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Paper Title
Balancing of Dynamic Rotors with Distributed Unbalance
Authors
Sesha Sainadh S T G
Abstract
The unbalance present in the rotor gives rise to a synchronous unbalance force in the rotor. To minimize or eliminate the effects caused due to this unbalance force, the rotor needs to be balanced. The unbalance of the rotor needs to be estimated and determined well before balancing, for better results. The unbalance is assumed to be distributed over the entire span of the rotor. The unbalance eccentricity curve is assumed to be a polynomial. The geometry of the bent rotor i.e. the eccentricity present in the rotor, determines the amount of unbalance in the rotor. The relation between the inherent eccentricity and the unbalance force response is established and the unbalance distribution is determined from the relation.
Keywords
Distributed Unbalance, Mass eccentricity, Eccentricity polynomials
Citation/Export
MLA
Sesha Sainadh S T G, “Balancing of Dynamic Rotors with Distributed Unbalance”, March 16 Volume 4 Issue 3 , International Journal on Recent and Innovation Trends in Computing and Communication (IJRITCC), ISSN: 2321-8169, PP: 462 - 465
APA
Sesha Sainadh S T G, March 16 Volume 4 Issue 3, “Balancing of Dynamic Rotors with Distributed Unbalance”, International Journal on Recent and Innovation Trends in Computing and Communication (IJRITCC), ISSN: 2321-8169, PP: 462 - 465

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Volume: 4 Issue: 3

ISSN: 2321-8169

462 - 465

_______________________________________________________________________________________

Sesha Sainadh S T G

Department of Mechanical Engineering

SRM University, Chennai

stgsainadh@gmail.com

Abstract The unbalance present in the rotor gives rise to a synchronous unbalance force in the rotor. To minimize or eliminate the effects

caused due to this unbalance force, the rotor needs to be balanced. The unbalance of the rotor needs to be estimated and determined well before

balancing, for better results. The unbalance is assumed to be distributed over the entire span of the rotor. The unbalance eccentricity curve is

assumed to be a polynomial. The geometry of the bent rotor i.e. the eccentricity present in the rotor, determines the amount of unbalance in the

rotor. The relation between the inherent eccentricity and the unbalance force response is established and the unbalance distribution is determined

from the relation.

Keywords- Distributed Unbalance, Mass eccentricity, Eccentricity polynomials

__________________________________________________*****_________________________________________________

I.

INTRODUCTION

systems. Extensive studies have been done on unbalance, but

most of them are based on the discrete or lumped unbalance,

in which the unbalance is estimated to be concentrated at a

specific location. Lumped mass unbalance models are

suitable for thin disks or impellers, but not adequate for long

slender shafts and thick disks. Modelling the distributed

unbalance with equivalent lumped unbalance masses and

balancing the rotor with several correction masses does not

seem to be the best approach. A better approach would be to

identify the distributed unbalance of the shaft before

balancing and correcting the unbalance using a single

correction mass. T. Yang et.al [1] used polynomial curves

for eccentricity distribution with finite element modelling in

the eccentricity identification derivation of shafts. In

industrial rotating machines, not all the nodal locations along

the length of the shaft can be measured by sensors. Most of

the locations are covered by casings or shields due to

structural designs or safety considerations. Sensor signals

can only be acquired at the exposed locations. But, it is

known that the vibration response at each node is influenced

by the unbalance at all the other nodes. The unbalance

message at each node transmits along the rotor and shows its

effects in the vibration response at all other locations.

Theoretically, the unbalance distribution along the shaft can

be uncovered with enough measurement information at a

single node.

II.

ASSUMPTIONS

1.

i.e. Rotational effects are neglected.

2.

discrete linear isotropic bearings

3.

entire span of the rotor.

The shape of cross section, dimensions and material

constants are assumed to be constant over the entire

span of the shaft.

The unbalance distribution is calculated separately in

X-Z plane and Y-Z plane.

4.

5.

III.

Where

,

,

respectively

Figure 1. The Rotor Model

462

_______________________________________________________________________________________

Volume: 4 Issue: 3

ISSN: 2321-8169

462 - 465

_______________________________________________________________________________________

,

,

The nodal displacements and the unbalance forces are

measured related to X-Z and Y-Z planes. The steady state

responses of the lateral vibrations of the shaft with elliptical

orbit are

element in y-z plane are

,

,

rotor is

Where

The above equations can be written in matrix form as

follows

IV.

global coordinate system. The local eccentricity curves are

defined for each of the element and global eccentricity curve is

common throughout the rotor Assuming that the eccentricity

curves are finite, piecewise continuous, and of m-degree

polynomial, the local eccentricity curve for each shaft element

in x-z and y-z planes are respectively expressed with variable

Thus the eccentricity distribution is

=

=

The above matrix is simplified as

on the x-z plane and Y(z)is the projection of the global

eccentricity on the y-z plane

V.

assembling the element equations give the equation for all

the local eccentricity coefficients

Similarly, the values and derivatives of the global

eccentricity curves at the node of the shaft element are

ECCENTRICITY COEFFICIENTS

to be expressed in terms of global coordinates, we require four

boundary conditions. The boundary conditions considered here

are that the eccentricity values and its derivatives of the local

and global eccentricity curve at the nodes of the element are

required to be equal. The four boundary conditions for each of

the element in x-z plane are

=

463

_______________________________________________________________________________________

Volume: 4 Issue: 3

ISSN: 2321-8169

462 - 465

_______________________________________________________________________________________

The above equation can be written as

Where

consists of the values and the derivatives of the

eccentricity at the nodes and

is the coefficient vector

for the global eccentricity curve.

VI.

COEFFICIENTS

The forces due to mass unbalance are modeled with the beam

shape functions by following the normal finite element

procedure. The forces are

This can be written as

is the mass per unit length, is the angular velocity, is

the shape function matrix and

are the local

eccentricity functions.

similarly, for

where

,

is measured from vibration response.

464

_______________________________________________________________________________________

Volume: 4 Issue: 3

ISSN: 2321-8169

462 - 465

_______________________________________________________________________________________

REFERENCES

where

.Thus, the coefficients of global eccentricity curves are

computed and the eccentricity distribution functions

and

.

VII. EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATIONS

Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power, 124:976

983, 2002.)

[2] . Chong Won Lee. Vibration Analysis of Rotors. Springer, first

edition edition, 1993

[3] Singiresu S. rao.

Mechanical Vibrations. Pearson, fourth

edition edition, 2012.K. Elissa, Title of paper if known,

unpublished.

[4] M. B. Deepti Kumar, A. S. Sekhar, and M.R. Srikanthan. Modal

balancing of flexible rotors with distributed unbalance Journal

of Vibration engineering and Technologies, 2(2), 2014

[5] Larry J. Segerlind. Applied Finite Element Analysis. Wiley

India, second edition edition, 2011.

diameter and length 1m between bearing center lines is taken

which is supported by two ball bearings at both ends. The shaft

is coupled to an 0.5Hp electric motor by means of a Jaw

coupling. An accelerometer is mounted on one the pillow blocks

using accelerometer mounting wax. The accelerometer used

here was Kistler ceramic shear tri axial accelerometer with a

sensitivity of 2.5mv/g and frequency range of 1-10000hz. The

three channels of the accelerometer are connected to vibrational

analyzer NI9234. This analyzer NI9234 is mounted on a chassis

(CDAQ 9174) which is connected to the PC. PC equipped with

Lab view (sound and vibrations kit) is used for processing the

vibrational signals. The time vs amplitude Signals received by

the accelerometer are transformed by using an FFT relation and

the frequency vs amplitude signal is displayed on the monitor

screen and the logs are exported. In this experiment Frequency

response of the rotor is determined to be around 147.5 HZ

VIII. CONCLUSIONS

The present study focusses on the procedure of distributed

unbalance in the modal balancing to balance the rotor. With

this method the, unbalance can be estimated even when the

rotor is run at a low speed, much less when compared to

Critical speed. This method can be useful, when the number of

locations to measure, the vibration response is limited.

IX.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

technology, at SRM university. The authors wish to express

their gratitude, for the support given by the Department of

Mechanical Engineering, School of Mechanical Engineering,

SRM University.

465

IJRITCC | March 2016, Available @ http://www.ijritcc.org

_______________________________________________________________________________________

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