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LESSON TRANSCRIPT

Lower Beginner S1 #14


How Many Norwegian Mountains
Did You Climb This Morning?

CONTENTS
2 INTRODUCTION
2 POST CONVERSATION BANTER
2 KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
4 LESSON FOCUS
5 OUTRO

# 14
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INTRODUCTION

Filip: Hello! Hi, I am Filip.


Becky: And Im Becky. Welcome back to NorwegianClass101.com. This is Lower
Beginner, Season 1, Lesson 14 - How Many Norwegian Mountains Did You Climb This
Morning? In this lesson, youll start to learn about the past tense.
Filip: Conjugating verbs in Norwegian can sometimes be quite confusing. This is
because there are so many irregular verbs and semi-regular verbs.
Becky: So in this lesson, well cover some of the conjugation itself, and some common
structures in the past tense.
Filip: In the conversation, Kjersti and Espen are visiting Kjerstis parents, and her
mother is asking about their recent trip to Galdhpiggen.
Becky: Lets listen to the conversation.

POST CONVERSATION BANTER

Becky: When I was in Norway, I noticed that its not common for families to live
together as extended families... I mean, living with your grandparents or parents.
Filip: True, when children have grown up, they usually move out a bit further away from
their parents. Its common for the parents to live in the same place until they grow old,
and eventually move into a nursing home.
Becky: I see, so its not too different from British culture or American culture, although
I noticed that this is very common in Norway. And sometimes they live pretty far away
from each other too.
Filip: Yeah, now that people are urbanising more and more, I think its going to become
more common to live closer together but, this generation has had parents and
grandparents who lived in the countryside to begin with, or who moved there in later
years to find more peace.
Becky: Right, for example Kjerstis parents, who seem to live in some remote area.
Filip: Yeah, they live in Lom, a small town north of Galdhpiggen.
Becky: I see. And its common for people to visit their relatives now and then, say
during holidays or family reunions, just to catch up and to see some familiar faces
again, right?
Filip: Yeah, its common to visit your relatives at least once or twice a year.
Becky: Ok, now lets move on to the vocab.

KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES

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Becky: Let's have a closer look at the usuage for some of the words and phrases from
this lesson.
Filip: Well be looking at 2 words and a phrase in this lesson. The first word is
hvordan. Now, hvordan means how. The important thing here is to avoid confusing
it with hvor. That means where, but its used in conjunction with modifiers like mye
meaning much or langt meaning long.
Becky: In English, they would combine to create How much or how long.
Filip: In Norwegian, these are hvor mye and hvor langt. However, you cant use
hvordan in these scenarios. You cant combine hvordan and mye, for example. It
just wouldnt make sense. Instead, you use hvordan to ask how, are you doing
that?. So youre asking how something is like this, or like that.
Becky: Ok B, give us an example.
Filip: Hvordan gjr du det?
Becky: How are you doing that? Next we have the English phrase very nice or
incredibly nice.
Filip: In Norwegian, you join certain words together to avoid confusion that would occur
if they were written separately in a sentence. This is also known as compounding.
kjempefint is one of these linked words. Separately, its kjempe and fint.
Becky: Which aregiant and nice respectively. And written separately in a sentence,
they would mean exactly that -Giant and nice.
Filip: Lets see some examples in sentences. Its Kjempefint vr i dag if written
together, but written separately, it would be kjempe[leave a pause] fint vr i dag.
Becky: While they sound similar, the meanings are Really nice weather today and
Giant nice weather today respectively. It is easiest to remember these compounds as
a new word. Heres another example.
Filip: Turen var kjempefin.
Becky: The trip was really nice.
Filip: Finally, the phrase we want to explain is fikk sett. In the infinitive, its f se.
Becky: got to see and to get to see there. This phrase works pretty much the same
in English as in Norwegian, and is often used in scenarios like the one in our dialogue.
Although the translation was a bit different in our dialogue, it could just as well have
been...
Filip: ...vi kom opp p morgenen og fikk sett soloppgangen
Becky: ...We reached the top during morning and got to see the sunrise. Alright, lets
look at an example of that one too.
Filip: Vi fikk sett

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sognefjorden
Becky: We got to see the Sogne fjord
Filip: Alright. Now lets move on to the grammar.

LESSON FOCUS

Becky: In this lesson, youll learn how to use the past tense.
Filip: Firstly, lets break down the sentence hvordan hadde dere det? The first word is
the question word hvordan meaning how. This is followed by hadde meaning had.
And then the pronoun dere, you. And finally det meaning it, which is also a
pronoun. hvordan hadde dere det?
Becky: Directly translated it is how had you it?
Filip: Now, if we conjugate this sentence into present tense it looks like this Hvordan
har dere det?
Becky: How are you having it?
Filip: In present tense its hvordan har dere det? In the past tense, its Hvordan hadde
dere det?
Filip: Learning how to use the past tense in Norwegian can be a bit daunting, because
there are so many irregular and semi-regular forms.
Becky: So in this lesson, well look at the regular past tense. That is, the past
participle. Theres another past tense called present perfect tense, but well save that
one for later.
Filip: The regular past tense is used to talk about events and situations that happened
in the past.
Becky: Firstly, in Norwegian the only part of a sentence that is conjugated into past
tense is the verbs. When you conjugate a verb it will either change shape, which is
irregular, or add a tail, which is a regular verb.
Filip: There are also some semi-regular verbs, which only change slightly when theyre
conjugated. For example, they have one of the regular endings, but some letters also
change to slightly alter the sound.
Becky: This might sound a lot more difficult than it actually is. The key here is to learn
every verbs conjugated form as well. Secondly, when you start to grasp the sound and
flow of the language, youll easily hear it when a verb is conjugated incorrectly. Lets
look at some of the common verb endings.
Filip: klatre - klatret
Becky: To climb -

NORWEGI ANCLAS S 101.COM LOWER BEGI NNER S 1 #14 - HOW MANY NORWEGI AN MOUNT AI NS DI D YOU CLI MB T HI S MORNI NG? 4
climbed
Filip: kjre - kjrte
Becky: to drive - drove
Filip: s - sdde
Becky: to sow - sowed
Filip: f - fikk
Becky: to get - got
Becky: So these were some fairly common verb endings, or tails.
Filip: Were changing the end part of the verb to one of these - -t, -te, -de, and -ikk
Becky: Out of these, by far the one youll hear the most is the -te ending.
Filip: Yes, and you might notice this as you learn different verbs. And as A said, its
easiest to learn the conjugated form of each verb as well, from the beginning.
Becky: So lets look at some structures you can put these verbs in. Or some more
sample sentences that include these verbs.
Filip: Hun klatret Mt. Fuji i fjor
Becky: She climbed Mt. Fuji last year
Filip: Jeg kjrte bil til Oslo.
Becky: I drove in a car to Oslo
Filip: De sdde jordbrplanter i hagen
Becky: They sowed strawberry plants in the backyard
Filip: Fikk du tatt med deg tingene dine?
Becky: Did you manage (to get) to bring your stuff?

OUTRO

Filip: Alright, thats all for this lesson.


Filip: Well have more about the past tense in the next lesson.
Becky: Until then, please make sure you check the lesson notes.
Filip: Takk for at dere hrte p, hade!
Becky: Thanks for listening, and see you next time!

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