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This course deals with measuring instruments mainly indicating instruments and the associated torques, instrument
transformers, power factor meter, frequency meter , synchro scopes, wattmeter, energy meter, potentiometer
,resistance measuring methods, ac bridges, ballistic galvanometer, flux meter, extension range of indicating
instruments.
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UNIT -1
(INTRODUCTION TO ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS)
a) State Ohms law.
b) Mention the limitations of Ohms Law.
a) What is a mesh?
b) Define super mesh
a) State Kirchhoffs voltage law.
b) State Kirchhoffs Current law.
a) What is nodal mesh analysis?
b) What is a super node?
a) State two salient points of a series combination of resistance
b) State two salient points of a parallel combination of resistance.
a) Define reference node?
b) Give the difference between nodal analysis and mesh analysis
Give two applications of both series and parallel combination.
a) Define an ideal voltage source.
b) Define an ideal current source.
a) Explain with relevant diagram dependent sources.
b) Explain source transformations.
Explain how voltage source with a source resistance can be converted
into an equivalent current source.
UNIT II

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(SINGLE PHASE A.C CIRCUITS)


Define R.M.S value.
State the advantages of sinusoidal alternating quantity.
State two salient points of a series combination of resistance
Mention the Properties of a series RLC circuit.

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Give two applications of both series and parallel combination.


What is complex power? Explain power triangle?
What are disadvantages of having a poor power factor?
Define i) Sinusoid ii) Form factor iii) Peak factor iv) Power factor

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Derive the expression for power in terms of RMS values of voltage,


Evaluating
current and cosine of the angle between voltage and current.
Determine the current flowing through a branch, whose impedance is
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4+j6 , when a voltage 220v is applied and also find the power factor and
active power?
UNIT III
(LOCUS DIAGRAM, RESONANCE AND MAGNETIC CIRCUITS)
Define quality factor.
Remembering
Write the characteristics of series resonance
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What is resonance?
Understanding
What is Band width and Selectivity?
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Write the characteristics of parallel resonance


a) Define Faradays law of electromagnetic induction.
b) Define self-inductance.
a) Define mutual inductance.
b) What is DOT convention?
a) State dot rule for coupled coils.
b) Define coefficient of coupling.
a) What is magnetization curve?
b) Write equation for energy density for a magnetic circuit
a) What are coupled circuits?
b) What are coupled coils?
UNIT IV
(NETWORK TOPOLOGY)
Define network topology.
Define (a) Graph and (b) Loop.
Define a tree and a co-tree in a graph of a network.
What is Tie set and how is a Tie-set matrix obtained?

Applying
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What is a planar and coplanar graph?


Write the principal of duality?
Explain graphical method to draw dual network?
If network consist b branches and n nodes, how many mesh current
equations that could be written for the network?
A connected graph has 9 branches and 4 branch currents which are
independent. Find the number of nodes?
Explain the following terms
i) Tree ii)co-tree iii)Branch iv)Node v)Oriented graph

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UNIT V
(NETWORK THEOREMS)
State and explain Tellegens theorem
State and explain step by step procedure of the superposition theorem
Explain the procedure of the reciprocity theorem
State and explain the Thevenins theorem?
Explain the procedure of the Nortons theorem?
State the Maximum power transfer theorem?

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Explain the procedure of the Thevenins voltage and Thevenins current?


State and explain the compensation theorem?
Explain the limitations of Thevenins theorem?
State the Millimans theorem?

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Group II LONG ASNWERS QUASTIONS

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UNIT -1
(INTRODUCTION TO ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS)
Calculate the equivalent resistance for the given circuit
Apply mesh analysis and find the current flowing through each element.
Apply nodal analysis and find the current flowing through each element.
Find the equivalent resistance, source current and power delivered by
source for the given circuit.
Use the network reduction technique and response in each element.
In an circuit brach AB = 10 OHMS, BC = 20 OHMS, CD = 15 OHMS , BD
= 8 ohms and DA = 5 OHMS and an source of 100V in series with 5
OHMS connected across A and C. calculate equivalent resistance, source
current and voltage drop across DA.
Find the mesh currents for the given circuit along with voltage across each
element.
Find the node voltages for the given circuit along with power absorbed by
each element.
Using inspection method find the current in each mesh and power loss in
each element.
Using inspection method find the node voltages and power loss in each
element.
UNIT II
(SINGLE PHASE A.C CIRCUITS)
Illustrate following terms:
i) Impedance
ii) Reactance
iii) Phase deference
iv) Power factor
Define the following
i. RMS value

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ii. Average value


iii. Form factor of an alternating quantity
a) Derive the expression for power in 1- A.C. Circuits.
b) A sinusoidal 50Hz voltage of 200v supplies the three parallel circuits as
shown in figure Find the current in each circuit and the total current. Draw
the vector diagram.

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a)Define power factor. What is its Importance in a.c. Circuits?


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b) The impedances of a parallel circuit are Z1=(6+j8) and Z2 =(8-j6) . If
the applied voltage is 120V, find
i. current and power factor of each branch
ii. overall current and power factor of the circuit
iii. Power Consumed by each impedance. Draw phasor diagram.
Derive the basic equation of an alternating quantity. Hence state its various
forms.
A series circuit consisting of a 10 resistor, a 100F capacitor and a 10 mH
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inductor is driven by a 50 Hz a.c. voltage source of maximum value 100
volts. Calculate the equivalent Impedance, current in the circuit, the power
factor and power dissipated in the circuit
a) Show that average power consumed by pure inductor and capacitor is
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zero.
b) A resistance of 16ohms is connected in parallel to an inductance of
20mH and the parallel combination is connected to an ac supply of 230V,
50Hz. Determine the current through the elements and power delivered by
the source, draw the phasor diagram.
What is Admittance? Which are its two components? State its unit. How
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the admittance is expressed in rectangular and polar form?
Explain Admittance, Susceptance and Conductance. Draw the admittance
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triangle
Derive the expression for i(t) for RL series circuit when excited by a
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sinusoidal source.
UNIT III
(LOCUS DIAGRAM, RESONANCE AND MAGNETIC CIRCUITS)
A series RLC circuit has Q = 75 and a pass band (between half power
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frequencies) of 160 Hz. Calculate the resonant frequency and the upper and
lower frequencies of the pass band.
Explain and derive the relationships for bandwidth and half power
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frequencies of RLC series circuit.
a) State and explain Faradays laws of electromagnetic induction
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b) Determine the quality factor of a coil R = 10 ohm, L = 0.1H and C =
10F
Discuss the characteristics of parallel resonance of a circuit having G,L and
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C.
What is resonance? Sketch the resonance curves for a series resonant circuit
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with variable frequency and constant R, L and C.

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A Pure resistor, a pure capacitor and a pure inductor are connected in


parallel across supply; find the impedance of the circuit as seen by the
supply. Also find the resonant frequency.
For the given circuit constants, find (a) Mutual Inductance (b) Find
equivalent inductance for all the combination L1 = 0.02H , L2 = 0.01H and
k = 0.5.
Derive an expression for the mutual inductance between two magnetically
coupled coils having self-inductances L1 and L2 respectively.
a) Compare magnetic and electric circuits.
b)Derive from the fundamentals expression for coefficient of coupling
When two coils are connected in series, their effective inductance is found
to be 10H .When the connections of one coil are reversed , the effective
inductance is 6H.If the coefficient of coupling is 0.6, calculate the self
inductance of each coil and the mutual inductance.
UNIT IV
(NETWORK TOPOLOGY)
For the graph shown below, select a tree and write cut-set matrix

Question

a) Discuss the method of obtaining dual network


b) Explain graphical method to draw dual network

For the given network shown. Draw the graph, select a tree with branches
9, 4, 7,5, & 8 and write the tie-set matrix. The number inside the brackets
indicates branch numbers.

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Write a cut-set matrix for the given resistive network

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Draw the dual of a network for given network shown in figure.

For the network shown in Figure 3, draw the following


a) Graph
b) Tree
c) Dual network

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Using network topology, solve for node voltages and branch currents for
the network.

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Define and explain the following terms:


i) branch ii) tree iii) twig
iv) Path v) cutest.
What are meant by the tie-set schedule and the cut-set schedule?

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Difference between planar and non-planar graph with suitable examples?


UNIT V
(NETWORK THEOREMS)
a) State and explain compensation theorem?
b) By using Nortons theorem determine the current through 5 resistor?

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a) State and explain superposition theorem


b) Determine the current in the (2-2j) impedance connected to the
equivalent circuit, replace the cuircuit to the left of terminals AB with a
Thevenins equivalent.

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For the network shown in Figure determine the voltage VAB, by using nodal
analysis.

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Find the current through the RL USING Nodal analysis.


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Using the principle of superposition theorem find the current in 5 resistor.

Determine current in the 5 resistorusing Thevenins theorem.

Find the value of load resistor RL shown in fig that gives maximum power
dissipation and determine the value of power.

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The 6 resistance is alarted to 8 .Find the change in current in 10


resistance due to this change using compensation theorem.

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a) State and explain compensation theorem.


b) Find the current through 4 resistor using Nortons theorem.

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Using Thevenins theorem find the equivalent circuit to the left of the
terminals in the circuit,Find current i.

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GROUP III ANALYTICAL QUESTIONS


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UNIT -1
(INTRODUCTION TO ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS)
Determine the current through 800 ohm resistor in the network shown in figure.

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In the network shown below, find the current delivered by the battery.

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Find the current through branch a-b using mesh analysis shown in figure below.

Determine the mesh currents I1 and I2 for the given circuit shown below.

A saw tooth voltage as shown in figure is applied to a capacitor of C= 30micro


Farad. Find the capacitor current

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Find the power dissipated in 10 ohm resistor for the circuit shown in figure.
An inductor shown in fig1(a) is supplied with a current wave from given in fig1(b)
Draw
the wave forms for the voltage and energy in the inductor

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Determine the value of V2 such that the current through the impedance (3+j4) ohm
is zero.
Solve the following system of equations:
4 = v1/100 + (v1 v2)/20 + (v1 Vx)/50
10 4 (-2) = (vx v1)/50 + (vx v2)
-2 = v2/25 + (v2 vx)/40 + (v2 v1)/20
Three star connected resistances are 3.21K, 2.14 K, 4.72 K find the values of
equivalent delta resistances.
UNIT II
(SINGLE PHASE A.C CIRCUITS)
The impedances of a parallel circuit are Z1=(6+j8) and Z2 =(8-j6) . If the
applied
voltage is 120V, find
i. current and power factor of each branch
ii. overall current and power factor of the circuit
iii. Power Consumed by each impedance. Draw phasor diagram
A series circuit consisting of a 10 resistor, a 100F capacitor and a 10 mH
inductor is driven by a 50 Hz a.c. voltage source of maximum value 100 volts.
Calculate the equivalent Impedance, current in the circuit, the power factor and
power dissipated in the circuit
A 50Hz sinusoidal voltage applied to a single phase circuit has its RMS value of
200V. its value at t=0 is 28.3 volt positive. The current drawn by the circuit is 5A
RMS and lags behind the voltage by one sixth of a cycle. Write the expressions
for instantaneous values of voltage and current.
In a particular circuit a voltage of 10 V at 25 Hz produces 100 mA while the
same voltage at 75 Hz produces 60 mA draw the circuit diagram and insert the
values of the constants. At what frequency will the value of impedance be twice
as that 25 Hz.
A 50 Hz sinusoidal current has peak factor 1.4 and form factor 1.1. Its average
value is 20 A. The instantaneous value of current is 15 A at t = 0 sec. Write the
equation of current and draw its wave form.
Construct the phasor and impedance diagram and determine the circuit constants
for the following voltage and current.
V(t)=150 sin(5000t+500 )V, i(t)=150 sin(5000t-250 )
A series RL circuit having a resistance of 4 and inductance reactance 3 is
connected to 100V, 50Hz, single phase supply. Find the current, power drawn by
the circuit and power factor.
a) A non-sinusoidal voltage has a form factor of 1.25 and crest factor of 1.63. If
its average value is 50V calculate its i) r.m.s value ii) Maximum value
b) The current drawn by a pure capacitor of 20F is 1.382 A from 220V a.c.
supply What is the supply frequency?
A 50Hz sinusoidal current has peak factor 1.4 and form factor 1.1. its average
value is 20 amp. The instantaneous value of current is 15 amp at t=0 sec. Write
the equation of current and draw its wave form.

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For the circuit below, find the value of _ so that current and source emf are in
phase. Also find the current at this frequency.

A series RLC circuit has R=20 ohm, L=0.005H and C = 0.2 x 10-6 F. It is fed
from a 100V variable frequency source. Find i) frequency at which current is
maximum ii) impedance at this frequency
A series RLC circuit has Q = 75 and a pass band (between half power
frequencies) of 160 Hz. Calculate the resonant frequency and the upper and
lower frequencies of the pass band.
A series RLC circuit has R=20 ohm, L=0.005H and C = 0.2 x 10-6 F. It is fed
from a 100V variable frequency source. Find i) frequency at which current is
maximum ii)
impedance at this frequency and iii) voltage across inductance at this frequency
In the parallel RLC circuit, calculate resonant frequency, bandwidth, Q-factor
and
power dissipated at half power frequencies.

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A current of 4A flows through a non-inductive resistance in series, with a


chocking coil
When supplied at 230V, 50Hz. If the voltage across the resistance is 100V and
across the coil is 180V, draw the phasor diagram and calculate i) Impedance,
Resistance and reactance of the coil
ii) The power absorbed by the coil
iii) The total power
UNIT III
(LOCUS DIAGRAM, RESONANCE AND MAGNETIC CIRCUITS)
Given a series RLC circuit with R = 10 ohms, L = 1 mH and C = 1F connected
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across a sinusoidal source of 20 V with variable frequency. Find
i) The resonant frequency
ii) Q factor of the frequency
iii) Half power frequencies.
a) Explain Faradays laws of electromagnetic induction
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b) Write the loop equation for the network?

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A series RLC circuit has R= 10, L=0.5 H, and C= 40 F. The applied voltage is
100V. Find
(a) Resonant frequency
(b) Quality factor of coil.
(c) Upper and lower half power frequencies
(d) Band width
(e) Current at half power points.
(f) Voltage across inductance at resonance.
For the RLC series circuit R=5ohms, L=0.03H, C=100 micro farads. Determine
the Frequency at which the circuit resonates. Also find the quality factor, voltage
across the inductance, voltage across capacitance, at resonance
Find the total inductance of the three series connected coupled coils as shown in
figure.

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UNIT IV
(NETWORK TOPOLOGY)

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Draw the following


i) Graph
ii) Tree
iii) Dual network.

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JNTU World

Question

Explain the principal of duality and draw the dual network for the fig.

Determine the voltage V2 and V3 in the circuit shown in fig using cutset analysis
(choose 1,4,3 for this purpose)

Develop the fundamental tie-set matrix for the circuit shown

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For the network shown in figure, Obtain cut-set matrix.

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Write the cut set matrix for the graph shown below and also write the relation betweenAnalyzing
branch voltages and
tree branch voltages.

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Determine power supplied by source using nodal analysis for the circuit shown.

For the circuit shown in fig given below drawn the graph and tree.

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For the circuit shown in fig find the voltage across the 4ohm resistor by using
nodal analysis

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Using nodal analysis, find the power dissipated in the 6 resistor for the circuit
shown in fig

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UNIT V
(NETWORK THEOREMS)
Determine the value of resistance R so the maximum power transfer takes place
from the rest of the network to R in fig.

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Using Millimans theorem calculate the current throught RL in the circuit, and
find the voltage drop.( r1 = r2 =r3=2 , RL=5 )

Tellegens theorem provide V1 =8V, V2=4V, V4=2V, I1 =4A, I2 = 2A and I3


=1A.

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Find the current through the resistor r2 by a nodal method

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5 Find power loss in 1 resistor by Thevenins theorem

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6 Find the V in the circuit using Superposition theorem

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7 Find the Nortons equivalent circuit across x-y for the network shown in below.

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8 Using Thevenins theorem find the current in the network.

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9 Find the current through the 6 resistor using Thevenins theorem.

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10 Verify Tellegens theorem.

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