
1
1 x 10 = 10
M & M &
M i ,
M l
h `
(i) 2 rad/sec.
(iii)
(ii)
rad/sec. (iii)
rad/sec. (iv) rad/sec
3
30
6
rad/sec.
30
, d ^n M Q L
(i)
n
M (i) n
n
(i)
h,
(i)
(iii) =
M (iii)
2
,
, (ii) =
2
x , (iv) = 2 x .
2
x .
 s/  s/
(i)
(iv)
(ii) ,
(ii) , (iii) ,
X ,
(ii)
S

M & M &
M S S
1+1=2
/ M
M d X d
, M
S S
,
g=
Q,
M
= gR
R =
= 2gR
, M = 2
a U S j +q
S fj h S
M S fj P h P j Q
A(+q)
B(+q)
S t
AP = BP = CP = DP =
P
D(+q)
2a
a
=
2
2
C(+q)
A j (+q) S , F1 =
B j (+q) S , F2 =
C j (+q) S , F3 =
q
(a / 2 ) 2
AP
BP
CP
q
(a / 2 )
q
(a / 2 ) 2
D j (+q) S , F4 =
F1
q
(a / 2 ) 2
DP
F2 , + F2 F4
S fj h
1+1=2
M qX  P
n ,
(A)
(A)
(G) S
Q
cos 2
g = g1
289
g =
g =
1+3 = 4
m1 m2 d d Q S
F=G
G=
m1m 2
d2
Fd 2
m1m 2
Fd 2
G S, [G] =
m1m 2
[MLT ][L ]
[M ]
= [M L T ]
2
1 3
Cos 2
.
g = g1
289
P j
P j r Q
r = R Cos
R=
 d /
(w
P j m , r M
w M
mw2r f S
m mg
Q
P j Q g
mg = mg mw 2 r cos
= mg mw 2R cos 2
[Q r = R cos ]
g = g w 2R cos
w 2R
= g1
cos 2
g
, ,
w=
2
rad / sec .
24 3600
R = 6400 x 103 m.
g = 9.8 m/sec2
w 2R
1
=
g
289
cos 2
g = g1
289
n1 n2 Z
N = n1 n2
1+3=4
M  M
s/ j
S X s + X
, a c M /
y1 = a sin 2n1t
y2 = a sin 2n2t
, S q t ,
y = y1 + y2
= a sin2n1t + a sin2n2t
= 2acos 2
(n1 n 2 )t
(n n 2 )t
sin 2 1
2
2
/Z , t /
c
A = 2a cos2
(n1 n 2 )
2
n1 + n 2
2
t /
A = 2a cos2
t=
(n1 n 2 )
t = 0, 1 , 2 ,....
2
n1 n 2 n1 n 2
1
3
5
,
,
2(n1 n 2 ) 2(n1 n 2 ) 2(n1 n 2 )
t /
s
s
1
n1 n 2
1
n1 n 2
s
, = n1 n2 = Z
300 mt/sec
i
X
M m gm
M
1
m (300 ) 2 x(100 ) 2 = 4.5 x10 8 m erg
2
M M +L
4.5 10 8 m erg
M M
=
=
M
X
m.s.t =
1 4.5 10M
2
4.2
or, 0.03 x t =
or, t =
1 4.5
x10
2 4.2
1 45 1
10 3
2 42 3
15
10 3
84
= 178.5oC.
X
178.5oC.
4.5 10 8 m
4.2x10 7
Cal.
450
m cal
42
s = = 0.03

4
+L
` 20 0.01A
100 volt
 M
2+1+3=6
M h 
M
S
+L M K
` , 20
, / R  M M
S,
I = 0.01A
100 volt.
(G + R)I = 100
(20 + R) x 0.01 = 100
or, 20 + R = 10000
or, R = 10000 20
= 9080
 9080 M
one word
or one sentence.
1 x 10 = 10
Ans:
(b)
Ans:
15
(c)
Ans:
Q
,
4 o R
Ans.
(e)
Ans.
(f)
Ans.
1
1
1
Group B
2. (a) Why centrifugal force is termed as pseudo force ?
Ans.
(b)
Ans.
We know
Cp
Cv
= and = 1 +
2
.
f
==
Cv
5
= 1+
(c)
Ans.
(Cr.m.S )H
(Cr.m.S) O2 =
3RT
and for Oxygen
MH2
3RT
. Since MO 2 > MH2 ,
MO 2
so (Cr.m.S) O2 < (Cr.m.S )H2 i.e. r.m.s. velocity of Oxygen will be less than the
r.m.s. velocity of Hydrogen.
(d)
Ans.
1
mv 2 = ev
2
e
v2
146 10 8
146 146 10 16
=
=
=
Or,
= 1776. 33 x 108 coul/kg.
m 2V
2 60,000
12 10 4
(e)
Ans.
Yes, the metal will show photoelectric effect in violet light also, because v >
G and hence Ev > EG, where F = energy of E.M. radiation
= h ,
Group C
3.a)
What do you mean by centripetal accn ? Obtain the expression for centripetal
accn of a point particle moving uniformly in a circular path.
Ans.
1+3
If a body moves in uniform circular motion, then the body has an acceleration
towards the centre of the circle due to change of direction of its velocity with
time. This acceleration is called centripetal acceleration.
Consider a particle of mass m moving along a circle of radius r with
r
r
uniform angular velocity w. Let v 1 and v 2 be the instantaneous linear velocities
of the particle at A and B respectively in a time
r
v2
r
v1
i.e. ca = cb.
r
r
It is cleared that ab = v = change of velocity = v 2 v 1 .
r
v ab
The centripetal acceleration =
=
.
t
t
r
v1
r
v2
If t is small then will also be small. Then the hard AB will be nearly equal to
the arc AB. The AOB and acb are similar.
ab
ca
=
.
AB OA
Or,
Or,
ab v
= , because AB = v t ; ca = v; OA = r
vt r
ab v 2
=
t
r
b)
An artificial satellite is moving in a circular orbit around the earth with a speed
equal to the half of the magnitude of the escape velocity from the earth.
i)
ii)
If the satellite is stopped suddenly in its orbit and allowed to fall freely
on the earth, then determine the speed with which it hits the earths
surface.
Ans.
2+2
GM
Rth
ve =
According to condition,
(i)
Now,
or,
or,
v=
ve
2
v=
ve
2
GM 1 2GM
=
Rth 2
R
GM 1 2GM
=
Rth 4
R
or, Rth = 2R
h=R
(ii)
Let the speed of the satellite with which it hits the earth be V.
Now the total energy of the satellite when it is in orbit,
(E T ) =
1
GMm
mv 2
2
Rth
1 GM GMm
m
2 Rth
Rth
GMm GMm
2(Rth)
Rth
GMm
2(Rth)
(1)
The total energy of the satellite when it just hits the surface,
(E ) = 21 mv
/
T
Now
GMm
R
(2)
E T/ = E T
Or,
1
GMm
GMm
=
mv 2
2
R
2(Rth)
Or,
mv 2 GMm GMm
=
2
R
Rth
Or, v 2 =
2GM 2GM
R
Rth
1
1
= 2GM
R Rth
1
1
= 2GM
, h = R
R 2R
=
2GM GM
=
2R
R
v =
c)
Ans.
GM
.
R
R
[T2 T1 ] where temperature of the gas changes from T1 to T2.
1
P=
so dw =
K
v
v2
dw
v1
K
v
dv
K
v
dv
K 1
1
1 1
1 v 2
v 1
d)
1 Kv 2 Kv 1
1 v 2
v 1
1
[P2 v 2 P1v 1 ]
1
R
[T2 T1 ]
1
which property of wave shows that sound wave is longitudinal ? Calculate the
value of Youngs modulus of steel if its density is 7.8 gm/cm3 and if sound
travels in it with a velocity of 5200 m/S.
Ans.
1+3
Sound waves can propagate through liquid and gas medium like longitudinal
waves. Polarisation of sound waves is not possible. Polarisation takes place
only in case of transverse wave. So sound wave is longitudinal wave.
Velocity of sound wave through a rod or through a wire is give by,
v=
y
7.8
y
= 52 52 10 8
7 .8
y = 7.7 52 52 108
= 21091.2 108
= 2.1 1012 dyne/cm2.
e)
Ans.
c1 = 2F,
c2 = 8F
Let the potential difference, charge and energy stored in the two given
capacitors are v1, q1 E1 and v2, q2, E2 respectively. Since they are connected in
series, so q1 = q2 = q (say).
Now,
v1 =
q
c1
v = 300 volt =
and v 2 =
q
c2
q
q
+
c1 c 2
1
1
= q +
c1 c 2
1
1
+
= q
2F 8F
1
1
+
= q
6
6
8 10
2 10
1 1
= q 10 6 +
2 8
= 10 6 q
=
5
8
8 300
5 100
q
480 coul
=
= 240 volt
c1
2F
v2 =
q
480 coul
=
= 60 volt
c2
8F
E1 =
1
1
q v 1 = 480 10 6 240
2
2
= 57600 x 106 Joule.
= 0.0576 Joule
E2 =
1
1
q v 2 = 480 10 6 60
2
2
= 0.0144 Joule.
f) i)
1+1
Ans.
ii)
If a bar magnet of length L and magnetic moment M is bent into the form of a
semicircle then find its magnetic moment.
Ans.
d
2
2L
2L
2
qmL
2M
.
g)
2+2
Ans.
Mosbys law states that the square root of the frequency of any particular
spectral line is proportional to the atomic number of the target element i.e.
( z b).
Two importance of Mosbys Law
(i)
(ii)
Group D
4.a)
i)
Ans.
L
L
Closed Pipe
Open Pipe
One closed pipe and one open pipe both the same length L are taken
for consideration. Formation of fundamental tone in both cases are
shown in the above fig. For closed pipe frequency of the fundamental
tone is given by,
no =
v
v
=
(i)
o 4L
v
v
=
(ii)
/
o 2L
= 2
v
4L
= 2 no
n o/ = 2n o
i.e. the fundamental frequency of an open pipe is twice that of a closed
pipe if they are same length.
ii)
Ans.
iii)
2+2+2
Ans.
40
256
32
= 320 meter.
v = velocity of the wave
= 320 m/S.
b)
i)
Ans.
320 5
= = 1.25m.
256 4
r
According to BiotSavarts Law, the magnetic field dB at a point whose
r
position vector r with respect to a current element dl of a wire carrying
current I, is given by
r oI dl rr
dB =
4 r 3
ii)
Ans.
2+4
o I dl sin
4 x 2
o I r sec 2 d cos
4
r2
from O
cos 2
=
o I
cos d
4 r
cos =
o I
cos d
4 r
x=
tan =
r
x
r
cos
l
r
l = r tan
dl = r sec2 d.
10
B =
dB =
oI
4r
cos d
o
(sin 2 sin 1 )
4r
11

1
& M &
1 x 10 = 10
(a)
1
n
M
(i)
24
n
K,
(ii)
24
n
K,
(iii)
24
n
K,
(iv)
24
n2
M ,
2
2MR 2
w
=
&
I
=
T
5
I1w1 = I2w2
2
2
2 R
MR 2 w 1 = M .w 2
5
5 n
w2 = n2w1
2
2
= n2
T2
T1
T2 =
T1
n2
T2 =
24
n2
T1 = 24
; T2 = ?
1
a
n
T S
r r r
r r r
(i) T = r F (ii) T = F x r (iii) T = r . F
r r r
T S T = r F
(b)
j 
(i) g
(ii) g/2
(iii) g/3
r
(iv) T = rF cos
(iv) 2g
M j
24
n2
, M
ve,
(ii)
ve
5
g=
(iii) 25ve
(iv) ve
GM
R2
S,
ge =
{ S,
GM e
g=
R 2e
G 5M e
(5R e )
1 GM e g e
.
=
5 R 2e
5
v e = 2g e R e
& v e/ = 2gR = 2.
(c)
ge
.5R e = 2g e R e = ve
5
M
ve, 5
& M
ve
/ s/
M / polarisation s / /
s / /
(d)
/ /
(i) n
(ii) (2n+1)
a
2
(iii) (2n 1)
a
2
(iv) (2n + 1)
a
4
M / /
n.
, / :
M h h j&
i j i j&
= / wavefront
(e)
r L q
,
M
(i)
(ii) , (iii)
1 q2
4 0 r 0
(iv)
1 q2
8 0 r 2
2r
2.r r.q
F =
r
1
q.q
1
q2
.
.
=
4 0 (2r ) 2 16 0 r 2
1
q2
. 2.
16 0 r
, +
M S
(f)
c=
q
=
v
(g)
+L /
(i)
(ii)  B , (iii)
L .
(iv) L B
M +L /
L
(h)
r.m.s.
r.m.s.
r.m.s.
r.m.s.
=1:
(i)
(1.101)2
1.101 = 1 x 20 + (1 x 21 + 0 x 22 + 1 x 23)
2
1:
1 1
+ = 1 + 0.5 + 0.125
2 8
= 1+
= 1.625.
(1.101)2 = (1.625)10
(11.375)10
(11.375)10
,
2 11
2 5
2 2
(11)10 = (1011)2
,
.375 x 2 = 0.750
0.750 x 2 = 1.500
0.500 x 2 = 1.000
(.375)10 = (.011)2
(11.375)10 = (1011.011)2
(j)
E M Z M &
M ,
En =
me 4
8 02 n 2 h 2
,
E2 =
E4 =
me 4
8 02 (2) 2 h 2
me 4
8 02 ( 4) 2 h 2
me 4
8 02 ( 4) 2 h 2
E4
1
=
= 2
4
4
E2
me
8 02 (2) 2 h 2
E4 =
E2
.
4
(i)
h
c
h
c
(ii)
h
C
(iii)
hc
(iv) h.

2
& M
(a)
B(2)t2
M S
t = t2 t 1
(b)
A(1)t1
S
rt
S = AB
S
r
w =
w =
1
=
w= 2
t 2 t1
t
d SL Q
2x7
v=
S
t
v
v = rw
r
B L
h g
S
M
(g)
L
P
OR =
f Q
S f Q /
 L g Q h
g 
B h g B
(c)
S S
M S
Ml S X / v P X
S X
S X
S
 (i)
Cv
(ii)
CP
, +X S
M
=
L M
+X
L M
M
M
pv = K
+X
S L i
(d)
pvr = K
S ^n i
< &&
(e)
(i)
` Bi
(ii)
h `
(iii)
` L
j
(a, o)
(o, a)
jZ S
q (a,a) j
A j P
r
E1 =
1
q
. 2 , PR
4 0 a
v
E2 =
E = E12 + E 22 =
h S
P(a, a)
1
2.q
. 2 .
4 0 a
r
E
q
(0, a)
B
1
q
. 2 , PS
4 0 a
r r
r
P j t E = E 1 + E 2
r
E1
A(a, 0)
E {
M S ,
T cos = mg
(1)
T sin = F
(2)
T cos
T sin
M ,
T sin
F
=
T cos mg
(f)
tan =
qE
mg
= tan 1
qE
mg
mg
[ F = q x E]
M Q & 
r
S E2
(i)
 S Q
(ii)
 
Q X
(iii)
Q h
, Q n :
M dielectric
L Q & X
L n
L Q
L n
Q
(g)
S h / hS, S
x
r
E
r
v
O
r
R
Z1
y
r
B , y
r
r
hS E , x h / ( v )
S
Z1

3
& M &
(a)
4 x 11
... B M
S S
M M
B S
2+2
v
S f
m
r=R+h
v
mv 2
=
r
v =
M
R
r2
GM
r
GM
(R + h)
T=
2r 2(R + h)
=
v
GM
R+h
T=
2(R + h) 3 / 2
GM
2(R + h) 3 / 2
h<<R
T = 2
GMm
mv 2 GMm
=
v=
r
r2
(1)
gR 2
,
R
g
1 
gR 2 T 2
9R 2 T 2
R
h
(R + h) =
+
=
4 2
4 2
T = 24
1/ 3
= 24 x 60 x 60 sec.
S
h = 36000 km.
M d r
1+3
M d Q S j
K , j
M d r
S
f=
GM
r2
f=
GM
r2
n
S
r
= f .dr = ( fdr ) = fdr
K Z
r
f
dr
r
f .dr = fdr
d Q
Q
r
= fdr =
GM
r2
dr = GM
dr
1
= GM
r
GM
r
M d
10
dr
GM
r
(b)
0oC `
50% M +L `
M
2+2
B
M S 
S,  L M h
(ii)
(i)
external work i
L M X
{ Bi
`
=m
= ml
= mgh
[ L
mgh 1
J
2
La
mgh 1
= mL
J
2
h=
2LJ 2 80 ( 4.2 10 7 )
=
g
980
= 68.57
68.57
, X S S
& '
0.155 Cal/goc1
'
32
2cal.Mole oC1
M X S
2+2
P
S
11
v 
Pv =
Pv =
(1)
(2)
1
pdv + vdp = 0
dp
p
=
dv
v
2 pv1dv + vdp = 0
X
, j X
x
p
dp
=
=
dv
v
X
' ,
Cp = Cv + R = 4.96 + 2 = 6.96
'
Cp =
(c)
Cp
M
TK
6.96
= 0.2175
32
&Q & h
(r.m.s.), C =
3RT
M
12
0.178 gm/lit
2+2
h
1
p,
1
mnc 2
3
[m =
(p) =
n
1
N
m c2
3
v
p=
pv =
, Q
v,
N
]
v
[ c2 = c2rms]
1
mNC 2
3
(1)
pv = RT
(2)
1 2
1
mNc 2 = RT
3
1
Mc 2 = RT (3)
3
c2 =
3RT
M
3P
D
C rms =
3RT
c=
M
[M = mN = 1
Crms =
P=
D=
P = 76 x 13.6 x 980 /
Crms =
3038784
0.000178
13
, X Q h & h
M
277oC
77oC
M P, Q D h
C=
2+2
& M X
3P
=
D
3RT
M
M=
X &
rms
1
D
Q h & rms
h M
E=
3
KT
2
K = n
T = S
3
3
K(273 + 77 ) = K 350
2
2
E T =77o C =
E =277o C =
3
3
K(273 + 277 ) = K 550
2
2
M X
% X
(d)
3
K(500 350 )
2
3
K 200
2
3
K 200
2
100% = 57.14%
=
3
K 200
2
s SL S t /
S S
14
1+1+2
M s SL S E
S &
s v
v=
E
.
D
: s S
M &
(P)
(K = E)
c s S t
/ S
S : S s
^n s S
X S X
&
Cp
Cv
Pv =
(K) =
X n
s SL
v=
(f)
Z w h Z Z` j
1+3
M c h
(+q, q)
h Z hZ M h Q & Z
Z w
Z
AB = (=2l)
P j
Z`
OP = r.
15
+q
j ,
1
q
, AP
E1 =
4 o ( AP ) 2
q
E2 =
E1
E1 cos
E2 cos
1
q
, PB
.
4 o (PB) 2
AP = BP
E1 sin
E2
E1 = E2
E2 sin
A
+q
B
q
O
2l
PAB = PBA = E1
E1 cos
E2
E1 sin
E2 cos
j t
2
q
AO
AO
.
[Q cos =
]
2
AP
4 o ( AP)
AP
2
q l
2ql
1
.
=
. 2
3
4 o (r + l 2 ) 3 / 2
4 o ( AP)
=
M
1
4 o r 2 + l 2
M
4 o r 3
Q AP = p 2 + l 2
3/2
AB L
P j r>>l
, S
1+3
j
M
C.G.S.
X SL t h L
h
SI
& + ,
r
K E.dS = 4q
16
r r
q
E.dS =
r
o
esu/cu
r
P
j h
r
1
E.dS =
.l
o
S h
r
E
.dS = E dS = E.2rl
E.dS =
E.2rl =
E =
l
o
1 2
.
4 o r
" +,
r
E=
(g)
1 2
. r
4 o r
h SL S
r2
i ,
r=
r1
M
r1r2
2+2
M h SL S ,
17
r
E
S  h ,
i S
HI 2
Z S  h ,
i
HR
S  h ,
i
,
Ht
I, R
S ,
HI2Rt
H = KI2Rt
[K =
n ]
S r1
I1
r
S I1 =
E
r + r1
r1
i , H1 =
r2
S,
E 2 r2 t
H2 =
(r + r2 ) 2 .J
,
H1 = H2
E 2 r1 t
E 2 r2 t
=
(r + r1 ) 2 J (r + r1 ) 2 J
r1(r + r2)2 = r2(r+r1)2
18
I12 r1 t
E 2 r1 t
=
J
(r + r1 ) 2 J
, S S hB S
S S S S S
S M c S M
2+2
h E
ti
tn
t
0oC 
t S h, t / h E
M S
S
tn
B
Neutral temperature
h E S
S Inversion temperature S
ti
19
S i ` L& M
X h
A
B+
S S
...
/
S h
c S h
(h)
h SL S&
220 volt A.C.
1+3
` / h ` h
h
(ii)
` h / h
h ,
E
d
dt
[ ]
220
volt
220 volt
20
, h SL ? S S
1+3
M S
M ? S h h
h 
h h h
S ,
SI
d
 E = N
dt
N `
h
d
dt
S / ? S ,
E = N
d
dt
M S ? S  h g ? S
M S
N
M M X ` C `
B ` h h
hM M S, M +L
hM , R
21
, X R, , M
X ` X
, ` `
N
`
, `
S  ` M
S ? S
(i)
r.m.s. S
Z
2+2
M (a)
S / S
(b)
L S
SL
(c)
S sinusoidal
i = Io Sin wt
(d)
r.m.s. /
Io
ieff =
Io
2
, f =
w 220
=
= 110Hz.
2
2
r.m.s. S =
Io
2
= 0.707 Io amp.
22

4
& M
(a)
X  X s
4+2
n
M S j j X j j i
i (n1)
l i / / 1 ,
l= 1
4
or, = 4l
i s v ,
v = n 1 1
or, n 1
v
v
=
1 4l
y i s
j j
j j j i
i (n2)
l i /
/ 2
l=
2
2
or, 2 = 2l
i s v ,
v = n22
23
or, n 2 =
v
v
=
= 2n.
2 2l
X
X y i s S
h & odd Harmonics
y i s h h
& S
, i X n
ZS i s
, y i s n
, R x / /
0.7m / j 45o j Q
3+3
y
M , / +ve X
i ,
V  &
y = a Sin wt
a=
y = t 
w=
/ /
24
, =
t
2x
, /
,
y = a Sin (wt )
2
2
t
x
T
[ w =
2
]
T
2
x
[ n =
1
]
T
[ K =
2
]
or,
y = a Sin
or,
y = a Sin 2nt
or,
+ve x /
t / S
S
1 =
1 2 ,
2
2
t
x1
T
2 =
j = = 1 2 =
, = 0.7m = 45o =
2
2
t
x2
T
2
(x 2 x 1 ) = 2 x
radium.
4
2
=
x
4 0.7
x =
(b)
x1 x2 Q j
0.7
0.7 100
35
m=
cm = cm
5
8
8
S S M h `
j ? +
M S h idl h
r
r Q j S dB  ,
i)
h /
ii)
dl j L Q r
25
2+3+1
iii)
dl j r 

h
sine /
dl P j S
,
dB
i dl Sin
r2
i dl Sin
or, dB = K
r2
dl{
i
"+
dB = K
i dl r
r2
K n, j
S.I. X K =
o
o =
4
26