7 views

Uploaded by anjibee

Motion of Particle in Space

- Physics Lab 2
- Forces and Motion
- 02 Kinematics Tutorial Solutions 2017
- Ch 2 1 Dim Motion
- 3. KINEMATICS
- Physics Lab
- Elementary Treatise on Rigid Body Mechanics
- Engineering Mechanics - Dynamics - R.C. Hibbeler - 6th Edition
- Chapter 2 Force and Motion TEACHER'S GUIDE
- vectors.pptx
- 4. UARM
- p1324_e
- 2.1 Acceleration
- science 10 physics summaries
- Kinematics (Theory) Final
- Motion in One Dimension
- Exam 1 review
- 08 Dynamics-Newton's 2nd Law
- 3_motion_part_1
- Chaube Pearson - Trigonometry Course in Mathematics for the IIT-JEE and Other Engineering Exams-Pearson

You are on page 1of 4

In this section, we apply the concepts of tangent and normal vectors to study the motion

of an object along a curve in space.

~

Definition: Suppose a particle moves through space so that its position at time t is R(t).

Then the velocity vector of the particle is

V~ (t) = R

~ 0 (t),

and the speed of the particle at time t is ||V~ (t)||. Similarly, the acceleration of the particle

is given by

~ = V~ 0 (t) = R

A(t) ~ 00 (t).

~

Example: The position vector of an object is given by R(t) = ht3 , t2 + 1, t3 1i, t 0. Find

its velocity, acceleration, and speed at time t = 1.

~

A(t) = h6t, 2, 6ti.

||V~ (t)|| = 6t4 + 4t2 + 6t4 = 12t4 + 4t2 .

At time t = 1, V~ (1) = h3, 2, 3i, A(1)

~ = h6, 2, 6i, and ||V~ (1)|| = 16 = 4.

Example: A moving particle starts at initial position R(0) ~ = h0, 1, 0i with initial velocity

~ ~ 2

V (0) = h1, 0, 1i. Its acceleration is A(t) = ht, t , cos 2ti. Find its velocity and position at

time t.

~ = V~ 0 (t),

Since A(t)

Z

V~ (t) = ~

A(t)dt

Z

= ht, t2 , cos 2tidt

1 2 1 3 1 ~

= t , t , sin 2t + C.

2 3 2

Using the initial velocity, V~ (0) = C ~ = h1, 0, 1i. Then

1 1 1

V~ (t) = 2 3

t + 1, t , sin(2t) + 1 .

2 3 2

Since V~ (t) = R

~ 0 (t),

Z

~

R(t) = V~ (t)dt

Z

1 2 1 3 1

= t + 1, t , sin(2t) + 1 dt

2 3 2

1 3 1 4 1 ~

= t + t, t , cos(2t) + t + C.

6 12 4

Using the initial position,

~ 1 ~ = h0, 1, 0i.

R(0) = 0, 0, +C

4

~ = h0, 1, 1/4i and

Thus, C

~ 1 3 1 1 1

R(t) = t + t, t4 + 1 cos(2t) + t + .

6 12 4 4

Example: A force of 20 N acts directly upward from the xy-plane on an object with mass 4

kg. The object starts at the origin with initial velocity V~ (0) = h1, 1, 0i. Find its position

function and its speed at time t.

F~ (t) = mA(t)

~

~

h0, 0, 20i = 4A(t)

~

A(t) = h0, 0, 5i.

~ = V~ 0 (t),

Since A(t)

Z Z

V~ (t) = ~

A(t)dt = ~

h0, 0, 5idt = h0, 0, 5ti + C.

~ = h1, 1, 0i. Thus,

||V~ (t)|| = 2 + 25t2 .

Since V~ (t) = R

~ 0 (t),

Z Z

~ 5

R(t) = V~ (t)dt = h1, 1, 5tidt = t, t, t2 ~

+ C.

2

~

Using the initial position, R(0) ~ = ~0. Thus,

=C

~ 5 2

R(t) = t, t, t .

2

Note: When studying the motion of a particle in space, it is often useful to break the

acceleration down into two components: one in the direction of the unit tangent and one

in the direction of the unit normal. These are known as the tangential and normal

components of acceleration.

~

Suppose that the position of a particle at time t is given by R(t). Then the tangential and

normal components of the particles acceleration are

~ 0 (t) R

R ~ 00 (t) ~ 0 (t) R

||R ~ 00 (t)||

AT = and AN = .

||R~ 0 (t)|| ~ 0 (t)||

||R

~

Example: A particle moves with position function R(t) = ht3 , t2 , ti. Find the tangential and

normal components of acceleration at a general position and at the origin.

First,

~ 0 (t) = h3t2 , 2t, 1i

R

~ 00 (t) = h6t, 2, 0i

R

~ 0 (t)|| = 9t4 + 4t2 + 1

||R

~ 0 (t) R

R ~ 00 (t) = 18t3 + 4t

~i ~j ~k

~ 0 (t) R ~ 00 (t) = 3t2 2t 1 = h2, 6t, 6t2 i

R

6t 2 0

~ 0 (t) R

||R ~ 00 (t)|| = 4 + 36t2 + 36t4 = 2 1 + 9t2 + 9t4 .

Then

18t3 + 4t 2 1 + 9t2 + 9t4

AT = and AN = .

9t4 + 4t2 + 1 9t4 + 4t2 + 1

At the origin (t = 0), AT = 0 and AN = 2.

- Physics Lab 2Uploaded byMatt ODonnell
- Forces and MotionUploaded byitsankurz
- 02 Kinematics Tutorial Solutions 2017Uploaded byVictoria Yong
- Ch 2 1 Dim MotionUploaded byJosh Yan
- 3. KINEMATICSUploaded byRenerio P. Gentallan Jr.
- Physics LabUploaded byharmandip
- Elementary Treatise on Rigid Body MechanicsUploaded byImran Alam
- Engineering Mechanics - Dynamics - R.C. Hibbeler - 6th EditionUploaded byJohn Carl Fuertes
- Chapter 2 Force and Motion TEACHER'S GUIDEUploaded byMakenik Melele
- vectors.pptxUploaded byCater Aid
- 4. UARMUploaded byArianeManlangit
- p1324_eUploaded byObakoma Josiah
- 2.1 AccelerationUploaded byHusNa Radzi
- science 10 physics summariesUploaded byHarleen Bansal
- Kinematics (Theory) FinalUploaded byAbhishekha Chandra Dubey
- Motion in One DimensionUploaded byShinji
- Exam 1 reviewUploaded byChristian Luciani
- 08 Dynamics-Newton's 2nd LawUploaded byeltytan
- 3_motion_part_1Uploaded byPavan Teja
- Chaube Pearson - Trigonometry Course in Mathematics for the IIT-JEE and Other Engineering Exams-PearsonUploaded bychandan verma
- Neet -2 Test Series One d 2 d Nlm Final2Uploaded byumved singh yadav
- Mastering Physics Ch 08 HW College Physics I Brian Uzpen LCCCUploaded bySamuel
- Using Graphs Exercise.pdfUploaded bywolfretonmaths
- KinematicsUploaded bykumutha
- 3. MF006 Lecture 3 - Uniform Accelerated Motion 1Uploaded byWei Wei
- Misconception Questions With Discussion UpdatedUploaded byKariem Mohamed Ragab Hamed
- 10 Exercise 5 Acceleration Analysis of MechanismsUploaded byMohamed Mostafa
- physics 1-DUploaded byPranayGupta
- Moving ThingsUploaded byGangesh Ghosh
- College Physics 10th Edition Young Test BankUploaded bya136272848

- Topic 4 - Investigation of Laterally Unsupported BeamsUploaded byanjibee
- Topic 3 - Design of Laterally Unsupported BeamUploaded byanjibee
- Topic 8 - Investigation of Propped BeamsUploaded byanjibee
- Civil Engineering Reviewer - Soil and FoundationUploaded bymark_torreon
- Topic 9 - Design of Continuous BeamsUploaded byanjibee
- Topic 1 - Design of Laterally Supported BeamsUploaded byanjibee
- Topic 2 - Investigation of Laterally Supported BeamsUploaded byanjibee
- Topic 6 - Investigation of Restrained BeamsUploaded byanjibee
- Short Outline - Steel DesignUploaded byanjibee
- Mathalino - Double Integration MethodUploaded byanjibee
- echos langUploaded byanjibee
- Concept Quiz GeotechUploaded byanjibee
- 0.5 cm graph paperUploaded byanjibee
- Algebra - XUploaded byjadedoctolero
- Area Moment Method from MathalinoUploaded byanjibee
- Test ScribdUploaded byanjibee
- Religious EducationUploaded byanjibee
- batanesUploaded byanjibee

- Aerospace 008Uploaded byPunith Ml
- 08Jan08_AM110Uploaded bySameerSaurabh
- Capitulo 26 tiplerUploaded byHamzaAouidat
- Full Text of _An Introduction to Tensor Calculus & RelativityUploaded byanamen
- GravityUploaded bymeilin101
- func_eqnsUploaded bySabat Umar
- Sujatha PaperUploaded byMd Safeyat Hasan
- Basic DynamicsUploaded byM Refaat Fath
- CAMprofile prob.pdfUploaded bySaurabh Manral
- Dual Nature of Electro-magnetic radiation,Uploaded byAgnivesh Sharma
- Aerodynamics - Part-2 - KrasnovUploaded byJosé Luis Silva Manriquez
- Fluid ExamplesUploaded byDubey Deepak
- Quantum MechanicsUploaded byriemannadi
- Lecture 17Uploaded byBilli
- 34504437 EngineeringUploaded bySivabalan
- PHYSICS 202Uploaded bypalace2022
- U-I-Chapter-1-2-WaveEquationUploaded bysivamadhaviyam
- Dynamics Lecture-1b.pdfUploaded byAhmad Irfan
- Waves NotesUploaded bycgozzard
- Hints on DiffractionUploaded byVesnog
- PC1431 Assignment 4 AnswersUploaded byMikael Lee
- Alexandre Koyré-Newtonian Studies-Chapman & Hall (1965)Uploaded byRus Bioli
- Constant Acceleration - Solutions.pdfUploaded bywolfretonmaths
- 2012 Fluid Mechanics QP - Amrita UniversityUploaded byAkshay Rajan
- Free Surface Water Waves Part 1Uploaded byAhmad Zuhairi Abdollah
- Free Falling BodiesUploaded byGeralyn Palambiano
- Critical Speed of ShaftsUploaded bysachmaya
- Lecture Dynamics RotationUploaded byThời Hoa Đỏ
- infoPLC_net_78788716_G120_at_S7-1500_TO_DOKU_v10_en_Uploaded byyomotoro1
- physics bits.docxUploaded byhareesh.makesu