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UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA

PROGRESS REPORT FORM FOR FINAL YEAR RESEARCH PROJECT 1 (CHE687 / CBE694)
(EH220, EH221 & EH222)

Name: Ariena Shazwani Kamaludin


ID:
2013402506
Supervisor: Prof Dr Ayub Md Som
Title: Performance Study on Plant Based Coagulant to Treat Electroplating Waste Water
Summary of Journal
TITLE

YEARS /
AUTHOR

SOURCE /
NAME OF
JOURNAL

PROBLEM
STATEMENT

TECHNIQUE /
METHODOLOGY

REMARK/FINDINGS

CONCLUSION &
RECOMMENDATION

Dragon Fruit
Foliage
Plant-Based
Coagulant for
Treatment of
Concentrated
Latex
Effluent:
Comparison
of Treatment
with Ferric
Sulfate

Juferi Idris et
al.
(2013)

Journal of
Chemistry,
Hindawi
Publishing
Coorperation

One of the
disadvantage
of using
chemical
coagulant is
high
procurement
cost which
advantage to
plant-based
coagulant
which produce
biodegradable
solid waste

pH value and
temperature were
determined using pH
meter (HACH
model). Thorns of
dragon fruit foliage
were removed and
the foliage
subsequently
washed, cut and
dried at 80C.then
blend into powder.
In coagulation jar test
experiment, 6
beakers containing
500mL of latex
effluent were
prepared.
Suspended solid
were carried out with
the aid of vacuum
filtration apparatus.

The foliage content


43.1% C, 3.8% N, 2.9%
H. Denser and larger
flocculate clearly appear
after coagulation process
by using dragon fruit
foliage.effective dosage
500mg/L. COD, SS and
turbidity removal
percentage for effluent
pH 10, at 94.7, 88.9 and
99.7 % respectively.

The foliage showed


high COD removal
percentage but could
not reduce the COD
concentration to less
than standard B limit,
suggested that it
could be used as pretreatment stage of
Malaysian latex
effluent.

UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA

PROGRESS REPORT FORM FOR FINAL YEAR RESEARCH PROJECT 1 (CHE687 / CBE694)
(EH220, EH221 & EH222)
COD test were
performed according
to HACH reactor
digestion procedure.
BOD experiment
carried out using
respirometric
method. Value of
ammonia-nitrogen
was determined
using DR 2400
spectrophotometer.
CHN analysis using
CHNS/O analyzer.
Zeta potential of
dragon fruit foliage
measure using
Malvern Zetasizer
3000.
A
Preliminary
Study of
Banana
Stem Juice
as Plant
BasedCoagulant
for
Treatment of
Spent
Coolant
Waste Water

Habsah Alwi et
al.
(2013)

Journal of
Chemistry,
Hindawi
Publishing
Coorperation

One of the
disadvantage
of using
chemical
coagulant is
high
procurement
cost which
advantage to
plant-based
coagulant
which produce
biodegradable
solid waste

100g of small pieces


of the pith mixed with
distilled water- juice
is collected
Coagulation jar testpH measure-SS
measured using
glass fiber disk
filtration methodturbidity test-COD
test-CHN analysisinulin analysis

Volume of spent coolant


waste water 300mL and
banana stem juice 50 mL.
pH 7 found to be good pH
for efficient removal of
COD,SS and turbidity.
In the treatment of
synthetic kaolin waste
water, cactus Opuntia is
used as coagulant and
found that optimum pH is
at 10.

Plant based coagulant


has high potential in
treating waste water

Application
of Plant

G.
Vijayaraghavan,

International
Journal of

The usage of
chemical

NA

Characteristics and
mechanism of plant

Natural coagulants
are highly effective for

UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA

PROGRESS REPORT FORM FOR FINAL YEAR RESEARCH PROJECT 1 (CHE687 / CBE694)
(EH220, EH221 & EH222)
Based
Coagulants
for Waste
Water
Treatment

T. Sivakumar, A.
Vimal Kumar
(2011)

Advanced
Engineering
Research and
Studies

coagulant to
treat waste
water can give
detrimental
effect of
human health

based coagulant such as


Nirmali seeds, M.
oleifera, tannin, cactus,

the treatment of water


with low turbudity but
may not be feasible in
the case of
wastewaters with
extreme pH.

Emerging the
Usage of
Plant-Based
Coagulants
for Water and
Wastewater
Treatment

Chun Yang Ying


(2010)

Murdoch
Research
Repository,
Murdoch
University

Plant-based
NA
coagulant have
been used
many years
ago as pointof-use water
treatment
material, also
some studies
been done for
treatment of
industrial
wastewater.
However
comprehensive
critical analysis
of available
plant based
coagulant still
not adequate.

The overview of the


natural coagulant
sources, processes, and
mechanism involved in
water treatment.
Generally well knownnirmali seeds, moringa
oleifera, tannin and
cactus.

Natural coagulants are


highly effective for
treatment of waters
with low turbidity but
may not be feasible
with waste water with
extreme pH.

Biosorption
of Cr(VI)
from
Synthetic
Wastewater
Using the
Fruit Shell of
Gulmohar
(Delonix
regia):

AGD Prasad
and MA
Abdullah
(2010)

BioResources Conventional
method of
removing
heavy metals
such as
activated
carbon
adsorption and
etc have few
major

Complete removal of
Cr(VI) is under strongly
acidic condition (pH<3.0)
and negligible removal
when pH increased to 6.0
4g/L of gulmohars fruit
shell was contacted with
the waste water sample
for the time of two hours.

Gulmohars fruit shell


was found to be an
effective bioabsorbent
in removing Cr(VI)
from aqueous solution
and electroplating
wastewater.

The shell were


washed with 0.1M
HCl, and deionized
water to remove
impurities and
adhere particles on
the surface of the
adsorbent. The
shells were air-dried,
crushed and

UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA

PROGRESS REPORT FORM FOR FINAL YEAR RESEARCH PROJECT 1 (CHE687 / CBE694)
(EH220, EH221 & EH222)
disadvantages,
such as high
energy
requirement,
generation of
toxic sludge
that need
proper
disposal and
etc.

Application to
Electroplatin
g
Wastewater

powdered.
Waste water sample
is collected from after
the rinsing stage of
nickel/chromium
electroplating unit.
Batch biosorption
were carried out by
contaction 0.2g
adsorbent with 50mL
chromium solution.