, , 570011
KVS Zonal Institute of Education and Training
GITB Press Campus, Siddartha Nagar, Mysore
Website: www.zietmysore.org,
Email: kvszietmysore@gmail.com/zietmysore@rediffmail.com
Phone: 0821 2470345
KENDRIYA VIDYLAYA SANGTHAN
NEW DELHI
ZONAL MINSTITUTE OF EDUCATION AND
TRAININGMYSORE
DIRECTOR
Mr.S Selvaraj
DEPUTY COMMISSIONER
COURSE DIRECTOR
Mrs.V. Meenakshi
ASSISTANT COMMISSIONER
KVS ERNAKULUM REGION
OUR PATRONS
FOREWORD
Excellence and perfection has always been the hallmark of KendriyaVidyalayaSangathan in
all its activities. In academics, year after year, KVS has been showing improved performance
in CBSE Examinations, thanks to the consistent and committed efforts of the loyal KVS
employees, the teachers, Principals and officials collectively. Every year begins with a new
strategic academic planning, carefully calibrated to achieve the targeted results. In line with
the holistic plan of KVS, ZIET Mysore took the initiative to organize a 3day Strategic
Action Plan Workshop from 15th to 17th July, 2014, in the subjects of Physics, Chemistry,
Mathematics, Biology and Economics to produce Support Materials for students as well as
teachers so that the teaching and learning process is significantly strengthened and made
effective and efficient.
For the purpose of the Workshop, each of the four Regions namely Bengaluru, Chennai,
Ernakulam and Hyderabad was requested to sponsor two highly competent and resourceful
Postgraduate Teachers in each of the above mentioned subjects. Further, in order to guide
and monitor their work, five Principals with the respective subject background were invited
to function as Associate Course Directors:
1. Mr. E. Krishna Murthy, K.V. NFC Nagar, (Mathematics)
2. Mr. M. Krishna Mohan, KV CRPF Hyderabad(Economics)
3. Mr. R. Sankar, KV No.2 Uppal, Hyderabad (Biology)
4. Dr. (Mrs.) S. Nalayini, K.V. Kanjikode (Physics)
5. Mr. T. Prabhudas, K.V. Malleswaram (Chemistry)
In addition to the above, Mrs. V. Meenakshi, Assistant Commissioner, KVS, Regional
Office, Ernakulam willingly agreed to support our endeavor in the capacity of the Course
Director to oversee the workshop activities.
The Workshop was aimed at creating such support materials that both the teachers and the
students could rely upon them for complementing the efforts of each other to come out with
flying colours in the CBSE Examinations. Accordingly, it was decided that the components
of the package for each subject would be:
(1) Chapterwise concept Map.
(2) Three levels of topicwise questions.
(3) Tips and Techniques for teaching/learning each chapter.
(4) Students common errors, unattempted questions and their remediation.
(5) Reviewed Support Materials of the previous year.
In order to ensure that the participants come wellprepared for the Workshop, the
topics/chapters were distributed among them well in advance. During the Workshop the
materials prepared by each participant were thoroughly reviewed by their coparticipantS and
necessary rectification of deficiencies was carried out then and there, followed by
consolidation of all the materials into comprehensive study package.
Since, so many brilliant minds have worked together in the making of this study package, it is
hoped that every user be it a teacher or a student will find it extremely useful and get
greatly benefitted by it.
I am deeply indebted to the Course Director, Smt. V. Meenakshi, the Associate Course
Directors viz., Mr. E. Krishna Murthy, Mr.M. Krishna Mohan, Mr. R. Sankar, Dr.(Mrs.) S.
Nalayani and Mr. T. Prabhudas and also all participants for their significant contribution for
making the workshop highly successful, achieving the desired goal. I am also greatly
thankful to Mr. M. Reddenna, PGT [Geog](Course Coordinator) and Mr. V.L. Vernekar,
Librarian and other staff members of ZIET Mysore for extending their valuable support for
the success of the Workshop.
Mysore
( S. SELVARAJ )
17.07.2014
DIRECTOR
E KRISHNA MURTHY
Associate Director and Principal
Kendriya Vidyalaya, NFC Nagar,
Hyderabad Region
KVSZIETMYSORE
03day Workshop on Strategic Action Plan 1517.07.14  Details for Contact
Sl No
1
2
3
Name in English
Mrs. V. Meenakshi
Mr. E. Krishna Murthy
Mr. T. Prabhudas
Design.
Asstt.Commr.
Principal
Principal
K.V in English
Regional Office
NFC Nagar,Ghatkesar
Malleswaram
Region
Ernakulam
Hyderabad
Bangalore
Phone No.
9496146333
9989063749
8762665990
Email Address
minakviswa@gmil.com
krishnamurthykvs@gmail.com
t.prabhudas@rediffmail.com
4
5
6
7
8
9
Dr(Mrs.) S. Nalayini
Mr. M. Krishna Mohan
Mr. R. Sankar
Mr. E.N. Kannan
Mr. D.B. Patnaik
Mr. K.S.V. Someswara Rao
Principal
Principal
Principal
PGT(Phy)
PGT(Bio)
PGT(Phy)
Kanjikode
CRPF Hyderabad
No.2 Uppal
BEML Nagar
Railway Colony
MEG & Centre
Ernakulam
Hyderabad
Hyderabad
Bangalore
Bangalore
Bangalore
9446361186
9440865761
9491073600
8762208431
8971240593
9448708790
dr.s.nalayini@gmail.com
mohanmk58@yahoo.co.in
ramisettysankar@gmail.com
kannaen2007@yahoo.com
dabbirubharath@gmail.com
ksvsrao64@yahoo.com/ksvsrao@gmail.com
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
PGT(Maths)
PGT(Maths)
PGT(Chem)
PGT(Chem)
PGT(Bio)
PGT(Eco)
PGT(Eco)
Bangalore
Bangalore
Bangalore
Bangalore
Bangalore
Bangalore
Bangalore
8951648275
9448626331
8970720895
7899287264
9448120612
9740398644
8762691800
krishnadasdwd@gmail.com
gnhegde130@gmail.com
kumar.v.vivek@gmail.com
androjula@gmail.com
vgayatri3@gmail.com
ramireddy_dondeti@yahoo.co.in
t.msushma@gmail.com
17
18
19
20
21
22
PGT(Maths)
PGT(Chem)
PGT(Phy)
PGT(Maths)
PGT(Chem)
PGT(Eco)
Mysore
IS Grounds, Chennai
AFS Avadi, Chennai
Gill Nagar
DGQA Complex
Minambakkam
Bangalore
Chennai
Chennai
Chennai
Chennai
Chennai
9902663226
9940945578
9003080057
8056179311
9444209820
9445390058
asharanisahu@gmail.com
joansanthi@gmail.com
c.venkatavaralakshmi@gmail.com
siby_kavil@yahoo.co.in
vasu_sbm@yahoo.com
23
24
25
26
Mr. S. Kumar
Mrs. A. Daisy
Mrs. C.K. Vedapathi
Mrs. J. Uma
PGT(Phy)
PGT(Bio)
PGT(Bio)
PGT(Eco)
No.1 Kalpakkam
Minambakkam
IIT Chennai
Annanagar
Chennai
Chennai
Chennai
Chennai
8015374237
9840764240
9841583882
9840988755
soorareddyk@gmail.com
daisy.devakumar@gmail.com
ved.kviitc@gmail.com
umakrkumar@gmail.com
sathyavijayaraghavan@gmail.com
27
28
PGT(Chem)
PGT(Bio)
NTPC Kayamkulam
SAP Peroorkada
Ernakulam
Ernakulam
9745814475
9447107895
sulekharanir@gmail.com
maryvcherian@yahoo.co.in
29
30
31
32
33
34
PGT(Phy)
PGT(Eco)
PGT(Maths)
PGT(Eco)
PGT(Bio)
PGT(Phy)
Kalpetta
R.B Kottayam
No.1 Calicut
Kanjikode
Keltron Nagar
Keltron Nagar
Ernakulam
Ernakulam
Ernakulam
Ernakulam
Ernakulam
Ernakulam
9495528585
9446369351
9447365433
9496519079
9446494503
9400566365
ssmth.robbins@gmail.com
kallikattu31@rediffmail.com
jyolsnakp@gmail.com
ushamalayappan@gmail.com
sujathampoduval@gmail.com
mpknambiar@gmail.com
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
PGT(Chem)
PGT(Maths)
PGT(Maths)
PGT(Phy)
PGT(Phy)
PGT(Eco)
PGT(Bio)
Ernakulam
Gooty
No.1 AFA Dundigal
AFS Hakimpet
Gachibowli
Gachibowli
AFS Begumpet
Ernakulam
Hyderabad
Hyderabad
Hyderabad
Hyderabad
Hyderabad
Hyderabad
9544594068
9490039741
9440066208
9912384681
9490221144
9640646189
9652680800
sibu_jhn@yahoo.co.in
nssss_math@yahoo.co.in
balraj_jb@yahoo.com
seshasai2005@yahoo.com
vvskr2007@gmail.com
sanu_rajappan@yahoo.com
mtrajuhyderabad@gmail.com
42
43
44
45
Mr. D. Ashok
Mr. D. Saidulu
Mrs. Surya KumariBarma
Dr. K.V. Rajendra Prasad
PGT(Chem)
PGT(Chem)
PGT(Eco)
PGT(Bio)
CRPF Hyderabad
AFS Begumpet
AFS Begumpet
NTPC Ramagundam
Hyderabad
Hyderabad
Hyderabad
Hyderabad
9618012035
9908609099
9441779166
saiashokdomakonda@gmail.com
saidulu_dongari@yahoo.com
tell_rama@rediffmail.com
TIME TABLE
DATE/DAY
SESSION 1
(09:0011:00 AM)
15/07/14
TUESDAY
Inauguration
16//07/14
WEDNESDAY
17/07/14
THURSDAY
Insight into
VUE&
Concept
Mapping
SESSION 2
(11:1501:00 PM)
Presentation
of Concept
Mapping
Strategic
action plan to
achieve quality
result.
SESSION III
( 02:0003:30PM)
SESSION IV
(03:45 05:30
)
Review of
Study Material
Presentation
of finetuned
study material
Preparation of
Value based
questions.
Presentation
of Value
Based
questions.
Preparation
of 3 levels of
question
papers.
Preparation of
3 levels of
questions
Presentation of
3 levels of
questions.
Error analysis
and
remediation.
Un attempted
questions in
tests and
examinations
Tips and
techniques
(Chapter wise)
in teaching
learning
process
Presentation
of tips and
techniques.
Subject wise
specific
issues
Consolidation
of material
Consolidation
of material
Valedictory
Function
11.00 11.15
Tea break
1.00  2.00
Lunch break
3.303.45
Tea Break
S.No.
01
Top sheet
INDEX
02
Opening page
03
Our patrons
04
FOREWORD
05
06
07
08
Time table
09
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
Concept mapping
16. Bright Children are the back bones to improve the overall Performance Index of the Vidyalaya. So
they should be encouraged by providing concepts wise HOTS questions. They should be
encouraged to solve more challenging questions which have more concepts and challenging tasks.
More thought provoking questions are tobe collected and a question bank is to be given to gifted
students to develop their analyzing and reasoning capabilities.
17. Instead of preparing the PP presentation by the teacher, better to handover all the necessary content
to the students and ask the bright students, to prepare one PPT each. After submission of completed
PP Presentation, check the PPT and the same can be used effectively in the teaching learning
process.
18. On completion of syllabus topic wise revision plan is to be framed for both slow learners and gifted
students.
19. The students have to be asked to read the entire text book thoroughly.
20. The students are to be made aware about the chapter wise distribution of marks or marking scheme.
21. Sufficient tips should be given for time management.
Revision Plan:
STUDY MATERIAL
SUBJECT : MATHEMATICS
CLASS : XII
Class : XII
MATHS
INDEX
SlNO.
Topics
PageNo.
1.
2.
Relations &Functions
3.
17
4.
Matrices &Determinants
22
5.
Continuity &Differentiability
36
6.
Application of derivative
44
7.
Indefinite Integrals
54
8.
Application of Integration
66
9.
Differential Equations
72
10.
Vector Algebra
80
11.
92
12.
Linear Programming
105
13.
Probability
119
14.
Syllabus 201415
128
15.
133
16.
17. Bibliography
141
170
6
Level I, Level II & Level III indicate the difficulty level of questions
10
11
CHAPTER I
RELATIONS&FUNCTIONSSCHEMA
TIC DIAGRAM
Topic
Relations&
Functions
Concepts
(i).Domain,Codomain&
Rangeofarelation
(ii).Typesofrelations
(iii).Oneon e,onto&inverse
ofafunction
(iv).Compositionoffunction
(v).BinaryOperations
Degreeof
impo1tance
*
***
***
*
***
References
NCERTTextBookXII Ed.2007
(PreviousKnowledge)
ExI.IQ.No5,9,12,14
Ex1.2Q.No7,9
Example12
Ex1.3QNo3,7,8,9,13
Example25,26
MiscExample45,42,Misc.Ex2,8,12,14
Ex1.4QNo5,9,II
SOMEI MPORTANTRESULTS/CONCEPTS
TYPES OF RELATIONS
A relation R in a set A is called reflexive if (a, a) R for every a A.
A relation R in a set A is called symmetric if (a1, a2) R implies that (a2, a1) R, for all a1, a2 A.
A relation R in a set A is called transitive if (a1, a2) R, and (a2, a3) R together imply that (a1,a3) R, for
all a1, a2, a3 A.
** EQUIVALENCE RELATION
Equivalence Classes
Every arbitrary equivalence relation R in a set X divides X into mutually disjoint subsets (Ai) called partitions
or subdivisions of X satisfying the following conditions:
All elements of Ai are related to each other for all i
No element of Ai is related to any element of Aj whenever i j
Ai Aj = X and Ai Aj = , i j
These subsets (Ai) are called equivalence classes.
For an equivalence relation in a set X, the equivalence class containing a X, denoted by [a], is the subset
of X containing all elements b related to a.
12
13
14
15
16
13
3. ShowthattherelationRdefinedinthesetAofalltrianglesasR={(T1,T2):T1issimilarto T2},isequiv
alencerelation.ConsiderthreerightangledtrianglesT1withsides3, 4,5,
T2withsides5,12,13andT3withsides6,8,I0.WhichtrianglesamongT1,T2andT3arerelated?
4. IfR1 andR2areequivalencerelationsinasetA,showthatR1 R2isalsoan equivalencerelation.
5. LetA=R{3}andB=R{l}.Considerthefunctionf:ABdefinedbyf(x)=
Isfoneoneandonto?Justifyyouranswer.
2
(a,b),(c,d)A.Thenwithrespectto* onA
(i) examinewhether*iscommutative&associative
(i) findtheidentityelementinA,
(ii) )findtheinvertibleelementsofA.
whereRisthesetofallnonnegativerealnumbers.
onto.
5. Find gof and fog, if f: RR and g: R to R are given by f (x) = cos x and g (x) =
6. Find the number of all oneone functions from set A = {1, 2, 3} to itself.
and
Ans: Yes
HOTQUESTIONS:
http://www.kv1alwar.org/admin/downloads/19.pdf
16
CHAPTER II
17
18
19
9. Prove that
10. Simplify
( )
( )
12. Simplify
/
20
ANSWERS
10.
/4 + x
11.
12.  2
21
Topic
Matrices&
Determinants
Concepts
Degreeofi
mportance
(i)Order, Addition,
Multiplication and transpose
of matrices
(ii)Cofactors&Adjointofamat
rix
(iii)lnverseof a matrix&
applications
***
..
References
NCERTTextBookXIEd.2007
Ex3.1Q.No4,6
Ex3.2Q.No7,9,13, 17,18
Ex3.30.NoIO
Ex4.4Q.No5
Ex4.5Q.No12,13,17,18
**
*
**
Ex4.6Q.No15,16
Example29,30,32,33
MiscEx4Q.No4,5,8,12,15
Ex4.1Q.No3,4,7,8
Ex4.2Q.No11,12,13
Example16,I8
a12.a1n
a22.a2n
amI
am2.amnmxn
* Row Matrix:A matrix which has one row is called row matrix.
*Column Matrix: A matrix which has one column is called column matrix
*SquareMatrix:A matrix in which number of rows are equal to number of columns, is called a square matrix
* Diagonal Matrix:Asquare matrix is called!aDiagonal Matrix if all the elements, except the
diagonal elements are zero
* Scalar Matrix: A square matrix is called scalarmatrix if all the elements, except diagonal elements are
zero and diagonal elements are same nonzero quantity.
* Identity or UnitMatrix: A square matrix in which all the non diagonalelements are zero and diagonal
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
1. Two schools A and B decided to award prizes to their students for three values honesty(x),
punctuality(y) and obedience(z). School A decided to award a totalof Rs 11,000 for the three
values to 5,4 and3 students respectively while school B decided to award Rs 10,700 for the
three values to 4,3 and5 students respectively .I fall the three prizes together amount to
Rs2,700then
(i)
(ii)
(iii)
Represent the above situation by a matrix equation and form linear equations using
matrix multiplication.
Is it possible to solve the system of equations so obtained using matrices?
Which value you prefer to be rewarded most and why?
[CBSE sample paper, 4 marks]
If x represents the number of who take food at home represents the number of persons
who take junk food in market and z represents the number of persons who take food at hotel.
Which way of taking food you prefer and why?
3. The management committee of a residential colony decided to award some of its member(say x)
for honesty ,some(say y) for helping others and some other(say z) for supervising the workers to
keep the colony neat and clean. The sum of all the awardees is 12. Three times the sum of
awardees for cooperation and supervision added to two times the number of awardees for
honesty is33.If the sum of the number of awardees for honesty and supervision is twice the
number of awardees for helping others , using matrix method , find the number of awardees of
each category. Apart from these values, namely ,honesty, cooperation and supervision ,suggest
one more value which the management of the colony must include for awards.
[CBSE2013 6marks]
31
4. A Trust fund has Rs. 30,000 is to be invested in two different types of bonds. The first bond pays
5% interest per annum which will be given to orphanage sand second bond pays 7% interest per
annum which will be given to an NGO cancer aid society.
Using matrix multiplication method determine how to divide Rs.30000 among two types of
bonds if the trust fund obtains an annual total interest of Rs.1800.Whatarethevaluesreflected in
the question.
5.Three shopkeepers A B C are using polythene, hand made bags, and newspaper
envelopes as carry bags. Itis found that the shop keepers A B C are using
(40,30,20),(20,40,60) (60,20,30), polythene, hand made bags and newspapers
envelopes respectively. The shopkeepers A B C spend Rs.600, Rs.900, Rs.700 on these
carry bags respectively. Find the cost of each carry bags using matrices keeping in
mind the social and environmental conditions which shopkeeper is better? And why?
Additional Questions
(I) LEVEL I
(1) Write the order of the product matrix[ ]
+ and
(2) IF A=*
=kA find k
(ii)LEVEL II
(1)If[
] =*
+ find p
(2) Give examples of a square matrix of order 2 which is both symmetric and skew symmetric
(3)Find the value of x and y if [
+ , find 0
(4)If A =*
] =*
, when A+
+
=I
(ii)LEVEL I
 write the minor of the element
(1) If A=
(2) If
is the cofactor of
of
 find
(iii)LEVEL 1
32
+ and B =*
3A
LEVELIII
(1) If
=[
] and B = [
] Find
(3) The management committee of a residential colony decided to award some of its members (say x)
For honesty ,some(say y)for helping others and some others(say z) for supervising the workers to
keep the colony neat and clean . The sum of all the awardees is 12. Three times the sum of awardees
for cooperation and supervision added to two times the number of awardees for honesty is 33 If
the sum of the number of awardees for honesty and supervision is twice the number of awardees
for helping others ,using matrix method find the number of awardees for each category . apart from
these values ,namely , honesty ,cooperation and super vision , suggest one more value which the
management of the colony must include for awards
(iv)LEVELII
(1) If A is asquare matrix of order 3 such that 
 =225 Find 
(V) LEVELI
(1) Evaluate 
Prove that 
=
Answers
34
=, X =
and B=
(ii)
Therefore
(iii)Any answer of the three values with proper reasoning will be considered correct.
x +y+ z=12
3(y + z)+2x=33
or 2x+3y+3z=33
x+ z=2y
or x 2y+z=0
35
X=
and B
=1(9)1(1)+1(7)=30
x =3,y=4,z=5
Answer4:Rs.1500,Rs.1500
Answer5:50,80,80
=[
] (2)[
] (3)
= [
] ,X=3 Y=4,
Z=5
(IV)LEVELII (1) 15 (V)LEVEL I (1) 1, (2) 0
36
CHAPTER V
37
38
39
40
41
42
ANSWERS TO
43
45
46
47
48
49
11. If the length of three sides of a trapezium, other than the base is equal to 10cm each, then find
Ans.75
sq.cm
(sinx cosx) on [ ,
].
13. Show that the volume of the greatest cylinder which can be inscribed in a cone of height h
50
tan2.
14. A window is in the form of a rectangle surrounded by a semi circular opening. The total
perimeter of the window is 10 metres. Find the dimensions of the window so as to
admit maximum light through the whole opening.
Ans .
15. A window is in the form of a rectangle surmounted by a semi circular opening. The total
perimeter of the window is p metres. Show that the window will allow the maximum possible light
only when the radius of the semi circle is p/ + 4 m
16. A window is in the form of a rectangle surmounted by an equilatral triangle. The total
perimeter of the window is 12 metres, find the dimensions of the rectangle that will produce the
largest area of the window.
Ans : 12/ 6 m
51
52
53
54
CHAPTER VII
54
55
56
57
58
Log sinx dx
59
60
dx
2. Evaluate
ans : (
dx
ans :
3. Evaluate
6.Evaluate
7.Evaluate
11
+C
ans: tanx + C
dx
ans:  log
dx
ans:
8.Evaluate
9.
sin2x+b2cos2 x I +C)
[(a+bx) 2alogIa+bxI 
ans :
4. Evaluate
5. Evaluate
logI
dx
ans: ta
log
+C
] +C
[tanx+ ]+C
10
12
61
62
63
64
Log 2
65
CHAPTER VIII
66
67
68
67
69
68
HOTS QUESTIONS
{ (x,y):
+ }Ans :(
 3)Sq.units
Ans : /8Sq.units
70
3. Draw a rough sketch of the curve y = cos2x in [0, ] and find the area enclosed by the curve, the line x=0 , x=
and the xaxis.
Ans : /2 Sq.units
69
ANSWERS
70
71
CHAPTER IX
9
72
(2) Showthaty=3
isthesolutionofthedifferentialequation 4y=12x.
(3) Verifythatthefunctiony=3Cos(logx)+4Sin(logx),isasolutionofthedifferentialequ
ation
2) ObtainthedifferentialequationbyeliminatingAandBfromtheequation
y=ACos2x+BSin2x,whereAandBareconstants.
3) Obtainthedifferentialequationofthefamilyofellipseshavingfocionyaxisandcentreattheorigin.
4) Findthedifferentialequationofthefamilyofcurvesy=
74
2)
Solve thedifferentialequation :
3)
Solvethed.e.
4)
Findtheparticularsolutionofthedifferentialequation:
,giventhaty=andx=3
5)
Solve:
75
6) Solvethed.e.
7) Solve:
8) Solve:
,
,
,
75
d2y
dy
2 cos 0
dx
dx
dy
= ( 1 + x2)( 1 + y2)
dx
8.Solve
dy
=eycos x Given that y(0) =0
dx
(1,2)
dy x 2 y
dx
x y
y 3 2x 2 y
dy
= 3
dx
x 2y2x
13.Solve y dx + x log ( ) dy 2x dy = 0
76
y
y
14.Solve y e dx = ( x e +y) dy
dy
y tan x
dx
dy
2 xy x 2 2 x 2 1
dx
17.Solve 1 x dy e 3 x x 12 y dx
18.Solve ( 1 + y + x2y) dx + ( x + x3) dy = 0
e 2
19.Solve
y dx
1 , x0 ; when x=0 , y=1
x dy
Answers
2.Ans:
3:
=0
4:
77
4.
2.,:
3.
=Sinx+1
5.Siny
4.:
logx=c6: (x1)
=C
5.
CHAPTER X
Answers
CHAPTER XI
1. Write the direction cosines of the line parallel to Zaxis. (Ans 0,0,1)
2.Find the distance between the parallel planes. r.(2ij+3k)=4 and r.(6i3j+9k)+13=0 (Ans
25/314)
3.The Cartesian equation of the line is 3x+1= 6y2=1z. Find the direction ratios of the line
(Ans (2,1,6))
4.Find the length and foot of the perpendicular from the point (2,1,5) to the line (x11)/10 = (y+2)/4 = (z+8)/11. (ans (1,2,3) 14 )
5.Write the intercept cut off by the plane 2x+yz=5 on x axis (Ans x = 5/2)
6.Find the equation of a line passing through the point (1,2,3) and parallel to the planes xy+2z=5 and 3x+ y+z=6.
7. Show that the lines r = i3j5k+(3i+5j+7k) and r = (2i+4j+6k) + (i+3j+5k)
intersect each other.
ANSWERS
LEVEL II
CHAPTER XII
LINEAR PROGRAMMING
LINEAR PROGRAMMING SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM
Topic
Linear
Programming
Concepts
(i)LPP and its
Formulation
Mathematical
(ii)Graphical method of
Solving LPP (bounded
unbounded solutions)
and
(iii)Diet Problem
Degree of
Importance
**
**
***
References
NCERT Book Vol. II
Articles 12.2 and 12.2.1
Article12.2.2
Solved Ex. 1 to 5
Q. Nos 5 to 8 EX.12.1
Q. Nos 1,2 and 9 Ex. 12.2
Solved Ex. 9 Q. Nos 2and3 Misc. Ex.
(iv)Manufacturing
***
Problem
(v)Allocation Problem
**
(vi)Transportation
Problem
(vii)Miscellaneous
**
Q. No 8 Ex. 12.2
Problems
SOME IMPORTANT RESULTS /CONCEPTS
**Solving linear programming problem using Corner Point Method. The method comprises of the
following steps:
I.Find the feasible region of the linear programming problem and determine its corner points (vertices)
either by inspection or by solving the two equations of the lines intersecting at that point.
2.Evaluate the objective function Z= ax + by at each corner point. Let M and m, respectively denote the
largest and smallest values of these points.
3.(i)When the feasible region is bounded, M and m are the maximum and minimum values of Z. (ii) in
case, the feasible region is unbounded, we have:
4.(a) M is the maximum value of Z, if the open half plane determined by ax + by > M has no point in
common with the feasible region. Otherwise, Z has no maximum value.
(b)Similarly, m is the minimum value of Z, if the open half plane determined by ax + by < m has no
point in common with the feasible region. Otherwise, Z has no minimum value.
LEVEL I
I). Avinash has been given two lists of problems from his mathematics teacher with the instructions to
submit not more than 100 of them correctly solved for getting assignment marks. The problems in the first
list carry 10 marks each and those in the second list carry 5 marks each. He knows from past experience
that he requires on an average of 4 minutes to solve a problem of 10 marks and 2 minutes to solve a
problem of 5 marks. He has other subjects to worry about; he cannot devote more than 4 hours to his
mathematics assignment. Formulate this problem as a linear programming problem to maximize his
marks? What is the importance of time management for students?
the
following
Linear
(iii)Diet Problem
LEVEL ll
1) A dietician wishes to mix two types of food in such a way that the vitamin contents of the mixture
contain at least 8 units of vitamin A and 10 units of vitamin C. Food I contains 2units/kg of vitamin A
and 1 unit/kg of vitamin C, while food II contains 1 unit/kg of vitamin A and 2 units/kg of vitamin C.
It costs Rs.5.00 per kg to purchase food I and Rs.7.00 per kg to purchase food II. Formulate this
problem as a linear programming problem to minimize the cost of such mixture. Why should a person
take balanced food?
2. Every gram of wheat provides 0 .1 g of proteins and 0.25 g of carbohydrates. The corresponding values
for rice are 0.05 g and 0.5 g respectively. Wheat costs Rs. 20 per kg and rice costs Rs.20 per kg. The
minimum daily requirements of protein and carbohydrates for an average child are 50 gm and 200 gm
respectively. In what quantities, should wheat and rice be mixed in the daily diet to provide the minimum
daily requirements of protein and carbohydrates at minimum cost? Which type of food an average child
should consume?
(iv)
Manufacturing Problem
LEVEL ll
ILLUSTRATIVE EXAMPLE
A company manufactures two types of sweaters, type A and type B. It costs Rs. 360 to make one unit of
type A and Rs. 120 to make a unit of type B. The company can make atmost 300 sweaters and can spend
atmost Rs. 72000 a day. The number of sweaters of type A cannot exceed the number of type B by more
than 100. The company makes a profit of Rs. 200 on each unit of type A but considering the difficulties
of a common man the company charges a nominal profit of Rs. 20 on a unit of type B. Using LPP, solve
the problem for maximum profit.(CBSE Sample Paper 2014).
Ans: let the company manufactures sweaters of type A = x, and that of type B = y daily
LPP is to maximise P = 200x + 20y subject to the constraints:
x+y 300
360 x + 120y 72000
x y 100
x 0, y 0
1.
A company manufactures two articles A and B. There are two departments through which these
articles are processed: (i ) assembling and (ii) finishing departments. The maximum capacity of the
assembling department is 60 hours a week and that of the finishing department is 48 hours a week. The
production of each article of A requires 4 hours in assembling and 2 hours in finishing and that of each
unit of B requires 2 hours in assembling and 4 hours in finishing. If the profit is Rs. 6 for each unit of A
and Rs. 8 for each unit of B, find the number of units of A and B to be produced per week in order to
have maximum profit.
2. A company sells two different products A and B. The two products are produced in a common
production process which has a total capacity of 500 man hours. It takes 5 hours to produce a unit of A
and 3 hours to produce a unit of B. The demand in the market shows that the maximum number of units
of A that can be sold is 70 and that for B is 125. Profit on each unit of A is Rs. 20 and that on B is Rs. 15.
How many units of A and B should be produced to maximize the profit? Solve it graphically.Which are
the factors affecting the demand of a product in the market ?
LEVELIII
1. An NGO is helping the poor people of earthquake hit village by providing medicines. In order to do
this, they set up a plant to prepare two medicines A and B. There is sufficient raw material available
to make 20000 bottles of medicine A and 40000 bottles of medicine B but there are 45000 bottles
into which either of the medicines can be put. Further it takes 3 hours to prepare enough material to
fill 1000 bottles of medicine A and takes 1 hour to prepare enough material to fill 1000 bottles of
medicine B. There are 66 hours available for the operation. If the bottle of medicine A is used for 8
patients and bottle of medicine B is used for 7 patients. How the NGO should plan its production to
cover maximum patients? How can you help others in case of natural disasters?
(v)AllocationProblem
LEVELII
1. Ramesh wants to invest at most Rs.70,000 in Bonds A and B .According to the rules, he has to invest
at least Rs.10,000 in Bond A and at least Rs.30,000 in Bond B. lf the rate of interest on bond A is 8%
per annum and the rate of interest on bond B is 10% per annum, how much money should he invest
to earn maximum yearly income? Find also his maximum yearly income. Why investment is
important for future life?
2. lf a class XII student aged 17 years, rides his motor cycle at 40km/hr, the petrol cost is Rs.2 per km.
If he rides at a speed of 70km/hr, the petrol cost increases to Rs.7per km. He has Rs.100 to spend on
petrol and wishes to cover the maximum distance within one hour.
(i) Express this as an L .P.P and solve it graphically.
(ii) What is the benefit of driving at an economical speed?
(iii) Should a child below 18 years be allowed to drive a motorcycle? Give reasons.
LEVELIII
1. An aero plane can carry a maximum of 250 passengers. A profit of Rs 500 is made on each executive
class ticket and a profit of Rs 350 is made on each economy class ticket. The airline reserves at least 25
seats for executive class. However, at least 3 times as many passengers prefer to travel by economy
class than by the executive class. Determine how many tickets of each type must be sold in order to
maximize the profit for the airline. What is the maximum profit? Suggest necessary preparations to be
made before going on a trip?
2. A farmer has a supply of chemical fertilizers of type 'A' which contains 10% nitrogen and 6%
phosphoric acid and type 'B' contains 5% of nitrogen and 10% of phosphoric acid. After soil testing, it
is found that at least 7kg of nitrogen and same quantity of phosphoric acid is required for a good crop.
The fertilizers of type A and type B costs Rs 5 and Rs 8 per kilograms respectively. Using L.P.P, find
out what quantity of each type of fertilizers should be bought to meet the requirement so that the cost
is minimum. Solve the problem graphically. What are the sideeffects of using excessive fertilizers?
From/To
D
E
F
6
3
2.50
4
2
3
X 0, Y 0, and 100 X Y 0
60 X 0, 50 Y 0, and X + Y 60 0
X 60, Y 50, and X + Y 60
Total transportation cost Z is given by,
Z= 6x + 3y +2.5(100 x y) + 4(60 x) + 2(50 y) + 3(x + y 60)
= 6x + 3y + 250 2.5x 2.5y + 240 4x + 100 2y +3x + 3y 180
= 2.5x + 1.5y +410
The given problem can be formulated as
Minimize Z= 2.5x + 1.5y + 410 (1)
subject to the constraints,
X + Y 100
(2)
X 60
.(3)
Y 50
.(4)
X + Y 60
.(5)
X, Y 0
.(6)
From
To
How many packets from each factory be transported to each agency so that the cost of transportation is
minimum? Also find the minimum cost. What should be the features of best location for a factory?
CBSE PREVIOUS YEAR QUESTIONS
LEVELII
1.A dealer in rural area wishes to purchase a number of sewing machines. He has only Rs.5760.00 to
invest and has space for at most 20 items. An electronic sewing machine costs him Rs.360.00 and a
manually operated sewing machine Rs.240.00. He can sell an electronic sewing machine at a profit of
Rs.22.00 and a manually operated sewing machine at a profit of Rs.18.00. Assuming that he can sell all the
items that he can buy, how should he invest his money in order to maximise his profit? Make it as a linear
programming problem and then, solve it graphically. Keeping the rural background in mind justify the
'values' to be promoted for the selection of the manually operated machine (CBSE sample paper 2013).
2. A manufacturing company makes two types of teaching aids A and B of Mathematics for class XII.
Each type of A requires 9 labour hours for fabricating and 1 labour hour for finishing. Each type of B
requires 12 labour hours for fabricating and 3 labour hours for finishing. For fabricating and finishing the
maximum labour hours available per week are 180 and 30 respectively. The company makes a profit of Rs
80 on each piece of type A and Rs 120 on each piece of type B. How many pieces of type A and type B
should be manufactured per week to get a maximum profit? Make it as an LPP and solve graphically.
What is the maximum profit per week? (CBSE 2014)
LEVEL III
If a young man drives his scooter at 25 kmph, he has to spend Rs 2 per kilometer on petrol. If he drives the
scooter at a speed of 40 kmph, it produces more pollution and increases his expenditure on petrol to Rs 5
per km. He has a maximum of Rs 100 to spend on petrol and wishes to travel a maximum distance in 1
hour time with less pollution. Express this problem as an LPP and solve it graphically. What value do you
find here? [CBSE 2013 C (DB)]
LEVELII
I A dealer in rural area wishes to purchase a number of sewing machines. He has only Rs.5760.00 to invest
and has space for at most 20 items. An electronic sewing machine costs him Rs.360.00 and a manually
operated sewing machine Rs.240.00. He can sell an Electronic Sewing Machine at a profit of Rs.22.00 and
a manually operated sewing machine at a profit of Rs.18.00. Assuming that he can sell all the items that he
can buy, how should he invest his money in order to maximize his profit? Make it as a linear programming
problem and then, solve it graphically. Keeping the rural background in mind justify the 'values' to be
promoted for the selection of the manually operated machine
Questions for self evaluation
l. Solve the following linear programming problem graphically: maximize Z =x  7y+ 190 subject to the
constraints x + y 8, x 5, y 5, x+y 4, x 0, y 0.
2. Solve the following linear programming problem graphically: Maximize z=3x+5y subject to the
constraints x+ y 2, x+3y 3, x 0, y 0.
3. Kelloggis a new cereal formed of a mixture of bran and rice that contains at least 88 grams of protein
and at least 36 milligrams of iron. Knowing that bran contains, 80 grams of protein and 40 milligrams of
iron per kilogram, and that rice contains 100 grams protein and 30 milligrams of iron per kilogram, find
the minimum cost of producing this new cereal if bran costs Rs. 5 per kilogram and rice costs Rs. 4 per
kilogram.
4. A shopkeeper deals only in two items tables and chairs. He has Rs. 6,000 to invest and a space to store
at most 20 pieces. A table costs him Rs. 400 and a chair Rs. 250. He can sell a table at a profit of Rs. 25 and
a chair at a profit of Rs. 40. Assume that he can sell all items that he buys. Using linear programming
formulate the problem for maximum profit and solve it graphically. What would be your criteria to select a
good piece of furniture?
5. A small firm manufactures items A and B. The total number of items A and B it can manufacture a day
is at most 24 items. A takes one hour to make while item B takes only half an hour. The maximum time
available per day is 16 hours. If the profit on one unit of item A be Rs. 300 and one unit of item B be Rs.
160, how many of each type of item be produced to maximize the profit? Solve the problem graphically. A
firm has 2 types of machines. Machine A operates on electricity, Machine B operates on coal. Which
machine would you prefer?
6. A chemist requires 10, 12 and 12 units of chemicals A, Band C respectively for his analysis. A liquid
product contains 5, 2 and 1 units of A, Band C respectively and it costs Rs. 3 per jar. A dry product
contains 1, 2 and 4 units of A. Band C per carton and costs Rs. 2 per carton. How many of each should he
purchase in order to minimize the cost and meet the requirement?
7. A person wants to invest at most Rs. 18,000 in Bonds A and E. According to the rules, he has to invest
at least Rs. 4,000 in Bond A and at least Rs. 5,000 in Bond B. If the rate of interest on bond A is 9% per
annum and the rate of interest on bond B is 11 %per annum, how much money should he invest to earn
maximum yearly income? Explain the importance of investment for future life?
8. Two tailors A and B earn Rs. 150 and Rs. 200 per day respectively by stitching uniform. A can stitch 6
shirts and 4 pants while B can stitch 10 shirts and 4 pants per day. How many days shall each work if it is
desired to stitch at least 60 shirts and 32 pants at a minimum labour cost. What should be the features of
uniform of a student?
ANSWERS
LINEAR PROGRAMMING
(i)LPP and its Mathematical Formulation
LEVEL l
1. X+y:
100
4x+2y 240
Z=10 x+5y
Students who divide the time for each subject per day according to their need don't feel burden of any
subject before the examination
(ii) Graphical method of solving LPP (bounded and unbounded solutions)
I.
Minimum z=  12 at (4.0).
..
19
19 19
LEVELII
Maximum annual income =Rs. 6,200 on investment of Rs. 40,000 on Bond A and Rs.30, 000 on Bond B.
We save money with a purpose of making use of it when we face any kind of financial crisis in our life.
We will also be to able to achieve our goals of life if we have enough investment.
Max. Z = x + y. Subject to constraints: x/40 + y/70 1, 2x + 7y 100; x, y O. Here x & y represents the
distance travelled by the boy at speed of 40km/hr&70km/h respectively. (i) x= 1560/41km, y = 140/41km.
(ii) It saves petrol. It saves money. (iii) No, because according to the law driving license is issued when a
person is above the 18 years of age.
LEVELIII
1) For maximum profit, 62executive class tickets and 188 economy class ticket should be sold.
1) Plan the trip
2) Check the journey tickets
3) Check the weather forecast
4) Do not take too much of cash
3.Type A fertilizers = 50 kg, Type B = 40 kg. Minimum cost = RS.570. Side effects: Excessive use of
fertilizers can spoil the quality of crop also it may cause infertility of land.
(vi)Transportation Problem
LEVELIII
I. Minimum transportation cost is Rs. 400 when 10, 0 and 50 packets are transported from factory at A
and 30, 40 and 0 packets are transported from factory at B to the agencies at P, Q and R respectively. The
location for a factory should have the following features
1) enough transport facility
2) enough natural resources
3) enough water
4) availability of electricity
5) availability of labours
8.
Rs.4,000 in Bond A and Rs.14,000 in Bond B. We save money with a purpose of making use of it
when we face any kind of financial crisis in our life. We will also be to able to achieve our goals of
life if we have enough investment.
Minimum cost Rs.1350 at (5, 3)
The uniform of a student should be
a)
b)
c)
d)
well pressed
neat and tidy
properly stitched
shoe must be polished
Machines
I
12
6
II
18
0
III
6
9
Each machine is available for a maximum period of 6 hours per day. If the profit on each cup A is
75 paise and on B is 50 paise. Find how many cups of each type should be manufactured to
maximize the profit per day.
[ Ans : Cup A: 15, Cup B: 30 ]
2. A catering agency has two kitchens to prepare food at two places A and B. From these places,
midday meal is to be supplied to three different schools situated at P, Q, R. The monthly
requirement of these schools are respectively 40, 40 and 50 food packets. A packet contains lunch
for 1000 students. Preparing capacity of kitchens A and B are 60 and 70 packets per month
respectively. The transportation cost per packet from the kitchens to the school is given below:
FROM
A
5
4
3
B
4
2
5
How many packets from each kitchen should be transported to schools so that the the cost of
transportation is minimum? Also find the minimum cost.
[ Ans : Min cost = Rs. 400]
3. Every gram of wheat provides 0.1 gm of proteins and 0.25 gram of carbohydrates. The
corresponding values for rice are 0.05 gram and 0.5 gram respectively. Wheat costs Rs 4 per kg.
and rice Rs 6 per kg. The minimum daily requirements of protein and carbohydrates for an
average child are 50 grams and 200 grams respectively. In what quantities should wheat and rice
be mixed in the daily diet to provide minimum daily requirements of protein and carbohydrates at
minimum cost. Frame an L.P.P and solve it graphically.
[ Ans : wheat = 400 gm and rice = 200 gm ]
CHAPTER XIII
Black
White
Red
II
III
A bag is selected at random and then two balls are randomly drawn from the selected bag. They happen to be
black and red. What is the probability that they came from bag I ?[ Ans : 231/551]
4. A bag contains 4 balls. Two balls are drawn at random, and are found to be white.
What is the probability that all balls are white ?[ Ans : 3/5]
5. Two numbers are selected at random (without replacement) from the first six positive
integers. Let X denote the larger of the two numbers obtained. Find the probability
distribution of the random variable, and hence find the mean of the distribution.
[Ans:
X
4/15 5/15
6.In a game ,a man wins a rupee for a six and loses a rupee for any other number when a
fair die is thrown. The man decided to throw a die thrice but to quit as when he gets a
six .Find the expected value of the amount he wins/loses.
[ Ans: 11/216 ]
7. Two balls are drawn one by one with replacement from a bag containing 4 red and 6 black balls.
Find the probability distribution of number of red balls . [Ans:
X: 0
P(X) : 9/25
2
12/25
4/25
8. Find the probability distribution of the number of doublets in three throws of a pair of dice.
[ Ans :
X :
3
P(X)
: 125/216
2. A company has two plants of scooter manufacturing. Plant I manufacture 70% Scooter and plant II
manufactures 30%. At plant I 80% of the scooters are maintaining pollution norms and in plant II 90% of the
scooter maintaining Pollution norms. A Scooter is chosen at random and is found to be fit on pollution norms.
What is the probability that it has come from plant II. What is importance of pollution norms for a vehicle?
[ Ans: 27/53, Pollution free environment minimize the health problems in the human being.]
3. In a group of students, 200 attend coaching classes, 400 students attend school regularly and 600 students
study themselves with help of peers. The probability that a student will succeed in life who attend coaching
classes, attend school regularly and study themselves with help of peers are 0.1, 0.2 and 0.5 respectively.
One student is selected who succeeded in life, what is the probability that he study himself with help of peers.
What type of study can be considered for the success in life and why?
[Ans:0.75self studies with the help of peers is best as through it students can get the knowledge in depth of
each concept. But students should be regular in school and if they feel need they could join different classes].
4. A clever student used a biased coin so that the head is 3 times as likely to occur as tail. If the coin tossed
twice find the probability distribution and mean of numbers of tails. Is this a good tendency? Justify your
answer.
[ Ans: X : 0
P(X) : 9/16
Mean = .
6/16
1/16
SYLLABUS
SAMPLEPAPER
BLUE PRINT
S.No.
Topics
1.(a)
Relations&Functions
(b)
2.(a)
(b).
3(a)
(c)
(e)
VSA(1) SA(1)
LA (6) Total
4(1)
4(1)
InverseTrigonometricFunctions
6(1)
Matrices
1(2)
Determinants
1(1)
6(1)
4(1)
Continuity&Differentiability
4(2)
ApplicationsofDerivatives
4(1)
Integrals
4(3)
6(1)
13(5)
11(3)
8(2)
6(1)
10(2)
12(3)
6(1)
DifferentialEquation
(b)
2(2)
44(10)
Applicationof Integrals
4.(a)
10(2)
8(2)
Vectors
1(2)
4(2)
4(1)
Three DimensionalGeometry
1(1)
4(1)
5.
LinearProgramming
6.
Probability
Total
6(1)
6(6)
6(3)
6(1)
11(3)
6(1)
6(1)
4(1)
6(1)
10(2)
52(13)
42(7)
100(26)
17(6)
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
IITJEE 2014
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
Q.4
Let A be the set of all students of class XII in a school and R be the relation, having the
same sex on A, and then prove that R is an equivalence relation. Do you think, coeducation may be helpful in child development and why?
Q.5
Consider a relation R in the set A of people in a colony, defined as aRb, if and only if a and
b are members of a joint family. Is R an equivalence relation? Staying with Grandparents in
a joint family imbibes the moral values in us. Can you elicit two such values?
Q.6
Let R be a relation defined as R : { (x,y) : x and y study in the same class} Show that R is
an Equivalence Relation. If x is a brilliant student and y is a slow learner and x helps y in
his studies. What quality does x possess?
Q.7
Let L be the set of all lines in a plane and R be the relation in L defined by R = { (L1, L2):
L1 is parallel to L2 } Show that R is an Equivalence Relation. L1 represents the ideologies
of Gandhi, L2 represents ideologies of NetajiSubhash Chandra Bose. Even though their
ideologies ran on parallel tracks both had the common goal to achieve independence for
India. Which common value did they both exhibit?
Q.2
In a Legislative assembly election, a political party hired a public relation firm to promote
its candidate in three ways; telephone, house calls and letters. The numbers of contacts of
each type in three cities A, B & C are (500, 1000, and 5000), (3000, 1000, 10000) and
(2000, 1500, 4000), respectively. The party paid Rs. 3700, Rs.7200, and Rs.4300 in cities A,
B & C respectively. Find the costs per contact using matrix method. Keeping in mind the
economic condition of the country, which way of promotion is better in your view?
Q.3
A trust fund has Rs. 30,000 is to be invested in two different types of bonds. The first bond
pays 5% interest per annum which will be given to orphanage and second bond pays7%
interest per annum which will be given to an N.G.O. cancer aid society. Using matrix
multiplication, determine how to divide Rs 30,000 among two types of Bonds if the trust
fund obtains an annual total interest of Rs. 1800. What are the values reflected in the
question.
Q.4
Q.5 A school has to reward the students participating in cocurricular activities (Category I) and
with 100% attendance (Category II) brave students (Category III) in a function. The sum of
the numbers of all the three category students is 6. If we multiply the number of category
III by 2 and added to the number of category I to the result, we get 7. By adding second and
third category would to three times the first category we get 12.Form the matrix equation
and solve it.
Q.6
F for keeping Fit X people believes in morning walk, Y people believe in yoga and Z people
join Gym. Total no of people are 70.further 20% 30% and 40% people are suffering from
any disease who believe in morning walk, yoga and GYM respectively. Total no. of such
people is 21. If morning walk cost Rs.0 Yoga cost Rs.500/month and GYM cost Rs.400/
month and total expenditure is Rs.23000.
(i) Formulate a matrix problem.
An amount of Rs. 600 crores is spent by the government in three schemes. Scheme A is for
saving girl child from the cruel parents who dont want girl child and get the abortion
before her birth. Scheme B is for saving of newlywed girls from death due to dowry.
Scheme C is planning for good health for senior citizen. Now twice the amount spent on
Scheme C together with amount spent on Scheme A is Rs 700 crores. And three times the
amount spent on Scheme A together with amount spent on Scheme B and Scheme C is Rs
1200 crores. Find the amount spent on each Scheme using matrices? What is the
importance of saving girl child from the cruel parents who dont want girl child and get the
abortion before her birth?
Q.8.
There are three families. First family consists of 2 male members, 4 female members and 3
children. Second family consists of 3 male members, 3 female members and 2 children.
Third family consists of 2 male members, 2 female members and 5 children. Male member
earns Rs 500 per day and spends Rs 300 per day. Female member earns Rs 400 per day and
spends Rs 250 per day child member spends Rs 40 per day. Find the money each family
saves per day using matrices? What is the necessity of saving in the family?
CONTINUITY AND DIFFERENTIABILITY
Q.1.
m N
Find the dangerous point (point of discontinuity) on the path. Whether the driver
should pass that point or not? Justify your answers.
APPLICATION OF DERIVATIVES
Q.1
Q.2.
Q.3.
Q.4.
A car parking company has 500 subscribers and collects fixed charges of Rs.300 per
subscriber per month. The company proposes to increase the monthly subscription and
it is believed that for every increase of Re.1, one subscriber will discontinue the service.
What increase will bring maximum income of the company? What values are driven by
this problem?
Check whether the function
+
is strictly increasing or strictly
decreasing or none of both on
. Should the nature of a man be like this function?
Justify your answers.
If
, when denotes the number of hours worked and denotes the amount
(in Rupees) earned. Then find the value of (in interval) for which the income remains
increasing? Explain the importance of earning in life?
If performance of the students y depends on the number of hours x of hard work
done per day is given by the relation.
Find the number of hours, the students work to have the best performance.
A farmer wants to construct a circular well and a square garden in his field. He wants to
keep sum of their perimeters fixed. Then prove that the sum of their areas is least when
the side of square garden is double the radius of the circular well.
Do you think good planning can save energy, time and money?
Q.6.
Q.7.
Q.8.
In a kite festival, a kite is at a height of 120m and 130m string is out. If the kite is
moving horizontally at the rate of 5.2m/sec, find the rate at which the string is being
pulled out at that instant. How a festival enhance national integration.
Q.9. An expensive square piece of golden color board of side 24 centimeters. is to be made
into a box without top by cutting a square from each corner and folding the flaps to
form a box. What should be the side of the square piece to be cut from each corner of
the board to hold maximum volume and minimize the wastage? What is the importance
of minimizing the wastage in utilizing the resources?
Q.10. A student is given card board of area 27 square centimeters. He wishes to form a box
with square base to have maximum capacity and no wastage of the board. What are the
dimensions of the box so formed? Do you agree that students dont utilize the resources
properly? Justify.
INTEGRATION
Q.1
Evaluate,
Q.1.
A farmer has a piece of land. He wishes to divide equally in his two sons to maintain
peace and harmony in the family. If his land is denoted by area bounded by curve
and
and to divide the area equally he draws a line
what is the value
of a? What is the importance of equality among the people?
Q.2. A circular Olympic gold medal has a radius 2cm and taking the centre at the origin, Find
its area by method of integration. What is the importance of Olympic Games for a
sportsman and why? Olympic game is a supreme platform for a sportsman. In Olympic
Games all countries of the world participate and try their best and make their country
proud.
Q.3.
already partitioned).Find the area of each part. Which parts should be given to the
farmer & why? Justify your answer.
Q.4
Q.5
Q.6
Ans.
If a triangular field is bounded by the lines x+2y = 2, yx = 1 and 2x+y = 7Using
integration compute the area of the field
(i) If in each square unit area 4 trees may be planted. Find the number of trees can be
planted In the field.
(ii) Why plantation of trees is necessary?
A parking lot in an IT company has an area bounded by the curve y= 4x2 and the lines
y=0 and y = 3 divides the area in to two equal parts out of which the greater area is
allotted for car owners who practice carpooling. Find this area using integration. Write
any two benefits of carpooling.
Ans. Fuel saving, Less pollution
Find the area of the region enclosed by the curve y= x 2 and the lines x=0, y=1 and y=4.
A farmer plans to construct an electrical fence around this bounded region to protect his
crop. But his son rejects this idea and wants wooden fence to be erected. Who would
you favour? Mention two values demonstrated by the son .
Concern for animals, kind hearted, not being cruel, bold
DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS
1.
Solve the differential equation (x+ 2y2 )y=y. Given that when x= 2, y=1. If x denotes
the % of people who are polite and y denote the % of people who are intelligent. Find x
when y=2%. A polite child is always liked by all in society. Do you agree? Justify.
2.
y +
= 0 where x denotes the percentage of population living in a city and y denotes the
area for living a healthy life of population .Find the particular solution when x=100 , y=1.
Is higher density of population is harmful? Justify your
VECTORS & 3DIMENSIONAL GEOMETRY
Q.1.
Q.2.
Let the point p (5, 9, 3) lies on the top of QutubMinar, Delhi. Find the image of the
point on the line
=
=
Do you think that the conservation of monuments is
important and why?
Q.3
Two bikers are running at the Speed more than allowed speed on the road along the
Lines
=
and
=
Using Shortest distance formula check whether they meet to an accident or not? While
driving should driver maintain the speed limit as allowed. Justify?
Probability of winning when batting coach A and bowling coach B working independently are
and respectively. If both try for the win independently find the probability that there is a
win. Will the independently working may be effective? And why?
Q.2.
A person has undertaken a construction job. The probabilities are 0.65 that there will be strike,
0.80 that the construction job will be completed on time if there is no strike and 0.32 that the
construction job will be completed on time if there is strike. Determine the probability that the
construction job will be completed on time. What values are driven by this question?
Q.3.
A clever student used a biased coin so that the head is 3 times as likely to occur as tail. If the
coin tossed twice find the probability distribution and mean of numbers of tails. Is this a good
tendency? Justify your answer.
Q.4
A man is known to speak truth 5 out of 6 times. He draws a ball from the bag containing 4
white and 6 black balls and reports that it is white. Find the probability that it is actually white?
Do you think that speaking truth is always good?
Q.5
A drunkard man takes a step forward with probability 0.6 and takes a step backward with
probability 0.4. He takes 9 steps in all. Find the probability that he is just one step away from
the initial point. Do you think drinking habit can ruin ones family life?
Q.6.
If group A contains the students who try to solve the problem by knowledge, Group B contains
the students who guess to solve the problem Group C contains the students who give answer by
cheating. If n (A) = 20, n (B) = 15, n(C) = 10, 2 Students are selected at random. Find the
probability that they are from group c. Do you think that cheating habit spoils the career?
Q.7
In a school, 30% of the student has 100% attendance. Previous year result report tells that 70%
of all students having 100% attendance attain A grade and 10% of remaining students attain A
grade in their annual examination. At the end of the year, One student is chosen at random and
he has an A grade. What is the probability that the student has 100% attendance? Also state the
factors which affect the result of a student in the examination.
Q.8
A man is known to speak truth 3 out of 4 times. He throws a die and reports that it is six. Find
the probability that it is actually a six. Write any three benefits of speaking the truth.
Q.9.
There are 20 People in a group. Out of them 7 people are non vegetarian, 2 people are
selected randomly. Write the probability distribution of nonvegetarian people. Explain
whether you would like to be vegetarian or non vegetarian and why? Also keeping life of
animals in mind how would you promote a person to be vegetarian?
Q.10
Two third of the students in a class are sincere about their study and rest are careless
Probability of passing in examination are 0.7 and 0.2 for sincere and careless
studentsrespectively, A Student is chosen and is found to be passed what is the probability that
he/she was sincere. Explain the importance of sincerity for a student.
Q.11. A company has two plants of scooter manufacturing. Plant I manufacture 70% Scooter and
plant II manufactures 30%. At plant I 80% of the scooters are maintaining pollution norms
and in plant II 90% of the scooter maintaining Pollution norms. A Scooter is chosen at random
and is found to be fit on pollution norms. What is the probability that it has come from plant II.
What is importance of pollution norms for a vehicle?
Q. 12 A chairman is biased so that he selects his relatives for a job 3 times as likely as others. If there
are 3 posts for a job. Find the probability distribution for selection of persons other than their
relatives. If the chairman is biased than which value of life will be demolished?
Q.13 A manufacturer has three machine operators A (skilled) B (Semi skilled) and C (nonskilled).The first operator A Produces 1% defective items where as the other two operators B
and C produces 5% and 7 % defective items respectively. A is on the job for 50% of time B in
the job for 30% of the time and C is on the job for 20 % of the time. A defective item is
produced what is the probability that it was produced by B? What is the value of skill?
Q.14
In a group of 100 families, 30 families like male child, 25 families like female child and 45
families feel both children are equal. If two families are selected at random out of 100 families,
find the probability distribution of the number of families feel both children are equal. What is
the importance in the society to develop the feeling that both children are equal?
Q.15
In a group of 200 people, 50% believe in that anger and violence will ruin the country, 30% do
not believe in that anger and violence will ruin the country and 20% are not sure about
anything. If 3 people are selected at random find the probability that 2 people believe and 1
does not believe that anger and violence will ruin the country. How do you consider that anger
Q.16
Q.17
Q.18
Q.19
Q.20
Q.21
[Point
No, because
Life is precious. Or
Drive carefully.
APPLICATION OF DERIVATIVES
Ans.1 Increase of Rs.100 monthly subscription for Max. Income of the company.
1. The sharing (23 persons on the same route) will be promoted.
2. Decrease pollution
3. Decrease vehicle density on road.
4. Saving of energy.
Ans.2 [Neither strictly increasing nor strictly decreasing].
Yes, because strictness in not always good in life.
Ans.3
To support the family, regular increasing income is must.
Ans.4. 4 hours per day. By hard work, we can create skill in using the things Learnt by us. So we
Dont make mistake in the competition when the things are asked.
Ans.5. Yes, every work done in a planned way proves to be more fruitful.
If a student makes a planning for his studies he can do wonders.
Ans.6. Maximum profit = Rs76 when x=240.
Yes it is good for society
Ans.7 15/2 Cm. /Sec.
(i) Bravery
(ii) Awareness about child labour
(iii)Right of a child
Ans.8 4.8m/sec.
In a festival many people participated with full happiness and share their lives and enjoy it.
Ans.9. 4 centimeters. As our country is still developing and most of the Indian people are from the
middle class, so we should utilize our resources in proper way. Students should buy only those
books which they feel really important. Instead of buying books for only one or two chapters.
They should borrow it from the library.
Ans.10. length of square base is 3 centimeters and height of the box is 1.5 centimeters. Yes, I agree
that students dont utilize the resources properly. They get various notes photocopies and waste
one side of the paper. Whereas other side of paper can be utilized for making comments on
those notes.
INTEGRATION
Ans.1.
 log
+ tan 1 + C
Ans.1
Ans.2 4
Ans.3.
1, 2, 1
1. Respect the parents
2. Help the elders (parents)
Ans.4
Ans.1
, 8. Yes polite child has a peaceful mind and peaceful mind grasps the ideas easily and
understand the complicated concept
Ans.2
Yes, as the population increases area for living decreases, that is very harmful for us.
Ans.1 (i)
Units
(ii) We should not harm any monument.
(iii)We should not write anything on it.
(iv) We should respect our national heritage.
Ans.2 The point of image is (3, 5, 7)
Conservation of monuments is very important because it is a part of our history and their
contribution.
Ans.3 S.D =0, this means they meet to an accident.
If a driver follow speed limit there will be minimum chance of accident.
LINEAR PROGRAMMING PROBLEMS
Ans.1 Minimum cost = Rs. 8.00 x=2, y=4
Balanced diet keeps fit, healthy and disease free life to a person.
Ans.2 Type A fertilizers = 50 kg, Type B = 40 kg. Minimum cost =Rs. 570/infertility of land.
Excessive use of fertilizers can spoil the quality of crop also it may cause.
Ans.3 . Max. Z= x + y,
+
2x+7y
X
,y
Where x & y represents the distance travelled by the speed of 40km/hr& 70 km/h respectively.
1. X=1560/41Km., y= 140/41Km.
2. It Saves petrol. It saves money.
3. No because according to the law driving license is issued when a person is above the 18
years of age.
Ans.4. 20 problems from first list and 80 problems from second list. Students who divide the time for
each subject per day according to their need dont feel burden of any subject before the
examination.
Ans.5. 10500 bottles of medicine A and 34500 bottles of medicine B and they can cover 325500
patients. We should not get panic and should not create panic in case of natural disaster. Must
have the helpline numbers of government agencies and NGO working in case of Natural
Disaster.
6
Rs.40000 must be invested in 8 % bonds and Rs.30000 in 10% bonds for a maximum
return of Rs.6200.
One should start saving at early age of retirement.
Ans.1
1. Chances of success increase when ideas flow independently.
2. Hard work pays the fruits.
Ans.2 [0.488]
Peace is better than strike. As the probability of completion of job on time if there is strike is
less then .
Ans.3
x
P(x)
Mean =
1. No, it may be good once or twice but not forever.
2. Honesty pays in a long run.
Ans.4 , speaking truth pays in the long run. Sometimes lie told for a good cause is not bad.
Ans5
Yes, addiction of wine or smoking is definitely harmful for a person and its family.
Ans.6 (i)
(ii) Yes, because a cheater finds it to do any work independently. But it is harmful in long run.
Ans.7
3/4
Ans.8
3/8
(i)
(ii)
(iii)
Ans.9
I would like to be a vegetarian because vegetarian food is much easier to digest than nonvegetarian (may be given other reason) Or For non vegetarian food we have to kill animals this
is not good thing because everybody has right to survive, etc.
Ans.10
A Student is future of a country. If a student is sincere then he/she can serve the country in a
better way.
Ans.11
Pollution free environment minimize the health problems in the human being.
Ans12
X
P(x)
2.
To maintain the ratio of male and female equally. This is important to consider both children
are equal.
Ans15. 0.225, People in anger cannot use their presence of mind and become violent and destroy
public property in riots which is indirectly their own property.
Ans.16. 0.75 selfstudies with the help of peers is best as through it students can get the
knowledge in depth of each concept. But students should be regular in school and if they
feel need they could join different classes.
17. P(at least one post) = 1 P(none posts)
5 6
2
=1 x
=
6 7
7
He represents hard work,honesty, zest to excel.
18. P(at least 3) = P(3) + P(4)
3
8 4
x
5 5
The values reflected are responsibility, love for life, dedicated to work.
12
19.
c .3 c
44
Required probability = 153 0 =
91
c3
20.
1
. 1
2
2
Required probability =
=
1
1 1
1 3
3
1
2
4 4
4 4
If he restores to unfair means he violates honesty.
21
3 1
3
5 20
Required probability =
=
3 1
2 1
7
5 20
5 10
A student can perform well if he is hard working, sincere and wellfocused.
, find fog
===================================================================
Relations and Functions ( Level 1)Easy (4M)
1) Let A=R {3} and B= R{1} . Consider the function f : A
that f is one one and onto and hence find f
2) Find the Inverse of f(x) =
,x
B by f(x) =
, Show
1
3) Let R be the set of real numbers and * be a binary operation defined on R as a*b =
a+bab , for every a, b R , Find the identity element with respect to the binary
operation *.
Relations and Functions ( Level 2)Average (4M)
1) Let A be the a set of all 46 students of class XII in a school. Let f: A N be a function
defined by f(x) Roll Number of the student x. Show that f is oneone but not onto.
2) Let R be the relation on N defined as R = { (x,y) : x,y N , 2x+y =41. } Find the
domain and range of R . Also verify whether R is reflexive, symmetric and transitive.
3) A relation R :N N
defined as (a,b) R (c, d)
a+d= b+c , show that R is an
Equivalence Relation.
Relations and Functions ( Level 3)difficult (4M)
1) Show that the relation R in the set of real numbers defined as R = { (a,b) : a b3} is
neither reflexive nor symmetric nor transitive.
2) Let A= {1,2,3,4,9} and R be the relation in AxA defined by (a,b) R
)c,d) if a+d= b+c , for (a,b) ,(c,d) AXA . Prove that R is an Equivalenc e Relation.
3) Let f: N
N defined by f(n) = {
function f is bijective
Inverse Trigonometric Function Level 1 Easy (1M)
1) Evaluate Sin1 (
+ Cos1(
2) Evaluate Cos { 
3) Evaluate
Inverse Trigonometric Function Level 3 Difficult (1M)
1) Evaluate
) in terms of y
+

3)
+=0
, x (0 ,
Prove that
3)
Solve for x :
)+
) =
===============================================================
Answers
Relations and Functions ( Level 1)Easy (1M)
1. Proof
2. No
3. Different elements have different images
3.
Inverse Trigonometric Function Level 1 Easy (4M)
1. Proof
2.
3.
Inverse Trigonometric Function Level 2 Average (4M)
1. Proof
2, Proof
MATRICES
LEVEL I QUESTIONS
1. If the matrix
then find p.
).
row and
.
LEVEL 2 QUESTIONS
1. Construct a 2 x 2 matrix
2. For the matrix
] whose elements
) verify that
3. If the matrix (
is symmetric.
are given by
) find x , satisfying
when
and
are both
LEVEL 3 QUESTIONS
1. Construct a 2 x 2 matrix
] whose elements
are given by
*+
DETERMINANTS
LEVEL I QUESTIONS
1. For what value of x is the matrix (
) singular?

 
2. If A is the square matrix of order 3 such that 
3. If A , B and C are n x n matrices and det(A) = 2, det (B) = 3 and det (c) = 5. Find the
value of det (
LEVEL 2 QUESTIONS

 .
1. If A is a square matrix of order 3 such that 
2. If A= (
3. Let
) find Adj(AdjA).
(
.
By using properties of determinants prove that:
4. 
5. 
6. 
1. If matrix
Prove that
2. Let
and
.

.
LEVEL 3 QUESTIONS
[ ]
]
is singular.
5. Prove that 
 is
ANSWERS : MATRICES
LEVEL I QUESTIONS
2. X=2, y=8. 3. (
1. P=4
LEVEL 2 QUESTIONS
(
1.
= 4 x 4. 5. x= .
LEVEL 3 QUESTIONS
(
1.
) 2. (
) 3. I
ANSWERS : DETERMINANTS
LEVEL I QUESTIONS
1. X=4. 2.  
3.
LEVEL 2 QUESTIONS
1. 
2. A= (
) 3. .=5.
LEVEL 3 QUESTIONS
1. Since A is skew symmetric det(A)=0. Therefore det(
)=0 . 2.
Level I
Continuity and differentiability
Section A ( 1 Mark )
1)Discuss the continuity of the function f given by f(x) =x3 +x21
2) Is the function defined by f (x) =  x , a continuous function?
3) Check the points where the constant function f (x) = k is continuous
Section B ( 4 Mark )
4) Differentiate xsinx , x> 0 w.r.t. x.
5) Find dy/dx , if x = a
y = a (1
6) Verify Mean Value Theorem for the function f (x) = x2 in the interval [2, 4].
Section C ( 6 mark )
7) Differentiate the following w.r.t. x.
8)
+3 (
LEVEL III
( Continuity and Derivatives )
1 MARK
1. Check the continuity of the function f ( x) sin x x 2 at x =
2. Give an example of a function which is continuous but not differentiable.
3. . Discuss the continuity of the function f given by f (x) =  x  at x = 0.
4 Marks
4. Differentiate
5)
6)
6 MARKS
7)
8)
9)
Answers
1. Continuous
2. Example
3. Continuous
4.
log (x+1/x)} +
5.
6. Proving
7. Proving
8.
t<
9.
APPLICATIONS OF DERIVATIVES
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
RATE OF CHANGE
(4 MARKS)
3
A particle moves along the curve 6y = x + 2. Find the points on the curve at which the
ycoordinate is changing 8 times as fast as xcoordinate.
A man 160 cm tall walks away from a source of light situated at the top of the pole 6 m
high at the rate of 1.1 m/sec. How fast is the length of the shadow increasing when he is 1
m away from the pole?
The surface area of a spherical bubble is increasing at the rate of 2 cm2/sec. Find the rate
of which the volume of the bubble is increasing at the instant if its radius is 6 cm.
Water is passed into an inverted cone of base radius 5 cm and depth 10 cm at the rate of
3/2 c.c/sec. Find the rate at which level of water is rising when depth is 4 cm.
Find the total revenue received from the sale of x units of a product is given by R(x) = 3x2
+ 36x + 5. Find the marginal revenue when x = 5.
INCREASING AND DECREASING FUNCTIONS (4 MARKS)
Find the intervals in which function f(x) = 6 + 12x + 3x2 2x3 is increasing or decreasing.
Find the intervals in which function f(x) = 4x2 + 1 is increasing or decreasing. X
Show that y = log (1+x) 2x , x> 1 is an increasing function of x, throughout its domain
2+x
Find the intervals in which function f(x) = sin x + cos x in [0,2] is increasing or
decreasing.
10.
11.
12.
Find the intervals in which function f(x) = (x+1)3 (x3)3is increasing or decreasing.
Find the intervals in which function f(x) = sin4x + cos4x in [ 0, /2] is increasing or
decreasing.
Find the intervals in which function f(x) = sin 3x , x [ 0,/2] is increasing or
decreasing.
TANGENTS AND NORMALS
13.
14.
15.
16.
Find a point on the parabola f(x) = (x3)2, where the tangent is parallel to the chord
joining the points, (3,0) and (4,1)
Prove that the curves y2 = 4ax and xy = c2 cut at right angles, if c4 = 32a4.
At what points will the tangent to the curve y = 2x3 15x2 + 36x 21 be parallel to xaxis
? Also find the equations of the tangents to the curve at these points.
Find the equations of the normals to the curve3x2 y2 = 8 parallel to the line x + 3y = 4.
APPROXIMATIONS
17.
18.
19.
(4 MARKS)
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
(4 MARKS )
( 6 MARKS )
A rectangle is inscribed in a semicircle of radius r with one of its sides on the diameter of
the semicircle. Find the dimensions of the rectangle , so that its area is maximum. Also
find maximum area.
An open tank with a square base and vertical sides is to be constructed from a metal sheet
so as to hold a given quantity of water. Show that the cost of the material will be the least
when the depth of the tank is half of its width.
An open box with a square base is to be made out of a given quantity of sheet of area a2
s.u.. Show that the maximum volume of the box is a3 /63 c.u.
A window is in the form of a rectangle above which there is a semicircle. If the
perimeter of the window is p cm. Show that the window will allow the maximum
possible light only when the radius of the semicircle is p/(+4)
Find the absolute maximum value and the absolute minimum value for the function f(x) =
4x x2/2
Show that the right circular cone of least curved surface and given volume has an altitude
equal to 2 times the radius of the base.
A wire of length 36 cm is cut into two pieces. One of the pieces is turned in the form of a
square and the other in the form of an equilateral triangle. Find the length of each piece
so that the sum of the areas of the two be minimum.
Show that the semivertical angle of a right circular cone of maximum volume and given
slant height is tan12
Prove that the volume of the largest cone that can be inscribed in a sphere of radius R is
8/27 of the volume of the sphere.
Show that volume of greatest cylinder which can be inscribed in a cone of height h and
semi vertical angle is (4/27) h3 tan2.
1.
(4,11),(4,31/3)
2.
0.4 cm/sec
3.
6 cm3/sec
4.
3/(8) cm/sec
5.
66.
6.
7.
(,1/2)U(1/2,)and (
9.
in (0, /4)U(5/4,2) and (
1/2,1/2){0}
10.
5
4 , 4
11.
( 4 , 2 ) and (0, 4 )
12.
13.
(0, 6 ) and ( 6 , 2 )
7
2
1
4)
15.
16. x + 3y = 8 ; x + 3y = 8
17.
0.1924
18. 34.995
19.
0.32 cm2/sec
20
r
2 units, 2 r units, r2sq.units
24.
ab.max is 8 at x=4, ab
INTEGRATION
LEVELWISE GRADED QUESTIONS
LEVEL 1.
1. Evaluate:
2. Evaluate:
ANS.
.Ans.
3. Evaluate:
4. Write a value of
5. .Evaluate:
Ans.
. Ans.
6. Evaluate:
7. Evaluate:
8. . Evaluate :
LEVEL 2.
1.Find f(x) satisfying the following :
Ans. F(x) = tan x
2.Evaluate :
Ans.
5.Evaluate:
Ans.
Ans. zero
6. Evaluate:
7. .Evaluate:
8. Evaluate.
LEVEL 3.
1. Evaluate :
Ans.
2. Evaluate:
Ans
Ans. Secx
5.Evaluate:
5. Evaluate:
7.. Evaluate
6. Evaluate:
7. Evaluate:
8. Evaluate:
9. Evaluate:
APPLICATIONS OF INTEGRALS
1. Find the area enclosed by circle the
2. Find the area enclosed by ellipse the
3. Find the area of the region in the first quadrant enclosed by xaxis, the line
and the
circle
4. Find the area of the region bounded by
5. Find the area bounded by the curves
6. Sketch the graph
and
8. Find the area lying above xaxis and included between the circle
the parabola
and inside of
9. Find the area of the region enclosed between the two circles
and
and
and
12. Using the method of the integration find the area of the region bounded by the triangle
whose vertices are (1,0), (1,3) and (3,2).
13. Using the method of the integration find the area of the region bounded by the lines
and
and
10. Ans.
16. Ans.
11. Ans.
14. Ans.
and
8. Ans.
Differential Equations
4:Marks
Q1 . Form the differential equation of the family of Parabolas having vertex at origin and
axis along positive y axis ?
Q2. Find the particular solution satisfying the given condition of differential equation(X3+X2+X+1)dy/dx = 2X2+X :
Q7: Solve :
= + tan
6: Marks
Q:8 Solve
y dy
y
x cos y cos
x dx
x
Q:9 Solve : x
dy
y x2 y 2
dx
ye y dx xe y2 dy
y
Q:12 Solve
Q:13 When the invest is compounded continuously the amount of money invested
increases at a rate proportional to its size. If Rs 1000 are invested at 10% compounded
continuously in how many years will the original invested double itself ?
Q:14 Experiments show that radium disintegrates at a rate proportional to the amount of
radium present at the moment. Its halflife that is the time in which 50% of a given
amount will disappear in 1590 years . What percent will disappear in one year ?
1 .xdy/dx 2y = 0
2.
Y = 1/4log[(X+1)2(X2+1)3]1/2tan1X
3 .aebx+beax+abc =0
4.
tan1y/x + log(X2+Y2)1/2
5. X2 y = (X22)sinx+ 2xcosx+C
6.
y= 1 
7. sin
sin( ) = logcx
= Cx
8.
9. y + (x2+y2)1/2 = CX2
10.
x =( tan1y1)+Cetan1y
13.
2 years.
14. 0.04%.
LEVEL 1 (VECTORS)
and
are parallel
vectors.
(Ans: )
and
,   = 7 and 
(Ans:
 = 35 , find .
(Ans: 7)
and
(Ans:
5. Determine and such that the points (1, 3, 2) (4, 2 ,2) and (5, , ) lie on a straight
(Ans: = 5 and = 10)
line.
6. Show that the four points whose position vectors are
and 2i + 5j + 10k are coplanar.
LEVEL 2 (VECTORS)
if
and
(Ans:
and
2. If
orthogonal.
and
are
(Ans:
= 
)
,
and
)
 , show that
^
^
1 ^ ^
6. If a and b are unit vectors and is the angle between them, prove that sin a b
2 2
LEVEL 3 (VECTORS)
and
1. If
cosines of  2 .
2. Express
vector
Find (  5 ) . ( +7 ) .
4. If
(Ans: 0)
and
, show that
is parallel to
+ = 0 , prove that
and =
7. Prove that
= ( ) ( ) ( ) .
a and b .
(An.1/3)
.(An.
3.Find the equation of the plane passing through (3,4,2) ,(2,2,1) and (7,0,6)
.(An.9x+2y7z
21=0)
4. Find the equation of the line drawn from P(1,6,3) to the line
.(An.
)
5. Find the angle between the line
the plane
(2 
( +
= 4
+ )
and
.(An.
6.Find the equation of the plane determined by the points A(3,1,2),B(5,2,4) and (1,1,6).Also
find the distance of the point P(6,5,9) from the plane. .
(An.3x4y+3z19=0 and
)
7. Find the vector equation of a line whose Cartesian equation is
8.Find the equation of the plane passing through the point(3,3,1) and perpendicular to the line
joining(3,4,1) and (2,1,5) .
(An.x+5y6z18=0)
(An.
10. Find the equation of the plane which passes through the point (3,4,1) and parallel to the
plane
2x3y+5z+7=0
(An. 2x3y+5z+11=0 )
11. If the coordinates of the points A, B, C and D be (1, 2, 3), (4, 5, 7), (4, 3, 6) and (2, 9, 2)
respectively, then find the angle between the line AB and CD. (An.ABleCD)
x
y
z
x
y
z
=
=
and =
= . ( An.
1
0
1
3
5
4
1
= cos 1 )
5
x 1
y2
z 3
x 1
y 1
z6
=
=
and
=
=
are
3
2k
3k
5
2
1
10
)
7
14. Find the vector equation of the straight line passing through
(1, 2, 3) and perpendicular to
15. Find the equation of the plane passing through the intersection of the planes 2x y + z = 10
and x 2y + 2z = 12 and parallel to the line with direction ratios 1,2,3
( An.= x y z 2 0 )
Level 2
1. Find the direction cosines of the line passing through the points (2,4,5) and (1,2,3) ( An.= )
2. Find the value of so that lines
and
are
x+y+4z=6 ( An.(1,1,1)
5. Show that the lines
cuts yz plane. (
An.(0,11,9) )
8. Find the equation of the line passing through the point (1,2,4) and perpendicular to the lines
and
( An.
9.Show that the four points (0,1,1),(4,4,4)(4,5,1) and (3,9,4) are coplanar. Find the equation of
the plane containing them.(An.5x7y+11z+4=0)
10. Find the equation of the plane through (3,4,1) and parallel to the plane
( An.2x3y+5z+11=0)
11. Find the equation of the plane passing through the point (1, 3, 2)
and perpendicular to each of the plane
8y + 3z + 25 = 0. )
12. Find the angle between the planes r . (3 i  4 j + 5 k ) = 0 and
r . (2 i  j  2 k ) = 0.
(An. = 90.)
13. If the points (1, 1, k) and (3, 0 , 1) be equidistant from the plane
7
14. Find the equation of the plane through the points(1,1,0) and (1,6,5) and
the plane 5x + 3y 17z =10. (An. 4x y + z = 3)
perpendicular to
15. Find the shortest distance between the lines whose vector equations are
r (3 t )i (4 2t ) j (t 2)k and
35 )
Level 3
1. Write the direction cosines of a line equally inclined to the three coordinate axes. (An. )
2. Find the points on the line
(An. )
3. Find the image of the point (1,2,3) in the plane x+2y+4z=38. (An. )
4. Find the equation of the plane passing through the points (1,2,3),(0,1,0) and parallel to the line
. (An. )
5. Find the Cartesian as well as vector equation of the plane passing through the intersection of
the planes
and
. (An. )
measured parallel to
. (An. )
and
11. Find the angle between the lines whose direction ratios are a, b, c and bc, ca, ab.
(An )
12. Find the distance between the planes r . ( i + 2 j + 3 k ) + 7 = 0 and r .(2 i +4 j +6 k )+7=0.
(An. )
13. Find the equation of the plane passing through the intersection of
15. Find the equation of the plane which contains the line of intersection of the planes
r . ( i + 2 j + 3 k ) 4 = 0 and
r . (5 i + 3 j  6 k ) + 8 = 0. . (An. )
16. Find the distance of the point (1, 5 , 10) from the point of intersection of the line
r . ( i  j + 2 k ) = 5 and
r . (3 i + j + k ) = 6.
18. Find the vector equation of a line passing through the point (1, 2, 4) and perpendicular to
two lines
L1
x 8 y 19 z 10
x 15 y 29 z 5
and L2
3
16
7
3
8
5
xb
zd
, y
.
a
c
xb y 0 z d
a
1
c
a i + j + c k is parallel to the line l1.
l2 : y
x b1
z d1
,
.
y
c1
a1
x b1 y 0 z d 1
, a i + j + c k is parallel to the line l2.
1
a1
c1
l1 isr l2 .
(a i + j + c k ) .(a i + j + c k ) = 0.
aa + 1 + c c = 0.
20. If a variable plane at a constant distance p from the origin meets the coordinates axis at A,
B, C respectively. Through these points, planes are drawn parallel to the coordinate planes.
Then show that the focus of point of intersection is
1
1
1
1
2 2 2 .The equation of a
2
x
y
z
p
Z
C
(0 , b , 0)
p=
(0 , 0 , c)
1
1
1
2 2
2
a
b
c
1
1
1
1
2 2 2
2
p
a
b
c
(a , 0 , 0)
1
1
1
1
2 2 2.
2
p
x
y
z
21. If from a point p (a, b, c) perpendicular PA and PB are drawn to yz and zx planes then find
the vector equation of a plane OAB.
Solution: The coordinates of A = (0, b, c)
[The point A is the feet of the erfrom P to yz plane)
The coordinates of B = (a, 0, c)
[The point B is the feet of the erfrom P to zx plane)
Required equation of a plane is
x0
y0 z0
1
1
1
Its vector equation is r i j k 0 .
b
c
a
22. A variable plane is at a constant distance p from the origin and meets the axis in A, B and C
respectively, then show that the focus of the centroid of the triangle ABC is
Solution:
x y z
1
a b c
1
1
1
9
2 2 2.
2
x
y
z
p
1
1
1
1
2 2
2
a
b
c
=p
1
1
1
1
2 2 2
2
a
b
c
p
[1]
a b c
The centroid of the ABC is , , .
3 3 3
Since it is the moving point, replace x by
or 3x = a, 3y = b, 3z = c.
1
1
1
1
2 2 2
2
9x
9y
9z
p
a
b
c
, y by and z by
3
3
3
1
1
1
9
2 2 2.
2
x
y
z
p
Manufacturing Problem
LEVEL I
1
A manufacturing company makes two models A and B of a product. Each piece of Model
A requires 9 labour hours for fabricating and 1 labour hour for finishing. Each piece of
Model B requires 12 labour hours for fabricating and 3 labour hours for finishing. For
fabricating and finishing, the maximum labour hours available are 180 and 30
respectively. The company makes a profit of Rs 8000 on each piece of model A and Rs
12000 on each piece of Model B. How many
pieces of Model A and Model B should be manufactured per week to realise a maximum
profit? What is the maximum profit per week?
( 12 , 6 , Rs.168000)
A manufacturer makes two types of toys A and B. Three machines are needed for this
purpose and the time (in minutes) required for each toy on the machines is given below:
Types of Toys
Machines
I
II
III
12
18
6
A
6
0
9
B
Each machine is available for a maximum of 6 hours per day. If the profit on each toy of
type A is Rs 7.50 and that on each toy of type B is Rs 5, show that 15 toys of type A and
30 of type B should be manufactured in a day to get maximum profit.
LEVEL II
A manufacturer produces nuts and bolts. It takes 1 hour of work on machine A and 3
hours on machine B to produce a package of nuts. It takes 3 hours on machine A and 1
hour on machine B to produce a package of bolts. He earns a profit of Rs17.50 per
package on nuts and Rs 7.00 per package on bolts. How many packages of each should
be produced each day so as to maximise his profit, if he operates his machines for at the
most 12 hours a day? ( 3,3, Rs.73.5)
A company manufactures two types of novelty souvenirs made of plywood. Souvenirs of
type A require 5 minutes each for cutting and 10 minutes each for assembling. Souvenirs
of type B require 8 minutes each for cutting and 8 minutes each for assembling. There are
3 hours 20 minutes available for cutting and 4 hours for assembling. The profit is Rs 5
each for type A and Rs 6 each for type B souvenirs. How many souvenirs of each type
should the company manufacture in order to maximise the profit?
( 8,20,
Rs.160)
LEVEL III
5
A manufacturer has three machines I, II and III installed in his factory. Machines I and II
are capable of being operated for at most 12 hours whereas machine III must be operated
for atleast 5 hours a day. She produces only two items M and N each requiring the use of
all the three machines. The number of hours required for producing 1 unit of each of M
and N on the three machines are given in the following table:
Items
Number of hours
required on
machines
M
N
I
1
2
II
2
1
III
1
1.25
She makes a profit of Rs 600 and Rs 400 on items M and N respectively. How many of
each item should she produce so as to maximise her profit assuming that she can sell all
the items that she produced? What will be the maximum profit?
( 4,4, Rs.4000)
A toy company manufactures two types of dolls, A and B. Market tests and available
resources have indicated that the combined production level should not exceed 1200
dolls per week and the demand for dolls of type B is at most half of that for dolls of type
A. Further, the production level of dolls of type A can exceed three times the production
of dolls of other type by at most 600 units. If the company makes profit of Rs 12 and Rs
16 per doll respectively on dolls A and B, how many of each should be produced weekly
in order to maximise the profit?
( 800,400, Rs.16000)
Diet Problem
LEVEL ll
8
A diet for a sick person must contain at least 4000 units of vitamins, 50 units of minerals
and 1400 units f calories . Two foods and A and B are available at a cost of Rs.5 and Rs.
4 per unit respectively. One unit of food A contains 200 units of vitamins ,1 unit of
mineral and 40 units of calories , while one unit of food B contains 100 units of vitamins
,2 units of minerals and 40 units of calories . Find what combination of the foods A and
B should be used to have least cost , but it must satisfy the requirements of the sick
person . Form the question as LPP and solve graphically. Explain the importance of
balanced diet.
(Ans.5 units of food A and 30 units of food B to have a minimum cost of Rs.
145.Balanced diet provides the necessary nutrients to the body which help in providing
the necessary energy and proper growth and functioning of the body)
A dietician wishes to mix two types of food in such a way that the vitamin contents of the
mixture contain at least 8 units of vitamin A and 10 units of vitamin C. Food I contains
2units/kg of vitamin A and 1 unit/kg of vitamin C, while food II contains 1 unit/kg of
vitamin A and 2 units/kg of vitamin C. It costs Rs.50 per kg to purchase food I and Rs.70
per kg to purchase food II. Formulate this problem as a linear programming problem to
minimize the cost of such mixture. Why should a person take balanced food? ( 2 kg,4
kg, Rs.380)
10
11
A dietician has to develop a special diet using two foods P and Q. Each packet
(containing 30 g) of food P contains 12 units of calcium, 4 units of iron, 6 units of
cholesterol and 6 units of vitamin A. Each packet of the same quantity of food Q contains
3 units of calcium, 20 units of iron, 4 units of cholesterol and 3 units of vitamin A. The
diet requires at least 240 units of calcium, at least 460 units of iron and at most 300 units
of cholesterol. How many packets of each food should be used to minimize the amount
of vitamin A in the diet? What is the minimum amount of vitamin A?
AllocationProblem
LEVEL II
12
13
A cooperative society of farmers has 50 hectare of land to grow two crops X and Y. The
profit from crops X and Y per hectare are estimated as Rs 10,500 and Rs 9,000
respectively. To control weeds, a liquid herbicide has to be used for crops X and Y at
rates of 20 liters and 10 liters per hectare. Further, no more than 800 liters of herbicide
should be used in order to protect fish and wild life using a pond which collects drainage
from this land. How much land should be allocated to each crop so as to maximize the
total profit of the society?
( 30,20, Rs.495000)
A fruit grower can use two types of fertilizer in his garden, brand P and brand Q. The
amounts (in kg) of nitrogen, phosphoric acid, potash, and chlorine in a bag of each brand
are given in the table. Tests indicate that the garden needs at least 240 kg of phosphoric
acid, at least 270 kg of potash and at most 310 kg of chlorine.
kg per bag
Brand Q
Brand P
Nitrogen
3
3.5
Phosphoric acid
1
2
Potash
3
1.5
Chlorine
1.5
2
If the grower wants to minimize the amount of nitrogen added to the garden, how many
bags of each brand should be used? What is the minimum amount of nitrogen added in
the garden? If the grower wants to maximise the amount of nitrogen added to the garden,
how many bags of each brand should be added? What is the maximum amount of
nitrogen added?
( 40,100, 470 kg)
LEVEL III
14
Transportation Problem
LEVELIII
15
16
17
Two godowns A and B have grain capacity of 100 quintals and 50 quintals respectively.
They supply to 3 ration shops, D, E and F whose requirements are 60, 50 and 40 quintals
respectively. The cost of transportation per quintal from the godowns to the shops are
given in the following table:
Transportation
cost per quintal
(in Rs)
A
B
From/To
D
6
4
E
3
2
F
2.5
3
How should the supplies be transported in order that the transportation cost is minimum?
What is the minimum cost?
( Ans.From A : 10 , 50 , 40 units ;From B : 50 , 0 , 0
units to D,E,F respectively and minimum cost = Rs. 510)
An oil company has two depots A and B with capacities of 7000 L and 4000 L
respectively. The company is to supply oil to three petrol pumps, D, E and F whose
requirements are 4500L, 3000L and 3500L respectively. The distances(in km) between
the depots and the petrol pumps is given in the following table:
Distance in (km.)
From / To
A
B
D
7
3
E
6
4
F
3
2
Assuming that the transportation cost of 10 litres of oil is Re 1 per km, how should the
delivery be scheduled in order that the transportation cost is minimum? What is the
minimum cost?
(Ans.From A : 500 , 3000 , 3500 litres ;From B : 4000 , 0 , 0
litres to D,E,F respectively and minimum cost = Rs. 4400)
There are two factories located one at place P and the other at place Q. From these
locations, a certain commodity is to be delivered to each of the three depots situated at A,
B and C. The weekly requirements of the depots are respectively 5, 5 and 4 units of the
commodity while the production capacity of the factories at P and Q are respectively 8
and 6 units. The cost of transportation per unit is given below:
Cost (in Rs)
A
B
C
From/To
P
160
100
150
Q
100
120
100
How many units should be transported from each factory to each depot in order that the
transportation cost is minimum. What will be the minimum transportation cost?
(Ans.From P : 0 , 5 , 3 units ;From Q : 5 , 0 , 1 units to A , B , C respectively and
minimum cost = Rs. 1550)
PROBABILITY
CONDITIONAL PROBABILITY
LEVEL I
A fair die is rolled. Consider events E = {1,3,5}, F = {2,3} and G = {2,3,4,5}
Find
(i) P(EF) and P(FE)
(ii) P(EG) and P(GE)
F)G) and P ((E F)G)
( &1/3 &2/3 &1/4)
(iii) P((E
LEVEL II
Assume that each born child is equally likely to be a boy or a girl. If a family has two
children, what is the conditional probability that both are girls? Given
(i) the youngest is a girl
(ii) at least one is a girl
( , 1/3)
A couple has two children,
(i) Find the probability that both children are males, if it is known that at least one of the
children is male.
(ii) Find the probability that both children are females, if it is known that the elder child is
a female.
(1/3 , )
In a hostel 40% of the students read Hindi newspaper, 60% read English newspaper and
20% read both Hindi and English newspaper. A student is selected at random.
(I)
Find the probability that he reads neither Hindi nor English newspaper.
(II)
If he reads Hindi newspaper, find the probability he reads English newspaper.
The number of students reading the Hindi newspaper should be increased
.Why?
( (i) 1/5 (ii) 1/2)
LEVEL III
An electronic assembly consists of two subsystems, say, A and B. From previous testing
procedures, the following probabilities are assumed to be known:
P(A fails) = 0.2
P(B fails alone) = 0.15
P(A and B fail) = 0.15
Evaluate the following probabilities
(i) P(A failsB has failed)
(ii) P(A fails alone)
(0.5 , 0.05)
Errors
Correction
*Children proved by
examples only verifying
without proving generally.
Chapter  II (Inverse
Trignometric functions)
1) Prove that the given relation is
equivalent.
In finding
Inverse
1.While applying
the elementary
operations up to
some steps row
operations
afterwards column
operations they
use.
2. from word
finding difficult to
convert into
equations
SUGGESTED REMEDIES
Def of continuity to be
drilled
Teaching basics of logarithm
Emphasis on concept
Drilling of concept
ERROR ANALYSIS
INTEGRALS
ERRORS COMMITTED BY STUDENTS:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8
9
SUGGETED REMEDIES
Drilling in conversion of different
kinds of problems.
Drilling in conversion of different
kinds of word problems.
Give emphasis on conversion of word
problems to mathematical terms
Reminding again and again
Give sufficient practice .
Teacher insists the correctness with
maximum practice.
Do many problems involving such
questions
SUGGETED REMEDIES
More practice of questions of various
types .
Drilling in conversion of different
kinds of problems
More practice of such questions
Drilling in such problems
More concentration and attention.
More practice of such questions
More practice of such questions
More practice to be given
Emphasis on writing the final answer.
Reminding again and again
row cofactors write second and third row elements in order starting from second
element i.e
gives
similarly second
row cofactors
gives
row cofactors
gives
for third
(Appx.) and
= f(x) +
(Appx.)
INTEGRATION
TIPS AND TECHNIQUES
1. Drilling of formulae (direct formulae, trig. Formulas, etc.) has to be done.
2. Insist to write the relevant formulae as it carry 1 mark
3. To teach integration start with simple questions before starting
Text book questions
1. Differentiation of fns ,and integration of same fns to be repeated in the initial teaching of
the topic.
2. Direct substitutions related qns, more drilling can be given for slow learners
3. Integration by parts, ILATE can be used for choosing first and second fns
4. Slips test based on one or two concepts with variation in questions can be given
periodically.
5. During remedial classes questions of level 1 must be worked out by the students.
6. HOW TO REMEMBER THE FORMULAE:
Make them to learn the dr. formulas, and for Nr. Formulas make them to repeat as
below given.
log 
1) LHS =
2) LHS =
3)
log 
7. Selected patterns from board qn. Papers can be solved at the end of the topic.
8. For recapitulation make the students to draw concept mapping .
Train to identify the question (whether independent events or Bayes theorem or Binomial
distribution)
Train to convert word problem to mathematical terms
Maximum practice to be given to Bayes theorem as it is a question of 6 marks
Train to identify the values of n , p and q for questions on binomial distribution
Insist to attempt the value based questions for both 4 marks and 6 marks and to write the
answer in a sentence , rather than writing in a single word
Make the student to practice thoroughly all the problems of NCERT text book first.
To work out maximum number of extra problems from various reference books and
sample papers
To work out previous year board question papers and sample papers.