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CONTENTS

CHAPTER I - INTRODUCTORY

l.01 Preliminary : . 1
1.02 Definitions .............. , , " " , , , . 2
1.03 Power i;(;r'egulate prac'tice of law : . 4
1.04 Nature of office of attorney : J ........ 6
1.05 Privileges of attorney J... . 8
1.06 Duties of office, generally " . 10
1.07 Public versus private and personal duties. : ". 11
1.08 Practice of law a profession ,' , " . 12
1.09 Necessity of representation by counsel.. . 15
1.10 Need for and right.to, C01.l~!. ... ! . , . , ....................... 17
111 ConStJqu~~ces'~fd~niQlof right' to counsel.. . 20.
When appearance by counselnot obligatory r . 23
112
113 Canons of professional responsibility .. f..
. 24

CHAPTER n- ADMISSION TO PJitACTlCE


A.JUDlClAL CONTROL

2.01 Admission to practice a judicial function "'," . 28


2.02 Legislativepower to repeal, alter or supplement . 29

::::g::;=:::,:j~~
..
2.03 Executive power in relationto practice . 31
2,04 32

~- 2.05 Practice of law, generally , [.~ . 33


-2.06 Characteristics of term "practice oflaw" . 34
~...Z,07 Representation before the court , , . 35
.......,2;08 Representation before other .agencies . 36
.....2.09 Activity outside of court ........: . 37

C. WHO MAYPCTICE LAW


B. MAKING LEGAL SERVICES AVA~LE
2. 10
..-v
Persons en itled to practice aw, generally . ~9 S.06 Generally , . 76
~~2.11 Right and privilege topracti e . 40 a.07 ;A bawyer shall not reject the' cause
"",2.12 Practice without examinatio . 42 of the defenseless , . 77
"",2.13 Practice without admission .
"",2.14
43 3.08 A Lawyer shall not refuse to render
Right of party to represent imself . 45 legal advice ; : . 78
~'2.15 Practice by corporation ....................................
2.16 1 46 3.09 Participating in legal development.. . 79
Persons authorized to repre~nt the government . 47 3.10 Lawyer shaUkeep abreast oflegal
2.17 Disability of public officials practice ; . 47 developments '; : . 79
~2.18 Liability for unauthorized p actice . 54 , . 3.11 Mandatory continuing legal education . 80
~2.19 Remedies against unauthonzed practice . . 56
C. APPLICABILITY OF CODE TO ..'.
D. QUALIFICATIONS FOR ADMISSION GOVERNMENT LAWYERS
. . . ~.
2.20 Generally............... . . 56 :l.12 Code is applicable to government lawyern . 80
2.21 Citizenship and residellee . 57 a~13 A prosecutor shall see to it that justice is done . 81
2.22 Good moral character _.: . 57 3.14 Restrictions on the functions of public
2.23 Educational qualifications : . 59 prosecutor .............;.......................... : . 83
2.24 Bar examination .: . r- 61 a.is In appeals, the Solicitor General lias control ...!.......... 85
.8.16 Role of private prosecutor ,../ . 85
E. PROCEDURE F R ADMISSION a.17 Intervention by private.lawyer is subject
to prosecutor's control " .................... 87
2.25
2:26
Bar examination committee
Application and supporting ocuments .
. 62
62
When publ!c prosecutor should take over
b~dhng of ease ,..; "
I
, . 88
2.27 Disclosure of involvement in any criminal case . 63 ~3.19 A Lawyer shall riot use his public position to
2.28 Burden of proof to show qua ifications . 64 promote. his private interest . 89
2.29 .W;rittel,l,examinations . tl4 :l.20 Former official may not accept certain. .'
2.30 Restrictions to insure Integ ty in examination . 65 employment ,..'; ,.~ ) . 90
2.31 Correction and revaluation f grades .
2.32 66
Administration of oath " . 67 CHAPTER IV - THE LAwirEWS I)UTJES
2.33 Issuance of certificate . TO TlIE LEGAL PROFEsBIQN '
.....2.34 69
Payment ofIBP dues and pr vilege tax . 69 ,
CHAPTER III - LAWYER' DUTIES TO SOCIETY
4.0.1
A. UPHOLDING
'. , .'
INTEGRITY OF PROFESSION
'r
A. UPHOLDING THE CONST ON AND THE LAW 4.0.2 ..~.. 10.0
~;~:~ysh~ii;;;~~~~f~~.~~t~t;;~~~ti~h
application fot admission to the bar.. ,.. 101
3.Ql
Duty to uphold Constitution and obey the la~ . 71 4.0.3 A LaWyer 'shall not supporturiqualified
-"3.02 Duty not to engage in unls ul oonduct.. . appliant to the bar .
'-3.03 '72
Duty not to counsel illegal a ,tivities .., ; . 73 '- 4.04 A Lawyer shall always conduct himself
3.04 Duty not to encourage laws Its . ethically and morally : . 10.3
3.05 74 <, .{OS
Duty to encourage amicable ettlement . 75 Gross immorality reflective of unfitness
to practice......... .. . . 104

vi
vii
,

,
Conviction ofa crime
Commission offraud or f~"hood
,.,1
vtng mora , turpit ud,
.
106
lOll
E. THE INTEGRATED BAR OF THE PHILIPPINES

4.29 Integration or the bar ................................................... 131


B. LAWYER'S RELATIO 4.30 Power to integrate the bar . 132
4.31 Constitutionality of integration , , . \32
4.08 Generally ............. -_. ](17 4.32 Purposes and objectives of the Integrated Bar . 134
4.09 Candor. fairness and tru fulness should 4.33 Non-political bar , , , . 136
characterize relatio ..... , ............. J()7 ... ~
-.
..
4.34 Membership. resignation, retirement
- 4.10 A Lawyer snail use tern rate language 109 and reinstatement , " . 136
".
-4.11 A Lawyer shall not eucre ch upon business <, 4.35 Membership dues and effect oCnonpayment
of another .... ................... ... ......-. '" 111 !":
thereof.. . 137
-4.12 Negotiation with oppoe! 112 4.36 Organization setup . 138
4.13 Association 6S 8 colleagu 112 '4.37 National officers " , . 138
,
.
'. 4.38 Board or Oovernora . 139
C. "REVENTING UNAUTHORIZED 4.39 Houge of Delegates . 140
PRACTI OF LAW 4.40 Chapter government , , . 141
~':

z: 4.14 Duty to prevent unautho ized practice of law ., 113 CHAPTER V - LAWYEB'S DUI'IES TO COURTS
;:; 4.15 Intervention ofintermedi ry not allowed 114
""'4.16 A Lawyer shall not deleg te legal work A. LAWYER OWES CANDOR AND FAIRNESS
to non-lawyers , . 115 TO THE COURT
A Lawyer shall not divid fees with
non-lawyers . J 16 ......5.01 Lawyer's duties to court, geaerally . 142
'5.02 A Lawyer should be candid and truthful to court . 143
D. SOLICITATION D ADVERTISING .......
5.03 A Lawyer shall do no faIaehood . 145
'5.04 A Lawyer should not misquote nor misrepresent , . 146
A Lawyer shall not solid 1J 7 <, 5.05 A Lawyer shall not misuse rules of procedure . 147
A Lawyer ghall not char
attract business . 1I8 B. OBSERVING AND MAINTAINING RESPECT .
-, 4.20 A Lawyer cannot adverb his talent; DUE THE COURTS AND JUDICIAL OFnCERS
reasons therefor ".', " ,"' . J 18
" 4.21 Proper or pe~is8ible ad eriising o'r' solicitation .. 119 ," 6.0fl Respect due the courts . 149
r>- 4.22 Writing Je,caJ articles ~ . 123 ___5.07 Obeying co-urt orden.......... . " . 150
"....4.23 Engaging in business or thee occupation. 124 6.08 DefeDding judges from unjust criticism . 152
..........
4.24 A lawyer ~hllnmake clee whether he ill acting 6.69 A Lawyer shall appear- in proper attire 152
in another capacity. 1~5 '5.10 Lawyer shall be punctual . 153
",,-,4.25 A Lewyerahell not use f. se statement :......5.11 A lawyer eball abstain from offensive
regarding hiS QURIi$8bon or service 126 language or behavior . 153
_4.26
A La'Z: I~~:!
~o~use~..~ ~~.~8Ie.Rdi.ng 129
5.12 A Judge should be courteous to lawyer
to merit respect . 156
....4.27 A partner who accepts p he office should 5.13 Upholding court's authority and dignity . 156
WIthdraw from the rm; e:r:ception . , 130 ,,-J 5.14 A Lawyer shall not attribute to II judge
A Lawyer shall Dot seek edie publicity .._ . 130 improper motives . 157

iii I.

, s.
5.15 A Lawyer shall submit ievances to proper ,',. CHAPTER VI - NATURE AND CREATION
v~'
..
authorities .......... . _ ...... .... ...................... ]58 OF ATrORNEY-CLIENT RELATIONSHIP.
if

I
C. ASSISTING THE ,'OURT IN SP.EEDY AND A. NATURE OF RELATION
EFFICIENT AD .;;
TION OF JUSTICE
5.16 Duty to assist in the ad iniatration of'juetice, :~' 6.01 Nature of client-relationship, generally.....
Relation as strictly personaL ,,, ,
182
183
;~ '6.02
generally ............................. ;..... ll'j!~ Relation 8S fiduciary and confidential , ,.... 185
. 6.03
5.17 A Lawyer should come court adequately ~F
fb,. .6.04 Rules protective of relation "...... 185
prepared ............... ................................. , ............

-
159 ~.~":
5.18 A Lawyer shell not file ultiple actions .... ................. ~'i.;,
160 B. RETAINER OR EMPLOYMENT
5.19 Lawyer shall. not resort
I'V 5.20
forum shopping. 161 ~;'}c
"..v 5.21
Duty to disclose pendin case .....................
Verification must be si ed by party .
163 ~>.
'!,-:;~.
6.05
s.oe
Concept Of terril. "retainer"
Necessity of retainer
186
187
not his counsel; ex ption ...........: .............. 16-1 Sufficiency of professional employment ,............. 187
6.07
,
""'-'5.22
5.23
Test to determine forti shopping ........... ..................
Sanctions for-violatioa '................ ,...............................
164
.167
fF:~.-:
P.r, .
6.08 Employment of law firm. . _ ".... 191
~'}'." ~'09 Wbo can employ attorney i. "."............. 191
5.24 Lawyer to temper client 8 propensity to litigate .......... !.68 C ..
5.25 A Lawyer shall fil. his J.
dings within . ... '
C. ETHICAL NORMS AND RESTllICTIONS
. the period ............................................................. 169
5.26 Duty to inform dient1s eath and change 6.10 Genorally 193
of counsel's addre~..... .. 170 6.11 Lawyer shall eecertetn possible conflict
5.27 A Lawyer shall not deja nor Impede of interests 193
execution of JUdgmft...... .. ....... ..... ... 171. 6.12 Duty to decline employment ,................................. 194
5.28 Lawyer to discourage a Ilate reVIew . . 172 6.i3 A Lawyer shall preserve' the secrets of a
5.29 A Lawyer shall not talk 08 witneee during recess 173 prospective client ~.' , 196
5.30 A Lawyer ~hall not. aS81st a WItness
6.14 Ethical considerations in taking bad case , :..,.... 196
to miArepresent ...., ......................... .......... ,.......... 174
5.31 Lawyer shall not harass a witness .............._........ 174 D. LAWYER MAY NOT REFUSE HIS SERVICES
5.32 A Lawyer shall avoid te ifying for a client.. ....... 171
6.15 Lawyer as advocate, generally \98
D. AVOIDING IMPR PIUETY THAT TENDS 6.16 A Lawyer shall not decline to represent
'i'OINnUEN E TIlE COURT unpopular clients :........... 199
6.17 A Lawyer shall not decline appointment
5.33 Lawyer should rely on Tits of his case ..... by the court or by the IBP "........ 200
1':6
5.34 A Lawyer shall not exte d hospitality to ajudge .. Frequent 'appointment of same coun~~
176 6.18
5.35 A Lawyershall not pub' ydiSlUSS discouraged! , , , , , 201
pending cases ......... .................................... 17'1 6.19 A Lawyer may refuse to represent indigent
5.36 Criticism o:r pending and concluded litigation ... I7B on valid grounds ,................. 202
"- 5.37 Limi.tations on right to 6.20 A Lawyer ahall observe the same standard
~ 5.38
5.39
Right and duty oflawye
A Lawyer shell .not invi
~~;i~~i~~';~~::::::::::::::.:::
179
1?9
for all clients 204
judicial interference ........... 161
DUTIES IN HANDLING
CAUSE
,
:'"'
~ 7.2ti
--- 7.1:l
What is required of counsel de oiicio ...
Duty of defense counsel when accused
239

240
':~' intends to plead guilty ........
A. ENTIRE UEVOTIO WITHIN THE LAW ~:
t
E. CONSEQUENCES OF FAILURE
<, 7.01 Generally........................... 205 " TO PERFORM DUTIES
.-.., 7.02 A Lawyer shall perform d ty within the law... 208 ,.
7.03 A Lawyer shall give cendi advice on merits of ease.. 210 ........
7.28 Generally ................................ ................ 244
7.04 Duty to comply with clien s lawful request 2.11 q;. '7.29 Consequences to client for lawyer's breach of duties" 244
7.05 Duty to restrain client fro impropr-iaty...; 213 r
-~ 7.06 A Lawyer shall not unde ke influence-peddling 213 i CIlAPI'ER VIII - LAWYER'S FIDUCIARY
OBUGATIONS
B. EMPI,oYMENT OF ONORABLE MEANS ..
A. EFFECTS OF FIDUCIARY RELATION
7.07
7.08.
Duty to employ honorable
Technical defense.... .. .
. 213
215
" 8.01 ~nerally ...................................................... 246
7.09 Prosecuting or defending atrimonial cases 216 8.02 Dealings with client closely scrutinized ..... ....... ........
, 246
7.10 A Lawyer "hall ,,'CUi)' clie VB fraud . 217 Abuse of client's confidence ...... 248
8.03
8.04 Rebates and commis..qions ........ .............. 249
rJ 8:'06 A Lawyer shall.net borrow from. nor lend
money to, client. .......................... ... 250

7.11 g:~~~:~U~.~;;;~~~~CT B'. ACCOUNTING OF CLIENTS FUNDS


7.12
safeguard client's in rest . .....
8.06 A 'Lawyer shall account for client's funds 251
7.13 A Lawyer haJl render se ice onJy when ....
8.07 A Lawyer shall not commingle client's funds ..... 256
qualified to do 80 ................................
8.08 A Lawyer shall deliver funds to client,
7.14 A Lawyer shall Dot handle case without subject La his lien .. 257
adequate preparation ~O
7.15 Preparation of pleadings .. 222 C. RESTRICTION AGAINST BUYING
7.16 Interviewing witnesses 225 CLIEN'I'S PROPERTY
-.....7.17 What to do in case of confli t. in trial dates .... 226
.~ 7.18 Adoption of system to insu e receipt of mails .... 227 Purchase of client's property in litigation 258
'8.09
~7.19 Nouce of cbenge of nddr ................................... 228 <, 8.10 Application of rule ............ '.............. 259
'- 7.20 Notice of deeth of client . 229 ....8.11 Where rule inapplicable 260
<, 7.21 Etrect.s 91' prohibited purchase .... 262
Requiring de.r~ of court ~fo his duty . 229 <, 8.12
<, 7.22 Duty to keel> client Iully in ormed . 263
230 '8.13 purchase of chceee in action ....
-- 7.23 What is required when mo ing for time to file
pielldi::lg or to postpo hearing . 231 CHAPTER IX - LAWYER'S DUTY TO PRESERVE
Diligence in handling case. 232 CLIENT'S CONFIDENCE

D. STANDAlW OF DUTY IN CIUMINAL A(.TIONS A. PRESEUVA'rION OF CLIENT'S CONFIDENCE

~... 7.25 Duty to render effective Je l eervice 23G -v 9.01 Duty to preserve client's confidence. generally ..... 264

xiii

~'-, 9.02 26f. 10.03 Duty to decline employment ... 296


Duration of duty" ..
rv 9.03 Reason for the rule 26';' 10.Q4 A Lawyer shall preserve the secrets of a
prospective client ........................... 298
~9.04 A Lawyer shall not use die t's secrets
without his consent .., 267 10.05 A Lawyer may act as mediator .. 298
;::: 9.05 A Lawyer shall not give inti rmation from his Illes ... 26P.
~9.06 A Lawyer may disclose affa ra of client B. REPRESENTING CONFLICTING INTERESTS
to partners .. 26f~
;:-. 9.07 A Lawyer shall adopt meas res against "'10.(16 A Lawyer shall not represent conflicting
interests ........................... 299
disclosures of client's ecreta . 26~
'10.07 Effect of termination of relation ........... 305
.:: 9.08 A Lawyer shall avoid inctis t conversation
'-10.08 Materiality of confidential information. 305
about client's affairs .. 26~1
-10.09 Foundation of, and reason fer. the rule .. 306
A Lawyer shall not reveal is having been
'~!O.lO Opposing clients in same or related suite ... 307
consulted .. 270
'10.11 Opposing clients in unrelated actions ... 309
-c-, 10.12 New client against former client.. ..... 310
B. SCOPE OF ATTO -CLIENT PRIVILEGE
-10.13 Conflicting duties ........... ,.................... , ...... 312
~ 9.10 Requisites of privilege ..,..... .. . 270 <, 10.14 At.torney's interest versus client's interest . 313
"" 9.11 Relation of attorney and cli nt... 273 '10.15 Rule applicable to law finn ......... 313
,.....9.12 Conftdentialjty.. . . 275 --10.16 Limitations on general rule ...... 314
~_9./3 Form or mode of communi tion .. 276
.....'10.17 Where no conflict of interests exists . ............... 314
Where clients knowingly consent .. 315
J'Y 9.14 Persons entitled to claim p ivilege .. 276 ::::1018
""~9.15 Application (If rule .. 27& 10.19 Where no true attorney-client,
rJ 9.\6 Privileged matters . 27e relationship exists ....... .................... 317
"'-" 9.17 Matters not prtvtleged 28(1 <,10.20 Effects of representation of conflicting interests ........ 318
'" 9.18 A Lawyer shall not reveal ient's confidence . 282
CHAPTER XI - AUTHORITY OF ATTORNEY
C. EXCEPTIONS TO R LE ON PRIVILEGE
A. IN m:NERAL
<, 9.19 Exceptions to rule against isclosure
of client.'s secrets 285 11..01 Power to bind client. generally.. . . 320
r-..- 9.20 Client's waiver of privilege 285
,
11.02 Attorney as
agent of client.. . 321
......
9.21 Disclosure to protect alto y'a righta..; 287 11.03 Collection of claims . 322
~ 9.22
,..... 9.23
Cornmuntcattons
Cornmunicatlcns
as toenroL
as to frau. . .
287
290
11.04
.......
'11.05
Acceptance of service of summons
Delegation of authority.
323
.324
~11.06 . Delegation oflegal work . 324
CHAPTER X - LAWYER'S D ES OF FAIR DEALINGS
AND AVOIDING CONFUCT OF iNTERESTS R. AUTHORITY TO APPEAR

r
A. FAIRNJ';SS IN DuJNGS WITH CLIENT -c u.ov. Generally .... 325
,......
11.08 Appearance.. .. .. . 326
10.01 Duty to be candid, fair a.nd ~Oyalln all ~"11.09 General and special appearance . :~27
-dealtngu with client. "I[o.rally .. 295 '''.11.10 Presumption of authority . 328
.10.02 A Lawyer shall ascertain ........
11.11 Presumption disputable . 330
conflict orinterestsi... 296 .........
11.12 Disclosure of authority . 331
~'11.13 Effect. of unauthorized ap earanc e.... .331 12.05 Death or incapacity of client : 373
~-- 11.14 Ratificatlen of unauthorize appearance . :132 12.06 A Lawyer shall withdraw only for good cause............ 374-
12.07 Grounds for withdl'8wal without c1ieofa
C. CONDUCT 0 LITIGATION consent.............................................. 375
12.08 Procedure for withdrawal................. 379
.......11.15 Generally....... ...... :{33 12.09 Death of attorney ..,............. 380
.......
11.16 Determination of procedur 1questions ., 3:10 12.10 Acceptance of incompatible office " .................... 381
<, 11.17 Making admissions . :1!!5
"11.18 Entering into stipulations. a37 B. CHANGE OR SUBSTITU'I'IONOP COUNSEL
........,
11.19 Agreement 8S 10what wi.t ss would testify .... 339
~<, 11.20 Compromlee of cause of ac on a40 i.. 12.11 Change of counsel 381
~ 11.21 Effect ofvrant of special au rity . 342 12.12 Requirements for substitution .. . . . . 382
."-' 11.22 Ratification of unauthcrts compromi .................... 343 12.13 Defective subatitution and. effecta thereof . 383
""- 11.23 Confeasjo? oljudgment " ..- . :~45 12.14 Employment of additional counsel........... 384
........
11.24 Dismissal of action or with rawal of appeal ~ . ~:45 t; .
r--' 11.25 Client's right to dismiss or ompromise act.ion..: 347 CHAPTER XIII - COMPENSATION OF ATTORNEY
.-J 11.26 Limitations on client's righ 348
~ 11.27 Authority .1er judgment . 249 A. R1GIIT TO ATTORNEY1S FEES

Generally : .. 386
D. MATfERS IMP DTOCLIENT 13.01
Right to protection of COUMel feee . 387
13.02
11.28 Requisites fOT right to accrue . 388
Knowledge acquired by at ney . 350 13.03
38B
11.29 Notice to counse! as notice client ", 360 13.04 Written agreement...... . .
389
11.30 Notice to one 8l'1 notice to 0 er counsel; 13.05 Quantum meruit... .. .
390
ExooJ)tions..... . . 353 13.06 Who is Hable for attorney's fees' .
391
11.31 Exceptions to rule that noti e to counsel 13.07 Liability of persona benefited by coubSel's services ....
392
is nonce to client 354 13.08 Liability of assignee .
392
11.32 Mode of service or notice.. . . 356 13.09 Liability in labor cases .
393
11.33 Pereonal aervice preferred; xplecetion required .... aSB 13.10 Liability in derivative suits .........................................
393
<, 11.34 Mistake or negligence of eo nsel binding 13.11 Liability in receivership proceedings . .
upon client ..... !... ......... 309 13.12 Liability in trusteeship or guardianship
proceedings . 394
-- 11.35 Exceptions to rule that negl gence of counsel
Liability in estate proceedings - . 394
binds client.. . 13.13
396
13.14 Who are entitled to or to share in attorney's fees . 397
CHAPTER)[II - TERMIN ON OF A'M'ORNEytg 13.15 Non.IRwyer not entitled to fees .. .
13.16 Restrictions on some lawyerS to charge fees : . 398
AUTHORITY AND C GE OF COUNSEL 399
13.17 Right of counsel de oficio to feea. .... . ... .. ....
399
A. TERMINATION OF CO 13.18 Attorney'a conduct affecting b18 right to fees .
400
13.19 Withdrawal of counsel from thft case ..
,....I 13.20 Representation of adverse interests . 401
12.01 Generally.. " 3(l~
402
12.02 Limitation on client's right. 370 13.21 Lawyer's right unaffected by client's conduct .
402
12.03 Necessity of notice of discha e 371 13.22 Attomey~. diocharge by client " .
403
12.04 Effect of dteeharge of attorn y . 37? 13.23 Client's dismissal of action. .. .

xvii

13.56 Lawyer's application to pay his fees . 428

I
13.24 Client's comp~mi8e of acti n .... ~04 428
13.57 Petition as incident of main action .
13.58 lodcpendent civil action . 430 .
B. CONTRAcT FOR TTORNEY'S FEES 430
13.69 Remedies in estate proceedings .
13.60 Court jurisdiction . 432
Generally ........................ ................
13.25
13.26 Kinds of retainer: general d special ...... ..................
40'
405 f: 13.61
13.62
Necessity ot heering
Defenses ,
.
.
433
434
13.27 Validity of contract.. ......... 406 ~'.'
13.63 Execution .., , . 434
13.28 Effect of nullity of contract ............................ 407 i.
-' 13.29 Effect of unconscionability f amcuru ......................... 407 r
13.30 Contingent fee contract.. .... ......................................... 408 ..;:.
~:. E. ATTORNEY'S FEES AS DAMAGES
13.31 Validity of contingent fee ... ................. ................. 410 435
13.32 Effect of agreement to pay jtigation expeneea .... 13.64 Two concepts of attcmeye fees compared .
411 ~'
436
13.33 Ccuetruction of prcfceeion contract ...;.............-. 412 r. 13.65 F~ as damages not recoverable - general rule .

r
13.66 Fees ee damages recoverable - exception to rule ". 437
13.67 Right to private..coun8el. a precondition 2
C. MEASURE OF C MPENSATION 442
13.68 Award of attorney's fees discreticnery -":"'":":":":":"
13.69 Pleading and practice . 443
13.34 Amount fu:ed in valid Mnt ct ...... ...................... 414
13.35 Amount based on quantum' eruit... 414
13.36 Where agreement is invali 4t5 CHA/'TERXIV - ATTORNEY'S LIENS
'-. 13.37 Where amount stipulated i unconscionable ... 415
13.38 wbere there is no express ntract.. .. 4J6 A. IN GENERAL
13.39 Where attoeney and client .sregard contract. 4.17
13.40 14.01 Generally ...... ;.... .. 445
Where counsel is precluded rom 446
concJuding litigation 417 14.02 'Retaining and charging liens distinguished .
13.41 Factors taken into account .. 417
13.42 Nature of services ........... ,.. 4:19 B. RETAINING UEN
13.43 Ski1l and sl:anding of attorn y .. 4~.O 446
13.44 Value of interest involved ... 421 14.03 Definition .. .
14.04 Nature Bud essence of retaining lien . 447
13.45 Lose of opportunity' for othe employment .. 422
14.05 Requieitee for validity .. . 447
13.46 Difficulty of issues involved ........................ 4:1.2
448
13.47 Test case ...................... ,....... ................... , , .... ................ 423 14.06 Property to which lien attaches .
449
13.48 Results secured ................... ....................... 4Z3 14.07 When lien attaches.... .. .
14.08 Bond for return of documents ., " . 449
13.49 Whether fe.eis contingent... ........................ 424

..
14.09 Extinguishment of retainini lien .. . 450
18.50 Capacity of clients to pay ....... ........................ 424 450
13.51 Statutory limitation as to f s ................ 425 14.10 Satisfaction of lien ,....
13.52 Fees in C~8f~ of referral ...... .... 426
13.53 A Lawyer sl:tall not receive f . from '. C. CHARGING UEN
anothM without client' consent .......................... 426 451
13.54 A Lawyer small avoid centro erstea with 14.1L Nature and eeeeeee of charging lien.... . .
14.12 Requisites for validity of charging l~n . 452
clients concerning his es ............................ 427
14.13 Recordal and notice of lien .... . 453
14.14 To what charging lien attaches . 456
OVER FEES 457
14.15 Effects of charging lien .
13.55 Generally . 427
CHAPTER XVI - SUSPENSION AND DISBARMENT
. i4.16 Extinguishment of char 458
J.4.17 Assignmentofcharging 1 459 A. IN GENERAL
14.18 Satisfactio;n of judgment. 460
14.19 Enforcement 460 482
rv 16.01 Generally .., .... .
16.02 Authority to discipline .. ". 482
TIES OF ATTORNEY 16.03 Purpose of disciplinary proceedings . 483
16.04 Administrative cases against lawyers a
A. LIABILITY OR DAMAGES class of their own . 485
486
16.05 Duty to discipline or protect lawyers .
.. , 15.01 Degree of care required" . 101
/"--' 10.02 Civil liability to client '" 461 B. GROUNDS FOR DISCIPLINE
-.. 15.03 Liability for breach of Iid ciary obligations. 463
1.5.04 Civilliability to third pa y: no counterclaim 488
16.06 Generally..... .. , .
against him . . Enumerated grounds not exclusive .
489
15.05 Libelous words-in pleadin a; privileged 16.07 491
16.08 Misconduct before or incident to admleeicn ..
communication ..
16.09 Misconduct eommiued outside
15.06 Liability fOT costs of surt . 492
Philippine jurisdiction .

LIABILITY C. BREACH OF DUTIES TO COURT


_ 15.07 Prejudicing client or reve ing his secrets 46fi 499
Generally .
rv 1.n.OB Representing adverse in sts ... 44i7 '16.10 499
.,16.11 Obstructing justice and abuse of legal process .
I"'-" 15.09 Inlroducin~1 false evidenc 4&8 501
v16.12 Misleading the court .. , '''" .
,...'15.10 Misapprop!~ating'client's 468 f)02
.-1613 Forum shopping, . 503
t"l6.14 Preferring false charges .
OF COURT 505
)"16.15 Introducing false evidence , .
509
01\6.16 Blackmail; Violation ofeanon 19 .
15.1.1 Nature and purpol'(, .. 468 Willfully disobeYing court. orders and
15.12 Kinds of contempt . 469 yt6.17 510
disrespect to court .
IS.J.3 Acts constituting con temp . 470 516
'}6.18
Using vicious or disrespectfullangu~ge .
15.14 Misbehavior . 470 Continuing to practice after SUBpenB10n . 518
Disobedience . 471 Y16.19
""" 15.15
15.16 Publication concerning pe ding litigation ..... 471 D. BREACH OF DUTIES TO CLIENT
15.17 Publication tending to de ade the court;
disreepectfullengue in pleadings .. 47:? 519
yf6.20 Generally .. .... ,.. .. ..
15.18 Mislesding the court or ob tructing justice .. 47:1 518
J

-'}6.21 Negligence in lhe performance of duties


"\J'15.19 Unacthertzed practice or t w ,. 47,1
Employment of unlawful means .
525
IJ 1[).20 Belligerent attitude . 17,1 y1p.22 526
Decclt or misrepresentation ,..
1'-' 15.21 Unlawful retention of clie 'e funds 474 0623
(1~.24
Representing adverse interests and revealing
15.22 Penalty for direct contemp ; reniedy .. 47fi
client's secrets .
527
15,23 Charge and hearing in ind red contempt. . 47!i 629
"16.25
Purchasing clrent's property in litigation.
16.24 Penalty 47H
Failing to account or misappropriating
"16.26 530
client's property .. .

Desh'itance of complainant . 581


0/16.27 Collecting unreasonable ees .. 17.1 0
Privileged communications ..
583
(16.28 Acting witeout authority ... 17.1 J
Y'16.29 Willfully appearing with ut being retained 17.12 Presumption; burden of proof;
evidence required . 584
Modifying circumstances . 586
E. BREACH OF DIES TO THE BAR 17.13
Judgment.; . , . 687
17.14
Dismissal of case 588
f~6.30 Une.thicalconduct, gener Ily . 17.15 v.

17.1.6 Disciplinary sanctions; basic considerations . 589


>16.31 Defaming fellow lawyers . 593
Effects of suspension or disbarment .
t16.32 Communicating with adv rse party . 17.17 593
Reinstatemenl.. . .
yi6.33 Encroaching upon busine s of another . 17.18
594
. v1.6.34 Soliciting business.... . . 17.19 Matters taken into account. . .
Effect of reinstatement . 596
ji6.3S Adverti8in,~ ..... 17.20
y'"!.6.36 Cooperating in illegal pr tice cf luw.
,-'\6.37 Nonpayment of IBP dues CHAPTER XVIII - NEW CODE OF JUDICIAL
CONDUCT
. F. OTHER GRO 8 FOR DISc/PUNE 597
-J. m.,.& 1 4...n be O':J",,,,.':lIed lay pcop!~ l'M' ~4I 18.01 Preliminary .
597
v(6.38 Nonprofessional nnscond 17t.generally . 5;t'i 18.02 New Code of Judicial Conduct.
v16.39 Gross immorality.... .. . 539
...16.40 Conviction of crime invcl leg moral turpitude 54~ A. UPHOLDING THE INTEGRITY
v1'6.41 Promoting 1:0 violate or vi Isting penallewa ..... 555 AND INDEPENDENCE OF JUDICIARY
jiS."42 Misconduct in .the dischl'l e of duties
/. 8S a public officer. .. ... 555 ]8.03 Generally . 606
y 16.43 Commission of fraud or fa sehood . 558 607
'18.04 Who is a judge .
)/!6.44 Misconduct as notary pub ic . 060 18.05 Whut a.judge should be, generally .... 607
y"l6.45 Other grounds for diacipli e _ .
B. AVOIDING IMPROPRIETY OR
Cll.Al'TERX";"ll - 'PROC DURE FOR DJSCIP'LlNI<; APPEARANCE THEREOF
AND REINS ATEMENT
18.06 A judge should be free from impropriety
A. INVESTIGATI N OF CHARGES and appearance thereof.. . 610

18.07 A judge exhibit the cold neutrality of


17.01 Nature of prpccedings .. . impartial judge . 611
17.02 Proceedings are confldentl 1........ Judge's demeanor in social :unctions . 613
18.08
17.03 Who end hew instituted ...
17.04 Action on, and inveatigati n of, complaint C. PERFORMANCE OF DUTIES
17.05 Report of investigator and decision by
Board of Governors . Generally.. . . 614
1.8.09
17.06 Procoodln~~ i.n the Supre e Court and A judge should be a mall oflenrning .... , 614
18.10
by othet- ccurta.. .. , . 576 18.11 A judge should be a visible representation
17.07 Rea Ipsa Loquitur .. 577 of la w and justice
615
17.08 Defeneee geeeratly . 577 Fitting dignity and decorum ... 616
18.J2 617
17.09 Executive pa:-don . fi~1 t8.13 Attitude toward lawyers, litigants or witnesses
"

18.14 Judge she uld not resort to i temperate f. C. CRIMINAL LlABILlTlES UNDER .

18.15 Ques!::!:g~~~~~::::::: is t
:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
. THE REVISED PENAL CODE
! li20 6&4
18.16 Undue Interference in ques ioning wnneeeee . fi22 19.07 CrtminalliabUlt~, g.netally .
18.17 Compulsory diequelificatic of 8 judge; . (22
L, 19.08 Knowingly rendering iuUuatjudgmenL ,: . 6&4
18.18 Voluntary disqualification . 'f 24
.. 19.09 Judgment ~ndeN!d u",ougll nogIlpJlce . 6&
18.19 Procedure for disqualifieati .
I UnjU8t int.er1oaltory order, ;..,..: . 666
(29 19.10
18.20
18.21
Prompt diapo8ition of cases
A(ljudication or C88e8 ...... , ...
. 130
<32
f; 19.11
19.12
Maliciou. delay in the ad~til)D
lJirect bribery
of Juatice -.
" ,., " " ...
6611
6611
18.22 Indirect bribery . 668
Di8~sat.on ofcriminaljuice , , . M r 19.13
18.23 ( lnftdelity in the custody of documents , . 668
Rendition ofjudgment , . 636 19.14
I 19.15 Open di80bedience ", :,................. . 689
689
D. ACTIVITIES OTHE THAN DISCHARGE ! 19.16 Prolonging peJfonnance of duties and powen .........
OF JUl)ICIAL CTIONS Abandonment of office or position "., . 689
19.17
Usurpation of legislative powers.,. "., , ,.: , ,., 670
19.18
18.24 Personal OJ' private.relaucn generally . 618 19.19 Usurpation of executive functions .., 670
18.26 Judge shor-ld not practice le , ,.., . Disobeying requ8,at for disqualification ." ,.." ..' 670
619 19.20
18.26 Personal ir.vestmenta ,., , . 6,10 Abu ag8inst cha.tity " . 670
19.21
18.27 Prohibited acts and transect ens . 6",1 19.22 Faleificeticn by public officer, employee,
18.28 Restriction against accepttn certain or Dotary 6r eecIeei$8ucal miD~r . 671
employDl:eni .
18.29 Prohibition against 80li.citin D. CRIMINAL LIABILITY uNDea THE
18.80 Restriction against using pu ANTI-GRA.FT ACT
to promote private inte 6<4
IM.31 672
Financial d ecloeure and div 645 19.23 Section 3(8). RA 3019. a's amended .................... ,.... 672
18.32
18.33
18.34
Extra-judicia1appointments.
Prohibition against partisan
Municipal Judge acting as no
648
649
19.24 Section 3(b), RA 3019. as amended
19.25 Section 3(c). RA 3019, amended a. _
.
. 673
673
65 L 19.26 Section 3(d). RA 3019. as amended ., .
673
19.27 Section 3(e), RA 3019, as aDlended , .
676
19.28 Section 3(0, RA 3019, as amended
677
19.29 Statement of eseete and liabilities ,"
19.30 Penalties for violation of t.h~Anti-Graft 679
and CorruptPraetices Act ,..,
19.01 6S'
E. OTHER CRIMES OF PUBUC OFl'lCERs
B.ClVlL
680
'19.31 Crime of plunder ., , , , ,....,., ,...,..
19.02 When civilly liable, generally. . " . 654 19.32 Violation of the Code of Conduct.
19.03 for Public Officials , , , ,..,. 681
Statutorybo"is ofcivilliabilil , , . 655
19.04 Liability arising from bad fait~ , " . ViolationofPD 46 , , ,." " ,." 681
659 19.33
19.06 Immunity of state from suit, 81 19.34
TranJfer of unlawfully acquired property . 682
682
defense of public official.th " ,." ,..,', . 661 19.35 Violation of right to eouJl8el.. " " .. " " , .
683
19.06 Liability for unexplained weal , . 662 19.36 Election offense8 ,.., , , , .

,,,

19.37
19,38
19,39
==..
~n.,.:~J~=~=~
Authority
Administn.tive
10 diaeipline
charges,
19,"'0 Cla88iftcations of charges in erious,
less serious and light cargos."
, ."
gen u-ally ..,

,.."'" ,,,.
"
, ,
"
.
.

6m
Section 5. Additional requirements for other-

Section 6. Pre-few.
applicants

Section 8. Notice of application


Section 9. Examinations; 8ubjects"
".,
.

Section 10. Bar examination, by questions and


:
, ,
,
Section 7. Time forfiling proof of qualifications
.
.
,.............".
,: :,;;..
,.., ,., 757
757
758
758
,756

answers, end in writing ."'''" ..",,.,,'''''' 758


'19.41 Serious che,rgee ".., , , , ," 6!iB
Section 11. Annual examination '759
19.42 Commission of more than on less serious offense . 7('8
10.49 Loa. ser:ioua chargee , , 7<'9 Section 12. Committ~ of examinerI' .. 759
19.44 Light charges " . 718 Section 13. Disciplinary measul'@8 . . 769
19.46 Resort to judicial remedies r utred,: Section 14, Passing average :...' " . 759
in some administrative es, "." ,.."" . 718 Section 15. Report of the committee; filing
of examination papers , , 759
Section 16. Failing candidatee to tab review course . 760
G. Al)MJNJ8TIIA PROCEDURE
; Section 17. Admission and oath of successful
19.46 How prcceediuga are i,atitu ". 744
, applicants , . 760
Section 18. CertiJkal<> . 760
19.47 A<t;on on the compiainL, .... 74S 760
19.48 By whom ec mplaint investi Section 19, Attorney'a roll .
745 760
Hearing , , , , . section 20. Duties of attorney, , , .
19.49 741
761
19.60 Section 21. Authority of attorney to appear ,..
Report and recommendation . 74i
19.51 Quan'turn of evidence requi " ,. 741
Section 22. Attorney who appean in lower eourt.
presumed to.represeee client:
19.52
19.63
19,64
~!rO:;l~~:~.::::::.:::::::::::
':::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::. 7S1
75'~
on appeal , "
Section 23, Authority of attorneys to bind clients
: , . 761
762
Confidentialit.y ofproceedin , " . 75,1
19.55 Rein.tateml!nt ofjudge previ u.ly dismissed . 751i Section 24. Compensation of attorneys; agreemen~
as to fees ,.., " . 762
Sectlon 25. Unlawful retention of client's funds;
contempt ..... 762
APPEND CES Section 26, Change of attorneys " . 762
Section 27. Disbarment or suspension of attorneys
APPEND A . by Supreme Court;j/TOundnllerefor .... 763
RULES OF Section .28, Suspension of attorney by the Court of
Appeals or Court of First Inateace . 763
RULE 138 - AtTORNEYS AND Sectdon 29. Upon suspension by Court or A~.
or Court of Firat Instance.
Section 1. Who may practice law 756 further proceedings in Supreme Court 763
Section 2. ReqUirements for all Section 30. Attorney to be heard before removal
admission to the ar ..;.: , . 756 or suSpension , " .." " , " ' 763
Section 3. Requirement for )awy l'I who are citizan, section 31. Att<>rney. for destitute litigants . 764
~fthe United S of America . 756 Section 32, Compensation for attorney. de 06tio . 764
Seetion 4. ReqwremeDts ror appl cants from other Section 33, St.anding in court orperaone a'uthorlzed
.'Urlsdictions , , . 767 . to app88r for government, .., . 764
Section 3~,.By whom lit1.tion conducted 76, Section 20. Effectivity and Transitory Provtsion; 771
Section 3.::.,Certain attc eyenot to pr.a.cli~:~'''''''
7fH
. ~tion 36" AmiCUIl curi . 764 RULE 140 - DISCIPLINE OF JUDGES OF REGULAR
section 37. Atoomeys Ii 764 AND SPECIAL COURTS AND JUSTICES
i; OF THE COURT OF APPEALS ANn
RULE 139-8 _. DIS:BARM[Jj: THE'SANDIGANBAYAN
OF ATl'ORNEl"S
, Section L How jnsututed . 771
Section 1. How institu ................. , . 765 " Section 2, Action on the complaint . 771
Section 3. By whom' complaint investigated ..- ,.. 771
.1\.Proceedi';f8 in the lotecraled Section 4. Hearing ~............ .. . 772
I
Bar of e PhiUppinea Section 5. Report
Section 6. Action .. .
. 772
772
Section 2. National Grie ce Investigators . Section 7. Classification of charges . 772
766
Section 3. Duties of the tional Grievance Section 8. Serious charges . 772
Inveatiga r _ . 766 Section 9. Leas serious charges ., . 773
Section 4. Chapter asets ce to complainant . Section 10. Light charges .: . 773
760
Section5. Serviceor di I " " . Section 11. Sanctions ................................................ 773
i66 Section '12. Confidentiality of proCeedinga . 714
Section 6. Verification an service of answer .

5::i'
767
767
. APPENDIX B
~v=~=t~v:e ::7?:~:..:::::.::.:.:::. 767
768
CODE OF PROFEsSIONAL RE8PONSmlLlTY
Section 10. Reporto(inve tigator . 768
Section 11. Defects . 768
Section 12. Review and d teton by the Board Chapter I - THE LAWYER AND SOCIETY
of Governo 768
Canon 1 ............ , . 775
B.Proeeedingsi Canon 2 , , , . 775
Canon 3 ...,.., , , , , . 776
Canon 4 776
Section 13. Investigation b Solicitor General 7f;g
Section 14. Report of the licitor General or other Canon 5 ................ , : . 776
Canon 6 777
court desi ted Investigator " 769
Chapter II -THE LAWYER-AND THE LEGAL
PROFESSION
Section 15. Suspenelon of a tomey by Supreme Court. 770 Canon 7 777
Section J 6. Suspension of a torney by the Court of
Canon 8 777
AppeallJ or Regional Trial Court ... 770 778
Section 17. L'pcn auspenslc by Court of Appeals or Canon 9

Regional Tr al Court. further
Cbapter III -',THE LAWYER AND THE COURTS
proceedings In Supreme Court ... 770
Section lB. Confidentiality. ""'" 770 778
Section 19. Elfpenge8 .. Canon 10
770 Canon 11 . 779

l( ',ii

Canon 12 71t1 21. Punctuality and expedition . 792


Canon 13 7~0 22. Candor and fairness " . 792
23. Attitude towards jury , . 793
Chapter IV - THE LAw.YER AND THECLIENT 24. Right of lawyer to control the incidents
of the trial... .. . 793
Oancn 14 . f 780 . 25. Taking technical advantage of opposite counsel;
Canon 15 76J agreements with him . 794
Canon 16 762 26, Professlcnel advocacy other than before courte . 794
Canon 17 782 27. Advutising, direct. aT indirect." ~ " . 794
Canon 18 782 28. StiTTing up litigation. directly or through agents . 795
Canon 19 7B~ 29. Upholding the honor of the profesJrion . 795
Canon 20 7B3 30. Justifiable and unjustifiable litigations . 796
Canon 21 784 31. Responsibility for litigation . 796
Canon 22 ............... ..,._
; , . 785 32. The lawyer's duty in its last analysis . 796
33. Partnership - names . 797
34. Division of fee ,.. 797
35. Intermediariea.. . . 797
36. Retirement from judicial potJit.ionor
public employment . 798
37. Confidence of a client . 798
38. Compensation, commtestcne and rebates . 798
I. The duty of the lawyer to th courts . 7Sf) 39. witnass.. . . 799
2. The selection'(,fjudges ... 787 40. NewspaperH........... .. . 799
~. At:U!mpb to e.x~rt personal i tluence of the court . 787 41. Discovery ofimposition and deception . 799
4. Counsel for an indigent prieo er .. .. , .................. 787 42. Expenses .. , . 799
5. The defense or prosecution 0 those 43. Approved law lists . . 799
accused of crime .......... 78'7 44. Withdrawal from employment" attorney as
.6. Adverse influence and ccnflic ing interests .... 78~ or counael.... . , . 799
7. Professional colleagues end c nfllcta of opinions .. 78~ 45. SpeciaJists.......... . . 800
8. Advieing upon the merits of client's cauae . 7Su 46. Notice of specieheed legal service .. BOO
9. Negotiations with opposite p y. 78fl 47. Aiding the unauthorized practice o( law." " . 900
10. Acquiring interest in litigati ........................ 789
11. Dealing ~ith trust property ..... 789 APPENDIXD
12. Fixing the amount of the fee. ....... 790
13. Contingent fee-J.....:........... '" ............... 790 CANONS OF JUDICIAL ETHICS ,
14. Suing a client for 8 fee.:.... 790 (Adm.inistrative Order No. 182. dated 1 Aupet 1948
15. How far a lawyer may go in s pporting a of the Department (MiDiatr)") of Juatiee)
client's cause ... 79J
16. Restraining clients from imp prietiea .. 79J 1. Relations oft.hejudiciary . 801
17. Ill-feelinge.and personalities tween advocates ......... 791 2. The public interest , : . 801
18. Treatment of writnesaes and igants .................... 792 3. A voidance of appearance of impropriety . 801
19. Appearance or .awyer as witn :.88f~r.his .client.............. 792 4. Essentialconduct , . 802
20. Newspaper diecuesion or pen 109 htJgabon .................. 79~ 5, Industry .. . 802
Canon 5.............. . : . 813
j. ti. ~mptness.. .. . . 802 81~
:A vocational, civic and charitable activities .
7. nctU'htY . . 802 813
."';(~o.-Financial activities .
8. C urt organizejaon . . 802 814
:.~.: Fiduciary activities. .. .
9. C neidereticn for witnes es and others ' . 802 814
-l~.'-., Practice oflaw and other p~l?feB8ion .
10. Curtesy and. clvilIty... ... ,....... . . 802 814
Financial disclosure .
11. A potnrmente of the jud rary and their 814
Extra-judicial appointments .. .
Compensation ... " .... " ... , 803 81'
12. ~ nehip or influence ofp roes and counsel
Political activities . ..;
.. .
803 Compliance with the codeof judicial conduct . 816
13. l;pendence . 815

~g;.;~~~~~~~~~:~
803 Date or effe<:tivity ,..
14; 803
15.
16.
.:t~'I:....:: ..:.......
::.:..:.::::: 804
'804 " APPENDIX F
17.
18. tnI'~~~:~~~:;I~O~'~
development of the 1 w.. .,.
u' the .. ,, " .....
.
804
~C JWLES ON MANDATOR'l:CONTINUING
. LEGAL'EDUCATION
805 (MCLE) FOR MJ;:JiiBl':RB OF THE IBP
19. Idi yncraares and lacon stency .. 805
20. ew Rer
21. Legialation
:.......
.
.
", .."
.
,...............
805
806 Rule 1 - PURPOSE
22. Inf actions of law.. .." , . 806 816
23. In nsistent obligations.. .. . 806 Section 1. Purpose olthe MCLE;, ..
24. B iness promotions and- elicitations
for charity.. . !.. 806 Rule 2 - MANDAWRY CONTINUING
25. .o~ inv~t.ments and relations ; . 806 .. LEGAL EDUCATION (MCLE)
26. utorshlps and trua hips ..' . 807 816
Section 1.'Constitution orthe MCLE' comm'ittee .
27. P leen politlca ,..... . . 807 816
28. Sel -Intereet .: : . Section 2. Requirements of Completion of MCLE ,..
807
29. Gi~ and favors .. 808
30. Soclal relations . 808 'Rule S _ COMPLIANCE PERIOD
31. 808
A 8 mmary of iUdic:;i ::~....... . Section L'Inieial complian'ce.perlod , . 817
Section 2. ComplianCe Group 1 . 817
1
Section 3. Coinpliari,e Group 2 817
817
Section 4. Compliance Group 3_: : .. :.. .
CODE OF JUD CIAL CONDUCT Section 5. Comt>li.ance penod for members admitted
or readmitted after ':~tabl'shment.of
P BLE . the prOgram :.... .. ,.. -.,. 817
,
Canon 1 \ . ' ' . 809 Rule 4 _ COMPo/k~'lON OF ..CREDlT UNITS
Canon 2..
Canon 3....
..
.
.
.
.
.
. 809
810 Section
.. '.
1. GUIdelines
. ..

~'.:.:.::: . :
.
. 818
AdmlDistratlve reapousibili lea ,,, . 811 Section 2. Limitation on certtUricr~~t. unite .... 819
DiBqUaJification& ,:........................................................ 811
Rem ttal of Disqualificatio 812
Canon' 4 . 812
xxxiii
x xii

Section 2. N'on-compliance notice and SO-day


Rule 6 CATEGORIES OF REDIT period to attain compliance ... 825

See ion 1. Classes of credi . 819


is _ CONSEQUENCES
See ion 2. Claim for partie patory credit.. ,
Sec ion 3. Claim for DOO-p icipatory .credit
.
.
820
820
Rule
.' .,' OF NONCOMPLIANCE
.
826
Section 1. Non..compliance fee ,." .
826
. Section 2. Listing as delinquent member .
Rule 6 COMPUTATION 0 CREDIT HOURs

~on 1.'Computation of redit hours . 820 ,. /

Rule 71' EXEMPTIONS' Section 1. Process " : : .


Section 2. Termination of delinquent hBtmg
826

826
See OD 1. Parties exempte from the MCLE : . 820 administrative process .
Sect on 2. Other parties ex pted from the MCLE . 821
on 3. Good cause fore emption'from or Rule 16 _ MANDATORY CONTINUING LEGAL
modiflcatio of requirement . 821 EDUCATION COMMrITEE
Sect on 4. Change of stat, : " . 822 827
Sect on 5. Proof of exem~h n . 822 Section 1. Composition . 827
Section 2. Duty of the' Committee .:............ ~ .
Section 3 ..Staff of the lBP . 827
Rule 8 - STANDARDS FOR PROV AL 827
Section 4. gubmission of annual budget " .
OF [CATION ACTMTrES .

Sect~ n1. Approval OfMCf pro~am . 822


Secb n 2. Standards for al~education activities .,.. 8.22

Rule 9 - PROVAL OF PR ' VlDERS -.

, ~!t:;:~:~~:!~~~";~t::~~~~i~f~~~~id~;
S6ct~?n 3. Requirements o~ 11providers " " .
823
823
823
'. Sectl n 4. Renewal of provi er approval . 824
Secti n 5. Revocation of pro ider approval -. 82-4

Rule 10 ACTMTYAND P VIDERAPPROVALFEE


Secti n l. Payment of-fees ': ..... 824

CE PROCEDURES
i'"
Sectd 1.'Compliance card' : . 824
Sectio 2. Member record k eping requirement . 825

Rule 12 - NONCOMPLIANC PROCEDURES

Beene 1. What constitutes on-compliance 825


lOlXV
xx Iv