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National Earthquake Monitoring

for Tsunami Early Warning

Burin Wechbunthung
Sumalee Prachaub
Seismological Bureau, Thai Meteorological Department

Out line

Seismic Sources
Historical Earthquake
Damage from Earthquake
Seismic Monitoring Network

-Stations,sensors,link,data
processing,analysis,desemination
Capacity of epicenter determination

Maximum Intensity Historical record


~1500 years ago
Northern Part

MM is about

Instrumental Record
1935 Ml 6.5 in Northern Part
1983 Ml 5.9 in Western Part

X in

Development of seismic network in


Thailand

1963-1965 2 WWSSN were set up in Chiangmai and Songkhla


1975-1997 14 Analog Stations (SP 1Hz)
1998-2008
5 Digital Stations (2 SP 3BB)
2006-2008 40 Digital Stations from 2 phase installation

First phase 2004-2006


primary stations consist of
7 (Trillium120),8(Trillium 120),15 (TSA110)
Second Phase 2007-2009
consist of
15 (S-13),10(KS-2000M),25(PA23),1(KS2000BH),2(PA23BH)

Thai National Seismic Monitoring


Network
Primary Stations Phase 1(15 STA) Phase II(25
Sta)
-Seismometer,Accelerometers,Data
Logger,Communication link in real
time(VSAT,IPSTAR,ADSL)
Stand alone Accelerograph stations(26 sta)
2 Bore hole Stations at TMD in Bangkok
Seismic Monitoring Center at Seismological
Bureau,Thai Meteorological Department,
automatic EQ determination software

Backup system
More stations, several transmission data
channels (IP star, ADSL,VSAT)
2 internet providers
2 acquisition servers, 2 Graphic user interface
servers,3 automatic EQ Determination
software(Earlybird,Smartquake,Seiscomp3)
3-4 Fax machines
2 UPS+Diesel Electricity generator

AFTER
2004
Tsunami

ADSL
IPSTAR

TMD Seismic Network


15 Automatic Seismic
stations are operated
at present.
Plus 25 station will
operate in 2008 (Red
Triangles)

ADSL

IPSTAR

ADSL

Velocity Sensors
Data logger

Accelerometer

Srinakarind Dam
Broadband+Stongmotion
Accelerograph

Dam Sites of EGAT

Khaolaem Dam
Short period+SMA

Accelerograph station

Satellite
TMD
Bangkok
Router

Router

Remote
Stations

PHASE I Seismic
Network 15
Stations

Real time monitoring


Analysis software
Seismological Bureau Bangkok

Earthquake Monitoring Diagram


Seismic Stations

Data Exchange

Digital

VSAT,Internet

GEOFON

TMD 24/7

IRIS,LISS

Analysis and Verify Tsunami


(Magnitude, Epicenter, Depth)
e
uak
q
h
art nd
E
t
a
Fel Thail
in

Announce
SMS,
Cralwing text in TV

Mass Media,
AGENCIES

Public

Website

15 Seismic Stations

IPst
ar, A
DSL

In Phase 1

2 NAQ Servers
Data Processing

2 Offline server
ATLAS
Local EQ

15 Sta
30 Seismic stations from
Indonesia,Malaysia,
Australia,Africa,Japan,
Taiwan,Srilanka

EARLYBIRD
AUTOMATIC
DETERMINATION
For Regional Earthquake
realtime

Annoucement

Voice ALARM

Internet
EARTH WORM
Data Processing

Seedlink server IRIS

TMD WEB
LISS SERVER

USERS

Location Map in
Google Earth
Refresh every 2 min

Link Data from other


countries

25 Seismic Stations

IPst
ar, A
DSL

In Phase 2

2 Offline server
SEISPLUS
Local EQ

GEOHUB Servers
Data Processing

15 Seismic Stations
In Phase 1

20 Seismic stations from


Indonesia,Malaysia,
Australia,Africa,Japan,
Taiwan,Srilanka

Q
NA

NK
I
SL

V
ER

I
IR

ER

Voice ALARM

SMARTQUAKE
AUTOMATIC
DETERMINATION
For Regional Earthquake

Phase II

Annoucement

IPst
ar, A
DSL

25 Seismic Stations
In Phase 2

Seedlink Server
Data Processing

15 Seismic Stations
In Phase 1

NA

SL

40 Seismic stations from


Indonesia,Malaysia,
Australia,Africa,Japan,
Taiwan,Srilanka,
Geofon Network

K
IN

E
QS

R
VE

Seedlink Server
Opened Real time data
118.175.19.168

IS
IR
,
n
fo
o
e

Voice ALARM
SEISCOMP 3
AUTOMATIC
DETERMINATION
Annoucement
For Local and
Regional Earthquakes

Regional Earthquakes can be


determined by Thai Seismic
Monitoring Network
Andaman,Sumatra,Indian Ocean (~5-10 Mins)
Southwest Pacific,South China Sea,
Phillipines,Papua New Guinea,Tonga (~5-12
Mins)
Australia,New Zealand (~15-18 Mins)
Neigbouring countries:
Indonesia,Malaysia,Myanmar,Laos
Vietnam, S China,(~3-12 Mins)
North and South America (~20 Mins)

Phase II
25 seismic stations
(10BB,15 SP)
20 Acceleration
stations
2 Borehole stations
4 GPS stations
9 Tide Gauge stations
Project will finish in
2009

PHASE I
SEISMIC STATION 15
STRONG
MOTION 6

PHASE II
SEISMIC STATION 25
STRONG
MOTION 20
GPS STATION 4
BOREHOLE
STATION 2

TIDE GAUGE
STATION 9

Tide Gauge
Station at Ranod
Songkhla

Research work in seismology and


Earthquake Engineering ,Tsunami
Data base compilation of earthquake data and
Tsunami
-Historical data and instrumental data 1900-2002
plus focal mechanism compilation
-Trenching Fault in the northern and western part
-Dynamic response of building response in
Bangkok
-Micro tremor analysis in Bangkok area
-Paleotsunagenic Research in the southern part

Strategy to face with TSUNAMI


More Sharing RT Data and significant
information
Seismic data , Earthquake information,
warning message,Tide Level and Bouy data
More capacity building
By various assistance from organization
:USAID,GFZ,USGS,IOC,IRIS,CEA etc.
More knowledgement
public would know well what and how to do
when natural disaster occurs.

Conclusion
Progress for rapid EQ determination
Ability of sharing EQ data in RT
More cooperation with agencies networks
regarding to EQ and Tsunami
Need more developmet for tsunami early
warning system i.e. tsunami modeling,
inundation, SOP, dissemination etc

THANK YOU