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THE SYNTHEX

The basic concept of this synthesiser is an instrument capable of 8-note polyphony and able to
memorize sounds created by the programmer for future use as well as those presets supplied with
the instrument.
To achieve fill 8-voice polyphony, essentially 8 monophonic synthesiser circuits are required, as
we can see from this block diagram of the Synthex circuit.

-'-

NOISE
GENER-

MULTIMODE
FILTER

-X

AMPLIFIER

"

OUT

v>
+

--

"-

OSC2

L
FILTER
ENVELOPE

AMPLIFIER
ENVELOPE

--

GLIDEIPORTAM.

KEYBOARD

GATErnIGGER

To store all the parameters necessaw to create a sound more easily and more accurately, all the
control voltages which act on the potentiometers and switches have been turned into digital
information in the Synthex. The Synthex is, therefore, a completely programmable polyphonic
synthesiser with many sophisticated features.
Let us look at each individual function, in principle and practice.

Oscillators

Page l

Noise Generator

Page 4

Low Frequency Oscillator 1

Page 5

Multimode Filter

Page 7-

Envelope Generators

Page l0

Envelope Controls

Page l 2

Tuning

Page l3

Glide/Portamento

Page l4

Joystick (Bend/LF02)

Page l5

Chorus Effect
Output and Volume

Page l 7

Programming Section

Page l8

Keyboard Assign

Page l8

Editing

Page l 9

Sequencer Programming

Page 20

Sequencer Playback

Page 22

Back Panel

Page 23

(External Triggering, Pedal Controls and Cassette Dump)

OSCILLATORS

Octave Select Buttons (16,8,4,2, l).


Transpose Knob (in semi-tones up to 12).
Waveform Select Buttons (Triangle, Sawtooth, Square, Pulse).
Pulse Width Cross-Modulation (from the other Oscillator)
Select Button.
Ring Modulator Circuit Select Button.
Pulse Width Control.
Individual Oscillator Volume Control.
Octave Select Buttons.
Transpose the keyboard up or down in octaves, giving the Synthex a range of 10 octaves.

This shows how the keyboard can cover the whole range of audible frequencies (more than any
other type of instrument, including the piano or organ).

2.

Transpose Knob.
Clockwise rotation of this knob increases the pitch of the oscillator in semi-tones up to 12 (i.e.
one octave; greater transpositions can be effected in conjunction with the Octave Select
Buttons). Using this knob different intervals can quickly be set up between the oscillators.

3. Waveform Select Buttons.


Each of the four buttons select a different waveform. The timbre of each waveform is different,
depending upon the harmonic content.
Triangle Wave contains very few odd harmonics. The volume of the harmonics drops
off very quickly after the fundamental leaving a very pure sound with few overtones.
Sawtooth Wave contains all the harmonics in inverse volume to their number (i.e. the
higher the harmonic the quieter it is).
Square Wave contains all the odd harmonics only.
Pulse Wave has different harmonic contents depending upon the width of the wave
(see 6. Pulse Width Control).

4.

Pulse Width Cross-Modulation Select Button.


This button selects Pulse Wave. The width is controlled by the waveform of the other oscillator
(at whichever audio frequency is selected). This results in a very rapid change in harmonics
which produces an effect similar to the Ring Modulator but with greater control (by use of
Octave Select and Transpose of the other oscillator).

5.

Ring Modulation Select Button.


This digital effect takestwo different signals and combines them to produce a third signal which
has harmonics which are the sum and the difference of the harmonics in the input signals.
This modulation can be used to produce metallic, jagged sounds and also bell sounds,
depending upon which Waveforms, Octaves and Transpositions are selected.

6.

Pulse Width Knob.


In conjunction with the Pulse Wave, this knob allows you to change the width of the pulse from
0% to 100%. At these two extremes there is no signal (nothing can be heard): at 50% the wave is
a square wave. In between, the variation of pulse width symmetrically increases the high
harmonic content towards the extremes and reduces the fundamental and low harmonic
content.

0% (same as 100%) No sound.

L
L

10% (same as 90%) Weak fundamental, lots of high harmonics.


20% (same as 80%) Stronger fundamental, less high harmonics.

n
n
n

30% (same as 70%) Stronger fundamental, less high harmonics.


50% (square wave) Full fundamental, only even harmonics.

85% (same as 15%) Weak fundamental, lots of high harmonics.

100% (same as 0%) No sound.

Pulse Width can also be controlled automatically by the other oscillator (at high speed - see
Pulse Width Cross-Modulation Select Button 4.) or by the Low Frequency Oscillator (slowly see Low Frequency Oscillator Routing Buttons PW1 and PW2 - LFO Section 5.). The second
effect, if carefully set up, produces a very rich sound and is particularly useful in creating
orchestral textures.

7.

Volume Knob.
The volume control allows the individial audio signal of each oscillatorto be set before they are
put through the Filter.

1. Noise Type Select Buttons (White/Pink).


2. Volume Knob.

1.

Noise Type Select Buttons


Allows you to select either White or Pink Noise to be added to the Oscillators in the Mix going to
the Filter Input.
White Noise contains all the audible frequencies at equal volume.
Pink Noise contains all the audible frequencies at equal energy, i.e. as the frequency increases
the volume drops proportionally as Energy = Frequency X Amplitude (Volume).

2.

Volume Knob.
This controls the level of the selected noise signal which is mixed with the Oscillators before the
Filter Input.

LOW FREQUENCY OSCILLATOR l .

Frequency Knob.
D e ~ t Knobs.
h
waveform Select Buttons (Triangle, Rising and Falling Ramp, Square Wave).
Delay Control Knob.
Routing Select Buttons (to Oscillator Pitch or Pulse Width (A) and Filter or Amplifier (B).).
This Oscillator produces a sub-audio frequency which can be used to modulate the audio
oscillators, the filter or the amplifier in various ways.
Frequency Knob.
Controls the speed of the modulation effect. Clockwise rotation of the knob 'increases the
frequency generated from 0.02 Hz. to 20 Hz. Conventional modulation of pitch (vibrato) tends to
use a fairly fast modulation whereas typical pulse width modulation uses a fairly slow change.
Depth Controls.
Regulate the different amounts of modulation to routings A and B. The depth of modulation
controls the subtlety of the effect produced. The fact that there is a different amount available to
routings A and B on the Synthex means that complex combinations of different modulations
can be achieved simultaneouslv.

3. Waveform Select Buttons.

v/

Triangle Wave provides an even regular modulation (for vibrato and tremolo effects).
Falling Ramp provides a regular sharp edge modulation (for repeated triggering
effects).

Rising Ramp provides a "backward" shaped regular modulation.

Square Wave provides two distinct levels which alternate regularly (for trills etc.).

4. Delay Control Knob.


This control allows the effect of LFO1 (whatever it is) to be delayed upon the playing of the first
note until the time amount set on this knob, at which point the modulation is gradually
introduced. Clockwise rotation increases the delay time for 1ms to 30 seconds.
If Delay Control is set above value 1 the first note also restarts the selected waveform (3) below value 1 there is no restart.

5. Routing Select Buttons.


Using these buttons the modulation set up on Depth A can be routed simultaneously to the
pitch and/or pulse width of either or both oscillators and that on Depth B can modulate the filter
and/or the amplifier. (Note that to control the pulse width, Pulse Wave or PWM on the relevant
oscillator must be selected.)

MULTIMODE FILTER

Filter Cut-Off Frequency Knob (Manual).


Resonance Amount Knob.
Envelope Amount Knob.
~ e ~ b o aTracking
rd
Amount Knob.
Mode of Filter Operation Select Buttons (Low Pass, two types of Band Pass, High Pass, Positive
or Negative Envelope Effect).
The filter is a circuit designed to control the harmonic content of the audio signal by increasing
or decreasing frequency bands in the oscillator/noise outputs.

Filter Cut-Off Frequency Control Knob.


The Cut-Off is the point at which the filter begins operating. Above or below the audio
frequency (depending upon the filter type - see 5.) at which it is set, the sounds coming
through are increasingly attenuated the further from the cut-off point they are. Clockwise
rotation of the knob makes the Cut-Off Frequency higher.

Resonance Amount Knob.


Resonance acts only at the filter cut-off point. The effect amplifies the frequencies around the
cut-off point. Clockwise rotation increases the intensity of the effect up to the point (7 on the
knob) where the filter goes into independent oscillation producing an audible frequency
(similar to feedback). Selecting LP and turning the oscillator volume off it is possible to use just
this effect, which is a sine wave oscillation (
).This knob is sometimes called 'Emphasis'
or 'Q' on other synthesisers.

3. Envelope Amount Knob.


This control governs the amount of automatic cut-off shift by the filter envelope from the
position manually set by Knob 1. in this section.

4.

Keyboard Tracking Amount Knob.


This allows the filter frequency to be controlled to a greater or lesser amount by the pitch of the
keyboard. On full (clockwise), this means the cut-off point :noves in sync with the note being
played ensuring that each note has exactly the same tonal quality.

5. Mode of Filter Operation Select Buttons.

C-.RESONANCE Q

L
)

Db

i)

LOW pass.

cut-off
point

The frequencies above the cut-off


point are attenuated at a rate of
24dbloctave. All the frequencies
below the cut-off point are let
through at full volume (hence the
term Low Pass).

ii)

'\

S'

HZ

1
7

1st Band Pass Filter.


The frequencies above and below Db4
the cut-off point are both attenuated at a rate of Gdbloctave,
allowing a band around the cut-off
point through (hence the term
Band Pass). A band pass filter can
be thought of as the combination
of high pass and low pass (see
diagrams).

2nd Band Pass Filter.


Db
The frequencies above and below
the cut-off point are both attenuated at the greater rate of 12db/
octave, which allows a narrower
band than BP1 through.

'\

HZ

iii)

,--\

/'

.-,

*
Hz

iv)

v)

HPI~
pass.
The frequencies below the cut-off
point are attenuated at a rate of
12dbloctave. The frequencies
above the cut-off point pass
through at full volume (hence the
term High Pass).

,-,,Resonance Q

Db
e'

X,

I ENV +lI When this switch is on, the automaticcut-off shift set by Knob 3 closes the filter
rather than opening it.

ENVELOPE GENERATORS

There are t w o envelope generators per voice on the Synthex. One controls the automatic shift of
cut-off frequency of the filter (see Knob 3. in the last section). The other controls the amplifier
volume, from the moment the keyboard is struckonwards.
Both envelopes are of the full ADSR type and are entirely independent. The four controls govern
four separate parameters in the following manner:

Q)

U
3
+

.-

'r
Key struck

AlTACK

DECAY

SUSTAIN

b
TEMPO

Key released

1. Attack.
This knob controls the time the envelope takes to reach the full level. Clockwise rotation
increases the length of time taken from 1ms to 10 seconds.

2.

Decay.
This knob controls the time taken for the envelope to drop from full to zero (if not interrupted by
the sustain level). Clockwise rotation increases the length of time from 1ms to 10 seconds.

3.

Sustain.
This knob controls the level at which the decay is interrupted while the keyboard is being held.
Clockwise rotation increases this level from 0 to 100% of the full level. If sustain is on full, then
the decay control becomes redundant.

4.

Release.
This knob controls the time taken for the envelope to drop from the sustain level to zero.
Clockwise rotation increases the time taken from 1ms to 10 seconds.

In order to understand how the envelopes take their instruction from the keyboard we must explain
the terms 'Trigger' and 'Gate'.

i) Trigger.
This is a brief pulse which causes the envelopes to open, i.e. the attack to start.

ii) Gate.
This is the length of time which the keyboard note is held down and is communicated to the
envelopes by keeping the trigger pulse going until the key is released.

The attack is initiated by the beginning of the trigger pulse. As long as the gate is still on during the
programmed attack time, then the envelope opens and enters the decay phase. As long as the gate
is still o n the sustain maintains the envelope open at the programmed level until the gate goes off
(when the key is released) at which point the release takes over.

ENVELOPE CONTROLS
These are two controls which override the envelope knobs.

1.

Hold.
Keeps the gate permanently open, keeping the envelopes at the sustain !evel. This means that
you can keep up t o an eight note chord permanently held on the Synthex. The sustain lasts until
the 'Hold' is switched off.

2.

Release.

If this switch is off then the release controls on the envelopes do not function and the envelopes
are reduced to zero as soon as the keyboard note is released. This switch must be on to allow
the release controls to function.
Both of these controls can be operated by a footswitch through the inputs on the back panel.

TUNING

Master Tune.
This allows you t o tune the entire Synthex t o your fellow musicians. In the centre (0)the tuning
is exactly A440 Hz, thanks t o the digital nature of the Synthex. Master tune is not memorised.

De-Tune.
This gives y o u the ability t o set up precise de-tunings between the t w o oscillators ( u p t o a
quarter tone). This allows a richer sound t o be created, setting u p 'beats' or full de-tunings (for
honky-tonk piano type sounds) and, unlike analogue synths, the precise de-tuning can be
memorised abd reliably recalled.

Oscillator 2 Sync. Button.


Forces oscillator 2 t o start a new cycle whenever oscillator 1 does. This means that oscillator 2
can only play harmonics of oscillator 1. Particularly interesting effects can be obtained b y using
Glide o n oscillator 2 (see next section).

1. Oscillator 1 and 2 Assign Buttons.


These route the glide or portamento which has been set up to one or other of the oscillators.
2.

Glide Select Button.


Routes the amount set on Knob 5. to the oscillators selected on buttons (1).

3.

Portamento Select Button.


Causes whichever oscillators are selected to move smoothly through all the frequencies
between the last note played and the new one at the speed set on knob 4.

4.

Speed Control.
Sets the rate at which the glide/portamento effect takes place.

5. Glide Amount Control.


The positioning of this knob sets the interval from which the pitch glides to the actual note
played. If the knob is left of centre this is below the actual note played, to the right above it. The
1-1
semi-tones. The effect is the same whatever note is played and whenever.
range is
In contrast, portarnento. depends on the last note played. Both effects are, however, fully
polyphonic.

JOYSTICK (BEND/LFOZ)

This section of the Synthex allows 'real time' modulation of the programmes, i.e. during
performance. The modulation is triangle wave only.

2.

LF02 Sliders.
These allow coarse (Init. Freq.) and fine (Delta Freq.) adjustment of the second Low Frequency
Oscillator which can be used to modulate oscillator pitch (vibrato) or filter frequency (wahwah). LF02 is introduced by lateral (sideways) movement of the joystick. To the left routes i t to
the oscillator pitch, right to the filter cut-off frequency.

3.

To Oscillator Sliders.
These set the amount of modulation from LF02 (when the joystick is pushed to the left) - the
left slider -and the amount of pitch bend (when the joystick is pushed up or down) -the right
slider. Up increases the pitch (to a maximum of 7 semi-tones) down lowers it by the same
amount.

4. To Filter Sliders.
These set the amount of modulation from LF02 (when the joystick is pushed to the right) -the
left slider -and the amount of cut-off frequency shift (when the joystick is pushed up or down)
-the right slider. Up opens the filter, down closes it.

5. Upper/Both/Lower Select Switch.


This switch allows the joystick to control just the upper or lower voices or both (see Split1
Double Modes in the programmer section).
All the controls in this section are not remembered in the preset or memory programmes, as
they are intended for performance controls. Any effects that are required to be memorised
should be set up on LFOI.

CHORUS EFFECT
There are three chorus amounts available on the Synthex.
1.

The first adds a slightly delayed element of the original signal and the interference that this
creates gives the effect of a slow Leslie.

2.

The second adds two elements of different length delays to the original. The effect produced
gives the feel of a large acoustic, adding a choral texture.

3. The third also adds two elements of different length delays but with varied frequency. This
gives a 'bowed' effect and is particularly useful for string sounds.

OUTPUT AND VOLUME

This section is the final stage before the signal comes out of the Synthex into the amplification.
These controls are not memorised in programmes.

1.

MonoKtereo Selector Switch.


In mono position, all the voices come out of both outputs (upper and lower). In the stereo
position, the voices are split. In normal mode, 4 are randomly assigned each to upper and
lower. In split and double, the lower programme voices come out of the lower output and the
upper programme voices from the upper output.

LOWER OUT

UPPER OUT

KEYBOARD

UPPER OUT

LOWER OUT

UPPER OUT

MONO
WITH
NORMAL/SPLIT/DOUBLE

2.

LOWER OUT

STEREO
WITH
SPLIT

STEREO
WITH
DOUBLE

The balance knob works like a panning control for the lower and upper voices in split/double.
Turning clockwise increases the volume of the upper output, anti-clockwise that of the lower
output. It is thus possible to obtain the optimum balance between two sounds.

3. Master controls the overall volume of the Synthex.

PROGRAMMING SECTION

The Synthex has 40 memory programmes and 40 preset programmes. The programmes are
selected for either by pressing one of four bank and one of ten programme numbers (see 1).
Whether the number relates to a preset or memory is selected by the (2) buttons.
The panel (all controls 'live') is selected by button (3).
Writing a sound into a memory is achieved using the 'Write' button (4). If this sound is set up on the
panel, then simply choose the memory location (by selecting bank and programme numbers) and
then hold down 'Write' until the L.E.D. completes its flashing cycle. The sound has then been
recorded (erasing the previous sound). However, this only works when the 'Write Enable' switch on
the back is in the 'on' position. If you wish to protect your memories you should always keep it 'off'
unless actually writing sounds into the memories.
If the sound you wish to memorise is an edited version of a preset or a memory (you can always edit
the sounds stored), then you need to use the 'save buffer'. This is called up by pressing 'Memory'
button (2). The sound you edited is now temporarily saved. Now you can either select a different
memory location or leave the same one, then press 'Write', allowing the flashing L.E.D. cycle to
complete. The edited sound is now stored.
The other functions of these four buttons (5) are for the Cassette Interface Functions (see the
appropriate section).
The first button (6) selects Split Function. This divides the keyboard into two, with the sound
selected when Lower is lit on the bottom half of the keyboard, and the sound selected when Upper
is lit o n the top half of the keyboard. The split point is programmable and can be changed by
pressing the appropriate key whilst holding down the Split button (when the Synthex is turned on
the Split point is the third C up the keyboard).

The second button (6)selects Double Function. This assigns two sounds (i.e. two voices) to each
note on the keyboard. This makes the keyboard four-note polyphonic.
Buttons (7) LowerIUpper allow the assignment of either 40 presets, 40 memories or panel, to the
lower and upper bank respectively when the Synthex is in either Split or Double Mode. If Lower is lit
then all editing on the panel as well as changing programmes will only affect the lower bank.
Similarly for Upper controlling the upper bank. If a button L.E.D. is already lit, then pressing it again
will allow you t o hear just that bank on its own. When this is happening, the L.E.D. flashes. To hear
the other bank on its own press the other button. This is useful in double to edit a programme
without hearing the other. To hear both banks again press the flashing button again.

SEQUENCER PROGRAMMING

The sequencer can be programmed in two modes: Pulse (or Step) Time and Real Time. Real Time
simply means that in replay the sequence of notes originally played is faithfully reproduced. In Step
Time, the music is broken down into a series of events (steps) and a note, rest, or tied over note is
assigned to each one.
There are 4 channels available which means that 4-voice polyphony is possible. The sequences
must be programmed monophonically but can be played back together in sync. Each sequence can
be independently programmed in either Real or Pulse Time.

Pulse Time.
This is selected by pushing the 'Write' button and then the number of the sequence you wish to
write (normally beginning with 1). The two buttons pressed will light and the sequencer is now
waiting to record the notes you play. Simply play the notes required in order on the keyboard. Each
note will be assigned to the next step in the sequence (up to 128). To leave a gap, i.e. insert a rest,
simply press the Beats Rests button once. It will light as you do, registering one space. Longer rests
can be programmed by repeated pressing of this button. Notes longer than one step can be
programmed b y holding down the note whilst pressing the Beats Rests button. Do not forget that
playing the note counts as one step, i.e. for a note to last 4 steps, play the note and then the Beats
Rest button 3 times.
As the sequencer is programmed monophonically, it is possible to programme 'legato'or 'staccato'
phrasing. Holding down the last note while you play the next one gives 'legato' phrasing, i.e. there
is no re-trigger on the envelopes, often referred to as single triggering. Releasing the note before
playing a new one gives 'staccato' phrasing, i.e. a re-trigger of the envelopes on the new note,
known as multiple triggering. As this is done by the playing, each note can be assigned 'staccato'or
'legato' phrasing.

If you play more than 128 notes or rests then you will use up the available memory space and the
'Write' light will go out to show that further programming is not possible. Note, however, that Beats
o r Rests held over, i.e. longer notes or spaces, do not use up new memory space as the pitch or gap
information does not change.
When you have finished writing a sequence line, press 'Write'again (if it is still lit) and the L.E.D. will
go out. You can repeat the process with the next line by pressing 'Write'and then button 2 (or any of
the others).
Any mistakes you make can be corrected by pressing the 'Delete' button one or more times and
then playing the correct version. You will hear the note or see the space button flash as you delete.
Be careful; as delete works not just on the last event but the last note or space, so if you put one beat
or rest too many on a note or space, you will delete the entire note or space and you will have t o
programme the complete event (over several steps) once again.

Real Time.
Real Time is selected by pressing 'Write', then the sequence to be programmed and then pressing
the 'Ready' button. When you begin to play the keyboard the notes you play are analysed and
recorded as you play them. Depending upon how fast or slow you play, you can set the resolution of
the analysis to cope with this, using the Frequency knob. Turning this clockwise increases the
resolution, allowing you to play faster. (When you begin play, the L.E.D. in the sequence button will
flash to show you the speed of the resolution.) You cannot play faster than this indicated speed or
notes will be missed. However, by careful adjustment you can use this function as an Auto-Correct
facility which will make the timing more precise. Simply set the Frequency to the fastest note value
and small timing errors will be corrected.
In Real Time programming, 'legato' and 'staccato' functions can be programmed as before but
spaces (Rests) are entered simply by not playing, unless you want the sequence to begin with a
Rest. In this case, simply press the Beats Rests button which will start the analysis beginning with
the length of the space before you begin playing. This is particularly useful when 'overdubbing'
second, third and fourth lines.
In Real Time programming, it is possible to listen to other sequence lines already recorded (in either
Pulse or Real Time) whilst putting in the new line (in a similar manner to overdubbing with a
multi-track recorder). To do this, follow the above procedure to select the line you wish to write.
Once you have pressed the Ready button you can then press the buttons for the other sequence
lines you wish to hear whilst playing. Then when you play either the first note of your sequence or
press the Beats Rests button (if you want to come in after the other lines) then those lines selected
after the Ready button was pressed will be played back.
It is also possible to complete a sequence started in Pulse Time, in Real Time, by simply pressing
Ready half-way through. The L.E.D. will begin to blink and the analysis of your playing will begin.

SEOUENCER PLAYBACK
Once you have written your sequence, if you press 'Ready', the sequence is ready to play back. By
pressing other sequence buttons, up to all 4can be played backsimultaneously in sync. The buttons
lit determine which sequences are played back.
The simplest way to begin playback is to hit the bottom note on the keyboard which will run the
sequence in the original key at the speed set on the Frequency knob. Clockwise movement of the
Frequency knob will speed up playback. However, full transposition facilities are available.

Transposing.
Playing higher notes than the bottom C will transpose the sequence up by the interval between thenote played and bottom C. Up to the entire keyboard (5 octaves) can be used for this purpose and
the intervals available are set up by holding down the Split button on the left hand panel (not the
one o n the main panel) and then pressing the desired note. The keyboard below this is then given
over to controlling the start and transpose of the sequencer, whereas above this note allows the
keyboard to be played in the normal way. This split is set at 1 octave from the bottom C when the
Synthex is powered up.
Of course, this method does not work for transposing down. However, this is possible by usiqg the
'Key Set' button. Whilst holding this, pressing any key will set the sequence playing in the original
key and transpositions down as well as up can be effected over intervals around this reference key.
By holding down Key Set, this can be changed at any time.

Gate.
This knob allows the sequencer to imitate the amount of time the finger would be held on the
keyboard. The longer the gate time (turn knob clockwise) the longer the sustain levels set on the
envelopes are held.

Assigning Voices.
It is possible t o assign 2 different sounds to the 4 sequences. In double mode, the two different
sounds on the programmer will be played by each line (if 4 sequence lines are being played, all 8 of
the available voices will be used, so the keyboard will not be operative as there are rio voices left).
In 'Split' i t is possible to assign each of the different sounds to individual lines. Normally, all 4 are
assigned to the Lower Voice (leaving the Upper Voice to be played on the keyboard). To change this,
press the required sequences whilst holding down the Upper button on the programmer. This will
cause the sequences chosen to play using the Upper sound set up on the programmer. To change
any back, simply repeat the procedure with the Lower Button on the programmer.

It is also possible to assign both sounds pressing the required sequences, whilst holding down the
Upper and Lower buttons together. Every new assignment is retained until the power is turned off.

External Triggering.
The sequencer can be externally triggered to be controlled by a drum machine or click track, or can
give out the necessary trigger to control other equipment. To do the latter, simply take the signal
out of the Sync Out socket on the back panel with a standard jack-plug.
To control the sequencer by an external signal, route the signal in (again with a standard jack-plug)
t o the Sync In socket and switch the nearby switch to Ext. On the sequencer panel turn the Gate to
zero (this is also externally controlled) and the Frequency to between one and two. Hit the starting
key just before the beat (pulse) on which you wish the sequence to run and the sequencer will latch
on to the incoming pulse. Careful adjustment of the Frequency knob allows the sequence to be run
twice, three or four times as fast as the incoming signal (and more as you turn the knob clockwise).

N.B.

When an incoming signal is not supplied thesequence runs at the Frequency set on the knob.

Pedal Controls.
Footswitches: There are four functions which can be controlled by the standard latching push-tomake, push-to-break, footswitch. All only work on the programme shown on the panel (in Normal,
Split or Double modes).
Programme Advance:

Moves the programme number on the programmer


along one.

Glide:

Brings inltakes out whatever effect is set up on the


GlideIPortamento section.

Hold:

Turns onloff the Hold switch in the Envelope


Controls section.

Release:

Turns onloff the Release switch in the Envelope


Controls section.

Footpedal: This can be used to alter the filter cut-off frequency (overriding the Frequency knob in
the Filter section) on either the upper, lower or both programmes (depending upon how the nearby
switch is set.

Cassette Dump.
This allows both sound and sequencer programmes to be stored on tape. (Instructions on the use of
the facility are explained step by step on the accompanying cassette together with sample
memories and sequences to load in.)

To turn the interface on, flick the switch on the Back Panel. All the L.E.D.'s will go out except for the4
bank lights and the 4 sequence lights. Decide which banks or sequences you wish to transfer and
turn the other L.E.D.'s off. If loading on to tape you will need to take the signal from the Out mini-jack
socket on the back panel to the Line-In on your cassette recorder. When you have labelled your
information and set the tape to record, press the 'Save' button ('Memory' in normal usage). The
L.E.D.'s you selected will go and then blink one after the other as the information goes out. When
the process is finished they will all come back on again. To load information back in, you need to
take a 5v signal from your cassette recorder, into the 'From Cass' mini-jack socket on the back.
Before you start the tape, press the 'Load' switch w writ^' in normal usage). As the information is
loaded back in, the L.E.D.'s should blink on and off in succession. If they do not, check your
connections and the level of the signal. It is possible to check that the information has loaded
correctly by replaying the tape in after having pressed 'Verify'. The information coming in is
compared with that already loaded and L.E.D.'s light in the normal way ifthe information is correct.
Sequences are dumped and loaded in individual lines and memories in banks of 10.

SYNTHEX PRESETS

Programme

Bank l

Bank i

Chunky Synth

Double basses

Wah brass
Fat Sound

Cellos
Violins
Church organ

Metallic
Pan flutes

Metallic piano
Pianet
Funky Clav.
Clavichord l
Clavichord ll

Sweep 1
Sweep 2
Ta ke-off
Landing

Clavinet

Chorale

Electronic organ
High pass sweep

Wash of sound
Fast decay

Electric piano I

Ring mod.

Brass l

Filtered brass

Electric piano II

Phased sweep

Brass II

Filtered chorus

Chimes

Bass pluck

Brass Ill

Filtered strings

Vibes

Whistle

Tremolo piano

Reed organ

SYNTHEX MEMORIES (available on cassette)

Harsh lead
Solo Violin

Plink

Electric Piano

Wah Ring Mod.

Oriental Fourths

Bass Guitar

Metallic Clavinet

Wood Blocks (use


with sequencer)

Harsh Clavinet

Sync. 3

Bass Drum - tom-toms

Marimba

Echo

Glide Strings

Harp

Double Bass Nylon Guitar

Hammond 1
(John Lord)

Hammond 3
(Brooker T)
Plucked brass

Sync. 1

Phased Choir
Brash Brass
Brushed Cymbals

Snare Drum
Distant Strings
Watery Grave

Deep. Sync.
Mini Moog Bass
Mini Moog Lead

Hammond 2 (Emerson)

High Portamento

Steel Drums

Cathedral choir
Sync. Harmonic
Sweep
Filtered Choir

Sync. 2
De-tuned pipe
organ
Normal Clavinet

Filtered brass