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MCQ TESTING OF HYPOTHESIS

MCQ 13.1
A statement about a population developed for the purpose of testing is called:
(a) Hypothesis
(b) Hypothesis testing
(c) Level of significance (d) Test-statistic
MCQ 13.2
Any hypothesis which is tested for the purpose of rejection under the assumption that it is true is
called:
(a) Null hypothesis (b) Alternative hypothesis (c) Statistical hypothesis (d) Composite hypothesis
MCQ 13.3
A statement about the value of a population parameter is called:
(a) Null hypothesis
(b) Alternative hypothesis (c) Simple hypothesis (d) Composite hypothesis
MCQ 13.4
Any statement whose validity is tested on the basis of a sample is called:
(a) Null hypothesis (b) Alternative hypothesis (c) Statistical hypothesis

(b) Simple hypothesis

MCQ 13.5
A quantitative statement about a population is called:
(a) Research hypothesis (b) Composite hypothesis (c) Simple hypothesis (d) Statistical hypothesis
MCQ 13.6
A statement that is accepted if the sample data provide sufficient evidence that the null hypothesis is false is
called:
(a) Simple hypothesis
(b) Composite hypothesis (c) Statistical hypothesis
(d) Alternative hypothesis
MCQ 13.7
The alternative hypothesis is also called:
(a) Null hypothesis (b) Statistical hypothesis

(c) Research hypothesis

(d) Simple hypothesis

MCQ 13.8
A hypothesis that specifies all the values of parameter is called:
(a) Simple hypothesis
(b) Composite hypothesis
(c) Statistical hypothesis

(d) None of the above

MCQ 13.9
The hypothesis 10 is a:
(a) Simple hypothesis

(d) Difficult to tell.

(b) Composite hypothesis

(c) Alternative hypothesis

MCQ 13.10
If a hypothesis specifies the population distribution is called:
(a) Simple hypothesis
(b) Composite hypothesis
(c) Alternative hypothesis
MCQ 13.11
A hypothesis may be classified as:
(a) Simple
(b) Composite

(c) Null

(d) None of the above

(d) All of the above

MCQ 13.12
The probability of rejecting the null hypothesis when it is true is called:
(a) Level of confidence
(b) Level of significance
(c) Power of the test

(d) Difficult to tell

MCQ 13.13
The dividing point between the region where the null hypothesis is rejected and the region where it is not
rejected is said to be:
(a) Critical region
(b) Critical value
(c) Acceptance region
(d) Significant region
MCQ 13.14
If the critical region is located equally in both sides of the sampling distribution of test-statistic, the test is
called:
(a) One tailed
(b) Two tailed
(c) Right tailed
(d) Left tailed
MCQ 13.15
The choice of one-tailed test and two-tailed test depends upon:
(a) Null hypothesis
(b) Alternative hypothesis
(c) None of these
MCQ 13.16
Test of hypothesis Ho: = 50 against H1: > 50 leads to:
(a) Left-tailed test
(b) Right-tailed test
(c) Two-tailed test

(d) Composite hypotheses

(d) Difficult to tell

MCQ 13.17
Test of hypothesis Ho: = 20 against H1: < 20 leads to:
(a) Right one-sided test
(b) Left one-sided test
(c) Two-sided test

(d) All of the above

MCQ 13.18
Testing Ho: = 25 against H1: 20 leads to:
(a) Two-tailed test (b) Left-tailed test (c) Right-tailed test (d) Neither (a), (b) and (c)
MCQ 13.19
A rule or formula that provides a basis for testing a null hypothesis is called:
(a) Test-statistic
(b) Population statistic
(c) Both of these
MCQ 13.20
The range of test statistic-Z is:
(a) 0 to 1
(b) -1 to +1

(c) 0 to

(d) - to +

MCQ 13.21
The range of test statistic-t is:
(a) 0 to
(b) 0 to 1

(c) - to +

(d) -1 to +1

MCQ 13.22
If Ho is true and we reject it is called:
(a) Type-I error
(b) Type-II error

(c) Standard error

MCQ 13.23
The probability associated with committing type-I error is:
(a)
(b)
(c) 1

(d) None of the above

(d) Sampling error

(d) 1

MCQ 13.24
A failing student is passed by an examiner, it is an example of:
(a) Type-I error
(b) Type-II error (c) Unbiased decision

(d) Difficult to tell

MCQ 13.25
A passing student is failed by an examiner, it is an example of:
(a) Type-I error (b) Type-II error
(c) Best decision
(d) All of the above
MCQ 13.26
1 is also called:
(a) Confidence coefficient

(b) Power of the test

MCQ 13.27
1 is the probability associated with:
(a) Type-I error
(b) Type-II error

(c) Size of the test

(c) Level of confidence

(d) Level of significance

(d) Level of significance

MCQ 13.28
Area of the rejection region depends on:
(a) Size of
(b) Size of
(c) Test-statistic

(d) Number of values

MCQ 13.29
Size of critical region is known as:
(a)
(b) 1 -

(d) Size of the test

(c) Critical value

MCQ 13.30
A null hypothesis is rejected if the value of a test statistic lies in the:
(a) Rejection region
(b) Acceptance region (c) Both (a) and (b)

(d) Neither (a) nor (b)

MCQ 13.31
The test statistic is equal to:

MCQ 13.32
Level of significance is also called:
(a) Power of the test
(b) Size of the test (c) Level of confidence
MCQ 13.33
Level of significance lies between:
(a) -1 and +1
(b) 0 and 1

(d) - to +

(c) 0 and n

MCQ 13.34
Critical region is also called:
(a) Acceptance region
(b) Rejection region

(c) Confidence region

MCQ 13.35
The probability of rejecting Ho when it is false is called:
(a) Power of the test
(b) Size of the test
(c) Level of confidence
MCQ 13.36
Power of a test is related to:
(a) Type-I error
(b) Type-II error

(d) Confidence coefficient

(c) Both (a) and (b)

(d) Statistical region

(d) Confidence coefficient

(d) Neither (a) and (b)

MCQ 13.37
In testing hypothesis + is always equal to:
(a) One
(b) Zero
(c) Two
MCQ 13.38
The significance level is the risk of:
(a) Rejecting Ho when Ho is correct
(c) Rejecting H1 when H1 is correct

(d) Difficult to tell

(b) Rejecting Ho when H1 is correct


(d) Accepting Ho when Ho is correct.

MCQ 13.39
An example in a two-sided alternative hypothesis is:
(a) H1: < 0
(b) H1: > 0
(c) H1: 0

(d) H1: 0

MCQ 13.40
If the magnitude of calculated value of t is less than the tabulated value of t and H1 is two-sided, we
should:
(a) Reject Ho
(b) Accept H1
(c) Not reject Ho
(d) Difficult to tell
MCQ 13.41
Accepting a null hypothesis Ho:
(a) Proves that Ho is true
(c) Implies that Ho is likely to be true

(b) Proves that Ho is false


(d) Proves that 0

MCQ 13.42
The chance of rejecting a true hypothesis decreases when sample size is:
(a) Decreased
(b) Increased
(c) Constant

(d) Both (a) and (b)

MCQ 13.43
The equality condition always appears in:
(a) Null hypothesis
(b) Simple hypothesis (c) Alternative hypothesis

(d) Both (a) and (b)

MCQ 13.44
Which hypothesis is always in an inequality form?
(a) Null hypothesis
(b) Alternative hypothesis

(d) Composite hypothesis

(c) Simple hypothesis

MCQ 13.45
Which of the following is composite hypothesis?
(a) o
(b) o
(c) = o

(d) o

MCQ 13.46
P (Type I error) is equal to:
(a) 1
(b) 1

(c)

MCQ 13.47
P (Type II error) is equal to:
(a)
(b)

(c) 1

(d) 1

MCQ 13.48
The power of the test is equal to:
(a)
(b)

(c) 1

(d) 1

(d)

MCQ 13.49
The degree of confidence is equal to:
(a)
(b)

(c) 1

MCQ 13.50
/ 2 is called:
(a) One tailed significance level
(c) Left tailed significance level

(b) Two tailed significance level


(d) Right tailed significance level

(d) 1

MCQ 13.51
Students t-test is applicable only when:
(a) n30 and is known (b) n>30 and is unknown (c) n=30 and is known (d) All of the above
MCQ 13.52
Students t-statistic is applicable in case of:
(a) Equal number of samples (b) Unequal number of samples (c) Small samples (d) All of the above
MCQ 13.53
Paired t-test is applicable when the observations in the two samples are:
(a) Equal in number (b) Paired
(c) Correlation
(d) All of the above
MCQ 13.54
The degree of freedom for paired t-test based on n pairs of observations is:
(a) 2n - 1
(b) n - 2
(c) 2(n - 1) (d) n - 1
MCQ 13.55
The test-statistic
(a) n

(b) n - 1

has d.f = ________:


(c) n - 2

(d) n1 + n2 - 2

MCQ 13.56
In an unpaired samples t-test with sample sizes n1= 11 and n2= 11, the value of tabulated t should be
obtained for:
(a) 10 degrees of freedom
(b) 21 degrees of freedom
(c) 22 degrees of freedom
(d) 20 degrees of freedom
MCQ 13.57
In analyzing the results of an experiment involving seven paired samples, tabulated t should be
obtained for:
(a) 13 degrees of freedom
(b) 6 degrees of freedom
(c) 12 degrees of freedom
(d) 14 degrees of freedom
MCQ 13.58
The mean difference between 16 paired observations is 25 and the standard deviation of differences is
10. The value of statistic-t is:
(a) 4
(b) 10
(c) 16
(d) 25
MCQ 13.59
Statistic-t is defined as deviation of sample mean from population mean expressed in terms of:
(a) Standard deviation
(b) Standard error
(c) Coefficient of standard deviation
(d) Coefficient of variation

MCQ 13.60
Students t-distribution has (n-1) d.f. when all the n observations in the sample are:
(a) Dependent
(b) Independent (c) Maximum
(d) Minimum
MCQ 13.61
The number of independent values in a set of values is called:
(a) Test-statistic
(b) Degree of freedom
(c) Level of significance (d) Level of confidence
MCQ 13.62
The purpose of statistical inference is:
(a) To collect sample data and use them to formulate hypotheses about a population
(b) To draw conclusion about populations and then collect sample data to support the conclusions
(c) To draw conclusions about populations from sample data
(d) To draw conclusions about the known value of population parameter
MCQ 13.63
Suppose that the null hypothesis is true and it is rejected, is known as:
(a) A type-I error, and its probability is
(b) A type-I error, and its probability is
(c) A type-II error, and its probability is
(d) A type-Il error, and its probability is
MCQ 13.64
An advertising agency wants to test the hypothesis that the proportion of adults in Pakistan who read a Sunday
Magazine is 25 percent. The null hypothesis is that the proportion reading the Sunday Magazine is:
(a) Different from 25%
(b) Equal to 25%
(c) Less than 25 %
(d) More than 25 %
MCQ 13.65
If the mean of a particular population is o,

is distributed:

(a) As a standard normal variable, if the population is non-normal


(b) As a standard normal variable, if the sample is large
(c) As a standard normal variable, if the population is normal
(d) As the t-distribution with v = n - 1 degrees of freedom
MCQ 13.66
If 1 and 2 are means of two populations,

is distributed:

(a) As a standard normal variable, if both samples are independent and less than 30
(b) As a standard normal variable, if both populations are normal
(c) As both (a) and (b) state
(d) As the t-distribution with n1 + n2 - 2 degrees of freedom
MCQ 13.67
If the population proportion equals po, then
(a) As a standard normal variable, if n > 30
(b) As a Poisson variable
(c) As the t-distribution with v= n 1 degrees of freedom
(d) As a distribution with v degrees of freedom

is distributed:

MCQ 13.68
When is known, the hypothesis about population mean is tested by:
(a) t-test
(b) Z-test
(c) 2-test
(d) F-test
MCQ 13.69
Given o = 130,
(a) t

= 150, = 25 and n = 4; what test statistics is appropriate?


(b) Z
(c) 2
(d) F

MCQ 13.70
Given Ho: = o, H1: o, = 0.05 and we reject Ho; the absolute value of the Z-statistic must have equalled
or been beyond what value?
(a) 1.96
(b) 1.65
(c) 2.58
(d) 2.33
MCQ 13.71
If p1 and p2 are not identical, then standard error of the difference of proportions (p1 p2) is:

MCQ 13.72
Under the hypothesis Ho: p1 = p2, the formula for the standard error of the difference between
proportions (p1 p2) is: