You are on page 1of 4

IJSRD - International Journal for Scientific Research & Development| Vol.

4, Issue 02, 2016 | ISSN (online): 2321-0613

A Study on Employee Consciousness towards Work - Related Diseases &


Contentment of Precautions with Special Reference to Garment Industry
in Tirupur
Ms.M.Muthumani1 P.Tamilselvan2 V.Thangamani3
1,2,3
Assistant Professor
1,2,3
Department of Management Sciences
1,2,3
Sasurie College of Engineering, Vijayamangalam
Abstract The study deals with employee consciousness
towards work -related diseases &contentment of precautions
with
special reference to garment industry in tirupur The
study was conducted among the workers of Garment
industry, Tirupur. The study focuses on garment industry
because it is one of the main sources of employment in India.
Therefore health care human resources need to be aware of
the risks associated with the occupation in order to manage
the diseases associated with it correctly. Consciousness is
very essential for each and every worker about diseases in
garment industry. The main objective of the study is to find
out the awareness of employees of occupational diseases
among the employees in garment industry. To identify the
safety measures and satisfaction level of employees about
safety measures provided by the company. Descriptive type
of research was used and convenience sampling technique
has been adopted. The primary data was collected through
questionnaire and interview schedule. Secondary data has
been collected from books, internet, journals and practicing
medical professionals. The collected data has been
technically analyses by using Simple percentage analysis,
Chi-square, correlation. With the help of analyzed data
interpretation were made. It was helped the researcher to
know about the awareness level of employees regarding the
occupational diseases. Based on the analysis, the findings
were made. Suggestions have been given, which if it is
implemented, it would help to increases the awareness level
of occupational diseases among the employees in the
garment companies at Tirupur.
Key words: Employee Consciousness, Awareness
I. INTRODUCTION
The garment industry in India is one of the marvellous fields
in the world. A tremendously well-organized sector,
garment manufactures, exporters, suppliers, stockiest and
wholesalers are the gate way to an extremely innovative
clothing and apparel industry in India. Today the garment
exports from India have made inroads into the worldwide
market for their durability, quality and beauty. One of the
reasons for the economical pricing of Indias readymade
garments and apparels is the ease of access of highly skilled,
inexpensive labour in the country.
II. OCCUPATIONAL DISEASE IN GARMENT INDUSTRY
An occupational disease is any chronic ailment that occurs
as a result of work or occupational activity. It is an aspect of
occupational safety and health. An occupational disease is
typically identified when it is shown that it is more rampant
in a given body of workers than in the general population, or
in other worker populations. Occupational hazards that are
of a traumatic nature are not considered to be occupational

diseases. Garment workers may be exposed to dusts


generated from the garment products in various stages
during the manufacturing process. While the spinning,
weaving, and knitting operations involve only limited use of
chemicals, other processes depend on chemicals.
The study focuses on garment industry because it is
one of the main sources of employment in India. Therefore
health care human resources need to be aware of the risks
associated with the occupation in order to manage the
diseases associated with it correctly. Consciousness is very
essential for each and every worker about diseases in
garment industry.
This survey was undertaken to bring awareness of
disease in their occupation among workers. It is also protect
the worker against any health hazard arising out of work or
condition in which it is carried on. It is used to help the
management to create awareness of occupational diseases
and to promote the employees in such a way that there
career goals are achieved. Work plays a central role in
people's lives, since most workers spend at least eight hours
a day in the workplace. Therefore, work environments
should be safe and healthy. Every day workers all over the
world are faced with a multitude of health hazards.
Unfortunately some employers assume little
responsibility for the protection of workers' health and
safety. In fact, some employers do not even know that they
have the moral and often legal responsibility to protect
workers. As a result of the hazards and a lack of attention
given to health and safety, work-related accidents and
diseases are common in all parts of the world. The workers
and employers are to be informed about health and safety
risks in the workplace and an active and effective health and
safety committee that includes both workers and
management. The study can be extended to create awareness
among workers about occupational diseases and protect
them from occupational diseases.
III. OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The study was undertaken in Tirupur among the employees
of the garment industry.
To determine the employees consciousness of workrelated diseases in garment industry, Tirupur.
To understand the awareness level and contentment of
the safety measures provided by the company to
prevent occupational diseases.
To suggest innovative strategies for safety regulators in
garment industry
IV. METHODOLOGY
The study was carried out in Garment industry in Tirupur.
Primary data was collected from the employees of Garment

All rights reserved by www.ijsrd.com

626

A Study on Employee Consciousness towards Work - Related Diseases & Contentment of Precautions with Special Reference to Garment Industry in Tirupur
(IJSRD/Vol. 4/Issue 02/2016/180)

Industry. The Tirupur Garment Industry was divided into 4


regions like east, west, north and south and the sample is
distributed equally. The sample (250) out of population was
selected from different departments like knitting machine
operator, cutting, checking, packing, over lockers, helping,
dyeing, ironing and knitting. Respondents were contacted
personally and smooth rapport was developed with
employees during research period. The information was
collected with employees during rest time, lunch break, on
the way to company and while returning to home. The
interview schedule has been used to collect the data. The
researcher has been used Simple Percentage Analysis, ChiSquare Test and Coefficient of Correlation
V. DISCUSSIONS
Respondents of the study were taken from the employees
working in the garments industry in Tirupur. The profile of
the respondents is given in Table 1 Profile of the Sample
S. No
Gender
No. of Respondents (%)
Male
130(52)
Gender
Female
120(48)
Below 20
58(23)
21-30
142(57)
Age(years)
31-40
36(14)
> 41 years
41(6)
Below SSLC
92(37)
SSLC
92(37)
Education
+2
40(16)
Above +2
26(10)
< 6 month
18(7)
6 month-1year
17(7)
1-2 year
55(22)
Experience
2-3 year
102(41)
> 3 year
58(23)
Table 1: Profile of the Sample
Source: Primary data
It is found that majority of the respondents belong
to the age group 21-30 years. Also is found that the
educational qualification of the most of the respondents is
SSLC or less than that indicating their general awareness
level can be less. Majority of the respondents have been in
the industry between 2 to 3 years.
% of
S.
Occupational Diseases
Respondents
No
Awareness
Cotton dust leads to asthma & lung
1
69
cancer
Working in dyeing unit leads to
2
27
cancer in urinary system
Working for a long time in the same
3
56
environment leads to stress
Working under poor ventilation
4
leads to headaches and watery eye
55
problems
Standing for a long time in one
5
62
place leads to arthritis
Taking proper food on time leads to
6
54
anemia
Working in dyeing unit leads to skin
7
70
allergies
Table 2: Awareness about Occupational Diseases

Majority of respondents are aware that working in


dyeing units lead to skin allergies (70%) and cotton dust
leads to asthma and lung cancer (69%).
S.
Provision of safety
Respondents
No
measures
Awareness (%)
1
Asthma & Lung Cancer
Proper Ventilation
27
Job Rotation
27
Breathing Exercise
12
Source Modification
21
Personally Take Preventive
13
Measures
2
Cancer in Urinary System
Providing Proper Over
21
Coat
Proper Ventilation
40
Job Rotation
14
Conducting Medical Camp
17
3
Stress
Physical Exercise
8
Yoga
36
Recreation Centre
8
Informal Get Together
6
Free Time To Mingle With
42
Others
4
Headache and Watery Eye Problem
Proper Ventilation
22
Relaxation Time
56
Job Rotation
12
Providing Spectacles
4
Refreshment Facility
6
5
Arthritis
Providing Rest Time
44
Job Rotation
28
Physical Exercise
9
Giving Carpet
5
Providing Bruful & Gel
14
6
Skin Allergies
Neat & Clean Work Place
38
Provision of Soap To Wash
22
Providing Gloves
29
Table 3: Awareness about the Safety Measures Provided by
the organization to Prevent Occupational Diseases
Table 3 reveals that many of them are aware that
relaxation time reduces headache and watery eye problem
(56%), yoga reduces stress (36%), rest time reduces arthritis
(44%), clean and neat work place reduces allergies (38%).
However these are common knowledge which will be
known to employees.
Level of Satisfaction about the
S.
Occupational
safety measures (%)
No
Diseases
HS
S
N
D
HD
Asthma & Lung
1
25
56
13
4
2
Cancer
Cancer in Urinary
2
16
61
9
12
2
System
3
Stress
15
58
11
14
3
Headache and
4
Watery Eye
18
31
6
8
27
Problem

All rights reserved by www.ijsrd.com

627

A Study on Employee Consciousness towards Work - Related Diseases & Contentment of Precautions with Special Reference to Garment Industry in Tirupur
(IJSRD/Vol. 4/Issue 02/2016/180)

The table reveals that employees are more satisfied


5
Arthritis
15
36
5
19
25
with the safety measures provided for prevention of asthma
6
Anaemia
14
60
9
13
4
and cancer (81%). On the other hand employees are not
7
Skin Allergies
30
58
5
4
3
satisfied with the safety measures provided for headache &
Table 4: Level of Satisfaction about the Safety Measures
watery eye problem (35%) and arthritis (44%).
Provided by the Company
S.
Degree of
Level of
Calculated
Table
Description
Result
No
freedom
significance
value
value
Nature of Work Awareness about Asthma
4
5%
5.643
9.488
Significant
1
& Cancer in Lungs
Gender and Awareness About Working
No
2
for a Long time in the Same Environment
1
5%
3.89
3.841
significant
Leads to Stress
Table 5: Description
Research also needs to provide protection and
A. Correlation Analysis
treatment for workers who have special susceptibility
The value of the correlation is +0.7176 which is positively
or who have already developed an occupational
correlated with the variables. The results shows that increase
disease.
in provision of safety measures will leads to the increase in
the level of employee satisfaction regarding asthma and
VI. CONCLUSION
cancer in lungs.
Majority of the respondents are aware about the
B. Suggestions
occupational diseases. If the above suggestions are
considered by management and implement to the garment
Workers of all types need education and training as
workers it would make them to aware about occupational
well. Workers should know about potential hazards in
disease.
their workplace and how to avoid injury and disease.
These educational programs should be carried with
REFERENCES
culturally sensitive and linguistically specific methods.
Evaluating the workplace for hazards and potential
Books:
dangers and assessing their level of risk. Then the
[1] Aswathppa (2007),Human Resource Management,
Workplaces and occupations that are the most
Tata McGrawHill, New Delhi, Pg: 492 511.
hazardous should be given highest priority for hazard
[2]
Kapoor. ND (2008), Element of Mercantile Law,
control, training, and clinical services.
Sultan Chand, New Delhi.
Take necessary provision to make employees to
[3] Kothari.C.R (2005),Research Methodology, New Age
participate in the development of health and safety
International Limited, New Delhi.
practices to improve working conditions, and to reduce
[4] Pillai RSN, Bagavathi.V (2003),Statistics, Sultan
the hazards out of occupational diseases.
Chand and Company Limited.
The management should provide conducive work
[5] Sivarethinamohan.R(2010),Industrial Relations and
environment like proper ventilation, good working
labour Welfare, PHI Publication, New Delhi, Pg:336
condition, neat and clean work place and job rotation.
339.
Management can also allow employees to participate
Journals
in yoga, breathing exercise and meditation which helps
to minimize the health hazards.
[6] Alexander, J., Divin-Cosgrove, C., Faner, M.L.,
As safety is the key to prevent employees from
O'Connell, M. (2005 July). Increasing the knowledge
occupational disease, the management should provide
base of asthmatics and their families through asthma
more information regarding safety measures like how
clubs along the southwest border. Journal of American
to use the safety equipments, display preventive
Academy of Nurse Practitioners, 12(7), 260-266.
measures in the notice board inside the company or
[7] Blanc PD, et al (1999), The association between
work place. The management should also follow safety
occupation and asthma in general medical practice.
& hazards policy.
Chest. 1999; 115:1259 1264.
The management should conduct medical camps
[8] Busse, W.W.; Gern, J.E.; and Dick, E.C (1997), The
frequently so as to safeguard the health of its workers.
role of respiratory viruses in asthma. Ciba Foundation
Symposium 206:208-213, 1997.
C. Scope for Further Research
[9] Chest, Paul Leigh(2003),bridges centre for occupational
In addition, research will also:
health and environment issues, March 2003.
Redefine the risk of occupational diseases, taking into
[10] Division of Respiratory Disease Studies, NIOSH.
account exposure times, exposure events, exposure
Work-Related Lung Disease Surveillance Report agents, and the use of personal protective equipment.
1999. US Department Health Human Services, Public
Develop and test new strategies for identifying
Health Service, Centres for Disease Control and
exposure hazards.
Prevention; 1999:155168.
Develop and implement new technologies for
[11] Division of Health Promotion and Disease Prevention,
preventing occupational diseases.
Institute of Medicine. Role of the Primary Care
Physician in Occupational and Environmental

All rights reserved by www.ijsrd.com

628

A Study on Employee Consciousness towards Work - Related Diseases & Contentment of Precautions with Special Reference to Garment Industry in Tirupur
(IJSRD/Vol. 4/Issue 02/2016/180)

Medicine. Washington, DC: National Academy Press;


1988.
[12] Huff J (2002), IARC monographs, industry influence,
and upgrading, downgrading, and under-grading
chemicals: A personal viewpoint. International Journal
of Occupational and Environmental Health, volume 8,
number 3, pages 249-270.
[13] Friedman-Jimenez G, et al. Clinical evaluation,
management, and prevention of work-related asthma.
Am J Ind Med. 2000; 37:121141.
[14] Fletcher, E.C; DeBehunke, R.D; Lovoi, M.S; and
Gorin, A.B (1995) Undiagnosed sleep apnoea in
patients with essential hypertension. Annals of Internal
Medicine 103:190-195, 1995.
[15] Gallivan (2002) and Moore (2002) The ICFAI
university journal of organizational Behaviour, Vol.VII,
No.4, Oct 2008.
[16] Koren, H.S (2007), Environmental risk factors in atopic
asthma. International Archives of Allergy and
Immunology 113:65-68.
[17] Infante P (1995) Cancer and blue-collar workers: Who
cares? New Solutions, volume 5, number 2.
[18] Ng TP, et al (1994), Risks of asthma associated with
occupations in a community casecontrol study. Am J
Ind Med. 1994; 25: 709718.
[19] S. Nasreen1 1International Centre for Diarrhoeal
Disease Research, Bangladesh (ICDDR,B)
[20] National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Morbidity
and Mortality: 1998 Chartbook on Cardiovascular,
Lung and Blood Diseases. Bethesda, MD: National
Institutes of Health, October 1998.
[21] Robinson JC. Trends in racial inequality and exposure
to work-related hazards, 1968-1986. Milbank Q.
1987:65(suppl 2):404420.
[22] Stacciarini and Troccoli B 7 (2004) Occupational stress
& constructive Thinking: health and job satisfaction,
Journal of Nursing, vol.46, No.5, pp 480-487.
[23] Sexton K, Olden K, Johnson BL (1993),"Environmental
justice": the central role of research in establishing a
credible scientific foundation for informed decision
making. Toxicol Ind Health. 1993; 9:685727.
[24] Dr Samuel Epstein (2005) Cancer-gate. How to win the
losing cancer war. Epstein S. ISBN 0-89503-354-2,
Baywood Publishing Company Inc, USA 2005.
[25] Tiwari RR, Pathak MC, Zodpey SP (2003) Low back
pain among textile workers. Indian Journal of
Occupational Environmental Medicine 2003; 7:27-9.

All rights reserved by www.ijsrd.com

629