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International Journal of Engineering Technology, Management and Applied Sciences

www.ijetmas.com December 2016, Volume 4, Issue 12, ISSN 2349-4476

Road Pavement Condition and its Effect on Tertiary


Institutions Academic staff
[1]

Tiza Michael, [2] Anand Kumar, [3]Avinash Kumar Patel


[1]
M. Tech Scholar, Department of Civil Engineering,
Career Point University, Kota, Rajasthan, (India).
[2] [3]
B. Tech Scholar, Department of Civil Engineering,
Career Point University, Kota, Rajasthan, (India).

ABSTRACT- This article presents findings on effect of poor road pavement condition on activities of academic staff of
tertiary institutions, a survey was conducted using well-structured questionnaires, main responsibilities of teaching staff
were considered and questions set in the scope of their responsibilities, result showed that road pavement condition has
very minimal or no impact on the activities of academic staff in tertiary institutions. From the research, it was seen that
about 69% of respondents could not change their jobs as a result of poor road condition /riding quality, 75% do not skip
their lectures, 71% could not change career path, 60% do not have the quality of their lectures affected, 62 % of the
respondents prefer the use of busses, 48% do not have their daily schedules affected due to road condition, 48% do not
have the quality of their lectures affected, 64% said road condition does not affect them in development of new methods
of teaching, It does not affect their personal research works, mentor /mentee relationship while 63% said it does not
affect checking and assessment of students works. These results have been presented in form of pie charts for easy
understanding.

INTRODUCTION
Many factors are responsible for the performance of academic staff in tertiary institutions, among the many
factors which may actually be numerous ranging from financial, academic, physical, psychological
considerations and many more, the research was geared towards the effect of poor road condition in which
academic staff travel on continuously at least six days in a week. It was thought that possibly the road
condition in which academic staff travel on could be of some effect on their efficacy, thus the need to explore
if road condition does really affect their primary responsibilities as academic staff of tertiary citadels of
learning.
AIM
The research is aimed at investigating the effect of poor road condition or riding quality on the efficacy of
academic staff of tertiary institutions.
RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
The research was conducted with the basic use of questionnaires, well-structured and very simple to
understand questions were set with direct options for answers, a total of 100 questionnaires were produced and
delivered however, 73 were received back successfully.
DATA PRESENTATION
All data obtained in from the questionnaires are presented as seen below.

43

Tiza Michael, Anand Kumar, Avinash Kumar Patel

International Journal of Engineering Technology, Management and Applied Sciences

www.ijetmas.com December 2016, Volume 4, Issue 12, ISSN 2349-4476

POSSIBLITY OF CHANGING JOB DUE


TO POOR ROAD CONDTION

POSSIBILITY OF SKIPPING LECTURES


4%
21%

11%

20%
75%

69%

Yes

No

Not Sure

Fig. 1 Possibility of changing Job

Yes

No

Not Sure

Fig. 2 Possibility of skipping lectures

From Fig. 1 above, it is obvious that very few tertiary staff will be willing to change their job due to poor road
condition, up 69% do not see poor road condition as a good enough reason to make them change their jobs.
Fig. 2. Shows the possibility of lecturers missing or skipping their normal scheduled lectures, about 75% has
it that their lectures are not affected by the condition of the road, with 4% consenting, and 21% not sure of the
possibility of such happening.

POSSIBILTY OF CHANGING CAREER


PATH

VICTIMS OF LATENESS DUE TO POOR


ROAD CONDITION

10%

6%
19%

49%
45%

71%

Yes

No

Yes

Not Sure

Fig. 3 Possibility of changing Career Path

No

Not Sure

Fig. 4 Victims of latenessdue to poor pavement

From Figure 3 shows result for the possibility of staff changing from their academic career path to any other
career path like industry due to poor road condition, as seen above about 71% feel road pavement condition is
not enough reason to change career pathwhile 19% could consider a change and 10% where not sure. This
shows that poor pavement condition may have little or no effect on change of career path of academic staff.
From Figure 4 it is seen that 49% have been victims of lateness on an occasion or more while 45% have never
been victims with the remaining 6% in the category of those who are not sure. This is to mean that poor
pavement condition only contributes minimally to the punctuality of academic staff.

44

Tiza Michael, Anand Kumar, Avinash Kumar Patel

International Journal of Engineering Technology, Management and Applied Sciences

www.ijetmas.com December 2016, Volume 4, Issue 12, ISSN 2349-4476

POSSIBILITY OF POOR ROAD


CONDITION AFFECTING LECTURE
PERFORMANCE

USE OF MEDICATION TO BE FIT

8%
8%

49%

32%
43%

60%

Yes

No

Not Sure

Fig. 5 Shows effect of poor road on lecture

Yes

No

Not Sure

Fig 6 Use of Medication due to fatigue

From Fig. 5 it is clear that 60% of the academic staff say that poor road condition does not have any
significant contribution to their performance in lectures, 32 % feel it does while 8% feels they are not sure,
and this means that poor road condition has only a minimal contribution to the quality/performance of
faculties in their lectures.
From Figure 6. About 49% use medication in order to be fit for their responsibilities while 43% do not and
8% are not sure if their use of medication occasionally is as a result of travelling on poor road condition.

CLASSIFICATION OF ROAD
CONDITIONS

LEVEL OF PERSONAL SAFETY

0% 4%
26%

33%

35%

14%

51%

37%

Excellent

Very Good

Poor

Very Poor

Good
Very Safe

Safe

Unsafe

Fig 7. Classification of road condition


Fig. 8 Level of Safety.
The question had options of Excellent, Very good, Good, poor and Very poor. From Fig. 7 It is seen that
37% of the academic staff said that the road condition they travel on to and fro daily is poor, 33% said they

45

Tiza Michael, Anand Kumar, Avinash Kumar Patel

International Journal of Engineering Technology, Management and Applied Sciences

www.ijetmas.com December 2016, Volume 4, Issue 12, ISSN 2349-4476

use good, 26% said it is very poor, 4 % said it is very good. It can be generalised that most of the respondents
travelled on poor road conditions to and fro their places of works.
Fig 8 shows the level of safety individuals feel travelling on the routes they use daily to work, 14% felt very
safe, 51% felt safe and 35% felt unsafe. It could be said that generally, the respondents felt safe travelling
their daily routes to and fro the University.
PREFERRED MODAL CHOICE

EFFECT ROAD CONDITION ON DAILY


SCHEDULE

11%

10%
22%
42%

62%
48%
5%

Busses

Auto rick Shaw

Personal cars

Others

Yes

Fig. 9 preferred modal choice

No

Not Sure

Fig. 10. Effect of road condition on daily Schedule

As seen it fig. 9, it is clear that most of the staff prefer the use of busses for movement to and fro the
University this amounted to 62% of the respondents, 22% preferred the use of personal cars, 5% prefer Autorickshaws. It can be concluded that majority of the respondents preferred the use of Busses to other means of
transportation.
In fig. 10 it is seen that 48% of the respondents have their daily schedule affected due to road condition while
42% are not, while 10% of the respondents are not sure if road condition affects their daily schedules or not.
EFFECT OF ROAD CONDITION
ON QUALITY OF YOUR
LECTURES

EFFECT ON ABILITY TO DEVELOP


AND IMPLEMENT NEW METHODS OF
TEACHING

10%
8%
42%

28%

48%
64%

Yes

No

Not Sure

Fig. 11 Effect of Road condition on


of lectures

46

Yes

No

Not Sure

Fig. 12 Effect on ability to develop new teaching quality


methods

Tiza Michael, Anand Kumar, Avinash Kumar Patel

International Journal of Engineering Technology, Management and Applied Sciences

www.ijetmas.com December 2016, Volume 4, Issue 12, ISSN 2349-4476

From Figure 11. It is seen that 48% of respondents have it that road condition affects their quality of lectures,
42% said it does not and 10% are not sure if it does or not. It can be seen that road pavement condition has
only a minimal effect on the quality of lectures delivered by faculties.
Fig. 12 shows that 64% of respondents said road condition does not affect their development and
implementation of new methods of teaching, 28% thinks otherwise while 8% were not sure at all. It can be
concluded here that road pavement condition does not or at most has very minimal effect on development/
implementation of new methods of inculcating knowledge to students.
EFFECT OF POOR ROAD CONDITION
ON MENTOR/MENTEE RELATIONSHIP

15%

EFFECT OF ROAD CONDITION ON


PERSONAL RESEARCH

8%

21%

64%

64%

Yes

No

28%

Not Sure

Yes

No

Not Sure

Fig. 13 Effect on poor road condition on


Fig. 14 Effect of road condition on research
Mentorship
One of the major responsibilities of academic staff is to help mentor the younger generation, teach them both
academic and other morals that would make the students responsible citizens0 and ambassadors of their
nation. It was sought to see if the relationship between faculties and students is in any way affected due to
travelling on poor road conditions.
From fig.13 It is seen that 64% of the respondents are not have their mentor / mentee relationship affected due
to poor road condition. About 21% of the respondents feel poor road condition affects their relationship with
their mentees.
Research is a key requirement of academic staff in tertiary institutions, promotions and other benefits are
dependent on number of academic publications in reputable journals in ideal Universities. It was intended to
know if poor road condition has in any way affected the personal research of the staff, results shows as seen in
fig. 14 that 64% think their personal research have not been affected, 28% thinks it has while 8% were on
neutral grounds. It is concluded that research ability of academic staff is generally not affected by poor road
condition, it however has very minimal impact.

EFFECT OF POOR ROAD ON MARKING /


ASSESSMENT.
12%
25%
63%

Yes

No

Not Sure

Fig. 15 Effect of poor roads on Checking/ assessment of students.

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Tiza Michael, Anand Kumar, Avinash Kumar Patel

International Journal of Engineering Technology, Management and Applied Sciences

www.ijetmas.com December 2016, Volume 4, Issue 12, ISSN 2349-4476

One primary responsibility of academic staff is checking the students academic performance and as well
assesses them based on the various criteria of the University or governing Academic body of a nation. It was
intended to know if this activity is affected in any way due to plying on bad roads daily to and fro University.
The result has it that 63% are not affected, 25% are while 12% were not sure. It can be concluded that poor
road condition has only a very minimal impact on academic staff activities.
RESULT DISCUSSION
From the research, it was seen that about 69% of respondents could not change their jobs as a result of poor
road condition /riding quality, 75% do not skip their lectures, 71% could not change career path, 60% do not
have the quality of their lectures affected, 62 % of the respondents prefer the use of busses, 48% do not have
their daily schedules affected due to road condition, 48% do not have the quality of their lectures affected,
64% said road condition does not affect them in development of new methods of teaching, It does not affect
their personal research works, mentor /mentee relationship while 63% said it does not affect checking and
assessment of students works.
CONCLUSION
It is concluded through careful analysis of data obtained that the condition of road has no significant effect on
the efficacy of academic staff of tertiary institutions. It may only have a minimal negligible effect on very
specific little areas.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
The authors would like to deeply appreciate the staff/ faculty of Career Point University for the permission to
conduct the survey, who also created time to give their sincere responses to the questionnaires used in this
article.
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Tiza Michael, Anand Kumar, Avinash Kumar Patel

International Journal of Engineering Technology, Management and Applied Sciences

www.ijetmas.com December 2016, Volume 4, Issue 12, ISSN 2349-4476


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ABOUT THE AUTHORS

TIZA MICHAEL
(B.Engr., BBS, MBA, Aff. M. ASCE, ASS.M. UACSE, M. IAENG. M.ITE, S.M. NSE).
He obtained B.Engr. (Civil Engineering) from Federal University of Agriculture Makurdi Nigeria, MBA
(Construction Management) in India and Bachelor of Biblical Studies (BBS) from Canada; He is currently
pursuing M. Tech (Transportation Engineering) from Career Point University Kota India. He has published
many articles in accredited and recognised journals of national and international repute. He has presented his
research in multiple International conferences. He is a member of different professional bodies across the
globe.
Please click the link below to follow his research works https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Tiza_Toryila

ANAND KUMAR is a B. Tech student from Career Point University Kota, India. He has published in Journal
of International repute and has presented in an International conference
Please click the link below to follow his research works
https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Anand_Kumar204

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Tiza Michael, Anand Kumar, Avinash Kumar Patel

International Journal of Engineering Technology, Management and Applied Sciences

www.ijetmas.com December 2016, Volume 4, Issue 12, ISSN 2349-4476

AVINASH KUMAR PATEL is a B. Tech student from Career Point University Kota, India.
Please click the link below to follow his research works https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Avinash_Patel10

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Tiza Michael, Anand Kumar, Avinash Kumar Patel