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SAINT MARYS UNIVERSITY

Bayombong, Nueva Vizcaya


SCHOOL of ENGINEERING & ARCHITECTURE

A REPORT ON THE SEMINAR ATTENDED ON

FLUID MECHANICS/HYDRAULICS LABORATORY WORKSHOP held at the


COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING, JOSE MARIA COLLEGE, DAVAO CITY on
OCTOBER 21-23, 2010

PROCEEDINGS:

Day 1. October 21, 2010 (Thursday)


The seminar proper started at 7:30 am for the Registration of participants. I was still at Manila
since my scheduled flight was at 7:55 am. And, unfortunately, the flight was delayed for 30
minutes because of air traffic congestion.
My plane landed safely at Davao City International Airport at exactly 10:44 am. Since the venue
(Jose Maria College) is just a stones throw away from the airport, so I arrived there at around 11
a.m. The participants are already performing the second experiment (14 experiments all in all).
Engr. Walden Rio advised me to perform the first laboratory experiment on the last day after the
seminar.
Before the experiments, the participants were oriented by introducing the various laboratory
equipment of the school (JMC). I was able to get a photocopy of the List of Laboratory Equipment
(minimum requirements as per CHED) for BSCE program fir the subject Fluid
Mechanics/Hydraulics. (see attached list page 3-4).
The laboratory experiments were conducted and facilitated by Engr. Rodolfo V. Ocate, who also
distributed to the participants a Laboratory Manual in Fluid Mechanics/Hydraulics.
A total of five laboratory experiments were performed on Day 1, namely:
Experiment No. 1: Density Determination by Volumetric Method
Experiment No.2:

Determination of Volume by Weighing

Experiment No. 3: Viscosity of Liquid by Method of Falling Sphere


Experiment No. 4: Specific Gravity by U-Tube Manometer
Experiment No. 5: Hydrostatic Center of Pressure in a Submerged Gate

Day 2. October 22, 2010 (Friday)


The second day was all laboratory experiments. A total of 5 experiments were performed,
namely:
Experiment No. 6: Coefficient of Discharge of Orifice under Falling Head
Experiment No.7:

Metacentric Height of a Floating Body

Experiment No. 8: Coefficient of Discharge of Orifice by Projectile


Experiment No. 9: Determination of Density of Solid by Buoyancy

Experiment No. 10: Laminar and Turbulent Flow in a Pipe

Day 3. October 23, 2010 (Saturday)


Only Four experiments were performed during this day, namely:
Experiment No. 11: Determination of Coefficients of Venturimeter
Experiment No. 12: Coefficient of Discharge in a Weir
Experiment No. 13: Friction Losses in a Series of Pipes
Experiment No. 14: Pipe Network Analysis using Computer Software

Problems Encountered
There were problems encountered in some of the experiments.
For Experiment No. 11, the result of the experiment was way beyond the expected values. Engr.
Ocate surmised that the reason is due to the incorrect fabrication and installation of the
venturimeter.
For Experiment No. 14, which is purely on the use of the computer program which Engr. Ocate
has developed, the results using the computer did not tally with the manual solution. Thus, he
did not distribute anymore the software. Engr. Ocate told the participants that he will just send us
the program through our e-mails.
Browsing over the Laboratory Manual that Engr. Ocate gave us, this participant found out that
there were so many typographical errors like in most formulas and figures.

Insights Gained during the Seminar


This participant has gained a lot in this seminar. For one, since I began teaching in this
University, I never had the chance to handle this subject. So, I had recalled so many things
(formulas, theoretical concepts in Hydraulics) which I can use in teaching this subject in the
future.
I have gained knowledge in the use of these laboratory equipment so I can demonstrate and
teach it to the Civil Engineering students who will be taking up this subject.

Submitted by:

Engr. Leonido A. Costales Jr.


SOEA Faculty

MINIMUM LABORATORY REQUIREMENT FOR BSCE PROGRAM


FLUID MECHANICS/HYDRAULICS
COMMISSION ON HIGHER EDUCATION
I. Mechanics of Fluids
Laboratory Exercises

1. Determination of Specific
Gravity using U-Tube

10.Pressure Head measurement


using manometer

14.Determination of Friction Loss

16.Identification of Laminar or
Turbulent flow using Reynolds
number

21.Discharge Measurement using


Venturimeter

27.Weir Calibration

32.Fall Velocity of Sphere

39.Determination of Pump
Efficiency

Specifications

Beaker or graduated cylinder


Funnels
Liquids of unknown specific
density
Manometer stand
Measuring stick
Mercury Liquid
Plastic or Glass U-tubing
Thermometer
Water, distilled
Liquid Mercury
Meter stick
Manometer, diff (plastic
tubing)
Pipe assembly or equivalent
Piezometer taps/ pressure
gages
Pipe assembly
Reynolds Apparatus
Stop watch
KMnO4 solution or equivalent
Volumetric/Gravimetric
Discharge Measurement
Piezometer taps w/
Manometer
Manometers
Meter stick
Pipe Assembly
Timing Device
Venturimeter
Volumetric/Gravimetric
Discharge Measurement
Flume Tilting
Hook gauge/ Measuring stick
Stop Watch
Set of Weirs
Volumetric/Gravimetric
Discharge Measurement
Balance
Caliper
Liquid Samples (3
samples/set)
Meter stick
Stop watch
Spherical ball 1/8 dia
Transparent cylinders 6
diameter x 24 or longer
Meter stick
Pump, motorized
Calibrated water tank,
elevated

Minimum
required
quantity **
5

Units

5
5

Pcs
Pcs

5
5

Pcs
Pcs

2
1

Pcs
Set

Set

2
2
500
2

Sets
Pcs
Ml
Sets

Sets

2
2
1
1
1
1

Pcs
Pcs
Set
Pc
Pc
Set

1
1
1
1
1

Set
Pc
Pc
Set
Set

1
2
2

Set
Pcs
Sets

2
2
6
6

Pcs
Pcs
Pcs
Pcs

1
1
1

Pc
Set
Set

Pcs

Pressure gages/Piezometer
taps
Stop watch
Thermometer

1
1

Pc
Pc

45.Wind Tunnel (optional)

MINIMUM LABORATORY REQUIREMENT FOR BSCE PROGRAM


FLUID MECHANICS/HYDRAULICS
COMMISSION ON HIGHER EDUCATION
II. Hydraulics
Laboratory Exercises

1. Discharge Measurement using


Volumetric tank

5. Discharge Measurement using


Different Types of Weirs

8. Discharge Measurement

15.Open channel Flow

19.Measurement of Water Hammer


20.Measurement of Hydraulic Jump

25.Determination of Metacenter of
Body
29.Velocity Measurement Using
Pitot Tube

35.Determination of Center of
Pressure

39.Analysis of Pipe Network

Specifications

Meter stick
Timing Device
Volumetric Tank
Weighing scale
Flume, tilting
Meter stick
Set of Weirs (sharp crested, Vnotch, trapezoidal)
Flume, tilting
Meter stick
Orifice
Plumb Bob
Timing device
Vernier Caliper
Volumetric Tank or Equivalent
Flume, tilting
Meter stick
Timing Device
Volumetric Tank or Equivalent
Water hammer setup or
equivalent
Flume Tilting
Model Dam (to fit the flume)
with sluice gate or spillway
Meter stick
Timing Device
Volumetric Tank or Equivalent
Metacentric Height apparatus
Measuring stick
Set of Weights
Suitable Tanks
Flume, tilting
Manometer
Meter stick
Pitot Tube
Timing Device
Volumetric Tank or Equivalent
Hydrostatic Pressure
Apparatus
Measuring stick/Tape
Set of Weights
Water supply
Manometer
Piezometer Taps/ pressure
gages
Pipe assembly

Minimum
required
quantity **
2

Units

1
1
1
1
2
1

Pc
Pc
Pc
Set
Pcs
Set

1
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
1

Set
Pcs
Pc
Pc
Pc
Pc
Pc
Sets
Pcs
Pc
Pc
Set

1
1

Set
Set

2
1
1
3
3
3
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
3

Pcs
Pc
Pc
Sets
Pcs
Sets
Pcs
Set
Pc
Pc
Pc
Pc
Pc
Sets

3
3

Pcs
Sets

1
1

Set
Set

Set

Pcs

Timing Device
Volumetric Tank
44.Demonstration of Seepage
Aquarium, glass or fiberglass
Model dam (to fit the
aquarium)
KMnO4 Solution or equivalent
White Sand
** The minimum required quantity is based on 30 students/class or section

1
1
1
1

Pc
Pc
Pc
Pc