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perhitungan appendix v

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You are on page 1of 3

DOCUMENT NUMBER

0

REV

DATE

07 Oct 2016

Para V. 7 Fixed Roof

The total design external pressure loading, Pr, on the roof is determined by the following equation :

Pr = The greater of DL + (Lr or S) + 0.4 Pe or DL + Pe + 0.4 (Lr or S)

Where,

Pr = Total design external pressure for design of roof, Kpa

DL = Dead load, the weight of the tank component or tank calculated using nominal thickness, Kpa

(Wr+Wacc)

12.632

2

Kg/m

=

= --------------------------------- =

------------ =

20,661

0,20 Kpa

A

611,36

Lr = Minimum roof live load on horizontal projected area of the roof, Kpa

2

=

122,00 Kg/m

1,1967

Kpa

S = Specified snow load, Kpa =

0

Kpa

Pe = Specified external pressure, Kpa =

0

Kpa

Pr = DL + Lr + 0.4 Pe =

1,399

Kpa

Pr = DL + Pe + 0.4 Lr =

0,681

Kpa

Pr =

1,399 Kpa

Para V.7.2.1

The required thickness of the roof plate is determined by the following equations.

tcone = (83*D)/sin * sqrt (Pr/(1.72*E))

=

27,93 mm

The thickness shall not be less than that required by 5.10.5.1

Where,

tcone = Required thickness of roof plate, mm

E = Modulus of elasticity of the roof plate, Mpa =

tr =

206888

(OK)

20,40 mm

Mpa

Para V.7.2.2

The total required cross-sectional area in the cone roof-to-shell joint region for external pressure on

the roof is determined by the following equation.

125 * Pr * D

2

Areqd = ----------------------- =

2042,35 mm

f * tan

Where,

D = Nominal Tank Diameter, =

27,9

m

f = Smallest of the allowable tensile stresses of thr roof plate material ,shell plate material or

stiffener ring material at the maximum operating temperature, Mpa =

400 Mpa

FTr = for Roof plate

400

Mpa

FTs = for Shell plate

400

Mpa

= angle of cone elements to the horizontal

9,46 deg

Para V.7.2.3

The length of cone roof considered to be within the top tension/compression ring region is

determined by the following equation :

PAGES

Para V.7.2.4

The length of shell considered to be within the top tension/compression ring region is determined by the

following equation

Xshell = 13.4 * sqrt (D * ts1)

=

158,268

mm

Where,

ts1 = Nominal thickness of cylindrical shell course 1,2n , mm, Where the subscript numbering is

from top to bottom of the shell =

5

mm

Para V.7.2.5

The required cross-sectional area of the top stiffener structural shape is determined by the following equation :

2

A stiff = Areqd - ts1 * Xshell - tcone* Xcone

=

-524260,67 mm

Provided Top Stiffener (Top Angle )

Material selected :

L 90 x 90 x 10

Properties:

- Section Area, A

- Unit Weight,

- Moment of Inertia, Ix = Iy

=

=

=

2

17 cm

13,3 kg/m

4

125 cm

- Section Modulus, Zx = Zy

19,5 cm

1700 mm

Shell (Para V. 8 of API 650)

Para V.8.1 UNSTIFFENED SHELLS

Shells shall be checked for two conditions : 1) the combined wind plus vacuum, and 2) for specified

external (vacuum) only. Each condition shall be checked using the appropriate stability factor, , as follows :

Condition 1 - Wind plus specified external (vacuum) pressure

=

1

for wind plus vacuum pressure [when vacuum pressure (Pe) is

less than or equal to 0.25 kPa]

= [Pe + 0.7]/0.95

for wind plus vacuum pressure [when vacuum pressure (Pe) is

greater than 0.25 kPa but less than or equal to 0.70 kPa]

= [Pe/0.48]

for wind plus vacuum pressure [when vacuum pressure (Pe) is

greater than 0.70 kPa; however , need not exceed 2.5

Check value :

= [Pe + 0.7]/0.95 =

0,7368

<

Pe =

0 kPa

2,5

(OK)

=

3

Para V.8.1.1

For an unstiffened tank shell subjected to external pressure sufficient to cause buckling, buckling will occur

elastically if the following criterion is satisfied.

(D/tsmin)0.75 [(HTS/D)* (Fy/E)0.5]

0,00675

(D/tsmin)0.75

[(HTS/D)* (Fy/E)0.5] =

(OK)

0,07522

where,

D = Nominal Diameter of Tank,m =

27,6

m

tsmin = Nominal thickness of thicknest shell course, mm =

HTS = Transformed Height of Tank Shell

21,344814

mm

E = Modulus of elasticity of the roof plate material, Mpa

206888 Mpa

250

Mpa

Para V.8.1.2

The design external pressure (using the appropriate from V.8.1) and specified external (vacuum) pressure

(using = 3) shall not exceed for an unstiffened tank

E

Ps or Pe ------------------------------------=

0,77 Kpa

Condition 1

0,52

15203 (HTS/D)*(D/tsmin)2.5

kPa

=

0,19 Kpa

Condition 2

Where,

Ps = Total design External Pressure for design of shell, Kpa =

0,52

Kpa

= the greater of ;

1. Specified design external pressure, Pe, excluding wind pressure =

0,00

Kpa

0,52

Kpa (see 5.2.2 for an important consideration)

2. W + 0.4 Pe

=

Pe = the specified external pressure, kPa =

0

Kpa

W = the maximum wind pressure consistent whith the specified design wind velocity, kPa. The

maximum wind pressure shall be calculated as follows (see 5.9.7.1, Note 2)

2

W = 1.48 (V/190) = 0,5198088 Kpa

Where, V = the specified design wind velocity (3-sec gust), in kph =

113 km/h

Due to Ps not exceed the allowable external pressure, hence shell need not be stiffened

Para V.8.1.3

The nominal thickness of the thinnest shell course required

47.07 ( HTS*Ps)0.4 * D0.6

tsmin ----------------------------------

5,970 mm

Condition 1

10,469 mm

Condition 2

0.4

E

7

mm

The nominal shell thickness is not sufficient. Intermediate Stiffeners are required

Para V.8.2 CIRCUMFERENCIALLY STIFFENED SHELLS

Para V.8.2.1.2

The maximum height of unstiffened shell is Hsafe

(tsmin)2.5 * E

Hsafe =

----------------------

31,767 m

1.5

HTS =

15203 D (Ps)

21,344814 m

<

31,767 m

(OK)

Safe height is greater than the transformed height, so intermediate stiffener are not required

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