You are on page 1of 8

A SEMINAR ON

IOT

based Smart Grid to remotely monitor and control


Renewable Energy Sources

SUBMITTED TO THE SAVITRIBAI PHULE PUNE UNIVERSITY, PUNE


IN THE PARTIAL FULFILMENT OF REQUIREMENTS
FOR THE AWARD OF THE DEGREE
OF

MASTER OF ENGINEERING
E&TC-VLSI AND EMBEDDED SYSTEMS
BY

Priyanka Deshmukh
Under the guidance of
Prof. H. N. Patil

DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMUNICATION


TSSMS
PADMABHOOSHAN VASANTDADA PATIL INSTITUTE OF
TECHNOLOGY, BAVDHAN, PUNE 411021
2015-2016

Introduction:
The IOT concept was coined by a member of the Radio Frequency Identification (RFID)
development community in 1999, and it has recently become more relevant to the practical world
largely because of the growth of mobile devices, embedded and ubiquitous communication,
cloud computing and data analytics. Many visionaries have seized on the phrase Internet of
Things to refer to the general idea of things, especially everyday objects, that are readable,
recognizable, locatable, addressable, and/or controllable via the Internet, irrespective of the
communication means (whether via RFID, wireless LAN, wide- area networks, or other means).
Everyday objects include not only the electronic devices we encounter or the products of higher
technological development such as vehicles and equipment but things that we do not ordinarily
think of as electronic at all - such as food and clothing.
These things of the real world shall seamlessly integrate into the virtual world, enabling
anytime, anywhere connectivity. In 2010, the number of everyday physical objects and devices
connected to the Internet was around 12.5 billion. Cisco forecasts that this figure is expected to
double to 25 billion in 2015 as the number of more smart devices per person increases, and to a
further 50 billion by 2020. Smart devices connected in the IOT landscape, the impact and value
that IOT brings to our daily lives become more prevalent. People make better decisions such as
taking the best routes to work or choosing their favorite restaurant.
The convergence of data sources on shared networks improves nationwide planning,
promotes better coordination between agencies and facilitates quicker responsiveness to
emergencies and disasters. For enterprises, IOT brings about tangible business benefits from
improved management and tracking of assets and products, new business models and cost
savings achieved through the optimization of equipment and resource usage.
Internet of Things, namely the Internet in which the things connected to each other, is the
extension and expansion of Internet-based network. According to the agreed protocols, with IOT
key technologies: radio frequency identification technology, sensor technology, smart technology
and nanotechnology, the communication information can be exchanged, and the intelligent
recognition, positioning, tracking, monitoring and management can be achieved.

Literature survey
Sr
No.
1.

Author

Abstract

Advantage

Disadvantage

Feasibility of project-

This project presents non Renewable energy monitoring system using various sensors
and IOT using global positioning system module.
The system uses smart grid compared with the traditional grid, smart grid has been
improved distinctly in the optimization of power control, the flexibility of grid structure,
optimizing the allocation of resources, and improving the power quality of services.

Need of project

Internet of things used in smart grid is the inevitable result of the development of
information communication technology (ICT) to a certain stage.
It will be able to effectively integrate the infrastructure resources in communications and
electrical power system, make the information and communication services operate for
electrical power system, increase the level of power system information, and improve the
utilization efficiency of infrastructures in the existing power system.
IoT technology has been used in smart grid, the important technical support for the
generation, transmission, substation, distribution, electricity and other aspects of power
grid can be effectively provided.

Problem statement

Environmental quality and protection covers issues of pollution, hazardous waste


management, hazardous chemical management, waste disposal management and waste
policy and information management.
Severe geophysical or climatic events including earthquakes, volcanic eruptions,
landslides, droughts, floods, cyclones and fires that threaten people or property are
termed natural hazards. Remote sensing the art of acquiring information about the earth
using remote instruments such as satellites is inherently useful for disaster
management.
Biodiversity is the variety of life: the different plants, animals and micro-organisms. It is
the degree of variation of life forms within a given ecosystem, biome or entire planet.

Biodiversity supports ecosystem services including air quality, climate, water


purification, pollination and erosion. Crop diversity aids recovery when the dominant
cultivar is attacked by disease or predator. Health risks associated with changes in
biodiversity e.g. scarcity of fresh water, distribution of disease vectors as a result of
climate change, and availability of food resources.
..

Objective of the Project

The main objective of the project is to develop a non renewable system by using more
use of renewable system using IOT.
To overcome the problems which caused by non renewable energy such as environmental
problems.

MethodologyMethodology to accomplish any project may involves the steps are shown in the
following block diagram
.

Fig.1 Block Diagram Of IOT for monitoring and controlling non renewable energy.

The block diagram consists following blocks:


Solar panel
GSM Module
FPGA Processor
GRID Energy
LCD Display
Control System
Inverter
Storage Battery

Significance of the project- To provide secure communications for smart grid-enabled


smart homes, the following basic security services need to be guaranteed:

Authentication. Ensure the identity that another party needs to be sure that it gets pricing
information only from the utility.
Integrity. Ensure that stored or received data were not modified on-route. For instance,
the utility needs to ensure the integrity of metering data received from smart homes.
Authorization. This service allows one party to verify that another authenticated party
has the right to do some actions or access some resources. For instance, the smart home
framework needs to be sure that a tenant requiring access to some electrical appliance has
the necessary rights to do that.
Confidentiality. Ensure that data are illegible to non authorized parties. For instance,
energy consumption sent by the smart home to the utility needs to be encrypted, such as
only the utility is able to access it.
Non-repudiation. This service prevents one party to deny sending a message or doing
some action. For example. Assuming that the utility sends a pricing message with a low
price Y but applies a high price Z, it could not deny the fact that the low-price message
was really sent by it. Furthermore, the utility needs to be sure that a consumer could not
contest a bill by denying the sending of the corresponding energy consumption
measurement.
Freshness. This service protects from replay attacks, where a valid message sent at time
t, is also sent in the future by the attacker. For instance, an attacker could replay low-tariff
pricing messages during peak-periods

Bibliography

David Vernet, Agustn Zaballos, Ramon Martin de Pozuelo High Performance


Web-of-Things Architecture for the Smart Grid Domain,volume: 2, IEEE
(2011).

Andreas Kamilaris_, Yiannis Tofisy, Chakib Bekaraz, Andreas Pitsillides_ and


Elias Energy-Aware Smart Homes to the Smart Grid By IOT , Department of
Computer Science Networks Research Laboratory University of Cyprus
(2012).

Jayavardhana Gubbia, Rajkumar Buyyab,, Slaven Marusic a, Marimuthu


Palaniswami a Internet of Things (IoT): A vision, architectural elements, and
future directions, Future Generation Computer Systems 29

16451660

(2013).
4

Antonio J. Jara1_, Latif Ladid2, and Antonio The Internet of Everything


through IPv6: An Analysis of Challenges, Solutions and Opportunities,
University of Applied Sciences Western Switzerland (HES-SO) Vice-chair, IEEE
ComSoc IoT.

Liu Hua1, Zhang Junguo*1, Lin Fantao2 Internet of Things Technology and
its Applications in Smart Grid , Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering
Vol.12, No.2, , pp. 940 ~ 946 ,February 2014.

Vedang Ratan Vatsa, Gopal Singh A Literature Review on Internet of Things (IoT),
International Journal of Computer Systems (ISSN: 2394-1065), Volume 02 Issue 08,
August, 2015.

Somayya Madakam, R. Ramaswamy, Siddharth Tripathi Internet of Things


(IoT) :A literature review, Journal of Computer and Communications, 2015, 3,
164-173 .

Md Masud Rana *, An Overview of Distributed Micro grid State Estimation


and Control for Smart Grids, ISSN 1424-8220, 2015.

Faysal Nayan1, Md. Aminul Islam2, Shifat Mahmud3 Feasibility Study of Smart Grid in
Bangladesh , Energy and Power Engineering, 5, 1531-1535, 2013 .

10

Meraka Institute Adopting the internet of things technologies in environmental


Management, 2012 International Conference on Environment Science and Engieering
IPCBEE vol.3 2(2012) (2012)IACSIT .

11 Nomusa Dlodlo Adopting the internet of things technologies in environmental


management, International Conference on Environment Science and Engineering
IPCBEE vol.3 (2012 ) .
12 Ayesha Hafeez, Nourhan H. Kandil, Ban Al-Omar, T. Landolsi, and A. R. Al-Ali Smart
Home Area Networks Protocols within the Smart Grid Context, Journal of
Communications Vol. 9, No. 9, September 2014.
13 Saswat Mohanty, Bikash Narayan Panda Implementation of a Web of Things based
Smart Grid to remotely monitor and control Renewable Energy Sources,

IEEE

Students Conference on Electrical, Electronics and Computer Science ,2014.


14 Mahesh Hiremth1, Prof: Manoranjan Kumar2 , Internet of

Things for Energy

Management in the home Power Supply, International Journal of Research In Science


& Engineering e-ISSN: 2394-8299 Volume: 1 Special Issue: 2