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COVER PAGE DATED : 02/02/16

MECHANICAL DESIGN CALCULATION


REPORT FOR I BEAM SUPPORT
PROJECT Beam Design
EQUIPMENT NAME Oil Storage Tank support
CLIENT -
PREPARED BY VENVEL THERMAL & MECHANICAL DESIGNERS
DESIGN REFERENCE NO VVL/DE/MPK-01

Prepared by Reviewed and Approved by


Design Engineer Manager Technical
(B.Vasanth) (G.Sakthivel)
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INDEX DATED : 02/02/16

Serial No Description Sheet No


1 Cover Page 1
2 Index & Drawing summary & Reference books 2
3 Beam Summary And Materials 3
4 Design Data 4
5 Calculation Of Centroid Of Oil Tank 5
6 Calculation Of Weight 69
7 Calculation Of Bending Moment (I beam) 10-11
8 Selection Of I-Section (I - Beam) 12
9 Calculation Of Bending Stress 13
10 Summary of Results 14

DRAWING SUMMARY

Serial No Description Sheet No


1 Simply Support Beam 10
2 I-Section (Beam Support) 12

Reference Books :

1. Strength of materials [mechanics of solid] by R.K.Rajput.


2. Design data book by P.S.G College of technology.
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BEAM SUMMARY AND MATERIALS DATED : 02/02/16

BEAM SUMMARY

S.N0 Part Name Dimensions Thickness


(mm) (mm)
1 Beam 400 mm 140 mm 9 mm (Cal)
(Nom = 10 mm)

MATERIALS

Materials Thickness P.no Grade.no Yield


Strength
(N/mm2)
IS 2062 Gr B 9 mm 1 1 250
(Mild steel) t < 20

UNITS OF MEASUREMENTS

Parameter Units Used


Length mm and m
Stress N/mm2
Force N
Bending moment KNm

Conversion calculation:

1 kg = 9.81 N

1 N = 0.001 KN

1 m = 1000 mm

1 mm = (1/1000) m = 0.001 m
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DESIGN DATA DATED : 02/02/16

Description Data (Info)


Configuration (type) Horizontal
Elliptical Oil tank measurements: (Steel tank)
Outer Length of oil tank (Lo) 6300 mm
Outer Width of oil tank (Ao) 2450 mm
Outer Height of oil tank (Bo) 1740 mm
Base plate measurement: (Where load transfers)
Length of plate (Lb) 310 mm
Breath of plate (Bb) 224 mm
Height of plate (Hb) 15 mm
Leg support measurements: (Vertical - I-Section)
Depth of section 150 mm
Width of flange 80 mm
Thickness of flange 7.6 mm
Thickness of web 4.8 mm
Length of section 620 mm
Water tank (Brick tank) measurement:
Length of tank 6580 mm
Breath of tank 2750 mm
Height oh tank 1220 mm
Thickness of side walls along length side 380 mm
Thickness of side walls along breath side 240 mm
Weight details:
Empty weight of oil tank 2000 kg
Operating weight of oil tank (Including leg) 23156 kg
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CENTROID OF OIL TANK DATED : 02/02/16

Centroid of Elliptical oil tank: (steel)

Location L B AREA Centroidal a*y


(m) (m) (a) distance from (m^3)
(m^2) bottom face
y
Oil tank 6.3 1.74 10.962 1.52 16.66224
Base plate 0.31 0.015 0.00465 0.6425 0.0030
(1)
I section 0.150 0.620 0.093 0.325 0.0302
(1)
Base plate 0.31 0.015 0.00465 0.0075 0.00003
(1-2)
Base plate 0.31 0.015 0.00465 0.6425 0.0030
(2)
I section 0.150 0.620 0.093 0.325 0.0302
(2)
Base plate 0.31 0.015 0.00465 0.0075 0.00003
(2-2)
Base plate 0.31 0.015 0.00465 0.6425 0.0030
(3)
I section 0.150 0.620 0.093 0.325 0.0302
(3)
Base plate 0.31 0.015 0.00465 0.0075 0.00003
(3-2)
a = 11.269 a*y = 16.761

y= a*y/a

y= 16.761/11.269

y= 1.4873 m

Location of centroid from bottom (Base Plate) = 1487.3 mm ~ 1488 mm

Location of centroid from bottom (Base Plate) = 1488 mm


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CALCULATION OF WEIGHT DATED : 02/02/16

Elliptical oil tank weight: (steel)

Outer Tank length (Lo) = 6300 mm

Outer Tank width (Ao) = 2450 mm

Outer Tank height (Bo) = 1740 mm

Inner Tank length (Li) = 6288 mm

Inner Tank width (Ai) = 2438 mm

Inner Tank height (Bi) = 1728 mm

Thickness of tank = 6 mm

Outer Area of Tank (Xo) = 3.14*(Ao/2)*(Bo/2)

= 3.14*1.225*0.870

= 3.346 m2

Inner Area of Tank (Xi) = 3.14*(Ai/2)*(Bi/2)

= 3.14*1.219*0.864

= 3.307 m2

Volume of Shell = [(Xo) (Xi)]*(Lo)

= [3.346 3.307]*6.3

= 0.039*6.3

= 0.2457 m3

= volume*density of material

= 0.2457*7850

= 1928.75 kg ~ 2000 kg

Weight of shell of oil tank = 2000 kg .. (1)


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CALCULATION OF WEIGHT DATED : 02/02/16

Area of ellipsoidal plate = 3.14*(Ao/2)*(Bo/2)

= 3.14*1.225*0.870

= 3.346 m2

Volume of ellipsoidal plate = area * thickness of plate

= 3.346 * 0.006

= 0.0200 m3

Weight of ellipsoidal plate = volume * density of material

= 0.0200 * 7850

= 157 kg

No of ellipsoidal plate used =2

= 2 * 157

Weight of ellipsoidal plate (Dish Ends) = 314 kg .. (2)

Area of oil tank on load = 3.14*(Ai/2)*(Bi/2)

= 3.14*1.219*0.864

= 3.307 m2

Volume of oil tank on load = area * (Li)

= 3.307 * 6.288

= 20.80 m3

Weight of oil inside = volume * density of oil [Density of oil = 920 kg/m 3]

= 20.80 * 920

= 19136 kg ~ 20000 kg

Weight of oil inside = 20000 kg .. (3)


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CALCULATION OF WEIGHT DATED : 02/02/16

Total weight of oil tank = [weight of oil ] + [weight of oil tank] +


[weight of head]

= 20000 + 2000 + 314

= 22314 kg ~ 23000 kg

Total weight of elliptical oil tank = 23000 kg. .. (4)

Base plate weight:

Length (Lb) = 310 mm = 0.31 m

Breath (Bb) = 224 mm = 0.224 m

Height (Hb) = 15 mm = 0.015 m

Volume (Vb) = Lb*Bb*Hb

= 0.31*0.224*0.015

Volume = 1.0416*10-3 m3

Weight = volume (Vb)* density of material

= 1.0416*10-3*7850

Weight = 8.17 kg

Total no of plates used = 12

Total weight of rectangular plates = 8.17*12

= 98.118 kg ~ 100 kg

Total weight of base plates = 100 kg. .. (5)

Leg Support Weight: (I-Section)

I-section used is ISMB 150

Weight of ISMB 150 = 14.9 kg/m [from PSG design data book pg.no:5.129]
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CALCULATION OF WEIGHT DATED : 02/02/16

Length = 620 mm = 0.62 m

Weight of leg support = 0.62*14.9

= 9.238 kg

Total no of leg support used =6

Total weight of leg support = 6*9.238

= 55.428 kg ~ 56 kg

Total weight of leg support = 56 kg. .. (6)

Total weight of tank and supports:

Total weight of tank and supports = [weight of oil tank] + [weight of base plates] + [weight of

Leg support]

= 100 + 56 + 23000

Total weight of tank and supports = 23156 kg.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Total force acting on beam = 23156 * 9.81

= 227160.36 N ~ 227161 N

Total force acting on beam = 227161 N.

Total number of leg supports used =6

Force acting per leg support = 227161/6

= 37860.16 N

Force acting per leg support = 37.860 KN

Force acting on span length of = 224 mm = 0.224 m

= 37.860/0.224 = 169.01 KN/m (UDL)

Force acting per leg support = 169.01 KN/m. . (7)


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CALCULATION OF BENDING MOMENT DATED : 02/02/16

Bending Moment Calculation: [from strength of materials book pg.no:146 to 326]

Total width of water tank = 2750 mm = 2.75 m

Thickness of water tank wall = 380 mm = 0.38 m

Total length of beam going to use = 2750 mm = 2.75 m

Total Load acting on a support beam (I section) from Equation 7 = 169.01 KN/m

FIGURE

Taking moment about A


RB*2.75 = [(169.01*0.224)*(0.224/2+0.556+0.224+0.873)] + [(169.01*0.224)*(0.224/2+0.873)]
= 66.820 + 37.290
= 104.111/2.75
RB = 37.860
RA + RB = [(169.01*0.224)] + [(169.01*0.224)]
RA + RB = 75.716
RA = 37.860
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CALCULATION OF BENDING MOMENT DATED : 02/02/16

Calculating bending moment

MB = 0 KNm

MF = (37.860*0.873)

MF = 33.050 KNm

ME = [37.860*(0.873+0.224)] [169.01*0.224*0.224/2]

ME = 41.532 4.240

ME = 37.291 KNm

MD = [37.860*(0.556+0.873+0.224)] [169.01*0.224*(0.224/2+0.556)]

MD = 62.582 25.290

MD = 37.291 KNm

MC = [37.860*(0.224+0.556+0.873+0.224)] [169.01*0.224*(0.224/2+0.556+0.224)]

[169.01*0.224*0.224/2]

MC = 71.063 33.770 4.240

MC = 33.050 KNm

MA = [37.860*(0.224+0.556+0.873+0.224+0.873)] [169.01*0.224*(0.224/2+0.556+0.224+0.873)]

[169.01*0.224*(0.224/2+0.873)]

MA = 104.115 66.820 37.290

MA = 0 KNm

Maximum bending moment = 37.291 KNm. .. (08)


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SELECTION OF I-SECTION DATED : 02/02/16

Selection of I-Section (Beam Support):

To find moment of inertia of beam support

Figure: [from PSG design data book pg.no:5.130]

Location L B AREA Centroidal a*y


(mm) (mm) (a) distance from (mm3)
(mm2) bottom face
y
Thickness 9 140 1260 70 88200
Length 381 9 3429 70 240030
Thickness 9 140 1260 70 88200
(Flange)
a = 5949 a*y = 416430
y= a*y/a

y= 416430/5949

Location of centroid from bottom y= 70 mm .. (09)


Moment of Inertia:
MOI = [((9*(140)3)/12)+(9*140)*(70-70)2]+[((381*(9)3)/12)+(381*9)*(70-
4.5)2]+[((9*(140)3)/12)+(9*140)*(70-70)2]
= 2058000+14734413+2058000
MOI = 18850413 mm4

Moment of Inertia = 1885*10-8 m4. .. (10)


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CALCULATION OF BENDING STRESS DATED : 02/02/16

Bending Stress:

From Equations (08),(09)and(10),

M = 37.291 KN, Y = 0.07 m, I = 1885 * 10^-8 m^4

M/I = /Y

= M*Y/I

= (37.291*0.070)/(1885*10-8)

= 138481.16 KN/m2 [(138481.167*1000)/(1000*1000)]

Maximum Bending Stress = 138 N/mm2.


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SUMMARY OF RESULTS DATED : 02/02/16

SUMMARY OF RESULTS :
Maximum bending stress - Yield stress of material used - Acceptance (Sy > Sb)
Sb Sy
138 N/mm2 250 N/mm2 Yes Accepted

Conclusion:

The total operating weight of the vessel i.e 23,156 Kg is distributed to 6 locations through legs
and base plate. This load of 3860 kg is acting on 2 locations of support I beam. The bending
stress created by this load is 130 N/mm2, this is less then the yield strength of the material used
(IS 2062 Gr B Mild steel).

Hence provided I beam with dimensions of 400 mm (D) x 140 mm (W) x 10 mm (T) With
length of 2750 mm with mild steel material is safe for operation.