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Warsaw Public Transport

Authority (ZTM)
A general presentation
Tamas Dombi
Head of Section for Research and Analysis

19.02.2013

Agenda
1.
2.
3.

4.

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Introduction
Financing of the public transport
Organization of the PT in the Warsaw
metropolitan area
Strategy on Sustainable Development
of the Warsaw Transport System

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Introduction

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Warsaw in Poland

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History of ZTM in brief


After the transition, former state-owned
Public Transport Enterprise became municipal
1992: splitting of the PTE to an authority
(ZTM) and to an operator
1994: further splitting of the PTE: trams and
buses separately
1995: metro kick-off
2002: railway integration begins

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ZTM in figures
Warsaw Metropolitan Area: ca. 500
km2
Ca. 2,5 mln inhabitants (official stats)
Employees in ZTM: ca. 700
250 bus routes, ca. 1800 buses
24 tram routes, ca. 450 trams
8 railway lines, ca. 230 EMUs
1 metro line, 34 trains
15 operators

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Warsaw Metropolitan Area

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Metro network existing and planned

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Tram network

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Integrated railway ticket

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Modal split of motorised trips

70,0%

Public transport
Private cars
Others

68,5%

60,0%

41,4%

50,0%
40,0%

45,6%

29,6%

30,0%

13,0%
20,0%

1,9%

10,0%
0,0%

Warsaw

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Metropolitan area

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vehicle-km per year in millions

Service amount

1800
119,3

120
100
80
60
40
20
0

52,5
25,8
8,6

Vehicles in traffic during


the peak hour

140

1600

1532

1400
1200
1000
800

Buses
Trams
Metro
Urban rail

781

600
400
200

192

106

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Tasks of ZTM

Planning, organizing and coordination of the public transport


(network, timetable, etc.) in Warsaw and in cooperating
communities in the metropolitan area
Ordering PT services by the operating companies (bus, tram,
metro, railway)
Supervision over the actual functioning of PT
Selling tickets and collecting of fares, ticket controlling
Investments in PT development projects
Ordering and taking part in studies and projects concerning
development of PT
Collecting data and providing analyses according to the
demand on PT services
Maintaining of infrastructure (bus and tram stops)

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Financing of public transport

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Financing of the PT services

Sources of financing:
Budget of Warsaw (62%)
Fare revenues (36%)
Subsidies from other communities (2%)

PT services are one of the main points in the


budget of Warsaw (around 15% of the total
expenses)

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Payments to the operators


Operators are paid monthly, on the basis
of the operated vehicle-km
Gross cost contracts, except for the
regional railway operators
Operators get penalties for poor services
The vehicle-km rate is set in an open
tendering procedure (private operators) or
in negotiations (municipal operators), and
then prooved by an independent audit

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ZTM contractual relations

Local operators

Regional railways

Authority

Municipal operators

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Private operators

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Financing of the PT infrastructure


Investments

Maintaining

Warsaw Road
Investments
Authority (local)
ZTM or Warsaw
Trams Ltd.

Warsaw Road
Authority (local)

Metro

ZTM together with


Warsaw Metro Ltd.

Warsaw Metro Ltd.

Railways

PKP PLK Inc. (Polish


State Railways)

PKP PLK Inc.


(Polish State
Railways)

Roads
Tram tracks

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Warsaw Trams Ltd.

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Investments
Rolling stock and smaller infrastructure
investments are included in the financing of the
services (and stated by contracts)
Larger infrastructure investments done by ZTM,
financed directly by the city budget
Some investments are co-financed by the EU
(both city and operators)

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Ticketing

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2001 introduction of the electronic


ticket (Warsaw Card)
June, 2004 introduction of the
Warsaw Card as payment method for
parking
Sept, 2006 introduction of the
intelligent student ID card as e-ticket
Sept, 2009 Short-term tickets on the
Warsaw Card (1, 3, 7 and 14 days)
Jan, 2010 Warsaw cards have to be
personalized
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Paper-based tickets

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Alternative ways of ticketing


Vending machines in buses, trams and trains
2 different types
Vending machines at stops and stations
Mobile ticketing 3 providers, need
consolidation and development
Common ticketing agreements with different
railway operators
problem with the turnstiles at the stations

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3. Organization of the public transport in


the Warsaw Metropolitan Area

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Organization of PT in the Warsaw


Metropolitan Area

31 communities have signed an


agreement with Warsaw on the
organization of the suburban PT
services by ZTM
These communities pay subsidies for the
services done on their territory
ZTM organizes them suburban bus lines
and ensures the acceptation of the ZTM
tickets in the suburban trains

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Communities with agreement

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Organization of PT in the Warsaw


Metropolitan Area

Other communities let their PT services


deregulated the services are done by private
operators, without the controll and the
subsidy of the community
Service only on frequented tracks
Poor quality, no fare integration
Private operators are working in communities
with contract, too

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Organization of PT in the Warsaw


Metropolitan Area

In many communities there is a mixed system:


they have both signed an agreement with
Warsaw and let run other services:
Mostly by private operators without regulation
omianki has an own operator
Zbki organizes yearly tenders

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Local services in the metropolitan area

A new philosophy of organization of the


suburban lines has been implemented last
year:
The community organizes its local transport, which
is bounded with the main ZTM or railway lines in
suburban junctions
The operator gets the fare revenues (price is set
by the community)
Long-term tickets of ZTM are honoured in the
buses

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New local lines

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Currently 18 lines

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W
AR

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2,00%

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1,94%

2,00%

2,01%
2,01%

2,08%

2,17%

2,21%

2,29%

1,43%

1,49%

1,54%

0,63%

0,64%

0,76%

0,11%

2,73%

2,31%

0,93%

0,35%

3,06%
2,84%
2,74%

2,55%

1,16%

3,94%

4,34%
3,37%

4,00%

2,32%

6,00%

5,13%

15,27%

16,00%

0,00%

Source: community budgets 2009

SZ
A
2 W
3. . Z A

4. O BK
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5. ZO KI
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PO A
6. R
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7. A T
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8. AS I
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12 SU W NO
. L LE MA
13 ES J Z.
. S ZN W
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14 E B OL
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A A
15 ZI E BI
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16 JA ON E
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17 ION NA
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18 Z A W
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20 19 AD LI
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O AD M
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21 AN Z Y
.H C N
22 AL INJ
23 . W IN .
. P O W
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24 USZ MI N
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25 OB W
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26
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28 27 SE W
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IC T W NO
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29 A CK
. K OW
30 A I
. W R CE
I E CZE
LI W
SZ
EW

1.

Share of the PT subsidy in the budgets of


the Warsaw Metropolitan Area
14,00%

12,00%

10,00%

8,00%

30

Yearly PT subsidy in the communities of the


WMA, per capita
130,78 z
117,41 z
108,44 z
104,87 z
103,17 z
92,44 z
73,30 z
72,48 z
66,76 z
66,39 z
61,08 z
60,29 z
59,23 z
56,46 z
56,04 z
55,93 z
53,42 z
49,70 z
40,15 z
27,58 z
27,58 z
26,32 z
23,33 z
22,78 z
21,88 z
21,38 z
12,82 z
6,88 z
2,93 z
0,00 z

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50,00 z

100,00 z

150,00 z

638,49 z

200,00 z

250,00 z

300,00 z

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350,00 z

400,00 z

450,00 z

500,00 z

31

Source: community budgets 2009

1. WARSZAWA
2. STARE BABICE
3. OMIANKI
4. ZBKI
5. WIZOWNA
6. LESZNOWOLA
7. NIEPORT
8. NADARZYN
9. RASZYN
10. OARW MAZ.
11. IZABELIN
12. MARKI
13. LESZNO
14. KONSTANCIN15. ZIELONKA
16. PIASTW
17. JABONNA
18. SULEJWEK
19. RADZYMIN
20. LEGIONOWO
21. PRUSZKW
22. HALINW
23. WOOMIN
24. PIASECZNO
25. JZEFW
26. MICHAOWICE
27. KOBYKA
28. OTWOCK
29. KARCZEW
30. WIELISZEW

4. Strategy on Sustainable
Development of the Warsaw
Transport System

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Reasons to develop the Strategy


1.

2.

3.

Need of a planned and sustainable


development of the transport system
Negative effects of the growth of the
individual motorisation
Use of EU structural funds

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Fundaments of the Strategy


City Transport Policy from 1995
Study on grounds and directions of the
spatial management (main spatial
planning document due to Polish law),
2006
Strategy of the city development to 2020

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Parts of the Strategy


Diagnosis of the currant status
2. SWOT analisis
3. Transport policy
4. Sustainable transport development
plan
5. Rules of dissemination and indicators
+ Ecological impact analysis
1.

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Goals of the strategy


Diagnosis: provides actual information of
the current situation
Transport policy: sets general and
specific objectives
Transport development plan: defines
particular tasks to fulfill

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Tasks of the transport development


plan concerning PT

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1. Setting up a common metropolitan transport


authority

At the moment bilateral agreements


with >30 municipalities
Plan to set up a common coordinating,
organizing and controlling entity on the
metropolitan level

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2. Modernization and development of the tram


system

2008 centenario of
the Warsaw trams
Huge need on
modernization
Main tracks
modernized from EU
funds 2007-2015 (4
projects)

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Modernized tram lines in 2007-2013

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3. Further development of the metro


system

The first metro line was


ended in October, 2008
Soon the building of the
second line should
begin
In first step: central
part

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4. Improvement of the railway


transport
Bringing together
the railways with
other means of
transport
New railway
stations, system
of a local railway

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5. Integration of different transport


subsystems
Fare integration with the
railways
Functional integration
intermodal junctions,
route network adjusting
Timetable integration
Organizational
integration

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6. Development of the city and


suburban bus transport

More traffic priority


Low-emission buses

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7. Modernization of the tram and bus


rolling stock
30% of the buses do not meet any
modern quality standards 500 new
buses to buy until 2012
50% of the tram rolling stock is older
than 20 years replacement until 2016
The largest recent tender on new tram
cars has ended 2009 186 new 100%
low-floor trams will be provided until
2013
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8. Rationalization of the route network


Setting up a network
of main routes with
guaranteed high
frequency and high
rolling stock quality
Better adjusting the
supply to the demand

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Other parts of the transport


development plan

Road network development plan

Includes restrictions in individual mobility in


the centre and the possibility to set up a
congestion charge

Increase of the safety on the roads


Cycling transport development plan

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Road to the implementation


Coordination: Road and Transportation
Department of the Warsaw City Hall
2007: Setting up the first draft of the Strategy
(Authors: Group of experts from the Warsaw
Technology University)
2008: Public consultations
2009, June: Acceptation by the City Council

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Public consultations
2 meetings: with NGOs and with
inhabitants
205 written proposals received, where
702 remarks were identified
266 remarks were adopted, 436 declined
Most remarks on public transport

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Difficulties and experiences


Implementation has not began yet,
because the legislation process is much
longer than expected
Need to plan more time for this process!

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Thank you for


your attention!
Tams Dombi
Head of Section for
Research and Analysis
ZTM Warsaw
t.dombi@ztm.waw.pl
+48 22 45 94 268

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