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Vol. XXIII No. 4 April 2015

i

Corporate Office : t was a very highly inspiring advice given to the teachers and students by the

plot 99, Sector 44 institutional area,

Gurgaon -122 003 (Hr). Tel : 0124-4951200 Honble prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi ji himself in a recent radio-talk.

e-mail : info@mtg.in website : www.mtg.in Many books have been written on education by very learned authors. These are

Regd. Office addressed mainly to higher level students and professors. But the difficulties

406, Taj apartment, Near Safdarjung Hospital,

of the students are not spelt out. The prime Ministers advice reaches directly

ring road, New Delhi - 110029.

the students of all levels.

Managing Editor : Mahabir Singh

Editor : anil ahlawat (BE, MBa) The first is the fear of exams which all of us have felt. To combat this, the

advice is to hold a week-long examination festival, two times a year, with

contents satirical poems on exams, cartoon contents and lectures on the psychological

effects of exams with debates to pepper the lectures.

Physics Musing (Problem Set-21) 8

Comparisons with others is wrong. Competition should be with yourself.

Thought Provoking Problems 11 Compete with yourself,

BITSAT Full Length 14 Compete for speed,

Practice Paper 2015 Compete to do more,

Compete to achieve newer heights,

JEE Advanced 31

Practice Paper 2015 Focus on doing better every-time.

The former Ukrainian pole vault champion Sergey Bubka had broken his own

Brain Map 46 record 35 times! perhaps you might have seen the film Bhaag Milkha Bhaag.

AIPMT 48 Milkha Singh, the famous champion runner was breaking his own record every

Practice Paper 2015 time. Even after winning, he runs round the track at the same speed waving

to the crowds! The final advice given by the prime Minister is valid not only to

AIIMS 57 the students but also to everyone working in any field. live in the present,

Practice Paper 2015 struggle with the present. Victory will walk alongside, Go ahead, students!

Victory is yours.

CBSE Board Class XII 66

Solved Paper 2015

Anil Ahlawat

Core Concept 80 Editor

subscribe online at www.mtg.in

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Crossword 85

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PHYSICS MUSING

P hysics Musing was started in August 2013 issue of Physics For You with the suggestion of Shri Mahabir Singh. The aim of Physics

Musing is to augment the chances of bright students preparing for JEE (Main and Advanced) / AIIMS / Other PMTs with additional

study material.

In every issue of Physics For You, 10 challenging problems are proposed in various topics of JEE (Main and Advanced) / various PMTs.

The detailed solutions of these problems will be published in next issue of Physics For You.

The readers who have solved five or more problems may send their solutions. The names of those who send atleast five correct solutions

will be published in the next issue.

We hope that our readers will enrich their problem solving skills through Physics Musing and stand in better stead while facing the

competitive exams.

By : Akhil Tewari

21

with constant angular acceleration a in a horizontal (c) u + 2 gH (d) u + 2 gH

g g

plane about a fixed vertical axis passing through

one end. The horizontal component of the net force 4. Consider the cube shaped carriage ABCDEFGH

exerted on the rod by the axis when it has rotated by of side l and a mass M and it can slide over two

an angle p/2, is frictionless rails PQ and RS. A shot of mass m is

l l thrown from corner A such that it lands at corner

(a) ma (b) ma 1 + p2

2 2 F. The angle of projection as seen from the carriage

(c) m pa l (d) none of these is 45. While the shot is in the air, the velocity of

2 carriage as seen from the ground is

2. A battery is connected between two points A and

H G

B on the circumference of a uniform conducting

l

ring of radius r and resistance R. One of the arcs AB D C

of the ring substends an angle q at the centre. The

value of the magnetic induction at the centre due to E F

the current in the ring is R

A B S

(a) proportional to 2(180 q) P Q

(b) inversely proportional to r

(c) zero, only if q = 180 m gl 2 m 2 gl

(a) (b)

(d) zero, for all values of q. 2(M + m) 2(M + m)

3. A particle is projected with a speed u in air at angle m gl m 2 gl

q with the horizontal. The particle explodes at the (c) (d)

(M + m) (M + m)

highest point of its path into two equal fragments,

one of the fragments moving up straight with a 5. A particle of mass m kept at the origin is subjected

^

speed u. The difference in time in which the two to a force F = ( pt qx) i where t is the time elapsed

particles fall on the ground is (Assume it is at a and x is the x co-ordinate of the position of the

height H at the time of explosion.) particle. Particle starts its motion at t = 0 with zero

u 2

(a) 2u (b) u 2 gH

initial velocity. If p and q are positive constants,

g g then

Page 8

(a) the acceleration of the particle will continuously 0 I 0 I

keep on increasing with time (a) (3p + 4) (b) (3p + 4)

8pR 8pR

(b) particle will execute simple harmonic motion I I

(c) the force on the particle will continuously keep (c) 0 (3p 4) (d) 0 (3p 4)

8pR 8pR

on decreasing with time

(d) the acceleration of particle will vary sinusoidally 10. Two blocks of masses 2 kg and 4 kg are connected

with time. through a massless inextensible string. The

co-efficient of friction between 2 kg block and

6. Two rods of equal lengths and equal cross-sectional

ground is 0.4 and the coefficient of friction between

areas are made of materials whose Youngs

4 kg block and ground is 0.6. Two forces F1 = 10 N

modulii are in the ratio of 2:3. They are suspended

and F2 = 20 N are applied on the blocks as shown

and loaded with the same mass. When stretched and

in the figure. Calculate the frictional force between

released, they will oscillate with time periods in the

4 kg block and ground. (Assume initially the tension

ratio of

in the string was just zero before forces F1 and F2

(a) 3 : 2 (b) 3 : 2

were applied.)

(c) 3 3 : 2 2 (d) 9 : 4

7. A thin uniform annular disc (see figure) of mass M

has outer radius 4R and inner radius 3R. The work

required to take a unit mass from point P on its axis

to infinity is

(a) 24 N (b) 8 N

(c) 18 N (d) 10 N

solution of march

2015

crossword

1 2 3

F L U I D I T Y T C

4 5

E G E O D E S I C B I O M 6A S S

7

R S T H M

8

M Y A A E A

9 10

I C E L I N E U L T R A S O N I C S L

2GM 2GM C T I G

(a) (4 2 5) (b) (4 2 5) 11

E 12

HA L L E F F E C T

13

L O A

7R 7R X I N 14

F O L I A T I O N M

15

C Y C L O N E U N

GM 2GM I E 16

S C A L A R 17

F A H R E N H E I T

(c) (d) ( 2 1) T T

18

L A

4R 5R O

19

H Y P O T H E S I S A

20

L U B

21

R I C A N T

22

N O T W W O

8. An ideal gas is expanded so that amount of heat 23

B

24

M O M E N T O F I N E R T I A M

25

A

26

R I P P L E T I V P E

given is equal to the decrease in internal energy. A

27

E U G E A R 28

P

Find the adiabatic exponent if the gas undergoes

29 30

D C P R E D S H I F T S O L

31

I K H O E T S D A

the process TV1/5 = constant. P B

32

VO L C A N O L Y S

33

C O L H E L E C T R O M A G N E T

(a) 7/5 (b) 6/5 34

B L I N D S P O T S A I

(c) 8/5 (d) None of these

35

U R Y G I N C A N D E S C E N C E M C

F C R N I I

9. The magnetic field at the point P is given by F L

36

M E A N F R E E T I M E

37

E L A S T I C T

E E P S S Y

38

R H E F F L U X S P E E D

Y

neha Gupta

Solution Senders

Sandeep Kumar rana

Atriz roy

Page 10

By : Prof. Rajinder Singh Randhawa*

1. An infinitely long conducting wire of charge 4. A non-conducting ring y

density +l and a point charge Q are at a of mass m and radius +

++

distance from each other. In which of the R, the charge per unit +

+

three regions (I, II or III) are there points that length l is shown in

(a) lie on the line passing through point charge figure. It is then placed

perpendicular to the conductor and (b) at which on a rough non-

the field is zero? conducting horizontal O x

^

+ plane. At time t = 0, a uniform electric field E = E0 i

I II III is switched on and the ring starts rolling without

sliding. Find the frictional force acting on the

Q

ring.

and radius R has uniformly distributed charge Q.

Find the electric field at point P, a distance L from

2. Two small identical balls lying on a horizontal the centre of the rod.

plane are connected by a weightless spring.

One ball (ball 2) is fixed at O and the other

(ball 1) is free. The balls are charged identically as R

a resultant of which the spring length increases O P

h = 2 times. Determine the change in frequency?

2 1 L

+ +

O

Solution

3. A point charge Q1 = 125 mC is Q2

1. In the region II, the electric field of wire and point

fixed at the centre of an insulated h charge point in the same direction, +ve x-axis. So

disc of mass 1 kg. The disc rests Q1 no point can exist where the field is zero. Now, we

on a rough horizontal plane.

take a point to the right of the point charge at a

Another charge Q2 = 125 m C is fixed vertically

distance x from it. Resultant field at this point is

above the centre of the disc at a height h = 1 m.

After the disc is displaced slightly in the horizontal ^ Q ^

ER = i+ ( i )

direction, find the time period of oscillation of 2 0 (x + a) 2

4 0 x

disc.

*Randhawa Institute of Physics, S.C.O. 208, First Fl., Sector-36D & S.C.O. 38, Second Fl., Sector-20C, Chandigarh, Ph. 09814527699

Page 11

Resultant field is zero if

1 q2

Q Fr = k ( l + x l )

= 4 0 (l + x )2

( x + a) 2 x 2

Using Newtons law,

Q Qa

or 2lx2 = Qx + Qa or x 2 x =0 2

2 2 d2 x 1 q2 x

m = 1 + kl( 1) kx

On solving the quadratic equation in x, we get dt 2 2 2

4 0 l l

Q Q 2 Qa Expanding binomially and using eqn. (i), we get

x= +

4 16 2 2 d2 x 1 2q2

m = + k x

Here, there is only one value of x (with +ve sign) dt 2 4 0 3l 3

because ve sign would mean that the point is to Using eqn. (ii), we get

the left of point charge.

1 2q2

Now we take a point to the left of wire at a distance d2 x + k

x from it. m

2

= 4 0 3 q2 x

dt

The resultant field is 2

4 0 ( 1)k

^ Q ^

ER = ( i ) + i 2( 1) 3 2

2 0 x 2 = k + k x = kx

4 0 (a + x )

The two fields point in the opposite directions, so d2 x 3 2 k

resultant field can be zero if, = x ...(iii)

dt 2 m

Q

= By definition of simple harmonic motion,

2 0 x 4 0 (a + x )2

d2 x

Q = 2 x ...(iv)

or x 2 2a x + a2 = 0 dt 2

2

From eqns. (iii) and (iv), we get

On solving the quadratic equation in x, we get

3 2 k 1 3 2 k

2 2 = =

1 Q

x = 2a

1Q

2a a2 m 2 m

2 2 4 2

3 2

If the discriminant of the quadratic equation is =

0

real, we have two points where the field is zero.

Discriminant is +ve for Q 8al. 3 2

Thus frequency is increased times.

2. When the balls are uncharged, the frequency of

oscillation is Here, h = 2 so frequency increases 2 times.

1 k 3. Let the radius of the

0 = Q2

2 m disc be R. If the disc Fcos

F

where k is the force constant of the spring and is displaced x, then h

m = mass of the oscillating ball (ball 1). q = x/R. The restoring Q1

Fsin

When the balls are identically charged, torque t about the point P

1 q2 of contact of the disc x

= k(l l ) = kl( 1) ...(i) with ground,

4 0 (l )2

tP = (Fsinq)R = Ia

where l is the natural length of spring and hl is the

new length of spring after its extension. MR2

= + MR2

q2 ... (ii) 2

or l 3 =

4 0 2 ( 1)k Q2

where, F =

When the ball 1 is displaced by a small distance 40 (h2 + x 2 )

x from the equilibrium position to the right, the x

unbalanced force to the right is given by and sin =

h + x2

2

Page 12

5. L

Q 2 xR MR2

Hence, = + MR2 R

4 0 (h2 + x 2 )3/2 2

O P

2

Q x L/2 +L/2

or = 2 2 3/2

r dr

6 0 MR(h + x ) L

2 2 Consider a disc of radius R of thickness dr at a

Q x Q R

For x < < h, = distance r from the centre O of the cylinder.

3

6 0 MRh 6 0 MRh3 Charge on the disc,

Negative sign is being introduced because angular Q Q

acceleration and angular displacement are opposite dq = R2dr = dr

2 L

R L

to each other.

Electric field due to disc along its axis

Q2

Thus, = x

6 0 Mh3 Ex = 1 2

20 (x + R2 )1/2

Hence,

Q2

Hence, =

6 0 Mh3 (Q / L)dr (L r )

dE = 1

R2 (20 ) [(L r )2 + R2 ]1/2

6 0 Mh3 h

or T = 2 2

= 2 6 0 Mh + L /2 (Q / L)dr (L r )

Q Q E = dE = 1

2 2 2 1/2

L /2 R (20 ) [(L r ) + R ]

On substituting the given values, we get

T = 0.6 s Q + L /2 + L /2 (L r )dr

E= dr

2 2 2 1/2

4. Consider a differential element subtending an angle 2 R L0 L /2 L /2 [(L r ) + R ]

dq at the centre and at angle q as shown in figure. The second integral can be evaluated by substituting

N (L r)2 + R2 = t.

+ Differentiating both sides, we get,

+

+ dF 2(L r)dr = dt

+ d

+ Q + L /2 1 dt

E= [r ] L /2 + 2 1/2

2

2 R L0 t

Q

f = [L + t ]

2 R2 L0

mg Q + L /2

E= L + [(L r )2 + R2 ]1/2 L /2

dF = lRdqE0 2 R2 L0

A force of same magnitude but in opposite direction 2

1/2 1/2

acts on a corresponding element in the region of Q L 9L2

E= 2

L+ +R +R

2

negative charge. 2

2 R L0 4 4

\ Equation of motion for pure rolling is

/2

2

2 RdE0 R sin fR = (mR )

0

or 2 R2 E0 fR = mR2 ...(i)

and f = ma ...(ii)

and a = Ra ...(iii)

Solving eqns. (i), (ii) and (iii), we get

f = lRE0 along +ve x-axis.

Page 13

EXAM from

th th

14 to 29 MAY

physics 1

g1 1

1. Suppose speed of light (c), force (F) and kinetic (a) 2 (b)

2

energy (K) are taken as the fundamental units, then 2 2

the dimensional formula for mass will be 1 1

(c) (d)

(a) [Kc2] (b) [KF2] 1 1

2

(c) [cK ] (d) [Fc2] 6. Soap water drips from a capillary. When the drop

2. A sand bag of mass M is suspended by a rope. A breaks away, the diameter of its neck is 1 mm.

bullet of mass m is fired at it with speed v and gets The mass of the drop is 0.0129 g. Find the surface

embeded in it. The loss of kinetic energy of the tension of soapy water. (Take g = 9.8 m s2)

system is (a) 12.9 103 N m1 (b) 31.2 103 N m1

M mv 2 M v2 (c) 40.3 103 N m1 (d) 58.6 103 N m1

(a) (b)

2(M + m) 2(M + m) 7. An artificial satellite is moving in a circular orbit

2 2

m v 1 around the Earth with a speed equal to half the

(c) (d) (M + m) v 2

2 (M + m) 2 magnitude of escape velocity from the Earth. The

3. A steel wire with cross-section 3 cm2 has elastic height of the satellite above the Earths surface is

limit 2.4 108 N m2. The maximum upward (Take radius of Earth = 6400 km)

acceleration that can be given to a 1200 kg elevator (a) 6000 km (b) 5800 km

supported by this cable wire if the stress is not to (c) 7500 km (d) 6400 km

exceed one-third of the elastic limit is (Take g = 10 m s2) 8. A needle placed 45 cm from a lens forms an image

(a) 12 m s2 (b) 10 m s2 on a screen placed 90 cm on the other side of the

2

(c) 8 m s (d) 7 m s2 lens. Its focal length and the size of image if the size

4. A body of density r at rest is dropped from a height of the needle is 5 cm are respectively

h into a lake of density s where s > r. Neglecting (a) 30 cm, 10 cm (b) + 30 cm, 10 cm

all dissipative forces, find the maximum depth to (c) 20 cm, 15 cm (d) + 20 cm, 15 cm

which the body sinks before returning to float on 9. In Youngs double slit experiment distance between

the surface. two sources is 0.1 mm. The distance of screen from

h h the source is 20 cm. Wavelength of light used is

(a) (b)

5460 . Then, angular position of the first dark

h h fringe is

(c) (d) (a) 0.08 (b) 0.16 (c) 0.20 (d) 0.32

5. Consider two containers A and B containing 10. When light of wavelength 400 nm is incident on

identical gases at the same pressure, volume and the cathode of a photocell, the stopping potential

temperature. The gas in container A is compressed recorded is 6 V. If the wave of the incident light

to half of its original volume isothermally while is increased to 600 nm, then the new stopping

the gas in container B is compressed to half of its potential is

original volume adiabatically. The ratio of final (a) 1.03 V (b) 2.42 V

pressure of gas in B to that of gas in A is (c) 4.97 V (d) 3.58 V

Page 14

11. Two particles A and B describe S.H.M. of same kinetic energy equals the original kinetic energy of

amplitude a and frequency u along the same the lighter particle. What is the original speed of

straight line. The maximum distance between the heavier particle ?

two particles is 3 a. The initial phase difference (a) (2 2 ) m s1 (b) 2(1 + 2 ) m s1

between the particles is

(a) 2p/3 (b) p/6 (c) p/2 (d) p/2 (c) (2 + 3 2 ) m s1 (d) 4(1 2 ) m s1

12. A racing car moving towards a cliff sounds its 18. An equilateral triangle of side length l is formed from

horn. The driver observes that the sound reflected a piece of wire of uniform resistance. The current I

from the cliff has a pitch one octave higher than is fed as shown in the figure. The magnitude of the

the actual sound of the horn. If v be the velocity of magnetic field at its centre O is

sound, the velocity of the car is Q

(a) v/ 2 (b) v/2 (c) v/3 (d) v/4

13. The rate of cooling at 600 K, if surrounding

O

temperature is 300 K is R. Assume that the Stefans

law holds. The rate of cooling at 900 K is

P R

16 2

(a) R (b) 2R (c) 3R (d) R I I

3 3

14. The ratio of specific heat of gas at constant pressure 3 0 I 3 3 0 I

to that at constant volume is g. The change in (a) (b)

internal energy of one mole of gas when volume 2 l 2 l

changes from V to 2V at constant pressure P is 0 I

(c) (d) zero

R 2 l

(a) (b) PV

( 1) 19. Two inductors L1 and L2 are connected in parallel

PV PV and a time varying current flows as shown in figure.

(c) (d) . The ratio of current I1/I2 at any time t is

( 1) 1

15. A boy throws a ball upwards with velocity

I1

u = 15 m s1. The wind imparts a horizontal L1

acceleration of 3 m s2 to the left. The angle q with I I

vertical at which the ball must be thrown so that

I2

the ball returns to the boys hand is L2

(Take g = 10 m s2) L2 L1

(a) tan1 (0.4) (b) tan1 (0.2) (a) (b)

L1 L2

(c) tan1 (0.3) (d) tan1 (0.15)

16. A thin uniform rod AB of mass M and length L L22 L21

(c) (d)

is hinged at one end A to the level floor. Initially (L1 + L2 )2 (L1 + L2 )2

it stands vertically and is allowed to fall freely to 20. An a.c. source is connected across an LCR series

the floor in the vertical plane. The angular velocity circuit with L = 100 mH, C = 0.1 mF and R = 50 W.

of the rod, when its end B strikes the floor is (g is The frequency of a.c. to make the power factor of

acceleration due to gravity) the circuit, unity is

1/2

Mg Mg 10 4 103

(a) (b)

L 3L (a) 2 Hz (b) 2 Hz

1/2

g

(c) (d) 3 g 10 4 10 3

L L (c) 2 Hz (d) 2 Hz

17. A particle of mass m has half the kinetic energy of 21. The electric field (in N C1) in an electromagnetic

another particle of mass m/2. If the speed of the wave is given by E = 50 sin w(t x/c). The energy

heavier particle is increased by 2 m s1, its new stored in a cylinder of cross-section 10 cm2 and

Page 15

length 100 cm along the x-axis will be x

(a) 5.5 1012 J (b) 1.1 1011 J (c) Ex = 33 cos p 1011 (t )

11

c

(c) 2.2 10 J (d) 3.3 1011 J x

Bx = 11 107 cos p 1011 (t )

22. In an interference experiment using waves of same c

11 x

amplitude, path difference between the waves at a (d) Ey = 66 cos 2p 10 (t )

c

point on the screen is l/4. The ratio of intensity at x

this point with that at the central bright fringe is Bz = 2.2 10 cos 2p 1011 (t )

7

c

(a) 1 (b) 0.5 (c) 1.5 (d) 2.0 20 21

27. The three stable isotopes of neon 10Ne , 10Ne

23. A plane mirror is placed along the x-axis facing

negative y-axis. The mirror is fixed. A point object and 10Ne22 have respective abundances of 90.51%,

^ ^ 0.27% and 9.22%. The atomic masses of the

is moving with 3 i + 4 j in front of the plane three isotopes are 19.99 u, 20.99 u and 21.99 u

mirror. The relative velocity of image with respect respectively. The average atomic mass of neon is

to its object is (a) 11.18 u (b) 15.18 u

y (c) 20.18 u (d) 10.18 u

28. Light rays of wavelength 6000 and of photon

intensity 39.6 W m2 is incident on a metal

x

surface. If only 1% of photons incident on surface

emit photoelectrons, then the number of electrons

emitted per second per unit area from the surface

^

will be (Take h = 6.64 1034 J s, c = 3 108 m s1)

^

(a) 8 j (b) 8 j (a) 12 1018 (b) 10 1018

^ ^ ^ (c) 12 1017 (d) 12 1016

(c) 3 i 4 j (d) 6 i

29. A sample contains 102 kg each of the two

24. A surface irradiated with light of wavelength 480 nm substances A and B with half-lives 4 s and 8 s

gives out electrons with maximum velocity v m s1, respectively. Their atomic weights are in the ratio

the cut off wavelength being 600 nm. The same of 1 : 2. Find the ratio of the amounts of A and B

surface would release electrons with maximum after an interval of 16 seconds.

velocity 2v m s1 if it is irradiated by light of (a) 1 : 4 (b) 4 : 1 (c) 1 : 2 (d) 2 : 1

wavelength

30. A diode having potential difference 0.5 V across

(a) 325 nm (b) 360 nm

its junction which does not depend on current, is

(c) 384 nm (d) 300 nm

connected in series with resistance of 20 W across

25. The ratio of the de Broglie wavelengths of proton source. If 0.1 A current passes through resistance,

and alpha particle which have been accelerated then what is the voltage of the source?

through same potential difference is (a) 1.5 V (b) 2.0 V (c) 2.5 V (d) 5 V

(a) 2 3 (b) 3 2 (c) 2 2 (d) 3 3

31. If ground state ionisation energy of H-atom is

26. A plane electromagnetic wave travelling along the 13.6 eV, the energy required to ionize a H-atom

x-direction has a wavelength of 3 mm. The variation from second excited state is

in the electric field occurs in the y-direction with an

(a) 1.51 eV (b) 3.4 eV

amplitude 66 V m1. The equations for the electric

(c) 13.6 eV (d) 12.1 eV

and magnetic fields as a function of x and t are

x 32. Two satellites S1 and S2 revolve around a planet in

(a) Ey = 33 cos p 1011 (t )

c coplanar circular orbits in the same sense. Their

x periods of revolution are 1 h and 8 h respectively.

Bz = 1.1 107 cos p 1011 (t )

c The radius of orbit of S1 is 104 km. When S2 is

x

(b) Ey = 11 cos 2p 1011 (t ) closest to S1, the speed of S2 relative to S1 is

c

x (a) p 104 km h1 (b) 2p 104 km h1

By = 11 107 cos 2p 1011 (t ) 4

(c) 3p 10 km h 1

(d) 4p 104 km h1

c

Page 16

33. An object initially at rest explodes into three 39. A modulating signal is a square wave as shown in

fragments A, B and C. The momentum of A is P i figure.

and that of B is 3 P j where P is positive number. The carrier wave is given by c(t) = 2sin(8pt) volt.

What is the modulation index?

The momentum of C is

(a) (1 + 3 ) P in a direction making 120 with A

1

(b) 2 P in a direction making 150 with A

(c) 2 P in a direction making 150 with B O 0.5 1 1.5 2.0

m(t) V

t(s)

(d) (1 + 3 ) P in a direction making 150 with B.

34. One end of a uniform

A (a) 0.2 (b) 0.3

rod of length l and

B (c) 0.4 (d) 0.5

mass m is hinged at

A. It is released from 40. A Zener diode when used as a voltage regulator is

rest from horizontal connected

C

position AB as shown (i) in forward bias (ii) in reverse bias

in figure. The force (iii) in parallel with load

exerted by the rod B (iv) in series with load

on the hinge when it (a) (i) and (ii) are correct

becomes vertical is (b) (ii) and (iii) are correct

3 5

(a) mg (b) 3mg (c) 5mg (d) mg (c) (i) only correct (d) (iv) only correct

2 2

35. Two bulbs 40 W and 60 W and rated voltage chemistry

240 V are connected in series across a potential 41. The correct order of first ionisation potential

difference of 420 V. Which bulb will work at above among the following elements Be, B, C, N, O is

its rated voltage? (a) B < Be < C < O < N

(a) 40 W (b) 60 W (b) B < Be < C < N < O

(c) Both 40 W and 60 W (d) None of the bulbs (c) Be < B < C < N < O

(d) Be < B < C < O < N

36. The three resistances A, B and C have values 3R, 6R

and R respectively. When some potential difference 42. Amongst TiF62, CoF63, Cu2Cl2 and NiCl42 (At.

is applied across the network, the thermal powers nos. of Ti = 22, Co = 27, Cu = 29, Ni = 28). The

dissipated by A, B and C are in the ratio colourless species are

3R (a) CoF63 and NiCl42 (b) TiF62 and CoF63

R (c) Cu2Cl2 and NiCl42 (d) TiF62 and Cu2Cl2

A

6R C

B

43. Identify Z in the sequence :

(a) 2 : 3 : 4 (b) 2 : 4 : 3

(c) 4 : 2 : 3 (d) 3 : 2 : 4

37. The masses of three wires of copper are in the ratio (a) C6H5CN (b) C6H5CONH2

1 : 3 : 5 and lengths are in the ratio 5 : 3 : 1. Then the (c) C6H5COOH (d) C6H5CH2NH2

ratio of their electrical resistances are 44. The oxidation number of S in Caros acid (H2SO5) is

(a) 1 : 3 : 5 (b) 5 : 3 : 1 (a) + 5 (b) + 3

(c) 1 : 15 : 25 (d) 125 : 15 : 1 (c) + 2 (d) + 6

38. A pendulum bob of mass m carrying a charge q is 45. The solubility of sulphates in water down the IIA

at rest with its string making an angle q with the group follows the order Be > Mg > Ca > Sr > Ba.

vertical in a uniform horizontal electric field E. The This is due to

tension in the string is (a) increase in melting point

mg qE mg qE

(a) sin and cos (b) cos and sin (b) increasing molecular mass

(c) decreasing lattice energy

qE mg

(c) mg (d) qE (d) high heat of solvation of smaller ions.

Page 17

46. A hydrocarbon P of the formula C7H12 on 54. In the given Freundlich adsorption isotherm plot,

ozonolysis gives a compound Q which undergoes x, y and z are respectively

aldol condensation giving 1-acetylcyclopentene.

The compound P is

(a) (b)

(c) (d)

47. Identify the pair of species in which the central (a) 1, 1 , 0 (b) 1 , 1, 0

atom has the same type of hybridisation. n n

(a) BF3 and NCl3 (b) H2S and BeCl2 (c) 0 , 1, 1 (d) 0 , 1 , 1

(c) NCl3 and H2S (d) SF4 and BeCl2 n n

48. The structure of neo pentyl group in an organic 55. The equilibrium constant of the reaction,

compound is 1

SO3(g) SO2(g) + O

(a) CH3 CH2 CH2 CH2 CH2 2 2(g)

is 0.15 at 900 K. The equilibrium constant for

CH3

2SO2(g) + O2(g) 2SO3(g) is

(b) CH3 CH2 CH CH2

(a) 52.52 mol1 L (b) 49.72 mol1 L

CH3 (c) 63.34 mol1 L (d) 44.44 mol1 L

(c) CH3 C CH2 56. In the Hoopes process for refining of aluminium,

CH3 the fused materials form three different layers and

they remain separated during electrolysis also. This

(d) CH3 CH CH2 CH2

is because

CH3 (a) there is a special arrangement in the cell to keep

49. The cubic unit cell of aluminium (molar mass the layers separate

27.0 g mol1) has an edge length of 405 pm and (b) the three layers have different densities

density 2.70 g cm3. What type of unit cell is it? (c) the three layers are maintained at different

(a) Face-centred (b) Body-centred temperature

(c) Simple cubic (d) None of these. (d) the upper layer is kept attracted by the cathode

50. Al2O3 on heating with carbon in an atmosphere of and the lower layer is kept attracted by the

Cl2 at high temperature produces anode.

(a) Al + CO2 (b) Al + CO2 + NO 57. Which of the following complexes will give white

(c) Al4C3 + CO2 (d) AlCl3 + CO precipitate with BaCl2(aq)?

(a) [Co(NH3)4SO4]NO2

51. Which of the following does not show (b) [Cr(NH3)4SO4]Cl

tautomerism? (c) [Cr(NH3)5Cl]SO4

(a) C6H5COCH3 (b) CH3CHO (d) Both (b) and (c).

(c) CH3COCH3 (d) C6H5COC(CH3)3

58. At 25C, the molar conductivity of 0.001 M

52. Which of the following has least covalent P H hydrofluoric acid is 184.5 W1 cm2 mol1. If its Lm

bond? is 502.4 W1 cm2 mol1, then equilibrium constant

(a) PH3 (b) P2H6 at the given concentration is

+

(c) P2H5 (d) PH6 (a) 3.607 104 M (b) 5.404 104 M

53. What products are expected from the dispropor- (c) 2.127 104 M (d) 6.032 104 M

tionation reaction of hypochlorous acid? 59. Zinc on reacting with cold, dil. HNO3, gives

(a) HClO3 and Cl2O (b) HClO2 and HClO4 (a) ZnNO3 (b) NH4NO3

(c) HCl and Cl2O (d) HCl and HClO3 (c) NO2 (d) NO

Page 18

60. Which of the following is aromatic?

(b) + Zn/Hg and conc. HCl

(a) (b)

+

(c) + CrO2Cl2 in CS2 followed by H3O+

(c) (d)

61. Which of the following statements is not correct? (d) + H2 in presence of Pd-BaSO4

(a) Some antiseptics can be added to soaps.

(b) Dilute solutions of some disinfectants can be 68. A reaction having equal energies of activation for

used as an antiseptic. forward and reverse reactions has

(c) Disinfectants are antimicrobial drugs. (a) DH = 0 (b) DH = DG = DS = 0

(d) Antiseptic medicines can be ingested. (c) DS = 0 (d) DG = 0

69. Amongst the acids,

62. Which molecule/ion out of the following does not

(i) CH CCOOH (ii) CH2 CHCOOH and

contain unpaired electrons?

(iii)CH3CH2COOH,

(a) N2+ (b) O2 (c) O22 (d) B2

the acid strength follows the sequence

63. Energy of an electron in hydrogen atom is given by (a) (i) < (ii) > (iii) (b) (i) > (ii) > (iii)

13.6 (c) (i) = (ii) = (iii) (d) (i) = (ii) > (iii)

E= eV. Which one of the following statements

n2

70. Ionization potential of hydrogen atom is 13.6 eV.

is true if n is changed from 1 to 3?

Hydrogen atom in ground state is excited by

Energy will

monochromatic light of energy 12.1 eV. The

(a) decrease three times

spectral lines emitted by hydrogen according to

(b) increase three times

Bohrs theory will be

(c) increase nine times

(a) one (b) two (c) three (d) four.

(d) decrease nine times.

71. Which of the following reactions will yield

64. Structure of the compound whose IUPAC name is

2-propanol?

3-Ethyl-2-hydroxy-4-methylhex-3-en-5-ynoic acid is H+

I. CH2 CH CH3 + H2O

(i) CH MgI

(a) (b) II. CH3 CHO 3

(ii) H O

2

(i) C H MgI

III. CH2O

2 5

(ii) H O2

Neutral KMnO

IV. CH2 CH CH3 4

(a) I and II (b) II and III

(c) (d)

(c) III and I (d) II and IV

65. The value of Plancks constant is 6.63 1034 J s. 72. The heat liberated when 1.89 g of benzoic acid is

The speed of light is 3 1017 nm s1. Which value burnt in a bomb calorimeter at 25C and it increases

is closest to the wavelength in nanometer of a the temperature of 18.94 kg of water by 0.632C. If

quantum of light with frequency of 6 1015 s1? the specific heat of water at 25C is 0.998 cal/g-deg,

(a) 50 (b) 75 (c) 10 (d) 25 the value of the heat of combustion of benzoic acid is

(a) 881.1 kcal (b) 771.12 kcal

66. Identify the correct order of solubility in aqueous (c) 981.1 kcal (d) 871.2 kcal

medium.

73. Which of the following combinations illustrates

(a) Na2S > CuS > ZnS (b) Na2S > ZnS > CuS

the law of reciprocal proportions?

(c) CuS > ZnS > Na2S (d) ZnS > Na2S > CuS

(a) N2O3, N2O4, N2O5(b) NaCl, NaBr, NaI

67. Reaction by which benzaldehyde cannot be (c) CS2, CO2, SO2 (d) PH3, P2O3, P2O5

prepared 74. Which of the following is formed, when

benzaldehyde reacts with alcoholic KCN?

(a) + CO + HCl in presence of anhydrous

(a) Benzoin (b) Benzyl alcohol

AlCl3

(c) Benzoic acid (d) Ethyl benzoate

Page 19

75. The standard electrode potentials for Pb2+| Pb and mathematics

Zn2+ | Zn are 0.126 V and 0.763 V respectively. 81. If x + y = + z, then sin2x + sin2y sin2z is equal to

The e.m.f. of the cell (a) 2 sin x sin y sin z (b) 2 cos x cos y cos z

Zn | Zn2+(0.1 M) || Pb2+(0.1 M)|Pb is (c) 2 sin x cos y cos z (d) 2 sin x sin y cos z

(a) 0.637 V (b) < 0.637 V

(c) > 0.637 V (d) 0.889 V 82. Let R be a relation in N defined by

R = {(x, y) : x + 2y = 8}, then range of R is

76. Which of the following will be most acidic? (a) {2, 4, 6} (b) {1, 2, 3, 4, 6}

(a) (b) (c) {1, 2, 3} (d) none of these.

83. If R be a relation < from A = {1, 2, 3, 4} to the

set B = {1, 3, 5} i.e. (a, b) R a < b, then RoR1

(c) (d) equals

(a) {(1, 3), (1, 5), (2, 3), (2, 5), (3, 5), (4, 5)}

77. Three metal ions (X), (Y), (Z) on treatment with (b) {(3, 3), (5, 3), (3, 5), (5, 5)}

KCN forms yellow, white and reddish-brown (c) {(3, 1), (5, 1), (3, 2), (5, 2), (5, 3), (5, 4)}

precipitate. (X) gives insoluble complex with (d) {(4, 5), (3, 4), (3, 3)}.

excess of KCN and no ppt. upon passing H2S gas. 84. The straight lines joining the origin to the points of

(Y) also gives insoluble complex with excess of intersection of the straight line hx + ky = 2hk and

KCN but gives yellow ppt. on passing H2S gas. (Z) the curve (x k)2 + (y h)2 = c2 are at right angles, then

gives yellow solution with excess of KCN. Then X, (a) h2 + k2 + c2 = 0 (b) h2 k2 c2 = 0

Y and Z respectively are 2 2 2

(c) h + k c = 0 (d) none of these.

(a) Cu2+, Cd2+, Fe3+ (b) Cu2+, Fe2+, Cd2+

(c) Pb2+, Cd2+, Cu2+ (d) Fe3+, Pb2+, Fe2+ 85. The exhaustive range of values of a such that the

angle between the pair of tangents drawn from

78. Which of the following represents the correct order (a, a) to the circle x2 + y2 2x 2y 6 = 0 lies in the

of increasing electron gain enthalpy with negative range (p/3, p) is

sign for the elements O, S, F and Cl? (a) (1, ) (b) (5, 3) (3, 5)

(a) O < S < F < Cl (b) F < S < O < Cl

(c) (, 2 2 ) (2 2 , )

(c) S < O < Cl < F (d) Cl < F < O < S

(d) (3, 1) (3, 5)

79. Potassium permanganate has intense purple colour

86. If a = tan27q tanq and

due to

(a) weak d-d transitions sin sin 3 sin 9

= + + , then

(b) metal to ligand charge transfer cos 3 cos 9 cos 27

(c) ligand to metal charge transfer (a) a = b (b) a = 2b

(d) both metal and ligand transitions. (c) b = 2a (d) none of these.

80. Identify R in the following series of reactions. 87. The graph of f(x) = cosx cos(x + 2) cos2(x + 1) is

(a) a straight line through (p/2, sin21) and parallel

O TsCl

OH Pyridine

CH NO

P NaOH,3 MeOH

2

Q

to x-axis

H (b) a parabola with vertex (1, sin21)

Sn/HCl, (c) a straight line passing through origin

R

(d) none of these.

88. Seven coupons are selected at random one

(a) (b) at a time with replacement from 15 coupons

HO O NH2

N numbered 1 to 15. The probability that the largest

H number appearing on a selected coupon is 9, is

6 7

HO 9 8

(a) (b)

(c) (d) 16 15

HO N N 7

H H (c) 3 (d) none of these

5

20 physics for you | april 15

Page 20

89. If the letters of the word MATHEMATICS are 96. Given a function g continuous everywhere such that

arranged arbitrarily, the probability that C comes 1

1

x

2

before E, E before H,H before I and I before S is g(1) = 5 and g (t )dt = 2 . If f (x) = ( x t ) g (t )dt ,

2

1 1 1 1 0 0

(a) (b) (c) (d) then f (1) f (1) is

75 24 120 720

90. Suppose A1, A2, A3, ..., A30 are thirty sets each with (a) 2 (b) 4 (c) 3 (d) 5

five elements and B1, B2, B3, ..., Bn are n sets each 97. The least value of the function

x

30 n 3

with three elements such that Ai = Bi = S . F(x) = (4 sin t + 3 cos t )dt in ,

4 4

i =1 i =1 /6

If each element of S belongs to exactly ten of the

Ais and exactly 9 of the Bis, then the value of n is 4 3 2 4 3 3 2

(a) 15 (b) 135 (c) 45 (d) 35 (a) (b)

2 2

91. The value of 4 3 + 3 + 2

3+ 2

(c) (d)

50 5 40 5 30 5 20 5 10 2 2

6 1 6 + 2 6 3 6 + 4 6 2

98. For x (a + 3)|x| + 4 = 0 to have real solutions, the

n range of a is

where denotes nCr , is

r (a) ( , 7] [1, ) (b) (3, )

(a) 15625 (b) 0

(c) ( , 7] (d) [1, )

(c) 1000000 (d) 2250000

99. If the equation x2 + ax + b = 0 has distinct real roots

3

92. The value of 2 dx {where [] is greatest and x2 + a|x| + b = 0 has only one real root, then

0 x + 1 which of the following is true?

integer function} is

1 3 (a) b = 0, a > 0 (b) a = 0, b > 0

(a) (b) (c) b > 0, a < 0 (d) b < 0, a > 0

2 2

2 1 2 1

(c) (d) none of these

3 100. If A = 1 1 2 , then det(Adj(Adj A)) =

3

[x 2 2x + 2]dx , where [] is greatest 2 1 1

93. The value of (a) 144 (b) 143

0

integer function is (c) 14 2

(d) 14

(a) 6 3 2 (b) 6 + 3 + 2 101. The existence of the unique solution of the system

(c) 8 3 2 (d) 2 + 2 of equations x + y + z = l, 5x y + mz = 10,

2x + 3y z = 6 depends on

94. f (x) is a continuous function such that

+12

(a) m only (b) l only

(c) both l and m (d) neither l nor m

f(x + 4) = f (x + 2) f (x). The value of f (x)dx is

102. If A and B are square matrices such that

12 6

B = A1BA , then

(a) f (x)dx (b) f (x)dx

(a) AB + BA = 0

0 0

8 (b) (A + B)0 = A2 + B2 + AB

(c) (A + B)2 = A2 + 2AB + B2

(c) f (x)dx (d) none of these

(d) (A + B)2 = A + B

0

1

sin xdt 1 2 2

95. The range of 1 2t cos x + t 2 is x (0, 2p) 1

103. If A = 2 1 2 is an orthogonal matrix, then

1

3 a 2 b

(a) {p} (b) ,

2 2 (a) a = 2, b = 1 (b) a = 2, b = 1

(c) (d) { p, p} (c) a = 2, b = 1 (d) a = 2, b = 1

2

Page 21

104. If A and B are square matrices of order 3 3 such 112. The area of the region bounded by y = x ln x,

that A is an orthogonal matrix and B is a skew sym- y = 2x 2x2 is

metric matrix, then which of the following state- (a) 7/12 (b) 5/2 (c) 1/12 (d) 4

ments is true? 49

(a) |AB| = 1 (b) |AB| = 0

113. sin 51x (sin x) dx equals

(c) |AB| = 1 (d) none of these sin 50x (sin x)50

(a) +C

105. The least value of the expression 50

2log10 x logx(0.01) for x > 1 is cos 50x (sin x)50

(b) +C

(a) 10 (b) 2 (c) 0.01 (d) 4 50

cos 50x (cos x)50

106. The expression {x + (x 3 1)1/2}5 + {x (x 3 1)1/2}5is (c) +C

a polynomial of degree 50

(a) 5 (b) 6 (c) 7 (d) 8 sin 50x (sin x)51

(d) +C

2 x x 51

107. If f (x) = (a 3a + 2) cos2 sin2 + (a 1)x + sin 1 114. If f be a polynomial function satisfying

4 4

possesses critical points, then the set of values of a f (x2 + x + 3) + 2 f (x2 3x + 5) = 6x2 10x + 17

are x R then

(a) ( , 0] [4, ) (a) f is a decreasing function

(b) ( , 0] [4, ) {1} (b) f(x) = 0 has a root in (0, 2)

(c) ( , 0) (4, ) (4, ) {1} (c) f(x) is an odd function

(d) none of these (d) no such polynomial exist

108. If x ( , 2) and y3 3y + x = 0, then 115. If |f (x)| 1 x R and f(0) = 0 = f (0) then

(a) y is not a function of x which of the following cannot be true?

(b) y is not a monotonic function 1 1 1 1

(a) f = (b) f =

(c) y is an increasing function of x 3 5 3 12

(d) y is a decreasing function of x 1

(c) f (3) = 4 (d) f (3) =

1 1 3

1

109. If f (x) = cot x + ln x, x , 3 , 1

2 116. Let f (x ) = sin{x} , where [.] and {.} denote

3

then greatest value of f (x) is the greatest integer and fractional part function

1 1 respectively. The range of f is

(a) ln 3 (b) + ln 3

6 4 6 2 (a) the set of integers = I

1

(c) ln 3 (d) + ln 3 (b) the set of natural numbers = N

4 6 6 4 (c) the set of whole numbers = W

1 1 (d) {2, 3, 4, ....}

110. The range of f (x) = tan [x] + [x] + 3 | x | + 2

x 117. The chord of contact of tangents from any point

is (where [.] denotes G.I.F) of circle x2 + y2 = a2 with respect to the circle

1 1 x2 + y2 = b2 touches the circle x2 + y2 = c2 where

(a) , (b) 2, )

4 4 (a, b, c > 0) then

1 5 5 a+c

(c) , , 1 + 2 (d) , 1 + 2 (a) b <

9 4 4 2

1 1 1

111. The solution of differential equation (b) , , are in A.P.

1 + log a 1 + log b 1 + log c

x2dy y2dx + xy2(x y)dy = 0 is

(c) a, b, c are in A.P.

xy y2 x + y y2 (d) b > ac

(a) ln + = C (b) ln + =C

xy 2 xy 2

118. The locus of mid-point of the chord of the circle with

2 2

(c) ln x y + y = C (d) ln x y + y = C x2 y2

diameter as minor axis of the ellipse + =1

xy 2 x+y 2 a 2 b2

Page 22

(a > b) which subtend right angle at centre of ellipse is 123. The total number of ways in which 5 balls of different

a +b 2 2 colours can be distributed among 3 persons so that

(a) x2 + y2 = 2b2 (b) x 2 + y 2 = each person gets at least one ball is

2

2 (a) 75 (b) 150 (c) 210 (d) 243

2 2 b

(c) 2(x2 + y2) = b2 (d) x + y = x2 + x + 1

4 ax b = 4, then

124. If lim

119. Let a, b, g are the roots of the equation x x +1

1 1 1 (a) a = 1, b = 4 (b) a = 1, b = 4

x3 + 3x2 6x 8 = 0. If , , , and , (c) a = 2, b = 3 (d) a = 2, b = 3

are the vertices of the triangle, then 125. The function f : [0, 3] [1, 29], defined by

3 f(x) = 2x3 15x2 + 36x + 1, is

(a) centroid of the triangle is , 1

4 (a) one-one and onto

1 (b) onto but not one-one

(b) orthocentre of the triangle is , 8 (c) one-one but not onto

8

(d) neither one-one nor onto

29 23

(c) circumcentre of the triangle is ,

8 16 english and logical reasoning

(d) centroid of the triangle is 1 , 1 Directions (Questions 126 to 128) : Read the passage

4 and answer the following questions.

Books are, by far, the most lasting product of human

sec2 x

120. The integral (sec x + tan x)9/2 dx equals (for effort. Temples crumble into ruin, pictures and statues

decay, but books survive. Time does not destroy the

some arbitrary constant K) great thoughts which are as fresh today as when they

(a)

1

(sec x + tan x)

1 1

{

(sec x + tan x)2 + K

11/2 11 7 } first passed through their authors mind. These thoughts

speak to us through the printed page. The only effect

(b)

1

(sec x + tan x) 11/2 { 1 1

11 7 }

(sec x + tan x)2 + K

of time has been to throw out of currency the bad

products. Nothing in literature which is not good can

live for long. Good books have always helped man in

(c)

1

(sec x + tan x) 11/2 {

1 1

}

+ (sec x + tan x)2 + K

11 7

various spheres of life. No wonder that the world keeps

its books with great care.

(d)

1

(sec x + tan x)

1 1

11/2 11 7 {

+ (sec x + tan x)2 + K } 126. Of the product of human effort, books are the

most

(a) Permanent (b) Important

121. Let z be a complex number such that the imaginary (c) Enjoyable (d) Useful.

part of z is nonzero and a = z2 + z + 1 is real. Then 127. Time does not destroy books because they contain

a cannot take the value (a) Useful material

1 1 3 (b) Subject matter for education

(a) 1 (b) 3 (c) (d) 4 (c) High ideals

2

(d) Great ideas.

x 2 cos , x 0 128. To throw out of currency means

122. Let f (x) = x , x R, then f is

0, x =0 (a) Destroy (b) Put out of use

(c) Extinguish (d) Forget.

(a) differentiable both at x = 0 and at x = 2

(b) differentiable at x = 0 but not differentiable at Directions (Questions 129 to 130) : Pick out the

x=2 correct synonyms for each of the following words.

(c) not differentiable at x = 0 but differentiable at 129. Eradicate

x=2 (a) Dedicate (b) Eliminate

(d) differentiable at neither at x = 0 nor at x = 2 (c) Complicate (d) Indicate

Page 23

130. Myopic 137. Which sentence should come last in the

(a) Astigmatic (b) Cross-eyed paragraph?

(c) Blind (d) Short-sighted (a) A (b) D (c) B (d) E

Directions (Questions 131 to 132) : In each of the Directions (Questions 138 to 140) : In each of the

following questions, an idiomatic expression/a proverb following questions, a word has been written in four

has been given, followed by some alternatives. Choose the different ways out of which only one is correctly spelt.

one which best expresses the meaning of the given idiom Find the correctly spelt word.

or proverb. 138. (a) Garuntee (b) Guaruntee

131. To take the wind out of anothers sails (c) Gaurantee (d) Guarantee

(a) To defeat the motives of another 139. (a) Benefited (b) Benifitted

(b) To anticipate another and to gain advantage (c) Benefeted (d) Benifited

over him

(c) To manouevre to mislead another on the high 140. (a) Efflorescance (b) Eflorescence

seas (c) Efflorascence (d) Efflorescence

(d) To cause harm to another 141. There is a certain relationship between two

132. To keep the ball rolling

given words on one side of : : establish a similar

(a) To keep the conversation going relationship on another side of : : by selecting a

word from the given options.

(b) To make the best use of

Doctor : Patient : : Politician : ?

(c) To earn more and more

(a) Masses (b) Voter

(d) To work constantly

(c) Power (d) Chair

Directions (Questions 133 to 137) : Rearrange

142. In the following question, four words have been

the given five sentences A, B, C, D and E in the proper

given, out of which three are alike in some manner, while

sequence so as to form a meaningful paragraph and then

the fourth one is different. Choose out the odd one.

answer the questions given below them.

(a) Seminar (b) Semicolon

A. The alternative was a blitz by the health workers

(c) Semifinal (d) Semicircle

to popularise preventive measures.

B. This information was considered inadequate. 143. Find the missing character in the following :

C. People have been reading about AIDS in the ?

235 4

mass media.

D. Nobody is sure as to how effective this would

117 7

be.

E. People were also not being influenced enough

59 15

to take preventive measures.

29

133. Which sentence should come first in the

(a) 327 (b) 386 (c) 438 (d) 469

paragraph?

(a) C (b) D (c) B (d) A 144. Select a figure from amongst the Answer Figures

which will continue the same series as established

134. Which sentence should come second in the

by the five Problem Figures.

paragraph?

(a) C (b) D (c) B (d) E Problem Figures

paragraph?

(a) C (b) D (c) B (d) E

(a) (b)

136. Which sentence should come fourth in the

paragraph?

(c) (d)

(a) C (b) D (c) B (d) A

Page 24

145. In the following question, find out which of the 150. In the following number series, one term is wrong.

figures (a), (b), (c) and (d) can be formed from the Find out the wrong term.

pieces given in fig. (X). 1, 3, 10, 21, 64, 129, 356, 777

(a) 21 (b) 129 (c) 10 (d) 356

solution

1. (a) : Let M = kc F y K z

x

\ [M1 L0 T0] = [LT1]x [MLT2]y [ML2 T2]z

(a) (b) (c) (d) = M y+z Lx+y+2z T x2y2z

Applying principle of homogeneity of dimensions,

146. Select the missing term. y+z=1 ...(i)

A, D, H, M, ?, Z x + y + 2z = 0 ...(ii)

(a) T (b) G (c) N (d) S x 2y 2z = 0 ...(iii)

147. In the following question, find out which of the Adding (ii) and (iii), we get, y = 0

answer figures (a), (b), (c) and (d) completes the Now, from (i) z = 1 y = 1

from (ii) x = y 2z = 0 2

figure matrix ?

\ [M] = [c2 F 0 K1] = [Kc2]

2. (a) : According to law of conservation of linear

momentum, mv = (M + m) V

or V = m v / (M + m)

1

? Initial KE of the system = mv 2

2

1

(a) (b) (c) (d) Final KE of the system = (M + m) V2

2

2 2

1 mv 1 (m v )

148. In the following question, a set of figures carrying = (M + m) =

2 M + m 2 (M + m)

certain characters, is given. Assuming that the

characters in each set follow a similar pattern, find 2

1 1 (m v )

the missing character. Loss of KE = m v 2

2 2 (M + m)

15 2 9 7 13 16

mv 2 M + m m m M v 2

80 65 ? = =

5 6 4 6 11 8 2 M + m 2 (M + m)

(a) 35 (b) 48 (c) 72 (d) 120 3. (b) : Maximum tension an elevator can tolerate is

1

149. In the following question, choose the set of figures T = stress area of cross-section

3

which follows the given rule.

1

Rule : Closed figures gradually become open and = (2.4 108) (3 104) = 2.4 104 N

open figures gradually become closed. 3

If a is the maximum upward acceleration of

elevator then T = m (g + a)

(a)

or 2.4 104 = 1200 (10 + a)

On solving, a = 10 m s2.

(b)

4. (c) : The speed of the body just before entering the

liquid is u = 2 gh . The buoyant force FB of the lake

(c) (i.e., upward thrust of liquid on the body) is greater

than the weight of the body W, since s > r. If V is

(d) the volume of the body and a is the acceleration of

the body inside the liquid, then FB W = ma

Page 25

sVgrVg=rVa 9. (b) : Angular position of first dark fringe,

( ) g

or (s r) g = r a or a = 1 = (2 1 1) =

2d 2d

Using the relation, v2 = u2 + 2as, we have 5460 10 10

= = 2730 10 6 rad

3

( ) h 2 0.1 10

( 2

0 = 2 gh 2 g )

s or s =

180

= 2730 10 6 = 0.16.

5. (a) : For isothermal compression of gas A, 10. (c) : As Kmax = hn f0

PV 1 hc hc

P f = i i = 2Pi ( Vf = Vi ) or eV0 = 0 or V0 = 0

Vf 2 e e

\ DV0 = (V0)1 (V0)2

For adiabatic compression of gas B,

hc 0 hc 0 hc 1 1

V = =

P f = Pi i = 2 Pi e1 e e 2 e e 1 2

Vf

6.6 10 34 3 108 1 1

P f

2 Pi =

Thus, = = 2 1 1.6 10 19

4 10 7

6 10 7

Pf 2Pi

= 1.03 V

6. (c) : When the drop breaks away from the capillary, \ (V0)2 = (V0)1 1.03 = 6 1.03 = 4.97 V

weight of the drop = force of surface tension acting 11. (a) : y1 = a sin wt and y2 = a sin (wt + q)

on it due to capillary, i.e.,

y2 y1 = a 3 = a sin (wt + q) a sin wt

mg

mg = (D) T or T = ...(i) (t + ) + t (t + ) t

D or 3 a = 2 a cos sin

Here, m = 0.0129 g = 1.29 105 kg, g = 9.8 m s2, 2 2

D = 1 mm = 103 m = 2a cos (wt + q / 2) sin q / 2

From eqn. (i), For maximum value, cos (wt + q / 2) = 1

\ 3 a = 2 a sin q / 2

(1.29 10 5 kg )(9.8 m s 2 )

T= = 40.3 10 3 N m 1 3 2

3.14 10 3 m or sin / 2 = = sin or = or = .

2 3 2 3 3

12. (c)

gR 2 13. (a) : Rate of cooling is proportional to (T 4 T 40),

7. (d) : v 0 = and v e = 2 gR

R+h as per Stefans law.

v R 900 4 300 4

As v 0 = e , \ =

2 R 600 4 300 4

gR 2 2 gR gR 2 gR 9 4 34 34 (34 1) 80 16

\ = or = , = = = =

R+h 2 R+h 2 4 4 4 4 15 3

6 3 3 (2 1)

h = R = 6400 km 16

or R = R.

3

8. (b) : Here, u = 45 cm, v = + 90 cm

CP C CV

Using thin lens formula, 14. (c) : As = \ P = 1

1 1 1 1 1 1+ 2 CV CV

= = + = C CV R

f v u 90 45 90 or CV = P =

\ f = + 30 cm 1 1

h2 v h 90 RdT P dV

Magnification, m = = or 2 = U = nCV dT = n =

h1 u 5 45 ( 1) 1

[ h1 = 5 cm] P (2V V ) PV

\ Size of image, h2 = 10 cm. = =

1 1

Page 26

15. (c) : Here, uy = u cos q = 15 cos q 0 (I / 3) 2I

ux = u sin q = 15 sin q B2 = 2 [sin 30 + sin 30] = 0 .

4 r 4 3r

y

It is directed inside the paper.

u = 15 m s1 \ Resultant magnetic field induction at O is

B1 B2 = 0.

19. (a) : As the inductors are in parallel, therefore,

induced e.m.f. across the two inductors is the same i.e.

x

Time of flight of the ball is e1 = e2

2u y dI dI

2 15 cos L1 1 = L2 2

T= = = 3 cos

...(i) dt dt

g 10

Integrating both sides, we get

The boy will catch the ball if in time T, displacement

I L

of the ball in horizontal direction should also be L1I1 = L2 I 2 1 = 2

I 2 L1

1

zero. So 0 = uxT a xT 2 20. (a)

2 21. (b) : Energy contained in a cylinder

2ux 2(15 sin ) U = average energy density volume

or T = = = 10 sin ...(ii)

ax 3 1

= 0 E02 Al

From (i) and (ii), 3 cos q = 10 sin q 2

3 1

or tan = = 0.3 or = tan 1 (0.3). = (8.85 10 12 ) (50)2 (10 10 4 ) 1

10 2

16. (d) : As the rod is hinged at one end, its moment of = 1.1 1011 J

ML2 22. (b) : As IR = I1 + I2 + 2 I1I 2 cos

inertia about this end is I = .

3

Total energy in upright position = total energy on 2

Here, = = , I =I =I

striking the floor 4 2 1 2

MgL 1 2 1 ML2 2 \ I R = I + I + 2I cos = 2 I

0+ = I + 0 = 2

2 2 2 3 At the central bright fringe, I = 4I

L 2 3g \ I R = 2 I = 0. 5

g= or = I 4I

3 L

^ ^

17. (b) 23. (a) : Velocity of object, v ob = 3 i + 4 j

^ ^

18. (d) : Q Velocity of image v image = 3 i 4 j

Relative velocity of image with respect to its object

I/3 O I/3 ^ ^ ^ ^ ^

v rel = v image v ob = (3 i 4 j) (3 i + 4 j) = 8 j

r

P R 24. (d) 25. (c)

2I/3

I I

26. (d) : E0 = 66 V m1

The magnetic field induction at O due to current E 66

B0 = 0 = = 2.2 10 7 T

through PR is c 3 108

0 2I / 3 2I Since electromagnetic wave is of transverse nature,

B1 = [sin 30 + sin 30] = 0 .

4 r 4 3 r hence if electric field is along y-axis the magnetic

field must be along z-axis, since the propagation of

It is directed outside the paper.

wave is along x-axis. Thus the equations given in

The magnetic field induction at O due to current

option (d) are correct.

through PQR is

Page 27

27. (c) : The masses of three isotopes are 19.99 u,

mv 2 GMm GM

20.99 u, 21.99 u. 32. (a) : = v2 =

R R 2 R

Their relative abundances are 90.51%, 0.27% and 9.22%.

2R 4 2R 2 GM

\ Average atomic mass of neon is Also, v= v2 = =

90.51 19.99 + 0.27 20.99 + 9.22 21.99 T T 2 R

m= 2 4 2R 3

(90.51 + 0.27 + 9.22) \ T =

GM

1809.29 + 5.67 + 202.75 2017.7

= = = 20.18 u If T1 and T2 are the time periods for satellite S1 and

100 100

S2 respectively

28. (c) : Useful intensity for the emission of electron is 2 3 2 /3

1 T1 R1 T

I = 1% of I = 39.6 = 0.396 W m 2 T = R R2 = 2 R1

100 2 2 T1

hc Here, T1 = 1 h, T2 = 8 h, R1 = 104 km

Energy of each photon =

2 /3

8

(6.64 10 34 8

) (3 10 ) \ R2 = 10 4 km = 4 10 4 km

= = 3.32 1019

J 1

6000 10 10 2R1 2 10 4

Number of photoelectrons emitted per second per v1 = = = 2 10 4 km h 1

T1 1

unit area 2R2 2 4 10 4

0.396 v2 = = = 10 4 km h 1

= 12 1017 T2 8

3.32 10 19 Relative velocity of S2 with respect to S1 is

29. (a) : Let N0 be the initial amount of a radioactive v = v2 v1 = (p 104 2p 104) km h1

substance. Then the amount left after n half-lives |v| = p 104 km h1

n

1

will be N = N 0 33. (c) : Here Px = P and Py = 3P

2

t 16 s \ Resultant momentum of A and B

For A : nA = = =4

T1/2 4 s

1

4 P = Px2 + Py2 = P 2 + ( 3 P)2 = 2 P

N A = 10 2 kg = 6.25 10 4 kg

2 It is along OC.

16 s

For B : nB = =2 As is clear from figure

8s Y

2

1

\ N B = 10 2 kg = 2.5 10 3 kg B C

2

NA 1

=

NB 4 X X

O A

30. (c) : The circuit diagram is as shown below :

20

C

V 0.1 A Y

BC OA P 1

tan = = = = or q = 30

OB OB 3P 3

As the object was initially at rest, the vector sum

V = V + IR = 0.5 + 0.1 20 = 0.5 + 2.0 = 2.5 V

of linear momenta of A, B and C must be zero.

31. (a) : Here E E1 = 13.6 or E1 = 13.6 eV Therefore, momentum of C = 2 P along OC opposite

For second excited state, to OC. It makes an angle with B = YOC

E 13.6 = YOX + XOC = 90 + 60 = 150

E3 = 21 = = 1.51 eV

3 9 34. (d) : As the rod rotates about A, therefore, from

Energy required to ionise H-atom from second

conservation of mechanical energy, decrease in

excited state

potential energy = increase in rotational kinetic

= E E3 = 0 + 1.51 = 1.51 eV.

energy about A

28 physics for you | april 15

Page 28

1 ml 2

2

l 1 3g mg qE

mg = IA 2 = or 2 = Tcosq = mg or T = ; Tsinq = qE or T =

2 2 2 3 l cos sin

Centripetal force of centre of mass of the rod in this 39. (d) : Here, Am = 1 V, Ac = 2 V,

l 3g 3 mg Am 1

position is = mrw2 = m = . Modulation index, = A = 2 = 0.5

2 l 2 c

If F is the force exerted by the hinge on the rod

40. (b) : The zener diode when used as a voltage

3 mg

(upwards), then F mg = regulator is connected in reverse bias and a load

2 is connected in parallel to zener diode for output

3 mg 5

F= + mg = mg . voltage.

2 2

(240)2 41. (a) : Due to the extra stability of half-filled p-orbitals

35. (a) : Resistance of 40 W bulb, R1 = of N, its first ionisation potential is higher than

40

(240)2 those of O and C. Further because of higher nuclear

Resistance of 60 W bulb, R2 = charge, first ionisation potential of C is higher

60

When bulbs are in series, the effective resistance than that of Be and B. Amongst Be and B, the first

1 1 (240)2 ionisation potential of Be is higher than that of B

R = R1 + R2 = (240)2 + = because in case of Be, an electron is to be removed

40 60 24

420 24 21 from 2s2 orbital while in case of B, an electron is to

Current I = = A removed from 2p1 orbital. Thus, the overall order is

(240)2 120

B < Be < C < O < N.

Potential difference across 40 W bulb

42. (d) : Colour of salts is a property of partially filled

21 (240)2

= = 252 V d-orbitals. Since TiF62 has completely empty and

120 40

Potential difference across 60 W bulb Cu2Cl2 has completely filled d-subshells, hence

21 (240)2 these are colourless salts.

= = 168 V

120 60 43. (c) :

Since potential difference of 40 W is greater than

240 V, so it will work at above its rated voltage.

36. (c) :

44. (d) :

2

2I 4

Thermal power in A, PA = 3R = I 2R

3 3

2 Two oxygen atoms are in peroxo linkage i.e.,

I 2

Thermal power in B, PB = 6R = I 2R oxidation number = 1

3 3

2

Thermal power in C, PC = I R. 3 (2) + 2(1) + x + 2(+1) = 0 8 + x + 2 = 0 x = + 6

4 2 45. (d)

PA : PB : PC = I 2R : I 2R : I 2R = 4 : 2 : 3 O

3 3 CH3

37. (d) 46. (a) : Ozonolysis

H2CCCH3 Aldol

OH

Tcos 1-Methylcyclohexene H2C C

T H sation

(P)

H2CCH2

+q

Tsin qE (Q)

O

CCH3

mg C

E

H2C CH

H2C CH2

From figure at equilibrium, 1-Acetylcyclopentene

Page 29

47. (c) : N atom in NCl3 and S atom in H2S are sp3 C 2 0.001 M (0.367 )2

hybridised. K= = = 2.127 104 M

1 0.633

48. (c) 59. (b) : 4Zn + 10HNO3 4Zn(NO3)2 + NH4NO3

(dilute)

+ 3H2O

Z M 3

49. (a) : = 3 or Z = N0 a 60. (b) : Aromaticity can be predicted by the use of

N0 a M Huckles rule which says that (4n + 2) p-electrons

2.7 6.023 10 ( 405 10 10 )3

23

are required in delocalisation system to give it

Z= =4

27.0 aromaticity.

i.e., number of atoms per unit cell is 4. Hence, unit 61. (d) 62. (c)

cell is face-centred type.

1

1000C 63. (d) : E i.e., when n = 3; E decreases nine times.

50. (d) : Al2O3 + 3C + 3Cl2 2AlCl3 + 3CO n2

51. (d) : C6H5COC(CH3)3 does not contain an 64. (d) 65. (a)

a-hydrogen and hence does not show tautomerism. 66. (b) : Sodium sulphide is soluble in water. The

52. (d) : Due to the +ve charge on P, it attracts the solubility product (and hence solubility) of ZnS is

electrons of the PH bond towards itself. As a larger than that of CuS.

result, it has some ionic character. In other words, 67. (b) : Reduction in presence of Zn-Hg and conc. HCl

the PH bond in PH6+ is least covalent. is useful for aldehyde and ketone but carboxylic

53. (d) : 3HClO(aq) HClO3(aq) + 2HCl(aq) acid group remains unaffected.

It is a disproportionation reaction of hypochlorous 68. (a) : DH = (Ea)f (Ea)b = 0

acid where the oxidation number of Cl changes 69. (b) : Since sp-hybridized carbon is more

from +1 (in ClO) to +5 (in ClO3) and 1 (in Cl). electronegative than a sp2-hybridized carbon which

54. (a) in turn is more electronegative than sp3-hybridized

sp

1 carbon, therefore, CH C COOH is a stronger

55. (d) : For SO3(g) SO2(g) + O2(g) sp2

2 acid than CH2 CH COOH which in turn, is a

[SO2 ][O2 ]1/2 sp3

Kc = = 0.15 (i) stronger acid than CH3 CH2 COOH . Thus, the

1 [SO3 ] overall order of acid strength is (i) > (ii) > (iii).

For 2SO2(g) + O2(g) 2SO3(g) 70. (c) : Since ionization potential of hydrogen atom is

13.6 eV.

[SO3 ]2 \ E1 = 13.6 eV

Kc = (ii) 13.6

2

[SO2 ]2[O2 ] Now, En E1 = ( 13.6) = 12.1

n2

1 [SO3 ] 13.6

By reversing Eq. (i), = + 13.6 = 12.1 \ n = 3

K c [SO2 ][O2 ]1/2 n2

1

On making square, After absorbing 12.1 eV the electron in H atom is

2 excited to 3rd shell.

1 [SO3 ]2 Thus, possible transitions are 3

= 2

= Kc [By Eq. (ii)] i.e., 3 2, 2 1 and 3 1.

K c1 [SO2 ] [O2 ]

2

2

71. (a)

1

\ Kc = = 44.44 mol 1 L 72. (b) : Given : Weight of benzoic acid = 1.89 g;

2 0.15 Temperature of bomb calorimeter = 25C = 298 K;

56. (b) Mass of water (m) = 18.94 kg = 18940 g;

57. (c) : Sulphate ion is present outside the Increase in temperature (t) = 0.632C and

coordination sphere so it can form white ppt. of specific heat of water (s) = 0.998 cal/g-deg.

BaSO4 with BaCl2(aq). We know that heat gained by water or heat liberated

by benzoic acid (Q) = msDt

m 184.5 = 18940 0.998 0.632 = 11946.14 cal

58. (c) : = = = 0.367

m 502.4

Contd. on Page no. 76

30 physics for you | april 15

Page 30

paper-1

one or More Than one options correct Type (b) lB = 1.5 mm

This section contains 10 multiple choice questions. Each question

(c) the temperature of B is 11604 K

has four choices (a), (b), (c) and (d) out of which ONE or MORE THAN (d) lB = 2.0 mm

ONE are correct. 3. The two balls A and B as shown in

u

1. A small charged bead can slide on a circular figure are of masses m and 2m,

m 2m

frictionless, insulating wire frame. A point like respectively.

A B

dipole is fixed at the centre of circle, dipole moment The ball A moves with velocity u toward right

is p. Initially the bead is on the plane of symmetry while B is at rest. The wall at extreme right is fixed.

of the dipole. Bead is released from rest. Ignore the Coefficient of restitution for collision between two

effect of gravity. Select the correct options. 1

balls is and between either ball and wall is 1. Then

2

r Charged bead speeds of A and B after all possible collisions are

p mass = m u u

charge = Q

(a) vA = (b) vA =

2 4

Dipole u u

(c) vB = (d) vB =

8 4

(a) Magnitude of velocity of bead as function of its

4. Consider two satellites A and B

Qp cos q of equal mass m, moving same A r B

.

angular position is 2 pe mr 2 circular orbit about earth, but in

0

(b) Normal force exerted by the string on bead is zero. opposite sense as shown in figure. Earth

(c) If the wire frame were not present bead executes The orbital radius is r.

circular motion and returns to initial point after The satellites undergoes a collision which is

tracing a complete circle. perfectly inelastic. For this situation, mark out the

(d) Bead would move along a circular path until it correct statement(s). [Take mass of earth as M]

reaches the opposite its starting position and (a) The total energy of the two satellites plus earth

then executes periodic motion. GMm

system just before collision is .

2. Two bodies A and B have thermal emissivities of r

0.01 and 0.81 respectively. The outer surface areas (b) The total energy of the two satellites plus earth

of the two bodies are the same. The two bodies emit 2GMm

system just after collision is .

total radiant power of the same rate. The wavelength r

lB corresponding to maximum spectral radiancy in (c) The total energy of the two satellites plus earth

the radiation from B shifted from the wavelength GMm

system just after collision is .

corresponding to maximum spectral radiancy in 2r

the radiation from A, by 1.0 mm. If the temperature (d) The combined mass (two satellites) will fall

of A is 5802 K, towards the earth just after collision.

9. When a charge of amount Q is given to an isolated

5. A charged particle with

velocity v = xi + y j moves

metal plate X of surface area A, its surface charge

in a magnetic field B = yi + x j. The force acting on

density becomes s1. When an isolated identical

the particle has magnitude F. Which one of the

plate Y is brought close to X the surface charge

following statements is/are correct?

density on X becomes s2. When Y is earthed the

(a) No force will act on charged particle if x = y.

surface charge density on X becomes s3. Then

(b) If x > y, F (x2 y2).

Q Q

(c) If x > y, the force will act along z-axis. (a) s1 = (b) s1 =

(d) If y > x, the force will act along y-axis. A 2A

Q

6. One mole of an ideal gas is carried through a (c) s1 = s2 (d) s 3 =

thermodynamic cycle as shown in the figure. The A

10. An inductor of inductance 2 mH is connected

cycle consists of an isochoric, an isothermal and an

adiabatic processes. The adiabatic exponent of the across a charged capacitor of capacitance 5 mF and

gas is g. Choose the correct option(s). the resulting LC circuit is set oscillating at its natural

frequency. Let Q denote the instantaneous charge

Pressure (P)

on the capacitor and I the current in the circuit. It is

3P0 C found that the maximum value of Q is 200 mC.

P0 B (a) When Q = 100 mC, then the value of

P0 /2 A dI

= 104 A s1.

dt

Volume (V)

VC V0 (b) When Q = 200 mC, then the value of I = 2 A.

(c) Maximum value of I = 3 A.

ln 6 ln 5

(a) g = ln 3 (b) g =

ln 3

(d) When I is equal to one-half the maximum value

then the value of |Q| is 173 mC.

(c) BC is adiabatic (d) AC is adiabatic

Section-2

7. The torque on a body about a given point is found one integer Value correct Type

to be equal to A L where A is a constant vector,

This section contains 10 questions. Each question, when worked out

and L is the angular momentum of the body about will result in one integer from 0 to 9 (both inclusive).

that point. From this it follows that 11. Two identical steel cubes each of mass 50 g and side

dL 1 cm collide head-on face to face with a speed of

(a) is perpendicular to L at all instants of time.

dt 10 cm s1 each. The maximum compression of each

(b) the component of L in the direction of A does cube is n 107 m, then find n.

not change with time.

[Youngs modulus for steel = 2 1011 N m2]

(c) the magnitude of L does not change with time.

12. The internal energy of monatomic ideal gas is

(d) L does not change with time.

1.5 nRT. One mole of helium is kept in a cylinder

8. A metallic sphere of radius r remote from all other of cross-section 8.5 cm2. The cylinder is closed by a

bodies is irradiated with a radiation wavelength l light frictionless piston. The gas is heated slowly in

which is capable of causing photoelectric effect. a process during which a total of 42 J heat is given

Mark out the correct statement(s). to the gas. The temperature rises through 2C. The

(a) The maximum potential gained by the sphere distance moved by the piston is given as a 10b m

will be independent of its radius. in scientific notation. Find the value of a + b.

(b) The net positive charge appearing on the sphere 25

after a long time will depend on the radius of [Take R = in SI unit, atmospheric pressure

3

the sphere. = 100 kPa]

(c) The kinetic energy of the most energetic L, R

13. A coil of inductance L = 2 mH

electrons emanating from the sphere will keep

and resistance R = 1 W

declining with time.

is connected to a source

(d) The kinetic energy of the most energetic R0

of constant emf e = 3 V

electrons emanating from the sphere initially

as shown in the figure. S (r = 0)

will be independent of the radius of the sphere.

A resistance R0 = 2 W is connected in parallel with 18. Find the ratio of the fundamental tone frequencies

the coil. Find the amount of heat generated (in mJ) of two identical strings after one of them was

after the switch S is disconnected. stretched by n1 = 2% and the other by n2 = 9%. Also

14. A cylindrical wooden float whose base area is 4 m2 the tension is assumed to be proportional to the

and height 1 m drifts on the water surface in vertical elongation.

position. Density of wood is 500 kg m3 and that of 19. Electromagnetic radiation whose electric

water is 1000 kg m3. What minimum work (in kJ) component varies with time as E = C1(C2 + C3

must be performed to take the float out the water ? coswt) cosw0t, here C1, C2 and C3 are constants, is

15. Light of wavelength 627 nm illuminates two slits. incident on lithium and liberates photoelectrons.

The minimum path difference between the waves If the kinetic energy of most energetic electrons be

from the slits for the resultant intensity to fall to 2.6 eV, the work function of lithium is (in eV).

25% of the central maximum is (200 + n)nm. Find [Take : w0 = 2.4p 1015 rad s1 and w = 0.8p 1014

the value of n. rad s1, Planks constant h = 6.6 1034 MKS]

16. Consider two point masses m and lm located at

20. A thin rod of mass m and length 2l is placed

points, x = a and x = ma respectively. Assuming

horizontal and perpendicular to a horizontal rough

that the sum of the two masses is constant, what

nail, as shown in figure and set free. The point of

is the value of l for which the magnitude of the

contact of the rod with the nail is l/3 distance away

gravitational force is maximum?

from the centre of rod. If the rod starts slipping

17. A X-ray tube is working at a potential difference

when it forms an angle q with the horizontal and

of 20 kV. The potential difference is decreased to

the coefficient of friction of rod with nail is m, then

10 kV. It is found that difference of the wavelength

m

of Ka X-ray and the most energetic continuous find .

X-ray becomes 4 times of the difference prior to the tan q

change of voltage. The atomic number of the target

element is 11x. Find the value of x.

paper-2

only one option correct Type vertically with its lower end touching a weighing

This section contains 10 multiple choice questions. Each question has scale. The chain is released and falls freely onto the

four choices (a), (b), (c) and (d) out of which ONlY ONE is correct. scale. Neglecting the size of the individual links,

what is the reading of the scale when a length x of

1. What is the minimum attainable pressure of the gas the chain has fallen?

in the process T = T0 + aV2, where T0 and a are the

positive constants, and V is the volume of one mole? Mgx 2Mgx

(a) (b)

(a) 2Ra T0 (b) 2R aT0 l l

3Mgx 4Mgx

(c) R 2aT0 (d) 0 (c) (d)

l l

2. The differential equation of charging of a capacitor 4. A point mass m is suspended at the end of massless

is as given below : wire of length L and cross-sectional area A. If Y is

1 dq the Youngs modulus of elasticity of the material of

+ K 2q = K 3

K1 dt wire. The frequency of simple harmonic motion

The time constant and steady state charge are along the vertical line is

respectively

1 A 1 YA2

1 1 K (a) (b)

(a) and K 3 (b) and 3 2p mLY 2 p mL3

K1 K1 K 2 K2

K2 1 K 1 YA 1 YL

(c) and K 2 K 3 (d) and 3 (c) (d)

K1 K1 K 2 K1 2p mL 2p m

5. A curved rectangular bar forms a resistor. The

curved sides are concentric circular arcs. If r is the S

resistivity of the material of bar, l0 is the length of a a

inner arc of radius r0, (r0 + b) is the radius of the X

outer arc, and a is the width of the bar. The electric 10 I

resistance of the bar across its rectangular ends is (a) I (b)

9

rl0 rl0 9I

(a) (b) (c) (d) 2 I

ar0 b 10

ar0 ln 1 +

r0 10. Inside a long straight uniform wire of round cross-

2rl0 section there is a long round cylindrical cavity

(c) (d) None of these whose axis is parallel to the axis of the wire and

b

ar0 ln 1 + displaced from latter by a distance d. If a direct

r0

current of density J flows along the wire, then

6. A 4 kg block is placed on top of a long magnetic field inside the cavity will be

12 kg block, which is accelerating along a smooth 1

horizontal table at a = 5.2 m s2 under application (a) 0 (b) m0 J d

2

of an external constant force. Let minimum 3

coefficient of friction between the two blocks which (c) m0 J d (d) m0 J d

2

will prevent the 4 kg block from sliding is m0 and

coefficient of friction between blocks is only half of Section-2

this minimum value (i.e., m0/2). Find the amount comprehension Type (only one option correct)

of heat generated due to sliding between the two This section contains 3 paragraphs, each describing theory,

blocks during the time in which 12 kg block moves experiments, data etc. Six questions relate to the three paragraphs

with two questions on each paragraph. Each question has only one

10 m starting from rest. correct answer among the four given options (a), (b), (c) and (d).

4 kg

a = 5.2 m s2 Paragraph for questions 11 and 12

12 kg

smooth A thin ring of radius R metres is placed in x-y plane

(a) 26 J (b) 12 J such that its centre lies on origin. The half ring in region

(c) 52 J (d) 48 J x < 0 carries uniform linear charge density +lC m1 and

the remaining half ring in region x > 0 carries uniform

7. What should be the minimum value of refractive

linear charge density lC m1.

index of a prism of refractive angle A, so that there is

no emergent ray irrespective of angle of incidence ?

y

++++

A A +++

(a) sin (b) cos +

2 2

++++ +++++

A A

(c) cosec (d) sec

++

2 2 x x

8. A particle is projected from the origin in such a +

++

+

++

minimum required speed to do so is ++ +

+

(a) bg (b) ag

y

(c) ag + g a2 + b2 (d) bg + g a2 + b2 11. The electric potential (in volts) at point P whose

R

coordinates are (0 m, + m) is

9. A point source of light S is placed in front of a 2

perfect reflecting mirror as shown in the figure. 1 l

(a) (b) 0

X is a screen. The intensity at the centre of screen 4 pe0 2

is found to be I. If the mirror is removed, then the 1 l

(c) (d) cannot be determined

intensity at the centre of screen would be 4 pe0 4

physics for you | april 15 35

12. The dipole moment of the ring in C m is 15. The time taken for the light to go from the point A

(a) (2 pR2 l)i (b) (2 pR2 l)i to the point B in the figure is

a sin i b sin r

(c) (4 R l)i (d) (4 R2 l)i

2

(a) (b)

v1 v2

Paragraph for questions 13 and 14

A fixed thermally conducting v2a sin r a sec i b sec r

(c) (d) +

cylinder has a radius R and v1b sin r v1 v2

height L0. The cylinder is 16. The slope of i r curve is

open at its bottom and has a

small hole at its top. A piston b cos2 i a cos r

(a) 2

(b)

of mass M at a distance L from a cos r b cos i

the top surface is as shown in a sin2 r a tan i

(c) (d)

the figure. The atmospheric 2

b sin i b tan r

pressure is P0.

Section-3

13. The piston is now pulled out slowly and held at Matching List Type (only one option correct)

a distance 2L from the top. The pressure in the This section contains four questions, each having two matching lists.

cylinder between its top and the piston will then Choices for the correct combination of elements from List-I and List-II

be are given as options (a), (b), (c) and (d), out of which one is correct.

P0 17. In case of motion of a particle of mass m in a vertical

(a) P0 (b)

2 circle of radius r with the help of a string, velocity at

P0 Mg P0 Mg lowest point is v0. Assume the vertical distance of

(c) + (d)

2 pR 2 2 pR2 any said point from lowest point to be h. Match the

Column I and Column II.

14. While the piston is at a distance 2L from the top, the

hole at the top is sealed. The piston is then released, Column I Column II

to a position where it can stay in equilibrium. In

P. Tension in the 1. 2 mg

this condition, the distance of the piston from the

string at any point

top is

Q. Minimum value of 2. 6 mg

2P pR2 P pR2 Mg

(a) 0

(2L) (b) 0 2

v0 for looping the

2 (2L)

pR P0 + Mg pR P0 loop

0 0 5gr

(c) (2 L ) (d) 2 (2L)

2

pR P0 pR P0 Mg tensions at the

lowest and the

Paragraph for questions 15 and 16 highest points

A ray of light goes from point A in a medium where the

speed of light is v1 to a point B in a medium where the S. Difference of 4. m 2

tensions at the (v 3 gh + gr )

speed of light is v2 as shown in the figure. The path of r 0

the rays in the two is shown in figure. lowest and the

highest points in

A l

case the motion is

i uniform

v1 a 1

i

X O Code :

P X

Q (a) P - 4, Q - 3, R - 2, S - 1

r

2

v2 b (b) P - 1, Q - 3, R - 4, S - 2

r (c) P - 2, Q - 3, R - 1, S - 4

B

(d) P - 3, Q - 2, R - 4, S - 1

18. Match the quantities given in Column-I with their S. Speed of image of bird 4. 3 cm s1

values given in Column-II. relative to the fish

Column I Column II looking downwards in

the mirror

P. nthorbital radius in 1.

e2 Code :

Bohr model

2 0 nh (a) P - 4, Q - 1, R - 2, S - 3

(b) P - 1, Q - 2, R - 4, S - 3

Q. nth orbital speed in 2. me 4 (c) P - 3, Q - 1, R - 2, S - 4

Bohr model 8 20 n2h2 (d) P - 3, Q - 4, R - 1, S - 2

20. A network consisting of three resistors, three batteries,

R. nth orbital total 3.

me 4 and a capacitor is shown in figure.

energy in Bohr A B C

model 4 20 n2h2

3

S. nth orbital potential 4. 0 n2h2 5 10 V 4

5 F

energy in Bohr 2

model pme 8V

F E D

Code : 12 V

(a) P - 4, Q - 1, R - 2, S - 3 Column I Column II

(b) P - 1, Q - 3, R - 4, S - 2

P. Current in branch EB is 1. 2 A

(c) P - 2, Q - 3, R - 1, S - 4

Q. Current in branch CB is 2. 1.5 A

(d) P - 3, Q - 2, R - 4, S - 1

R. Current in branch AF is 3. 0.5 A

19. A bird in air is diving vertically over a tank with

speed 6 cm s1. Base of tank is silvered. A fish in the S. Current in branch EC is 4. 0 A

tank is rising upward along the same line with speed Code :

4 cm s1. Water level is falling at rate of 2 cm s1. (a) P - 4, Q - 1, R - 2, S - 3

(Take : m (water) = 4/3) (b) P - 2, Q - 1, R - 4, S - 3

(c) P - 2, Q - 3, R - 1, S - 4

(d) P - 3, Q - 2, R - 1, S - 4

SolutionS

PaPer-1

1. (a,b,d) : Applying energy conservation principle,

increase in KE of charged bead + decrease in

electrostatic potential energy = 0

1 2 p cos q

mv + Q =0

2 2

4 pe0r

Column I Column II

P. Speed of the image of 1. 12 cm s1 2Qp cos q p

or v= q p

fish as seen by the bird 4 pe0mr 2 2

directly

Circular motion of bead requires a centripetal

Q. Speed of the image of fish 2. 4 cm s1

force.

formed after reflection

V 2 p cos q

from the mirror as seen Er = =

by the bird r 4 pe0r 3

R. Speed of image of bird 3. 9 cm s1 mv 2

2 pQ cos q

\ QEr = =

relative to the fish 4 p 0 r 3 r

looking upwards thus wire frame does not exert any force on the bead

to sustain circular motion. Bead will reach the point 4. (a,b,d) : Just before collision, the total energy of two

opposite its starting position and then repeatedly satellites is,

retrace its path executing a periodic motion. GMm GMm GMm

4

E= =

2. (a,b) : Radiant power of body A = eAsTAA 2r 2r r

4 Let orbital velocity be v, then from momentum

Radiant power of body B = eBsTB A conservation,

The two powers are equal. mv mv = 2m v1

\ eB sTB4 A = e A sTA4 A v1 = 0

As velocity of combined mass just after collision

e 4 0.01 4 is zero, the combined mass will fall towards earth.

or TB4 = A TA4 or TB = (5802)

eB 0 . 81 At this instant, the total energy of the system only

1

4 4

5802 consists of the gravitational potential energy given

or TB4 = (5802)4 or TB = = 1934 K GM 2m

3 3 by U =

r

\ Option (a) is correct.

5. (a, b, c) : If x = y, then v || B, i.e., F = 0.

According to Wiens displacement law,

lT = constant \ lATA = lBTB F = q(x 2 y 2 )k

l T l 1934 1 If x > y, the force is along z-axis.

or A = B or A = = or l B = 3lA

lB TA lB 5802 3 6. (a, d) : For isothermal process PV = constant and

Given : lB lA = 1.0 106 m for adiabatic process PV g = constant where g > 1.

or 3lA lA = 106 or 2lA = 106 First we assume that BC is isothermal and CA is

or lA = 0.5 106 m adiabatic.

\ lB = 3 0.5 106 = 1.5 106 m V

Hence option (b) is correct. P0V0 = 3P0VC VC = 0 [for process BC]

3

g

3. (a,d) : After 1st collision between the 2 balls V0 P0 g ln 6

and 3P0 = V0 g = [for process CA]

v1 v2 3 2 ln 3

m 2m Now, we assume that process BC is adiabatic and

CA is isothermal.

mv1 +2mv2 = mu ...(i) PV V

v2 v1 1 u 3P0VC = 0 0 VC = 0 [for process CA]

and = v2 v1 = ...(ii) 2 6

0u 2 2 g

u V

From (i) and (ii), v2 = , v1 = 0 and 3P0 0 = P0V0g 6 g = 3 [for process BC]

2 6

After collision of ball B with wall,

ln 3

direction of velocity is interchanged only. g= < 1[not possible]

ln 6

Finally after collision of balls v1 v2 ln 6

u Hence, process AC is adiabatic and g =

mv1 + 2mv2 = 2m m 2m ln 3

2

v1 + 2v2 = u ...(iii) dL

7. (a,b,c) : = A L i.e., = AL

v v dt

1

Also 1 2 = This relation implies that

dL

is perpendicular to

u 2

0 dt

2

u A and L. Therefore, option (a) is correct.

v1 v2 = ...(iv)

4 L L = L2

From (iii) and (iv), Differentiating with respect to time, we get

u u

v2 = , v1 = dL dL dL dL dL

4 2 L + L = 2L 2 L. = 2L

\ Speeds of A and B after all possible collisions, dt dt dt dt dt

u u u dL dL

vA = 0, ; vB = , Since L so, L. =0

2 2 4 dt dt

dL 1

Therefore = 0 and hence L does not change with = = 104 s 1

dt (2 10 3

H)(5 10 6

F)

time. So option (c) is correct.

Since L is not changing with time, therefore it is Let at t = 0, Q = Q0 then,

the case when direction of L is changing but its Q(t) = Q0 cos(wt) ...(i)

magnitude is constant and is perpendicular to L

dQ

at all points. I (t ) = = Q0 w sin(wt ) and ...(ii)

dt

8. (a,b,c,d) : Maximum potential will be equal to the

stopping potential which depends on l and nature dI (t )

= Q0 w2 cos(wt ) ...(iii)

of material. dt

Q

As V =

kQ

Q =

rV When Q = 100 mC = 0

r k 2

Since V and k are constant, maximum positive 1

cos(wt ) = , (from eqn. (i))

charge appearing depends on r. 2

dI 1

As the sphere gets charged (which goes on \ = (2 104 C)(104 s 1 )2

dt 2

increasing), it applies a force on the emanating

electrons thus reduces the velocity of emanating dI

= 104 A s 1

electrons. dt

Initially the sphere is uncharged, thus KEmax of When Q = 200 mC = Q0,

emanating electron is independent of radius of cos(wt) = 1, i.e., wt = 0, 2p...

sphere. At this time, I(t) = Q0wsin(wt)

9. (b, c, d) : Initially charge Q will be Q I(t) = 0 (sin0 = sin2p = 0)

+ +

distributed uniformly on plate X of + + I(t) = Q0wsin(wt)

+ +

surface area A, a plate has 2 surfaces. + + The maximum value of I is Q0w

+ +

Q +

+

+

+ Imax = Q0w = (2 104 C)(104 s1) = 2 A

s

\ 1 2A =

X (d) From energy conservation,

As plate Y is brought closer, the charge is induced 1 2 1 1 Q2

on it but there is no effect on the plate X. LI max = LI 2 +

2 2 2 C

Q

Charge on outer surface of X =

2 Q = LC(I 2max I 2 )

distribution of charges on X is

I

+ +

Q/2

+Q/2

For I = max = 1 A, we get

Q + + + 2

+ + +

s2 = = s1 Q/2 ++ X + Q/2 Y +

2A +

+

+

+

+

Q = (2 103 )(5 106 )(22 12 )

+ + +

When Y is earthed, the new charge distribution Q = 3 104 C =1.732 104 C 173 mC

will be as shown in the figure +

+ F DL

Q + 11. (5) : From Hookes law : =Y where A is the

\ s3 = X + Y A L

+

A + surface area and L is length of the side of the cube.

+

If k is spring or compression constant, then F = kDL

A

10. (a, d) : The charge stored L = 2 mH \ k = Y = YL

L

in the capacitor oscillates

1 2 4

simple harmonically. Initial KE = 2 mv = 5 10 J

2

Here Q0 = maximum value

of charge 1 2

C = 5 F Final PE = 2 k(DL)

= 200 mC = 2 104 C 2

1 KE KE 5 104

and w = \ DL = = = = 5 107 m

k YL 11

LC 2 10 0.01

12. (1) : The change in internal energy of the gas is

rSgh2 rSgh2

25 W = mgh = (rSh) gh

DU = 1.5nR(DT) = 1.5 1 2 = 25 J 2 2

3

The heat given to the gas = 42 J 2

rSgh2 rSg dH Sgd 2 H 2

The work done by the gas is = = =

2 2 r 2r

DW = DQ DU = 42 J 25 J =17 J

If the distance moved by the piston is x, the work Here S = 4 m2, H = 1 m, d = 500 kg m3,

done is DW = (100 kPa)(8.5 cm2)x and r = 1000 kg m3

Thus, (105 N m2 )(8.5 104 m2)x = 17 J Putting these values, we get

or x = 0.2 m = 2 101m W = 5 kJ

13. (3) : Initially, after a steady current is set up, the f

15. (9) : As I = I0 cos2 ,

current, flowing is as shown. 2

e e I

In steady condition I20 = , I10 = Here I = 0

R R0 4

When the switch is R

L

disconnected, the f 1 f p 2p

\ cos = = f =

current through R0 I2 2 2 2 3 3

changes from I10 to

I I1 R0 Dx 2p 627

the right to I20 to the or 2p = Dx = nm

left. l 3 3

(The current in the inductance cannot change Dx = 209 nm = (200 + 9)nm

suddenly). We then have the equation, Gm1m2

16. (1) : Gravitational force, F =

dI

L 2 + (R + R0 )I2 = 0 r2

dt

Here, m1 = m, m2 = lm, r = ma a = a(m 1)

This equation has the solution I2 = I20e t (R + R0 )/ L

Also, m1 + m2 = constant (C)

The heat dissipated in the coil is,

C

m + lm = C; m = .

Q = I22 Rdt = I20

2

R e 2t (R + R0 )/ L dt (1 + l)

0 0 Gm2 l GC 2 l

So, F = =

2 L Le2 2

a (m 1)2

a (m 1) (1 + l)2

2 2

= RI20 = = 3 mJ

2(R + R0 ) 2R(R + R0 )

dF GC 2 (1 + l)2 1 l 2(1 + l)

=

14. (5) : Applying Newtons law in vertical direction d l a2 (m 1)2 (1 + l)4

initially

dF

mg = FB For F to be maximum, =0

a=0 dl

h

\ (1 + l)2 2l(1 + l) = 0

dH or (1 + l)(1 + l 2l) = 0

dSH g = rSh g h =

r or (1 + l)(1 l) = 0 \ l=1 ( l 1)

Now when force F is applied, for minimum work 4 hc

17. (5) : l K = and l min =

a=0 a

3R(Z 1) 2 eV

( for a = 0, F is minimum)

As per question,

F

l min(10 kV) l K = 4 (l min(20 kV) l K )

a a

a=0 hc 4 1 4

x 20 10 = 3

3

e 10 3R(Z 1)2

F mg + rSxg = 0; F = mg rSxg

On solving, we get Z = 55

W = Fdx = (mg rSxg )dx = mg dx rSg xdx

\ x=5

18. (2) : Frequency of stretched wire is given by Angular acceleration of rod at an angle q

1 T 1 Tl m N

u= =

2l m 2l m m = l

Here, Fr

For the first wire, new length l1 = l + n1l

new tension, T1 = an1 l mg

New frequency of first wire

1 (an1l )(l + n1l ) l

u1 = mg cos q

3

2(l + n1l ) m a=

(4 / 9)ml 2

Similarly,

(an2l )(l + n2l ) 3g

1 a= cos q

u2 = 4 l

2(l + n2l ) m

and linear acceleration of centre of mass

u2 (1 + n1 ) n2 (1 + n2 ) l

\ = From pure rolling, a = a

u1 (1 + n2 ) n1 (1 + n1 ) 3

g

thus a = cos q

n2 (1 + n1 ) 0.09 (1 + 0.02) 4

= = = 2.05

n1 (1 + n2 ) 0.02 (1 + 0.09) Also mg cosq N = ma

2 3mg

N= cos q ...(ii)

19. (4) : The given wave is superposition of 3 waves 4

F m

with frequency, w0, w + w0, w0 w Now, m = r = 2 tan q; = 2.

N tan q

wmax = (w0 + w)

(w0 + w) PaPer-2

\ Emax = humax = h

2p

1. (b) : T = T0 + a V2

Now, humax = KEmax + f

R2T 2

h T = T0 + a (as, V = RT/ P for one mole of gas)

f= (w + w) KEmax P2

2p 0

R2T 2 aR2T 2

6.6 10 34

(2.4 p + 0.8 p) 10 15 or, a = T T0 or, P 2 =

= eV 2.6 eV P2 T T0

2p 19

1.6 10

or, P = a RT (T T0 )1/2 ...(i)

= 4 eV

20. (2) : Till the rod does not slip, the centre of mass of After differentiating, we get,

the rod is in circular motion around the nail. dP 1

= a R (T T0 )1/2 T (T T0 )3/2

Thus from conservation of energy dT 2

l 1 dP

mg sin q = I w2 Condition for minimum pressure, =0

3 2 dT

4ml 2 ml 2 4ml 2 1

where I = + = \ aR (T T0 )1/2 T (T T0 )3/2 = 0

12 9 9 2

3g 1

thus w = sin q or, (T T0 ) T = 0.

2l 2

l 2 or, T = 2T0 ...(ii)

Now, m w = Fr mg sin q ...(i)

3 From (i) and (ii), we get,

3

or Fr = mg sin q Pmin = a R.2T0 (2T0 T0 )1/2 = 2R aT0

2

2. (b) : Consider the circuit +q q This force is acting upward in the equilibrium state.

q R If the mass is pulled down a little through a distance

e IR = 0 C

C x, such that the total extension in the string is

(l + x), then force in wire acting upwards is

dq I

and I = YA(l + x )

dt =

L

dq and downward force is F = mg. The restoring force

eC = RC + q

dt is the net downward force.

dq Restoring force

RC + q = eC

dt YA YAl YA YAx

= mg (l + x ) = (l + x ) =

q = eC(1 e t /RC ) = q0 (1 e

t / RC

) ...(i) L L L L

Force YAx

1 dq \ Acceleration of the mass = =

Comparing eqn. (i) with + K 2 q = K 3, mass mL

K1 dt

1 K YA 1 YA

we get = , q0 = 3 \ w= = 2 pu or u=

K1 K 2 K2 mL 2 p mL

}

5. (b) : Let us consider an elemental portion of the

M

3. (c) : Mass per unit length, l = . resistor. The element considered is a circular arc

l x

of radius r and thickness dr. The resistance of this

The descending part of the chain element would be

is in free fall, also its every point r rq

has descended by a distance x. dR = a

adr b

So, speed of each point, v = 2 gx l0

here l0 = r0q

Assume a very small distance dx

falls in a short internal of time dt. rr l0 r0

So, dR =

Normal exerted on the falling part, ar0 dr

O

dp (0 (ldx )v )

N = x = dx v

If we divide the entire resistor in these elemental

dt dt portions, then these elemental resistors are joined

= lv2 = l(2gx) = 2lgx in parallel, equivalent resistance of which is given by

Normal due to x part of the chain on the weighing 1 1 r0 +b ar0dr ar0 r +b

machine, N = lgx = = = ln 0

R dR r rl0r rl0 r0

Reading of the scale W = N + N = 3lgx 0

3Mgx rl0

= R=

l b

ar0 ln 1 +

4. (c) : Let l be the increase in the length of the wire r0

due to the force F = mg. 6. (c) : First assume that blocks have common

Then acceleration, for both blocks to move together

F l

Stress = , Strain = acceleration of 4 kg block must be 5.2 m s2.

A L

Stress mgL YlA 4 kg

f

Y= = \ F = mg = f

a = 5.2 m s2

Strain lA L 12 kg

a = 5.2 m s2

\ f = 4 5.2 kg m s2

or m0mg = m(5.2 m s2)

F m0 = 0.52

m 1

x If m = (0.52) = 0.26, the acceleration of 4 kg block

2

mg due to friction is a1 = mg = 2.6 m s2

As there is relative motion between blocks Thus Discriminant 0

1 i.e., 4a2u4 4ga2(ga2 + 2bu2) 0

Srel = urel t + arel t 2 or u4 2gbu2 g2a2 0

2

arel = a1 a = 2.6 5.2 = 2.6 m s2, or u4 2gbu2 + b2g2 b2g2 + a2g2

or (u2 bg)2 (b2 + a2)g2

1 2

\ Srel = (2.6)t

2 or u bg + g a2 + b2

Time of motion can be determined from motion of

lower block. \ umin = bg + g a2 + b2

1 9. (c) : Let the power of light source be P, then intensity

For 12 kg block, S = (5.2)t 2 = 10 m (given)

2 at any point on the screen is due to light rays directly

20

t= s received from source and that due to after reflection

5. 2 from the mirror

\ Srel = 5 m P P

Work done by friction is given by I= +

2

4 pa 4 p (3a)2

Wf = mmgSrel = 0.26 4 10 (5) = 52 J

\ Heat generated = 52 J P 1 P 10

= 1 + 9 =

7. (c) : If the ray just emerges from face AC, 4 pa 2

4 pa2 9

e = 90 and r2 = C ...(i) When mirror is taken away,

From Snells law at face AB, we have P 9I

1sini = nsinr1 ...(ii) I1 = =

2 10

4 pa

and A = r1 + r2 = r1 + C ...(iii)

From eqn. (ii) n is minimum when r1 is maximum, 10. (b) : From Amperes law, B dl = m0 J ds

i.e., r1 = C. In this case i = 90.

A Inside the conductor at a distance r from its axis

B(2pr) = m0 J(pr2)

1 1

B = m0 Jr or B = m0 J r

2 2

i 90 Now, conductor has cavity so we can assume that

r1 r2 = C current in it is the superposition of positive current

and negative current (in place of cavity).

B C M

From eqn. (iii), A = 2C or C = A/2 P

1 A 1 O d

From eqn. (ii), sin C = ; sin =

n 2 n

A

\ n = cosec

2 Required magnetic field at point M

8. (d) : Equation of trajectory of a particle is BN = Magnetic field at M due to whole conductor

gx 2 Magnetic field at M due to cavity shaped

y = x tan a conductor

2u2 cos2 a 1

1

If projectile passes through the point(a, b), BN = m0 ( J OM ) m0 ( J PM )

2 2

ga2 ga2 1 1

b = a tan a = a tan a (1 + tan2 a) = m0 J (OM PM ) = m0 J d .

2 2 2

2u cos a 2u 2 2

or ga2tan2a 2au2tana + (ga2

+ 2bu2) = 0 11. (b) : Consider two small elements of ring having

This quadratic equation in tan a must give real roots charges +dq and dq symmetrically located about

for a particle to pass through (a, b). y-axis.

y Mg + P(pR2) = P0pR2

+dq ++++ dq Also, P0(2LpR2) = P(xpR2)

++

++ P pR 2

0

\ x= ( 2 L)

++++ +++++

2

P0 pR Mg

d d

++

x x 15. (d) : Total time taken = time taken (t1) from A to

+ O in medium 1 + time taken (t2) from O to B in

++

medium 2.

++

++ + A

+

y a

The potential due to this pair at any point on i

O Q

y-axis is zero. The sum of potential due to all such P r

possible pairs is zero at all points on y-axis. Hence

R b

potential at P 0, is zero.

2

B

12. (c) : Consider two small elements of ring having

charge + dq and dq as shown in figure. AO a sec i

t1 = =

y v1 v1

++++ dq BO b sec r

+++ t2 = =

+ v2 v2

++++ +++++

d

a sec i b sec r

t = t1 + t2 = +

++

x x

v1 v2

++

dt

+

16. (a) : To optimize time, =0

+

++

+dq

++ +

+ dr

d a sec i b sec r

y + =0

dr v1 v2

The pair constitutes a dipole moment.

dp = dq 2R a sec i tan i di b sec r tan r

The net dipole moment of system is vector sum + =0

v1 dr v2

of dipole moments of all such pairs of elementary

charges. di b sec r tan r v1

=

By symmetry the resultant dipole moment is along dr v2 a sec i tan i

negative x-direction.

\ Net dipole moment b v sin r cos2 i

= 1

+ p /2 a v2 sin i cos2 r

p = (dp cos q)i

p /2 b m m cos2 i b cos2 i

+ p /2 = 2 1 =

= (2 lR2 cos qdq)i = 4 R2 li a m1 m2 cos2 r a cos2 r

p /2

13. (a) 17. (a) : P 4, Q 3, R 2, S 1

14. (d) Let the pressure of

18. (a) : P 4, Q 1, R 2, S 3

the trapped air at the

equilibrium be P. Draw 19. (d) : P 3, Q 4, R 1, S 2

the forces on the piston.

For the equilibrium 20. (c) : P 2, Q 3, R 1, S 4

of the piston,

physics for you | april 15 45

BRAIN WAVES

Wave Motion

t x 2n

y = A sin2p + = A sin (vt + x) v

T l l s1 = =u

2L

t x

f = 2p + + f 0

T l

nv

2L

2n

Df = Dt.

T

v

s1 = =u

2n 4L

Df = Dx. Stationary Waves

l

dy 2nA t x

u= = cos 2p +

dt T T l C

i + h

v= 3

r

2n A

u0 = = wA

T

v

; u = n

r

du 4n 2 t x 2(l + 1.2 r)

a= = - 2 A sin2p +

dt T T l

v

i u = n

= 4(l + 0.6 r)

r

4n 2

a0 = A = w2A i x ~ P Stationary Waves

T2 v= = .

r r

nv n T

s= =

k ps xp eP 2L 2L m

v= = ,

T r r

v; ,

m

1 u 2 A2 k 2p2 k 2 2 P0Av P02

I= = A v = =

2 v v 2k 2r v

v 1 T

s0 = = ,

1 u 2 A2T 2L 2L m

=

4 v

1 u 2 A2T 1

Pav = = 2p2mvA2 u2 v

2 v r

v2 p1

= 1

v1 r2 n+

1 v 2 T

Stationary Waves v T u = n + =

2 2L 2L m

vt T 273 ) t

= =

v0 T0 273

v 1 T

s0 = =

4L 4L m

Stationary Waves

2n x 2pt v v m v o

y = 2 A sin cos u = u

l T v v m }v s

j 3l v v o

x = 0, , l, .... u = u

2 2 v }v s

j 3l 5l

x= , , ...

4 4 4

Target

AIPMT

1. A car starts from station and moves along the

horizontal road by a machine delivering constant

power. The distance covered by the car in time t is

Practice Paper

5. If the position vector of a particle is given by :

r = (4 cos 2 t ) i + (4 sin 2 t )j + (6t ) k m, its acceleration

at t = p/4 s in m s2 is

proportional to

(a) t2 (b) t3/2 (c) t2/3 (d) t3 (a) 16 i (b) 16 k (c) 16 j (d) 16 (i + j)

2. The dimensions of a rectangular block measured 6. Three identical blocks, each having a mass m are

with callipers having least count of 0.01 cm are pushed by a force F on a frictionless table as shown

5 mm 10 mm 5 mm. The maximum percentage in figure. (i) What is the acceleration of the blocks?

error in the measurement of the volume of the

F A B C

block is

(a) 5% (b) 10% (c) 15% (d) 20%

(ii) What is the net force on the block A? (iii) What

3. The figure shows the velocity (v) of a particle plotted force does A apply on B? (iv) What force does B

against time (t). apply on C?

(i) (ii) (iii) (iv)

B

(a) F/3m F/3 2F/3 F/3

10 (b) F/4m F/3 2F/3 F/3

(c) F/3m F/4 2F/3 F/3

0

O D C

t (s)

(d) F/3m F/3 2F/4 F/3

T 2T

7. A large plane sheet of charge having surface charge

density 5.0 1016 C m2 lies in the X-Y plane.

10 A The electric flux through a circular area of radius

0.1 m, if the normal to the circular area makes an

Mark out the incorrect statement.

angle of 60 with the Z-axis is

(a) The displacement of the particle in time 2T is zero.

[Given : e0 = 8.85 1012 C2 N1 m2.]

(b) The initial and final speeds of the particle are

(a) 4.44 107 N m2 C1

the same.

(b) 3.33 107 N m2 C1

(c) The acceleration of the particle remains constant

(c) 2.22 107 N m2 C1

throughout the motion.

(d) 1.11 107 N m2 C1

(d) The particle does not change its direction of

motion. 8. A 4 mF capacitor is charged by a 200 V supply. It is

then disconnected from the supply and is connected

4. Two stones having different masses m1 and m2

to another uncharged 2 mF capacitor. How much

are projected at angles q and (90 q) with same

electrostatic energy of the first capacitor is lost in

velocity from the same point. The ratio of their

the form of heat and electromagnetic radiation?

maximum heights is

(a) 2.67 102 J (b) 3.67 102 J

(a) 1 : 1 (b) 1 : tan q 4

(c) 2.67 10 J (d) 5.67 104 J

(c) tan q : 1 (d) tan2q : 1

48 Physics For you | april 15

9. The equivalent resistance of the arrangement of 15. Two pendulums of length 1 m and 16 m start

resistances shown in the given figure between vibrating one behind the other from the same stand.

points P and Q is At some instant, the two are in the mean position

8

in the same phase. The time period of shorter

pendulum is T. The minimum time after which the

16 20

two threads of the pendulum will be one behind the

16 other is

P Q (a) T/4 (b) T/3 (c) 4T/3 (d) 4T

9 16. A denotes the cross-sectional area of a cubical tank,

6

h the depth of an orifice of area of cross-section a,

18

below the liquid surface. The velocity of the liquid

flowing through the orifice is

(a) 6 W (b) 8 W (c) 24 W (d) 16 W

A2

10. A long solenoid carrying a current produces a (a) 2gh (b) 2 gh 2 2

magnetic field B along its axis. If the current is A a

doubled and the number of turns per cm is halved,

then new value of the magnetic field is A A2 a 2

(c) 2gh (d) 2 gh

(a) B (b) 2B (c) 4B (d) B/2

Aa A2

11. A Carnot engine operates with a source at 500 K 17. The electric potential V at any point (x, y, z) in space

and sink at 375 K. Engine consumes 600 kcal of is given by V = 4x2 V. The electric field at the point

heat per cycle. The heat rejected to sink per cycle is (1 m, 0, 2 m) in V m1 is

(a) 250 kcal (b) 350 kcal

(c) 450 kcal (d) 550 kcal (a) 8i (b) + 8i (c) 16i (d) 16 k

12. A wire of cross section 4 mm2 is stretched by 18. A convex lens of focal length f is placed somewhere

0.1 mm by a certain weight. How far will the wire of in between an object and a screen. The distance

same material and length but of area 8 mm2 stretch between object and screen is x. If numerical value

under the action of same force? of magnification produced by lens is m, focal length

(a) 0.05 mm (b) 0.10 mm of lens is

(c) 0.15 mm (d) 0.20 mm mx mx

(a) (b)

13. A light particle moving horizontally with a speed (m +1)2 (m 1)2

of 12 m s1 strikes a very heavy block moving in

the same direction at 10 m s1. The collision is one (m +1)2 (m 1)2

(c) x (d) x

dimensional and elastic. After the collision, the m m

particle will 19. A transformer with efficiency 80% works at 4 kW

and 100 V. If the secondary voltage is 200 V, then the

12 m s1 10 m s1 primary and secondary currents are respectively

(a) 40 A, 16 A (b) 16 A, 40 A

(c) 20 A, 40 A (d) 40 A, 20 A

(a) move at 2 m s1 in its original direction 20. The coefficient of friction between the ground and

(b) move at 8 m s1 in its original direction the wheels of a car moving on a horizontal road is

(c) move at 8 m s1 opposite to its original 0.5. If the car starts from rest, what is the minimum

direction distance in which it can acquire a speed of

(d) move at 12 m s1 opposite to its original 72 km h1 without slipping? (Take g = 10 m s2).

direction. (a) 10 m (b) 20 m (c) 30 m (d) 40 m

14. A satellite is placed in a circular orbit around earth 21. A block of mass 2 kg initially at rest is dropped

at such a height that it always remains stationary from a height of 1 m into a vertical spring having

with respect to earth surface. In such case, its height force constant 490 N m1. The maximum distance

from the earth surface is through which the spring will be compressed, is

(a) 32000 km (b) 36000 km (a) 0.11 m (b) 0.33 m

(c) 3400 km (d) 4800 km (c) 0.22 m (d) 0.44 m

22. A body of mass m is raised to a height h from the 29. Two cells of same emf e but of different internal

surface of the earth where the acceleration due resistances r1 and r2 are connected in series with an

to gravity is g. If R is the radius of the earth and external resistance R. The potential drop across the

h << R, then the loss in weight due to variation in first cell is found to be zero. The external resistance

g is approximately R is

2mgh 2mgR (a) r1 + r2 (b) r1 r2

mgR mgh

(a) (b) (c) (d) (c) r2 r1 (d) r21/ r2

R h h R

23. The earths magnetic field at a given point is 30. A certain gas at atmospheric pressures is compressed

0.5 105 Wb m2. This field is to be annulled by adiabatically so that its volume becomes half of its

magnetic induction at the centre of a circular loop original volume. The resulting pressure in N m2 is

of radius 5 cm. The current required to be flown in (Take g = 1.4 for air)

the loop is nearly (a) 1.013 103 (2)1.4 (b) 1.013 105 (2)1.4

(a) 0.2 A (b) 0.4 A (c) 4 A (d) 40 A 1.013 105 1.013 103

(c) (d)

24. A railway track running north-south has two (2)1.4 (2)1.4

parallel rails 1.0 m apart. If the horizontal

31. In the given figure, when galvanometer shows

component of earths magnetic field at that place is

no deflection the current flowing through 5 W

0.3 104 Wb m2 and angle of dip is 60, the value

resistance will be

of induced emf between the rails, when a train

passes at a speed of 90 km h1is B

(a) 1.3 103 V (b) 5.2 104 V 8 2

3

(c) 5.2 10 V (d) 1.3 104 V 2.1 A

G

25. The primary and secondary coils of a transformer A C

have 50 and 1500 turns respectively. If the magnetic 20 5

flux f linked with the primary coil is given by D

f = f0 + 4t, where f is in weber, t is time in second

(a) 0.5 A (b) 0.6 A (c) 1.5 A (d) 2.0 A

and f0 is a constant, the output voltage across the

secondary coil is 32. A current of 5.0 A is passed through the coil of a

(a) 90 V (b) 120 V (c) 220 V (d) 30 V galvanometer having 500 turns and each turn has

an average area of 3 104 m2. If a torque of 1.5 N

26. Electromagnetic waves travel in a medium which

m is required for this coil carrying same current to

has relative permeability 1.3 and relative permittivity

set it parallel to a magnetic field, the strength of the

2.14. Then the speed of the electromagnetic wave in

magnetic field is

the medium will be

(a) 20 T (b) 25 T (c) 23 T (d) 21 T

(a) 3.6 106 m s1 (b) 1.8 102 m s1

8

(c) 3.6 10 m s 1 (d) 1.8 108 m s1 33. Water is boiled in flat bottom kettle placed on a

stove. The area of the bottom is 3000 cm2 and the

27. In a common emitter amplifier, the resistance of

thickness is 2 mm. If the amount of steam produced

the output circuit is 500 times the resistance of the

is 1 g min1, the difference of temperature between

input circuit. If a = 0.98, then find the voltage gain

the inner and outer surfaces of the bottom is

and the power gain.

(Given : Thermal conductivity of the material of

(a) 23500, 1300500 (b) 24500, 1200500

kettle is 0.5 cal C1s1cm1)

(c) 22505, 1300500 (d) 23500, 1200500

(a) 2.1 103 C (b) 3.1 103 C

28. A parallel beam of monochromatic light is incident (c) 1.2 103 C (d) 2.5 103 C

normally on a narrow slit. A diffraction pattern

34. Four identical spheres each of mass M and radius

is formed on a screen placed perpendicular to

10 cm each are placed on a horizontal surface

the direction of the incident beam. At the first

touching one another so that their centres are

minimum of the diffraction pattern, the phase

located at the corners of a square of side 20 cm.

difference between the rays coming from the two

What is the distance of their centre of mass from

edges of the slit is

centre of any sphere?

p

(a) zero (b) (c) p (d) 2p (a) 5 cm (b) 10 cm (c) 20 cm (d) 10 2 cm

2

35. An aeroplane is flying horizontally with a Select the correct answer using the codes given

velocity of 216 km h1 and at a height of below.

1960 m. When it is vertically above a point A on (a) I and II (b) I, III and IV

the ground, a bomb is released from it. The bomb (c) I, II and III (d) II and III

strikes the ground at point B. The distance AB is

42. An interference pattern has maximum and

(ignoring air resistance)

minimum intensities in the ratio of 36 : 1, then the

(a) 1200 m (b) 0.33 km

ratio of amplitudes is

(c) 3.33 km (d) 33 km

(a) 5 : 7 (b) 7 : 4 (c) 4 : 7 (d) 7 : 5

36. An electron of mass m, when accelerated through a

43. In the circuit shown, the voltage V1, across capacitor C

potential difference V, has de Broglie wavelength l.

The de Broglie wavelength associated with a proton

R

of mass M accelerated through the same potential

difference, will be V C V1

M m M m

(a) l (b) l (c) l (d) l

m M m M

37. When in hydrogen like ion, electron jumps from

(a) is in phase with the source voltage V

n = 3 to n = 1, the emitted photon has frequency

(b) leads the source voltage V by 90

2.7 1015 Hz. When electron jumps from n = 4 to

(c) leads the source voltage V by an angle between

n = 1, the frequency is

0 and 90

(a) 1.6 1015 Hz (b) 2.8 1015 Hz

15 (d) lags behind the source voltage V by an angle

(c) 6.4 10 Hz (d) 4.8 1015 Hz

between 0 and 90.

38. Half-life of a substance is 20 minutes. Find the time

between 33% decay and 67% decay. 44. A bat flies at a steady speed of 4 m s1 emitting

(a) 40 min (b) 20 min 90 kHz sound waves and is flying towards a wall. It

(c) 30 min (d) 25 min detects a reflected signal at a frequency ( Take speed

of sound = 340 m s1)

39. In a transistor the collector current is always less (a) 90.1 kHz (b) 91.1 kHz

than the emitter current because (c) 92.1 kHz (d) 93.1 kHz

(a) collector side is reverse biased and the emitter

side is forward biased 45. A block of mass 10 kg is moving horizontally with a

(b) a few electrons are lost in the base and only speed of 1.5 m s1 on a smooth plane. If a constant

remaining ones reach the collector vertical force 10 N acts on it, the displacement of

(c) collector being reverse biased, attracts less the block from the point of application of the force

electrons at the end of 4 second is

(d) collector side is forward biased and emitter side (a) 5 m (b) 20 m (c) 12 m (d) 10 m

is reverse biased. solutions

40. In Youngs double slit experiment, first slit has width

four times the width of the second slit. The ratio of W Fs mas

1. (b) : Power P = = = (Q F = ma)

the maximum intensity to the minimum intensity t t t

in the interference fringe system is mvs v

P= 2 ,

(a) 2 : 1 (b) 4 : 1 (c) 9 : 1 (d) 8 : 1

t a = t

41. Which of the following statements are true? ms 2 s

(I) All radioactive elements decay exponentially P= 3 v = t

with time. t

(II) Half life time of a radioactive element is the or Pt3 = ms2

time required for one half of the radioactive \ s t3/2

atoms to disintegrate. 2. (a) : Required percentage error

(III) Age of the earth can be determined by 0. 1 0. 1 0. 1

= + + 100 = 5%

radioactive dating. 5 10 5

(IV) Half life time of a radioactive element is fifty 3. (d) : Displacement = velocity time. In time 0 to

percent of its average life period. 2 T, the displacement = Area of DOAD + Area of

DDBC = 0. Initial and final speeds are the same as Flux through circular area,

per graph. s

f E = EDS cos q = pr 2 cos q

The slope of velocity-time graph represents 2e0

acceleration. Here, the velocity-time graph is a

5.0 10 16 3.14 (0.1)2 cos 60

straight line inclined to time axis, hence has equal =

acceleration throughout. The particle changes its 2 8.85 10 12

direction of motion after time T. = 4.44 107 N m2 C1

8. (a) : Initial electrostatic energy of the 4 mF capacitor

u2 sin2 q

4. (d) : Maximum height for mass m1, H1 = is

2g 1 1

U i = CV 2 = 4 10 6 (200)2 = 8 10 2 J

2 2

and for mass m2,

Charge on 4 mF capacitor

u2 sin 2(90 q) = CV = 4 106 200 = 8 104 C

H2 = ,

2g When the 4 mF and 2 mF capacitors are connected

together, both attain a common potential V. Thus

\ H1 sin 2 q sin2 q tan 2 q

= 2 =

H 2 sin (90 q) cos 2 q

=

1 Total charge 8 10 4 C 400

V = = = V

Total capacitance (4 + 2) 10 6 F 3

\ H1 : H 2 = tan 2 q : 1.

Final electrostatic energy of the combination,

5. (c) : As r = (4 cos 2 t ) i + (4 sin 2 t ) j + 6t k , 1 400

2

16

Uf = (4 + 2) 10 6 J = 10 2 J

dr 2 3 3

Velocity, v = = [4 ( sin 2 t ) .(2)]i = 5.33 102 J

dt

+ [4(cos 2 t ).(2)] j + 6 k \ Electrostatic energy of the first capacitor lost in

the form of heat and electromagnetic radiation is

= ( 8 sin 2 t ) i + (8 cos 2 t ) j + 6 k

DU = Ui Uf = (8 5.33) 102 J = 2.67 102 J.

dv 9. (b) : Equivalent resistance of 8 W, 16 W and 16 W

Acceleration, a =

dt connected in parallel is given by

= [ 8 (cos 2 t )(2)]i + [8 ( sin 2 t )(2)] j 1 1 1 1 4 1

= + + = = \ R = 4 W.

= ( 16 cos 2 t ) i + (16 sin 2t ) j R 8 16 16 16 4

When t = p/4 s Total resistance in upper arm = 4 + 20 = 24 W

Equivalent resistance of 9 W and 18 W connected in

a = (16 cos p / 2) i + (16 sin p / 2) j

9 18

= (16 0) i + (16 1) j = 16 j m s 2 parallel is R = 9 + 18 = 6 W

Total resistance in lower arm = 6 + 6 = 12 W

6. (a) : Let a be the common acceleration. Then

Now 24 W and 12 W resistances are in parallel.

F = 3m a or a = F/3m

24 12

Net force on block A will be \ RPQ = = 8 W.

F F 24 + 12

F1 = m a = m = B m o (n / 2) 2I

3m 3 10. (a) : As = = 1 \ B = B.

Force applied by A on B, B m onI

F 2F 11. (c) : The efficiency of the engine is

F2 = (m1 + m2 ) a = 2m =

3m 3 T 375

= 1 2 = 1 = 25%.

Force applied by B on C, T1 500

F F Heat consumed per cycle, Q1 = 600 kcal

F3 = m a = m =

3m 3 \ Heat rejected to the sink is

Q1 Q1 = 600 0.25 600 = 450 kcal

7. (a) : Here, s = 5.0 1016 C m2, r = 0.1 m, q = 60

Field due to a plane sheet of charge, 12. (a) : A1 = 4 mm2 = 4 106 m2, DL1 = 0.1 103 m

A2 = 8 106 m2, Y2 = Y1, L2 = L1, F2 = F1, DL2 = ?

s

E= FL FL

2e0 As DL1 = 1 1 , DL2 = 2 2

A1Y1 A2Y2

DL2 A1 4 10 6 1 (m + 1)

\ = = = Putting in eqn. (i) x = f + (m + 1) f

DL1 A2 8 10 6 2 m

mx

DL Solving, we get, f =

or DL2 = 1 = 0.05 10 3 m = 0.05 mm (m + 1)2

2

13. (b) : Here, u1 = 12 m s1, u2 = 10 m s1 19. (a) : Here, = 80%, EpIp = 4 kW = 4000 W

Let v1 be velocity of the light particle after collision Ep = 100 V, Es = 200 V

(m m2 )u1 2m2u2 E p I p 4000

v1 = 1 + ...(i) Ip = = = 40 A

m1 + m2 m1 + m2 Ep 100

Given : m1 << m2 Es I s 80 200 I s I s

m1 can be ignored compared to m2 = = =

E pI p 100 4000 20

From equation (i), we get

v1 = u1 + 2u2 20 80

or I s = = 16 A

Substituting the values, we get 100

v1 = 12 m s1 + 2 (10 m s1) 20. (d) : Here m = 0.5, u = 0

= 8 m s1 in its original direction 5

1/3 v = 72 km h 1 = 72 = 20 m s 1

T R

2 2 18

14. (b) : As h = g

2

R f ma a

4p As m = = = (Q f = ma, without slipping)

R mg g

1/3

(24 60 60)2 (6.4 106 )2 9.8 \ a = m g = 0.5 10 = 5 m s2

= 6.4 106

4 (22 / 7)2 As v2 u2 = 2as

400

\ (20)2 02 = 2 5 s or s = = 40 m

= 3.6 107 m = 36000 km 10

15. (c) : Let T1 be the time period of longer pendulum 21. (b) : Here m = 2 kg, h = 1 m, k = 490 N m1

T l 16 Let the spring be compressed through distance x.

\ 1= 1= = 4 or T1 = 4T Then the block falls through a height (h + x).

T l 1

Gain in P.E. of the spring = Loss in P.E. of the block

Let after time t, the pendulum be in the same phase. 1 2

It will be so then kx = mg (h + x)

2

t t t T

= 1 = 1

T1 T T or 490 x 2 = 2 9.8 (1 + x)

2

t t T or 12.5 x2 x 1 = 0

or = or t = 4t 4T or 3t = 4T \ t = 4T/3

4T T 1 1 + 4 12.5 1 51

16. (b) \ x= = = 0.33 m

2 12.5 25

17. (a) : Q V = 4x2

22. (a) : For h << R,

V V V

\ E = i+ j+ k = 8x i 2h 2 gh

x y z g h = g 1 = g

R R

Hence, value of E at (1 m, 0, 2 m) will be 2 gh

or g g h =

E = 8 1i = 8 i V m 1 R

\ Loss in weight due to variation in g

18. (a) : Here, x = u + v ...(i) = mg mgh = m(g gh)

f f v

As m = = m 2 gh 2mgh

f +u f = = .

R R

and image is real, magnification is negative.

(m + 1) f m I

\ m =

f

...(ii) 23. (b) : As B = 0 = BH

u= 2R

f +u m

f v 2 BH R 2 0.5 10 5 0.05

and m = v = (m + 1) f ...(iii) \ I= = = 0.3978 0.4 A.

f m0 4p 10 7

24. (a) : Here, l = 1.0 m, BH = 0.3 104 Wb m2 d = 60 30. (b) : Let the original volume, V1 = V

BV = BH tan d = 0.3 104 tan 60 \ Final volume V2 = V/2

= 0.3 104 1.732 = 0.52 104 Wb m2. Initial pressure, P1 = 1.013 105 N m2

90 1000 Let P2 be the final pressure after compression

v = 90 km h1 = = 25 m s 1 g

\ P1Vl = P2V2

g

3600

\ e = BV lv = 0.52 104 1.0 25 = 1.3 103 V V

g

V

1. 4

V2 V /2

f = f0 + 4t

P2 = 1.013 105 (2)1.4 N m2

Voltage across primary,

df 31. (b) : Let I be the current through arm ADC. Then

Vp = = 0 + 4 1 = 4 V current through arm ABC = (2.1 I). As there is no

dt

deflection in the galvanometer, hence

Voltage across secondary,

(20 + 5)I = (8 + 2) (2.1 I)

Ns 1500 or 25I = 21 10I or 35I = 21

Vs = .V p = 4 = 120 V

Np 50 or I = 21/35 = 3/5 = 0.6 A

c 32. (a) : The magnetic moment of a current loop

26. (d) : v = M = NI A = 500 0.5 3 104 = 0.075 A m2.

mr er

Also, t = M B or t = MB sin q

3 108 3 108

= = = 1.8 108 m s1. where, q = angle between M and B .

1.3 2.14 1.67 Here, q = 90

27. (b) : Given a = 0.98 \ t = MB sin 90

R t 1.5

and out = 500 or B = = = 20 T

Rin M 0.075

a 0.98

= = = 49 33. (c) : Mass of steam produced per second,

1 a 1 0.98

dm 1

R = g s 1

Voltage gain = () out = (49)(500) = 24500 dt 60

Rin dQ dm

Heat transferred per second, =L

R dt dt

Power gain = (2 ) out = (49)2(500) = 1200500 dQ 1

Rin = 540 cal s 1

dt 60

28. (d) : At the first minimum of the diffraction pattern,

the rays coming from the two edges of the slit have dQ KA DT

Also =

a path difference = l and phase difference = 2p. dt d

29. (b) : As both cells are in series, the circuit current dQ d

\ DT =

e+e 2e dt KA

I= =

r1 + r2 + R r1 + r2 + R 9 0. 2

=

As terminal potential drop across 1st cell is zero, 0.5 3000

hence = 1.2 103 C

2e 34. (d) : As shown in figure

V1 = e Ir1 = e r =0

(r1 + r2 + R) 1 M 0 + M 20 + M 20 + M 0

xCM = = 10 cm

+

+

4M

r1 r2 Similarly, yCM = 10 cm

I

2er1

e= or r1 + r2 + R = 2r1 or R = (r1 r2 )

(r1 + r2 + R)

Physics For you | april 15 55

Hence, distance of centre of mass from centre of any

W1 I1 a 2 a

2 2

one sphere, r = (10 0) + (10 0) = 10 2 cm 40. (c) : As =4 \ = 2 = 4 or = 2

W2 I2 b b

35. (a) : Horizontal velocity of aeroplane, 2

216 1000 a

u= = 60 m s 1 I max (a + b) 2 b + 1

(2 + 1)2 9

60 60 \ = = = =

I min (a b)2 a 2 (2 1)2 1

2h 2 1960 b 1

Time of flight, T = = = 20 s

g 9. 8

41. (c) 42. (d)

Horizontal range, AB = uT = 60 20 = 1200 m

43. (d) : The phasor diagram is as shown in the figure.

36. (d) : For an electron accelerated through potential

VR

h O X

difference V, l =

2 meV VC = V1 V

For a proton accelerated through the same potential

h

difference V, l =

2 MeV

Y

l m m 44. (c) : Here, velocity of bat, vs = 4 m s1

\ = or l = l

l M M velocity of sound, v = 340 m s1

37. (b) : When the electron jumps from n = 3 to n = 1 Frequency emitted by the bat, u = 90 kHz

As source (bat) is moving towards the wall, the

orbit, apparent frequency of sound striking the wall is

1 1 8 v

v = Rc 2 2 or 2.7 1015 = Rc ...(i) u = u ....(i)

1 3 9

v vs

When the electron jumps from n = 4 to n = 1

On reflection, wall acts as source and bat is the

1 1 15

observer

v = Rc 2 2 = Rc ...(ii)

1 4 16

v + vo v + vo

From eqn (i) and (ii) \ u = u = uv v [Using (i)]

v s

v 15 9

=

15 16 8 340 + 4 90 344

2.7 10 = 90 = 336 = 92.1 kHz

15 9 340 4

or v = 2.7 1015 = 2.8 1015 Hz.

16 8 45. (d) : Here, m = 10 kg, F = 10 N

N The situation is as shown in the figure.

38. (b) : As = e lt1

N0

1 lt1

In first case, =e

3

2 Acceleration along vertical direction

In second case, = e lt 2

3 F 10 N

log e 3 log e (3 / 2) ay = = = 1 m s 2

\ t1 t 2 = m 10 kg

l l Distance travelled by the block in 4 s in vertical

1 1 3 1 direction is

= (log e 3 log e 1.5) = log e = log e 2

l l 1.5 l 1 1

1 s y = a yt 2 = (1 m s 2 )(4 s)2 = 8 m

= 20 min ( T1/2 = log e 2 ) 2 2

l Distance travelled by the block in 4 s in horizontal

39. (b) : When majority charge carriers cross the direction is sx = (1.5 m s1) (4 s) = 6 m

emitter-base junction, few electrons combine with The displacement of the block at the end of 4 s is

holes, and remaining charge carriers reach the

collector. So IC < IE. = s 2x + s 2y = (8 m)2 + (6 m)2 = 10 m

Exam on : 1st June

5th and 6th second respectively. The particle starts (c) increase by 4% (d) decrease by 4%

(a) with an initial non-zero velocity and moves 6. A transparent cube contains a small air bubble. Its

with uniform acceleration apparent distance is 2 cm when seen through one

(b) from rest and moves with uniform velocity face and 5 cm when seen through opposite face. If

(c) with an initial velocity and moves with uniform the refractive index of the material of the cube is

velocity 1.5, then real length of the edge of cube must be

(d) from rest and moves with uniform acceleration. (a) 7 cm (b) 7.5 cm

2. A body of mass M is dropped from a height h on a 14

(c) 10.5 cm (d) cm

sand floor. If the body penetrates a distance x into 3

the sand, the average resistance offered by the sand 7. The photoelectrons emitted from a given cathode

to the body is on the incidence of a given monochromatic beam

h h of light have

(a) Mg (b) Mg 1+

x x (a) energy spread with a lower limit

h (b) energy spread with an upper limit

(c) Mgh + Mgx (d) Mg 1 (c) energy spread with no sharp limits

x

3. A 5 mF capacitor is charged by a 220 V supply. It is (d) a definite energy only.

then disconnected from the supply and is connected 8. The ground state energy of hydrogen atom is

to another uncharged 2.5 mF capacitor. How much 13.6 eV. What is the potential energy of the

electrostatic energy of the first capacitor is lost in electron in this state?

the form of heat and electromagnetic radiation? (a) 0 eV (b) 27.2 eV

(a) 0.02 J (b) 0.04 J (c) 0.121 J (d) 0.081 J (c) 1 eV (d) 2 eV

4. A gas expands from i to P 9. Whenever a stream of electrons collides with a

f along the three paths stream of photons, which of the following is not

4 i

indicated. The work conserved?

3 1 2 3

done along the three 2

(a) Linear momentum (b) Total energy

paths denoted by W1, 1 f (c) Number of photons

W2 and W3 have the V (d) Number of electrons

relationship 1 2 3 4 5 6

10. A Ge specimen is doped with Al. The concentration

(a) W1 < W2 < W3 (b) W2 < W1 = W3 of acceptor atoms is 1021 atoms m3. Given that

(c) W2 < W1 < W3 (d) W1 > W2 > W3 the intrinsic concentration of electron-hole pair

5. If the radius of the earth were to shrink by is equivalent to 1019 m3, the concentration of

two percent, its mass remaining the same, the electrons in the specimen is

acceleration due to gravity on the earths surface (a) 1017 m3 (b) 1015 m3

would (c) 104 m3 (d) 102 m3

11. A person is standing in an elevator. In which (a) 0.125 Wb m2 (b) 1.25 Wb m2

situation he finds his weight less? (c) 125 Wb m2 (d) 12.5 Wb m2

(a) When the elevator moves upward with constant 19. A coil of 1000 turns is wound on a book and this

acceleration book is lying on the table. The vertical component

(b) When the elevator moves downward with of earths magnetic field is 0.6 104 T and the area

constant acceleration of the coil is 0.05 m2. The book is turned over once

(c) When the elevator moves upward with uniform about a horizontal axis in 0.1 s. Thus average emf

velocity induced in the coil is

(d) When the elevator moves downward with (a) 0.03 V (b) 0.06 V (c) 0.6 V (d) zero

uniform velocity.

20. A man has a concave shaving mirror of focal

12. The centre of mass of a solid cone along the line length 0.2 m. How far should the mirror be held

from the centre of the base to the vertex is at from his face in order to give an image of two fold

(a) one-fourth of the height magnification?

(b) one-third of the height (a) 0.1 m (b) 0.2 m (c) 0.3 m (d) 0.4 m

(c) one-fifth of the height

(d) none of these 21. In Youngs double slit experiment, the two slits are

separated by 0.1 mm and they are 0.5 m from the

13. If the radii of circular paths of two particles of screen. The wavelength of light used is 5000 .

same masses are in the ratio of 1 : 2, then to have a What is the distance between 7th maxima and 11th

constant centripetal force, their velocities should be minima on the screen?

in a ratio of (a) 5.65 mm (b) 6.75 mm

(a) 1 : 2 (b) 2 : 1 (c) 4 : 1 (d) 1 : 4 (c) 8.75 mm (d) 7.8 mm

14. Two projectiles are projected with the same velocity. 22. Three different objects of masses m1, m2 and m3 are

If one is projected at an angle of 30 and the other allowed to fall from the same point O along three

at 60 to the horizontal, then the ratio of maximum different frictionless paths. The speeds of the three

height reached, is objects, on reaching the ground, will be in the ratio

(a) 3 : 1 (b) 1 : 3 (c) 1 : 2 (d) 2 : 1 of

15. Two blocks of masses m1 = 4 kg and m2 = 2 kg are (a) m1 : m2 : m3 (b) m1 : 2m2 : 3m3

connected to the ends of a string which passes over (c) 1/m1 : 1/m2 : 1/m3 (d) 1 : 1 : 1

a massless, frictionless pulley. The total downward 23. The wavefront of a distant source of unknown shape

thrust on the pulley is nearly is approximately

(a) 27 N (b) 54 N (c) 0.8 N (d) zero (a) spherical (b) cylindrical

16. A square plate of 10 cm side moves parallel to (c) elliptical (d) plane

another plate with a velocity of 10 cm s1, both 24. A conducting square loop of side l and resistance

plates immersed in water. If the viscous force is R moves in its plane with a uniform velocity

200 dyne and viscosity of water is 0.01 poise, what v perpendicular to one of its sides. A uniform

is their separation distance? and constant magnetic field B exists along the

(a) 0.05 cm (b) 1 cm perpendicular to the plane of the loop as shown in

(c) 0.07 cm (d) 7 cm figure. The current induced in the loop is

17. Two point charges repel each other with a force of

100 N. One of the charges is increased by 10% and

v

other is reduced by 10%. The new force of repulsion

at the same distance would be

(a) 100 N (b) 121 N (c) 99 N (d) 140 N

Blv Blv

18. In hydrogen atom, the electron is making (a) clockwise (b) anticlockwise

R R

6.6 1015 rev s1 around the nucleus of radius of

53 . The magnetic field produced at the centre of 2Blv

(c) anticlockwise(d) zero

the orbit is nearly R

25. If the capacitance of each capacitor is C, then 33. A radioactive isotope X has a half-life of 3 s. At

t = 0 s, a given sample of this isotope X contains

effective capacitance of the given network across 8000 atoms. Find the time t1, when 1000 atoms of

any two junctions is isotope X remains in the sample.

(a) 2 s (b) 4 s (c) 7 s (d) 9 s

34. The current gain of a transistor in a common base

arrangement is 0.98. Find the change in collector

current corresponding to a change of 5.0 mA in

emitter current.

(a) 4.9 mA (b) 2.2 mA

C (c) 3.3 mA (d) 3.9 mA

(a) 2C (b) C (c) (d) 5C

2

35. A steamer moves with velocity 3 km h1 in and

26. A 5 litre vessel contains 2 mole of oxygen gas at a against the direction of river water whose velocity is

pressure of 8 atm. The average translational kinetic 2 km h1. Find its total time for total journey, if the

energy of an oxygen molecule under this condition is steamer travels 2 km in the direction of the stream

(a) 8.4 1014 J (b) 4.98 1021 J and then come back to the same place.

(c) 7.4 10 J16 (d) 4.2 1023 J (a) 2 h (b) 2.2 h (c) 2.4 h (d) 3 h

27. If the radius of a potentiometer wire is increased 36. An electric fan has blades of length 30 cm measured

four times, keeping its length constant, then the from the axis of rotation. If the fan is rotating at

value of its potential gradient will become 120 rpm, the acceleration of a point on the tip of

(a) half (b) two times the blade is

(c) four times (d) unchanged (a) 23.7 m s2 (b) 47.4 m s2

28. A particle of mass m, charge Q and kinetic energy (c) 50.55 m s 2 (d) 1600 m s2

T enters a transverse uniform magnetic field of 37. An athlete completes one round of a circular track

induction B. After 3 seconds, the kinetic energy of of radius R in 40 s. What will be his displacement at

the particle will be the end of 2 minute 20 seconds ?

(a) T (b) 4T (c) 3T (d) 2T (a) zero (b) 2R (c) 2pR (d) 7pR

29. A series AC circuit has a resistance of 4 W and a 38. The function sinwt coswt represents

reactance of 3 W. The impedance of the circuit is p

7 (a) a simple harmonic motion with a period .

(a) 5 W (b) 7 W (c) 12 W (d) W w

7 12

1 (b) a simple harmonic motion with a period 2p .

30. The dimensions of e E 2 (where e0 is the w

2 0 (c) a periodic, but not simple harmonic motion

permittivity of free space and E is electric field) is

p

(a) [MLT] (b) [ML2T2] with a period .

1

(c) [ML T ] 2 (d) [ML2T1] w

(d) a periodic, but not simple harmonic motion

31. If two electric bulbs, each designed to operate with

2p

a power of 500 W in 220 V line, are put in series in with a period w .

a 110 V line, what will be the power generated by

39. A superconducting material is

each bulb?

(a) ferromagnetic (b) ferroelectric

(a) 31.25 W (b) 21.25 W

(c) diamagnetic (d) paramagnetic

(c) 11.25 W (d) 9.25 W

40. Two forces of equal magnitude F act at a point. If

32. An electric field E and magnetic field B exist in a

region. If these fields are not perpendicular to each the angle between them is q, then the magnitude of

other, then the electromagnetic wave the resultant force is

(a) will not pass through the region (a) F 2(1 sin q) (b) F 2(1 + sin q)

(b) will pass through region

q q

(c) may pass through the region (c) 2 F sin (d) 2 F cos

(d) nothing is definite. 2 2

Directions : In the following questions (41-60), a 49. Assertion : Stopping potential depends upon the

statement of assertion (A) is followed by a statement frequency of incident light but is independent of

of reason (R). Mark the correct choice as the intensity of the light.

(a) If both assertion and reason are true and reason is the Reason : The maximum kinetic energy of the

correct explanation of assertion. photoelectrons is proportional to stopping

(b) If both assertion and reason are true but reason is not potential.

the correct explanation of assertion. 50. Assertion : Ocean waves hitting a beach are always

(c) If assertion is true but reason is false. found to be nearly normal to the shore.

(d) If both assertion and reason are false. Reason : Ocean waves are longitudinal waves.

41. Assertion : A body becomes weightless at the centre 51. Assertion : Work done by friction on a body sliding

of earth. down an inclined plane is negative.

Reason : As the distance from centre of earth Reason : Work done is less than zero, if angle

decreases, acceleration due to gravity increases. between force and displacement is acute or both are

42. Assertion : Converging property of convergent in same direction.

lens does not remain same in all mediums. 52. Assertion : When a particle moves in a circle with

Reason : Property of lens whether the ray is a uniform speed, its velocity and acceleration both

diverging or converging depends on the surrounding changes.

medium. Reason : The centripetal acceleration in circular

43. Assertion : Thin films such as soap bubble or a thin motion is independent on angular velocity of the

layer of oil on water show beautiful colours when body.

illuminated by white light. 53. Assertion : The graph between velocity and

Reason : It happens due to the interference of light displacement for a simple harmonic motion is an

reflected from the upper surface of the thin film. ellipse.

44. Assertion : The centre of mass of a two particle Reason : Velocity does not change uniformly with

system lies on the line joining the two particles, displacement in simple harmonic motion.

being closer to the heavier particle. 54. Assertion : The shape of a liquid drop is spherical.

Reason : Product of mass of one particle and its Reason : The pressure inside the drop is greater

distance from centre of mass is numerically equal than that outside.

to product of mass of other particle and its distance 55. Assertion : All nuclei are not of same size.

from centre of mass. Reason : Size of nucleus depends on atomic mass.

45. Assertion : We can change the temperature of a 56. Assertion : Electron hole combination in base

system without giving (or taking) heat to (or from) results in increase of base current.

it. Reason : When base region has larger width, the

Reason : According to principle of conservation collector current increases.

of energy, total energy of a system should remain

conserved. 57. Assertion : When charges are shared between two

bodies, there occurs no loss of charge. However,

46. Assertion : As the drift velocity decreases the there is a loss in electrical energy.

current flowing through the conductor decreases. Reason : Electrostatic potential energy does not

Reason : The current flowing through a conductor come under the preview of the conservation law of

is directly proportional to the drift velocity. energy.

47. Assertion : Earths magnetic field inside a closed 58. Assertion : The bridges are declared unsafe after a

iron box is less as compared to its walls. long use.

Reason : The magnetic permeability of iron is low. Reason : The bridges lose their elastic strength with

48. Assertion : The mass of a nucleus can be either time.

less than or more than the sum of the masses of 59. Assertion : The binding energy of a satellite depend

nucleons present in it. upon the mass of the satellite.

Reason : The density of nuclear matter is dependent Reason : Binding energy is the negative value of

on the size of the nucleus. total energy of satellite.

60. Assertion : The velocity of a body at the bottom Total capacitance of the two capacitors,

of an inclined plane of given height is more when C = C1 + C2 = 5 mF + 2.5 mF = 7.5 mF = 7.5 106 F

it slides down the plane compared to when it rolls Therefore, common potential of the two capacitors,

down the same plane. q 11 10 4 440

Reason : In rolling down, a body acquires both, V= = = V

C 7.5 10 6 3

kinetic energy of translation and kinetic energy of

rotation. Energy stored in the combination,

2

1 1 440

solutions U2 = CV 2 = 7.5 10 6 = 0.081 J

2 2 3

a

1. (a) : As Sn = u + (2n 1) Therefore, energy lost by C1 in the form of heat and

2 electromagnetic radiation,

a 5a ...(i) U1 U2 = 0.121 0.081 = 0.04 J

4 = u + (2 3 1) or 4 = u +

2 2

4. (a) : Work done, W = Area under P-V graph

a 7a

5 = u + (2 4 1) or 5 = u + ...(ii) GM

2 2 5. (c) : As, g = , If R decreases then g increases.

7a 5a 2a R2

Subtracting (ii) from (i) we get , 1 = = = a Taking logarithm of both the sides,

2 2 2

log g = log G + log M 2 log R

5 5 1

Again 4 = u + or u = 4 = 1.5 m s dg 2dR

2 2 Differentiating it we get, =0+0

g R

So, the initial velocity is non-zero and acceleration

is uniform. 2 4

= 2 =

100 100

2. (b) : If the body strikes the sand floor with a

velocity v, then dg 4

\ % increase in g = 100 = 100 = 4%

1 g 100

Mgh = Mv 2

2 real depth

With this velocity v, when body passes through 6. (c) : Here, m =

apparent depth

the sand floor it comes to rest after travelling a

distance x. real depth

or 1.5 =

Let F be the resisting force acting on the body. Net 2 cm + 5 cm

force in downwards direction

= Mg F \ Real depth = 1.5 7 = 10.5 cm

Work done by all the forces is equal to change in 7. (b)

kinetic energy 8. (b) : Potential energy = 2 total energy = 2 ( 13.6)

1 = 27.2 eV

\ (Mg F ) x = 0 Mv 2

2 9. (c) : In a photon-electron collision, a photon may

(Mg F)x = Mgh or Fx = Mgh + Mgx be absorbed or a new photon may be released. Here

h number of photons is not conserved but linear

\ F = Mg 1 +

x momentum, total energy and number of electrons

are conserved.

3. (b) : Here, C1 = 5 mF = 5 106 F, V1 = 220 V

Energy stored in the capacitor, 10. (a) : Here, ni = 1019 m3, nh = 1021 m3

1 1 As ni2 = nenh

U1 = C1V12 = 5 10 6 (220)2 = 0.121 J

2 2

n2 1019 1019

When this charged capacitor is connected to \ ne = i = = 1017 m 3.

nh 1021

another uncharged capacitor of capacitance

C2 = 2.5 mF, they will share charges, till the potential 11. (b) : When the elevator moves downward with

difference across their plates become equal. acceleration a, the apparent weight,

Total charge on the two capacitors, W = m(g a), W = mg

q = C1V1 + C2V2 = 5 106 220 = 11 104 C \ W < W

12. (a) : The centre of mass of a solid cone lies on its 0. 2

axis at a distance of h/4 from its base. or 2 = or 0.4 + 2u = 0.2

0. 2 + u

mv 2 or 2u = 0.2 0.4 = 0.2

13. (a) : Centripetal force, F =

r \ u = 0.1 m

Fr

\ v= 21. (c) : Here, d = 0.1 mm = 104 m

m

D = 0.5 m, l = 5000 = 5.0 107 m

For same F and m, v r \ Dx = (x11)dark (x7)bright

v1 r 1 (2 11 1)lD 7lD

\ = 1 = =1 : 2 =

v2 r2 2 2d d

7lD 7 5 10 7 0.5 3

u2 sin 2 q Dx = = = 8.75 10 m

14. (b) : Maximum height, H = 2d 2 10 4

2g

= 8.75 mm

\ H1 sin2 30 (1 / 2)2 1 22. (d) : When different objects allowed to fall from the

= 2 = = .

H 2 sin 60 ( 3 / 2)2 3 same height, they attain the same speed on reaching

the ground, independent of their masses or the

2m1m2 2 4 2 10 frictionless paths.

15. (b) : Here, T = g=

m1 + m2 4+2

23. (d)

160 24. (d) : As the magnetic flux is not changing through

= = 26.6 27 N

6 the loop, hence no current is induced in the loop.

Total downward thrust on the pulley 25. (a) : The given network is a balanced Wheatstone

= 2T = 2 27 = 54 N bridge with one capacitor in parallel with this bridge.

16. (a) : Here, side of the square plate, 26. (b) : Here, P = 8 atm = 8 105 N m2,

L = 10 cm V = 5 litre = 5 103 m3, n = 2

Area of the plate, A = L2 = 100 cm2, According to ideal gas equation

dv = 10 cm s1, F = 200 dyne, PV = nRT

h = 0.01 poise, dx = ? 5 2 3 3

PV (8 10 N m )(5 10 m )

dv or T = = = 240.7 K

As F = hA nR (2)(8.31 J mol 1 K 1)

dx

h Ad v 0.01 100 10 The average translational kinetic energy of a gas

dx = = = 0.05 cm molecule is

F 200

3

17. (c) E = k BT

2

m 2pI m 0 1 3

18. (a) : B = 0 = (e )

4p r 2 r \ E = 1.38 10 23 J K 1 240.7 K

2

4p 10 7 1.6 10 19 6.6 1015 = 4.98 1021 J

= 27. (d) : Potential gradient is independent of area of

2 53 10 10

cross-section of wire.

= 0.125 Wb m2

28. (a) : When a charged particle having kinetic energy

d NBA (cos 0 cos 180) T is subjected to a transverse uniform magnetic field,

19. (b) : Here, e = =

dt dt it describes a circular path in the magnetic field

2 NBA 2 1000 0.6 10 4 0.05 without any change in its speed. Thus, the kinetic

= = energy of the charged particle remains T at all times.

dt 0.1

= 0.06 V 29. (a) : Here, resistance, R = 4 W

f Reactance X = 3 W

20. (a) : As magnification, m = The impedance of the circuit is

f u

0. 2

2= Z = (R)2 + (X )2 = (4 W)2 + (3 W)2 = 5 W

0. 2 u

30. (c) : Dimensions of [e0] = [M1L3T4A2] Acceleration = rw2 = r4p2u2 ( w = 2pu)

Dimension of [E] = [MLT3A1] 2 2

22 120

\ Dimensions of = 0. 3 4 = 47.4 m s 2

7 60

1 2 1 3 4 2 3 1 2

2 e0 E = [M L T A ] [MLT A ] 37. (b) : Total time of motion on circular track

= [ML1T2] = 2 60 s + 20 s = 140 s.

Time period of revolution = 40 s.

31. (a) : Power of electric bulb, P = 500 W Therefore displacement in time (= 3 40 = 120 s) =

Operating voltage V = 220 V zero as athlete will be reaching at the starting point.

Let R be the resistance of bulb. Thus, Displacement in 140 s = Displacement in

V2 20 s = 2R.

Here, P =

R 1 1

V 2 (220)2 38. (b) : sin wt cos wt = 2 sin wt cos wt

R= = = 96.8 W 2 2

\

P 500

p p

According to Ohms law, V = IR = 2 sin wt cos cos wt sin

4 4

For series connection, current remains same

p

V1 R1 = 2 sin wt

\ = 4

V2 R2

It represents a simple harmonic motion with a

Here R1 = R2 \ V1 = V2

2p

Also V1 + V2 = 110 V (Q series combination) period .

w

\ Voltage across each bulb = 55 V

Power generated by each bulb 39. (c) : A superconductor is a diamagnetic material.

V 2 (55)2 40. (d) : Here, F1 = F2 = F

= 1 = = 31.25 W The magnitude of the resultant force is

R1 96.8

32. (c) : The electromagnetic wave being packets of FR = F12 + F22 + 2F1F2 cos q

energy moving with speed of light may pass through

the region. = F 2 + F 2 + 2(F )(F )cos q

log e 2 0.693

33. (d) : Decay constant l = = = 0.231 s1 = 2F 2 + 2F 2 cos q = F 2(1 + cos q)

T1/2 3

Number of atoms remain undecayed, N = N0elt1 q

= F 2 2 cos 2 = 2F cos q

1 N 1 2.079 2 2

or t1 = log e 0 = log e 8 = =9 s

l N 0.231 0.231 41. (c) : Variation of g with depth from surface of earth

34. (a) : Given, a = 0.98 and DIE = 5.0 mA is given by

From the definition, d

g = g 1

DI R

a= C

DI E At the centre of earth, d = R

Change in collector current R

\ g = g 1 = 0

DIC = a DIE = 0.98 5.0 mA = 4.9 mA R

35. (c) : The velocity of streamer while moving \ Apparent weight of body = mg = 0

downstream = 3 km h1 + 2 km h1 = 5 km h1 and Assertion is true but reason is false.

while moving upstream 42. (a) : In air or water, a convex lens made of glass

= 3 km h1 2 km h1 = 1 km h1. behaves as a convergent lens but when it is placed

2 km 2 km in carbon disulfide, it behaves as a divergent lens.

Total time taken = +

5 km h 1

1 km h 1 Therefore, when a convergent lens is placed inside a

= 0.4 h + 2 h = 2.4 h transparent medium of refractive index greater than

that of material of lens, it behaves as divergent lens.

36. (b) : Here, r = 30 cm = 0.3 m,

It simply concludes that property of a lens whether

120

u = 120 rpm = rps the rays is diverging or converging depends on the

60 surrounding medium.

43. (c) : The beautiful colours are seen on account of

\ W = F s = Fs cos q = F s cos 180 which is

interference of light reflected from the upper and negative.

the lower surfaces of the thin films.

i.e. work done by friction on a body sliding down

44. (a) : The centre of mass of a body or a system of

an inclined plane is negative.

bodies is the point that moves as though all of the

mass were concentrated there and all external forces 52. (c) : In uniform circular motion, the magnitude

were applied there. The position of centre of mass of velocity and acceleration remains same, but due

m x + m2 x 2 to change in direction of motion, the direction

x CM = 1 1 of velocity and acceleration changes. Also the

m1 + m2

centripetal acceleration is given by a = w2r.

45. (a) : We can change the temperature of a body

without giving (or taking) heat to (or from) it. For 53. (a) : In SHM, v = w a 2 y 2 or v2 = w2a2 w2y2.

example, in an adiabatic compression temperature v2 y2

rises and in an adiabatic expansion temperature Dividing both sides by w2a2, 2 2 + 2 = 1 . This is

w a a

falls, although no heat is given or taken from the

the equation of an ellipse.

system in the respective changes.

54. (b)

46. (a) : Consider a conductor of length l and area of

cross section A. Time taken by the free electrons to 55. (a) : The radius of nucleus is given by R = R0A1/3

cross the conductor, where R0 is a constant. For different nuclei, mass

t = l/vd. number A is different, therefore R is different.

q Al ne 56. (c) 57. (c)

Hence, current, I = =

t l / vd 58. (a) : A bridge during its use undergoes alternating

or, I = Anevd

\ I vd. strains for a large number of times each day,

Thus current is directly proportional to drift depending upon the movement of vehicles on it.

velocity. When a bridge is used for long time, it losses its

47. (c) : As the magnetic permeability (m = B/H) of elastic strength. Due to which the amount of strain

iron is high, therefore, lines of force prefer to pass in the bridge for a given stress will become large

through or concentrate in the iron walls of the box. and ultimately, the bridge may collapse.

48. (d) : The mass of a nucleus is always less than the 59. (b) : Binding energy is the minimum energy

sum of the masses of the nucleons present in it. required to free a satellite from the gravitational

When nucleons combine to form a nucleus, some attraction. It is the negative value of total energy

energy is liberated, and this is the binding energy of satellite. Let a satellite of mass m be revolving

of the nucleus. The mass of the nucleus cannot be around earth of mass Me and radius Re

more than the total mass of the nucleons because Total energy of satellite = PE + KE

then stable nucleus cannot be formed. GM em 1 2

= + mv

49. (b) : Stopping potential is a measure of maximum Re 2

kinetic energy of emitted photoelectron GM em GM em

(eV0 = Kmax) and Kmax depends upon the frequency = +

Re 2Re

of incident light but is independent of intensity.

50. (c) : Ocean waves are the combination of transverse GM em

=

and longitudinal waves travelling in concentric 2Re

circles of ever increasing radius. When they hit the

\ Binding energy of satellite = (total energy of

shore, their radius of curvature is so large that they

satellite) which depend on mass of the satellite.

can be treated as plane waves. Hence they hit the

shore nearly normal to the shore. 60. (b) : In sliding down, the entire potential energy is

converted only into linear kinetic energy. In rolling

51. (c) : When a body slides down on an inclined

down, a part of some potential energy is converted

plane, the angle between direction of motion,

into kinetic energy of rotation. Therefore, velocity

i.e. displacement and frictional force is equal to

acquired is less.

180 (Friction always acts in a direction opposite to

the direction of the motion).

Physics For you | april 15 65

Time Allowed : 3 hrs

2015 Maximum Marks : 70

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS

(i) All questions are compulsory. There are 26 questions in all.

(ii) This question paper has five sections: Section A, Section B, Section C, Section D and Section E.

(iii) Section A contains five questions of one mark each, Section B contains five questions of two marks each, Section C

contains twelve questions of three marks each, Section D contains one value based question of four marks and Section

E contains three questions of five marks each.

(iv) There is no overall choice. However, an internal choice has been provided in one question of two marks, one question

of three marks and all the three questions of five marks weightage. You have to attempt only one of the choices in such

questions.

(v) You may use the following values of physical constants wherever necessary.

c = 3 108 m/s, h = 6.63 1034 J s, e = 1.6 1019 C, o = 4p 107 T m A1, e0 = 8.854 1012 C2 N1 m2, 1/4pe0 = 9 109 N m2 C2,

me = 9.1 1031 kg, mass of neutron = 1.675 1027 kg, mass of proton = 1.673 1027 kg

23 23 1

Avogadros number = 6.023 10 per gram mole, Boltzmann constant = 1.38 10 JK

1. What is the electric flux through a cube of side 1 cm sheet will the transmitted intensity be maximum?

which encloses an electric dipole? 9. Use Kirchhoff s rules to obtain conditions for the

2. A concave lens of refractive index 1.5 is immersed balance condition in a Wheatstone bridge.

in a medium of refractive index 1.65. What is the 10. A proton and an a-particle have the same de-

nature of of the lens? Broglie wavelength. Determine the ratio of

3. How are side bands produced? (i) their accelerating potentials

4. Graph showing the variation (ii) their speeds.

of current versus voltage for a section-c

Current I

C D

material GaAs is shown in the 11. Draw a block diagram of a detector for AM signal

B E

figure. Identify the region of and show, using necessary processes and the

(i) negative resistance A Voltage V waveforms, how the original message signal is

(ii) where Ohms law is obeyed. detected from the input AM wave.

5. Define capacitor reactance. Write its S.I. units. 12. A cell of emf E and internal resistance r is

connected across a variable load resistor R. Draw

section-b

the plots of the terminal voltage V versus (i) R and

6. Show that the radius of the orbit in hydrogen atom (ii) the current I.

varies as n2, where n is the principal quantum It is found that when R = 4 W, the current is 1 A

number of the atom. and when R is increased to 9 W, the current reduces

7. Distinguish between intrinsic and extrinsic to 0.5 A. Find the values of the emf E and internal

semiconductors. resistance r.

8. Use the mirror equation to show that an object 13. Two capacitors of unknown capacitances C1 and

placed between f and 2f of a concave mirror C2 are connected first in series and then in parallel

produces a real image beyond 2f. across a battery of 100 V. If the energy stored in the

OR two combinations is 0.045 J and 0.25 J respectively,

Find an expression for intensity of transmitted determine the value of C1 and C2. Also calculate the

light when a polaroid sheet is rotated between two charge on each capacitor in parallel combination.

Page 66

14. State the principle of working of a galvanometer. is 3.48 106 m and the radius of lunar orbit is

A galvanometer of resistance G is converted into a 3.8 108 m.

voltmeter to measure upto V volts by connecting a 21. Write Einsteins photoelectric equation and mention

resistance R1 in series with the coil. If a resistance which important features in photoelectric effect can

R2 is connected in series with it, then it can measure be explained with the help of this equation.

upto V/2 volts. Find the resistance, in terms of R1 The maximum kinetic energy of the photoelectrons

and R2, required to be connected to convert it into gets doubled when the wavelength of light incident

a voltmeter that can read upto 2 V. Also find the on the surface changes from l1 to l2. Derive the

resistance G of the galvanometer in terms of R1 and expressions for the threshold wavelength l0 and

R2. work function for the metal surface.

15. With what considerations in view, a photodiode 22. In the study of Geiger-Marsdon experiment on

is fabricated? State its working with the help of a scattering of a particles by a thin foil of gold, draw

suitable diagram. the trajectory of a-particles in the coulomb field

Eventhough the current in the forward bias is of target nucleus. Explain briefly how one gets the

known to be more than in the reverse bias, yet information on the size of the nucleus from this

the photodiode works in reverse bias. What is the study.

reason? From the relation R = R0 A1/3, where R0 is constant

16. Draw a circuit diagram of a transistor amplifier in and A is the mass number of the nucleus, show that

CE configuration. nuclear matter density is independent of A.

Define the terms : (i) Input resistance and (ii) Current OR

amplification factor. How are these determined Distinguish between nuclear fission and fusion. Show

using typical input and output characteristics? how in both these processes energy is released.

17. Answer the following questions : Calculate the energy release in MeV in the

(a) In a double slit experiment using light of deuterium-tritium fusion reaction :

wavelength 600 nm, the angular width of the 2 3 4

1

H + 1H 2

He +n

fringe formed on a distant screen is 0.1. Find

the spacing between the two slits. Using the data :

(b) Light of wavelength 500 propagating in air 2

m(1H) = 2.014102 u

gets partly reflected from the surface of water.

How will the wavelengths and frequencies of 3

m(1H) = 3.016049 u

the reflected and refracted light be affected?

4

18. An inductor L of inductance XL is connected in m(2He) = 4.002603 u

series with a bulb B and an ac source. How would mn = 1.008665 u

brightness of the bulb change when (i) number of

turn in the inductor is reduced, (ii) an iron rod 1u = 931.5 MeV/c2

is inserted in the inductor and (iii) a capacitor of section-d

reactance XC = XL is inserted in series in the circuit. 23. A group of students while coming from the school

Justify your answer in each case. noticed a box marked Danger H.T. 2200 V

19. Name the parts of the electromagnetic spectrum at a substation in the main street. They did not

which is understand the utility of a such a high voltage,

(a) suitable for radar systems used in aircraft while they argued, the supply was only 220 V. They

navigation. asked their teacher this question the next day. The

(b) used to treat muscular strain. teacher thought it to be an important question and

(c) used as a diagnostic tool in medicine. therefore explained to the whole class.

Write in brief, how these waves can be produced. Answer the following questions :

20. (i) A giant refracting telescope has an objective (i) What device is used to bring the high voltage

lens of focal length 15 m. If an eye piece of down to low voltage of a.c. current and what is

focal length 1.0 cm is used, what is the angular the principle of its working?

magnification of the telescope? (ii) Is it possible to use this device for bringing down

(ii) If this telescope is used to view the moon, what the high dc voltage to the low voltage? Explain.

is the diameter of the image of the moon formed (iii) Write the values displayed by the students and

by the objective lens? The diameter of the moon the teacher.

section-e charge +2Q is placed outside the shell at a

24. (a) Using Huygenss construction of secondary distance x from the centre as shown in the figure.

wavelets explain how a diffraction pattern Find (i) the force on the

is obtained on a screen due to a narrow slit charge at the centre of

on which a monochromatic beam of light is shell and the point A, (ii)

incident normally. the electric flux through

(b) Show that the angular width of the first the shell.

diffraction fringe is half that of the central 26. (a) State amperes circuital law. Use this law to

fringe. obtain the expression for the magnetic field

1

(c) Explain why the maxima at q = n + inside an air cored toroid of average radius r,

2 a

having n turns per unit length and carrying

become weaker and weaker with increasing n.

steady current I.

OR

(b) An observer to the left of a solenoid of N turns

(a) A point object O is kept in a medium of

each of cross section area A observes that

refractive index n1 in front of a convex spherical

a study current I in it flows in the clockwise

surface of radius of curvature R which separates

direction. Depict the magnetic field lines due

the second medium of refractive index n2 from

to the solenoid specifying its polarity and show

the first one, as shown in the figure.

that it acts as a bar magnet of magnetic moment

Draw the ray diagram showing the image

m = NIA.

formation and deduce the relationship between A

the object distance and the image distance in

terms of n1, n2 and R.

N

n1 n2

C OR

O u R (a) Define mutual inductance and write its S.I.

units.

(b) When the image formed above acts as a virtual (b) Derive an expression for the mutual inductance

object for a concave spherical surface separating of two long co-axial solenoids of same length

the medium n2 from n1 (n2 > n1), draw this ray wound one over the other.

diagram and write the similar (similar to (a)) (c) In an experiment, two coils C1 and C2 are placed

relation. Hence obtain the expression for the close to each other. Find out the expression for

lens makers formula. emf induced in the coil C1 due to a change in

25. (a) An electric dipole of dipole moment p consists the current through the coil C2.

of point charges +q and q separated by a

distance 2a apart. solution

Deduce the expression for the

electric field E due to the dipole at a distance 1. According to Gausss law, net flux through a closed

x from the centre of the dipole on its axial line surface,

q

in terms of the dipole moment

p . Hence show E ds = en0

E =

that in the limit x >> a, E 3 p /(4pe0x3).

y

Total charge enclosed, qen = 0

(b) Given the electric

field in as net charge on dipole is zero.

the region E = 2 xi , find 0

the electric flux through \ fE = =0

0

the cube and the charge x

enclosed by it. a 2. Focal length of a concave lens is negative.

OR z

Using lens makers formula,

(a) Explain, using suitable diagrams, the difference 1 l 1 1

in the behaviour of a (i) conductor and (ii) = 1

f m R1 R2

dielectric in the presence of external electric

field. Define the terms polarization of a dielectric Here, l = 1.5, m = 1.65

and write its relation with susceptibility.

(b) A thin metallic spherical shell of radius R Also, l < 1, so l 1 is negative and focal

m

m

carries a charge Q on its surface. A point

length of the given lens becomes positive. Hence, it

Q

charge is placed at its centre C and an other behaves as a convex lens.

2

68 physics for you | april 15

Page 68

3. Side bands are produced during the modulation. where m is the mass of the electron, and v, its speed

When a message signal is in an orbit of radius r.

super imposed on a carrier Bohrs quantisation condition for angular

wave then there exists the momentum is

sum and difference of the f f f f + f nh nh

two frequencies of different

c m c c m

L = mvr = or r = ...(iii)

2 2 mv

waves.

These are called side bands. In amplitude From equation (ii) and (iii), we get

modulation, side bands are : ke 2 nh 2 ke 2

Lower side band frequency = fc fm = or v = ...(iv)

mv 2 2 mv nh

Upper side band frequency = fc + fm

4. (i) Region DE has negative resistance property Substituting this value of v in equation (iii), we get

because current decreases with increase in nh nh n2h2

voltage or slope of DE is negative. r= . ; r= r n2

2 m 2 ke 2 42mke 2

(ii) Region BC obeys Ohms law because current

varies linearly with the voltage. 7.

5. Capacitor reactance is meaningful for an a.c. Intrinsic Extrinsic

electrical circuit. It is the resistance offered by a Semiconductors Semiconductors

capacitor when it is connected to an electrical

circuit. 1. These are pure These are semi-

Mathematically, semiconducting conducting tetravalent

tetravalent crystals. crystals doped with

XC = 1 impurity atoms of

2C

group III or V.

Where u = frequency of a.c. source

2. Their electrical Their electrical

C = capacitance of the capacitor.

conductivity is low. conductivity is high.

Ohm (W) is the SI unit of capacitor reactance.

6. According to Bohrs theory, a hydrogen atom 3. There is no There is permitted

consists of a nucleus with a positive charge Ze, and a permitted energy energy state of the

single electron of charge e, which revolves around state between impurity atom

it in a circular orbit of radius r. valence and between valence and

Here Z is the atomic conduction bands. conduction bands.

number and for

1 1 1

hydrogen Z =1. The +Ze r 8. From mirror formula, =

electrostatic force of e, m v f u

Nucleus

attraction between the Now for a concave mirror, f < 0 and for an object on

hydrogen nucleus and the left of the mirror, u < 0

the electron is

1 1 1

k e.e k e2 \ 2f < u < f or > >

F= = 2f u f

r2 r2

To keep the electron in its orbit, the centripetal force 1 1 1

or < <

on the electron must be equal to the electrostatic 2f u f

attraction. Therefore,

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

mv 2 ke 2 or < < or < <0

= f 2f f u f f 2f v

r r2

This implies that v < 0 so that image is formed on

ke 2

2 left. Also the above inequality implies.

or mv = ...(i)

r 2f > v

ke 2 or |2f | < |v| [Q 2f and v are negative]

or r = ...(ii)

mv 2 i.e., the real image is formed beyond 2f.

OR the galvanometer becomes zero. So in balanced

Let I0 be the intensity of polarised light after passing Wheatstone bridge, Ig = 0 and equations (i) and (ii)

through the first polariser P1. Then the intensity of become

light after passing through second polarised P2 will I1P I2R = 0 or I1P = I2R (iii)

be I1Q I2S = 0 or I1Q = I2S (iv)

I = I0 cos2q, Dividing equation (iii) by (iv), we get

P1

P R

P2 =

/2 Q S

P3 This gives us equation of balanced Wheatstone

bridge.

10. de Broglie wavelength of a particle of mass m and

charge q accelerating through a potential V is given

Let P2 be the polaride sheet rotated between P1 and by

h h

P3. Let I0 be intensity of unpolarised light incident l= = (i)

on polaride P1 the outcoming intensity will after P1 p 2mqV

will be I1 = I0/2 (i) Here, mp = m, qp = e, ma = 4mp = 4m, qa = 2qp = 2e

Let at a moment angle between polarises P1 and P2 From eqn. (i)

is q. The outcoming intensity will be p m qV

I \ =

I 2 = I1 cos 2 = 0 cos 2 m p q pVp

2

As the angle between polariser P1 and P3 is p/2 and 4m 2e V

angle between P1 and P2 is q. So the angle between 1= (Q lp = la)

m e Vp

P2 and P3 is (p/2 q). Vp

\ 8

Outcoming intensity after P3 is = ; Vp : Va = 8 : 1

I3 = I2cos2 (p/2 q) V 1

I (ii) Again from eqn. (i)

I 3 = 0 cos 2 sin 2

2 h h

2 l= =

I 1 p mv

or I 3 = 0 sin 2

2 2 p m v 4mv

\ = ;1=

Maximum outcoming intensity is received, when q mpv p mv p

= p/4 2

I 1 I vp

I3 = 0 = 0 = 4; vp : va = 4 : 1

2 2 8 v

9. Let four resistances P, Q, R and S are arrange to 11. Detection is the process of recovering the

form a bridge as shown in figure. modulating signal from the modulated carrier

b I I

1 g

wave. The modulated carrier wave contains the

P Q frequencies wc, wc wm and wc + wm.

Ig

I The original message signal m(t) of angular

2

a I1 1 G c I frequency wm can be obtained from AM signal by

I2 Rg

R S

using a simple method shown in the form of the

block diagram.

d I2 + Ig

K AM Wave

Rectifier Envelope m(t)

Output

(a) detector

V (b) (c)

Applying Kirchhoff s law in loop-1, abda

I1P + IgRg I2R = 0 (i) time time

time

Applying again Kirchhoff s law in loop-2, bcdb

(I1 Ig)Q (I2 + Ig)S IgRg = 0 (ii) AM input wave Rectified waveOutput (without

RF component)

Wheatstone bridge is said to be in balanced

Block diagram of detector for AM signal.

condition if electric current Ig flowing through

Page 70

The modulated signal of the form given in (a) of C1C2

above figure is passed through a rectifier. The Equivalent capacitance, Cs =

C1 + C2

rectifier conducts during the positive half cycles

only. Hence, the output signal shown in (b), is still 1 1 CC

Energy stored, Us = CsV2 = 1 2 V2

amplitude modulated, but consists of positive half 2 2 C1 + C2

cycles only. Here, Us = 0.045 J

In order to retrieve the original message signal 2U s (C1 + C2 )

m(t), the signal is passed through an envelope \ C1C2 =

detector (which may consist of a simple RC circuit). V2

The output of envelope detector is then the original 2 0.045 5 105

= = 4.5 1010

message signal m(t) as shown in (c) of above 104

figure.

12. Given situation is shown in figure C1 C2 = (C1 + C2 )2 4C1C2

E

I= = (5 105 )2 4 4.5 1010

r+R

C1 C2 = 2.64 105 (ii)

Solving eqn. (i) and (ii), we get

C1 = 38.2 F, C2 = 11.8 F

When capacitors are connected in parallel they have

different amount of charge and given by

Q1 = C1V = 38.2 106 100 = 38.2 104 C

Q2 = C2V = 11.8 106 100 = 11.8 104 C.

Terminal voltage, 14. Principle of working of a moving coil galvanometer :

V = E Ir A current carrying coil placed in a magnetic field

(i) V versus R, experiences a torque, the magnitude of which

depends on the strength of current.

V(volt)

E ER

V = E Ir = E r=

r+R r+R Galvanometer as a voltmeter :

R(ohm)

(ii) V versus I, Case (i)

V = E Ir V

When R = 4 W, then I1 = 1 A R1 = G (i)

Ig

E

V(volt)

\ 1= ; r + 4 = E (i)

r+4

1 I(ampere) Case (ii)

When R = 9 W, then I = 0.5 A = A

2 V

1 E r+4 R2 = G (ii)

\ = = [Using eqn. (i)] 2I g

2 r +9 r +9

r + 9 = 2r + 8, r = 1 W

From eqn. (i) Case (iii)

emf, E = 1 + 4 = 5 V 2V

R3 = G (iii)

13. When two capacitors C1 and C2 are in parallel, Ig

Equivalent capacitance, Cp = C1 + C2

1 1 Ig = current through galvanometer which is fixed.

Energy stored, Up = Cp V2 = (C1 + C2)V2

2 2 From eqn. eqn.(i) and (ii), we get

Here, Up = 0.25 J, V = 100 V V

R1 R2 = , G = R1 2R2

2U p 2 0.25 2I g

C1 + C2 = =

V 2

(100)2 Put these values in eqn. (iii), we get

\ C1 + C2 = 5 105 (i) R3 = 4(R1 R2) (R1 2R2)

When C1 and C2 are connected in series = 3R1 2R2

15. The photodiode V

is special-purpose ri = BE

diode. It is fabricated I B V

CE

with a transport Current amplification factor (b): This is defined

window to expose as the ratio of the change in collector current to the

its junction to light change in base current at a constant collector-emitter

radiations. It works voltage (VCE) when the transistor is in active state.

in reverse bias I

condition below the breakdown voltage. ac = C

I B V

When light of frequency u is incident on the CE

greater than the band gap of the semiconductor VCE = 10.0 V

(i.e., hu > Eg), additional electron-hole pairs 100

are created due to the conduction band. The 80

photogenerated charge carriers increase the 60 IB

conductivity of the semiconductor. Larger the 40 P

intensity of incident light, larger would be the 20 VBE

increase in the conductivity of semiconductor. VBE(V)

0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0

Consider the case of an n-type semiconductor.

Obviously, the majority carrier density (n) is To find the input resistance from input characteristic,

considerably larger than the minority hole density p mark a point P, draw a tangent on this point. The

(i.e., n >>p). On illumination, let the excess electrons reciprocal of the slope of the tangent gives input

and holes generated be Dn and Dp, respectively: resistance.

n = n + Dn

Collector current (IC) in mA

p = p + Dp.

Here n and p are the electron and hole 12.5

Base current (IB)

concentrations at any particular illumination and n 10 60 A

and p are carrier concentrations when there is no 7.5 50 A

40 A

illumination. Remember Dn = Dp and n >>p. Hence, 5

30 A

20 A

the fractional change in the majority carriers (i.e., 10 A

2.5

Dn/n) would be much less than that in the minority

carriers (i.e., Dp/p). In general, we can state that the 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4

fractional change due to the photo-effects on the Collector to emitter voltage (VCE) in volts

minority carrier dominated reverse bias current is

more easily measurable than the fractional change From output characteristic, find the ratio of change

in the forward bias current. Hence, photodiodes in collector current for the corresponding change in

are preferably used in the reverse bias condition for the base current. It gives the current amplification

measuring light intensity. factor.

16. IC Vout

17. (a) : Angular width, q = or d =

C d

IB RC Vout t 7

B Here, l = 600 nm = 6 10 m

Vin ~ E VCE

q = 0.1 =

0. 1

rad =

rad

t VBE IE 180 1800

VCC

VBB d=?

6 107 1800

CE amplifier with npn transistor

\ d= = 3.44 104 m

Input resistance (ri): This is defined as the ratio (b) : Frequency of a light depends on its source only.

of change in base-emitter voltage (DVBE) to the So, the frequencies of reflected and refracted

resulting change in base current (DIB) at constant light will be same as that of incident light.

collector-emitter voltage (VCE). Reflected light is in the same medium (air) so

its wavelength remains same as 500 .

Page 72

fo = 15 m

Wavelength of refracted light, lr =

w

w = refractive index of water.

So, wavelength of refracted wave will be h

decreased. Eye lens

18. Inductive reactance, XL = wL Objective lens

L Height of object

3.48

R i.e., Radius of moon Rm = 106 m

2

E Rm = 1.74 106 m

~ Distance of object = Radius of lunar orbit

R0 = 3.8 108 cm

Impedance of the circuit, Distance of image for objective lens is the focal

Z= X L2 + R2 = 2 L2 + R2 length of objective lens, fo = 15 m

Radius of image of moon by objective lens can

(i) When the number of turns in a inductor coil be calculated.

decreases then its inductance L decreases. So,

R h

the net impedance of the circuit decreases and tan = m =

current through the bulb (circuit) increases. R0 fo

Hence brightness (I2R) of bulb increases.

(ii) When an iron rod is inserted in the inductor, Rm fo 1.74 106 15

h= =

then its inductance L increases. So, Z will R0 3.8 108

increase and current through the bulb will

decrease. Hence, brightness of the bulb will h = 6.87 102 m

decrease. Diameter of the image of moon,

(iii) A capacitor is connected in the series in the DI = 2h = 13.74 102 m = 13.74 cm

circuit, so its impedance, 21. Einsteins photoelectric equation

1

2 2 Kmax = mv2 = hu f0 = hu hu0 (i)

Z = ( X L XC ) + R 2

Z=R (Q XL = XC) Here, Kmax = Maximum Kinetic energy of

This is the case of resonance so maximum photoelectron with speed v

current will flow through the circuit. Hence u = frequency of incident light

brightness of the bulb will increase. f0 (= hu0) = work function of the metal

19. (a) : Microwave are suitable for radar systems used Important features of photoelectric equation.

in aircraft navigation. (i) Kmax depends linearly on u and is independent

These wave are produced by special vacuum tubes, of intensity of incident light. This happen due

namely klystrons, magnetrons and Gunn diodes. quantum nature of light.

(b) Infrared waves are used to treat muscular pain. (ii) Since Kmax must be positive, equation implies

These waves are produced by hot bodies and that photoelectric emission is possible only if

molecules. hu > f0 = hu0 or u > u0

(c) X-ray are used as a diagnostic tool in medicine. Thus there exists a threshold frequency

These are produced when high energy electrons u0 (= f0/h) for the metal surface, below which

are stopped suddenly on a metal of high atomic no photoelectric emissions possible.

number. From eqn. (i)

20. (i) : Here, fo = 15 m = 1500 cm and fe = 1.0 cm hc

Kmax = f0

angular magnification by the telescope in normal

adjustment According to question,

f 1500 cm

m= o = = 1500 hc

fe 1.0 cm Kmax = f0 (ii)

1

(ii) The image of the moon by the objective lens is

formed on its focus only as the moon is nearly hc

2Kmax = f0 (iii)

infinite distance as compared to focal length. 2

From eqn. (ii) and (iii), Mass deffect,

hc hc Dm = (2.014102 + 3.016049) (4.002603 + 1.008665)

2 0 = 0 = 0.018883

1 2

Energy released,

2hc hc 2 1 Q = 0.018883 931.5 MeV = 17.589 MeV

f0 = = hc

1 2 1 2 23. (i) : Transformer is a device which is used to bring

hc 2 1 the high voltage down to low voltage of a.c.

Also, f0 = hc \ = hc current. It works on the principle of mutual

0 0 1 2

induction of two coils in a transformer.

1 2 2 1 12 (ii) Transformer does not work for dc voltage. A dc

or = ; 0 =

0 12 2 2 1 current gives constant magnetic field and constant

magnetic flux through the coil of fixed area of

22. Trajectory of a particles in coulomb field of target cross-section. As there is no change in magnetic

nucleus. flux so there is no induced emf in the coil.

Nucleus

Only a small (iii) The value displayed by the students are

fraction of gaining knowledge and curiosity to learn new

the number Incident > 90

things. The values displayed by the teacher are

of incident -particles +

providing good education and helpful.

a-particles (1 in 24. (a) Waves diffract when they encounter obstacles.

< 90

8000) rebound Applying Huygens principle it becomes clear. A

back. wavefront impinging on a barrier with a slit in it,

This shows that the number of a-particles only the points on the wavefront that move into the

undergoing head-on collision is small. This implies slit can continue emitting forward moving waves -

that the entire positive charge of the atom is but because a lot of the wavefront has been blocked

concentrated in a small volume. by the barrier, the points on the edges of the hole

So, this experiment is an important way to determine emit waves that bend round the edges.

an upper limit on the size of nucleus.

mass of nucleus

Density of nucleus =

volume

A 1 amu

=

4 3

R

3

where R = R0 A1/3

A 1 amu 1 amu

Density = =

4 3 4 3

R0 A R

3 3 0 Before the wavefront strikes the barrier the wavefront

r = 2.97 1017 kg m3 generates another forward moving wavefront. Once

so, nuclear density is constant irrespective of mass the barrier blocks most of the wavefront the forward

number or size. moving wavefront bends around the slit because the

OR secondary waves they would need to interfere with

Nuclear fission : It is the process in which a heavy to create a straight wavefront have been blocked by

nucleus (A > 230) when excited gets split up into the barrier.

two smaller nuclei of nearly comparable masses. Each point on the wavefront moving through the

For example, slit acts like a point source. We can think about

235 1 141 92 1

U + 0n Ba + 36Kr + 30n + Q some of the effect of this if we analyse what happens

92 56

when two point sources are close together and

Nuclear fusion : It is the process of fusion of two

emit wavefronts with the same wavelength and

smaller nuclei into a heavier nucleus with the

frequency. These two point sources represent the

liberation of large amount of energy. For example,

2 2 4

point sources on the two edges of the slit and we

1

H + 1H 2

He + 24 MeV can call the source A and source B as shown in the

2 3 4 figure.

1H + 1H 2He + n

Page 74

Each point source emits wavefronts from the a manner that the electric field due to induced

edge of the slit. In the diagram we show a series of charges opposes the external field within the

wavefronts emitted from each point source. The conductor. This happens until a static situation

continuous lines show peaks in the waves emitted is achieved i.e., when the two fields cancel

by the point sources and the dotted lines represent each other and the net electrostatic field in the

troughs. We label the places where constructive conductor becomes zero.

interference (peak meets a peak or trough meets a Dielectrics are non-conducting substances

trough) takes place with a solid diamond and places i.e., they have no charge carriers. Thus, in

where destructive interference (trough meets a a dielectric, free movement of charges is

peak) takes place with a hollow diamond. When the not possible. It turns out that the external

wavefronts hit a barrier there will be places on the field induces dipole moment by reorienting

barrier where constructive interference takes place molecules of the dielectric. The collective effect

and places where destructive interference happens. of all the molecular dipole moments is the net

charge on the surface of the dielectric which

produce a field that opposes the external field,

unlike a conductor in an external electric field.

However, the opposing field so induced does

not exactly cancel the external field. It only

A B reduces it. The extent of the effect depends on

the nature of the dielectric.

The measurable effect of the constructive or The effect of electric field on a conductor and a

destructive interference at a barrier depends on dielectric is shown below :

what type of waves we are dealing with.

(b) Refer point 6.14 (4 (ii)), (MTG Excel in Physics) E0 + E0 +

+ +

(c) On increasing the value of n, the part of slit E0 free E free++ E0 E0 Ein + E0

in + +

contributing to the maximum decreases. Hence,

E0 + Ein = 0++ E0 + Ein 0+

the maximum becomes weaker.

Conductor Dielectric

OR

(a) Refer point 6.5 (5 (ii) and (iii)), The dipole moment per unit volume is called

(MTG Excel in Physics) polarisation and is denoted by P. For linear

(b) Refer point 6.6 (1), (MTG Excel in Physics) isotropic dielectrics, P = cE

25. (a) Refer point 1.4 (3), (MTG Excel in Physics) where c is electric susceptibility of the dielectric

medium.

(b) E = 2 xi (b) The electric field inside a spherical conducting

So flux passes through y shell is zero.

Q

faces of cube which are So force experienced by the charge at the

perpendicular to x-axis. point C. 2

The magnitude of Q

F= E=Q0=0

electric field at the x 2

left face (x = 0), a A

z Q 2Q

EL = 0 x

The magnitude of electric field at the right face, Q C

(x = a), ER = 2a 2

So, net flux, f = E s

= EL Ds cos 180 + ERDs cos0 Force experienced by charge 2Q at point A,

= 0 + 2a a2 = 2a3 Q

Assume enclosed charge is q. FA = 2Q E A = 2Q

4 x 2

q 0

Use Gausss law, f = ; q = e0f

0 26. (a) Refer point 3.2 ((1), (4)), (MTG Excel in Physics)

\ q = 2a3e0 OR

OR (a) Refer point 4.2 (2(i)), (MTG Excel in Physics)

(a) When a conductor is placed in an external (b) Refer point 4.2 (2(vi)), (MTG Excel in Physics)

electric field, the free charges present inside (c) Refer point 4.2 (2(ii)), (MTG Excel in Physics)

the conductor redistribute themselves in such

Contd. from Page no. 30

82. (c) : Let R = {(x, y) : x + 2y = 8, x, y N}

Since 1.89 g of acid liberates 11946.14 cal of heat, \ x + 2y = 8 (which must be a natural number)

therefore heat liberated by 122 g (mol. wt. of benzoic 8x

acid) of acid y = \ x = {2, 4, 6} \ y = {3, 2, 1}

2

11946.14 122 \ R ={(x, y) : x + 2y = 8}

= = 771126.5 cal = 771.12 kcal

1.89 R = {(2, 3), (4, 2), (6, 1)}\Range of R = {1, 2, 3}

73. (c)

alc. KCN

83. (b) : A = {1, 2, 3, 4}, B = {1, 3, 5}

74. (a) : 2C6H5CHO C6H5CH(OH)COC6H5 R = {(a, b) : a < b, a A, b A}

Benzaldehyde Benzoin

= {(1, 3), (1, 5), (2, 3), (2, 5), (3, 5), (4, 5)}

The reaction is known as benzoin condensation.

\ R1 = {(3, 1), (5, 1), (3, 2), (5, 2), (5, 3), (5, 4)}

75. (a) : The cell is given as Now (3, 1) R1, (1, 3) R \ (3, 3) RoR1.

Zn|Zn2+(0.1 M)||Pb2+(0.1 M)|Pb

\ Ecell = Eright Eleft

= 0.126 ( 0.763) V = 0.637 V

Now, using Nernst equation

2+

Ecell = Ecell 0.059 V log [Pb 2 + ]

2 [Zn ]

(3, 1) R1, (1, 5) R (3, 5) RoR1

0.059 V [0.1] (5, 1) R1, (1, 3) R (5, 3) RoR1

Ecell = 0.637 V log

2 [0.1] (3, 2) R1, (2, 3) R (3, 3) RoR1

\ Ecell = 0.637 V (3, 2) R1, (2, 5) R (3, 5) RoR1

76. (b) : Compound which can stabilise the charge after (5, 2) R1, (2, 3) R (5, 3) RoR1

removal of proton, will be more acidic. (5, 2) R1, (2, 5) R (5, 5) RoR1

(5, 3) R1, (3, 5) R (5, 5) RoR1

(5, 4) R1, (4, 5) R (5, 5) RoR1

77. (a) : 2+ KCN quickly \ RoR1 = {(3, 3), (3, 5), (5, 3), (5, 5)}.

X = Cu Cu(CN)2

Yellow ppt.

decomposes 84. (c) : Making the equation of the curve homogeneous

with the help of the line, we get

in excess KCN

[Cu(CN)4]3 CuCN + (CN)2 hx + ky

x 2 + y 2 2(kx + hy)

Colourless Cyanogen 2hk

soluble complex

2

hx + ky

+ (h2 + k 2 c 2 ) = 0

2hk

H2S

passed No ppt.

Y = Cd

2+ KCN

Cd(CN)2

in excess KCN or 4h2k2x2 + 4h2k2y2 4hk2x(hx + ky)

White ppt. 4h2ky(hx + ky) + (h2 + k2 c2)(h2x2 + k2y2 + 2hkxy) = 0

H2S

This is the equation of the pair of lines joining the

2

CdS passed

[Cd(CN)4] origin to the points of intersection of the given line

Colourless

Yellow ppt.

soluble complex and the curve. They will be at right angles if

3+ KCN in excess KCN coefficient of x2 + coefficient of y2 = 0.

Z = Fe Fe(CN)3 K3[Fe(CN)6]

Reddish-brown ppt. Yellow solution

(h2 + k2)(h2 + k2 c2) = 0 since [h2 + k2 0]

h2 + k2 = c2.

78. (a) : 3rd period elements have more DHeg than 2nd

85. (d) : The centre of the circle

period elements and in a period it increases.

is (1, 1) and

79. (c) 80. (a) radius = 2 2.

81. (d) : sin2 x + sin2 y sin2 z From (a, a) must lie outside

= sin2 x + sin (y + z) sin (y z) the circle, so

= sin2 x + sin (y + z) sin ( x) 2a2 4a 6 > 0

= sin x [sin x + sin (y + z)] a < 1 or a > 3

= sin x [sin ( + z y) + sin (y + z)] 2 2

Now, tan = .

= sin x [sin (y + z) sin (z y)] = 2 sin x cos z sin y 2 2a2 4a 6

76 physics for you | april 15

Page 76

91. (d) : 50C6 5C1 40C6 + 5C2 30C6 5C3 20C6 + 5C4 10C6

As << < < = coefficient of x6 in [5C0 (1 + x)50 5C1(1 + x)40

3 6 2 2

+ 5C2(1 + x)30 5C3(1 + x)20 + 5C4(1 + x)10 5C5(1 + x)0]

2 2 1

> a2 2a 3 < 2 3 = coefficient x6 in [(1 + x)10 1]5

2

2a 4a 6 3 = 5C1 (10C1)4 (10C2) = 2250000

2

a 2a 15 < 0 3 < a < 5 3

a (3, 1) (3, 5). 92. (b) : y = 2

x +1

sin cos sin 3 cos 3 sin 9 cos 9

86. (b) : = + + x2 = 3 y ...(i)

cos 3 cos cos 9 cos 3 cos 27 cos 9 y

sin 2 sin 6 sin 18 When x = 0, y = 3; x = , y = 0

2 = + +

cos 3 cos cos 9 cos 3 cos 27 cos 9

sin(3 ) sin(9 3) sin(27 9) x2 = 2 x = 2

= + + 1 1

cos 3 cos cos 9 cos 3 cos 27 cos 9 2(x2 + 1) = 3 x 2 = x =

= tan 3q tanq) + (tan 9q tan3q) + tan27q tan9q) 2 2

= tan27q tanq = a \ a = 2B. 1 1

2 Area = 2 1 + 0 2

87. (a) : f (x ) = cos x cos(x + 2) cos (x + 1) 2 2

= cos(x + 1 1)cos(x + 1 + 1) cos2(x + 1) 1 2 3

Definite integral = + =

= cos2(x + 1) sin21 cos2(x + 1) by using 2 2 2

cos2A sin2B = cos(A + B) cos(A B) 93. (c)

f ( x) = sin 2 1 (constant) 94. (a) : f (x + 4) = f (x + 2) f (x)

x = f (x) = sin2 1 f (x + 6) = f (x + 4) f (x + 2)

2

f(x) represents a straight line through = f (x + 2) f (x) f (x + 2) = f (x)

f (x + 12) = f (x)

2

, sin 1 which is parallel to x-axis as +12 12

2

f(x) = sin21 is a constant.

f (x)dx = f (x)dx

0

88. (d) : Each coupon can be selected in 15 ways. The 1

sin xdt

total number of ways of choosing 7 coupons is 157. 95. (b) : sin2 x + (t cos x)2

If largest number is 9, then the selected numbers 1

have to be from 1 to 9 excluding those consisting of 1

sin x t cos x

only 1 to 8. = tan 1

97 87 3 7 8 7 sin x sin x 1

Desired probability is = =

157 5 15

x x

89. (c) : The total numbers of arrangements is = tan 1 tan + tan 1 cot

2 2

11! 11! x

= 0<x< 0< <

2 !2 !2 ! 8 2 2

The number of arrangements in which C, E, H, I, S 1 x x x x

tan tan + tan 1 cot = + =

11 6 ! 11! 2 2 2 2 2 2

appear in that order = 5 = x

2 !2 !2 ! 8 5! < x < 2 < <

11! 11! 1 1 2 2

Required Probability = = = x x x x

8 5 ! 8 5 ! 120 tan 1 tan + tan 1 cot = + =

2 2 2 2 2 2

30

The range is ,

90. (c) : n(Ai ) = 5 30 = 150

i =1 2 2

Suppose S has m elements x

1

150 = 10m m = 15 96. (c) : f (x) = (x t )2 g (t )dt

2

n 0

x x

n(Bi ) = 3n = 9m n = 3m = 45 1

f (x) = 2(x t )g (t )dt ; f (x) = g (t )dt

i =1 2

0 0

Page 77

f (x) = g(x) f (1) = 5 104. (b) : A is orthogonal |A| = 1

f (1) = 2 ; f (1) f (1) = 3 B is skew symmetric matrix of odd order |B| = 0

3 \ |AB| = |A||B| |AB| = 0

97. (b) : F (x) = 4 sin x + 3 cos x > 0 x ,

4 4 105. (d) : 2 log10 x logx(10)2 = 2log10 x + 2logx 10

\ F (x) is strictly increasing 2

/ 4 = 2 log10 x + 4

log10 x

F(x)least = (4 sin t + 3 cos t )dt

106. (c) : (a + b)5 + (a b)5 = 2[a5 + 10a3b2 + 5ab4]

/6

[x + (x3 1)1/2]5 + [x (x3 1)1/2]5

1 1 1 3

= 3 4 = 2[x5 + 10x3(x3 1) + 5x(x3 1)2]

2 2 2 2 \ given expression is a polynomial of degree 7.

2 1 2 3 107. (b) : Given :

= 3 4

2 2 x x

f (x) = (a2 3a + 2) cos2 sin2 + (a 1)x + sin 1

4 4

3 2 34 2 + 4 3 4 3 2 3

= = 1 x

2 2 f (x) = (a 1)(a 2)sin + (a 1)

2 2 2

x +4 4 x 2

98. (d) : a = 3 = |x |+ 3 Now, f (x) = 0 a = 1, sin =

|x| |x| 2 a2

4 x

But sin 1 | a 2 | 2

2 |x| 3= 4 3 = 1 2

|x|

a ( , 0] [4, ) {1}

a1

99. (a) : The equation x2 + ax + b = 0 has distinct real 108. (d) : y3 3y + x = 0

roots and x2 + a|x| + b = 0 has only one real root. So x = y3 + 3y < 2 y3 3y 2 > 0

one root of the equation x2 + ax + b = 0 is zero and (y + 1)2 (y 2) > 0 y > 2

other root negative. dy 1

= <0

dx 3(1 y 2 )

1

109. (d) : f ( x ) = cot 1 x + ln x

2

1 1 2x + 1 + x 2 (1 x)2

f (x) = + = =

1 + x 2 2x 2x(1 + x 2 ) 2x(1 + x 2 )

100. (a) : det(Adj (Adj A)) = |A|n 2n + 1

2

1

n = 3, |A| = 14, det (Adj (Adj A) = 144 f is increasing fmax = f ( 3) = + ln 3

6 4

1 1 1 x 110. (c) : Df = {3, 2, 1, 1, 2, 3}

101. (a) : 5 1 y = 10

1 5

2 3 1 z 6 Range = , , 1 + 2

R2 R2 5R1 9 4

1 1 1 x

R3 R3 2R1

0 6 5 y = 10 5

R3 6R3

0 0 23 z 46 17 111. (a) : D.E. is dy dx + y 1 1 dy = 0

y x

R3 R3 + R2 y 2

x 2

m 23 0. m 23 dy dx

y2 x2 1 1 y2

102. (a) : B = A1BA + y dy = 0 ln + =C

1 1 y x 2

AB = A(A1BA) AB = (AA1)(BA)

y x

AB = IBA or AB + BA = 0

103. (b) : AAT = I xy y2

ln + =C

a = 2, b = 1 xy 2

Page 78

1 120. (c)

2

112. (a) : (x ln x + 2x 2x ) dx 121. (d) : Case I : solution : Let z = x + iy

0 Then z2 + z + 1 = a (x + iy)2 + (x + iy) + 1 = a

1 2 3 + 12 8 7 x2 y2 + i (2xy + y) + x + 1 = a

= +1 = = (x2 y2 + x + 1) + iy(2x + 1) a = 0

4 3 12 12

1

113. (a) : sin51x (sinx)49 = (sinx cos50x) (sinx)49 Now y = 0 or x = for imaginary part to be zero

2

+ cosx sin50x (sinx)49 x2 + x + 1 a = 0 D 0 1 4(1 a) 0

d 3

((sin x)50 sin 50x) 3 + 4a 0 4a 3 a

= dx 4

50 Similarly one can investigate the other possibility.

114. (b) : It is obvious from the given functional Case II : z2 + z + 1 a = 0

relation that degree of polynomial is 1. Putting z2 + z + (1 a) = 0

f (x) = ax + b As imaginary part of z is non-zero, we must have

we get a = 2, b = 3 i.e. f (x) = 2x 3 1 4(1 a) < 0

3

115. (a) : According to L.M.V.T, Then 4a 3 < 0 a <

4

f (x) f (0) 3

= | f (C1)| 1 | f (x)| | x | Hence a cannot take the value .

x 4

122. (b) 123. (b)

f (x) f (0)

Again, = f (C2 ) | x | | f (x)| | x 2 |

x x2 + x + 1

124. (b) : lim ax b = 4

116. (b) : 0 {x} < 1 ; 0 sin{x} < sin1 x x + 1

1 1 1 x 2 + x + 1 ax 2 ax bx b

lim =4

< < or {1, 2, 3, ....} x x +1

sin 1 sin{x} sin{x}

1 1 (1 a)x 2 + (1 a b) x + 1 b

117. (a) : a b2 c 2 = b a2 b2 b = ac lim =4

2 2 x x +1

1 1 1a=0 \ a=1

a b2 c 2 = b a2 b2 b = ac 1ab=4 \ b=4

2 2

1 2 2 125. (b) : f(x) = 2x3 15x2 + 36x + 1

= b a b b = ac

2 We have f (x) = 6x2 30x + 36 = 6(x2 5x + 6)

Q A.M. G.M.

= 6 (x 3)(x 2)

b2 f(0) = 1

118. (c) : 2 + 2 = 2 3

2 f(3) = 54 135 + 108 + 1 = 28

f(2) = 16 60 + 72 + 1 = 29

Then the range = (1, 29)

Hence the given function is onto. But it is not

one-one, as f takes both positive and negative

values.

126. (a) 127. (d) 128. (b) 129. (b) 130. (d)

119. (c) : Sa = 3, S ab = 6, abg = 8

131. (b) 132. (a) 133. (a) 134. (c) 135. (d)

1 1 1

Since , , , and , lie on the 136. (d) 137. (b) 138. (d) 139. (a) 140. (d)

hyperbola xy = 1. Therefore, orthocentre will be 141. (a) 142. (a) 143. (d) 144. (b) 145. (b)

1 146. (d) 147. (b) 148. (b) 149. (c) 150. (d)

,

Page 79

LC Oscillations

A capacitor is charged and connected to an inductor at Comparing this with a standard simple harmonic

t = 0, as shown. equation of a particle in simple harmonic motion,

d2 x

= 2 x ,

2

dt

we conclude that the charge on the capacitor oscillates

simple harmonically. The angular frequency of

oscillation of charge, hence becomes

The entire system is lossless, since there are no resistors 1 1

2 = =

in the circuit. t seconds later, let us assume, the charge LC LC

on the capacitor reduces to q and current through Hence, the time period of oscillation of charge is

inductor is i. 2

T= = 2 LC

\ The charge on the capacitor can be expressed in

terms of a sinusoidal function (either sine or a cosine).

\ q(t) = Q sin(wt + f)

But as at t = 0, q = Q, hence f = p/2

\ q(t) = Q cos(wt) (i)

The electric field energy gets converted to electric plus

[Q sin(90 + q) = cosq]

magnetic field energy.

Remember this as a thumb rule, that, if a physical

The total energy at any instant can be written as

quantity varies simple harmonically and it starts

Q2 (i) from 0 (zero) initial value, use sine function

UC + U L = = constant

2C i.e. x(t) = Asin(wt)

where UC = energy stored in capacitor in the form of (ii) from maximum value, use cosine function

electric field energy i.e. x(t) = Acos(wt)

UL = energy stored in inductor in the form of (iii) from any value in between 0 and maximum value

magnetic field energy (A), use x(t) = Asin(wt + f)

q2 1 2 Q 2 where f can be found out using initial conditions.

+ Li = From equation (i), we can also find out the current in

2C 2 2C

Differentiating this equation with respect to time, the circuit.

we get dq Q

i= = Q( sin t ) i(t ) = sin(t )

2q dq di dt LC

+ 2Li = 0 Q

C dt dt where clearly indicates maximum current in the

q di dq LC

= L dt = i circuit.

C dt This electrical system can be compared to the mechanical

d 2q 1 system, i.e. simple harmonic motion of a particle in

= q

dt 2 LC motion.

Contributed By: Bishwajit Barnwal, Aakash Institute, Kolkata

Page 80

physics for you | april 15 81

The comparison is shown below. Q Q

q= and i =

Simple harmonic motion LC oscillation 2 2

of a particle In short, just by drawing the comparison, solve the

x (instantaneous q (instantaneous charge question as if it was a question of simple harmonic

displacement of particle) on capacitor) motion, since we are already comfortable with

A (amplitude of Q (maximum charge on simple harmonic motion.

oscillation) capacitor)

dx dq

v= (velocity of i= (current through

dt dt Steps to Deal With Exam Stress

particle) terminals of capacitor)

v0 = vmax = wA (maximum i0 = imax = wQ Exams are just to assess your preparation. So just relax, it is not the

speed of particle) (maximum current) end of the world if you do not perform well in them.

Organize : Make sure you have all the things necessary for the

1 2 q2 exam, your stationery, your identity card, your watch etc. last minute

kx (potential energy (energy stored in

2 2C searching for things can stress your mind further and create panic

of oscillation) during the exam which can be disastrous.

capacitor)

Diet : Before you go to the exam, eat foods that are energy

k (spring constant) 1 producing and at the same time not too heavy on your stomach that

(inverse of

C make you sleepy in the examination hall. Never go in on an empty

capacitance) stomach as you can end up concentrating more on your hunger than

your exam paper.

1 2 1 2

mv (kinetic energy of Li (energy stored in Relax : One hour before the exam, relax!! Dont stress yourself

2 2 feeding more information to your already worked-up brain. Whatever

oscillation) inductor) you have learned, be confident of it and try to picture a calm stream,

or take some deep breaths. You have done your preparation and

m (mass) L (inductance, hence now you should prepare yourself to give your best. a tired mind will

inductors are also known do no good, so it is necessary to go into the hall with a refreshed

as electrical inertia) mind. You have worked hard for it and nobody can take away your

hard work. remember natures law, What you give always comes

back to you. if you not prepared well, let your mind accept the fact.

v = A2 x 2 (speed of i = Q 2 q2 (current it is not possible to go unprepared and expect no stress and good

the particle as a function in the circuit as a function results. instead of trying to revise that topic you forgot to learn, try

of position) and briefly go over the different topics in your head so that way

of charge on capacitor) you keep an organised and open mind without putting pressure on

From this analogy, we learn that, if we can understand yourself to learn that other topic.

this comparison, we can straight forward use the standard Plan : Once you get the question paper in your hand, read all the

results of simple harmonic motion here. For example, questions and make a quick rough plan how you are going to invest

1. Time taken for charge on capacitor to reach from your time for doing your best. attempt the questions which you

know the best first. in this manner, you will increase your confidence

Q Q T T further. appreciate yourself for remembering the solutions and

q = 0 to q = and q = to q = Q are and

2 2 12 6 answers; your brain will work better. Never curse yourself if you

respectively, because these are equivalent to phase forgot or didnt study something which you thought about studying.

remember it is too late now, and that your focus should be on the

changes of p/6 and p/3 radians respectively. present moment.

2. If q is cosine function, i is sine function, and Cross-check : The last 15 minutes should be to review your paper.

sine-cosine being complimentary pairs, we can use it is very important to check your answers again in the end. recheck

sin2q + cos2q = 1 every answer with patience and you will be surprised by how many

careless faults you come across. Make the necessary corrections.

Q 1

which means if q = , i.e., cos = , we get Forget : Most of the time after the exam is over, we worry about

2 2 the results or waste time discussing what our friends have written.

3 3 realize that the time to do something about the results passed when

sin = hence i = Q

2 2 you handed the answer sheet to the examiner. Knowing how your

3. If the charge/current is to be found when the initial friend did on the paper will only add more worry. it is better to

concentrate on how you will face your next exam or how you are

energy of capacitor is equally shared between the going to spend your time efficiently.

capacitor and inductor, this effectively means the

case when sinq = cosq. Hence q = 45

82 physics for you | april 15

Page 82

6. (a) : Let v is the speed of the centre of the ring then,

Loss in PE = Gain in KE 2

1 1 1 v

Solution Set-20 mgR = m(v 2 + v 2 ) + mv 2 + (mR2 )

2 2 2 R

1 1 1 gR

1. (d) : As = ( 1) + mgR = 2mv 2 or v = v 2= gR

f R1 R2 2

1 1 1 7. (c): Charge, q = C(Blv0) = constant

= (1.5 1) +

10 R R dq

I= = 0 \ Current is zero.

1 2 dt

= 0. 5 R = 10 cm

10 R 8. (c): Here, u = 1000 Hz

Refraction from first surface,

2 1 2 1 v 3v

= 1000 = =

v u R 4l1 4l2

1. 5 1 1. 5 1 Using v = 320 m s1, we get,

= v1 =

v1 20 +10 l1 = 8 cm and l2 = 24 cm

For the second surface, \ Minimum volume = 16 100 = 1600 cm3.

2 1. 5 2 1 . 5 9. (c):

= v = 40 cm

v 10 T T

^ ^ ^ ^ ^

2. (b) : R = i 2 ( i N ) N T T F

m

^ ^

^ ^ i 3 ^ i 3 ^

= i 2 i j j

2 2 2 2 Equation of motion for pulley, F 2T = mP a

Since pulley is massless i.e., mP = 0

^

i 3^ F

= j F = 2T, \ T=

2 2 2

dp mv

^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ 2 10. (c): F = =

3. (d) : ( i 2 j) j = | i 2 j | | j |cos cos dt t

5 r

1 For quarter of a circle, v = v 2 and t =

sin = 2v

5 2 2 mv 2

Using Snells law at the interface \ F=

r

1 5 4

2 = sin sin = 2 = 2

5 2 5

5 4 3 Solution Senders of Physics Musing

= sin sin = cos =

5 2 5 5 1 = 5 ^

r sET-20

2

^ 4^ 3^ 1. Sandeep Kumar Rana (Kangra)

So, r = i j

5 5 2. Anubhav (Punjab)

4. (d) : Surface area of bubble of radius, r = 4pr2. 3. Anubhab Banerjee (Kolkata)

Surface area of bubble of radius 2r = 4p(2r)2 = 16pr2

4. Soumya Mukherjee

Therefore, increase in surface area

sET-19

= 16pr2 4pr2 = 12pr2

Since a bubble has two surfaces, the total increase in 1. Rohan Hore (Kolkata)

surface area = 24pr2. 2. Shivam Gupta

\ Energy spent = work done = surface tension 3. Shashi Kant (Rajasthan)

increase in surface area = 24psr2

4. Shreyam Maity (West Bengal)

5. (d) : Freq = mg + 2 [T (2pR)]

5. Himan Kumar Kundu (West Bengal)

= 0.1 + 2 (75 103 (0.2)) = 0.130 N

Y U ASK

Ans. Automobile Webbing

seat belts

u nw i n d

freely when

WE ANSWER

Lock Bar

pulled gently,

so they can Pendulum

Force

Do you have a question that you just cant get be buckled. Normal condition During accident

answered? But in an

Use the vast expertise of our mtg team to get to the accident, they hold you safely in place. A seat belt

bottom of the question. From the serious to the silly, mechanism consists of a ratchet wheel, a locking

the controversial to the trivial, the team will tackle the bar, and a pendulum. The belts is wound around

questions, easy and tough. a spool mounted on the ratchet wheel. While the

The best questions and their solutions will be printed in car is at rest or moving at a constant velocity, the

this column each month. pendulum hangs straight down, and the locking

bar rests horizontally. Consequently, nothing

Q1. When a bubble on the surface of a liquid, such

prevents the ratchet wheel from turning, and the

as water, bursts, why does it throw tiny water

seat belt can be pulled out easily. However, when

drops up into the air? the car suddenly slows down in an accident, the

Anuj Gupta (U.P.)

relatively massive lower part of the pendulum

Ans. A bubble on a liquid surface bursts because the keeps moving forward because of its inertia. The

liquid in the thin layer forming its top surface pendulum swings on its pivot into the position

drains until it ruptures. As the rupture opens shown in the figure and causes the locking bar

up the full top of the bubble, the sides of the to block the rotation of the ratchet wheel, thus

bubble are pulled down to its bottom by surface preventing the seat belt from unwinding.

tension, that is, by the mutual attraction of the

Q4. Why will a used tennis ball generally reach the

molecules along the bubble wall. Descending

receiver faster than a new tennis ball that is hit

liquid from opposite sides of the bubble collide

exactly the same way?

at the bottom and shoot upward, forming a jet

Kajal Sirohi (Bhopal)

(column of water). The jet is unstable and surface

tension quickly pinches it off into drops, which Ans. The flight time of a tennis ball is determined by

are the drops thrown up into the air by a bursting air drag on the ball. If a given shot (speed and

bubble. angle) is repeated many times, starting with a

Q2. When we keep refrigerator open in a closed new ball, the air drag first increases and then

room, the temperature of room increases, why? gradually decreases to some minimum value.

Sumon Ghosh Presumably the reason lies in the nap (the surface

fuzz). Initial play raises the nap, which then

Ans. A refrigerator is a heat engine that operates in

catches more air and thus increases the air drag.

the backward direction i.e., it extracts heat from

However, eventually the nap becomes torn away

a low temperature reservoir and transfers it to or flattened, and the air drag decreases. Thus, the

a high temperature reservoir. No refrigerator is server has a slight advantage when playing with

completely efficient. Thus, it exhausts more heat a well-worn ball because the ball encounters less

into the room than it extracts from it. Obviously, drag than a new one and reaches the receiver in

the net effect is to increase the temperature of the less time, making a return more difficult.

room. Thus, a room cannot be cooled by keeping

the door of a refrigerator open. A refrigerator can

remove heat from the inside air and reject it into

The ideals which have lighted

the room.

my way, and time after time

Q3. In an automobile seat belt, a sudden jerk to the have given me new courage to

belt results in heightened tension and an arrest face life cheerfully, have been

of forward motion, but if it is stretched gently, Kindness, Beauty and Truth.

the belt offers no resistance, why? Albert Einstein

Page 84

Readers can send their answer with complete address before 15th of every month to win exciting prizes.

Winners name with their valuable feedback will be published in next issue.

5. The degree of highness or lowness of a 1 2 3 4 5 6

tone. (5) 7

7. The reciprocal of reluctance. (9) 8 9

8. Pulling force exerted by each end of a 10 11

string, wire or rod. (7)

12

11. A wave whose frequency is an integral

13

multiple of the frequency of some

14 15

reference level. (8)

12. The degree of agreement between a 16

quantity. (8) 19

whose temperature is constant. (8) 21 22

14. Phenomenon of melting under pressure

and freezing again when pressure is 23 24

reduced. (10) 25

17. SI unit of physical quantity represented

26 27

by magnetic flux per unit area. (5)

19. Pattern of dark and bright bands

28

produced by interference or diffraction.

(7)

20. The path traced by an electron revolving 29 30

strain curve to decide whether the 33

material is brittle or ductile. (8, 5)

24. A device used for measuring the rate

of flow of a liquid flowing through a

pipe. (7, 5) 6. A route along which information can be sent in a

26. A U-shaped pipe that uses atmospheric pressure to draw communication system. (7)

liquid from one level to another. (6) 9. Mass equivalent of binding energy. (4, 6)

27. A decay process in which neutrino or anti-neutrino is 10. The densest and smallest star known to exist in the universe.

emitted. (4, 5) (7, 4)

28. The unattainable lower limit to temperature. (8, 4) 12. A length unit equal to 0.1 nm. (8)

29. Table used to compute the values of logical expressions. 15. Steady flow in which the fluid moves in parallel

(5, 5) layers. (7, 4)

30. The fidelity of reproduction of a sound. (7) 16. Any substance used in nuclear reactor to decrease the speed

31. A single vibration of current, light or other wave. (5) of fast neutrons. (9)

32. The most efficient heat engine. (6, 6) 18. An application of Doppler effect in medical sciences. (10)

33. Negative acceleration. (11) 22. An instrument used for measuring potential difference. (12)

23. Any stimulus that initiates operation of an electronic circuit

DoWN

or device. (7)

1. Name given to the electromagnetic radiation emitted during

25. A mixture of substances having a minimum melting

radioactive decay. (5)

point. (8)

2. SI unit of activity or decay rate. (9)

30. A fundamental constituent of particles that take part in

3. An instrument for showing the direction of the wind. (4, 4)

strong interactions. (5)

4. Material having different physical properties in different

directions. (11)

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86 physics for you | april 15

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