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# 1..

## Strain energy is the

[A].energy stored in a body when strained within elastic limits
[B]. energy stored in a body when strained upto the breaking of a specimen
[C]. maximum strain energy which can be stored in a body
[D].proof resilience per unit volume of a material
2. A beam supported on more than two supports is called
A.simply supported beam
B. fixed beam
C. overhanging beam
D.continuous beam
3. A beam extending beyond the supports is called
A.simply supported beam
B. fixed beam
C. overhanging beam
D.cantilever beam
4. A vertical column has two moments of inertia (i.e. Ixx and Iyy ). The column will tend to
buckle in the direction of the
[B]. perpendicular to the axis of load
[C]. maximum moment of inertia
[D].minimum moment of inertia
5. A shaft of diameter D is subjected to a twisting moment (T) and a bending moment (M). If
the maximum bending stress is equal to maximum shear stress developed, then M is equal to
A.T/2
B. T
C. 2T
D.4T
6. The compression test is carried on __________ materials.
[A].ductile
[B]. brittle
[C]. malleable
[D].plastic

7.

ratio of specific weight of a liquid to the specific weight of pure water at a standard
temperature is called

A.density of liquid
B. specific gravity of liquid
C. compressibility of liquid
D.surface tension of liquid
8. The hydraulic mean depth or the hydraulic radius is the ratio of
A.area of flow and wetted perimeter
B. wetted perimeter and diameter of pipe
C. velocity of flow and area of flow
D.none of these
9. The imaginary line drawn in the fluid in such a way that the tangent to any point gives the
direction of motion at that point, is known as
A.path line
B. stream line
C. steak line
D.potential line
10. The specific volume of a system is an __________ property.
[A].extensive
[B]. intensive
11. According to Kelvin-Planck's statement of second law of thermodynamics,
it is impossible to construct an engine working on a cyclic process, whose sole purpose is to
convert heat energy into work
it is possible to construct an engine working on a cyclic process, whose sole purpose is to
B.
convert heat energy into work
it is impossible to construct a device which operates in a cyclic process and produces no effect
C.
other than the transfer of heat from a cold body to a hot body
D.none of the above
A.

12. According to Gay-Lussac law, the absolute pressure of a given mass of a perfect gas varies
__________ as its absolute temperature, when the volume remains constant.
A.directly
B. indirectly

## 13. Which of the following gas has a minimum molecular mass?

[A].Oxygen
[B]. Nitrogen
[C]. Hydrogen
[D].Methane
14. A process, in which the temperature of the working substance remains constant during its
expansion or compression, is called
A.isothermal process
B. hyperbolic process
D.polytropic process
15. If in the equation pvn = C, the value of n = 1, then the process is called isothermal process.
A.isothermal process
B. Isentropic process
D.polytropic process
16. Which of the following process can be made reversible with the help of a regenerator?
A.Constant pressure process
B. Constant volume process
C. Constant pvn process
D.all of these
17. Stirling cycle consists of
[A].two constant volume and two isentropic processes
[B]. two constant volume and two isothermal processes
[C]. two constant pressure and two isothermal processes
[D].one constant volume, one constant pressure and two isentropic processes
18. In a four stroke cycle, the minimum temperature inside the engine cylinder occurs at the
[A].beginning of suction stroke
[B]. end of suction stroke
[C]. beginning of exhaust stroke
[D].end of exhaust stroke

## 19. The Diesel engines are also known as

A.spark ignition (S.I.) engines
B. compression ignition (C.I.) engines
C. steam engines
D.none of these
20. The firing order in an I.C. engine depends upon
A.arrangement of the cylinders
B. design of crankshaft
C. number of cylinders
D.all of these
21. The thermal efficiency of petrol and gas engines is about
A.25%
B. 30%
C. 50%
D.70%
22. Detonation is harmful due to
increase in the rate of heat transfer, there is a reduction in the power output and efficiency of
the engine
excessive turbulence which removes most of the insulating gas boundary layer from the
B.
cylinder walls
C. high intensity of knock causes crankshaft vibration and the engine runs rough
D.none of the above
A.

23. The reference fuels for knock rating of spark ignition engines would include
A.iso-octane and alpha-methyl naphthalene
B. normal octane and aniline
C. iso-octane and normal hexane
D.normal heptane and iso-octane
24. The thermal efficiency of a standard Otto cycle for a compression ratio of 5.5 will be
A.25%
B. 50%
C. 70%

D.100%
25. If the speed of the engine is increased, the indicated power will
A.increase
B. decrease
C. remain same
D. Increase then decrease

26. The specific fuel consumption per B.P. hour for a petrol engine is about
A.0.2 kg
B. 0.25 kg
C. 0.3 kg
D.0.35 kg
27. In order to eliminate knocking in compression ignition engines, there should be
A.short delay period
B. late auto-ignition
C. low compression ratio
D.high self ignition temperature of fuel
28. The power actually developed inside the engine cylinder is called as
A.indicated power
B. brake power
C. frictional power
D.none of these
29. The ratio of the indicated thermal efficiency to the air standard efficiency is known as
[A].mechanical efficiency
[B]. overall efficiency
[C]. volumetric efficiency
[D].relative efficiency
30. A nuclear reactor is said to be critical when the neutron population in the reactor core is
[A].rapidly increasing leading to the point of explosion
[B]. decreasing from the specified value
[C]. reduced to zero
[D].constant

## 31. The volumetric efficiency for reciprocating air compressors is about

A.10 to 40%
B. 40 to 60%
C. 60 to 70%
D.70 to 90%
32. The volume of air sucked by the compressor during its suction stroke is called
[A].free air delivery
[B]. compressor capacity
[C]. swept volume
[D].none of these
33. The heat transfer takes place according to
[A].Zeroth law of thermodynamics
[B]. First law of thermodynamics
[C]. Second law of thermodynamics
[D].Kirchhoff's law
34. In case of liquids and gases, the heat transfer takes place according to
A.Conduction

B. convection
D.none of these

## 35. Which of the following statement is wrong?

A.The heat transfer in liquid and gases takes place according to convection.
B. The amount of heat flow through a body is dependent upon the material of the body.
C. The thermal conductivity of solid metals increases with rise in temperature,
Logarithmic mean temperature difference is not equal to the arithmetic mean temperature
D.
difference.
36. In free convection heat transfer transition from laminar to turbulent flow is governed by the
critical value of the
A.Reynold's number
B. Grashoff's number
C. Reynold's number, Grashoff's number
D.Prandtl number, Grashoff's number

## 37. In a refrigerating machine, heat rejected is __________ heat absorbed.

A.equal to
B. less than
C. greater than
38. While designing the refrigeration system of an aircraft, the prime consideration is that the
A.system has high C.O.P.
B. power per TR is low
C. mass of refrigerant circulated in the system is low
D.mass of the refrigeration equipment is low
39. In aqua-ammonia and Lithium-bromide water absorption refrigeration systems, the
refrigerants are respectively
A.water and water
B. water and lithium bromide
C. ammonia and lithium bromide
D.ammonia and water
40. Which of the following statement is wrong?
A.The value of C.O.P. is always greater than one.
In a vapour compression system, the condition of refrigerant before entering the compressor is
B.
dry saturated vapour.
The space between the saturated liquid line and saturated vapour line, in a pressure enthalpy
C.
chart, is wet vapour region.
D.none of the above
41. During humidification process, dry bulb temperature
A.remains constant
B. increases
C. decreases
42. In aqua-ammonia and Lithium-bromide water absorption refrigeration systems, the
refrigerants are respectively
A.water and water
B. water and lithium bromide
C. ammonia and lithium bromide
D.ammonia and water

## 43. Which of the following material has maximum ductility?

A.Mild steel
B. Copper
C. Nickel
D.Aluminium
44. A nozzle is said to be a convergent nozzle
A.when the cross-section of the nozzle increases continuously from entrance to exit
B. when the cross-section of the nozzle decreases continuously from entrance to exit
when the cross-section of the nozzle first decreases from entrance to throat and then increases
C.
from its throat to exit
D.none of the above
45. A turbine is said to have an axial discharge when the steam leaves the blade tip at
__________ to the direction of the blade motion.
A.60
B. 90
C. 180
D.270
46. The ratio of total useful heat drop to the total isentropic heat drop, is called
A.stage efficiency
B. internal efficiency
C. Rankine efficiency
D.none of these
47. The flow through a nozzle is regarded as
A.constant volume flow
B. constant pressure flow
C. isothermal flow
D.isentropic flow
(Note: all questions are from Khurmi mechanical engineering and answer source is khurmi. I dont
remember 3 question from Refrigeration portion)
Good Luck