Name

:
Date:

Chapter 11 / 12 Test (68 Marks)

Multiple Choice (24 marks)
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

____ 1. A definition of current electricity is _____.
A. the flow of electrons in all directions through an insulator
B. the steady flow of charged particles in a circuit
C. the build-up of electric charges on an object
D. the loss of electric charges through a conductor

____ 2. Which of the following examples can be used to demonstrate the behaviour of current
electricity?
A. water freezing on a lake C. water flowing down a river
B. water contained in a hot water D. water being held back by a dam
tank

____ 3. Your portable stereo requires current electricity to power it. Why would you not be able
to use static electricity to perform the same task?
A. Static electricity would not be able to provide enough voltage to
operate the portable stereo.
B. Static electricity cannot provide a continuous flow of electrons
necessary to operate the portable stereo.
C. Static electricity produces only a fraction of the amperes necessary to
operate the portable stereo.
D. Static electricity cannot flow through the conductor needed to operate
the portable stereo.

____ 4. You attach a small light bulb to the negative terminal of a battery but the light does not
work. You then attach a second wire from the light bulb to the positive terminal of the
same battery. Why is this second wire necessary?
A. The electrons must be allowed to flow from the positive terminal of the
battery to the light bulb.
B. The electrons need a complete circuit from the negative terminal to the
positive terminal.
C. The electrons must continually flow from both the positive and negative
terminal to light the bulb.
D. The electrons from the battery must be allowed to flow through the light
bulb along two different paths.

____ 5. An electrochemical cell can be used to provide many devices with energy to operate.
What energy conversion takes place in an electrochemical cell?
A. electrical energy into any form of energy required by the device
B. chemical energy into any form of energy required by the device
C. electrical energy to chemical energy that is then used by the device
D. chemical energy to electrical energy that is then used by the device

____ 6. On the weekend, you helped your dad replace the car battery in the family car. Your
dad explains that it has to be replaced because the entire zinc electrode has reacted
with the sulphuric acid. He is replacing the battery with a similar battery that has had
its zinc electrode replaced. What kind of cell is the car battery?
A. dry cell C. rechargeable cell
B. primary cell D. wet cell

____ 7. A pacemaker is a device used to help keep a person’s heart beating regularly. It is
powered by a small electrochemical cell that can last from 5 to 12 years before it needs
to be replaced. Which type of cell is best suited for this task, considering the device is
implanted just under the skin?
A. dry cell C. wet cell
B. secondary cell D. rechargeable cell

____ 8. To operate electrical devices, what condition(s) must be met?
A. A flow of electrons must come from an energy source.
B. A flow of electrons must have a complete path to flow through.
C. A charge must build up until enough discharge can move through the
device.
D. Both a and b must be met.

____ 9. What is the most important reason for recycling old dry cells?
A. There is no advantage to recycling old dry cells.
B. They can start fires in landfills.
C. They can be recharged and sold again.
D. They contain many toxic materials and heavy metals.

____ 10. In an electric circuit, what is the purpose of a switch?
A. to act as a resistor in the circuit
B. to turn the flow of electricity on and off
C. to control the voltage in the circuit
D. to allow the amount of current to be varied

____ 11. You have learned that resistance in a wire changes with both the length and diameter
of the wire. Which wire would offer the most resistance to an electrical current?
A. a wire that is 25 cm long and has a diameter of 3 mm
B. a wire that is 25 cm long and has a diameter of 1.5 mm
C. a wire that is 50 cm long and has a diameter of 3 mm
D. a wire that is 50 cm long and has a diameter of 1.5 mm

____ 12. An ohmmeter is a device named after the German scientist Georg Simon Ohm. What
does the ohmmeter measure?
A. the amount of current in a wire C. the amount of electrons in a wire
B. the amount of voltage in a wire D. the amount of resistance in a wire

____ 13. Electricians often use multimeters in their work. What is the advantage of these
devices over other meters?
A. Multimeters are cheaper to purchase than other meters.
B. Multimeters can measure currents in both amps (A) and milliamps (mA).
C. Multimeters give more accurate readings than other meters.
D. Multimeters are capable of measuring voltage, current, and resistance.

____ 14. Carbon-composition resistors are used to control the resistance within electrical
devices. What determines the amount of resistance that these devices provide?
A. the placement of the resistor in C. the number of wraps of wire
the circuit
B. their size and composition D. the thickness and length of wire
used

____ 15. Which of the following would be considered to be a load when added to a simple
circuit?
A. an ammeter C. a wire
B. a switch D. a buzzer

____ 16. How is a fuel cell different from the cells that make up most batteries that we are
familiar with?
A. A fuel cell is much smaller and cheaper.
B. A fuel cell does not lose energy to the environment as heat.
C. A fuel cell cannot be recharged.
D. A fuel cell is designed to be refilled with a fuel such as hydrogen.

____ 17. The strength of a battery is determined by the potential difference between two points
on the circuit contained within the battery. What is the common term used to describe
this strength, or potential difference?
A. resistance C. wattage
B. voltage D. current

____ 18. What phrase best describes this circuit?
A. a series circuit with three loads and a battery
B. a parallel circuit with three loads and a battery
C. a series circuit with three loads and a two-cell battery
D. a parallel circuit with three loads and a two-cell battery

____ 19. How many different paths can electricity flow through in this circuit?
A. one C. none
B. two D. three
____ 20. What phrase best describes this circuit?
A. a series circuit with three loads and a battery
B. a parallel circuit with three loads and a two-cell battery
C. a parallel circuit with three loads and a battery
D. a series circuit with three loads and a two-cell battery

____ 21. How many different paths can electricity flow through in this circuit?
A. three C. two
B. none D. one

____ 22. What occurs when there is a short circuit?
A. An accidental high-resistance connection between two points in a
circuit, often resulting in a large current flow.
B. An accidental high-resistance connection between two points in a
circuit, often resulting in a small current flow.
C. An accidental low-resistance connection between two points in a circuit,
often resulting in a small current flow.
D. An accidental low-resistance connection between two points in a circuit,
often resulting in a large current flow.

____ 23. What is a difference between a fuse and a circuit breaker?
A. Fuses are for AC circuits, whereas circuit breakers are for DC circuits.
B. Fuses are for DC circuits, whereas circuit breakers are for AC circuits.
C. Fuses are designed to work once, whereas circuit breakers can be used
many times.
D. Circuit breakers are designed to work once, whereas fuses can be used
many times.

____ 24. On a three-prong plug, the third prong (which is usually round) is connected directly to
the metal case of electrical appliances. What is this round plug connected to at the
other end?
A. the source of electron energy at the circuit breaker box
B. the series circuit that runs to every appliance in the house
D. the positive terminal of a battery
D. the ground
Short Answer (32 marks)

25. When adding lights to an unknown circuit, each lamp being added glows more dimly.
What type of circuit is this, and why do the lights get dimmer? What would happen if you
removed one light bulb from the circuit? (3 marks)

26. If you are ever in a vehicle that is in contact with electrical power lines, what should you
do? How would you leave your vehicle if you must exit the vehicle because of a fire or other
safety concern? (2 marks)

27. How does a battery generate potential difference? (2 marks)

28. Why is it typical for a house to have many parallel circuits and not series circuits? (2
marks)

29. What is the amount of electrical energy consumption measured in? (1 mark)
30. List 5 different ways you can conserve energy in your home. (5 marks)

31. Choose one type of alternative energy, state if it is renewable or non-renewable and give
one advantage and one disadvantage of it. (3 marks)

32. Draw a schematic diagram for the following diagram. (2 marks) (See attached chart for
symbols)

33. What is a resistor? (1 mark)
34. What is the difference between conductors and insulators in terms of resistance? (2
marks)

35. Complete the following table: (9 marks)

Symbol SI Unit (name, Measured using
symbol) an…
Potential
Difference
Electric
Current
Resistance

Calculations (12 marks)
Using Ohm’s Triangle, calculate the following questions:

36. A 40 V battery generates a current through a 10  resistor. How much current does the
battery generate? (3 marks)

37. A current of 12.0 A flows through a 35  resistor in a circuit. What is the voltage? (3
marks)
38. An electric stove is connected to a 500 V outlet. If the current flowing through is it 25 A,
what is the resistance of the heating element? (3 marks)

39. Using Kirchhoff’s laws, CHOOSE ONE out of the 3 questions to answer. (1 mark)

a. Using Kirchoff’s Law, calculate the potential difference for the following circuit.

b. Using Kirchoff’s Law, calculate the current for the following circuit.
c. Using Kirchoff’s Law, calculate the Requivalent for the following circuit.

40. If the energy used by a microwave is 0.7 kW and it is turned on for 2 hours, what is the
electrical energy that is used? How much would it cost at 12 cents/hour? (2 marks)

Data Table
Kirchoff’s Laws

Series Circuit Parallel Circuit
Current Is= I1= I2= I3 Is= I1+I2+ I3

Potential Difference/ Vs= V1+V2+ v3 Vs= V1= V2= V3
Voltage
Resistance Req = R1 + R2 + R3 1
=
R eq
1 1 1
+ +
R1 R2 R3

Ohm’s Magic Triangle

Schematic Diagram Symbols

Energy Consumption Equations
E = Energy consumed x Time (hours)
Cost = E x cents/hr