000
charging stations ( on grid & off grid) by to support
10000 ZEVs by the private sector. The ZEV charging
stations will be powered by renewable energy.
Ensuring balanced utilization of transport modes in
freight and passenger transport by
reducing the share of road transport and increasing
the share of maritime and rail
transport. National Smart Transportation Systems
Strategy Document (2014- 2023) and its Action Plan
(2014-2016). Promoting alternative fuels and clean
vehicles. Realizing high speed railway projects.
Reducing fuel consumption and emissions of road
transport with National Intelligent Transport Systems
Strategy Document (2014-2023) and its Action Plan
(2014-2016). Implementing green port and green
airport projects to ensure energy efficiency.

Government strategy has focused on the


diversification of the national economy and increased
investment in other sectors, including clean energy,
advanced manufacturing industries, tourism,
information technology, transportation,
ports, freight, aviation and space technology.
Asia

15% improvement in the


efficiency of vehicles due to more efficient running.
GHG
emissions from road transport were calculated in a
relatively
disaggregated manner, by combining data on
numbers of
vehicles, distances travelled and the fuel efficiencies
of the
vehicles.

Develop a green and low-carbon transportation


system, optimizing means of transportation, properly
allocating public transport resources in cities,
giving priority to the development of public
transportation and encouraging the development and
use of low-carbon and environment-friendly means of
transport, such as new energy vehicle and vessel.
The vision of Urban Transport policies is to focus on
moving people rather than
vehicles, in which Mass Rapid Transit System (MRTS)
would play an important
role.

Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Hybrid &


Electric Vehicles in India (FAME
India) is a scheme formulated as part of the National
Electric Mobility Mission Plan
2020 (NEMMP). Vehicle Fuel Efficiency Program,
Government of India in 2014 finalized country's first
passenger vehicle fuel-efficiency standards.

Many mitigation actions are limited by the cost and


suitability of appropriate technologies. Generation
cost of renewable energy is still higher than
conventional energies while rail based mass transport
systems have high capital cost. Benefit relating to
electrification of transportation systems are also
limited by the current fuel mix used for electricity
generation which consist mainly of fossil fuels.
Other measures in transport sector (traffic flow
improvement, promotion of public transport,
modal shift to railway, comprehensive measure
for eco-friendly ship transportation, reduction of land
transportation distance by selecting nearest port,
comprehensive low-carbonization at ports,
optimization of truck transport, energy consumption
efficiency improvement of railways, energy
consumption efficiency improvement of
aviation, accelerated promotion of energy saving
ships, making vehicle transport business more eco
-friendly by eco-driving.

The Environmentally Sustainable Transport System


Plan also proposes ambitious actions to promote road-
to-rail modal shift for both freight and passenger
transport, which include
extensions of mass rapid transit lines, construction of
double-track railways and improvement of bus transit
in the Bangkok Metro areas. A vehicle tax scheme
based on CO2 emission was also approved and will
become effective beginning 2016.
Encourage buses and taxis to use compressed natural
gas and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG); implement
management solutions for fuel quality, emissions
standards, and vehicle maintenance. Develop public
passenger transport, especially fast modes of transit
in large urban centres.
Restructure freight towards a reduction in the share of
road transport in exchange for an
increase in the share of transportation via rail and
inland waterways;

South Pacific

National Energy Productivity Plan with a National


Energy Productivity Target of a 40 per cent
improvement between 2015 and 2030, the
investigation of opportunities to improve the
efficiency of light and heavy vehicles, and the
enhanced management of synthetic greenhouse gas
emissions under ozone protection laws and the
Montreal Protocol.
Not Specified In INDC

26
Appliances Main Energy Efficiency Target

Economy-wide target to
Not Specified in INDC reduce our greenhouse gas emissions by
30% below 2005 levels by 2030.

Energy conservation standards for


appliances and equipment. Conservation
Not Specified in INDC
standards for a broad range of appliances
and equipment
Reducing its own emissions by
introducing concrete mitigation actions
that will see the
The Caribbean Hotel Energy Efficiency and
decarbonisation of its electricity grid,
Renewable
initiatives to improve energy efficiency
Energy Action-Advanced Program
and reduced
(CHENACT), energy efficiency measures in
emissions from its other sectors.
homes
Electrical energy efficiency: a 22%
and various LED lighting initiatives.
reduction in electricity consumption
compared to
a BAU10 scenario in 2029.

Reduction in
transmission and
distribution losses
from 12% to 7% by
2030 resulting in
electricity savings.

Expected cumulative reduction in


Not Specified In INDC
emission by enhancement of the grid
infrastructure would be
in the range of 160-
273Gg CO2e until 2030. Cumulative
reduction in
emissions from bagasse
would be 947Gg CO2 by
2030.
Energy development is a key factor in
expanding economic diversification,
producing renewable energy and
improving energy efficiency. Electric
power will become one of the generators
5 Informal translation.

For the authoritative version, please


Not Specified In INDC
refer to the Spanish version published on
the UNFCCC website. of wealth for
Bolivians through investments in
hydropower and alternative energy.

This will also increase the export


capacity of energy from renewable
sources to neighbouring countries.

In the industry sector, promote new


standards of clean technology and
Not Specified In INDC
further enhance energy efficiency
measures and low carbon infrastructure;
Increase energy efficiency in the
industrial, residential and commercial
Not Specified In INDC
sectors, fugitive emissions due to the
deceleration of oil and coal production.

Reducing energy demand and GHG


emissions (Energy efficiency &
conservation, low emissions development
pathways). Decarbonizing energy supply
Not Specified In INDC (Electricity, liquids, gases). Fuel switching
in end-uses (Buildings, transport,
industry). Enhancing Carbon sinks (Land-
use, reforestation)
Grenada plans a 30% reduction in
emissions through electricity production
by 2025 with 10% from renewables and
20% from energy efficiency measures.
Not Specified In INDC
To achieve this goal Grenada needs to
produce 20MW hours of electricity from
renewable sources at a conservative 45%
portfolio capacity factor.

Not Specified In INDC Not Specified In INDC


Not Specified In INDC Not Specified In INDC

Jamaicas intended nationally determined


contribution covers actions in the energy
sector (IPCC source category.

It includes emissions of carbon dioxide,


Not Specified In INDC methane, nitrous oxide, nitrogen oxides,
carbon monoxide, non-methane volatile
organic compounds, and sulphur dioxide.
The entire national territory of Jamaica is
covered by the scope.
Not Specified In INDC Not Specified In INDC

Not Specified In INDC Not Specified In INDC


Energy Efficient Appliances. National
Energy Efficiency Labelling Standards Energy Efficient Buildings. Energy
(AirConditioning Efficient Appliances.
units, tubular and compact fluorescent
lamps) Water Distribution and Network Efficiency

Uruguay cannot mitigate climate change


at the expense of food production, but
rather work on improving the efficiency
of the emissions per product in the
sector, the country sets forth specific
targets for beef production.

This activity accounts for 78% of


Not Specified In INDC
domestic CH4 emissions (due to enteric
fermentation) and 63% of domestic N2O
emissions (due to manure left on pasture
by grazing animals).

These targets are presented as emission


intensity per kilogram of beef
(liveweight).
Algerias mitigation strategy covers
mainly energy, forests, housing,
transport, industry and waste sectors.
Not Specified In INDC
It is based in particular on the national
programs for renewable energy and
energy efficiency.

Promotion of low-energy light bulbs


initiated by the national power company
Energie Centrafricaine (ENERCA) within the
Not Specified In INDC
framework of the energy conservation
policy, and the promotion of improved cook
stoves.
Replace an inefficient fleet of
ageing coal-fired power plants with clean
To further reduce emissions that have been
and high efficiency technology going
identified include: Energy efficient lighting;
forward.
variable speed drives and efficient motors;
In addition, programmes to increase
energy efficient appliances; solar water
efficiency and reduce
heaters; electric and hybrid electric
emissions intensity across the economy
vehicles;
are being rolled out.
Decarbonised electricity by 2050 -
solar PV; wind power; carbon capture and
estimated total of US$349 billion from
sequestration; and advanced bio-energy.
2010. CCS: 23 Mt CO2 from the coal-to-
liquid plant - US$0.45 billion.

This mitigation scenario implies


unconditional implementation of minimal
Not Specified In INDC technical requirements and sanitation
activities related to increase energy
efficiency within the buildings sector.
Not Specified In INDC Not Specified In INDC

tts separate INDC


Raising the level of energy efficiency,
reducing energy intensity of the economy
Not Specified In INDC
and increasing share of renewables in the
Russian energy balance.

Energy Production (hydropower, solar


systems, wind and biomass, commercial,
domestic:

Clean cooking, heating and power projects. clean cook stoves and fuels, and solar
energy.Energy Efficiency (households,
transport, industry, services, mining,
agriculture). Carbon finance and project
development skills.
Energy efficiency - 17% reduction in
electricity consumption
relative to BAU scenario in 2030. The
establishment of mechanisms leveraging
large scale private funding together with
public funding of energy efficiency
projects. Israel attains extremely high
levels of water reuse (85%). However to
Not Specified In INDC meet increasing water demand several
desalination plants have been
constructed. These installations are
comparatively energy efficient and
currently account for 5% of energy
consumption. Water scarcity may
necessitate the construction of additional
plants in the future.

The 2012 Energy Efficiency and


Renewable Energy Law no. 13 is also a
key enabler, providing incentives for
sustainable energy solutions as Jordan
Introducing water saving technologies such
seeks to increase renewable energy from
as low-flow toilets and showers, and
2% of overall energy in 2013 to 10 % in
efficient appliances
2020, and to improve energy efficiency
by 20 % by 2020. Conducting awareness
programs targeting local communities
and societies on energy efficiency;
Reducing emission intensity with the
implementation of National Strategy and
Action
Plan on Energy Efficiency. Increasing
Not Specified In INDC
energy efficiency in industrial
installations and providing financial
support
to energy efficiency projects.

Appliance efficiency standards: the UAE


introduced the regions first
efficiency standards for air-conditioning
units, eliminating the lowestperforming
20% of units on the market, and is
introducing efficiency
standards for refrigeration and other
appliances. Not Specified In INDC

The UAE has also


established an indoor lighting standard
that introduces energy efficient lighting
products and phases-out inefficient lighting
products in the UAE
market.
70% market share of improved biomass
Carry out energy audits to incentivise
cookstoves, reaching 20 million households
the uptake of energy efficiency and
in 2030. 40% market share of improved
conservation measures in the main
gas cookstoves. 10% market switch from
industrial sectors based on the
biomass to LPG for cooking
Bangladesh Energy Efficiency and
compared to the business as
Conservation Masterplan.
usual.

improve energy efficiency and increase


its forest carbon sinks, with a view to
efficiently mitigating greenhouse gas
emissions. China is making efforts to
Not Specified In INDC embark on a sustainable development
path that is in line with its national
circumstances and leads to multiple wins
in terms of economic development, social
progress and combating climate change.
Super Efficient Fan (that uses half as much
energy as the average fan) programme has
been launched. Further, two sets of
India has a definite plan of action for
Corporate Average Fuel Consumption
clean energy, energy efficiency in various
standards for cars have been notified, with
sectors of industries, steps to achieve
one coming into force in 2017 and the
lower emission intensity in the
second set in 2022. there has been rapid
automobile and transport sector, a major
transformation of efficient lighting in India.
thrust to non-fossil based electricity
generation and a building sector based
The sales of Compact fluorescent lamps
on energy conservation. About 144 old
(CFLs) have risen to about 37% of the total
thermal stations have been assigned
lighting requirements in 2014 from 7.8% in
mandatory targets for improving energy
2005. India has also launched an ambitious
efficiency. Coal beneficiation has been
plan to replace all incandescent lamps with
made
Light-emitting diode (LED) bulbs in the
mandatory.
next few years leading to energy savings of
upto 100 billion kilowatt hours (kWh)
annually.

Not Specified In INDC Not Specified In INDC


Japans industrial sectors, both steel
(converter steel production) and cement
(clinker production) have attained the
worlds highest level of energy efficiency,
but further improvement is planned
Not Specified In INDC
through specific policies and measures
listed in the attached documents, such as
promotion and enhancement of the
industries action plans towards a low
carbon society.

Ministry of Energy is taking a step


forward to balance three key aspects of
energy planning for Thailand: security,
economy and ecology, also taking into
account the need to address climate
Not Specified In INDC
change. Ambitious targets are defined in
the Power Development Plan (PDP), the
Alternative Energy Development Plan
(AEDP) and the Energy Efficiency Plan
(EEP).
Establish standards on fuel consumption,
and develop a roadmap to remove
Not Specified In INDC obsolete and energy-consuming
technologies in energy production and
consumption systems.

Emissions Reduction Fund supports


Australian businesses to reduce
emissions
while improving productivity. The first
auction under the Fund was held in April
2015, and
Not Specified In INDC successfully purchased over 47 million
tonnes of abatement at an average price
of
AU$13.95. Australia has additional policy
measures in place to promote the
deployment of renewable energy and
improve energy efficiency.
Not Specified In INDC Not Specified in INDC

10 26
Source Material

Link to INDC

Link to INDC
Link to INDC

Link to INDC
Link to INDC

Link to INDC
Link to INDC

Link to INDC
Link to INDC

Link to INDC
Link to INDC

Link to INDC
Link to INDC

Link to INDC
Link to INDC

Link to INDC
Link to INDC

Link to INDC
Link to INDC

Link to INDC
Link to INDC
Link to INDC

Link to INDC
Link to INDC

Link to INDC
Link to INDC

Link to INDC
Link to INDC

Link to INDC
Link to INDC

Link to INDC
Link to INDC

Link to INDC
Link to INDC

Link to INDC
Link to INDC
Countries Natural Gas Targets
North America

Canada is making meaningful progress to limit and


reduce greenhouse gas emissions in key sectors. For
example, emerging technologies and federal
regulatory action has limited emissions in the
transportation sector, despite growth in vehicle fleets
Canada
while emissions are falling in the electricity sector due
to coal phase out, switching to natural gas and growth
in non-emitting generation. reduce GHG emissions
from natural gas-fired electricity, as well
as from chemicals and nitrogen fertilizers;

Dispatch to existing and underconstruction natural


United States gas combined cycle (NGCC) units to
up to 70% capacity factor.

Central/South America
Non-electrical energy efficiency: a 29% reduction in
non-electric energy consumption including transport,
compared to a BAU scenario in 202910 . GOB is
Barbados investing in alternative vehicles and fuels such as
compressed natural gas, liquid petroleum gas,
ethanol, natural gas, hybrid and electric and
encouraging their adoption through tax incentives.

Belize Not Specificed in INDC


Bolivia Not Specificed in INDC

Brazil Not Specificed in INDC


Cuba Not Specificed in INDC

Colombia Not Specificed in INDC


Costa Rica Not Specificed in INDC

Ecuador Not Specificed in INDC


Grenada plans to reduce its emissions in the transport
sector by 20% by 2025. In order to meet its
commitment Grenada plans to undertake several
policies/actions including introduction of biofuel
Grenada
blends (specifically liquefied natural gas and diesel
blend), implementation of gasoline and diesel taxes
and implementation of fuel efficiency standards for
vehicles through incentives.

Guatemala Not Specificed in INDC


Haiti Not Specificed in INDC

Jamaica Not Specificed in INDC


Fugitive emissions from fuels. Solid fuels. Oil and
Mexico natural gas and other emissions from energy
production. CO2 transport and storage

Paraguay Not Specificed in INDC


Saint Lucia Not Specificed in INDC

With the objective of reducing this national


vulnerability in terms of electricity generation against
drought, have been built power plants, generating a
reduction of 4.38% of the dependence of energy
production through large hydroelectric, with respect to
the energy matrix of the year 2010. On the other
Venezuela hand, began the substitution of technology for
thermoelectric power generation based on liquid fuels
(diesel and fuel-oil) for natural gas in generating
plants in the country, combined cycle technologies
registering date 6.92% increase in generation with
gas turbine with respect to the 2010 national energy
matrix.
Uruguay Not Specificed in INDC

Africa

Increase the share of liquefied petroleum and natural


gas in the consumption of
Algeria
fuels between 2021 and 2030;
Oil and Natural Gas Production and processing Venting
Egypt and flaring (waste heat)

Nigeria Not Specificed in INDC


Libya Natural Gas Resources but no INDC sumbitted

Equitorial Guinea Not Specificed in INDC


A policy known as Master Plan for Natural Gas (2014
Mozambique
to 2030);

Natural Gas Policy (2013); he Natural Gas Act (2015);


Beyond enhancing carbon sinks through forest
conservation,
afforestation and reforestation, the country is
embarking on enhanced use of natural gas with 53.28
trillion cubic feet discovered reserves of which to-date
Tanzania
over 100 million cubic feet are exploited to produce
501 MW. Expanding the use of natural gas for power
production, cooking,
transport and thermal services through improvement
of natural gas
supply systems throughout the country.
Angola Not Specificed in INDC

(roughly translated) The compsition of the electricity


mix 26% coal, 32% natural gas combined cycle, 26%
Ivory Coast hydroelectricity, 16% other energies from renewable
sources, either a cumulation of 42% of renewabled in
the mix by 2030.
Gabon Not Specificed in INDC

Morocco Not Specificed in INDC


Tunisia Not Specificed in INDC

South Africa Not Specificed in INDC

Europe
Bosnia and Fugitive emissions from fuels - Solid fuels - Oil and
Herzegovinia natural gas

Russia Not Specificed in INDC

UK Waiting for Separate Submission


Oil and natural gas and other emissions from energy
European Union
production

Middle East

Power plants: fuel shift to natural gas and renewables.


Afghanistan
This level of unconditional emission reduction will be
achieved through development of combined cycle
power plants, renewable energies and nuclear power,
as well as reduction of gas flare emissions, increasing
energy efficiency in various consuming sectors,
Iran substituting high-carbon fuels with natural gas,
strategic planning for utilizing low-carbon fuels,
intensifying economic diversification and participation
in market-based mechanisms at the national and
international levels. Reducing natural gas leakage in
the distribution networks;

Measures to increase the use of natural gas. The


recent discovery
of additional natural gas reserves off the coast of
Israel has and
will continue to contribute to a partial switch from coal
to natural
gas in Israel's fuel mix and which contributed to GHG
Israel
emissions
reduction between 2012 and 2015. The government is
now
working on the further development of gas fields,
expected to
have significant mitigation potential;
Total primary energy consumed in Jordan
was about 8.2 million tons of oil equivalent, 82% of
which were crude oil and oil derivatives, 11% natural
gas,
3% renewable energy and imported electricity and 4%
petroleum coke and coal. Performance Indicators
(KPIs)-
style targets for renewable energy share in the total
energy mix in 2025 as well as increasing the
Jordan
percentage of the contribution of natural gas in the
energy mix to 39%. Diversifying the sources and kinds
of energy and diversifying sources of natural gas
imports: Ensuring
7 safe and flexible gas deals in the short, medium and
long-terms and finding additional sources of
natural gas to supply industries and distribution
projects in cities (KPI-style target of 39% natural
gas in the energy mix in 2025).

Turkey Not Specificed in INDC


Utilization of gas: Encourage investments on exploring
and producing natural gas to
significantly increase its contribution to the national
Saudi Arabia
energy mix. The success on realizing the Mitigation
co-benefit ambition in this area will depend on the
success of exploring and developing natural gas.

Qatar has been contributing indirectly to the global


Qatar efforts to mitigate climate change by exporting
Liquefied Natural Gas as a clean energy.
The Emirate of Abu Dhabi has also set targets to shift
25% of government
vehicle fleets to compressed natural gas; and the
United Arab Emirates
Emirate of Dubai has invested in a multi-billion dollar
light-rail and metro
system, which will continue to add new lines.

Asia

Bangladesh Not Specificed in INDC


To expand the use of natural gas: by 2020, achieving
more than 10% share of
natural gas consumption in the primary energy
China consumption and making
efforts to reach 30 billion cubic meters of coal-bed
methane production;

India Not Specificed in INDC


Japan Not Specificed in INDC

Malaysia Not Specified In INDC


Mongolia Not Specificed in INDC

Conditional on availability of international support, as


its contribution to global action to reduce future
emissions of greenhouse gases. The document also
Myanmar presents planned and existing policies and strategies
which will provide the policy framework to implement
identified actions and prioritise future mitigation
actions
Singapore had made early policy choices to reduce its
GHG footprint by switching from fuel oil to natural gas.
Singapore Today, over 90% of electricity is generated from
natural gas. Today, over 90% of electricity is
generated from natural gas.

Energy security has long been an issue of concern


over the course of Thailand's development. In the
past, power generation in Thailand relied heavily on
crude oil imports. To remedy this, the Government
initiated a shift to natural gas in the power generation
Thailand sector as early as the 1980s.
Such effort has continued throughout the 1990s. And,
in 2005 about 72% of electricity in Thailand was
generated using natural gas, which is already a
cleaner alternative to other types
of fossil fuels.
Encourage buses and taxis to use compressed natural
gas and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG); implement
Vietnam
management solutions for fuel quality, emissions
standards, and vehicle maintenance.

South Pacific

Countries that
mentioned the
categories in this
sample. (Not 26
Comprehensive only
61 countries analyzed
in the section)
Source Material

Link to INDC

Link to INDC
Link to INDC

Link to INDC
Link to INDC

Link to INDC
Link to INDC

Link to INDC
Link to INDC

Link to INDC
Link to INDC

Link to INDC
Link to INDC

Link to INDC
Link to INDC

Link to INDC
Link to INDC

Link to INDC
Link to INDC

Link to INDC
Link to INDC

Link to INDC
Link to INDC

Link to INDC
Link to INDC

Link to INDC
Link to INDC

Link to INDC
Link to INDC

Link to INDC
Link to INDC

Link to INDC
Link to INDC

Link to INDC

Submission
Link to INDC

Link to INDC
Link to INDC

Link to INDC
Link to INDC

Link to INDC
Link to INDC

Link to INDC
Link to INDC

Link to INDC
Link to INDC

Link to INDC
Link to INDC

Link to INDC
Link to INDC

Link to INDC
Link to INDC

Link to INDC
Link to INDC
Countries
North

Canada

Egypt

Malawi

Sotuh Africa

Eu
Norway
Midd

Bahrain

United Arab Emirates

Saudi Arabia
Iran

A
Carbon Capture and Storage
North America

Canada is a leader in clean energy technologies, and has made multiple investments in such technolo
Examples include the worlds first large scale power sectorcarbon capture and storageproject in S
capture and storage project at an oil sands operation.

electricity sector regulations make Canada the first major coal user to ban the construction of tradition
These regulations will also lead to the phase-out of existing coal-fired electricity units without carbon
Africa
There are four key technology-related requirements essential for transformation:
(ii) carbon capture and storage CCS as a technology alternative that can be used in the future if pro
Support industries engaged in carbon capture and storage
[Conditional on external support in capacity building, technology development and transfer, and finan

Support component of INDC

Analysis of the incremental costs of mitigation actions indicates that significant finance and investmen
following estimates are of total incremental costs required:
3. CCS: 23 Mt CO2 from the coal-to-liquid plant - US$0.45 billion.

Some technologies that could help South Africa to further reduce emissions that have been identified
speed drives and efficient motors; energy efficient appliances; solar water heaters; electric and hybrid
carbon capture and sequestration; and advanced bio-energy.

Europe
With reference to the White Paper, the priority areas for enhanced national climate policy efforts are: C
Middle East
BAPCO Carbon Recovery Plan utilizes Waste CO rich off gas stream which is to be used for industrial applications.

Gulf Petrochemical Industries Company (GPIC) Carbon Recovery Project is able to capture CO in the flue gases o

The UAE is also developing the regions first commercial-scale network for carbon capture, usage and storage. Th
emissions at a steel manufacturing facility, which will be compressed and transported to oil fields, where it will be use
underground providing one of the first viable mechanisms to decarbonize essential energy intensive industries.

Carbon Capture and Utilization/Storage: promote and encourage actions in this area. As part of its sustainability pro
build the worlds largest carbon capture and use plant. This initiative aims to capture and purify about 1,500 tons of C
Saudi Arabia will operate on pilot testing basis, a Carbon Dioxide Enhanced Oil Recovery (CO2 - EOR) demonstra
sequestration in oil reservoirs and any other useful applications. Forty million standard cubic feet a day of CO that w
Othmaniya oil reservoir. This pilot project has comprehensive monitoring and surveillance plans. The success of this
contribute to the Kingdom's ambition in addressing climate change.

Technology cooperation will allow for the identification of appropriate technological options, which are consistent with
financial resources in order to promote enabling environment for economic diversification and technological develop
Financial and Technological Needs
Due to the significant share of energy sector in emissions (more than 90%) and consequently the high
mitigation, its major technological requirements are as follows:

Use of renewable and alternative energy resources (like nuclear power) as well as biofuels, biogas, wa
Asia
Source Material

Link to INDC

Link to INDC

Link to INDC

Link to INDC

Link to INDC

Link to INDC

Link to INDC

Link to INDC
Link to INDC