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Date: 4th November 2015

Time: 40 minutes
No. of Students: 20 students
Theme: Management and Continuity of Life
Learning Area: The World through Our Senses
Topic: Our Sense of Touch
Learning Objective: Understanding the sense of touch.
Learning Outcome: At the end of the lesson, student should be able to:
1. Identify the structure of the human skin involved in stimuli detection
2. State the function of different receptors pressure, heat, pain
3. Draw conclusion on the sensitivity of the skin at different parts of the body
towards stimuli
Science concept:
The skin is the sensory organ that detects touch. Receptors are the cells in the
body that detect stimuli. Our body has many types of receptors. Each type of
receptor can detect only one type of stimuli. The parts of our body that contain
receptors are called sensory organs. These receptors have nerves attached to
them.
The receptors present in the skin respond to the following stimuli: pain, heat,
cold, touch and pressure. Touch and pressure receptors detect touch. Touch
receptors detect very light touches but pressure receptors detect a heavy touch
or pressure of something pressure on the skin. Heat receptors detect
temperature that is hotter than normal. Cold receptors detect temperature that
is colder than normal. Pain receptors receive stimuli in the forms of extreme
temperature (hot or cold) or pressure. There are fewer pain receptors in our skin.
Skins with fewer pain receptors are less sensitive with pain.
When the receptors in the skin receive a stimulus, messages are sent from the
receptors to bran through nerves. In the brain, these messages are interpreted.
Different parts of the skin have different degrees of sensitivity. The most
sensitive skin part is finger tip. Hence, people who are blind use their finger tip to
recognize Braille. Skin at the arm is not so sensitive. Thus, paramedic injects
vaccine at our arm.
Science process skills:
1. Classifying. Student can compare and contrast the sensitivity of skin on
different part of the body through the classroom activity carry on in the
class.

.
Scientific attitudes/values:
1. Having an interest and curiosity towards the environment
2. Realising that science is the means to understand nature
3. Being thankful to God
4. Being cooperative
5. Thinking rationally
Students prior knowledge: Student has already learnt about sensory organs and
their functions.
Instructional Tools: Video, Power Point slides, toothpicks, rulers, bandages,
adhesive tape, mahjong paper.

Content of the lesson:


STEP (TIME)

CONTENT

TEACHER & STUDENTS


ACTIVITY
Teacher shows a short video about a
guy who showed various kinds of
responses when he was on the beach.
The students are asked to observe the
guy carefully. After watching the
video, students tell the teacher what
the guy sense or feel in different
situations. Then, the teacher asks the
students whether they know what
causes the guy to have such sensations.
Teacher show the anatomy of human
skin structure. Teacher describes more
on the structure of the human skin
Student compare the
shape and
structure of hot, cold, touch, pressure
and pain receptors under the skin

NOTES

INTRODUCTION SET
(+ 5 MINUTES)

Introduction
to
relate
current
topic
with
previous
topic
and
enhance
students interest
about this topic.

STEP 1
(+ 5 MINUTES)

Structure of the
Human Skin

STEP 2
(+ 10 MINUTES)

Functions
Different
Receptors

of

Teacher states the functions of


different receptors of human skin and
explains more about the functions of
different receptors based on the
structure of human skin. Teacher also
describes the pathway from the
stimulus to the brain.
Students listen and ask questions if
there is any information that is not
clear.

Teaching aids:
Power
Point
slides

STEP 3
(+ 15 MINUTES)

The sensitivity of
the skin towards
stimuli
at
different parts of
the body.

Teacher conducts an activity to


investigate the sensitivity of each part
of the body skin towards stimuli. The
apparatus for the activity are rulers,
toothpicks,
adhesive
tape
and
bandages. The students are asked to
form a group of 2 or 3 students. There
will be 8 groups in a total. Each group
will be given a set of apparatus and 1
handout. One student in each group is
asked to cover his/her eyes with the
bandage and other students are asked
to record the data from the activity.
The students in each group will take
their turns to repeat the steps until all
students have tried the activity. After
the data have been collected, the
students are asked to compare their
results from the activity and state
which part of the skin is the most
sensitive.
Teacher pastes the blank structure of
human skin at the white board, then
ask the student to fill the blank with
the correct answer for type of receptors
and explain its functions.
Students give the fill the correct
answer in the blank.

Teaching aids:
Rulers
Toothpicks
Bandages
Adhesive Tape
Handout

STEP 4
(+ 5 MINUTES)

EVALUATION
AND CLOSURE

Teaching aids:
Video

Teaching aids
Power
Point
Slides

Aim:
To investigate
the distribution
of
touch
receptors in the
skin at various
parts of body.

Teaching aid:
Mah-jong paper
Adhesive tape
Aim:
To make sure
students

Teacher summarizes todays lesson


based on the students understanding.

understand with
the content of
lesson.