You are on page 1of 6

Himachal Pradesh

The earliest known inhabitants of the region were tribals called Dasas. Later, Aryans came and
they assimilated in the tribes. In the later centuries, the hill chieftains accepted suzerainty of the
Mauryan empire, the Kaushans, the Guptas and Kanuaj rulers. During the Mughal period, the
Rajas of the hill states made some mutually agreed arrangements which governed their relations.
In the 19th century, Ranjit Singh annexed/subjugated many of the states. When the British came,
they defeated Gorkhas and entered into treaties with some Rajas and annexed the kingdoms of
others. The situation more or less remained unchanged till 1947. After Independence, 30 princely
states of the area were united and Himachal Pradesh was formed on 15th April, 1948. With the
recognition of Punjab on 1st November, 1966, certain areas belonging to it were also included in
Himachal Pradesh. On 25th January, 1971, Himachal Pradesh was made a full-fledged State.
The State is bordered by Jammu & Kashmir on North, Punjab on West and South-West, Haryana
on South, Uttarakhand on South-East and China on the East.

Demographic Overview

SN

Indicators

Unit

Himachal Pradesh

Geographical Area

Sq. Km

55,673

Population

people

68,64,602

Decadal Growth Rate

Percentage

12.8

Density of Population

Population/Sq. Km.

189

Urban to Total Population

Percentage

30.49

Sex Ratio

Females/1000 Males 972

Literacy Rate (LR)

Percentage

82.80

Horticulture land are

Hectare

224352

Source - census 2011


http://censusindia.gov.in/2011census/censusinfodashboard/stock/profiles/en/IND002_Himachal
%20Pradesh.pdf

Horticulture zone in Himachal Pradesh


Zone
Sub- tropical, Sub- mountain,
Low Hill

Elevation(meters
AMSL)
365-914

Sub- tropical,Sub-humid,
Mid-hills

915-1523

Wet-Temperate High Hills

1524-2472

Dry Temperate High Hills &


Cold Desert

Above 2472

Suitable fruit crops


Fruits: Mango, Litchi, Citrus, Aonla, Pomegranate, Low chilling varieties
of Peach, Plum and Pear, Strawberry
Vegetables: Tomato, Capsicum, Cabbage, root crops
Medicinal & Aromatic Plants: Safed Musli, Aloevera, Rose
Floriculture: Gladiolus, Lillium, Marigold, Chrysanthemum
Spices: Ginger, Turmeric
Fruits: Stone Fruits (Peach, Plum, Apricot, Almond), Pear, Pomegranate,
Pecan nut, Walnut, Kiwi Fruit, Strawberry.
Vegetable: Peas, Cauliflower Tomato, Capsicum, Cabbage, root crops
Medicinal & Aromatic Plants: Thyme, Tulsi, Aloe vera, Rose, Stevia
Floriculture: Carnation Gladiolus, Lillium, Marigold, Chrysanthemum,
Alstroemeria
Spices: Ginger, Garlic, Turmeric
Fruits: Apple, Pear, Cherry, Almond, Walnut, Chestnut, Hazelnut,
Strawberry.
Vegetable: Broccoli, Asparagus, Parsley, Tomato, Capsicum Medicinal &
Aromatic
Plants:
Lavender,
Rose,
Taxus
baccata
Floriculture:
Gladiolus,
Lillium,
Marigold,
Chrysanthemum.
Spices: Ginger, Garlic
Fruits: Apple, Grapes, Prunes, Drying type of Apricot, Almond, Chilgoza,
Pistachionut, Walnut, Hazel-nut
Vegetable: Seed crops of all vegetables, Exotic vegetable
Medicinal & Aromatic Plants: Hops, Sea Buckthorn, Kuth, Kala Jeera

Source -http://himachal.gov.in/index1.php?
lang=1&dpt_id=17&level=1&sublinkid=3006&lid=3571
http://admis.hp.nic.in/tmne/Agroclimaticzone.aspx

S.No.

Crop

Area (hectare)

Apple
Plum
Peach
Apricot
Pear
Cherry
Kiwi

106440

2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
Total

Pomegranate

Olive
Persimmon
Strawberry
Almond
Walnut
Picannut
Hazelnut
Orange
Malta
k.Lime
Galgal
Other Citrus

Mango
Litchi
Guava
Aonla
Jackfruit
Papaya
Loquat
Others

8546
5159
3577
7283
456
117
1968
46
402
55
5473
4557
860
12
8609
1538
10354
2255
53
39828
4742
2233
2158
654
215
64
649
214574

Production
275036
9842
5101
2437
11760
433
150
749
13
199
284
1069
1242
178
0
13889
2097
5470
3535
46
28972
2980
2642
1861
446
1033
153
1058
372823

S.No.
2004-05
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24

CROP
2005-06

Apple
Plum
Peach
Aprico
t
Pear
Cherr
y
Kiwi
Pomeg
ranate

Year

2006-07
2007-08
2008-09
527601 540356 268402 592576
19717
11763
10546
9373
6564
7823
8173
9224
2415
2890
2768
3311

2009-10
510161
9591
9935
3224

2010-11
2011-12
280105 892112
10413
13717
5162
9527
2200
3341

29590
415

23990
447

12039
438

29573
698

15450
453

17381
419

102
141

138
223

77
183

137
196

118

311

38
211

8
174

8
152

485

524

643

9
Olive
164
Persi
mmon
Straw 425
berry
G.Alm 622
ond
Almon 533
d
Walnu 3099
t
Pican 94
nut
Hazelnu 2
t
Orang 13702
e
Malta 4391
k.Lim 5730
e
Galgal 3832
Other 899
Citrus
Mang 59739
o
Litchi 3556
Guav 3376

2012-13

2013-14

412395
12107
11276
3263

738723
15991
6271
3165

32075
1039

25212
412

35214
1183

154
475

112
622

555
1351

114
2539

9
224

7
196

9
335

15
209

8
519

480

435

447

466

348

480

665

706

124

88

43

226

579

1303

1211

1176

1623

1345

1815

1134

929

1798

1555

1596

1776

1294

1632

1482

2390

173

144

144

146

171

193

191

159

18397

4650

15363

15360

17457

17849

13214

11010

1409
5921

933
2977

1457
4629

1902
4839

2028
5190

1911
5313

1930
6030

1946
5927

3354
78

2862
1248

3136
89

3613

293

3432
36

3474
129

3060
82

3277
113

63091

40159

29252

38751

24162

31463

50001

25408

3702
2833

2851
2207

2466
2795

3363

3385
2343

3047
3061

3059
2761

3275
2502

2426

a
Aonal
a
Jackfr
uit
Papay
a
Loqua
t
Other
s

25
26
27
28
29
Total

692011

1677

1638

1365

1898

2017

1634

1937

2308

1782

273

375

378

253

222

458

448

600

448

2499

1089

1251

949

686

976

891

1175

1280

40

166

49

120

60

169

158

122

104

806

1183

1264

1082

961

1109

1102

1189

1008

555708

866344

695517

369103

712843

628076

382237

1027821

372823

GROSS VALUE
OF
HORTICULTURE
PRODUCE : S.No

Commodity

Production ( In
M.T )2014-15

Value Rs. (In Crores


) 2014-15

1.
2.

Fruits
Flowers

3582.91

3.
4.
5.
Total

Honey
Mushroom
Hops

751938
27204 M.T &
1868.05 Lakh Nos.
1632.77
8035.22
0.0074
3770.0302

90.18

32.66
64.28
0.0002

Taxation Policy- State Govt. - Himachal Pradesh

VAT: In Himachal Pradesh VAT has not been levied on agriculture implements,
agriculture/horticulture produce, animal feeds and feed supplements, articles
made of bamboo wood used for agriculture purpose, food grains supplied by
Government of India (PDS,BPL, Antodaya Anna Yojna and Annapurna Yojna),
fresh fruits, fresh milk and pasteurized milk, fresh plant, sapling and fresh
flowers, fresh vegetables, garlic, ginger, green chillies, onions, potatoes and
their seed, meat, fish, prawn, eggs, livestock etc.